General Santos City: Wikis


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Coordinates: 6°7′N 125°10′E / 6.117°N 125.167°E / 6.117; 125.167

General Santos City
Lungsod ng Heneral Santos
Dakbayan sa Heneral Santos
—  City  —
Pioneer Avenue

Nickname(s): Tuna Capital of the World
Motto: Magandang GenSan
Map of South Cotabato showing the location of General Santos City.
General Santos City is located in Philippines
General Santos City
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 6°7′N 125°10′E / 6.117°N 125.167°E / 6.117; 125.167
Country  Philippines
Province South Cotabato
Districts 1st District of South Cotabato
Barangays 26
Incorporated (town) 1948
Incorporated (city) 1968
 - Mayor Pedro Acharon Jr. (NPC) (2007-2010)
 - Vice Mayor Flor Congson (NPC)(2007-2010)
 - District Representative Rep. Darlene Antonino-Custodio(NPC) (2007-2010)
 - Total 492.86 km2 (190.3 sq mi)
Elevation 15.0 m (49 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 529,542
 - Density 1,074.43/km2 (2,782.8/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 83
Website GenSan Local Govt Site GenSan News Online Mag

The City of General Santos [1] (abbreviated G.S.C. or Gensan.; Filipino: Lungsod ng Heneral Santos, Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Heneral Santos) is a city in the Philippines. Situated in the southern part of the country, in the province of South Cotabato. The city has a population of 535,747 as of 2007, making it as one of the most populous cities in the Philippines.

General Santos City is bounded by three municipalities of Sarangani Province and two municipalities of South Cotabato, namely Alabel, Malungon, Maasim, Polomolok and T'boli. The city's economy is primarily agro-industrial. As a component of the SOCCSKSARGEN growth area, it has contributed much to the area's emergence as the country's leading producer of major commodities. Due to its rich soil, good rainfall and typhoon-free climate, the area is the largest producer of corn, coconuts, copra, pineapples, asparagus and rice. The area also produces other high value crops such as exotic fruits, potatoes, vegetables, cut flowers and okra. It accounts for the largest daily total of fish landings in the country and is the leading producer of sashimi grade tuna. Residents boast that fish and seafood do not come fresher than in their city.

The city is a three time awardee for the "Most Competitive City" in the Philippines for the years 1999-2000 (all cities category) 2000-2001 (mid-sized category) and 2007 (mid-sized category)



On February 27, 1939, General Paulino Santos led the first and largest batch of settlers organized under the National Land Settlement Administration to the shores of Sarangani Bay. The 62 pioneers, who mostly came from Luzon, industriously tilled Cotabato's fertile expanse of land. After this first influx of pioneers, thousands more from Luzon and Visayas migrated into the area. This started the displacement of some of the native B'laan to the mountains and lost their livelihood. The B'laan people are the original settlers of the area once called Dadiangas for thousands of years. They live in a nomadic system in the area, where the names of the places are still recalled. One name is Dadiangas, the native word name of the tree specifically grown in the area. Under Indigenous Peoples Right Act IPRA law RA 8371, now they were protected and it is proven under the Philippine jurisprudence of the Supreme Court. Now the B'laan people live side by side and with harmony to the settlers and other immigrants from small islands in Visayas and Luzon.

In January 1948, by virtue of Republic Act No. 82, Buayan District became a full-fledged municipality whose territorial boundaries included the present municipalities of Sarangani and South Cotabato Provinces, namely Alabel, Glan, Malapatan, Malungon and Polomolok. NLSA Hospital Administrator Irineo I. Santiago became its first mayor.

Six years later, in June 1954, the Municipality of Buayan was renamed General Santos as a tribute to its great pioneer. This was made possible by Republic Act No. 1107 authored by Congressman Luminog Mangelen of Cotabato Province.

From 1963 to 1967, during the incumbency of Mayor Lucio A. Velayo, an upsurge in the municipality's economy was experienced as several large agri-based corporations such as Dole Philippines, General Milling Corporation and UDAGRI expanded into the area. Although it was then qualified to become a fourth class city, the residents rejected a move by Congressman Salipada Pendatun to convert General Santos into a city and to rename it Rajah Buayan.

Finally, on July 8, 1968, upon approval of Republic Act No. 5412, which was authored by then late Congressman James L. Chiongbian, the Municipality of General Santos was converted into a city while keeping its name. It was inaugurated on September 5 of that year. Antonio C. Acharon became its first city mayor. In 1988, two decades after its inauguration, it was declared as a highly urbanized city.




General Santos City lies at the southern part of the Philippines. It is located at 6°7'N 125°10'E. The city is southeast of Manila, southeast of Cebu and southwest of Davao. The municipalities of Alabel, Malungon and Maasim of Sarangani Province and the municipalities of Polomolok and T'boli of South Cotabato surround the city. Fertile agricultural lands at 17,489 hectares are 32.63% of the city's total land area.


General Santos City is politically subdivided into 26 barangays.

  • Apopong
  • Baluan
  • Batomelong
  • Rajah Buayan
  • Bula
  • Calumpang
  • City Heights
  • Conel
  • Dadiangas East (Pob.)
  • Dadiangas North
  • Dadiangas South
  • Dadiangas West
  • Fatima
  • Katangawan
  • Labangal
  • Lagao (1st & 3rd)
  • Ligaya
  • Mabuhay
  • Olympog
  • San Isidro (Lagao 2nd)
  • San Jose
  • Siguel
  • Sinawal
  • Tambler
  • Tinagacan
  • Upper Labay


General Santos City International Airport
Makar Wharf

The city serves as the inbound destination for the sights, sounds and culture of SOCCSKSARGEN. Air, sea and land transport provides easy access to the key cities in the Philippines. The city is base to the Philippines' second largest airport-in-area and has one of the most modern seaports in the country.

  • Air

The General Santos International Airport is the largest Airport in Mindanao., It has a 3,227-meter runway capable of handling wide-bodied jets like Airbus 340 and Boeing 747. This puts almost all key cities in the Philippines. It currently handles direct flights to Manila and Cebu through Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific.

  • Sea

The Makar Wharf is considered one of the best in the country. With a 740-meter docking length and a 19-meter width, the wharf connects the City to destinations within and outside the Philippines. Negros Navigation, WG&A and Sulpicio Lines provide the route while Indonesian shipping lines contribute their GenSan-Indonesian route for passenger and cargo traffic.

  • Land

Inbound and around SOCCSKSARGEN land travel is a fast and convenient ride. With more than 400 passenger buses and jeepneys wielding routes within, to and from the growth region, getting to your place of destination is a comfort. Tricycles - three wheeled motorcycles with side-cars, are the City's main mode of land transportation and has been in the road since the pioneering times. Air-conditioned taxis and rent-a-cars are also readily available. The Pan-Philippine Highway links GenSan to other Major cities in Mindanao and to the rest of the philippines.

Infrastructure and Economy

The presence of major economic infrastructure support facilities provide the city an edge in terms of comparative advantage due to its standards that are comparable to international benchmarks.


The world class Fishport Complex has a 750-meter quay, 300-meter wharf for 2,000 GT reefer carriers, corned tuna, refrigeration facilities with 1,500 cold storage capacity, 60 tons/day ice plant, brine, air blast and contact freezers.

Tuna Export in General Santos City‎


  • Power

Abundant power supply provided by SOCOTECO II retailer of The National Power Corporation.

  • Water

Clean and safe water supply provided by GSC Water District. Baranagay Water And Sanitation


Modern and digital communication offered by major telecommunication companies. The availability of Internet Service Providers serve also as major key to be top of the domestic and international businesses.


There are 125 banks operating in the city composed of 66 commercial banks, 10 savings banks, 8 cooperative and 9 rural banks in 2008. Aside from this, there are 49 pawnshops providing emergency loan assistance and 48 lending institutions.

General Santos City registered 31,505 new medium to large enterprises in 2008. Aggregate investment involved is estimated to be around P 11.899 billion, generating 17,361 new employees. Of the total investments, 76.03% were for social and personal services, 19.77% in wholesale/retail trade business, 8.38% were in manufacturing while the least at 0.02% were invested in mining & quarrying.

Television Networks


Mindanao State University - General Santos City
Notre Dame of Dadiangas University

General Santos City is the center of education of Region XII. The city houses two universities and numerous educational institutions. The Mindanao State University-General Santos is the first university in the city and the Notre Dame of Dadiangas University is the first private university in the city.

The University of Santo Tomas has been developing a new campus in Barangay Ligaya, General Santos City (along with UST-Santa Rosa, Laguna, UST-Sri Lanka and UST-Mongolia) to be completed and operational by 2011. It is inline with the University's Quadricentennial celebration. With a land area of 800,000 sq.m (80 Hectares), this will be the largest UST Campus in terms of land area.

Tertiary Schools



  • Notre Dame-Sienna College of General Santos City(ND-SCGSC)
  • ACLC College-General Santos City
  • Mindanao Polytechnic College(MPC)
  • Holy Trinity College(HTC)
  • Golden State College(GSC)
  • Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Colleges(RMMC)
  • AMA Computer College(AMACoC)
  • STI College(STIC)
  • ACA Sargen Foundation, Inc. (ASFI)
  • General Santos Doctors' Foundation College Inc.(GSDF)
  • Brokenshire College-General Santos(BS-GSC)
  • General Santos Foundation College Inc.(GFI)
  • South Ranex College(SRC)
  • Cronasia Foundation College (CFC)
  • International Computer Access Program Foundation Inc.(ICAP)
  • Joji Ilagan Career Foundation Inc.(JIC-FI)
  • South Ranex College (SRC)

Secondary Schools

Private Schools

  • General Santos Hope Christian School(GSHCS)
  • Notre Dame of Dadiangas University-Integrated Basic Education Department(NDDU-IBED)
  • Notre Dame of Lagao(NDL)
  • Notre Dame of General Santos City(ND-GSC)
  • Notre Dame-Sienna College of General Santos City High School Department(ND-SCGSC)
  • The Quantum Academy, Inc. of General Santos City(TQAI-GSC)
  • Holy Trinity College-High School Department(HTC-HS)
  • New Era University-General Santos City(NEU-GSC)
  • Stratford International School Foundation Inc.(SIS)
  • Chong Hua High School(CHHS)
  • Shalom Crest Wizard Academy(SCWA)

Public Schools

  • Mindanao State University-College of Education Training Department(MSU-CETD)
  • Lagao National High School(LNHS)
  • Banisil National High School
  • General Santos City High School(GSCHS)
  • General Santos City SPED Integrated School (GSC SPED IS)
  • Ireneo National High School(INHS)
  • Fatima National High School(FNHS)
  • Labangal National High School(LNHS)


Down the southern tip of Mindanao, expanding from the basin of Sarangani Bay, lies the City of General Santos - a fortress of modern amenities that is endowed with the beauty of nature and diverse cultures abound. Is a gateway in discovering the boundless beauty of SOCCSKSARGEN Growth Region.


The Tuna City pampers its guest with tons and tons of TUNA and other fish delights that gave birth to several eating institutions. Wide range of dining establishments pop-up right into the heart of the city which can fill your cravings with satisfaction beyond capacity with a variety of Mindanaoan, Filipino, Asian and Western delicacies. Fresh-from-the-catch seafood and right-from-the-harvest agricultural products have perfectly matched to make a savory and sumptuous array of dishes in its various food outlets and restaurants.

Topping the list of must-eats are TUNA and OPAH("Dayana"), two of the best sellers among local celebrities, which come served as the exciting SUTUKIL:SUGBA (Charcoal-boiled in special sauce, dipped in the requisite Toyomansi), TULA (Soup in ginger, onion, lemon grass, pechay and tomatoes), and KINILAW (Fresh cuts in vinegar, shallots, cucumber and pepper).


Big tuna float during Gensan's Tuna Festival‎

General Santos City celebrates Kalilangan Festival every February 'Kalilangan' means festival, festivity or jubilee. It is a social gathering marked by exchanging of amenities among traditional leaders, elders, allies and subordinates in varying tones. In a broader perspective, Kalilang projects a positive and dynamic meaning for it engulfs the artistic, humane and altruistic aspects of social interaction that takes place in any occasion or celebration. Kalilangan is a noble tradition. It is a complete work of art nourished and nurtured by rich cultural heritage that has withstand the test of time from generation to generation.

It is also a pageantry of unique and colorful ethnic rites, rituals and traditions like marriage celebrations, religious ceremonies, anniversaries, funerals, enthronement of royal dignitaries, thanksgiving and other forms of social, political and economic activities.

It is not just an economic activity, but a continuous season of merriment, gaiety and merrymaking accentuated by sharing of gifts, traditional sports competition, dancing, singing and instrumental rendition and other forms of exhibition games, entertainment and amusement.

Every September a part of the charter celebration. General Santos City is known as the Tuna Capital of the Philippines. Thanksgiving and festivities are being celebrated annually through its Tuna Festival. Focusing on its main industries. Tuna Float is an awesome event to taste also sumptuous tuna treats during the Tuna Culinary Contest.

The city of General Santos proposed to be set in a metropolitan status due to income and population.

Kalaja Eco-tourism Destination

Located 15 km at the North East side of General Santos City, at Barangay Conel, Kalaja Karsts Land derived her name from “Kalaha” or frying pot due to the surrounding towers of karsts formation made millions of years ago. It produced waterfalls and caves. Opposite to this area were the Ranch (camping ground) of Nopol Hills which borders Conel and Brgy. Mabuhay. The place offers wide view of Gensan, Sarangani Bay and some parts of South Cotabato and Sarangani Province.

During World War II, Gen. Santos City become one of the last frontiers between the American, Filipino and Japanese forces. Japanese retreating forces made Kalaja Karsts Land as their last ground for defenses, constructing round cemented bunkers and tunnels. Today, one can still see bunkers at Sitio Guadalupe but unfortunately for the tunnels, most were deformed and even destroyed by treasure hunters and land developers.

External links

Largest cities in the Philippines
Rank City Region Population Rank City Region Population


1 Quezon City National Capital 2,679,450 11 Dasmariñas Region IV-A 556,330
2 Manila National Capital 1,660,714 12 Cagayan de Oro Region X 553,966
3 Caloocan National Capital 1,378,856 13 Parañaque National Capital 552,660
4 Davao City Region XI 1,363,337 14 Las Piñas National Capital 532,330
5 Cebu City Region VII 798,809 15 General Santos Region XII 529,542
6 Zamboanga City Region IX 774,407 16 Makati National Capital 510,383
7 Antipolo Region IV-A 633,971 17 Bacolod Region VI 499,497
8 Pasig National Capital 617,301 18 Muntinlupa National Capital 452,493
9 Taguig National Capital 613,343 19 San Jose del Monte Region III 439,090
10 Valenzuela National Capital 568,928 20 Marikina National Capital 424,610
Philippines 2007 Census

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : Southeast Asia : Philippines : Mindanao : Soccsksargen : General Santos City

General Santos City[1] or "GenSan" is in the province of South Cotabato in the Philippines. It is a highly urbanized city located at the southern portion of South Cotabato. It is known as "The Tuna Capital of the Philippines". General Santos is also home to a lot of media practitioners and media companies.


Cebuano and Ilonggo are the main dialect spoken in the city. Filipino based on Tagalog is spoken as the National Language. English is also widely used.


Average temperature in the city is 28 degrees Celcius with a maximum of 36 degrees celcius. There are only two seasons. Wet season starts on June to October. The Dry season starts on November to May. The city is outside the typhoon belt.

Religion and Culture

People from GenSan are mostly Roman Catholics. There are also a large number of Protestants and Muslims in the city.

Every February, the city celebrates the Kalilangan Festival. And every September as also the celebration of the city chartered anniversary the Gensan Tuna Festival.

Get in

By plane

General Santos is served by the General Santos International Airport, the second largest airport in the country. It has daily flights to/from Manila and Cebu.

  • Philippine Airlines [2] - flag carrier
  • Cebu Pacific [3] - 2nd flag carrier - budget airline
  • Air Philippines [4] - budget airline
  • PAL Express [5] - budget airline (PAL subsidiary)

By boat

GenSan Seaport has frequent boat trips to and from Manila, Cebu and iloilo

  • Super Ferry [6]
  • Negros Navigation [7]
  • Sulpicio Lines [8]
  • Yellow Bus Lines - travels for Davao City, Koronadal City and the Upper Valley areas
  • Holiday Bus - travels to Davao City and Koronadal City
  • Husky Lines - travels to Koronadal City and Cotabato City

Get around

Jeepneys, Multi Cab and the Tricycle are the main mode of transportation within the city. White, air-con taxis with meters installed are also available.

  • Majestic Mt. Matutum located north of the city.
  • Wonderful and Fascinating Kalaja Karst.
  • Diving at south divers point
  • Beach at Gumasa 120 minutes away from General Santos
  • Golf at Sarangani Golf Club (Sarangani Province) or Kalasangi Golf Club (Polomolok)
  • Bee Stop Restaurant (Bee), Santiago Boulevard GSC (In front of Gillamacs Building). A place where the best garlic, buttered and fried chicken can be found. Come and enjoy eating at BEE......  edit
  • Sarangani Highlands, Tambler, General Santos City.  edit
  • Fagioli, Petron Gasoline Station, Jose Catolico Ave., Lagao, General Santos City. if you just want to relax & have coffee. ideal time to visit will be during mid-afternoons when it isn't crowded. nice ambiance. you can bring along your laptop as the whole place is WI-FI enabled. they serve delicious "food for the gods."  edit
  • Chicken Hauz, South Osmeña, General Santos City. very casual atmosphere but if you try out their famous "garlic chicken", you will crave for more...  edit
  • Mang Gorio's Bahay Kainan, National Highway, General Santos City.  edit
  • Paseo del Sol, National Highway, General Santos City.  edit
  • Ranchero, National Highway, General Santos City.  edit
  • La Veranda, National Highway, General Santos City.  edit
  • Grab-A-Crab, Laurel East Ave., General Santos City.  edit
  • Orange Bistro, Jose Catolico Ave., Lagao, General Santos City.  edit
  • Casa Goatan, Bulaong Subdivision, General Santos City, 5524199.  edit
  • Tatay Pepe's Restobar, along Laurel East Street ((in front of Bayantel Office)), 3022555, [9]. Taste our specialties like Nilagpang,Gulami and our Sizzlers! We do chicken best too- fried or buttered- crispy on the outside and soft and juicy on the inside, truly a mouth-watering delight!  edit
  • bee stop chicken house (bee), santiago boulevard (general santos city). Bee Stop is serving a delicious garlic chicken in town. also available: buttered and fried chicken. Come and enjoy eating at BEE STOP restaurant  edit
  • Goldenstate College Cafeteria, Bakeshoppe and Catering Service, Pioneer ave corner Acharon boulevard general santos city, 554 5545. food center,bakery,bakeshoppe,and catering service   edit
  • Rolands Steak House, Jose Catolico Ave. Lagao. Rolands serve the very best steak in the whole of GenSan city. Well worth a visit. Casual atmosphere but the service is good.  edit
  • Nelsons Market, General Santos City. Good Seafood and tuna  edit
  • Janna's Inasal de Cebu, National Highway, General Santos City. The best tasting lechon in town  edit
  • Tatay Pepe's Restobar, along Laurel East Street (in front of Bayantel Office), 3022555, [10]. 7pm-1am. Enjoy live entertainment NIGHTLY, rain or shine- beginning 9:30pm to 1:00am with acoustic modern, alternative and contemporary music and a little bit of love songs. Listen to our highly-acclaimed music selection in between jamming sets…  edit
  • East Asia Royale Hotel, National Highway, General Santos City, [11]. checkin: 9/21/009; checkout: 9/28/009.  edit
  • Family Country Hotel, DBP Compound, General Santos City.  edit
  • Sydney Hotel, Pendatun Ave., General Santos City, aldrin.  edit
  • Phela Grande Hotel, Pres. Quezon Ave., General Santos City.  edit
  • Miriam's Pension, General Santos City.  edit
  • Anchor Hotel.  edit
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