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Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Generalife viewed from the Alhambra
State Party  Spain
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iii, iv
Reference 314
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1984  (8th Session)
Extensions 1994
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

The Palacio de Generalife (Arabic: Jannat al-'Arif‎ - Architect's Garden) was the summer palace and country estate of the Nasrid sultans of Granada.

The palace and gardens were built during the reign of Muhammad III (1302-1309) and redecorated shortly after by Abu I-Walid Isma'il (1313-1324).

The Court of la Acequia.
View of the Court del ciprés de la sultana.

The complex consists of the Patio de la Acequia (Court of the Water Channel or Water-Garden Courtyard), which has a long pool framed by flowerbeds, fountains, colonnades and pavilions, and the Jardín de la Sultana (Sultana's Garden or Courtyard of the Cypress). The former is thought to best preserve the style of the medieval garden in Al-Andalus. Originally the palace was linked to the Alhambra by a covered walkway across the ravine that now divides them. The Generalife is one of the oldest surviving Moorish gardens.[1]

The present-day gardens were started in 1931 and completed by Francisco Prieto Moreno in 1951. The walkways are paved in traditional Granadian style with a mosaic of pebbles: white ones from the River Darro and black ones from the River Genil.[2]

References

A window of the Generalife.
  1. ^ Burton, Rosemary and Cavendish, Richard (2003). Wonders of the World: 100 Great Man-Made Treasures of Civilization. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., ISBN 1-58663-751-7, p.27.
  2. ^ Núñez, J. Agustín (Ed.). (2002). Muslim and Christian Granada. Edilux. ISBN 84-95856-07-7.

There is an imitation of part of the Generalife at Roundhay Park in Leeds, UK.

See also

External links

Coordinates: 37°10′37″N 3°35′07″W / 37.17694°N 3.58528°W / 37.17694; -3.58528

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