Genesee County, New York: Wikis

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Genesee County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Genesee County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Seat Batavia
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

495 sq mi (1,282 km²)

1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.25%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

60,370
122/sq mi (47/km²)
Founded March 30, 1802
Website www.co.genesee.ny.us

Genesee County is a county located in Western New York, United States. As of the 2000 census, the population was 60,370.[1] Its name is from the Seneca Indian word Gen-nis'-hee-yo meaning "The Beautiful Valley."[2] Its county seat is Batavia.

Contents

History

County pre-history of man goes back to the Ice Age 10,000 to 12,000 years ago at the Hiscock Site, in Byron, New York. Mastodon jaw, tusks and teeth, bones, tools, ceramics, metal and leather from this era has been unearthed there. This site in Genesee County is considered among North America’s most important for archaeological artifacts from the Ice Age.[3][4]

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Genesee County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in order to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery.

All of the land of present day Genesee County was part of the Holland Land Purchase in 1793 and was sold through the Holland Land Company's office in Batavia, starting in 1801. All of the land in Western New York was in the newly created Genesee County, and all of that was in the single Town of Batavia.

Genesee County was created by a Partition of 7,100 square miles (18,000 km2) of land from Ontario County. The County wasn’t fully organized so it remained under the supervision of Ontario County until it achieved full organization and separation during March 1803 [5].

On 1806-04-07, Genesee’s area was reduced to 5,550 square miles (14,400 km2) due to a partition that created Allegany County [6].

On 1808-03-08, Genesee’s area was again reduced, this time to 1,650 square miles (4,300 km2) due to a partition that created Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, and Niagara Counties [7].

On 1821-02-23, Genesee’s area was again reduced, this time to 1,450 square miles (3,800 km2) due a complex partition that produced Livingston [8]. and Monroe Counties [9].

On 1825-04-15, another partition reduced Genesee’s area to 1,030 square miles (2,700 km2) in the creation of Orleans County [10][11].

On 1826-05-01, the Orleans partition was again surveyed, with 10 square miles (26 km2) of land along the western half of the Orleans/Genesee border returned to Genesee [12].

On 1841-05-19, Genesee’s area was again reduced, this time to the 500 square miles (1,300 km2) it remains to this day due to the partitioning to create Wyoming County [13].

In 2009, the City and Town of Batavia began exploring ways to merge or consolidate governmental systems.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 495 square miles (1,283 km²), of which, 494 square miles (1,280 km²) of it is land and 1 square miles (3 km²) of it (0.25%) is water.

Genesee County is east of the city of Buffalo and southwest of the city of Rochester in the western portion of New York State.

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Adjacent counties

Major highways

Genesee County watersheds[14]

National protected area

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1810 12,588
1820 58,093 361.5%
1830 52,147 −10.2%
1840 59,587 14.3%
1850 28,488 −52.2%
1860 32,189 13.0%
1870 31,606 −1.8%
1880 32,806 3.8%
1890 33,265 1.4%
1900 34,561 3.9%
1910 37,615 8.8%
1920 37,976 1.0%
1930 44,468 17.1%
1940 44,481 0%
1950 47,584 7.0%
1960 53,994 13.5%
1970 58,722 8.8%
1980 59,400 1.2%
1990 60,060 1.1%
2000 60,370 0.5%
Est. 2007[15] 58,122 −3.7%
Source[16]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 60,370 people, 22,770 households, and 15,825 families residing in the county. The population density was 122 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 24,190 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile (19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.69% White, 2.13% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.0% were of German, 15.2% Italian, 13.5% English, 13.1% Irish, 8.9% Polish and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000 [2]. 96.5% spoke English and 1.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 22,770 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The U.S. Census in 2000 showed the county had a 63.7% employment rate and 2.9% were unemployed. The median income for a household in the county was $40,542, and the median income for a family was $47,771. Males had a median income of $34,430 versus $23,788 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,498. About 5.60% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.00% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Cities, towns, and villages[19]

  • Label in parentheses indicates official governmental level.

Indian reservations

Federal and state lands

County parks[20]

  • Genesee County Park and Forest consists of 430 acres (1.7 km2) of forest and rolling hills.
  • DeWitt Recreation Area is a 63-acre (250,000 m2) park that includes a 38-acre (150,000 m2) pond.

Educational institutions

The county has 8 public school districts:

  • Alexander Central School District
  • Batavia City School District
  • Byron-Bergen Central School District
  • Elba Central School District
  • LeRoy Central School District
  • Oakfield-Alabama Central School District
  • Pavilion Central School District
  • Pembroke Central School District

Several private schools at the primary and secondary levels are also maintained:

  • St. Joseph Elementary School, Batavia, NY
  • Notre Dame High School, Batavia, NY
  • St. Paul Lutheran School, Batavia, NY
  • Mary's Grace School, Batavia, NY
  • Genesee Christian Academy, Batavia, NY
  • Holy Family School, LeRoy, NY

Genesee Community College has its main campus in the Town of Batavia.

See also

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, State & County QuickFacts, Genesee County, New York
  2. ^ THE AMERICAN REVIEW; A WHIG JOURNAL DEVOTED TO POLITICS, LITERATURE, ART AND SCIENCE. VOL. VI NEW-YORK: GEORGE H. COLTON, 118 NASSAU STREET, Published 1847, Wiley and Putnam, p. 628.[1]
  3. ^ Geology The Buffalo Museum of Science, Retrieved on 2007-12-05
  4. ^ Excavation pit at the Byron Dig The Buffalo Museum of Science, Retrieved on 2007-12-05
  5. ^ New York. Laws of New York.:1802, 25th Session, Chapter 64, Page 97.
  6. ^ New York. Laws of New York.:1806, 29th Session, Chapter 162, Section 1, Page 604.
  7. ^ New York. Laws of New York.:1808, 31st Session, Chapter 15, Page 254.
  8. ^ New York. Laws of New York.:1820, 44th Session, Chapter 58, Section 1, Page 50.
  9. ^ New York. Laws of New York.:1820, 44th Session, Chapter 57, Section 1, Page 46.
  10. ^ New York. Laws of New York.:1824, 47th Session, Chapter 266, Section 1, Page 326.
  11. ^ New York. Laws of New York.:1825, 48th Session, Chapter 181, Sections 1 & 2, Page 273.
  12. ^ New York. Laws of New York.:1826, 49th Session, Chapter 269, Page 302.
  13. ^ New York. Laws of New York.:1841, 64th Session, Chapter 196, Section 1, Page 169.
  14. ^ Genesee County All Hazard Multi-Jurisdictional Mitigation Plan, Chapter 4 Maps (1st Draft, May 2007)(See Watersheds-Genesee County, NY, Map 5), Genesee/Finger Lakes Regional Planning Council
  15. ^ Population Estimates as of July 1, 2007 by U.S. Census Bureau
  16. ^ New York State Department of Economic Development
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  18. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000, Genesee County, New York
  19. ^ Community Page, Genesee County, NY
  20. ^ Genesee County Park and Forest

External links

Coordinates: 43°00′N 78°11′W / 43.00°N 78.19°W / 43.00; -78.19


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Genesee County, New York
Map
File:Map of New York highlighting Genesee County.png
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1802
Seat Batavia
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.25%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

60370
Website: www.co.genesee.ny.us

Genesee County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 60,370. Its name is from a Seneca Indian word meaning "good valley." Its county seat is Batavia.

Contents

History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Genesee County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in order to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery.

All of the land of present day Genesee County was part of the Holland Land Purchase in 1793 and was sold through the Holland Land Company's office in Batavia, starting in 1801.

Genesee County was created by a splitting of Ontario County in 1802. This was much larger than the present Genesee County, however.

In 1806, Allegany County was created from Genesee County.

In 1808, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, and Niagara Counties were created from Genesee County. Niagara County at that time also included the present Erie County.

In 1821, portions of Genesee County were combined with portions of Ontario County to create Livingston and Monroe Counties.

In 1824, Orleans County was created from Genesee County.

In 1841, Wyoming County was created from Genesee County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,283 km² (495 sq mi). 1,280 km² (494 sq mi) of it is land and 3 km² (1 sq mi) of it (0.25%) is water.

Genesee County is in the western portion of the state, east of Buffalo and southwest of Rochester.

Tonawanda Creek and Oatka Creek flow through the town.

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 60,370 people, 22,770 households, and 15,825 families residing in the county. The population density was 47/km² (122/sq mi). There were 24,190 housing units at an average density of 19/km² (49/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 94.69% White, 2.13% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.0% were of German, 15.2% Italian, 13.5% English, 13.1% Irish, 8.9% Polish and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 22,770 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,542, and the median income for a family was $47,771. Males had a median income of $34,430 versus $23,788 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,498. About 5.60% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.00% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, towns, and villages

  • Label in parentheses indicates official governmental level.

Indian reservations

Federal and state lands

Educational institutions

The county has 8 public school districts:

  • Alexander Central School District
  • Batavia City School District
  • Byron-Bergen Central School District
  • Elba Central School District
  • LeRoy Central School District
  • Oakfield-Alabama Central School District
  • Pavilion Central School District
  • Pembroke Central School District

Several private schools at the primary and secondary levels are also maintained:

  • St. Joseph Elementary School, Batavia, NY
  • Notre Dame High School, Batavia, NY
  • St. Paul Lutheran School, Batavia, NY
  • Mary's Grace School, Batavia, NY
  • Genesee Christian Academy, Batavia, NY
  • Holy Family School, LeRoy, NY

Genesee Community College has its main campus in the Town of Batavia.

External links

Coordinates: 43°00′N 78°11′W / 43.00, -78.19


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Genesee County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Genesee County, New YorkRDF feed
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County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 New York  +
Short name Genesee County  +

This article uses material from the "Genesee County, New York" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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