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Gene Kelly

from Take Me Out to the Ball Game trailer
Born Eugene Curran Kelly
August 23, 1912(1912-08-23)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,
United States
Died February 2, 1996 (aged 83)
Beverly Hills, California,
United States
Occupation Actor, dancer, singer, director, producer, choreographer
Years active 1938–1994
Spouse(s) Betsy Blair (1941–1957)
Jeanne Coyne (1960–1973)
Patricia Ward (1990–1996)
.Eugene Curran "Gene" Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996) was an American dancer, actor, singer, film director and producer, and choreographer.^ Gene Kelly died February 2, 1996, at the age of 83.
  • Gene Kelly - Ask.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ This is a masterfully done retrospective of Mr. Kelly's career as actor, dancer, choreographer and director.
  • http://authors.aspalliance.com/aspxtreme/shop/product.aspx?asin=B00006FDCQ 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC authors.aspalliance.com [Source type: General]

^ Today, we tell about actor and dancer Gene Kelly.
  • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America_����Ӣ����ѧ�� 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.wwenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: General]

.A major exponent of 20th century filmed dance, Kelly was known for his energetic and athletic dancing style, his good looks and the likeable characters that he played on screen.^ Astaire made dancing look easy; Kelly made it look like a workout.
  • The Great Debate: Fred Astaire v. Gene Kelly | Philly | 11/12/2009 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: General]

^ A major exponent of 20th century filmed dance, Kelly was known for his energetic and athletic dancing style, his good looks and the likeable characters that he played on screen.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Its like Gene Kelly dancing.
  • Gene Kelly Story Page - USATODAY.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: General]

.Although he is known today for his performance in Singin' in the Rain, he was a dominant force in Hollywood musical films from the mid 1940s until the demise of this form in the late 1950s.^ Although he is probably best known today for his performance in Singin' in the Rain , he was a dominant force in Hollywood musical films from the mid 1940s until the demise of this form in the late 1950s.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Gene Kelly performs in the 1952 film "Singin' in the Rain."
  • Gene Kelly News - Topix 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm not fond of most 1950s musicals, but Singin' in the Rain is a glorious exception.
  • Posts tagged Gene Kelly at Cinematical 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.cinematical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His many innovations transformed the Hollywood musical film, and he is credited with almost single-handedly making the ballet form commercially acceptable to film audiences.^ His many innovations transformed the Hollywood musical film, and he...
  • Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His many innovations transformed the Hollywood musical film, and he is credited with almost singlehandedly making the ballet form commercially acceptable to film audiences.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Although he is probably best known today for his performance in Singin' in the Rain , he was a dominant force in Hollywood musical films from the mid 1940s until the demise of this form in the late 1950s.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

[1]
.Kelly was the recipient of an Academy Honorary Award in 1952 for his career achievements.^ Kelly was the recipient of an Academy Honorary Award in 1952 for his career achievements.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Awards: Honorary Oscar, "in appreciation of his versatility as an actor, singer, director and dancer, and specifically for his brilliant achievements in the art of choreography on film," 1951; Cecil B. DeMille Career Prize,1980.
  • Gene Kelly - Actors and Actresses - Films as Actor:, Films as Director:, Publications 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.filmreference.com [Source type: General]

^ She had a career of her own both in the theater and on film, including her Academy Award nominated role in the film Marty .

He later received lifetime achievement awards in the Kennedy Center Honors, and from the Screen Actors Guild and American Film Institute; in 1999, the American Film Institute also numbered him 15th in their Greatest Male Stars of All Time list.

Contents

Early life

.He was the third son of James Kelly, a phonograph salesman, and Harriet Curran, who were both children of Irish Roman Catholic immigrants.^ He was the third son of James Kelly, a phonograph salesman, and Harriet Curran, who were both children of Irish Roman Catholic immigrants.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ James Kelly, a phonograph salesman, provided a modest living for his family, and Harriet Curran Kelly introduced her children to the arts.
  • Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The third of five children—three sons and two daughters—born to Patrick J. Kelly, a salesman for a gramophone company, and his wife, Harriet, a housewife and sometime actress in a local stock company, Kelly had his education interrupted by the Depression while a freshman at Penn State.
  • No False Moves - Personal Success, Gene Kelly : People.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.people.com [Source type: General]

.He was born in the Highland Park neighbourhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and, at the age of eight, was enrolled by his mother in dance classes, along with his elder brother James.^ He was born in the Highland Park neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. and, at the age of eight, was enrolled by his mother in dance classes, along with his older brother James.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He was later able to major in economics at the University of Pittsburgh and received a degree in 1933, but jobs were scarce and he went to work for a dancing school partly owned by his mother.
  • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Born in 1912 into a large middle-class Irish family in Pittsburgh, Kelly’s father was a traveling record salesman and his mother was possessed with a formidable determination to expose her children to the arts.
  • Gene Kelly - Anatomy of a Dancer | American Masters | PBS 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

.They both rebelled, and, according to Kelly: "We didn't like it much and were continually involved in fistfights with the neighborhood boys who called us sissies...I didn't dance again until I was fifteen."^ They both rebelled, and, according to Kelly: "We didn't like it much and were continually involved in fistfights with the neighborhood boys who called us sissies...I didn't dance again until I was fifteen."
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He was the third son of James Kelly, a phonograph salesman, and Harriet Curran, who were both children of Irish Roman Catholic immigrants.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He wasn't the elite, he didn't play a gentleman," says Leslie Caron, 64, who starred with Kelly in his Oscar-winning An American in Paris (1951).
  • No False Moves - Personal Success, Gene Kelly : People.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.people.com [Source type: General]

He thought it would be a good way to get girls.[2] .Kelly returned to dance on his own initiative and by then was an accomplished sportsman and well able to take care of himself.^ In it, Gene Kelly appears to be dancing with himself.
  • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: General]

^ Kelly returned to dance on his own initiative and by then was an accomplished sportsman and well able to take care of himself.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Kelly, born in 1912, was in his 20s before he committed to the entertainment industry—first as a dance teacher in his own studio and then as a stage and nightclub performer.
  • Astaire or Kelly: A Generation Apart « IndianAuteur 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.indianauteur.com [Source type: General]

He attended St. Raphael School Elementary School [3] In the Morningside neighborhood of Pittsburgh, PA. He graduated from Peabody High School in 1929. He enrolled in Pennsylvania State College to study journalism but the economic crash obliged him to seek employment to help with the family's finances. .At this time, he worked up dance routines with his younger brother Fred in order to earn prize money in local talent contests, and they also performed in local nightclubs.^ With brother Fred, he also gave dancing lessons.

^ He also directed local plays and performed with his brother Fred.
  • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: General]

^ At this time, he worked up dance routines with his younger brother Fred in order to earn prize money in local talent contests, and they also performed in local nightclubs.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

[2]
.In 1930, Kelly's family started a dance studio on Munhall Road in the Squirrel Hill neighborhood of Pittsburgh.^ In 1930, his family started a dance studio on Munhall Road in the Squirrel Hill neighborhood of Pittsburgh.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ The lessons proved so popular that, after he graduated in 1933, he opened the loftily named Gene Kelly Studios of the Dance in a rented hall.
  • No False Moves - Personal Success, Gene Kelly : People.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.people.com [Source type: General]

^ Gene Kelly, qui n'avait alors que 16 ans insista hardemment pour que ces coles soient rebaptises " the Gene Kelly Studio of Dance "...
  • Blog de gene-kelly - Gene Kelly 1912-1996 : "He could do... - Skyrock.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC gene-kelly.skyrock.com [Source type: Academic]

.In 1931, he enrolled at the University of Pittsburgh to study economics where he joined the Phi Kappa Theta fraternity and earned a Bachelor of Arts in Economics in 1933.[4] In 1932, the dance studio was renamed The Gene Kelly Studio of the Dance.^ In it, Gene Kelly appears to be dancing with himself.
  • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1931, Kelly enrolled at the University of Pittsburgh to study economics where he joined the Phi Kappa Theta fraternity and earned a Bachelor of Arts in Economics in 1933.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Gene Kelly danced first.
  • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: General]

.A second location was opened in Johnstown, Pennsylvania in 1933. While still an undergraduate student and later as a student at the University of Pittsburgh Law School, Gene was a teacher at the dance studio.^ While still an undergraduate student and later as a student at Pitt's School of Law, Gene was a teacher at the dance studio.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Two years later, the school was renamed the Gene Kelly Studio of the Dance and soon a successful branch was opened in Johnstown.
  • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ A second location was opened in Johnstown, Pennsylvania in 1933.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.In 1931, he was approached by the Rodef Shalom synagogue in Pittsburgh to teach dance and stage the annual Kermess and was so successful that his services were retained for seven years until his departure for New York.^ In 1931, he was approached by the Beth Shalom synagogue in Pittsburgh to teach dance and stage the annual Kermess and was so successful that his services were retained for seven years until his departure for New York.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He was already a successful dance teacher in his hometown of Pittsburgh when he began his ascent in the original Broadway production of Richard Rodgers' and Lorenz Hart's Pal Joey.
  • Gene Kelly Biography - Yahoo! Music 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC new.music.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Gene Kelly Music News & Info | Billboard.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.billboard.com [Source type: General]

^ He toured in vaudeville with his brother Fred (later a prolific stage and television director), and for several years ran a successful dancing school in Pittsburgh.
  • Gene Kelly (American actor, dancer, and director) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

.[5] Eventually, though, he decided to pursue his career as a dance teacher and entertainer full-time and so dropped out of law school after two months.^ Eventually, though, he decided to pursue his career as a dance teacher and entertainer full-time and so dropped out of law school after two months.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He had a hard time persuading MGM officials that they should spend $100,000 and two months shooting an eight-minute number, in which he would dance with Jerry the mouse from the "Tom and Jerry" cartoon series.
  • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ While still an undergraduate student and later as a student at Pitt's School of Law, Gene was a teacher at the dance studio.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.He began to focus increasingly on performing, later claiming: "With time I became disenchanted with teaching because the ratio of girls to boys was more than ten to one, and once the girls reached sixteen the dropout rate was very high."^ He began to focus increasingly on performing, later claiming: "With time I became disenchanted with teaching because the ratio of girls to boys was more than ten to one, and once the girls reached sixteen the dropout rate was very high."
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ One more time for me.

^ Depending on your location and the shipping service you selected, your order will take from one to ten days to be delivered once it has shipped.
  • Gene Kelly Poster from Unknown on - Wolfgang's Vault 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.wolfgangsvault.com [Source type: General]

[2] .In 1937, having successfully managed and developed the family's dance school business, he moved to New York City in search of work as a choreographer.^ In 1938 he began making excursions to New York City to find dance work.
  • Gene Kelly: 1912-96 - dancer - Obituary | Dance Magazine | Find Articles at BNET 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC findarticles.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1937, having successfully managed and developed the family's dance school business, he moved to New York City in search of work as a choreographer.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He was later able to major in economics at the University of Pittsburgh and received a degree in 1933, but jobs were scarce and he went to work for a dancing school partly owned by his mother.
  • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[2]

Stage career

.After a fruitless search, Kelly returned to Pittsburgh, to his first position as a choreographer with the Charles Gaynor musical revue Hold Your Hats at the Pittsburgh Playhouse in April, 1938. Kelly appeared in six of the sketches, one of which, "La Cumparsita", became the basis of an extended Spanish number in Anchors Aweigh eight years later.^ After a fruitless search, Kelly returned to Pittsburgh, to his first position as a choreographer with the Charles Gaynor musical revue Hold Your Hats at the Pittsburgh Playhouse in April, 1938.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Kelly appeared in six of the sketches, one of which, "La Cumparsita", became the basis of an extended Spanish number in Anchors Aweigh eight years later.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ In 1944, Kelly had starred in Ziegfield Follies, but the picture did not see the light of day until two years later.

His first Broadway assignment, in November 1938, was as a dancer in Cole Porter's Leave It to Me! as the American ambassador's secretary who supports Mary Martin while she sings "My Heart Belongs to Daddy". He had been hired by Robert Alton who had staged a show at the Pittsburgh Playhouse and been impressed by Kelly's teaching skills. .When Alton moved on to choreograph One for the Money he hired Kelly to act, sing and dance in a total of eight routines.^ In one part, Gene Kelly sings the title song while he dances.
  • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: General]

^ When Alton moved on to choreograph One for the Money he hired Kelly to act, sing and dance in a total of eight routines.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.His first career breakthrough was in the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Time of Your Life, which opened on November 11, 1939, where for the first time on Broadway he danced to his own choreography.^ His first career breakthrough was in the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Time of Your Life , which opened on November 11, 1939, where for the first time on Broadway he danced to his own choreography.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ After a dramatic turn in William Saroyan's "The Time of Your Life" (1939), he scored his biggest stage triumph as Joey Evans, the anti-hero of the Rodgers and Hart/John O'Hara musical "Pal Joey".

^ At this time, he worked up dance routines with his younger brother Fred in order to earn prize money in local talent contests, and they also performed in local nightclubs.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.In the same year he received his first assignment as a Broadway choreographer, for Billy Rose's Diamond Horseshoe.^ In the same year he received his first assignment as a Broadway choreographer, for Billy Rose 's Diamond Horseshoe .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Plus tard, et grce au succs de "The Time of Your Life", Gene fut engag par Billy Rose , en tant que chorgraphe de son spectacle, au Diamond Horseshoe .
  • Blog de gene-kelly - Gene Kelly 1912-1996 : "He could do... - Skyrock.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC gene-kelly.skyrock.com [Source type: Academic]

^ First time I head Gene I was 10 years old, after that my life never was same.

.His future wife, Betsy Blair, was a member of the cast.^ His future wife, Betsy Blair, was a member of the cast.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Kelly's first wife was the actress Betsy Blair, from whom he was divorced in 1957.
  • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

They began dating and married on October 16, 1941.
.In 1940, he was given the leading role in Rodgers and Hart's Pal Joey, again choreographed by Robert Alton, and this role propelled him to stardom.^ In 1940, he was given the leading role in Rodgers and Hart's Pal Joey , again choreographed by Robert Alton, and this role propelled him to stardom.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ A more prominent performance in the drama The Time of Your Life caught the attention of Richard Rodgers, who cast him as the titular Pal Joey.
  • Gene Kelly - Ask.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ After choreographing local shows and playing nightclubs with Fred, by 1938 Kelly felt he was good enough to buy a one-way ticket to New York City and eventually won the lead role in the original Broadway production of Pal Joey.
  • Gene Kelly - Anatomy of a Dancer | American Masters | PBS 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

.During its run he told reporters: "I don't believe in conformity to any school of dancing.^ During its run he told reporters: "I don't believe in conformity to any school of dancing.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.I create what the drama and the music demand.^ I create what the drama and the music demand.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.While I am a hundred percent for ballet technique, I use only what I can adapt to my own use.^ While I am a hundred percent for ballet technique, I use only what I can adapt to my own use.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.I never let technique get in the way of mood or continuity."^ I never let technique get in the way of mood or continuity."
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

[2] .It was at this time also, that his phenomenal commitment to rehearsal and hard work was noticed by his colleagues.^ It was at this time also, that his phenomenal commitment to rehearsal and hard work was noticed by his colleagues.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.Van Johnson who also appeared in Pal Joey recalled: "I watched him rehearsing, and it seemed to me that there was no possible room for improvement.^ A more prominent performance in the drama The Time of Your Life caught the attention of Richard Rodgers, who cast him as the titular Pal Joey.
  • Gene Kelly - Ask.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ It is lovely to watch the faces of people when I play them Gene's over the rainbow, as all they know him for is Be bop a lula so they are in shock on discovering who the singer is.

^ At the time, Mr. Kelly was appearing in "Pal Joey" at night and by day choreographing the Broadway musical hit "Best Foot Forward."
  • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.Yet he wasn't satisfied.^ Yet he wasn't satisfied.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.It was midnight and we had been rehearsing since eight in the morning.^ It was midnight and we had been rehearsing since eight in the morning.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.I was making my way sleepily down the long flight of stairs when I heard staccato steps coming from the stage...I could see just a single lamp burning.^ I was making my way sleepily down the long flight of stairs when I heard staccato steps coming from the stage...I could see just a single lamp burning.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ After we landed and Before my wife got there he managed to get an earlier flight and made a special effort to thank me and told me how he enjoyed the conversation down to Vancouver.

^ Several months later, I went to the same Armory to see Buddy Holly - but he didn't make it - his plane,as the world won't ever forget, crashed on the way to that concert.

.Under it, a figure was dancing...Gene."^ Under it, a figure was dancing...Gene."
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Along with Fred Astaire , Gene Kelly was the most successful song-and-dance man in film history, a towering figure in the development and enduring success of the movie musical.

[2]
.Offers from Hollywood began to arrive but Kelly was in no particular hurry to leave New York.^ Offers from Hollywood began to arrive but Kelly was in no particular hurry to leave New York.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Especially if you're sailors Gene Kelly, Frank Sinatra and Jules Munshin, on leave and ready for fun in New York City in this Oscar-winning musical comedy.
  • Gene Kelly DVDs, Gene Kelly DVD Rentals, Rent Gene Kelly Movies at Netflix Today 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.netflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Faire danser le rel, les rues de New York, ou un personnage virtuel, rien n'arrtait Gene Kelly le surdou qui donna ses lettres d'or Hollywood, ses plus beaux moments.

.Eventually, he signed with David O. Selznick, agreeing to go to Hollywood at the end of his commitment to Pal Joey, in October 1941. Prior to his contract, he also managed to fit in choreographing the stage production of Best Foot Forward.^ Famed producer David O Selznick signed Gene to his first Hollywood contract...
  • Gene Kelly (I) 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Prior to his contract, he also managed to fit in choreographing the stage production of Best Foot Forward .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Eventually, he signed with David O. Selznick, agreeing to go to Hollywood at the end of his commitment to Pal Joey , in October 1941.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

Film career

1941–1944: Becoming established in Hollywood

Gene Kelly dancing with Jerry in Anchors Aweigh (1945)
.Selznick sold half of Kelly's contract to MGM and loaned him out to MGM for his first motion picture: For Me and My Gal (1942) with Judy Garland.^ Selznick sold half of Kelly's contract to MGM and loaned him out to MGM for his first motion picture: For Me and My Gal (1942) with Judy Garland.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Kelly left Broadway for Hollywood when David O. Selznick offered him a contract, immediately loaning him to MGM to star opposite Judy Garland in 1942's For Me and My Gal.

^ In 1942, he made an impressive film debut opposite Judy Garland in For Me and My Gal.
  • Gene Kelly DVDs, Gene Kelly DVD Rentals, Rent Gene Kelly Movies at Netflix Today 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.netflix.com [Source type: General]

.Kelly was "appalled at the sight of myself blown up twenty times.^ Kelly was "appalled at the sight of myself blown up twenty times.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Every time a Republican gets nervous, Gene Kelly shows up.
  • Burnt Orange Report: He's Baaack: Gene Kelly Files for TX-21 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.burntorangereport.com [Source type: General]

.I had an awful feeling that I was a tremendous flop" but the picture did well and, in the face of much internal resistance, Arthur Freed of MGM picked up the other half of Kelly's contract.^ I had an awful feeling that I was a tremendous flop" but the picture did well and, in the face of much internal resistance, Arthur Freed of MGM picked up the other half of Kelly's contract.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ In 1944, Kelly had starred in Ziegfield Follies, but the picture did not see the light of day until two years later.

^ In the movie, two Gene Kellys seem to chase each other up and down steps, threaten each other, and leap over each other's heads.
  • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: General]

[2] After appearing in the B-movie drama Pilot #5 he took the male lead in Cole Porter's Du Barry Was a Lady opposite Lucille Ball. .His first opportunity to dance to his own choreography came in his next picture Thousands Cheer, where he performed a mock-love dance with a mop.^ His first opportunity to dance to his own choreography came in his next picture Thousands Cheer , where he performed a mock-love dance with a mop.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ His first career breakthrough was in the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Time of Your Life , which opened on November 11, 1939, where for the first time on Broadway he danced to his own choreography.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.He achieved his breakthrough as a dancer on film, when MGM loaned him out to Columbia to work with Rita Hayworth in Cover Girl (1944), where he created a memorable routine dancing to his own reflection.^ He achieved his breakthrough as a dancer on film, when MGM loaned him out to Columbia to work with Rita Hayworth in Cover Girl (1944), where he created a memorable routine dancing to his own reflection.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ M-G-M, lacking a role appropriate for Kelly, lent him to Columbia to play the male lead in a Rita Hayworth muscial, Cover Girl (1944).  The studio would never let Kelly work in another studio's film again after seeing his remarkable performance.  The search for the pearl in the oyster and fun number "Make Way For Tomorrow," featuring Hayworth, Kelly, and the always entertaining Phil Silvers, is a memorable sequence in the movie.  However, the highlight of the picture is Kelly's alter ego dance.  Please read further in  My Review of Cover Girl  by clicking on the link.   Search eBay for Cover Girl .
  • eBay Guides - The Essential Gene Kelly Film Collection 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In his next film Anchors Aweigh (1945), MGM virtually gave him a free hand to devise a range of dance routines, including the celebrated and much imitated animated dances with Jerry Mouse, and his duets with co-star Frank Sinatra.^ In his next film Anchors Aweigh (1945), MGM virtually gave him a free hand to devise a range of dance routines, including the celebrated and much imitated animated dances with Jerry Mouse, and his duets with co-star Frank Sinatra .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Anchors Aweigh put Kelly alongside a young Frank Sinatra but it also gave him a bravura dance segment involving live action and animation mixed together, all in Technicolor, in which his dancing partner was Jerry the Mouse from the Tom & Jerry cartoons.
  • Gene Kelly - Download Gene Kelly Music on iTunes 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC ax.itunes.apple.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6].Aweigh (film)">Anchors Aweigh became one of the most successful films of 1945 and it garnered Kelly his first and only Academy Award nomination for Best Actor.^ Anchors Aweigh became one of the most successful films of 1945 and it garnered Kelly his first and only Academy Award nomination for Best Actor.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Gene was nominated in 1946 for Best Actor Oscar for Anchors Aweigh (1945).
  • MySpace - Gene Kelly Tribute - 97 - Male - Beverly Hills, California - myspace.com/gene_kelly_ 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Academy Award nomination for Best Actor in Anchors Aweigh (1945).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.In Ziegfeld Follies (1946) – which was produced in 1944 but not released until 1946 – Kelly collaborated with Fred Astaire – for whom he had the greatest admiration – in the famous "The Babbitt and the Bromide" challenge dance routine before leaving the studio for wartime service.^ Gene Kelly vs Fred Astaire .
  • Jaman - Music & Musicals - Gene Kelly vs Fred Astaire 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.jaman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jaman - celebrity - Gene Kelly vs Fred Astaire 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.jaman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Babbitt & the Bromide dance number .
  • Gene Kelly - Wiki - Pictures - Videos 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.flixster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Ziegfeld Follies (1946) – which was produced in 1944 but not released until 1946 – Kelly collaborated with Fred Astaire – for whom he had the greatest admiration – in the famous "The Babbitt and the Bromide" challenge dance routine before leaving the studio for wartime service.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.Throughout this period Kelly was obliged to appear in straight acting roles in a series of cheap B-movies, now largely forgotten.^ Throughout this period Kelly was obliged to appear in straight acting roles in a series of cheap B-movies, now largely forgotten.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ It was now Kelly's turn to ask the studio for a straight acting role and he took the lead role in the early mafia melodrama: The Black Hand (1949).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Kelly continued to make frequent TV appearances and in 1980, appeared in an acting and dancing role opposite Olivia Newton John in Xanadu (1980), a bizarre and expensive flop which has since attained a cult following.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.At the end of 1944, Kelly enlisted in the U.S. Naval Air Service and was commissioned as lieutenant, junior grade.^ At the end of 1944, Kelly enlisted in the United States Naval Air Service and was commissioned as lieutenant, junior grade.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.He was stationed in the Photographic Section, Washington D.C., where he was involved in writing and directing a range of documentaries, and this stimulated his interest in the production side of film-making.^ He was stationed in the Photographic Section, Washington D.C., where he was involved in writing and directing a range of documentaries, and this stimulated his interest in the production side of film-making.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ A silent film production company and cast make a difficult transition to sound.
  • Singin' in the Rain (1952) 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC us.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was as technically involved as Kelly, although he never wanted to direct the whole film.
  • The Great Debate: Fred Astaire v. Gene Kelly | Philly | 11/12/2009 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: General]

[4][7]

1946–1952: MGM

.On his return to Hollywood in the spring of 1946, MGM had nothing lined up and used him in yet another B-movie: Living in a Big Way.^ On his return to Hollywood in the spring of 1946, MGM had nothing lined up and used him in yet another B-movie: Living in a Big Way .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Synopsis: Despite MGM's insistence that star Gene Kelly , just returning from military service in 1947, appear exclusively in big-budget Technicolor musicals, maverick director Gregory La Cava showcased Kelly in the modest black and white tunefest Living in a Big Way.
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ In the interim he served in the Navy, and upon returning from duty starred in 1947's Living in a Big Way .
  • Gene Kelly - Ask.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

.The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.^ The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ A major exponent of 20th century filmed dance, Kelly was known for his energetic and athletic dancing style, his good looks and the likeable characters that he played on screen.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]
  • Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the time Gene was eight, "The Five Kellys" -- Jay, Jim, Gene, Louise, and Fred -- were performing dance routines at amateur vaudeville nights.
  • Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This led to his next picture with Judy Garland and director Vincente Minnelli, the film version of Cole Porter's The Pirate, in which Kelly plays the eponymous swashbuckler.^ This led to his next picture with Judy Garland and director Vincente Minnelli, the film version of Cole Porter's The Pirate , in which Kelly plays the eponymous swashbuckler.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Judy Garland et Gene Kelly...
  • Blog de gene-kelly - Gene Kelly 1912-1996 : "He could do... - Skyrock.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC gene-kelly.skyrock.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In addition to seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, it also earned Kelly a special Oscar in honor of "his versatility as actor, singer, director, and dancer, and specifically for his brilliant achievements in the art of choreography on film."

.Now regarded as a classic, the film was ahead of its time and was not well received.^ Now regarded as a classic, the film was ahead of its time and was not well received.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.The Pirate gave full rein to Kelly's athleticism and is probably best remembered for Kelly's work with The Nicholas Brothers – the leading African-American dancers of their day – in a virtuoso dance routine.^ The Pirate gave full rein to Kelly's athleticism and is probably best remembered for Kelly's work with The Nicholas Brothers – the leading African-American dancers of their day – in a virtuoso dance routine.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ An American In Paris Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron sing and dance to the music of George and Ira Gershwin in this winner of six Academy Awards, including Best Picture.
  • http://www.play.com/DVD/DVD/4-/3595287/Gene-Kelly-Signature-Collection/Product.html 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.play.com [Source type: General]

.Although MGM wanted Kelly to return to safer and more commercial vehicles, he ceaselessly fought for an opportunity to direct his own musical film.^ He was as technically involved as Kelly, although he never wanted to direct the whole film.
  • The Great Debate: Fred Astaire v. Gene Kelly | Philly | 11/12/2009 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: General]

^ Although MGM wanted Kelly to return to safer and more commercial vehicles, he ceaselessly fought for an opportunity to direct his own musical film.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ After a fruitless search, Kelly returned to Pittsburgh, to his first position as a choreographer with the Charles Gaynor musical revue Hold Your Hats at the Pittsburgh Playhouse in April, 1938.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.In the interim, he capitalised on his swashbuckling image as d'Artagnan in The Three Musketeers.^ In the interim, he capitalised on his swashbuckling image as one of The Three Musketeers and appeared with Vera-Ellen in the Slaughter on Tenth Avenue ballet from Words and Music (1948).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ For 1948's The Pirate, Kelly teamed with director Vincente Minnelli , followed by a turn as D'Artagnan in The Three Musketeers.

and also appeared with .Vera-Ellen in the Slaughter on Tenth Avenue ballet in Words and Music (1948).^ In the interim, he capitalised on his swashbuckling image as one of The Three Musketeers and appeared with Vera-Ellen in the Slaughter on Tenth Avenue ballet from Words and Music (1948).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Next, in the 1948 Rodgers-and-Hart biography Words and Music, he teamed with Vera Ellen for a performance of "Slaughter on Tenth Avenue."

^ Words and Music (1948) .
  • Gene Kelly DVDs, Gene Kelly DVD Rentals, Rent Gene Kelly Movies at Netflix Today 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.netflix.com [Source type: General]

.He was due to play the male lead opposite Garland in Easter Parade (1948), but broke his ankle playing volleyball.^ He was due to play the male lead opposite Garland in Easter Parade (1948), but broke his ankle playing volleyball.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ But with Gene Kelly and Judy Garland in the leading roles of the 1948 filmization of The Pirate , the MGM production staff would have been drawn and quartered had there  Read More .
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ After appearing in the B-movie drama Pilot #5 he took the male lead in Cole Porter's Du Barry Was a Lady opposite Lucille Ball.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.He withdrew from the film and encouraged Fred Astaire to come out of retirement to replace him.^ He withdrew from the film and encouraged Fred Astaire to come out of retirement to replace him.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Fred Astaire's success on the screen means that audiences are far more gracious than I am when it comes to putting together May-December romances on the screen.
  • Jaman - Music & Musicals - Gene Kelly vs Fred Astaire 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.jaman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jaman - celebrity - Gene Kelly vs Fred Astaire 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.jaman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you are in the 'want to be out and about on New Year's Eve' kind of mood, your man is definitely Fred Astaire.
  • Jaman - Music & Musicals - Gene Kelly vs Fred Astaire 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.jaman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jaman - celebrity - Gene Kelly vs Fred Astaire 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.jaman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] There followed Take Me Out to the Ball Game (1949), his second film with Sinatra, where Kelly paid tribute to his Irish heritage in The Hat My Father Wore on St. Patrick's Day routine. It was this musical film which persuaded Arthur Freed to allow Kelly to make On the Town, where he partnered with Frank Sinatra for the third and final time, creating a breakthrough in the musical film genre which has been described as "the most inventive and effervescent musical thus far produced in Hollywood."[2]
.Stanley Donen, brought to Hollywood by Kelly to be his assistant choreographer, received co-director credit for On the Town.^ Stanley Donen, brought to Hollywood by Kelly to be his assistant choreographer, received co-director credit for On the Town .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Dancer, actor, director, choreographer; Gene Kelly perhaps did more than any other single person to shape the Hollywood movie musical during the 1940s and 1950s.

^ As Kelly's popularity and box office grosses grew, so did his influence at the studio, and he began proposing more ambitious projects as a director as well as a choreographer and performer.
  • Gene Kelly - Download Gene Kelly Music on iTunes 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC ax.itunes.apple.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to Kelly: "...when you are involved in doing choreography for film you must have expert assistants.^ According to Kelly: "...when you are involved in doing choreography for film you must have expert assistants.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ You must enter a subject for your comment Also ( 0.00 / 0 ) If Gene Kelly wants to keep giving the Texas Democratic party $3125 for the priviledge of doing nothing..
  • Burnt Orange Report: He's Baaack: Gene Kelly Files for TX-21 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.burntorangereport.com [Source type: General]

^ You must enter a subject for your comment It was worse in March after BAR went to the runoff with Kelly ( 0.00 / 0 ) Just sayin.
  • Burnt Orange Report: He's Baaack: Gene Kelly Files for TX-21 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.burntorangereport.com [Source type: General]

.I needed one to watch my performance, and one to work with the cameraman on the timing..without such people as Stanley, Carol Haney and Jeanne Coyne I could never have done these things.^ I needed one to watch my performance, and one to work with the cameraman on the timing..without such people as Stanley, Carol Haney and Jeanne Coyne I could never have done these things.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ At this time, he worked up dance routines with his younger brother Fred in order to earn prize money in local talent contests, and they also performed in local nightclubs.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He choreographed his own movement, along with that of the ensemble, with the assistance of Jeanne Coyne, Stanley Donen, Carol Haney, and Alex Romero.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.When we came to do On the Town, I knew it was time for Stanley to get screen credit because we weren't boss-assistant anymore but co-creators."^ When we came to do On the Town , I knew it was time for Stanley to get screen credit because we weren't boss-assistant anymore but co-creators."
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Stanley Donen, brought to Hollywood by Kelly to be his assistant choreographer, received co-director credit for On the Town .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ On the Town , which Kelly co-directed with Stanley Donen , is — by far — my favorite MGM musical.
  • Gene Kelly, Jack Palance on Turner Classic Movies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.altfg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2][9] .Together, they opened up the musical form, taking the film musical out of the studio and into real locations, with Donen taking responsibility for the staging and Kelly handling the choreography.^ Together, they opened up the musical form, taking the film musical out of the studio and into real locations, with Donen taking responsibility for the staging and Kelly handling the choreography.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ When Kelly returned to Hollywood in 1953, the film musical was already beginning to feel the pressures from television, and MGM cut the budget for his next picture Brigadoon (1954), with Cyd Charisse, forcing the film to be made on studio backlots instead of on location in Scotland.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ I realize they both made up for the snub in later films, but that doesn't deny they weren't more deserving than Wayne for True Grit (?!
  • Golddigger: Tap-Dancing Gene Kelly Does Not A 'Best Picture' Make - Pop Vox Blog - Newsweek.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.blog.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

.Kelly went much further than before in introducing modern ballet into his dance sequences, going so far in the "Day in New York" routine as to substitute four leading ballet specialists for Sinatra, Munshin, Garrett and Miller.^ Kelly went much further than before in introducing modern ballet into his dance sequences, going so far in the "Day in New York" routine as to substitute four leading ballet specialists for Sinatra, Munshin, Garrett and Miller.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Adapted from the Leonard Bernstein-Betty Comden-Adolph Green Broadway hit, "On the Town" followed the adventures of three sailors (Kelly, Frank Sinatra and Jules Munshin) on leave for one day in New York City and the women (Ann Miller, Vera-Ellen and Betty Garrett) they encounter.

^ Especially if you're sailors Gene Kelly, Frank Sinatra and Jules Munshin, on leave and ready for fun in New York City in this Oscar-winning musical comedy.
  • Gene Kelly DVDs, Gene Kelly DVD Rentals, Rent Gene Kelly Movies at Netflix Today 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.netflix.com [Source type: General]

[4]
.It was now Kelly's turn to ask the studio for a straight acting role and he took the lead role in the early mafia melodrama: The Black Hand (1949).^ It was now Kelly's turn to ask the studio for a straight acting role and he took the lead role in the early mafia melodrama: The Black Hand (1949).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Black Hand (a Mafia drama) and Summer Stock (another collaboration with Garland) followed before Kelly reteamed with Minnelli for 1951's masterful An American in Paris, one of the most acclaimed musicals in Hollywood history.

^ But with Gene Kelly and Judy Garland in the leading roles of the 1948 filmization of The Pirate , the MGM production staff would have been drawn and quartered had there  Read More .
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.There followed Summer Stock (1950) – Judy Garland's last musical film for MGM – in which Kelly performed the celebrated "You, You Wonderful You" solo routine with a newspaper and a squeaky floorboard.^ Gene Kelly appeared as actor and dancer in the following musical films.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ There followed Summer Stock (1950) – Judy Garland's last musical film for MGM – in which Kelly performed the celebrated "You, You Wonderful You" solo routine with a newspaper and a squeaky floorboard.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Judy Garland et Gene Kelly...
  • Blog de gene-kelly - Gene Kelly 1912-1996 : "He could do... - Skyrock.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC gene-kelly.skyrock.com [Source type: Academic]

.In his book "Easy the Hard Way", Joe Pasternak, head of one of the other musical units within MGM, singled out Kelly for his patience and willingness to spend as much time as necessary to enable the ailing Garland to complete her part.^ In his book "Easy the Hard Way", Joe Pasternak, head of one of the other musical units within MGM, singled out Kelly for his patience and willingness to spend as much time as necessary to enable the ailing Garland to complete her part.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ I had an awful feeling that I was a tremendous flop" but the picture did well and, in the face of much internal resistance, Arthur Freed of MGM picked up the other half of Kelly's contract.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Dancer, actor, director, choreographer; Gene Kelly perhaps did more than any other single person to shape the Hollywood movie musical during the 1940s and 1950s.

[2]
.There followed in quick succession two musicals which have secured Kelly's reputation as a major force in the American musical film, An American in Paris (1951) and – probably the most popular and admired of all film musicals – Singin' in the Rain (1952).^ There followed in quick succession two musicals which have secured Kelly's reputation as a major force in the American musical film, An American in Paris (1951) and – probably the most popular and admired of all film musicals – Singin' in the Rain (1952).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Gene Kelly performs in the 1952 film "Singin' in the Rain."
  • Gene Kelly News - Topix 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gene Kelly appeared as actor and dancer in the following musical films.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.As co-director, lead star and choreographer, Kelly was the central driving force.^ As co-director, lead star and choreographer, Kelly was the central driving force.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Eugene Curran "Gene" Kelly (August 23, 1912 - February 2, 1996) was an American dancer, actor, singer, film director and producer, and choreographer.
  • Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eugene Curran "Gene" Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996) was an American dancer, actor, singer, director, producer, and choreographer.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

Johnny Green, head of music at MGM at the time, described him as follows:
."Gene is easygoing as long as you know exactly what you are doing when you're working with him.^ At that juncture, I faced the camera and I said smarmily, "You know, when Gene referred to our mutual friend, Herb Capozzi, as an idiot, Gene was only kidding."
  • SLAM! Sports - Wrestling - Gene Kiniski 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC slam.canoe.ca [Source type: General]

^ I just want to pay Tribute to Gene and say "Thank You" to him and let him know that although he's no longer on this Earth in body,that he is still here with us and always will be a very important part of my life.

^ It's an apples and oranges comparison, so all you're really saying is, apples should always win over oranges, i.e., serious dramatic works should always win over frothy musicals.
  • Golddigger: Tap-Dancing Gene Kelly Does Not A 'Best Picture' Make - Pop Vox Blog - Newsweek.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.blog.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

.He's a hard taskmaster and he loves hard work.^ He's a hard taskmaster and he loves hard work.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.If you want to play on his team you'd better like hard work too.^ If you want to play on his team you'd better like hard work too.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ I wanted to play the guitar because I wanted to be like Hank Williams.

^ He played to a hard-core greaser crowd, and they treated him like a god.

.He isn't cruel but he is tough, and if Gene believed in something he didn't care who he was talking to, whether it was Louis B. Mayer or the gatekeeper.^ He isn't cruel but he is tough, and if Gene believed in something he didn't care who he was talking to, whether it was Louis B. Mayer or the gatekeeper.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Gene didn't know his career was closing but by a gift of this fine guitar another was begining.

^ Someone that really cares about Gene and not just enjoyed his music please reach out to my mom who is suffering major poverty at this time.

He wasn't awed by anybody and he had a good record of getting what he wanted".[2]
.An American in Paris won six Academy Awards, including Best Picture and, in the same year, Kelly was presented with an honorary Academy Award for his contribution to film musicals and the art of choreography.^ An American in Paris won six Academy Awards, including Best Picture and, in the same year, Kelly was presented with an honorary Academy Award for his contribution to film musicals and the art of choreography.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Kelly was the recipient of an Academy Honorary Award in 1952 for his career achievements.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ But in the midst of all of this activity (which included a loan-out to Columbia Pictures for Cover Girl, a musical that was more ambitious than any of his MGM films to date), Kelly revealed himself to be a quintuple threat: dancer, actor, singer, choreographer, and director.
  • Gene Kelly - Download Gene Kelly Music on iTunes 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC ax.itunes.apple.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The film also marked the debut of Leslie Caron, whom Kelly had spotted in Paris and brought to Hollywood.^ The film also marked the debut of Leslie Caron, whom Kelly had spotted in Paris and brought to Hollywood.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Stanley Donen, brought to Hollywood by Kelly to be his assistant choreographer, received co-director credit for On the Town .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Actors: Gene Kelly , Leslie Caron , Oscar Levant , Georges Guetary , Nina Foch .
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.Its dream ballet sequence, lasting an unprecedented seventeen minutes, was the most expensive production number ever filmed up to that point and was described by Bosley Crowther as, "whoop-de-doo ...^ Its dream ballet sequence, lasting an unprecedented seventeen minutes, was the most expensive production number ever filmed up to that point and was described by Bosley Crowther as, " whoop-de-doo ...
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ However, most of his efforts were now concentrated on film production and directing.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ I never was a fan of "An American in Paris," probably because, as Tony points out, the "ballet" sequence was more or less an exorbitant rip off of "The Red Shoes".
  • The Great Debate: Fred Astaire v. Gene Kelly | Philly | 11/12/2009 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: General]

one of the finest ever put on the screen."[4] .Singin' in the Rain featured Kelly's celebrated and much imitated solo dance routine to the title song, along with the "Moses Supposes" routine with Donald O'Connor and the "Broadway Melody" finale with Cyd Charisse, and while it did not initially generate the same enthusiasm as An American in Paris, it subsequently overtook the earlier film to occupy its current pre-eminent place among critics and filmgoers alike.^ Singin' in the Rain featured Kelly's celebrated and much imitated solo dance routine to the title song, along with the "Moses Supposes" routine with Donald O'Connor and the "Broadway Melody" finale with Cyd Charisse, and while it did not initially generate the same enthusiasm as An American in Paris , it subsequently overtook the earlier film to occupy its current pre-eminent place among critics and filmgoers alike.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Gene Kelly performs in the 1952 film "Singin' in the Rain."
  • Gene Kelly News - Topix 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

[10]

1953–57: The decline of the Hollywood musical

.Kelly, at the very peak of his creative powers, now made what in retrospect is seen as a serious mistake.^ Kelly, at the very peak of his creative powers, now made what in retrospect is seen as a serious mistake.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

[4] .In December 1951 he signed a contract with MGM which sent him to Europe for nineteen months so that Kelly could use MGM funds frozen in Europe to make three pictures while personally benefiting from tax exemptions.^ He negotiated an exit to his contract which involved making three further pictures for MGM. .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ In December 1951 he signed a contract with MGM which sent him to Europe for nineteen months so that Kelly could use MGM funds frozen in Europe to make three pictures while personally benefiting from tax exemptions.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ I had an awful feeling that I was a tremendous flop" but the picture did well and, in the face of much internal resistance, Arthur Freed of MGM picked up the other half of Kelly's contract.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.Only one of these pictures was a musical, Invitation to the Dance, a pet project of Kelly's to bring modern ballet to mainstream film audiences.^ Only one of these pictures was a musical, Invitation to the Dance , a pet project of Kelly's to bring modern ballet to mainstream film audiences.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ III in 1994, his final film project was the animated movie Cats Don't Dance , released in 1997 and dedicated to him, on which Kelly acted as uncredited choreographic consultant.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.It was beset with delays and technical problems, and flopped when finally released in 1956. When Kelly returned to Hollywood in 1953, the film musical was already beginning to feel the pressures from television, and MGM cut the budget for his next picture Brigadoon (1954), with Cyd Charisse, forcing the film to be made on studio backlots instead of on location in Scotland.^ It was beset with delays and technical problems, and flopped when finally released in 1956.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ When Kelly returned to Hollywood in 1953, the film musical was already beginning to feel the pressures from television, and MGM cut the budget for his next picture Brigadoon (1954), with Cyd Charisse, forcing the film to be made on studio backlots instead of on location in Scotland.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ After a fruitless search, Kelly returned to Pittsburgh, to his first position as a choreographer with the Charles Gaynor musical revue Hold Your Hats at the Pittsburgh Playhouse in April, 1938.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.This year also saw him appear as guest star with his brother Fred in the celebrated "I Love To Go Swimmin' with Wimmen" routine in Deep in My Heart.^ This year also saw him appear as guest star with his brother Fred in the celebrated "I Love To Go Swimmin' with Wimmen" routine in Deep in My Heart .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Gene and his brother Fred only appear on film once together, in 1955's Deep in My Heart.
  • Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their number, "I Love to Go Swimmin' With Wimmen," recalls the type of performances they gave as "The Kelly Brothers" in the 1930s.
  • Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.MGM's refusal to loan him out for Guys and Dolls and Pal Joey put further strains on his relationship with the studio.^ MGM's refusal to loan him out for Guys and Dolls and Pal Joey put further strains on his relationship with the studio.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ A more prominent performance in the drama The Time of Your Life caught the attention of Richard Rodgers, who cast him as the titular Pal Joey.
  • Gene Kelly - Ask.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ Van Johnson who also appeared in Pal Joey recalled: "I watched him rehearsing, and it seemed to me that there was no possible room for improvement.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

He negotiated an exit to his contract which involved making three further pictures for MGM.
.The first of these, It's Always Fair Weather (1956) co-directed with Donen, was a musical satire on television and advertising, and includes his famous roller skate dance routine to "I Like Myself", and a dance trio with Michael Kidd and Dan Dailey which allowed Kelly to experiment with the widescreen possibilities of Cinemascope.^ Again working with Donen, he co-directed 1955's It's Always Fair Weather .
  • Gene Kelly - Ask.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ The first of these, It's Always Fair Weather (1956) co-directed with Donen, was a musical satire on television and advertising, and includes his famous roller skate dance routine to "I Like Myself", and a dance trio with Michael Kidd and Dan Dailey which allowed Kelly to experiment with the widescreen possibilities of Cinemascope.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ When I think of Kelly's signature work, it's either as a solitary thinker or part of an all-male duo or trio (The Pirate, with The Nicholas Brothers; On the Town, with Frank Sinatra and Jules Munshin; Singin' in the Rain, with Donald O'Connor; and It's Always Fair Weather with Dan Dailey and Michael Kidd) where there's a delight in male competition and teamwork.
  • The Great Debate: Fred Astaire v. Gene Kelly | Philly | 11/12/2009 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: General]

.A modest success, it was followed by Kelly's last musical film for MGM, Les Girls (1957), in which he partnered a trio of leading ladies, Mitzi Gaynor, Kay Kendall and Taina Elg, fittingly ending, as he had begun, with a Cole Porter musical.^ Synopsis: Les Girls is the Rashomon of MGM musicals.
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Gene Kelly appeared as actor and dancer in the following musical films.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ A modest success, it was followed by Kelly's last musical film for MGM, Les Girls (1957), in which he partnered a trio of leading ladies, Mitzi Gaynor, Kay Kendall and Taina Elg, fittingly ending, as he had begun, with a Cole Porter musical.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.The third picture he completed was a co-production between MGM and himself, the B-movie The Happy Road, set in his beloved France, his first foray in his new role as producer-director-actor.^ The third picture he completed was a co-production between MGM and himself, the B-movie The Happy Road , set in his beloved France, his first foray in his new role as producer-director-actor.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Kelly also directed and starred in 1957's whimsical The Happy Road , but after headlining George Cukor 's Les Girls , MGM told him they had no more musicals planned for production, and he was freed from his contract.
  • Gene Kelly - Ask.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ But with Gene Kelly and Judy Garland in the leading roles of the 1948 filmization of The Pirate , the MGM production staff would have been drawn and quartered had there  Read More .
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

1958–1996: Years of perseverance

.Kelly did not return to stage work until his MGM contract ended in 1957, when in 1958 he directed Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical play Flower Drum Song.^ Kelly did not return to stage work until his MGM contract ended in 1957, when in 1958 he directed Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical play Flower Drum Song .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ After a fruitless search, Kelly returned to Pittsburgh, to his first position as a choreographer with the Charles Gaynor musical revue Hold Your Hats at the Pittsburgh Playhouse in April, 1938.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ I had an awful feeling that I was a tremendous flop" but the picture did well and, in the face of much internal resistance, Arthur Freed of MGM picked up the other half of Kelly's contract.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

[11] .Early in 1960 Kelly, an ardent Francophile and fluent French speaker, was invited by A. M. Julien, the general administrator of the Paris Opéra and Opéra-Comique,[2] to select his own material and create a modern ballet for the company, the first time an American received such an assignment.^ Early in 1960 Kelly, an ardent Francophile and fluent French speaker, was invited by A. M. Julien, the general administrator of the Paris Opra and Opra-Comique, [2] to select his own material and create a modern ballet for the company, the first time an American received such an assignment.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ We may from time to time, combine Information (as that term is defined below) with other information we collect from other sources, such as information received from our Parent Companies, Affiliates, marketing companies or Advertisers and, if we do so, our use of the resulting combined Information will be subject to this Privacy Policy.
  • Gene Kelly | SPIKE 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.The result was Pas de Dieux, based on Greek mythology combined with the music of George Gershwin's Concerto in F.^ The result was Pas de Dieux , based on Greek mythology combined with the music of George Gershwin 's Concerto in F .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.It was a major success, and led to his being honored with the Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur by the French Government.^ It was a major success, and led to his being honored with the Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur by the French Government.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ In France, Kelly was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

Kelly as Hornbeck in Inherit the Wind
.Kelly continued to make some film appearances, such as Hornbeck in the 1960 Hollywood production of Inherit the Wind.^ Kelly, Lew Films on Class Act: Make a Wish (1937) Pennies from Heaven (1936) Rainbow on the River (1936) .

^ As an actor and occasional director, Kelly shone in Brigadoon, Invitation to the Dance, Les Girls, Inherit the Wind and Hello Dolly (1969).
  • Gene Kelly DVDs, Gene Kelly DVD Rentals, Rent Gene Kelly Movies at Netflix Today 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.netflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Father Chuck O'Malley       ( 25 more ) Inherit the Wind (1960) ....
  • Gene Kelly (I) 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

.However, most of his efforts were now concentrated on film production and directing.^ However, most of his efforts were now concentrated on film production and directing.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He was stationed in the Photographic Section, Washington D.C., where he was involved in writing and directing a range of documentaries, and this stimulated his interest in the production side of film-making.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He directed Jackie Gleason in Gigot in Paris, but the film was subsequently drastically re-cut by Seven Arts Productions and flopped.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.He directed Jackie Gleason in Gigot in Paris, but the film was subsequently drastically recut by Seven Arts Productions and flopped.^ Synopsis: Jackie Gleason plays Gigot, a lumbering but lovable mute Parisian derelict.
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Gigot CAST: Lefebvre Jean , Dorziat Gabrielle , Kath Katherine , Marin Jacques , Kelly Gene , Gleason Jackie , Kelly Gene , YEAR: 1962 GENRE: Comedy , .

[4] .Another French effort, Jacques Demy's homage to the MGM musical: Les Demoiselles de Rochefort (1967) in which Kelly appeared, also performed poorly.^ Another French effort, Jacques Demy's homage to the MGM musical: Les Demoiselles de Rochefort (1967) in which Kelly appeared, also performed poorly.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Synopsis: Jacques Demy directed this frothy tribute to the Hollywood musicals of the 1940s, a follow-up to his earlier success The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964).
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Synopsis: Les Girls is the Rashomon of MGM musicals.
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.He appeared as himself in George Cukor's Let's Make Love (1960).^ He appeared as himself in George Cukor's Let's Make Love (1960).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Synopsis: Let's Make Love is a breezy comedy about an off Broadway musical production.
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Host Let's Make Love (1960) (uncredited) ....
  • Gene Kelly (I) 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

.His first foray into television was a documentary for NBC's Omnibus, Dancing is a Man's Game (1958) where he assembled a group of America's greatest sportsmen – including Mickey Mantle, Sugar Ray Robinson and Bob Cousy – and reinterpreted their moves choreographically, as part of his lifelong quest to remove the effeminate stereotype of the art of dance, while articulating the philosophy behind his dance style.^ His first foray into television was a documentary for NBC 's Omnibus , Dancing is a Man's Game (1958) where he assembled a group of America's greatest sportsmen – including Mickey Mantle, Sugar Ray Robinson and Bob Cousy – and reinterpreted their moves choreographically, as part of his lifelong quest to remove the effeminate stereotype of the art of dance, while articulating the philosophy behind his dance style.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Dance Magazine' s annual TV Award for Dancing: A Man's Game from the Omnibus television series.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ His innovations in dance style, imagery and production values put a fine polish on the art form that nearly brought the movie musical into mainstream cinema in the 1950s and 1960s.

[4] .It gained an Emmy nomination for choreography and now stands as the key document explaining Kelly's approach to modern dance.^ It gained an Emmy nomination for choreography and now stands as the key document explaining Kelly's approach to modern dance.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ It was also nominated for an Emmy for best choreography.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Only one of these pictures was a musical, Invitation to the Dance , a pet project of Kelly's to bring modern ballet to mainstream film audiences.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.Kelly also frequently appeared on television shows during the 1960s, but his one effort at television series, as Father Chuck O'Malley in Going My Way (1962–63), based on the Best Picture of 1944 starring Bing Crosby, was dropped after thirty episodes, although it enjoyed great popularity in Roman Catholic countries outside of the United States.^ Kelly also frequently appeared on television shows during the 1960s, but his one effort at television series, as Father Chuck O'Malley in Going My Way (1962–1963), based on the Best Picture of 1944 starring Bing Crosby , was dropped after thirty episodes, although it enjoyed great popularity in Roman Catholic countries outside of the United States.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ He was the third son of James Kelly, a phonograph salesman, and Harriet Curran, who were both children of Irish Roman Catholic immigrants.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Synopsis: As co-hosted by Gene Kelly and Kathryn Crosby (the wife of Bing Crosby), this exclusive video compilation presents priceless back-to-back clips from many of Bing's Christmas specials that aired from the early 1960s through the late 1970s.
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

[4] .He also appeared in three major TV specials: New York, New York (1966), The Julie Andrews Show (1965), and Jack and the Beanstalk (1967) a show he produced and directed which returned to a combination of cartoon animation with live dance, winning him an Emmy Award for Outstanding Children's Program.^ Tony Akron, OH Wish I had a chance to see him live in a show.

^ Helen Kane  (1904 - 1966) Given name: Helen Schroeder; born in The Bronx, New York.

^ Gene answered to me in english in 1966, after I sent him a letter in french, as I was not managing wellenglish at the time.This shows how sweet the man was and cared about his friends!

.In 1963, Kelly joined Universal Pictures for a two-year stint which proved to be the most unproductive of his career so far.^ A new two-CD career retrospective, Flying High, appeared there late last year.

.He joined 20th Century Fox in 1965, but had little to do – partly due to his decision to decline assignments away from Los Angeles for family reasons.^ He joined 20th Century Fox in 1965, but had little to do – partly due to his decision to decline assignments away from Los Angeles for family reasons.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

His perseverance finally paid off with the major box-office hit A Guide for the Married Man (1967) where he directed Walter Matthau and a major opportunity arose when Fox – buoyed by the returns from The Sound of Music (1965) – commissioned Kelly to direct Hello, Dolly! (1969), again directing Matthau along with Barbra Streisand, but which unfortunately failed to recoup the enormous production expenses.
.In 1970, he made another TV special: Gene Kelly and 50 Girls and was invited to bring the show to Las Vegas, which he duly did for an eight-week stint – on condition he be paid more than any artist had hitherto been paid there.^ In 1970, he made another TV special: Gene Kelly and 50 Girls and was invited to bring the show to Las Vegas, which he duly did for an eight-week stint – on condition he be paid more than any artist had hitherto been paid there.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Dancer, actor, director, choreographer; Gene Kelly perhaps did more than any other single person to shape the Hollywood movie musical during the 1940s and 1950s.

^ Gene Kelly was the subject of a two-week film festival in France.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

[4] .He directed veteran actors James Stewart and Henry Fonda in the comedy western The Cheyenne Social Club (1970) which performed very well at the box-office.^ Synopsis: James Stewart and Henry Fonda star in this light-hearted western comedy, directed by Gene Kelly .
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ (Host, 1974) 40 Carats (1973) The Cheyenne Social Club (1970) Hello, Dolly!

^ In 1870 Texas, John O' Hanlan ( James Stewart ), an itinerant cowboy, receives a letter notifying him that he has inherited a business establishment called the Cheyenne Social Club in Cheyenne, Wyoming.  Read More .
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.In 1973 he would work again with Frank Sinatra as part of Sinatra's Emmy nominated TV special Ol' Blue Eyes Is Back.^ In 1973 he would work again with Frank Sinatra as part of Sinatra's Emmy nominated TV special Ol' Blue Eyes Is Back .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Turn back the clock to the heyday of film musicals with Judy Garland , Frank Sinatra, Gene Kelly, Fred Astaire, and other Hollwood greats.
  • Gene Kelly News - Topix 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Frank Sinatra: Ol' Blue Eyes Is Back .
  • Gene Kelly - Ask.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

Then, in 1974, he appeared as one of many special narrators in the surprise hit of the year That's Entertainment! and subsequently directed and co-starred with his friend Fred Astaire in the sequel That's Entertainment, Part II (1976). .It was a measure of his powers of persuasion that he managed to coax the 77-year-old Astaire – who had insisted that his contract rule out any dancing, having long since retired – into performing a series of song and dance duets, evoking a powerful nostalgia for the glory days of the American musical film.^ It was a measure of his powers of persuasion that he managed to coax the seventy-seven year old Astaire – who had insisted that his contract rule out any dancing, having long since retired – into performing a series of song and dance duets, evoking a powerful nostalgia for the glory days of the American musical film.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ The film was considered so weak that Kelly was asked to design and insert a series of dance routines, and his ability to carry off such assignments was noticed.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Views 0 Comments Likes: 0 The wife of an English nobleman writes a scandalous account of her days as a member of a famous song-and-dance team and gets slapped with a lawsuit,...
  • Gene Kelly | SPIKE 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.Kelly continued to make frequent TV appearances and in 1980, appeared in an acting and dancing role opposite Olivia Newton John in Xanadu (1980), an expensive theatrical flop which has since attained a cult following.^ Kelly continued to make frequent TV appearances and in 1980, appeared in an acting and dancing role opposite Olivia Newton John in Xanadu (1980), a bizarre and expensive flop which has since attained a cult following.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ It was now Kelly's turn to ask the studio for a straight acting role and he took the lead role in the early mafia melodrama: The Black Hand (1949).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Despite the fact that Xanadu , the 1980 movie musical starring Olivia Newton-John as a roller-skating muse to struggling artist Michael Beck and the legendary Gene Kelly in a reprisal of sorts of his role in 1944's Cover Girl .
  • Gene Kelly News - Topix 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .In Kelly's opinion "The concept was marvelous but it just didn't come off."^ In Kelly's opinion "The concept was marvelous but it just didn't come off."
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

[2] .In the same year, he was invited by Francis Ford Coppola to recruit a production staff for American Zoetrope's One from the Heart (1982).^ In the same year, he was invited by Francis Ford Coppola to recruit a production staff for American Zoetrope's One from the Heart (1982).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

.Although Coppola's ambition was for him to establish a production unit to rival the Freed Unit at MGM, the film's failure put an end to this idea.^ Although Coppola's ambition was for him to establish a production unit to rival the Freed Unit at MGM, the film's failure put an end to this idea.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ Kelly also directed and starred in 1957's whimsical The Happy Road , but after headlining George Cukor 's Les Girls , MGM told him they had no more musicals planned for production, and he was freed from his contract.
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^ At the insistence of producer Arthur Freed, MGM bought out the remainder of Kelly's Selznick contract, and cast him in the 1943 war drama Pilot No.
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[4] In 1985, Kelly served as executive producer and co-host of That's Dancing! – a celebration of the history of dance in the American musical. After his final on-screen appearance introducing That's Entertainment! .III in 1994, his final film project was the animated movie Cats Don't Dance, released in 1997 and dedicated to him, on which Kelly acted as uncredited choreographic consultant.^ III in 1994, his final film project was the animated movie Cats Don't Dance , released in 1997 and dedicated to him, on which Kelly acted as uncredited choreographic consultant.
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^ He made his final film appearance in That's Entertainment III (1994).
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^ Kelly, Fred   (1916 - 2000) Given name: Fredric Norbert Kelly Brother of Gene Kelly (below) Films on Class Act: Deep in My Heart (1954) .

Working methods and influence on filmed dance

.When he began his collaborative film work, he was heavily influenced by Robert Alton and John Murray Anderson, striving to create moods and character insight with his dances.^ When he began his collaborative film work, he was heavily influenced by Robert Alton and John Murray Anderson, striving to create moods and character insight with his dances.
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^ Working methods and influence on filmed dance .
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^ According to Delamater, Kelly's work "seems to represent the fulfillment of dance-film integration in the 1940s and 1950s".
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.He choreographed his own movement, along with that of the ensemble, with the assistance of Jeanne Coyne, Stanley Donen, Carol Haney, and Alex Romero.^ He choreographed his own movement, along with that of the ensemble, with the assistance of Jeanne Coyne, Stanley Donen, Carol Haney, and Alex Romero.
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^ Stanley Donen, brought to Hollywood by Kelly to be his assistant choreographer, received co-director credit for On the Town .
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^ I needed one to watch my performance, and one to work with the cameraman on the timing..without such people as Stanley, Carol Haney and Jeanne Coyne I could never have done these things.
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[1] .He experimented with lighting, camera techniques and special effects in order to achieve true integration of dance with film, and was one of the first to use split screens, double images, live action with animation and is credited as the person who made the ballet form commercially acceptable to film audiences.^ That rings true to Joe Meyers, who first met Clark in the fifth grade at Our Lady of Lourdes School in Raytown and later went on to form a band with Clark that they called the Sharks.

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  • Gene Kelly | SPIKE 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ All orders placed over $500.00 (U.S.) must obtain pre-approval with an acceptable method of payment, as established by our credit and authorization policies and practices in effect at the time of your order.
  • Gene Kelly | SPIKE 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

[1]
.There was a clear progression in his development, from an early concentration on tap and musical comedy style to greater complexity using ballet and modern dance forms.^ His innovations in dance style, imagery and production values put a fine polish on the art form that nearly brought the movie musical into mainstream cinema in the 1950s and 1960s.

[12] .Kelly himself refused to categorize his style: "I don't have a name for my style of dancing...It's certainly hybrid...I've borrowed from the modern dance, from the classical, and certainly from the American folk dance - tap-dancing, jitterbugging...But I have tried to develop a style which is indigenous to the environment in which I was reared."^ Kelly himself refused to categorize his style: "I don't have a name for my style of dancing...It's certainly hybrid...I've borrowed from the modern dance, from the classical, and certainly from the American folk dance - tap-dancing, jitterbugging...But I have tried to develop a style which is indigenous to the environment in which I was reared."
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^ Kelly, Fred   (1916 - 2000) Given name: Fredric Norbert Kelly Brother of Gene Kelly (below) Films on Class Act: Deep in My Heart (1954) .

^ Kelly returned to dance on his own initiative and by then was an accomplished sportsman and well able to take care of himself.
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[12] .He especially acknowledged the influence of George M. Cohan: "I have a lot of Cohan in me.^ He especially acknowledged the influence of George M. Cohan : "I have a lot of Cohan in me.
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.It's an Irish quality, a jaw-jutting, up-on-the-toes cockiness - which is a good quality for a male dancer to have."^ It's an Irish quality, a jaw-jutting, up-on-the-toes cockiness - which is a good quality for a male dancer to have."
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[2] .He was also heavily influenced by an African-American dancer Dancing Dotson, who he saw at Loew's Penn.^ This lavish adaptation of the Lerner and Loewe Broadway musical stars Gene Kelly as an American tourist who  Read More .
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Theatre around 1929, and was briefly taught by Frank Harrington, an African-American tap specialist from New York.[13] .However, his main interest was in ballet, which he studied under Kotchetovsky in the early Thirties.^ However, his main interest was in ballet, which he studied under Kotchetovsky in the early Thirties.
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.As biographer Clive Hirschhorn explains: "As a child he used to run for miles through parks and streets and woods - anywhere, just as long as he could feel the wind against his body and through his hair.^ As biographer Clive Hirschhorn explains: "As a child he used to run for miles through parks and streets and woods - anywhere, just as long as he could feel the wind against his body and through his hair.
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.Ballet gave him the same feeling of exhilaration, and in 1933 he was convinced it was the most satisfying form of self-expression."^ Ballet gave him the same feeling of exhilaration, and in 1933 he was convinced it was the most satisfying form of self-expression."
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[4] .He also studied Spanish dancing under Angel Cansino, Rita Hayworth's uncle.^ He also studied Spanish dancing under Angel Cansino, Rita Hayworth's uncle.
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[4] .Generally speaking, he tended to use tap and other popular dance idioms to express joy and exuberance – as in the title song from Singin' in the Rain or "I Got Rhythm" from An American in Paris, whereas pensive or romantic feelings were more often expressed via ballet or modern dance, as in "Heather on the Hill" from Brigadoon or "Our Love Is Here to Stay" from An American in Paris.^ Generally speaking, he tended to use tap and other popular dance idioms to express joy and exuberance – as in the title song from Singin' in the Rain or "I Got Rhythm" from An American in Paris , whereas pensive or romantic feelings were more often expressed via ballet or modern dance, as in "Heather on the Hill" from Brigadoon or "Our Love Is Here to Stay" from An American in Paris .
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^ Singin' in the Rain featured Kelly's celebrated and much imitated solo dance routine to the title song, along with the "Moses Supposes" routine with Donald O'Connor and the "Broadway Melody" finale with Cyd Charisse, and while it did not initially generate the same enthusiasm as An American in Paris , it subsequently overtook the earlier film to occupy its current pre-eminent place among critics and filmgoers alike.
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^ There followed in quick succession two musicals which have secured Kelly's reputation as a major force in the American musical film, An American in Paris (1951) and – probably the most popular and admired of all film musicals – Singin' in the Rain (1952).
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[12]
.According to Delamater, Kelly's work "seems to represent the fulfillment of dance-film integration in the 1940s and 1950s". While Fred Astaire had revolutionized the filming of dance in the 1930s by insisting on full-figure photography of dancers while allowing only a modest degree of camera movement, Kelly freed up the camera, making greater use of space, camera movement, camera angles and editing, creating a partnership between dance movement and camera movement without sacrificing full-figure framing.^ Astaire represented refinement; Kelly, athleticism.

^ While Fred Astaire had revolutionized the filming of dance in the 1930s by insisting on full-figure photography of dancers while allowing only a modest degree of camera movement, Kelly freed up the camera, making greater use of space, camera movement, camera angles and editing, creating a partnership between dance movement and camera movement without sacrificing full-figure framing.
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^ According to Delamater, Kelly's work "seems to represent the fulfillment of dance-film integration in the 1940s and 1950s".
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.Kelly's reasoning behind this was that he felt the kinetic force of live dance often evaporated when brought to film, and he sought to partially overcome this by involving the camera in movement and giving the dancer a greater number of directions in which to move.^ Kelly's reasoning behind this was that he felt the kinetic force of live dance often evaporated when brought to film, and he sought to partially overcome this by involving the camera in movement and giving the dancer a greater number of directions in which to move.
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^ While Fred Astaire had revolutionized the filming of dance in the 1930s by insisting on full-figure photography of dancers while allowing only a modest degree of camera movement, Kelly freed up the camera, making greater use of space, camera movement, camera angles and editing, creating a partnership between dance movement and camera movement without sacrificing full-figure framing.
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^ In 1951, he summed up his vision as follows: "If the camera is to make a contribution at all to dance, this must be the focal point of its contribution; the fluid background, giving each spectator an undistorted and altogether similar view of dancer and background.
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Examples of this abound in Kelly's work and are well illustrated in the "Prehistoric Man" sequence from On the Town and "The Hat My Father Wore on St. Patrick's Day" from Take Me Out to the Ball Game.[12] .In 1951, he summed up his vision as follows: "If the camera is to make a contribution at all to dance, this must be the focal point of its contribution; the fluid background, giving each spectator an undistorted and altogether similar view of dancer and background.^ In 1951, he summed up his vision as follows: "If the camera is to make a contribution at all to dance, this must be the focal point of its contribution; the fluid background, giving each spectator an undistorted and altogether similar view of dancer and background.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ While Fred Astaire had revolutionized the filming of dance in the 1930s by insisting on full-figure photography of dancers while allowing only a modest degree of camera movement, Kelly freed up the camera, making greater use of space, camera movement, camera angles and editing, creating a partnership between dance movement and camera movement without sacrificing full-figure framing.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

^ To accomplish this, the camera is made fluid, moving with the dancer, so that the lens becomes the eye of the spectator, your eye ".
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To accomplish this, the camera is made fluid, moving with the dancer, so that the lens becomes the eye of the spectator, your eye".[1]
Kelly in rehearsal with Sugar Ray Robinson and assistant Jeanne Coyne in the NBC Omnibus television special Dancing is a Man's Game (1958)
Kelly's athleticism gave his moves a distinctive broad, muscular quality,[12] and this was a very deliberate choice on his part, as he explained: "There's a strong link between sports and dancing, and my own dancing springs from my early days as an athlete...I think dancing is a man's game and if he does it well he does it better than a woman."[2] He railed against what he saw as the widespread effeminacy in male dancing which, in his opinion, "tragically" stigmatized the genre, alienating boys from entering the field: "Dancing does attract effeminate young men. .I don't object to that as long as they don't dance effeminately.^ I don't object to that as long as they don't dance effeminately.
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.I just say that if a man dances effeminately he dances badly — just as if a woman comes out on stage and starts to sing bass.^ I just say that if a man dances effeminately he dances badly — just as if a woman comes out on stage and starts to sing bass.
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^ "He talked so often about getting a home and property out here in the Midwest where he could just get away from it all, but he never did it," Jeanne Clark says.

^ This kid come up and says 'Is there a chance of you working out with me little a bit?'
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Unfortunately people confuse gracefulness with softness. John Wayne is a graceful man and so are some of the great ball players...but, of course, they don't run the risk of being called sissies."[2] In his view, "one of our problems is that so much dancing is taught by women. You can spot many male dancers who have this tuition by their arm movements — they are soft, limp and feminine."[2] .He acknowledged that, in spite of his efforts — in TV programs such as Dancing: A Man's Game (1958) for example — the situation changed little over the years.^ A Guide for the Married Man (1967) Jack and the Beanstalk (1967) (TV) American in Paris (1964) (TV) Gigot (1962) The Tunnel of Love (1958) The Happy Road (1957) ...
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^ Himself (1 episode, 1958)     - Dancing: A Man's Game (1958) TV episode ....
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[2]
.He also sought to break from the class-conscious conventions of the 1930s and early 40s, when top hat and tails or tuxedos were the norm, by dancing in casual or everyday work clothes, so as to make his dancing more relevant to the cinema-going public.^ Very popular with the movie-going public in the 1930s.

As his first wife, actress and dancer Betsy Blair explained: "A sailor suit or his white socks and loafers, or the T-shirts on his muscular torso, gave everyone the feeling that he was a regular guy, and perhaps they too could express love and joy by dancing in the street or stomping through puddles...he democratized the dance in movies."[14] In particular, he wanted to create a completely different image from that associated with Fred Astaire, not least because he believed his physique didn't suit such refined elegance: "I used to envy his cool aristocratic style, so intimate and contained. .Fred wears top hat and tails to the manor born — I put them on and look like a truck driver."^ Himself Fred Astaire: Puttin' on His Top Hat (1980) (TV) ....
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[2]

Personal life

.Kelly was married to Betsy Blair for 15 years (1941–1957) and they had one child, Kerry.^ Kelly and Barbara Laage play single parents with one child each.
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^ I was 15 years old and my Dad dropped me off at the Big Barn in Salinas, California in November of 1957.

Blair divorced Kelly in 1957. In 1960, Kelly married his choreographic assistant Jeanne Coyne, who had divorced Stanley Donen in 1949 after a brief marriage. .He remained married to Coyne from 1960 until her death in 1973 and they had two children, Bridget and Tim.^ Married to Rex Harrison from 1957 until her death from leukemia in 1959.

He was married to Patricia Ward from 1990 until his death in 1996.
.Gene Kelly was a lifelong Democratic Party supporter with strong progressive convictions, which occasionally created difficulty for him as his period of greatest prominence coincided with the McCarthy era in the U.S. In 1947, he was part of the Committee for the First Amendment, the Hollywood delegation which flew to Washington to protest at the first official hearings by the House Committee on Un-American Activities.^ Synopsis: Though completed in 1950, Love Is Better Than Ever was held back from release until 1952, due in great part to the "political undesirability" of star Larry Parks , whose career was effectively ruined after he humbled himself before the House Un-American Activities Committee.
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^ Famed producer David O Selznick signed Gene to his first Hollywood contract...
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^ This lavish adaptation of the Lerner and Loewe Broadway musical stars Gene Kelly as an American tourist who  Read More .
  • Gene Kelly Filmography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.His first wife, Betsy Blair, was suspected of being a Communist sympathizer and when MGM, who had offered Blair a part in Marty (1955), were considering withdrawing her under pressure from the American Legion, Kelly successfully threatened MGM with a pullout from It's Always Fair Weather unless his wife was restored to the part.^ Kidd, Michael Choreographer; on-screen appearances: Films on Class Act: It's Always Fair Weather (1955) .

^ La route joyeuse (France) Invitation to the Dance (1956) It's Always Fair Weather (1955) Singin' in the Rain (1952) On the Town (1949) Miscellaneous Crew: .
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^ Sinbad It's Always Fair Weather (1955) ....
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[4][15] He used his position on the board of directors of the Writers Guild of America, West on a number of occasions to mediate disputes between unions and the Hollywood studios, and although he was frequently accused by some on the right of championing the unions, he was valued by the studios as an effective mediator.
A gregarious and highly articulate individual, he retained a lifelong passion for sports and relished competition. .He was known as a big fan of the New York Yankees.^ I became a Gene Vincent fan growing up in Hastings on Hudson, New York & like everyone back then tried to sing like Gene.

^ During an April 1963 engagement at the Latin Quarter in New York, the act was billed as the "big band of folk music.

With his first wife, he organized weekly parties at their Beverly Hills home which were renowned for an intensely competitive and physical version of charades, known as "The Game".[15]
Kelly died in his sleep at 8.15 a.m. on .February 2, 1996, in Beverly Hills, California at the age of 83, after a stroke – he had also suffered a stroke the year before.^ February 1996 , Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California, USA more Mini Biography: .
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His body was cremated the same day and he had left instructions that there was to be no funeral and no memorial services.[16] Kelly's papers are currently housed at the Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center at Boston University.

Awards and honors

Plaque honoring Gene Kelly at his alma mater, the University of Pittsburgh
  • 1946 – Academy Award nomination for Best Actor in Anchors Aweigh (1945).
  • 1952 – Honorary Academy Award "in appreciation of his versatility as an actor, singer, director and dancer, and specifically for his brilliant achievements in the art of choreography on film." This Oscar was lost in a fire in 1983 and replaced at the 1984 Academy Awards.
  • 1956 – Golden Bear at the 6th Berlin International Film Festival for Invitation to the Dance.[17]
  • .
  • 1958 – Nomination for Golden Laurel Award for Best Male Musical Performance in Les Girls.
  • 1958 – Dance Magazine's annual TV Award for Dancing: A Man's Game from the Omnibus television series.^ The Best of Gene Kelly (UK: video box title) The 57th Annual Academy Awards (1985) (TV) ....
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    ^ TV series awards titles for sale by genre by keyword power search credited with tv schedule Biographical .
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    ^ Pretty pony-tailed girls, all dancing to the bop, On Bandstand, where the music don't ever stop!

    It was also nominated for an Emmy for best choreography.
  • 1960 – In France, Kelly was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor.
  • 1962 – Gene Kelly Dance Film Festival staged by the Museum of Modern Art.
  • 1964 – Silver Sail Best Actor for What a Way to Go! (1964) at the Locarno International Film Festival.
  • 1967 – Emmy for Outstanding Children's Program for Jack and the Beanstalk.
  • 1970 – Nomination for Golden Globe, Best Director for Hello, Dolly!, 1969.
  • 1981 – Cecil B. DeMille Award at Golden Globes.
  • 1981 – Gene Kelly was the subject of a two-week film festival in France.
  • 1982 – Lifetime Achievement Award in the fifth annual Kennedy Center Honors.
  • 1985 – Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute.
  • 1989 – Life Achievement Award from Screen Actors Guild.
  • 1991 – University of Pittsburgh inaugurates The Gene Kelly Awards, given annually to high school musicals in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
  • 1992 – Induction into the Theater Hall of Fame.
  • 1994 – National Medal of Arts awarded by United States President Bill Clinton.
  • 1994 – The Three Tenors performed Singin' in the Rain in his presence during a concert at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.
  • 1996 – Honorary César Award The César is the main national film award in France.
  • 1996 – At the Academy Awards ceremony, director Quincy Jones organised a tribute to the just-deceased Kelly, in which Savion Glover performed the dance to "Singin' in the Rain".
  • 1997 – Ranked #26 in Empire (UK) magazine's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list.
  • 1999 – Ranked #15 in the American Film Institute's "Greatest Legends" list.

Work

Filmography

Musical films

.Gene Kelly appeared as actor and dancer in the following musical films.^ Dancer, actor, director, choreographer; Gene Kelly perhaps did more than any other single person to shape the Hollywood movie musical during the 1940s and 1950s.

^ Kelly, Fred   (1916 - 2000) Given name: Fredric Norbert Kelly Brother of Gene Kelly (below) Films on Class Act: Deep in My Heart (1954) .

^ This lavish adaptation of the Lerner and Loewe Broadway musical stars Gene Kelly as an American tourist who  Read More .
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He always choreographed his own dance routines, and often the dance routines of others, and often used assistants. As was the practice at the time, he was rarely formally credited in the film titles:[1]
Year Film Role Notes
1942 For Me and My Gal Harry Palmer
1943 Du Barry Was a Lady Alec Howe/Black Arrow
Thousands Cheer Private Eddie Marsh
1944 Cover Girl Danny McGuire
1945 Anchors Aweigh Joseph Brady Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Ziegfeld Follies Gentleman in 'The Babbit and the Bromide'
1947 Living in a Big Way Leo Gogarty
1948 The Pirate Serafin
Words and Music Himself
1949 Take Me Out to the Ball Game Eddie O'Brien
On the Town Gabey
1950 Summer Stock Joe D. Ross
1951 An American in Paris Jerry Mulligan Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1952 Singin' in the Rain Don Lockwood
1954 Brigadoon Tommy Albright
Deep in My Heart Specialty in 'Dancing Around'
1955 It's Always Fair Weather Ted Riley
1956 Invitation to the Dance Host/Pierrot/The Marine/Sinbad
1957 Les Girls Barry Nichols
1960 Let's Make Love Himself
1964 What a Way to Go! Pinky Benson
1966 Les Demoiselles de Rochefort Andy Miller
1974 That's Entertainment! Himself (also archive footage)
1976 That's Entertainment, Part II Himself (also archive footage)
1980 Xanadu Danny McGuire

Stage

Dates Title Role Notes
November 9, 1938 - July 15, 1939 Leave It to Me! Secretary to Mr. Goodhue
February 4, 1939 - May 27, 1939 One for the Money various roles
October 25, 1939 - April 6, 1940 The Time of Your Life Harry
September 23, 1940 - October 19, 1940 The Time of Your Life Harry
December 25, 1940 - November 29, 1941 Pal Joey Joey Evans
October 1, 1941 - July 4, 1942 Best Foot Forward Choreography
December 1, 1958 - May 7, 1960 Flower Drum Song Director
February 22, 1979 - April 1, 1979 Coquelico Producer
July 2, 1985 - May 18, 1986 Singin' in the Rain Original film choreography
Nominated — Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography

Television

Year Title Role Notes
1958 Dancing: A Man's Game Himself Omnibus
1962-1963 Going My Way Father Chuck O'Malley (30 episodes)
1965 Gene Kelly: New York, New York Himself
The Julie Andrews Show Himself
1967 Jack and the Beanstalk Jeremy Keen, Proprietor (Peddler) Emmy Award for Best Children's Program
1971 The Funny Side Himself Series host
1973 Frank Sinatra: Ol' Blue Eyes is Back Himself
1978 Gene Kelly: An American in Pasadena Himself
1980 Muppet Show Himself
1985 North and South Senator Charles Edwards
1986 Sins Eric Hovland

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Billman, Larry (1997). Film Choreographers and Dance Directors. North Carolina: McFarland and Company. pp. 374–376. ISBN 0899508685. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Thomas, Tony (1991). The Films of Gene Kelly - Song and Dance Man. New York, NY: Carol Publishing Group. ISBN 0806505435. 
  3. ^ http://www.straphaelelementaryschool.net/alumni.html
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Hirschhorn, Clive (1984). Gene Kelly - a Biography. London: W.H. Allen. ISBN 0491031823. 
  5. ^ cf. Hirschhorn, p.33.
  6. ^ Later examples of this human/animated character pas de deux include Paula Abdul opposite an animated cat in her "Opposites Attract" video, and Kelly dancing with Stewie Griffin in the episode "Road to Rupert" from the Family Guy series.
  7. ^ According to Blair, p.111, he directed Jocelyn Brando in a semi-documentary about war-wounded veterans.
  8. ^ Astaire, Fred (1959). Steps in Time. London: Heinemann. pp. 291. ISBN 0-241-11749-6. 
  9. ^ Blair, p.104: "Gene was the central creative force in this initial collaboration, but he was always generous about Stanley's contribution...Unfortunately, and mysteriously for me, Stanley, over the years, had been less than gracious about Gene"
  10. ^ In 1994, Kurt Browning, in an ice skating interpretation of "Singin' in the Rain" on his television special You Must Remember This. In 2005, Kelly's widow gave permission for Volkswagen to use his likeness to promote the Golf GTi car. The advertisement, shown only outside the US, used CGI to mix footage of Gene Kelly, from Singin' in the Rain, with footage of professional breakdancer David Elsewhere.
  11. ^ In an episode foreshadowing his later conflicts with the studio, Elia Kazan in the late 1940s offered Kelly the role of Biff in Death of a Salesman on Broadway, but MGM refused to release him. cf. Blair, p.112
  12. ^ a b c d e Delamater, Jerome (2004). "Gene Kelly". International Encyclopedia of Dance. vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 38–40. 
  13. ^ cf. Hirschhorn, p.25,26: "What impressed Gene was the originality of the man's [Dotson's] dancing, as it was quite unlike anything he'd seen before. The tricks Dotson was doing were absolutely fresh. He went back to see that act a couple of times, and admitted pinching several steps for his own use...Just as he had done with Dotson, Gene made up his mind to 'steal' as much as he could from numerous touring shows...both he and Fred were absolutely shameless when it came to pilfering, and very good at it."
  14. ^ Blair, p.176
  15. ^ a b Blair, Betsy (2004). The Memory of All That. London: Elliott & Thompson. ISBN 190402730X. 
  16. ^ cf. Blair, p.8: "Kerry later told me that they all felt as if she [Patricia Ward, Kelly's wife at the time of his death] 'threw him away - as if he were garbage to be incinerated and thrown away. There aren't even any ashes'. His children, who loved him, never even got to say goodbye to their father. It would have saddened and, I imagine, enraged him because he loved his children deeply."
  17. ^ "6th Berlin International Film Festival: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1956/03_preistraeger_1956/03_Preistraeger_1956.html. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912February 2, 1996), better known as Gene Kelly, was an American dancer, actor, singer, director, producer, and choreographer.^ Gene Kelly died February 2, 1996, at the age of 83.
  • Gene Kelly | Biography, Photos, Movies, TV, Credits | Hollywood.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.hollywood.com [Source type: General]
  • Gene Kelly - Ask.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]
  • Gene Kelly - Blockbuster Online 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.blockbuster.com [Source type: General]
  • Gene Kelly - Who's Who in RCA VideoDisc 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.cedmagic.com [Source type: General]

^ Gene Kelly was a famous tap dancer.
  • WikiAnswers - Who is Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ This is a masterfully done retrospective of Mr. Kelly's career as actor, dancer, choreographer and director.
  • http://authors.aspalliance.com/aspxtreme/shop/product.aspx?asin=B00006FDCQ 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC authors.aspalliance.com [Source type: General]

Unsourced

.
  • At 14, I discovered girls.^ Thoughts by Gene Kelly: "At 14, I discovered girls.
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    .At that time, dancing was the only way you could put your arm around the girl.^ At that time, dancing was the only way you could put your arm around the girl.
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    ^ With the exception of a brief partnership while hosting the anthology THAT'S ENTERTAINMENT, PART II (1974), "Bromide" marked the only time Fred and Gene danced together on film.

    ^ If I remember correctly that scene and one other show like 30 years later, are the only times they *did* dance together.
    • FARK.com: (4861580) The best clip of a man tapdancing in roller skates you'll see all day; of course, that man is Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Dancing was courtship. .Only later did I discover that you dance joy.^ If I remember correctly that scene and one other show like 30 years later, are the only times they *did* dance together.
    • FARK.com: (4861580) The best clip of a man tapdancing in roller skates you'll see all day; of course, that man is Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Gene's athletic prowess later proved beneficial in a way he probably did not expect - in dancing.
    • Gene Kelly 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .You dance love.^ You dance love.
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    .You dance dreams.
  • Fred Astaire represented the aristocracy, I represented the proletariat.
  • I didn't want to be a dancer...^ You dance dreams.
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In particular, he wanted to create a completely different image from that associated with Fred Astaire, not least because he believed his physique didn't suit such refined elegance: "I used to envy his cool aristocratic style, so intimate and contained.
    • Radio Swiss Jazz - Gene Kelly - Biography 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

    ^ He created art with his feet, and he was more appealing to watch to dance because it was smooth, high class or elegant like Fred Astaire many times.
    • Gene Kelly - Reviews on RateItAll 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.rateitall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .I just did it to work my way through college.^ I just did it to work my way through college.
    • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    ^ My daughter did a paper on it for college and got a good grade.
    • http://authors.aspalliance.com/aspxtreme/shop/product.aspx?asin=B00006FDCQ 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC authors.aspalliance.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I made it through the summer with calmness and confidence, and actually found myself enjoying my work.
    • What one person learned from Gene Kelly - CSMonitor.com 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.csmonitor.com [Source type: News]

    .But I was always an athlete and gymnast, so it came naturally.
  • I [was] twenty pounds overweight and as strong as an ox.^ But I was always an athlete and gymnast, so it came naturally."
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "I [was] twenty pounds overweight and as strong as an ox.
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    .But if I put on a white tails and tux like Astaire, I still looked like a truck driver...^ But if I put on a white tails and tux like Astaire, I still looked like a truck driver...
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The only dancer in the movies at that time with any success was Fred Astaire, but he did very small, elegant steps in a top hat, white tie and tails.
    • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ We along with all other patrons safely evacuated, and it looked like the fire did not spread, but fire trucks were still rolling a half hour after the first alarm," he said.
    • Palo Alto Online : 1944 Gene Kelly film burns at Stanford Theatre 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.paloaltoonline.com [Source type: General]

    .I looked better in a sweatshirt and loafers anyway.^ I was too big physically for that kind of dancing, and I looked better in a sweatshirt and loafers anyway.
    • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I looked better in a sweatshirt & loafers anyway.
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    It wasn't elegant, but it was me.
  • In the 1930s, when I started, Martha Graham was the only dancer doing anything modern, but she did it all to classical music.^ "In the 1930s, when I started, Martha Graham was the only dancer doing anything modern, but she did it all to classical music.
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Fred Astaire became a star in the 1930s.
    • Astaire or Kelly: A Generation Apart « IndianAuteur 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.indianauteur.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Related Searches: fred astaire , musicals .
    • Amazon.ca: Gene Kelly: DVD 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.amazon.ca [Source type: General]

    .I couldn't see myself doing Swan Lake every night, and I wanted to develop a truly American style.^ I couldn't see myself doing Swan Lake every night, and I wanted to develop a truly American style.
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I couldn't see myself doing 'Swan Lake' every night, and I wanted to develop a truly American style.
    • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    .The only dancer in the movies at that time with any success was Fred Astaire, but he did very small, elegant steps in a top hat, white tie, and tails.
  • The way I look at a musical, you are commenting on the human condition no matter what you do.^ The only dancer in the movies at that time with any success was Fred Astaire, but he did very small, elegant steps in a top hat, white tie and tails.
    • Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "The way I look at a musical, you are commenting on the human condition no matter what you do.
    • PrincessMonkey.com : Gene Kelly Tribute at Sunset and Camden ¦ By Shaili 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.princessmonkey.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In those movies, he worked with another great dancer, Fred Astaire.
    • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America_����Ӣ����ѧ�� 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.wwenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Gene Kelly, 1912-1996: His Movies Made Dance Popular in America 10 January 2010 6:37 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: General]

    A musical may be light and frivolous, but by its very nature, it makes some kind of social comment.

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Simple English

Gene Kelly
Born Eugene Curran Kelly
August 23, 1912
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Died February 2, 1996 (aged 83)
Beverly Hills, California
Years active 1942 - 1985
Spouse Betsy Blair (1941-1957)
Jeanne Coyne (1960-1973)
Patricia Ward (1990-1996)

Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912February 2, 1996), better known as Gene Kelly, was an American dancer, actor, singer, director, producer, and choreographer.

Kelly was a great example of 20th century filmed dance, famous for his energetic and athletic dancing style, his good looks and the likeable characters that he played on screen. Although he is probably most famous today for his act in Singin' in the Rain, he was the most important actor in the Hollywood musical film industry from the mid 1940s until its decadence in the late 1950s. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Kelly among the Greatest Male Stars of All Time, ranking at No. 15.

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