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Not to be confused with gender.
.A genre (pronounced /ˈʒɑːnrə/, also /ˈdʒɑːnrə/; from French, genre /ʒɑ̃ʀ/, "kind" or "sort", from Latin: genus (stem gener-), Greek: genos, γένος) is a loose set of criteria for a category of composition; the term is often used to categorize literature and speech, but is also used for any other form of art or utterance.^ The term "genre" is used in a double sense.
  • APOCALYPTIC AS GENRE 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC faculty.bbc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Genre is a word from the French which means "category".

^ In literature, film, and other media, genres are generally seen as flexible.
  • : Genre Prescripts 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC english.ttu.edu [Source type: General]

.Genres are vague categories with no fixed boundaries, they are formed by sets of conventions, and many works cross into multiple genres by way of borrowing and recombining these conventions.^ These conventions vary from genre to genre.
  • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

^ Many works also cross into multiple genres.

^ Authors are writing multi-genre works in many categories.
  • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

.The scope of the word "genre" is sometimes confined to art and culture, particularly literature and music, but it has a long history in rhetoric as well.^ Groups of visitors delve into music and words on this large-format interactive table to explore the diversity of the musical landscape and the interconnections between musical genres.
  • Second Story | Music Genres Table 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.secondstory.com [Source type: General]

^ (Bordwell 1989, 148) While some genres are based on story content (the war film), other are borrowed from literature (comedy, melodrama) or from other media (the musical).

^ This digest focuses on the different types of literature--literary genres--and particularly on the folktale.
  • Helping Children Understand Literary Genres. ERIC Digest. 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ericdigests.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In genre studies the concept of genre is not compared to originality.^ The Many Genres of Anime by Jareth David (originally written as a study guide for tour guides for the My Reality exhibit.

^ This same concept of "species" or "groups" of imitative forms can be used in study and analysis of television genres.
  • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

.Rather, all works are recognized as either reflecting on or participating in the conventions of genre.^ See main article convention By definition, works of a given genre follow, more or less, the conventions of that genre.
  • Genre fiction 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC jahsonic.com [Source type: General]

^ Many familiar document types have evolved over decades or even centuries of use to give rise to the highly conventional forms that are instantly recognized as being of a type or genre.
  • Genres and the Web: Is the personal home page the first uniquely digital genre? 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.ischool.utexas.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But to make all this assembling, searching, reusing, customizing, and personalizing go smoothly, you, as the writer, must work within the confines of a genre .
  • Patterns: Writing within a genre -- Web Writing that Works 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.webwritingthatworks.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Subgenre and hybrid forms

.Genres are often divided into subgenres.^ By beginning with the interaction required by the game's primary objective, we can start to divide the wide variety of video games into a series of interactive genres.

^ We can say that we divide literary works into genres as a way of classifying them into particular categories.
  • ReadWriteThink: Lesson Plan: Genre Study: A Collaborative Approach 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.readwritethink.org [Source type: General]

^ Both types may be further divided into genres.

.Literature, for example, is divided into three basic kinds of literature, which are the classic genres of Ancient Greece: poetry, drama, and prose.^ For example, Fiction can be divided into poetry, drama (plays), or prose (ordinary writing).
  • ReadWriteThink: Lesson Plan: Genre Study: A Collaborative Approach 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.readwritethink.org [Source type: General]

^ Yes No Pros: Very cool genre, I love the dark mysteriousness Cons: Kind of outdated and often cheesy plotlines # 5 Drama film .
  • Movie Genre - Hunch 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC hunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Poems and drama are important genres that introduce children to verse, prose, rhythm, rhyme, writing styles, literary devices, symbolism, analogies, and metaphors.

.Poetry may then be subdivided into epic, lyric, and drama it is also the theme or idea of a story.^ For example, Fiction can be divided into poetry, drama (plays), or prose (ordinary writing).
  • ReadWriteThink: Lesson Plan: Genre Study: A Collaborative Approach 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.readwritethink.org [Source type: General]

^ These are lyric , drama , and epic , and they are distinguished by "manner of imitation," that is, by how the characters and the action are presented.

^ In his essay The Idea of Genre in the American Cinema , Ed Buscombe lists three areas in which genre elements may appear in film: iconography, structure and theme.

Genre and audiences

.Although genres are not precisely definable, genre considerations are one of the most important factors in determining what a person will see or read.^ A scene starts with one person in one genre.
  • Improv Games Featuring Genres : Genre Rollercoaster, Genre Replay, Genre Date . . . - 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.genreguru.com [Source type: General]

^ While a genre is defined by Price as, A familiar pattern, a way of organizing information, I have found through reading this chapter that a genre can be a variety of things and even be changed itself.
  • RachelPrichard: Genre: More Than Meets The Eye 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC blogs.setonhill.edu [Source type: General]

^ These are just half-sheets of paper with the names of the different reading genres that we have studied (see pictures below).
  • Name That Genre! - Archived Teacher Blog: Mrs. Newingham's Blog - Scholastic Community 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC community.scholastic.com [Source type: General]

.Many genres have built-in audiences and corresponding publications that support them, such as magazines and websites.^ In systems rooted in public support, additional genres may be supplied for smaller audiences and more specialized groups, and non-formulaic presentations may provide a greater portion of the scheduled offerings without regard to costs.
  • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

^ Are there spin-offs from the book, such as feature articles they could write, or short stories that could come out in magazines at the time of publication?

^ Such concerns are also central within the television industry, which in many ways is organized according to genre.
  • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

.Books and movies that are difficult to categorize into a genre are likely to be less successful commercially.^ Films that are difficult to categorize into a genre are often less successful.

^ Games like most other forms of media are categorized into genres based on gamepla y, atmosphere and various other factors.
  • What is genre? - A Word Definition From the Webopedia Computer Dictionary 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.webopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Genre Guru is the only internet resource catering for improvisers who want to improve their knowledge of movie, TV, radio, theater and book genres.
  • Acting Secrets for Improvising Movie Genres | Improv Games | Improv Comedy | Improv Acting - GenreGuru 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC genreguru.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term may be used in categorising web pages, like "newspage" and "fanpage", with both very different layout, audience, and intention.^ Use of this Web site is subject to its Terms of Use .
  • Genre Fiction Book Reviews - Horror, Historical, Action & Adventure - Library Journal 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.libraryjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ Very serious social issues such as AIDS, abortion, health care, and crime have been explored in "comedies" and the mixtures of expectations and outcomes require audiences to adopt a different relationship with both the topics and the genre.
  • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

^ If we want several different communities to use our pages, are the answers to these questions similar or different for each?
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some search engines like Vivísimo try to group found web pages into automated categories in an attempt to show various genres the search hits might fit.^ Q: What are some examples of genre responses I might try out?
  • English 101: Genre Responses 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.csuchico.edu [Source type: General]

^ Show Top 100 Various Genres .
  • Various Genres, a progressive rock music sub-genre 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.progarchives.com [Source type: General]

^ If there is a website you have found useful in your genre studies and do not see it listed, please e-mail Mr. Yunker to have the site added to the Media Center Web Page!
  • Genre Resources - Genre Resources 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.lc-ps.org [Source type: General]

Genre in visual arts

.The term genre is much used in the history and criticism of visual art, but in art history has meanings that overlap rather confusingly.^ The concept allowed critics to evaluate highly works of American genre cinema that were otherwise dismissed in favor of the developing European art cinema.
  • Part 1: Basic Terms 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC classes.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
  • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

^ A very useful tool for finding more specific reference works in all genres of music, with a heavy emphasis on Western art music.
  • Music | Subject Guides | The University of Arizona University Libraries 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.library.arizona.edu [Source type: General]

.Genre painting is a term for paintings where the main subject features human figures to whom no specific identity attaches - in other words, figures are not portraits, characters from a story, or allegorical personifications.^ Mystery is a genre, for example; mystery books are stories that have a puzzle (usually involving a crime) you try to figure out.

^ The horror genre always has the main antagonist as some sort of 'monster' wether in the literal sense or in the slightly more subtle human 'monster' such as a psychotic murderer.
  • genre@Everything2.com 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Genre painting is the depiction of subjects and scenes from everyday life, ordinary folk and common activities.
  • ArtLex on Genre and Genres 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.artlex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many genre paintings are scenes from common life.^ Also, in relation to art, " genre paintings" are historically scenes of everyday life.
  • genre@Everything2.com 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Email this Print Questions or Feedback Cite This type of painting concerned with the realistic depiction of scenes from everyday life.
  • GENRE PAINTING, 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

^ Genre painting is the depiction of subjects and scenes from everyday life, ordinary folk and common activities.
  • ArtLex on Genre and Genres 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.artlex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These are distinguished from staffage: incidental figures in what is primarily a landscape or architectural painting. .Genre painting may also be used as a wider term covering genre painting proper, and other specialized types of paintings such as still-life, landscapes, marine paintings and animal paintings.^ They may be combined with other genre types too, including: .

^ To name some of the outstanding types: in painting, there are the landscape, the still life, the portrait; in music there are the sonata, the symphony, the song; in film we have the domestic comedy, the horror/thriller, the Western.

^ Email this Print Questions or Feedback Cite This type of painting concerned with the realistic depiction of scenes from everyday life.
  • GENRE PAINTING, 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

.The concept of the "hierarchy of genres" was a powerful one in artistic theory, especially between the 17th and 19th centuries.^ Students are introduced to the concept of genre, discuss the economic and artistic purposes of genrew, and are asked to identify well known conventions of various genres.
  • Genre and Media Literacy - MEDb 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC medb.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Entitled "Genre Matters", the one-day symposium brings together leaders in film theory, academicsa, producers and directors - in discussion of various subgenres of cinema.

^ The three leading 17th-century Dutch masters, Rembrandt, Frans Hals, and Jan Vermeer, also created genre paintings of unrivaled beauty.
  • GENRE PAINTING, 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

It was strongest in France, where it was associated with the Académie française which held a central role in academic art. The genres in hierarchical order are:

Genre in linguistics

In philosophy of language, figuring very prominently in the works of philosopher and literary scholar Mikhail Bakhtin. .Bakhtin's basic observations were of "speech genres" (the idea of heteroglossia), modes of speaking or writing that people learn to mimic, weave together, and manipulate (such as "formal letter" and "grocery list", or "university lecture" and "personal anecdote").^ Letter Writing Format Letter writing format is easy to learn.

^ Rock Rock has also been an incredibly influential genre, impacting culture through various modes such as film and fashion.

^ Dianne believes that "when we first start writing, it is a good idea to focus on one genre at a time, but be willing to experiment with others...
  • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

.In this sense genres are socially specified: recognized and defined (often informally) by a particular culture or community.^ For the screenwriter, the usefulness of knowing and defining two applicable genres when creating a screenplay resides in the benefit of greater focus, richer subplotting, and a keener sense of the audience.

^ Analysis proceeds by enumerating all of the communities, activities, relationships, media, and genres in a given social world, and inquiring into their workings.
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, the framework is supposed to be useful in making sense of particular cases, whether for understanding what people are already doing with genres or for designing new genres.
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The work of Georg Lukács also touches on the nature of literary genres, appearing separately but around the same time (1920s–1930s) as Bakhtin.^ Revenue-wise, racing is a larger genre, with close to $2.2 billion in revenue for fiscal year 2005 (compared to around $1.5 billion for the first-person shooter genre in that same year).
  • Gamasutra - News - Analysts: FPS 'Most Attractive' Genre for Publishers 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.gamasutra.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, many works now regarded as literary classics were originally written as genre novels .
  • Genre fiction 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC jahsonic.com [Source type: General]

^ Carole further states that "the hardest part of writing in two genres at the same time is fulfilling the formula criteria for both."
  • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

Norman Fairclough has a similar concept of genre that emphasises the social context of the text: Genres are "different ways of (inter)acting discoursally" (Fairclough, 2003: 26)
.However, this is just one way of conceiving genre.^ A genre study is one way to accomplish that.
  • ReadWriteThink: Lesson Plan: Genre Study: A Collaborative Approach 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.readwritethink.org [Source type: General]

^ Discussing genres of movies might just be a way of describing the history of moviemaking - a method of grouping motion pictures for whatever convenient need arises for whatever individual or group.

^ Discussing genres of movies might just be a way of describing the history of moviemakinga method of grouping motion pictures for whatever convenient need arises for whatever individual or group.

Charaudeau & Maingueneau determine four different analytic conceptualisations of genre.
A text's genre may be determined by its:
  1. linguistic function.
  2. formal traits.
  3. textual organisation.
  4. relation of communicative situation to formal and organisational traits of the text (Charaudeau & Maingueneau, 2002:278-280).

List of genres

Literary genre


Action

.A story, similar to Adventure, but the protagonist usually takes a risky turn, which leads to desperate situations (including explosions, fight scenes, daring escapes, etc.^ Action films usually include high energy, big-budget physical stunts and chases, possibly with rescues, battles, fights, escapes, destructive crises (floods, explosions, natural disasters, fires, etc.
  • Main Film Genres 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.filmsite.org [Source type: General]

^ Games involving characters who fight usually hand-to-hand, in one-to-one combat situations without the use of firearms or projectiles.

^ When you look at your premise, you can usually imagine a basic action that the hero would take throughout the story.
  • Writers Store: What's My Genre? by John Truby 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writersstore.com [Source type: General]

). .Action and Adventure are usually categorized together (sometimes even as "action-adventure") because they have much in common, and many stories fall under both genres simultaneously (for instance, the James Bond series can be classified as both).^ They had so many good adventures that they went on.

^ In both the case of text adventures and graphics adventures, there emerged a strong, highly dominant genre leader.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]
  • Lost Garden: Game Genre Lifecycle: Part II 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ And write what you are best at because all genres are viable, even apparently unpopular ones.

.
    • Die Hard Scenario: The story takes place in limited location - a single building, plane, or vessel - which is seized or under threat by enemy agents, but are opposed by a single hero who fights an extended battle within the location using stealth and cunning to attempt to defeat them.^ Games involving characters who fight usually hand-to-hand, in one-to-one combat situations without the use of firearms or projectiles.

      ^ Coming-of-Age Drama: Stories whose central struggle is about the hero finding his or her place in the world : For example: .

      ^ Thriller: Stories whose central struggle pits an innocent hero against a lethal enemy who is out to kill him or her.

      .This sub-genre began with the film, Die Hard, but has become popular in Hollywood movie making both because of its crowd appeal and the relative simplicity of building sets for such a constrained piece.^ Also, we are collaging film genres in this new set.
      • People Like Us - Genre Collage 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.peoplelikeus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ (Film genres are associated with the early days of Hollywood movie-making.
      • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ A country where the piece is set gives the genre.
      • Improv Games Featuring Genres : Genre Rollercoaster, Genre Replay, Genre Date . . . - 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.genreguru.com [Source type: General]

      .Among the many films that have copied this formula are Under Siege (terrorists take over a ship), Under Siege 2: Dark Territory and Derailed (hostages are trapped on a train), Sudden Death (terrorists take over an Ice Hockey stadium), Passenger 57, Executive Decision and Air Force One (hostages are trapped on a plane), Con Air (criminals take over a transport plane), and Half Past Dead and The Rock (criminals or terrorists take over a prison).^ When all the dregs of society have been pushed into one corner of the city and corporate greed threatens to take over their last bad neighborhood, the criminals fight back...
      • Movies by Genre - MovieSet 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.movieset.com [Source type: General]
      • Movies by Genre - MovieSet 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.movieset.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Another way that the various genres set themselves apart from one another is that they each ask a different central question or force the hero to make a crucial decision.
      • Writers Store: What's My Genre? by John Truby 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writersstore.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Let me explain: Law schools take as one of their several missions the education and training of the student as not just a future lawyer but a litigator, a man or woman who can walk into the courtroom and try a case, civil or criminal.
      • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Mall Cop is a recent spoof of these movies.
    • Heroic bloodshed:
    • Military: A story about a war or battle that can either be historical or fictional.^ Corrido --a Mexican ballad tradition that tells the story of current or past events or heroic figures, like musical historical legends, .

      ^ Historical Legend --a story told as truth about local, regional, or other historical events.

      ^ Coming-of-Age Drama: Stories whose central struggle is about the hero finding his or her place in the world : For example: .

      .It usually follows the events a certain warrior goes through during the battle's events.
    • Spy fiction: A story about a secret agent (spy) or military personnel member who is sent on a secret espionage mission.^ Mystery/Crime stories are mostly about the investigation of a crime related mystery by a protagonist who usually does not belong to this field.

      ^ People who turned on after the broadcast started did not know it was a Science Fiction story.
      • Bible Dictionary: Genre in Old Testament Study 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.bible.gen.nz [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Detective Stories (L.A. Confidential, Chinatown) are about searching for the truth, so you need lots of suspects who could believably have committed the crime.
      • Secrets of Genre 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.truby.com [Source type: General]

      .Usually, they are equipped with special gadgets that prove useful during the mission, and they have special training in things such as unarmed combat or computer hacking.^ It's happening as other gadgets, such as mobile phones and tablet computers, give people even more choices for diving into their favorite books.

      ^ As our class begins, participants brainstorm persons and things that persuade us using this noun-inspired alpha-boxes worksheet ; they do this in small groups.
      • WritingFix: Writing Genres...Persuasive Writing Resources 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writingfix.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Games or programs which attempt to simulate a realistic situation, for the purpose of training, and usually the development of some physical skill such as steering (as in driving and flight simulators).

      .They may or may not work for a specific government.
    • Samurai fiction
    • Western fiction: A story talking place in the American Old West.^ A very useful tool for finding more specific reference works in all genres of music, with a heavy emphasis on Western art music.
      • Music | Subject Guides | The University of Arizona University Libraries 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.library.arizona.edu [Source type: General]

      ^ "We emphasize story, theme, dramatic interaction, and forward movement in fiction, and our students use whatever works to boost their stories forward."
      • Invasion of the Genre Snatchers | Poets & Writers 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pw.org [Source type: General]

      ^ Getting Published in Genre Fiction Andrew Kirby talks to Suite 101 about how he placed his genre fiction novel and what inspired him to become an author.

      Westerns commonly feature gunfighters and/or cowboys.
    • Girls with guns (and swords):

Adventure

.A story about a protagonist who journeys to epic or distant places to accomplish something.^ Mystery/Crime stories are mostly about the investigation of a crime related mystery by a protagonist who usually does not belong to this field.

^ Coming-of-Age Drama: Stories whose central struggle is about the hero finding his or her place in the world : For example: .

^ Detective Stories (L.A. Confidential, Chinatown) are about searching for the truth, so you need lots of suspects who could believably have committed the crime.
  • Secrets of Genre 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.truby.com [Source type: General]

.It can have many other genre elements included within it, because it is a very open genre.^ By changing context and content of recurring icons, elements, characters and film stars held within selected movie genres/sub-genres (i.e.
  • People Like Us - Genre Collage 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.peoplelikeus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because a key element of situated genre theory is understanding the situation within which genres are enacted, the next section lays out the technical and social forces at play.
  • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The prophets also often borrow elements typical of genres belonging to other spheres of life (such as love songs, priestly instruction , funeral song ).
  • Bible Dictionary: Genre in Old Testament Study 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.bible.gen.nz [Source type: Original source]

Comedy

.A story that tells about a series of funny or comical events, intended to make the audience laugh.^ Ballad --songs that tell stories about historical events and characters.

^ Scenes that evoke emotion, contain conflict and stakes, change the dynamic, allow audiences to gain insight, and push the story forward are the scenes that make a story work.

^ Corrido --a Mexican ballad tradition that tells the story of current or past events or heroic figures, like musical historical legends, .

.It a is very open genre, and thus crosses over with many other genres on a frequent basis.^ Depending on what the programmed agents do, games may be able to be cross-listed with other genres.

^ You can also see other statistics such as how many people filter or highlight each specific genre.

^ With so many other choices, it's very easy to pass by Wish and move to another game where I feel I won't have to "learn" the basics all over again.

.
    • Comedy of manners: A film satirizes the manners and affectations of a social class, often represented by stock characters.^ A cautionary tale, rooted in a main character who commits crimes (This genre is often blended with Film Noir).

      ^ The comedies are written by staffs of writers who often collaborate in a very intense manner up until the actual moments of performing the show.
      • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

      ^ A drawing representing current public figures or issues symbolically and often satirically: a political cartoon.
      • fUSION Anomaly. Cartoons 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC fusionanomaly.net [Source type: General]

      .The plot of the comedy is often concerned with an illicit love affair or some other scandal, but is generally less important than its witty dialogue.^ Comedy Romances are usually contemporary in setting and have a modern style of language, with loads of dialogue between absorbing characters whom often generate spin off books, which means more fun and frivolity!

      ^ On the other hand, if an information commodity (like a stock price) loses its value quickly then illicit copying and sharing will probably be less prevalent.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ It is obvious that, in society as we know it, some communities have more effective means for engaging in these kinds of group thinking than others.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .This form of comedy has a long ancestry, dating back at least as far as Shakespeare's Much Ado about Nothing.
    • Parody: A story that mocks or satirizes other genres, people, fictional characters or works.^ Fictional genres ) mythology ( in myth: Relation of myths to other narrative forms ) People .
      • genre (art) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Producers look very much at what people are buying at a time and will tend to make movies along a similar vein this is at times even more noticeable with horror movies than many other genres.
      • genre@Everything2.com 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Short for science fiction, these works involve twists on technology and other science related phenomena which are contrary or stretches of the modern day scientific world.

      .Such works employ sarcasm, stereotyping, mockery of scenes, symbols or lines from other works, and the obviousness of meaning in a character's actions.^ Traditional themes , motifs and other material were often taken up and used in such a way that new meaning was produced.
      • Bible Dictionary: Genre in Old Testament Study 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.bible.gen.nz [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Posts in BABBLE PROBLEMS are relatively short, with a mean length of 5 lines; discussion is mostly focused on 'work', though not without its share of joking.
      • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ It may also be that of an omniscient narrator, who sees all the action and knows the inner workings of the characters' minds.
      • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Such stories may be "affectionate parodies" which merely mean to entertain those familiar with the source of the parody...^ Folk songs are a means of story telling, lesson giving, and of course a means of voicing protests, that make it more a matter of tradition than entertainment.

      ^ Social/ludic activities are those engaged in for social and entertainment purposes such as a custom of exchanging morning greetings, and a topic devoted to jokes.
      • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ We probably learned those skills in the context of reading short stories, but we may not recognize the opportunity to apply those same thinking skills when reading a play.
      • Helping Children Understand Literary Genres. ERIC Digest. 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ericdigests.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      or they may well be intended to undercut the respectability of the original inspiration for the parody by pointing out its flaws (the latter being closer to satire).
    • Action comedy: A subgenre with emthasize physically humorous antics, unorthodox body-language and oftentimes exasperating situations. See Charlie Chaplin, Jackie Chan and Lucille Ball.
      • Slapstick: Slapstick is a type of comedy involving exaggerated physical violence and activities which exceed the boundaries of common sense. .These hyperbolic depictions are often found in children's media, and light comedies aimed at younger audiences.
    • Romantic comedy: A subgenre which combines the romance genre with comedy, focusing on two or more individuals as they discover and attempt to deal with their romantic attractions to each other.^ They may be combined with other genre types too, including: .

      ^ The eerie music in a slasher film, the loss of the girl due to dishonesty in the romantic comedy film, and the spontaneous burst into song in the musical film all are some of the more explicit conventions that we no longer consider except in satires of a genre .

      ^ As people told these tales around the fireside and in local cafes and restaurants, they became more eye-popping or side-splitting to impress the listening audience.
      • Helping Children Understand Literary Genres. ERIC Digest. 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ericdigests.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .The stereotypical plot line follows the "boy-gets-girl", "boy-loses-girl", "boy gets girl back again" sequence.^ Just when things are getting good, though, Ryo finds a dead body, these hard-boiled boys are back on the job.
      • Anime Project Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.umich.edu [Source type: General]

      .Naturally, there are innumerable variants to this plot (as well as new twists, such as reversing the gender roles in the story), and much of the generally lighthearted comedy lies in the social interactions and sexual tension between the characters, who very often either refuse to admit they are attracted to one another, or must deal with others' meddling in their affairs.
    • Comedy horror: See Shawn of the Dead and Jennifer's Body.^ One of their characters must have a persuasive agenda.
      • WritingFix: Writing Genres...Persuasive Writing Resources 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writingfix.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Another very nice one.
      • Various Genres, a progressive rock music sub-genre 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.progarchives.com [Source type: General]

      ^ They are spoken stories, not written ones.
      • Helping Children Understand Literary Genres. ERIC Digest. 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ericdigests.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .
      • Black comedy: A parody or satirical story that is based around normally tragic or taboo subjects, including death, murder, suicide, illicit drugs and war.^ Detective / Mystery : An adventure game that centers around a traditional detective story or murder mystery.

        ^ The Black Comedy: A comedy that uses death and morbid doings as the root of its humor.

        ^ (Bordwell 1989, 148) While some genres are based on story content (the war film), other are borrowed from literature (comedy, melodrama) or from other media (the musical).

        So-called "Dead Baby Comedy" sometimes falls under this genre.
      • Zombie comedy:
    • Comic Fantasy:
    • Comic science fiction: A comedy that uses science fiction elements or settings, often as a lighthearted (or occasionally vicious) parody of the latter genre.

Crime

.A story about a crime that is being committed or was committed.^ Mystery/Crime stories are mostly about the investigation of a crime related mystery by a protagonist who usually does not belong to this field.

^ Crime: Stories whose central struggle is about catching a criminal : For example: .

^ In this course we shall distinguish between "higher myth," stories about the gods alone, and "lower myth," stories about the gods in their dealings with human beings.
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It can also be an account of a criminal's life. .It often falls into the Action or Adventure genres.^ How We Fall Into the Genre Trap The first step in escaping from the Genre Trap is to understand how we fall into it in the first place.
  • Writers Store: StoryWeaving - Avoiding the Genre Trap by Melanie Anne Phillips 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writersstore.com [Source type: General]

^ Due to the different types of action and objectives that can occur in a single game, games can often be cross-listed in two or more genres.

^ As genres pass the point of maturity, they often go into a stage of deconstruction.

.
    • Detective story: A story about a detective (or detectives) and/or person, either professional or amateur, who has to solve a crime that was committed.^ In detective stories: who is guilty and who is innocent?
      • Writers Store: What's My Genre? by John Truby 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writersstore.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Mystery/Crime stories are mostly about the investigation of a crime related mystery by a protagonist who usually does not belong to this field.

      ^ Apprentice --a person who studies with a master , learning about the masters skill, traditions, and culture.

      .They must figure out who committed the crime and why.^ Who is it and why are they doing it?
      • Writing.Com: By Genre:   Erotica   9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Mystery plots involve solving a puzzle, usually a crime, while building suspense, and dropping clues to help the reader figure out the solution to the puzzle.
      • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

      ^ To write a memory is to single out an important event from the past and recall its details (who, what, when, and where) and to write also about why the memory is important.
      • http://www.sheboyganfalls.k12.wi.us/cyberenglish9/multi_genre/genre_types.htm 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.sheboyganfalls.k12.wi.us [Source type: General]

      .Sometimes, the detective must figure out 'how' the criminal committed the crime if it seems impossible.^ Mystery plots involve solving a puzzle, usually a crime, while building suspense, and dropping clues to help the reader figure out the solution to the puzzle.
      • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Somewhere there is an entrepreneur who will figure out how to make money outside of the current mainstream publishing and distribution system.

      ^ Innovators must adapt to this new market landscape and figure out ways either thrive within it or subvert it.

      .
    • Courtroom drama:
    • Murder mystery: A mystery story which focuses on one type of criminal case: homicide.^ By contrast, one-hour action programs, melodramas, courtroom or hospital stories, are shot out of sequence, on location, with a single camera.
      • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

      ^ Detective / Mystery : An adventure game that centers around a traditional detective story or murder mystery.

      ^ Mixing one or more of these types of fiction together creates stories which cross-genre author Jamieson Wolf states have "more bang for their buck."
      • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

      .Usually, there are one or more murder victims, and the detective must figure out who killed them, the same way he or she solves other crimes.^ Mystery plots involve solving a puzzle, usually a crime, while building suspense, and dropping clues to help the reader figure out the solution to the puzzle.
      • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

      ^ In horror there is also usually a mystery given at the beginning of the film about why or how a creature or monster is kill ing, maim ing or scaring to death the victims.
      • genre@Everything2.com 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

      ^ And one of the ways of achieving more effective audience/reader engagement could lie in getting them into a state of suspense sooner and keeping them there for longer, rather than presenting them with a mystery that they try to solve before all is revealed and if they fail the surprise is over in a puff.

      They may or may not find themselves or loved ones in danger because of this investigation; the genre often includes elements of the suspense story genre, or of the action and adventure genres.
    • Hardboiled:
    • Legal thriller:

Documentary

.A story that re-tells events rather than create them.^ Corrido --a Mexican ballad tradition that tells the story of current or past events or heroic figures, like musical historical legends, .

^ The West offered the possibility of a new beginning, of re-founding, of establishing governments from reflection and choice, rather than mishaps of birth and tradition.
  • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Folk songs are a means of story telling, lesson giving, and of course a means of voicing protests, that make it more a matter of tradition than entertainment.

.Usually, it is about true historic events.^ Historical Legend --a story told as truth about local, regional, or other historical events.

^ Unlike true historical epics, period films choose a specific historical period, and then superimpose fictional characters or events into the setting.

^ Ballad --songs that tell stories about historical events and characters.

.
    • Mockumentary: A story that employs the style of the documentary to present fictional, and generally humorous, events or characters.^ Unlike true historical epics, period films choose a specific historical period, and then superimpose fictional characters or events into the setting.

      ^ Science Fiction: Stories whose central struggle is generated from the technology and tools of a scientifically imaginable world .

      ^ The two major categories, or genres, are Fiction (about things, events, and characters which are not true) or Nonfiction (about things, events, and people which are based on fact).
      • ReadWriteThink: Lesson Plan: Genre Study: A Collaborative Approach 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.readwritethink.org [Source type: General]

      .Very common in film and television, both as a full film or series, or as a brief sequence or episode within a larger work.^ A film may, of course, feature a lawyer and still not be a part of the lawyer film genre, and there are both legal and courtroom dramas that focus on law and the larger world within which a lawyers’ work takes place, films that might properly be called legal films, films with jurisprudential significance, that I would not include the lawyer film genre.
      • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      Examples include This Is Spinal Tap, Best In Show and The Office.
    • Docufiction:

Erotic

.Erotic literature comprises fictional and factual stories and accounts of human sexual relationships which have the power to or are intended to arouse the reader sexually.^ He can found that environment, he can civilize it, he can find it confusing, or he can hate it: but the basic terms of story are, like the basic terms of any human being’s relationship to his world .
  • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, science-fiction stories tend to take place in the future, in outer space, and have courageous heroes and heroines with specific powers (mental or physical).
  • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

.Such erotica takes the form of novels, short stories, poetry, true-life memoirs, fanfiction parodies and sex manuals.^ Pericope In Form Criticism, a unit of oral tradition such as a miracle story , an apophthegm or a saying .
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When such written texts relate their causal sequences in story form, the designation is narrative history.
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Louisiana, most European-American animal tales take the form of fables, while most African-American and Native-American animal tales feature tricksters such as Brer Rabbit.

.Transgressive sexual fantasies are a common feature of the genre, on such themes as prostitution, orgies, homosexuality, sado-masochism, cross-dressing, pedophilia, incest, beastiality and many other taboo subjects and fetishes, which may or may not be expressed in explicit language.^ Features identical gameplay but all new levels, many of which have Christmas-themed backgrounds.

^ Moleti states, "Very rarely will I stay in one genre, such as mainstream romance or pure fantasy...
  • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

^ The prophets also often borrow elements typical of genres belonging to other spheres of life (such as love songs, priestly instruction , funeral song ).
  • Bible Dictionary: Genre in Old Testament Study 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.bible.gen.nz [Source type: Original source]

.Satire and social criticism are other common elements.^ In other words, there is a very good fit (over 90% variance explained) between user preferences and the presence or absence of common/rare elements.
  • Genres and the Web: Is the personal home page the first uniquely digital genre? 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.ischool.utexas.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Despite cultural taboos on such material, before the invention of printing circulation of erotic literature was not seen as a major problem, as the costs of producing individual manuscripts limited distribution to a very small group of readers.^ But the bandwidth for distributing digital material is not the only cost of producing a publication.
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also many prints of a work are allowed to go out of circulation or are deleted for no reason other than cost effectiveness by a label/publisher.
  • People Like Us - Genre Collage 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.peoplelikeus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Traditional themes , motifs and other material were often taken up and used in such a way that new meaning was produced.
  • Bible Dictionary: Genre in Old Testament Study 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.bible.gen.nz [Source type: Original source]

.The invention of printing, in the fifteenth century, brought with it both a greater market and increasing restrictions, which took the form of censorship and legal restraints on publication on grounds of obscenity.^ Television, radio, and print media advertisers subsidize the publications they advertise in because they expect to profit from your attention having been brought to their advertising.
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This word has become common because of the invention of printing that made it possible to generate exactly the same text in codex form time after time.
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the United States, such restrictions are prohibited under The Right to the Freedom of Speech.
    • Lesbianism: The fundamental work of lesbian literature is the poetry of Sappho of Lesbos. .Contemporary lesbian literature is centered around several small, exclusively lesbian presses, as well as online fandoms.^ Title: Blue Paint Genre: Contemporary Length: 2:11 Instrumentation: Piano Calm piano solo centered around a repeating Ab motive.
      • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      Certain works have established historical or artistic importance.

Faction

.Faction, a neologism, in literature, describes a text as based on real historical figures, and actual events, woven together with fictitious allegations.^ Toast --an African-American memorized oral narrative tradition that may be for entertainment but often expresses protest and describes historic events.

^ Spielberg in going into production actually had a vested interest in the reality of the events.
  • HTMLGIANT / Yann Martel and The Holocaust as genre 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC htmlgiant.com [Source type: General]

^ Historically, reader response (actual or imagined) has altered literary texts, like the ending of Dicken's Great Expectations .

.Faction is often disliked as confusing to people who are trying to find facts.^ I think that the authors message is that because they never give up when they are trying to find out who is setting them up.

^ Prejudice --an opinion or attitude that can be positive or negative but is often negative and aimed at people who are not cultural "insiders."

For example, schoolchildren told to look for historical information are liable to be confused by faction.

Fantasy

.A story about magic and supernatural forces, rather than technology, though it often is made to include elements of other genres, such as science fiction elements, for instance computers or DNA, if it happens to take place in a modern or future era.^ Supernatural curse, with gay story elements.
  • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

^ Science fiction can be either technological or social and involves conjecture about future science or technology.
  • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

^ Do the activities take place at a desk with a computer on it?
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Depending on the extent of these other elements, the story may or may not be considered to be a "hybrid genre" series; for instance, even though the Harry Potter series canon includes the requirement of a particular gene to be a wizard, it is referred to only as a fantasy series.^ Even though the formulas of science-fiction or detective stories may be well established, enabling audiences to be familiar with the narrative events, each individual adventure is, to some degree, different.
  • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

^ Her "Dragon Eye PI" novels and stories ( Infinite Space, Infinite God, and Leaps of Faith anthology) are "fantasy/ mystery/ noir satires with a dash of Christianity that cross genres, shatter cliches and tell great stories as only a cynical dragon can."
  • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

^ What's important to keep in mind, should you choose to follow these authors into cross genre writing, is to remember what type of story you plan to write.
  • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

.
    • Bangsian:
    • Contemporary Fantasy:
    • Dark fantasy:
    • Epic/High fantasy:
    • Heroic:
    • Mythic fiction:
    • Science fantasy: A story with mystical elements that are scientifically explainable, or which combines science fiction elements with fantasy elements.^ Science fiction and dark fantasy will be considered as long as there is a strong element of horror.

      ^ Short for science fiction, these works involve twists on technology and other science related phenomena which are contrary or stretches of the modern day scientific world.

      ^ The intention and realization of story moves from the writer to the reader through the tropes of genre—naturalistic fiction no less than science fiction or fantasy, taking here the word "genre" in its looser sense of meaning.
      • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .It should be noted that science fiction was once actually referred to under this name, but that it is no longer used to denote that genre, and has somewhat fallen out of favor as a genre descriptor.^ Science fiction, being more idea-based, runs afoul of over used tropes, like the Adam & Eve trope.
      • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ If the verbs (actions) and nouns (items) are replaced by icons or pictures, or accepts verb-only or noun-only input, it no longer qualfies as Interactive Fiction.

      ^ The intention and realization of story moves from the writer to the reader through the tropes of genre—naturalistic fiction no less than science fiction or fantasy, taking here the word "genre" in its looser sense of meaning.
      • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .
      • Sword and planet: A subgenre of science fantasy that features rousing adventure stories set on other planets, and usually featuring Earthmen as protagonists.^ I just wrote a Christmas story in the Realities' world, set before Sisko left Raul for his journeys, when he and Josh had adventures of their own.

        ^ But everyone who reads books knows a completely different set of genres: science fiction, fantasy, mystery, romance...
        • Game Genre and Game Interaction 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.eblong.com [Source type: General]

        ^ While every genre has tropes, including mainstream and literary, the tropes of science fiction and fantasy are for the most part unconcerned with the emotional dimension of the story.
        • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        .There is a fair amount of overlap between "Sword & Planet" and "planetary romance" although some works are considered to belong to one and not the other.^ In principle, there may be a finite number of genres and each television show should fit into only one of them if the classification system works perfectly.
        • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

        ^ Although these games could be considered as Table-Top Games , there is a tradition of video pinball games and a wide variety of them to warrant categorizing them in a genre of their own.

        ^ One-player games can be considered Racing if there are other computer-controlled cars or vehicles competing on the race track, however if they are not competitive and act only as obstacles, use Driving .

        .In general, Planetary Romance is considered to be more of a Space Opera subgenre, influenced by the likes of A Princess of Mars yet more modern and technologically savvy, while Sword & Planet more directly imitates the conventions established by Burroughs in the Mars series.
      • Dying Earth: A sub-subgenre of science fantasy which takes place either at the end of life on Earth or the End of Time, when the laws of the universe themselves fail.^ She brings us “Highway Songs,” a spiritual fantasy with a future yet ancient Aztec setting (with threads of the Mayan calendar-ending mythology woven throughout).

        ^ Like doom metal, this music roars slowly into a medium pace with a compelling rhythmic hook, and then through a series of full stops and redirects builds up to a tempo change, after which it takes off only to decay, shift timing again, and then end in a complementary riff in the same rhythm.
        • Genres and Sub-Genres of Heavy Metal :: [ Death Metal and Black Metal at the Dark Legions Archive ] 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.anus.com [Source type: General]

        ^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
        • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

        .More generally, the Dying Earth sub-genre encompasses science fiction works set in the far distant future in a milieu of stasis or decline.^ Science fiction, being more idea-based, runs afoul of over used tropes, like the Adam & Eve trope.
        • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

        ^ In fact, in my experience, more often than not, writers are grateful for a second set of eyes committed to improving the work.

        .Themes of world-weariness, innocence (wounded or otherwise), idealism, entropy, (permanent) exhaustion/depletion of many or all resources (such as soil nutrients), and the hope of renewal tend to pre-dominate
    • Sword and sorcery: A blend of heroic fantasy, adventure, and frequent elements of the horrific in which a mighty barbaric warrior hero is pitted against both human and supernatural adversaries.^ Karina chose this genre mix because these "far-flung adventures with a lot of excitement and an element of the fantastic where the hero is pitted against an outside threat and must become a better person/creature in order to emerge victorious" interest her.
      • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Fantasy most often involves magic, mythical creatures, a hero's quest, and an invented world.
      • Mixing It Up: Writing Across Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writing-world.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Thriller: Stories whose central struggle pits an innocent hero against a lethal enemy who is out to kill him or her .

      Robert E. Howard, creator of Conan the Cimmerian, Kull of Atlantis, the Pictish king Bran Mak Morn, etc. is generally acknowledged as the founder of the genre, chiefly through his writings for Weird Tales and other 1920s and 30s pulp magazines.
    • Wuxia: A distinct quasi-fantasy sub-genre of the martial arts genre.

Historical

.A story about a real person or event.^ Ballad --songs that tell stories about historical events and characters.

^ Historical Legend --a story told as truth about local, regional, or other historical events.

.Often, they are written in a text book format, which may or may not focus on solely that person or event.^ Toast --an African-American memorized oral narrative tradition that may be for entertainment but often expresses protest and describes historic events.

^ As a literary genre , a history is a written prose text that organizes the events of the past in a causal sequence.
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Biography: The details of the life story of a real person, told by someone else.
      • Autobiography: Essentially the same as a biography, with the exception that the story is written by the person who is the subject of the story.
      • Memoir: Similar to autobiography, with the exception that it is told more "from memory", i.e. it is how the person personally remembers and feels about their life or a stage in their life, more than the exact, recorded details of that period. Though memoirs are often more subjective than autobiography works, memoirs are generally still considered to be nonfiction works. .There are also some fiction works that purport to be the "memoirs" of fictional characters as well, done in a similar style, however, these are in a separate genre from their nonfiction counterparts.
    • Historical fiction: A story that takes place in the real world, with real world people, but with several fictionalized or dramatized elements.^ These characters soar through space in rocket ships, battle against aliens and robots and villains with ray guns and lasers and similar devices.
      • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

      ^ Even though the formulas of science-fiction or detective stories may be well established, enabling audiences to be familiar with the narrative events, each individual adventure is, to some degree, different.
      • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

      ^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

      .This may or may not crossover with other genres; for example, fantasy fiction or science fiction may play a part, as is the case for instance with the novel George Washington's Socks, which includes time travel elements.^ But SF and fantasy spend a lot of time describing fantastic landscapes, for example; and strange social customs, and bits of technology or magic.
      • Game Genre and Game Interaction 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.eblong.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

      ^ The intention and realization of story moves from the writer to the reader through the tropes of genre—naturalistic fiction no less than science fiction or fantasy, taking here the word "genre" in its looser sense of meaning.
      • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .
      • Alternate history: A more extreme variant of historical fiction which posits a "what if" scenario in which some historical event occurs differently (or not at all), thus altering the course of history; for instance, "What if Nazi Germany had won World War II?" is an alternate history concept that has had treatment in fiction.^ Even though the formulas of science-fiction or detective stories may be well established, enabling audiences to be familiar with the narrative events, each individual adventure is, to some degree, different.
        • GENRE - The Museum of Broadcast Communications 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC museum.tv [Source type: General]

        ^ Based on a popular manga series, this film begins in 1969, where a young boy named Kenji and some friends come up with a fictional end of the world scenario and write it in their “Book of Prophecy.” Years later, in 1997, events occur that were written in Kenji’s prophetic book, and soon he and his friends are forced to deal with an apocalypse that they thought they had only dreamed up.
        • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

        ^ Inglorious Basterds [DVD & Blu-ray] – Quentin Tarantino’s extensively talky war epic that features an alternate take on World War II history.
        • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

        .Alternate History is sometimes (though not universally) referred to as a subgenre of science fiction or speculative fiction, and like historical fiction, may include more fantastical elements (for instance, the Temeraire series uses the fantasy element of dragons to create an Alternate History plot set during the Napoleonic Era).
      • Counterfactual history: Referred to as virtual history, is a recent form of historiography which attempts to answer "what if" questions known as counterfactuals.^ These include such genres as mystery, detective movies, gangster movies, crime, spy films, science fiction, film noir, occult and haunted house horror movies.
        • Explore Genre: Thriller - AllMovie 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.allmovie.com [Source type: General]

        ^ Tidhar's novel, The Bookman , is a "steampunk adventure, and a book about books, and a mystery, and a love story," and it sounds as though Tidhar wrote it in English, despite also writing science fiction in Hebrew sometimes.

        ^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
        • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

        .It seeks to explore history and historical incidents by means of extrapolating a timeline in which certain key historical events did not happen or had an outcome which was different from that which did in fact occur.^ Historical Battle (specific/exact) : Any strategy game that recreates, closely mimics, or attempts to show different outcomes of a historical battle or battles.

        The purpose of this exercise is to ascertain the relative importance of the event, incident or person the counterfactual hypothesis is negating. For instance, to the counterfactual claim "What would have happened had Hitler drunk coffee instead of tea on the afternoon he committed suicide?", the timeline would have remained unchanged — Hitler in all likelihood still would have committed suicide on April 30, 1945, regardless of what he had to drink that afternoon. .However, to the counterfactual "What would have happened had Hitler died in the July, 1944, assassination attempt?", all sorts of possibilities become readily apparent, starting with the reasonable assumption that the German generals would have in all likelihood sued for peace, bringing an early end to World War II, at least in the European Theater.^ Having conducted an analysis of a community's existing genres and their place in its activities, it becomes possible to reason rationally about what sort of systems might usefully be designed.
        • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ Inglorious Basterds [DVD & Blu-ray] – Quentin Tarantino’s extensively talky war epic that features an alternate take on World War II history.
        • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

        ^ 'Aufbrche' is a worthy investment for all those who want to get an impression of the early German festival history which was dominated by progressive rock bands.
        • Various Genres, a progressive rock music sub-genre 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.progarchives.com [Source type: General]

        .Thus, the counterfactual brings into sharp relief the importance of Hitler as an individual and how his personal fate shaped the course of the war and, ultimately, of world history.
      • Period piece: This type features historical places, people, or events that may or not be crucial to the story.^ Personal Experience Narrative --an autobiographical account of memorable events that sometimes reflects the worldview of an individual, community, or folk group .

        ^ It is rare for anybody to be taught the "moves" through which one accumulates capital in these worlds, or the "moves" through which various kinds of capital are converted into one another in the course of a career.
        • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ Corrido --a Mexican ballad tradition that tells the story of current or past events or heroic figures, like musical historical legends, .

        .Because history is merely used as a backdrop, it may be fictionalized to various degrees, but the story itself may be regarded as "outside" history.^ Also, no advice about short fiction markets is of any use to you if you don’t write a damn good story first.

        ^ (Not used in describing interactive fiction, because all interactive fiction is 1st-person by definition.

        .Genres within this category are often regarded as significant categories in themselves.
      • Costume drama: A type of drama that especially relies on lavish costumes and designs.^ Both types of films come in a variety of forms or genre-hybrids: sci-fi or space, thrillers, crime-drama, war, horror, westerns, etc.
        • Action Films 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.filmsite.org [Source type: General]

        ^ Folk Genre --categories or types of traditions; ways of saying or doing that are recognizable within a culture as distinct from other ways.The general categories are oral traditions, music, dance, material culture, beliefs, customs, and body communications.

        ^ Due to the different types of action and objectives that can occur in a single game, games can often be cross-listed in two or more genres.

        This type crosses over with many other genres.
      • Jidaigeki: A story usually set in the Edo period of Japanese history, from 1603 to 1868.

Horror

A story that is told to deliberately scare or frighten the audience, through suspense, violence or shock. H. P. Lovecraft distinguishes two primary varieties in the "Introduction" to Supernatural Horror in Literature: 1) Physical Fear or the "mundanely gruesome" and 2) the true Supernatural Horror story or the "Weird Tale." The supernatural variety is occasionally termed "Dark Fantasy," since the laws of nature must be violated in some way, thus qualifying the story as "fantastic."
    • Ghost story: A story about the intrusion of the spirits of the dead into the realm of the living. There are sub-genres: The Traditional Haunting, Poltergeists, The Haunted Place or Object (i.e. the hotel in Stephen King's The Shining), or the etching in M. R. James' "The Mezzotint", etc. .Some would include stories of Revenants such as W. W. Jacobs' "The Monkey's Paw."
    • Monster: A story about a monster, creature or mutant that terrorizes people.^ This lesson asks the students to choose a character from a book or story and then, based on of what they learn about the character, create a “Credo” showing what they believe the character would believe in.
      • WritingFix: Writing Genres...Persuasive Writing Resources 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.writingfix.com [Source type: General]

      ^ David Ch andler, in "Introduction to Genre Theory" poses some questions about genre, which I would reformulate for our purposes as follows: .
      • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Usually, it fits into the horror genre, for instance, Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein.^ As usual, each genre fits into the broader patterns of activity in the individuals' lives and the life of the organization, and participation in the genres is a skill that is acquired and in some way transmitted to others.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The changes might settle into a new equilibrium, with genres once again fitted to activities that express relationships between communities.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ December (Horror) : Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein Shelley created two different versions of her novel: the humanistic 1818 first edition and, following a series of personal tragedies, the fatalistic 1831 edition.
      • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

      Although Shelley's Frankenstein is often also considered the first science fiction story (biological science reanimating the dead), it does present a monstrous "creature." Other clear Monster stories are of the creatures of folklore and fable: the Vampire, the Werewolf, the Zombie, etc. .Beings such as that depicted in Karloff's The Mummy would also qualify.
    • Giant monster: A story about a giant monster, similar to the monster genre.^ In this course we shall distinguish between "higher myth," stories about the gods alone, and "lower myth," stories about the gods in their dealings with human beings.
      • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      However, giant monster stories are generally about a monster big enough to destroy buildings. .Some such stories are about two giant monsters fighting each other, a genre known as kaiju in Japan, which is famous for such works after the success of such films and franchises as Godzilla.
    • Occult stories: Stories that touch upon the adversaries of Good, especially the "Enemies" of the forces of righteousness as expressed in any given religious philosophy.^ Will Wright’s Sixguns & Society is required reading for anyone seeking to do genre work on legal and lawyer films.
      • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ (During the course of a semester of watching lawyer films do you begin to get the notion that such a genre exists?
      • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The prophets also often borrow elements typical of genres belonging to other spheres of life (such as love songs, priestly instruction , funeral song ).
      • Bible Dictionary: Genre in Old Testament Study 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.bible.gen.nz [Source type: Original source]

      .Hence, stories of devils, demons, demonic possession, dark witchcraft, evil sorcerers or warlocks, and figures like the Antichrist would qualify.^ Corrido --a Mexican ballad tradition that tells the story of current or past events or heroic figures, like musical historical legends, .

      .The nature of such stories presupposes the existence of the side of Good and the existence of a deity to be opposed to the forces of Evil.
    • Slasher: A story (generally in film) that usually has an antagonist, who is a serial killer or simply insane.^ Film Studies Film Adaptation Film Analysis Film Genre Film Theory Game studies Use of story-telling in games Genre Intermediality Serious Games ( More ) ( Collapse ) .
      • Academia.edu | People | People who have Genre as a research interest (57) 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.academia.edu [Source type: Academic]

      ^ An excerpt: My sister and I would race up the stairs and pore over the slim paperbacks (usually Puffins) searching for that next really good story.

      ^ These films frequently feature detectives who operate on the edge of the law as hard-bitten loners only marginally able to relate to women (who are frequently the source of evil).
      • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      The "slasher" stereotypically kills his victims in the movie by slowly creeping up to them, and then quickly killing them with a sharp object, such as a Chef's knife. The genre lead to the creation of the Final girl theory.
    • Survival horror: A horror story about a protagonist who is put in a risky and life threatening situation that he or she must endure, often as a result of things such as zombies or other monsters, and the rest of the plot is how the hero or heroes overcome this.

Mystery

.Although normally associated with the crime genre, the term "mystery fiction" may in certain situations refer to a completely different genre, where the focus is on supernatural mystery (even if no crime is involved).^ These include such genres as mystery, detective movies, gangster movies, crime, spy films, science fiction, film noir, occult and haunted house horror movies.
  • Explore Genre: Thriller - AllMovie 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.allmovie.com [Source type: General]

^ Genre study may be more productive if we complement the narrow critical focus of traditional genre analysis with a broader sociocultural perspective.

^ Religion A modern term that properly designates both a cultus (see above) and the beliefs about the gods and the world that may be associated with the practice of that that cultus .
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This usage was common in the pulp magazines of the 1930s and 1940s, where titles such as Dime Mystery, Thrilling Mystery and Spicy Mystery offered what at the time were described as "weird menace" stories – supernatural horror in the vein of Grand Guignol. This contrasted with parallel titles of the same names which contained conventional hardboiled crime fiction. The first use of "mystery" in this sense was by Dime Mystery, which started out as an ordinary crime fiction magazine but switched to "weird menace" during the latter part of 1933.

Paranoid

.Paranoid fiction is a term sometimes used to describe works of literature that explores the subjective nature of reality and how it can be manipulated by forces in power.^ Tone Color --the term(s) used to describe the expressive qualities of a piece of music and/or how a piece of music or an instrument sounds.

^ (Not used in describing interactive fiction, because all interactive fiction is 1st-person by definition.

^ Most importantly, developers and publishers must come to terms with the reality of genre addiction and how it affects our market.

.These forces can be external, such as a totalitarian government, or they can be internal, such as a character's mental illness or refusal to accept the harshness of the world he is in.^ Figure 3 shows a schematic of these forces as they apply to the Babble conversations examined.
  • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At first the stranded aliens are welcomed to Earth, but eventually they are forcibly put into internment camps and subjugated by the governments of the world.
  • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

^ Characters appearing in abstract games may be anthropomorphic in design (such as Q*bert), but usually do not attempt to represent real world animals or people or their behaviors.

Philosophical

.Philosophical fiction refers to works of fiction in which a significant proportion of the work is devoted to a discussion of the sort of questions normally addressed in discursive philosophy.^ Especially confusing is the expression "the canon" in reference to scripture in that it begs the question as to what works are meant.
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These might include the function and role of society, the purpose of life, ethics or morals, the role of art in human lives, and the role of experience or reason in the development of knowledge.^ In some cases they might include physical meeting spaces, and it may be important for these spaces to serve a range of other functions in addition to formally organized discussions.
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These media might in turn support a wide range of genres, which might fit into people's lives in a wide variety of ways.
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These might include vessels for sacrifices , special clothing for cultic officials, written texts.
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Philosophical fiction works would include the so-called novel of ideas, including a significant proportion of science fiction, utopian and dystopian fiction, and Bildungsroman.^ Science fiction, being more idea-based, runs afoul of over used tropes, like the Adam & Eve trope.
  • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While every genre has tropes, including mainstream and literary, the tropes of science fiction and fantasy are for the most part unconcerned with the emotional dimension of the story.
  • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A film may, of course, feature a lawyer and still not be a part of the lawyer film genre, and there are both legal and courtroom dramas that focus on law and the larger world within which a lawyers’ work takes place, films that might properly be called legal films, films with jurisprudential significance, that I would not include the lawyer film genre.
  • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The modus operandi seems to be to use a normal story to simply explain difficult and/or dark parts of human life.
.

Political

Political fiction is a subgenre of fiction that deals with political affairs. .Political fiction has often used narrative to provide commentary on political events, systems and theories.^ Fringe content is often useful in testing the flexibility of a theory.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ Babble differs most notably from other systems in its use of a minimalist visual representation of the participants to provide cues about their presence and activities.
  • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Toast --an African-American memorized oral narrative tradition that may be for entertainment but often expresses protest and describes historic events.

Works of political fiction often "directly criticize an existing society or... present an alternative, sometimes fantastic, reality." .Prominent pieces of political fiction have included the totalitarian dystopias of the early 20th century such as Jack London's The Iron Heel and Sinclair Lewis's It Can't Happen Here.^ Commercial country has been aggressively marketed since the 1920s, developing new traditions within itself, such as the mid 20th century honky-tonk style.

^ But more notably, works that were deemed “unreadable” (to borrow Perkins’ description of the early Wolfe) and “unpublishable” (to quote Perkins on the first draft of The Sun Also Rises ,) emerged as some of the most lasting pieces of 20th century American literature.

Equally influential, if not more so, however, have been earlier pieces of political fiction such as Gulliver's Travels (1726), Candide (1759) and Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852). .Political fiction frequently employs the literary modes of satire, often in the genres of Utopian and dystopian fiction or social science fiction.^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

^ By the same token, when literary writers adopt science fictional language, while still employing their core emotional tropes, the result is often oddly unsatisfying to genre readers.
  • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His 2008 novels are Escapement from Tor Books and Madness of Flowers from Night Shade Books, while his short fiction appears regularly in literary and genre markets worldwide.
  • Genre Tropes and the Transmissibility of Story 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.irosf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Romance

Traditionally, a story involving chivalry and adventure. .In modern writing, a story about character's relationships, or engagements (a story about character development adn interpersonal relationships, rather than adventures).^ Tidhar's novel, The Bookman , is a "steampunk adventure, and a book about books, and a mystery, and a love story," and it sounds as though Tidhar wrote it in English, despite also writing science fiction in Hebrew sometimes.

^ In a few cases, the player-character is primarily defending rather than attacking, as in Atlantis , Commando Raid , Missile Command , and Missile Defense 3-D .

^ Ballad --songs that tell stories about historical events and characters.

Saga

.The sagas (from Icelandic saga, plural sögur), are stories about ancient Scandinavian and Germanic history, about early Viking voyages, about migration to Iceland, and of feuds between Icelandic families.^ 'Aufbrche' is a worthy investment for all those who want to get an impression of the early German festival history which was dominated by progressive rock bands.
  • Various Genres, a progressive rock music sub-genre 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.progarchives.com [Source type: General]

^ In this course we shall distinguish between "higher myth," stories about the gods alone, and "lower myth," stories about the gods in their dealings with human beings.
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They were written in the Old Norse language, mainly in Iceland. .The texts are epic tales in prose, often with stanzas or whole poems in alliterative verse embedded in the text, of heroic deeds of days long gone, tales of worthy men, who were often Vikings, sometimes Pagan, sometimes Christian.^ The poem tells the tale of Dante who journeys through the twisted, menacing nine circles of hell in pursuit of his beloved Beatrice.
  • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

^ Myth The Greek term mythos refers to a long poetic saga that relates tales of the gods and, often, of the gods' relationship to human beings.
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps more familiar, or at least traditional, is the heroic tale of a defender who represents the innocent (Young Mr. Lincoln, To Kill a Mockingbird, Suspect, Presumed Innocent).
  • film genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC myweb.wvnet.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The tales are usually realistic, except legendary sagas, sagas of saints, sagas of bishops and translated or recomposed romances. .They are sometimes romanticised and fantastic, but always dealing with human beings one can understand.^ They got to own the IP and enjoyed the resulting success that comes from being one of the few to understand the benefits of innovation.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ In this course we shall distinguish between "higher myth," stories about the gods alone, and "lower myth," stories about the gods in their dealings with human beings.
  • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trickster --a human or animal character of a folktale who constantly tries to outsmart or outwit other characters but does not always succeed and is sometimes the loser, not the winner.

.
    • Family saga: The family saga is a genre of literature which chronicles the lives and doings of a family or a number of related or interconnected families over a period of time.^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

      ^ Also join us online , where you can post your comments, or engage in real-time chats, at the GLBT Genre Literature Forum .
      • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Over the period of time examined in this study, the Babble group ranged in number from nine to nineteen users.
      • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      In novels (or sometimes sequences of novels) with a serious intent, this is often a thematic device used to portray particular historical events, changes of social circumstances, or the ebb and flow of fortunes from a multiple of perspectives.

Satire

.Often strictly defined as a literary genre or form, although in practice it is also found in the graphic and performing arts.^ An instrument that plays the melody of a song is often referred to as the lead instrument, and several instruments may restate this defining melody in the course of a performance.

^ It was the "point and click" risk mechanics of the evolved graphic adventure that ultimately defined a distinct genre in a market landscape filled with 'graphical games' such as RPGs and FPSs.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ Adult graphic adventures are a genre, not defined solely by their adult content, but by the underlying risk mechanics.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

.In satire, human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to censure by means of ridicule, derision, burlesque, irony, or other methods, ideally with the intent to bring about improvement.^ He does bring up an interesting point about works having different texts based on a reader's personal preferences.

Although satire is usually meant to be funny, the purpose of satire is not primarily humour in itself so much as an attack on something of which the author strongly disapproves, using the weapon of wit. .A very common, almost defining feature of satire is its strong vein of irony or sarcasm, but parody, burlesque, exaggeration, juxtaposition, comparison, analogy, and double entendre are all frequently used in satirical speech and writing.^ In a video game, there is almost always a definite objective that the player strives to complete (or find and complete, as in the case of Myst ), and in doing so very specific interactions are used.

The essential point, however, is that "in satire, irony is militant." This "militant irony" (or sarcasm) often professes to approve (or at least accept as natural) the very things the satirist actually wishes to attack.

Science

A story about technology or the future. .It generally includes or is centered on the presumed effects or ramifications of computers or machines, travel through space, time or alternate universes, alien life-forms, genetic engineering, or other such things.^ These can include travel costs, wear and tear on bodies and machines, the risk of accidents, and the opportunity cost of not having done something else instead.
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Time Traveler’s Wife – The tale of a man that has a rare genetic disorder that causes him to randomly and inexplicably travel through time which puts a lot of strain on his marriage.
  • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

^ In other cases they might include the existence of a viable community publication such as a newsletter or newspaper.
  • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The science or technology used may or may not be very thoroughly elaborated on; stories whose scientific elements are reasonably detailed, well-researched and considered to be relatively plausible given current knowledge and technology are often referred to as hard science fiction.^ Your games may sink in quality, but you'll still release one or two more sequels that do reasonably well financially.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ An instrument that plays the melody of a song is often referred to as the lead instrument, and several instruments may restate this defining melody in the course of a performance.

^ Ethnicity is different from race per se in that: while race denotes biological traits, ethnicity is used to describe cultural traits that may well cross racial lines.

.Owing to the wide breadth of the genre, it very commonly has elements from other genres, such as action, comedy, alternate history, military or spy fiction, and fantasy mixed in, with such combinations often forming new major subgenres in their own right (see below).^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
  • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

^ In the worst case scenario, other platforms become the home of new highly profitable genres that lure potential Nintendo customers over to the competing platforms.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

.
    • Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction: Science fiction that is concerned with the end of civilization either through nuclear war, plague, or some other general disaster.^ While some video games can be classified in a manner similar to that of films (we might say that Outlaw is a Western, Space Invaders science fiction, and Combat a war game), classification by iconography ignores the fundamental differences and similarities which are to be found in the player's experience of the game.

      ^ Defender , and Star Wars , as well as many other games, would consider them all science fiction even though they vary widely in player experience.

      ^ Viggo Mortensen plays a father, who is traveling through a post-apocalyptic wasteland, and viciously protects his young son from a (possibly cannibalistic) tribe of rednecks.
      • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

      .Post-apocalyptic fiction is set in a world or civilization after such a disaster.^ In a post-apocalyptic world, giant insects rule over the toxic forests that cover most of the world.
      • Anime Project Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.umich.edu [Source type: General]

      ^ THIS WEEK’S NEW THEATRICAL RELEASES: 9 – Nine sentient ragdoll-things must survive in a post-apocalyptic world in this odd, but very cool-looking new film!
      • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

      .The time frame may be immediately after the catastrophe, focusing on the travails or psychology of survivors, or considerably later, often including the theme that the existence of pre-catastrophe civilization has been forgotten (or mythologized).^ Economic considerations Discussions of new media are often framed in terms of "where things are going".
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Post-apocalyptic stories often take place in an agrarian, non-technological future world, or a world where only scattered elements of technology remain.^ Games which rely primarily on text for the player interface, and often for the description of the game's world and the action which takes place there as well.

      ^ In a post-apocalyptic world, giant insects rule over the toxic forests that cover most of the world.
      • Anime Project Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.umich.edu [Source type: General]

      ^ THIS WEEK’S NEW THEATRICAL RELEASES: 9 – Nine sentient ragdoll-things must survive in a post-apocalyptic world in this odd, but very cool-looking new film!
      • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

      .There is a considerable degree of blurring between this form of science fiction and that which deals with false utopias or dystopic societies.^ There are many GLBT connections to Science Fiction , Fantasy , Horror , and Suspense & Myster y Literature .
      • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

      .The genres gained in popularity after World War II, when the possibility of global annihilation by nuclear weapons entered the public consciousness.^ Inglorious Basterds [DVD & Blu-ray] – Quentin Tarantino’s extensively talky war epic that features an alternate take on World War II history.
      • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Gen loses his brother, sister, and father to the atomic bomb that hit Hiroshima during World War II. He and his mother struggle to survive in the aftermath of the nuclear holocaust.
      • Anime Project Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.umich.edu [Source type: General]

      However, recognizable apocalyptic novels existed at least since the first quarter of the 19th century, when Mary Shelley's The Last Man was published. .Additionally, the subgenres draw on a body of apocalyptic literature, tropes, and interpretations that are millennia old.
    • Hard science fiction:
      • Future noir: A hybrid genre of other works of fiction combining the film noir and science fiction or cyberpunk genres such as seen in Blade Runner (1982) and The Terminator (1984).^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

        ^ The object of the game can be multiple or divided into steps, placing the game in more than one genre, just as a film's theme and iconography can place a film in multiple genres (the film Blade Runner , for example, fits both science fiction and hard-boiled detective genres).

        ^ If I had to pick a favorite, it would be ...For Victory , but it's hard to go wrong with their other formative works like War Master , Realms of Chaos , and The IVth Crusade .
        • Genres and Sub-Genres of Heavy Metal :: [ Death Metal and Black Metal at the Dark Legions Archive ] 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.anus.com [Source type: General]

        .It is a form of Neo-noir concentrating more on science fiction themes.^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
        • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

        ^ The object of the game can be multiple or divided into steps, placing the game in more than one genre, just as a film's theme and iconography can place a film in multiple genres (the film Blade Runner , for example, fits both science fiction and hard-boiled detective genres).

        The term was coined in The Terminator[citation needed] as the name of a nightclub, Tech Noir. .The director James Cameron wanted a name for the particular style he was invoking.
    • Soft science fiction:
      • Christian science fiction:
      • Comic science fiction:
      • Feminist science fiction: Science fiction which tends to deal with women's roles in society.^ If you want additional information on particular Xbox Games, simply click on its name to be taken to the gameinfo page.
        • Xbox Games List (Xbox 360) By Genre 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC games.teamxbox.com [Source type: General]

        .Feminist science fiction poses questions about social issues such as how society constructs gender roles, the role reproduction plays in defining gender and the unequal political, economic and personal power of men and women.^ Political considerations Economic reasoning about the media easily gives the impression of a seamless, impenetrable logic that neither requires nor permits dialog with political concerns.
        • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ This involves such questions as how the original work is changed to allow for interactivity and the completion of an objective, or in the case of adapted games, how the original activity changes as a result of being adapted.

        ^ The content of conversational activity in the COMMONS ranges from purely social talk (such as the custom of saying "good morning"), to the posing of general questions, to reminding people of an impending meeting of general interest, to more technical discussions about work projects.
        • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        .Some of the most notable feminist science fiction works have illustrated these themes using utopias to explore a society in which gender differences or gender power imbalances do not exist, or dystopias to explore worlds in which gender inequalities are intensified, thus asserting a need for feminist work to continue.
      • Libertarian science fiction: Science fiction that focuses on the politics and social order implied by libertarian philosophies with an emphasis on individualism and a limited state-- and in some cases, no state whatsoever.^ Although most of these games involve driving skills and can be cross-listed with Driving, some of them, like 1000 Miles , do not.

        ^ If we want several different communities to use our pages, are the answers to these questions similar or different for each?
        • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ Babble differs most notably from other systems in its use of a minimalist visual representation of the participants to provide cues about their presence and activities.
        • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        .As a genre, it can be seen as growing out of the 1930s and 1940s when the science-fiction pulp magazines were reaching their peak at the same time as fascism and communism.^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

        ^ Title: Reaching Out Genre: Contemporary Length: 1:01 Instrumentation: Piano Tempo: 109 Rubato.
        • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ But we are equally dependent upon the professional designers who have the resources and skills to map out the broad systems of community relationships within which genres of communication live.
        • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        .While this environment gave rise to dystopian novels such as George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four, in the pulps, this influence more often give rise to speculations about societies (or sub-groups) arising in direct opposition to totalitarianism.
      • Military science fiction: Science fiction told from the point of view of the military, or a main character who is a soldier in the military.^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
        • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

        ^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

        ^ Fable --a tale, often featuring animal characters, told to illustrate a specific moral point, and often ending with a proverb .

        It usually has technology far superior to today's, but not necessarily implausible. .Military science fiction essentially is the addition of science fiction elements into a military fiction story.
      • Social science fiction: Science fiction concerned less with technology and space opera and more with sociological speculation about human society.^ The object of the game can be multiple or divided into steps, placing the game in more than one genre, just as a film's theme and iconography can place a film in multiple genres (the film Blade Runner , for example, fits both science fiction and hard-boiled detective genres).

        ^ In this course we shall distinguish between "higher myth," stories about the gods alone, and "lower myth," stories about the gods in their dealings with human beings.
        • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ SCIENCE FICTION FILMS (NOT SPACE ADVENTURES) .
        • Comedy | Classics | Musicals | Environmental Themes | Genre 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC college.swankmp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        In other words, it "absorbs and discusses anthropology", and speculates about human behavior and interactions. .Exploration of fictional societies is one of the most interesting aspects of science fiction, allowing it to perform predictive and precautionary functions, to criticize the contemporary world and to present solutions, to portray alternative societies and to examine the implications of ethical principles.
    • Space opera: Science fiction story characterized by the extent of space travel and distinguished by the amount of time that protagonists spend in an active, spacefaring lifestyle.^ But democracy is something that happens all the time in society; it is the everyday process through which people negotiate their relationships with one another.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The dark fiction gave birth to the Tuscan Italian dialect and is widely considered the work that has defined the western world’s contemporary conception of hell and purgatory.
      • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Spend lots of money : The maturity phase is one of the few times you can buy your way to the top.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      Firefly, Star Trek, Star Blazers and Star Wars have often been categorized as such. .
      • Science fiction Western: A work of fiction which has elements of science fiction in a Western setting.^ The dark fiction gave birth to the Tuscan Italian dialect and is widely considered the work that has defined the western world’s contemporary conception of hell and purgatory.
        • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

        ^ Obtain a clear working definition of genres using concretely definable game mechanics, not ill-defined concepts such as 'fantasy' or 'science fiction'.
        • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

        It is different from a Space Western, which is a frontier story indicative of American Westerns, except transposed to a backdrop of space exploration and settlement. .A science fiction Western occurs in the past, or in a world resembling the past, in which modern or future technology exists.^ The dark fiction gave birth to the Tuscan Italian dialect and is widely considered the work that has defined the western world’s contemporary conception of hell and purgatory.
        • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

        The anachronistic technology of these stories is present because scientific paradigms occurred earlier in history but are implemented via industrial elements present at that time, or because technology is brought from another time or place. .The genre often overlaps with Steampunk.
      • Planetary romance: A sub-genre of science fiction in which the bulk of the action consists of adventures on one or more exotic alien planets, characterized by distinctive physical and cultural backgrounds.^ Genre: fairy tale/adventure fiction .

        ^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

        ^ It was a bit more interesting coming up with the data this time since the adventure genre was in full evolutionary explosion.
        • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

        .Some planetary romances take place against the background of a future culture where travel between worlds by spaceship is commonplace; others, particularly the earliest examples of the genre, do not, and invoke flying carpets, astral projection, or other methods of getting between planets.^ If this genre is truly context independent, we should find other examples with the same core risk mechanics and non-adult content.
        • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

        ^ Games which rely primarily on text for the player interface, and often for the description of the game's world and the action which takes place there as well.

        ^ In the second part I will present a framework for media design based on inquiry into the role of genres in people's activities, followed by some examples.
        • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        .In either case, it is the planetside adventures which are the focus of the story, not the mode of travel.
      • Space Western: A subgenre of science fiction, primarily grounded in film and television, that transposes themes of American Western books and film to a backdrop of futuristic space frontiers; it is the complement of the science fiction Western, which transposes science fiction themes onto an American Western setting.
    • Punk: An umbrella term, and suffix, for several Science Fiction subgenres, normally categorized by distinct technologies and sciences.^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
      • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

      ^ While some video games can be classified in a manner similar to that of films (we might say that Outlaw is a Western, Space Invaders science fiction, and Combat a war game), classification by iconography ignores the fundamental differences and similarities which are to be found in the player's experience of the game.

      ^ In his essay The Idea of Genre in the American Cinema , Ed Buscombe lists three areas in which genre elements may appear in film: iconography, structure and theme.

      .The themes tend to be cynical or dystopian, and a person, or group of people, fighting the corruption of the government.^ Sometimes cultural landscapes are the result of one person or group of people acting upon the land.

      .
      • Cyberpunk: A futuristic storyline dealing with people who have been physically or mentally enhanced with cybernetic components, often featuring cyborgs or the singularity as a major theme, and generally somewhat cynical or dystopian (hence the "punk" portion of the name).^ Generational Music Community --a group of people who share an interest in similar types of music and who are also bound together by age-related commonalities.

        ^ Many people who call themselves Creole, by whatever definition, become angry when the name is used by others.

        ^ Prejudice --an opinion or attitude that can be positive or negative but is often negative and aimed at people who are not cultural "insiders."

        This is often confused or placed with Techno-thriller, which is actually a separate and less specialized genre.
        • Postcyberpunk: a subgenre of science fiction which some critics suggest has evolved from cyberpunk. Like its predecessor, postcyberpunk focuses on technological developments in near-future societies, typically examining the social effects of a ubiquitous datasphere of computerized information, genetic engineering, modification of the human body, and the continued impact of perpetual technological change. .Unlike "pure" cyberpunk, however, the works in this category feature characters who act to improve social conditions or at least protect the status quo from further decay.
        • Nanopunk: The genre is similar bio-punk, but describes the world where the use of biotechnologies are limited or prohibited, so only nanotechnologies in wide use (while in biopunk bio- and nanotechnologies often coexist).^ Fable --a tale, often featuring animal characters, told to illustrate a specific moral point, and often ending with a proverb .

          ^ Christ Hymn Philippians 2:6-11, widely believed to be a pre-Pauline Christian hymn to Christ used by Paul and amended by him only with the words "and death on a cross" in verse 8.
          • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

          ^ Games involving characters who fight usually hand-to-hand, in one-to-one combat situations without the use of firearms or projectiles.

          .Currently the genre is more concerned with the artistic and physiological impact of nanotechnology, than of aspects of the technology itself which is still in its infancy.^ Or, we have to accept that the diversity of games requires many more genres and subgenres than traditional media products which have benefitted from genre studies.

          ^ In trying to be exhaustive, I have been inclusive rather than exclusive, and such genres as diagnostic, demo, and utility can simply be ignored by those who wish to be more exclusive, without upsetting the rest of the list (which should still be valid for them).

          ^ One new issue is that the digital medium is far more malleable than speech or paper, the two principal media for conventional genres.
          • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

          .Unlike the Cyberpunk, a low-life yet technologically advanced character, the personification of a Nanopunk can be set 'hard' or 'soft', depending on your views of the impact Nanotechnology will have on our future.
        • Atompunk: Atompunk relates to the pre-digital, cultural period of 1945-1965, including mid-century Modernism, the "Atomic Age", the "Space Age", Communism and paranoia in the USA along with Soviet styling, underground cinema, Googie architecture, space and the Sputnik, moonlanding, superhero-comics, art & radioactivity, the rise of the US military/industrial complex & the fall-out of Chernobyl.
        • Dieselpunk: Initially proposed as a genre by the creators of the role-playing game Children of the Sun, [12] dieselpunk refers to fiction inspired by mid-century pulp stories and set in a world similar to steampunk though specifically characterized by the rise of petroleum power and technocratic perception, incorporating neo-noir elements and sharing themes more clearly with cyberpunk than steampunk.^ The game is from Realtime Worlds, creators of Crackdown.
          • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

          ^ The cost of creating a genre king early in the genre life cycle is low.
          • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

          ^ Commercial country has been aggressively marketed since the 1920s, developing new traditions within itself, such as the mid 20th century honky-tonk style.

          .Though the notability of dieselpunk as a genre is not entirely uncontested, installments ranging from the retro-futuristic film Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow to the 2001 Activision video game Return to Castle Wolfenstein have been suggested as quintessential dieselpunk works of fiction.
      • Steampunk: A story that takes place around the time steam power was first coming into use.^ Some genres, like classical CD's and video games, are used in activities that entail using a given package of content repeatedly; others, like novels, are not.
        • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ Yet it sported the same core game mechanics that eventually blossomed into an entire genre of highly polished 2D platformers.
        • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

        ^ At first the stranded aliens are welcomed to Earth, but eventually they are forcibly put into internment camps and subjugated by the governments of the world.
        • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

        .The industrial revolution is a common time frame which steam punk stories take place in, and the steam technology is often actually more advanced than the real technology of time (for instance, Steam Detectives features steam-powered robots).^ But the reality is more complicated than this.
        • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ Games which rely primarily on text for the player interface, and often for the description of the game's world and the action which takes place there as well.

        ^ The really harsh effects operate more strongly on the media than on the genres, but in each case it is not sufficient for one's product to be "better" as measured in a vacuum.
        • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        • Clockpunk: It has been occasionally used to refer to a subgenre of speculative fiction which is similar to steampunk, but deviates in its technology. .As with steampunk, it portrays advanced technology based on pre-modern designs, but rather than the steam power of the Industrial Age, the technology used is based on springs, clockwork and similar.^ Apocalytpic Short for "apocalyptic eschatology ," the understanding of the future based upon a revelation (Greek: apocalypsis ) rather than upon speculation or calculation.
          • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

          ^ The language continued in ordinary usage among Jews well into the Middle Ages and was revived for modern use in the 19th century.
          • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

          ^ Modern scholars use the term broadly as referring to apocalyptic interpretations of ancient scriptures based on the authority of an ancient teacher or in in the name of a of a sectarian group.
          • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

          .Clockpunk is based very intensively on the works of Leonardo da Vinci and as such, it is typically set during the Renaissance.^ When you start thinking of games using mechanics-based definition, eternal debates such as the importance of story become very clear cut.
          • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

          .It is regarded as being a type of Steampunk.
      • Biopunk: A story that is about genetics and biological research (often falling under the horror category).^ In this course we shall distinguish between "higher myth," stories about the gods alone, and "lower myth," stories about the gods in their dealings with human beings.
        • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        It focuses on some harmful effects characters have created when they change an animal's code to (unintentionally) create a violent monster.

Speculative

.Speculative fiction is a fiction genre speculating about worlds that are unlike the real world in various important ways.^ Various Genres, a progressive rock music sub-genre HOME PROG ROCK GUIDES COLLABORATORS / MEMBERS LOGIN FORUMS PROG RADIOS PROG LINKS ABOUT PROGARCHIVES.COM .
  • Various Genres, a progressive rock music sub-genre 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.progarchives.com [Source type: General]

^ We can talk about contextualized objects, plot, etc, but these vary dramatically across games in the genre without giving us too much additional insight.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ Nintendo needs new genres That last point about the strategies of brand-based publishers is an important one.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

.In these contexts, it generally overlaps one or more of the following: science fiction, fantasy fiction, horror fiction, supernatural fiction, superhero fiction, utopian and dystopian fiction, apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction, and alternate history.^ With luck and a lot of skill, one or more of these will become a major new genre.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ The object of the game can be multiple or divided into steps, placing the game in more than one genre, just as a film's theme and iconography can place a film in multiple genres (the film Blade Runner , for example, fits both science fiction and hard-boiled detective genres).

^ For the year examined, it had 11 participants, one of them being the dominant poster, with fifty percent more postings than the next most frequent poster.
  • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
    • Slipstream: Fantastic or non-realistic fiction that crosses conventional genre boundaries between science fiction/fantasy and mainstream literary fiction.^ Genre: Realistic fiction .

      ^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
      • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

      .The term slipstream was coined by cyberpunk author Bruce Sterling in an article originally published in SF Eye #5, July 1989. He wrote: "...this is a kind of writing which simply makes you feel very strange; the way that living in the twentieth century makes you feel, if you are a person of a certain sensibility." Slipstream fiction has consequently been referred to as "the fiction of strangeness," which is as clear a definition as any others in wide use.
    • Supernatural fiction: Classification of literature used to describe fiction exploiting or requiring as plot devices or themes some contradictions of the commonplace natural world and materialist assumptions about it.^ Interviewee --a term that folklorists use to describe the person they are interviewing.

      ^ Creating a useful definition of Game Genre Much of this apparent growth in the adventure genre stems from poor classification.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Some genres, like classical CD's and video games, are used in activities that entail using a given package of content repeatedly; others, like novels, are not.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      It includes the traditional ghost story. .The Turn of the Screw by Henry James is an example of a work of literary fiction that is also largely concerned with supernatural fiction elements, making play of the possibility that they are psychological at root, but requiring the option that they are not for effect.^ Throw them in front of the second or third FPS that they've played and they will immediately start partaking the in the psychological rewards.

      ^ Text based puzzles that often required an intimate understanding of plot to solve : From a design perspective this required large amounts of custom design work for each puzzle.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Game developers need to begin developing a practical and theoretical understanding of the psychological reward systems they are using to make people react to their games.

      .The newer speculative fiction genres of horror fiction and fantasy fiction, growing out of some of the basic propositions and generic conventions, to a certain extent replaced it.
    • Superhero fiction: Subgenre of fiction that deals with superheroes, supervillains, super-powered humans, aliens, or mutants, and their adventures.^ Genre: fairy tale/adventure fiction .

      ^ Some key points of this essay include: Risk mechanics are the most meaningful defining aspects of game genres Rewards grow with intensity as genres out compete one another in the market place.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ There are many GLBT connections to Science Fiction , Fantasy , Horror , and Suspense & Myster y Literature .
      • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

      .Distinct from (but often derived from) comic books, animated films, and graphic novels, these are prose stories and full-length novels.^ The box also contains a book full of essays about Kurosawa, as well as production info and introductions for each film.
      • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Thomas Schatz , in his book Hollywood Genres , outlines some of the distinctions between literary genre study and film genre study.

      ^ Games based on activities adapted from another medium or gaming activity, such as sports, table-top games, board games, card games, or games whose action closely follows a narrative from a work existing in another medium, such as a book, short story, comic book, graphic novel, or play.

      Superhero fiction is a type of speculative fiction. .This subgenre is often considered part of the genres of science fiction, fantasy, action, adventure, horror, or detective mystery fiction.^ Genre: fairy tale/adventure fiction .

      ^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
      • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

      Some are stand alone novels, some books in a series, and some are anthologies. .Some are individual or unique creations while others are corporate product or promotional tie-ins.^ As usual, each genre fits into the broader patterns of activity in the individuals' lives and the life of the organization, and participation in the genres is a skill that is acquired and in some way transmitted to others.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      Some are also the novelizations of films or television series. .The largest and longest running of the corporate series are those associated with the DC Universe and the Marvel Universe.
    • Utopian and dystopian fiction: The utopia and its offshoot, the dystopia, are genres of literature that explore social and political structures.^ WebLink: University of California Riverside Libraries - Special Collections - including The J. Lloyd Eaton Collection of Science Fiction, Fantasy, Horror, and Utopian Literature - with two fanzine collections .
      • ComicsResearch.org: Genres of Comics 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.comicsresearch.org [Source type: General]

      ^ Designing Genres for New Media Designing Genres for New Media: Social, Economic, and Political Contexts .
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      Utopian fiction is the creation of an ideal world, or utopia, as the setting for a novel. Dystopian fiction is the opposite: creation of a nightmare world, or dystopia. .Many novels combine both, often as a metaphor for the different directions humanity can take in its choices, ending up with one of two possible futures.^ Due to the different types of action and objectives that can occur in a single game, games can often be cross-listed in two or more genres.

      ^ I will try to establish two things: First, that the individual conversations which take place within Babble may be seen as instances of genres, and, in some cases, genres that differ quite distinctly from one another.
      • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The future is not a deterministic outcome of a mechanical procedure; it is a human choice whose outcome may be constrained and biased but is not settled in advance.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Both utopias and dystopias are commonly found in science fiction and other speculative fiction genres, and arguably are by definition a type of speculative fiction.^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
      • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Interactive Fiction Let's use our new genre definition to tightly define a genre.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ The object of the game can be multiple or divided into steps, placing the game in more than one genre, just as a film's theme and iconography can place a film in multiple genres (the film Blade Runner , for example, fits both science fiction and hard-boiled detective genres).

      .More than 400 utopian works were published prior to the year 1900 in the English language alone, with more than a thousand others during the twentieth century.
    • Weird fiction: Speculative literature written in the late 19th and early 20th century.^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
      • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Järvinen is right in saying that video games are diverse, perhaps even more so than other types of media products.

      ^ But that's the very thing that makes it all more interesting now, more than 30 years later.
      • Various Genres, a progressive rock music sub-genre 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.progarchives.com [Source type: General]

      .Weird fiction is distinguished from horror and fantasy in that it predates the niche marketing of genre fiction.^ Go independent : Release online and market to remaining genre addicts through fan sites and ancient journalists still remember your niche genre fondly.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Obtain a clear working definition of genres using concretely definable game mechanics, not ill-defined concepts such as 'fantasy' or 'science fiction'.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Horror Film Genre Horror Cinema Gothic Studies Gothic Fiction and the horror film Literature Horror Novels or Neo-Gothics Cognitive Psychology Evolutionary Psychology .
      • Academia.edu | People | People who have Genre as a research interest (57) 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.academia.edu [Source type: Academic]

      .Because genre or stylistic conventions had not been established, weird tales often blend the supernatural, mythical, and even scientific.^ No one buys it because they don't care about games that are not part of established genres.

      ^ Or, that a game genre equals hybridity, because game genres are complex sums of interaction and rule mechanisms, audiovisual styles, and popular fiction genre conventions.

      British "weird" authors, for example, published their work in mainstream literary magazines even after American pulp magazines became popular. Although "weird fiction" is chiefly a historical description for works through the 1930s, the term has also been used since the 1980s, sometimes to describe slipstream fiction that blends horror, fantasy, and science fiction.

Thriller

A story that is usually a mix of fear and excitement. .It has traits from the suspense genre and often from the action, adventure or mystery genres, but the level of terror makes it borderline horror fiction at times as well.^ Genre: fairy tale/adventure fiction .

^ Paolini timed the suspense well!

^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

It generally has a dark or serious theme, which also makes it similar to drama.
.
    • Disaster-thriller: A thriller story about mass peril, where the protagonist's job is to both survive, and to save many other people from a grim fate, often a natural disaster such as a storm or volcanic eruption, but which may also be a terrorist attack or epidemic of some sort.
    • Psychological thriller: A thriller that emphasizes the psychological condition of the hero that presents obstacles to his objective, rather than the action.^ Some games involve the collecting of pieces of an object which can be assembled once all the pieces are found, such as the bridge in Superman or the urn in Haunted House , although these games often have objectives that involve more than simply collecting, and so should not be considered as belonging to this genre.

      ^ In a few cases, the player-character is primarily defending rather than attacking, as in Atlantis , Commando Raid , Missile Command , and Missile Defense 3-D .

      ^ It probably matters whether other communities, such as employers, derive benefits from the shared thinking of the community's members, as in the case of many professional associations.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      Some psychological thrillers are also about complicated stories that try to deliberately confuse the audience, often by showing them only the same confusing or seemingly nonsensical information that the hero gains.
    • Crime thriller: A thriller story that revolves around the life of detectives, mobs, or other groups associated with criminal events in the story.
    • Techno-thriller: A thriller story whose theme is usually technology, or the danger behind the technology people use, including the threat of cyber terrorism.

Urban

.Urban fiction, also known as Street lit, is a literary genre set, as the name implies, in a city landscape; however, the genre is as much defined by the race and culture of its characters as the urban setting.^ As risk mechanics converge on a standardized interface and set of player activities, a well-defined genre is born.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ Interactive Fiction Let's use our new genre definition to tightly define a genre.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ The majority of games are set in particular well-defined genres.

The tone for urban fiction is usually dark, focusing on the underside. Profanity (all of George Carlin's seven dirty words and urban variations thereof), sex and violence are usually explicit, with the writer not shying away from or watering-down the material. In this respect, urban fiction shares some common threads with dystopian or survivalist fiction. .Often statements derogatory to white people (or at least what is perceived as the dominant Eurocentric culture and power structure) are made, usually by the characters.^ Apart from the fact the video games often do not have happy endings (games usually end with a player-character's death), Schatz's four terms describe the action of most video games.

^ Characters appearing in abstract games may be anthropomorphic in design (such as Q*bert), but usually do not attempt to represent real world animals or people or their behaviors.

However, in the second wave of urban fiction, some variations of this model have been seen.

Film genres

.
  • Animation: A genre descriptor that refers to the medium; animation is the use of computer renderings or drawings (or occasionally photos of representational objects, known as stop-motion animation or claymation) shown in a sequence in order to depict an action or event rather than using the filming of live actors.^ Similarly, Orlikowski, et al [15] have discussed the notion of genre repertoires in organizations, noting that organizations have a particular set of genres on which they can draw to engage in collective action.
    • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ One new issue is that the digital medium is far more malleable than speech or paper, the two principal media for conventional genres.
    • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In Genre and Critical Methodology , Andrew Tudor points out that in relying on theme for the determination of genre, one is confronted with the difficulties in isolating a film's (or rather, film author's) intentions.

    • Traditional Animation: Also known as "cel animation", this is one of the oldest animation subgenres. Basically, it is a way of animating a cartoon by drawing and painting pictures by hand. Each drawing or painting is a different frame of animation, and when they are flipped or put in sequence at the right speed, they give the illusion of movement. .Examples are Beauty and the Beast and Spirited Away.
    • Stop motion: A genre similar to Traditional Animation, however, instead of using hand drawn pictures, stop motion films are made with small figurines or other objects that have their picture taken many times in order to provide the animation frames.^ Or, we have to accept that the diversity of games requires many more genres and subgenres than traditional media products which have benefitted from genre studies.

      ^ My hope is that this simple mechanics-based definition of game genres will provide substantial insight into how genres grow, evolve and eventually fade away.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ The genre does not, however, fully constrain the ways that instances of it might be used.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Examples are The Nightmare Before Christmas, Coraline, and The Corpse Bride.
    • Computer Generated imagery (CGI): A genre of animation that includes animating a cartoon on a computer modeling program.^ The CGI animation looks great and the cast, which includes the likes of Martin Landau and Crispin Glover, is amazing!
      • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

      Models of characters or props are created on the computer, and then programmed to do something specific. Then, when the animation is completely programed, the computer can play a completely computer generated movie. .CGI is often used for the visual effects in Live Action films as well.^ Games which rely primarily on text for the player interface, and often for the description of the game's world and the action which takes place there as well.

      ^ Most often there is a visual or sonic element to the puzzles as well, or at least some verbal description of them.

      .Examples are Up or Toy Story.
    • Puppetry: Although it is technically live action, puppetry is a different way of "animating" a movie and puppets are often used in lieu of live actors.^ Due to the different types of action and objectives that can occur in a single game, games can often be cross-listed in two or more genres.

      ^ This circuitry is often partly professionalized, for example when an industry association sends its members a "manual" of facts and stories and quotes that they can use when articulating an industry perspective in one site of public debate or another.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      Usually, there are small figurines or figures (similar to stop motion), but these are controlled and filmed in real time. .Like CGI, puppetry can be found in Live Action films as a method of achieving a special effect.^ Also enjoy eye candy that includes new cut scenes, slow-mo, and special effects like exploding chips!
      • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

      Examples are The Muppets and The Dark Crystal.
  • Live action: Live action uses the filming or videotaping of live actors instead of animation. Essentially, it is filming using real people, props and sets. .Many a live action production does feature animation to achieve certain special effects work, but the film still falls under live action so long as at least some characters are played by real people whose physical performance is captured on film or video.^ They can also capture their team in action with the expanded Skate.Reel for team based video creation.
    • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It is full of action, drama, and some of the best animation and artwork ever.The main characters, Spike Spiegel and Jet Black, are space bounty hunters down on their luck.
    • Anime Project Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.umich.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Of those, approximately 50 thousand fall under the direct control of the Special Operations Command.
    • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

    Examples are Citizen Kane and The Godfather.

TV genres


  • Serial: A television show which is one continuous story. .Each episode picks up from where the last one left off.^ Not sure what extras (if any) are on the discs, but Hell, I for one am just happy that I can finally pick up the rest of this franchise!
    • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

    ^ No one will know how to play your game and you'll lose most people the moment they pick up the controls.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    .The story may shift with a new season.
  • Game Show: A television show depicting a real contest, typically a trivia competition or physical challenge, with rewards in prizes or money.^ These new genres typically improve on some core game mechanic of a precursor genre.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The changes might be encouraged by regulation, by competition or influence from other genres, from changes in the lives of their users, from shifts to new media, or by the changing purposes of the people who are producing them.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Some of these games are adaptations of board games or quiz shows from television.

    .The players may include celebrities.
  • Reality show: A television show, purportedly unscripted although more evidence points to scripting, featuring non-actors filmed interacting with each other or dealing with invented or contrived challenges, such as surviving on a "deserted" island by finding their own food and shelter, or competing against others for the affections of a certain person.^ This boxed set includes 9l of his feature films including such classics as Blazing Saddles , Spaceballs , and Young Frankenstein .
    • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Most players within the identifiable RTS market segment did not enjoy these games and so it was not in the best interest of the game developers to include the innovative features in their designs.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I couldn’t find much info about this film, but I can at least tell you that the DVD contains the “unrated” version of the film and is featured in widescreen.
    • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

    .Filmed in a similar fashion as the documentary film genre, but with more emphasis on the showing of interpersonal conflict, emotional reactions, or unusual occurrences.
  • Sitcom: Short for Situational Comedy, a generally light-hearted genre which features characters having to deal with odd or uncomfortable situations or misunderstandings.
  • Current Affairs: Definition needed.
  • News Show: A television program depicting real, up-to-date events.
  • Documentary: A documentary is a feature-length or near-feature length film depicting a real-world event or person, told in a journalistic style (if told in a literary narrative style the result is often a docudrama).^ Video game genre study differs markedly from literary or film genre study due to the direct and active participation of the audience, through the surrogate player-character who acts within the game's diegetic world, taking part in the central conflict of the game's narrative.

    ^ More recently, Mark J.P. Wolf has come up with 42 different genres of games according to the kind of interactivity they offer.

    ^ Title: News Theme Genre: Soundtrack Length: 0:27 Instrumentation: Orchestra Big, Bold, piece suitable for news themes or the like.
    • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Example: Hoop Dreams, The Thin Blue Line (documentary)
  • Docudrama: A program depicting some sort of historical or current news event, with specific changes or fabrications for legal, continuity or entertainment reasons.^ Historical blinders prevent them from creating a new mix of potent game mechanics that can compete in current market conditions.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Players will compete, compare, and collaborate in classic Need for Speed modes, as well as thrilling new events, in order to acquire and customize their dream cars.
    • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

    .Depending on the quality of the feature and intended audience, these changes can minimally or completely change the story in relation to the actual events.^ The ability to extract income from a content brand depends on the audience's ability to predict the qualities of each next unit of content before they buy it.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .These programs often depict crime or criminals but can also be used to depict heroics or tell a less-explored side of a well-known story.^ To make this less abstract, let's look at a well known document type-the résumé-through the lens of genre theory.
    • Making Sense of CMC: Conversations as Genres, CMC Systems as Genre Ecologies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.pliant.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Film Studies Film Adaptation Film Analysis Film Genre Film Theory Game studies Use of story-telling in games Genre Intermediality Serious Games ( More ) ( Collapse ) .
    • Academia.edu | People | People who have Genre as a research interest (57) 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.academia.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ While they are often not games themselves, some of these programs have the same appearance as game cartridges and are sometimes collected and traded as game cartridges, and they are usually included in listings of cartridges.

    .Example: United 93 (film) by Paul Greengrass depicts the events aboard United Airlines Flight 93 on September 11, 2001 via reconstruction from the available evidence.^ Examples: A-10 Attack ; Comanche 3 (with Flying ); F/A-18 Hornet 3.0 (with Flying ); Flight Unlimited (with Flying ); Police Trainer ; military and airline flight simulators; and driving simulations used in driver education.

    .Since the specific words the passengers exchanged while planning their assault on the cockpit will never be known, the filmmakers created the dialogue based on research and evidence.^ Brand-based companies rely on the creation of new genres since they can take that brand into the genre for a low risk profit opportunity.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    The Onion Field is another example. .This genre is often criticized for creating sensationalized programs intended to capitalize on public interest in lurid news stories; in the case of the Scott Peterson murder trial, a docudrama starring Dean Cain was filmed and aired during jury deliberations.
  • Soap opera: A television show which is one continuous story.^ Creating new game genres .

    ^ In the worst case scenario, other platforms become the home of new highly profitable genres that lure potential Nintendo customers over to the competing platforms.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The moment Nintendo loses control over their hardware, they lose a major competitive advantage in terms of creating new genres.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    Usually on every day of the week instead of once a week. Can go on for over 20 years. .Example: Days of our Lives, Young and the Restless and Coronation street
  • Police procedural: A television genre some say was pioneered by the popular show Dragnet.^ In the second part I will present a framework for media design based on inquiry into the role of genres in people's activities, followed by some examples.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As usual, each genre fits into the broader patterns of activity in the individuals' lives and the life of the organization, and participation in the genres is a skill that is acquired and in some way transmitted to others.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ (Beyond Good and Evil is one of the more interesting examples of this sort of genre-bending) The adventure game is dead, long live its mutant offspring.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    .The stories revolve around a crime that has been committed and must be solved by the end of the episode following a very generic and usually unchanging structure of events.^ Originally a manga by Rumiko Takahashi, this story revolves around the tenants of a boarding house named Maison Ikkoku.
    • Anime Project Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.umich.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Apophthegm A very thin story built up around a saying (of Jesus or of a prophet).
    • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The crime is committed, witnesses are questioned, an arrest occurs, and then a judicial conclusion wraps it up. .As the name implies, the show communicates everything "by the book," as it would happen in real life.^ I wanted to know everything that would happen next, so I read one night until 2:00 AM! I cant wait until the next book comes out!

    ^ I like the book because everything, besides the part that it was based on animals, seemed so real.

    ^ I liked this book because everything seemed so real, and it had a very exciting beginning.

    In such modern Police Procedurals such as Law & Order, you see and hear even the officers reading freshly arrested criminals their Miranda Rights. Not quite as dramatic or action-oriented as the Dick Tracy-style of detective shows.

Video games genres


.Genres in video games are somewhat different than other forms of art because they are very seldom based on theme, style, tone, or audience as in film or literature.^ Or, we have to accept that the diversity of games requires many more genres and subgenres than traditional media products which have benefitted from genre studies.

^ My hope is that this simple mechanics-based definition of game genres will provide substantial insight into how genres grow, evolve and eventually fade away.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ More recently, Mark J.P. Wolf has come up with 42 different genres of games according to the kind of interactivity they offer.

.Instead most video game genres are based on the way in which the player interacts with the game.^ My hope is that this simple mechanics-based definition of game genres will provide substantial insight into how genres grow, evolve and eventually fade away.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

^ More recently, Mark J.P. Wolf has come up with 42 different genres of games according to the kind of interactivity they offer.

^ In fact, adventure games and their descendents are the second most popular genre as late as 2003.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

.Genres from other types of media like science-fiction or fantasy are sometimes applied to games, but rarely does this concept of genre ever supplant the types described below.^ Science Fiction TBS games .

^ OUTSTANDING GENRE WEB SITE – The Fantastic in Art & Fiction , based at Cornell, explores many themes of Fantasy (such as Fantastic Space, Bestiary, Weird Science, much more) through both literature and the visual arts.
  • GLBT SF, Fantasy & Suspense Literature 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: General]

^ Settings often evoke a particular historical time period and place, such as the middle ages or Arthurian England, or are thematically related to content-based genres such as Science Fiction, Fantasy, or Espionage.

Genres unique to video games:
.
  • Arcade games:
    • Classic/Vintage:
  • Shooter: A game where the main purpose is to fight using, and/or shoot guns.^ Note: For related games, see Fighting and Shoot 'Em Up .

    ^ Games involving characters who fight usually hand-to-hand, in one-to-one combat situations without the use of firearms or projectiles.

    ^ By beginning with the interaction required by the game's primary objective, we can start to divide the wide variety of video games into a series of interactive genres.

    .
    • First-person shooter: A variant of the shooting game.^ Mazes may appear in an overhead view (as in Pac-Man ), a side view (as in Lode Runner ), or first-person perspective (as in Doom ) or hidden from view (as in certain games in Maze Craze ).

      .In the game, the camera is actually in place of the character's eyes, so that you are playing the game from his or her view.
    • Third-person shooter: A shooting game where the camera angle is actually hovering over the playable character as you play.
  • Strategy: A game where the purpose is to strategize.^ If you can't do the above, leave the genre : If you aren't a big player, don't play the game.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mazes may appear in an overhead view (as in Pac-Man ), a side view (as in Lode Runner ), or first-person perspective (as in Doom ) or hidden from view (as in certain games in Maze Craze ).

    ^ As long as you play lip service to the basic theme, you can often get players to try out wildly innovative game mechanics.

    .You have an opponent with the same abilities as you, more or less, and to beat him, you must use your abilities in a much more tactical way.^ Every game from this point forward will be compared to your game and most will fail to offer much value beyond what you've provided.

    ^ If you do your job well, you'll inevitably create a new genre and in turn more genre addicts.

    ^ If you didn’t see a lot to spend your hard-earned cash on this week, have no fear because next week… still pretty much sucks.
    • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Real-time strategy (RTS): A strategy game where everybody plays at the same time, and races to think of a better strategy than the other players.^ In fact, these are "games that can be played with one hand" to quote an anonymous player.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ It is obvious that, in society as we know it, some communities have more effective means for engaging in these kinds of group thinking than others.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Another reason why I think that is the message is because they make up different strategies to see if the bodies are really dead.

      .Most of these video games are about military.^ Although most of these games involve driving skills and can be cross-listed with Driving, some of them, like 1000 Miles , do not.

      ^ Although these games could be considered as Table-Top Games , there is a tradition of video pinball games and a wide variety of them to warrant categorizing them in a genre of their own.

      ^ In most of these games, the fighters are represented as humans or anthropomorphic characters.

    • Turn-based strategy: A strategy game where everybody takes turns.^ In fact, these are "games that can be played with one hand" to quote an anonymous player.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ It is often financially better for a publisher to fund an additional FPS then it is to fund a turn-based strategy game.

      ^ If you can't do the above, leave the genre : If you aren't a big player, don't play the game.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      .Once everybody has placed their units and military characters in the right spot they can't move again until the next turn begins.
  • Musical: A game where music is usually played.^ Games involving characters who fight usually hand-to-hand, in one-to-one combat situations without the use of firearms or projectiles.

    ^ The ability to extract income from a content brand depends on the audience's ability to predict the qualities of each next unit of content before they buy it.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Games which are an adaptation of existing board games (see Adaptation ) or games which are similar to board games in their design and play even if they did not previously exist as board games, like Fooblitzky and Jones in the Fast Lane .

    .To win, the players must match the rhythm of the music by pushing the right button combination until their opponents are unable to keep up with them.^ Games in which gameplay requires players to keep time with a musical rhythm.

    ^ In order to keep the kingdom safe, Prince Laurence must be brought up as Princess Lori.
    • Anime Project Genres 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.umich.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ This term should not be used for games in which shooting an opponent is the main objective (see Combat and Shoot 'Em Up ), unless flying skills are essential to game play and to the winning of the game.

    .Not to be confused with the stage musical or musical film, which are stories that feature characters singing about the events in the plot.
  • Simulation: A game where you must manage and develop fictitious business.^ All features games/chart-game/about The Chart Game: Can you predict the hotness?
    • Music Charts, Most Popular Music, Music by Genre & Top Music Charts | Billboard.com 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.billboard.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This term should not be used for games which a player must learn to operate a machine, such as in Riven (see Puzzle ), nor for games in which the player controls the player-characters directly.

    ^ Games or programs which attempt to simulate a realistic situation, for the purpose of training, and usually the development of some physical skill such as steering (as in driving and flight simulators).

    .For example, in a game you might be asked the manage and build a zoo, and the game simulates this for you in as accurate a way as possible.
  • Puzzle: A game where you must solve puzzles in order to progress through the levels.
  • Party: A type of game, mostly suitable for multiple players and social gatherings.^ In order to do so successfully, the player-character must avoid the pursuing ghosts, and also navigate a maze.

    ^ These games usually involve multiple rounds of betting, allowing a player's stakes or money to grow or diminish over time.

    ^ The term should not be used for games which deal with the allocation of resources or games which are primarily concerned with management (see Management Simulation ).

    .In most of these, the player or players compete or cooperate together in smaller games, or minigames, within the main game.
  • Platform: A Game Where the player must jump on to various platforms to evade obstacles and reach their goal, these games are fairly linear most of the time with levels adhering to a simple A to B structure.
  • Fighting: A game where two or more playable characters fight.^ In most of these games, the fighters are represented as humans or anthropomorphic characters.

    ^ In fact, these are "games that can be played with one hand" to quote an anonymous player.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Your games may sink in quality, but you'll still release one or two more sequels that do reasonably well financially.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    .Each character usually has their own unique moves, and the goal of the game, usually, is to be the last man standing.
  • Racing games:
  • Role-playing game (RPG): A game that isn't (necessarily) about combat.^ When he was about to win the game in the last minute!
    • Wondermark » Archive » Genre microfiction 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC wondermark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Games involving characters who fight usually hand-to-hand, in one-to-one combat situations without the use of firearms or projectiles.

    ^ Each game, they drop out of the race and start the battle anew with fewer competitors and the chance to make their own way in the world.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    .It is a game where the player plays a character, and goes around pretending to be a real person in a fictitious world.^ In fact, these are "games that can be played with one hand" to quote an anonymous player.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This term should not be used for games which a player must learn to operate a machine, such as in Riven (see Puzzle ), nor for games in which the player controls the player-characters directly.

    ^ If you can't do the above, leave the genre : If you aren't a big player, don't play the game.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    .This is also similar to non-video game forms of gaming that involve roleplaying, including play by post gaming and tabletop roleplaying games.^ Games whose main objective involves escaping pursuers or getting out of some form of enclosure.

    ^ Games which are an adaptation of existing board games (see Adaptation ) or games which are similar to board games in their design and play even if they did not previously exist as board games, like Fooblitzky and Jones in the Fast Lane .

    ^ Games which involve two or more players, or one player and a computer-controlled player, shooting some form of projectiles at each other, and in which all players are provided with similar means for a fairly balanced fight.

    .
    • Massive multiplayer online role playing game (MMORPG): A game similar to a regular Role Playing Game, but it is a multiplayer game played via the internet.^ Games which are an adaptation of existing board games (see Adaptation ) or games which are similar to board games in their design and play even if they did not previously exist as board games, like Fooblitzky and Jones in the Fast Lane .

      ^ Multiple player Text Adventures which are networked are considered to be Role-Playing games (see Role-Playing ).

      .During this game, thousands of players can play the same game at the same time.^ In fact, these are "games that can be played with one hand" to quote an anonymous player.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ During the peak of each genre, the genre leaders released large numbers of titles with fundamentally the same core game mechanics.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      ^ If you can't do the above, leave the genre : If you aren't a big player, don't play the game.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      .Players sign on and play and have competitions with other players while the game is commencing.
  • Sports games:
  • Survival/horror: Survival horror games place the player in a horrifying situation to which he/she must escape.^ In fact, these are "games that can be played with one hand" to quote an anonymous player.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This term should not be used for games which a player must learn to operate a machine, such as in Riven (see Puzzle ), nor for games in which the player controls the player-characters directly.

    ^ If you can't do the above, leave the genre : If you aren't a big player, don't play the game.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    .The major emphasis of most survival horror games is placed upon tension and a truly terrifying or grizzly scenario.^ The major focus of most gamers is to buy the top game in a genre in order to get their next fix.

    ^ The result: most games have extremely short shelf lives and only the best of the best (from a financial perspective) make it onto the shelves in the first place.

    Solving clever or complicated puzzles is a major characteristic or the genre. Examples of survival horror games include the Silent Hill, Siren, Resident Evil, Clock Tower, and Parasite Eve series.

Music genres

.
  • Middle Ages: Music composed from around the middle of the 5th century to the middle of the 15th century, largely characterized by monophonic and polyphonic music.
  • Renaissance: Music largely composed from the middle of the 15th century to around 1600.
  • Baroque: Music composed from around 1600 to the middle of the 18th century.
  • Classical: Music that was composed from around the middle of the 18th century until the early 19th century.^ The language continued in ordinary usage among Jews well into the Middle Ages and was revived for modern use in the 19th century.
    • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Also used to describe some more recently-written music (neo-classical) that contains many of the same musical elements.
  • Romantic: Music composed from the early 19th century to about 1900. Also used to describe more recently-written music (Neo-romantic) that contains similar musical elements.
  • 20th century: A wide classification of music composed in the 20th century.^ The "common" Greek language, in contrast to "classical" Greek, was rich in vocabulary but had lost some of the more difficult grammatical features of the ancient tongue.
    • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They also talk about genre death in more detail and clarify some of the wild-assed statements made in the genre addiction article.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Some folks get turned off the use of the word 'addiction', but really I'm talking about basic market segment creation activities.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    This music deals largely with sound experimentation and moving away from the traditional tendencies of tonality.
  • Opera, Operette and Zarzuela
  • Folk: Musical adaptations of old stories that were passed from generation to generation. .Considered somewhat more niche now.
  • Rock: Music that originated from Folk and Blues.^ Like Swimming - Morphine Pop/Rock, review by Lori Leibovich The rock band without a guitar serves up more of the same steamy mood music on "Like Swimming -- now they just need to figure out something else to do.
    • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

    It used newer electrical instruments instead of relying solely on the classical woodwinds and stringed instruments. .It first became popular in the mid 20th century because of famous bands like The Beatles.^ Liquid Skin - Gomez Pop/Rock, review by Dave McCoy Gomez steal from groups like the Beatles, the Band and the Who.
    • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Grindcore: Grindcore is fast, metal-influenced crust punk, often featuring extreme singing styles, low-tuned guitars, blastbeat drumming and short, high-tempo songs.
    • Heavy metal: Similar to Rock, and generally considered a subgenre of it.^ Title: Vulcan Genre: Soundtrack Length: 3:35 Instrumentation: Flutes, Bells, Triangle, Low Drums Tempo: 78 A mystical piece for Flutes, Bells, and Percussion.
      • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Starts off quick with a short drum roll, then continues with guitar.
      • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Jet Generation - Guitar Wolf Pop/Rock, review by Alex Pappademas Garage sounds revisited: Guitar Wolf roars on the loudest record, ever.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      .It usually uses the same electrical instruments, but the music is more intense and less "pop" in style (see below) such as Black Sabbath or Iron Maiden.
    • Punk: a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia.^ Genres can be defined more or less broadly.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ "Saturday Night Live: The Musical Performances" - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Robert Wilonsky "Saturday Night Live" has 24 years of the best acts in rock 'n' roll on tape.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Hot Rod Guitar: The Danny Gatton Anthology - Danny Gatton Pop/Rock Danny Gatton's unbelievable guitar playing embraced so many pop music styles that no record label could ever figure out how to sell him.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      .Rooted in garage rock and other forms of what is now known as protopunk music, punk rock bands eschewed the perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock.^ Midnight Roads and Stages Seen Jason and the Scorchers Pop/Rock Finally, a great live album from the band that first jammed country and punk together.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Blood Brothers - Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band Pop/Rock, review by Joe Heim Heavy music, lite video.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ "March to Fuzz" - Mudhoney Pop/Rock, review by Mac Montandon If Nirvana was tight and Mudhoney was a disaster, why is the other grunge band still around?
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      .Includes work by The Adverts, the Sex Pistols and The Clash.
  • Pop: "Pop music" once referred to any popular music during the time period, though the term has slowly gained use as a more specific (yet still somewhat vague) genre descriptor for music with a catchy, relatively consistent melody, among other aspects.^ And the other genres produced or consumed in these activities include research papers, scholarly books of art criticism, student term papers, other reference works, class presentations, popular articles, and so on.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Film Studies Film Adaptation Film Analysis Film Genre Film Theory Game studies Use of story-telling in games Genre Intermediality Serious Games ( More ) ( Collapse ) .
    • Academia.edu | People | People who have Genre as a research interest (57) 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.academia.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Title: Time Passes Genre: Soundtrack Length: 1:10 Bittersweet and somewhat dark; ends brightly on an open major chord.
    • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It is commonly placed as having started in the mid 20th century, alongside Rock music.^ "Goodbye 20th Century -- SYR 4" - Sonic Youth Pop/Rock, review by Seth Mnookin On "Goodbye 20th Century," Sonic Youth refuse to draw a line between pretension and fun.
    • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

    .Much dance music falls under this genre, and much modern Rock music is considered to include elements of it as well, since bands such as the Beatles were a significant stylistic influence on what is now considered Pop.
  • Rhythm & Blues (R&B) - an evolving range of genres that first began to develop in the early 20th century.^ "Goodbye 20th Century -- SYR 4" - Sonic Youth Pop/Rock, review by Seth Mnookin On "Goodbye 20th Century," Sonic Youth refuse to draw a line between pretension and fun.
    • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Well that’s pretty much it for this edition of Genre Watch gang; I’ll see you next week!
    • The B-Movie Film Vault GENRE WATCH! 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC bmoviefilmvault.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "Saturday Night Live: The Musical Performances" - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Robert Wilonsky "Saturday Night Live" has 24 years of the best acts in rock 'n' roll on tape.
    • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Blues: A somewhat somber, quieter style of music whose name refers to the unhappiness of the performer, and which gained popularity in the early 20th century alongside Jazz, and influenced the early development of Rock music.^ "Goodbye 20th Century -- SYR 4" - Sonic Youth Pop/Rock, review by Seth Mnookin On "Goodbye 20th Century," Sonic Youth refuse to draw a line between pretension and fun.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ "Saturday Night Live: The Musical Performances" - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Robert Wilonsky "Saturday Night Live" has 24 years of the best acts in rock 'n' roll on tape.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Take Your Shoes Off - Robert Cray Rock/Pop Take Your Shoes Off" is a sign of life for Cray after a serviceable if somewhat uninspired decade of anemic electric stylings.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      .A major genre within R&B, and one of its earliest genres as well.
    • Rap music and Hip hop - more rhythmically-based, mostly urban-derived genres, with a wide array of subgenres between them.
    • Jazz - Jazz originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States from a confluence of African and European music traditions.^ "Goodbye 20th Century -- SYR 4" - Sonic Youth Pop/Rock, review by Seth Mnookin On "Goodbye 20th Century," Sonic Youth refuse to draw a line between pretension and fun.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ If you do your job well, you'll inevitably create a new genre and in turn more genre addicts.

      ^ A few major games will dominate the mature genre and it is unlikely that Nintendo’s will be one of them.
      • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

      .Jazz has, from its early 20th century inception, spawned a variety of subgenres, from New Orleans Dixieland dating from the early 1910s, big band-style swing from the 1930s and 1940s, bebop from the mid-1940s, a variety of Latin jazz fusions such as Afro-Cuban and Brazilian jazz from the 1950s and 1960s, jazz-rock fusion from the 1970s and late 1980s developments such as acid jazz, which blended jazz influences into funk and hip-hop.
  • Electronic music - music that employs electronic musical instruments and electronic music technology in its production.^ "Goodbye 20th Century -- SYR 4" - Sonic Youth Pop/Rock, review by Seth Mnookin On "Goodbye 20th Century," Sonic Youth refuse to draw a line between pretension and fun.
    • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Clicks + Cuts - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Andy Battaglia "Clicks + Cuts" reconciles avant-electronic music with the politics of dancing.
    • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But it's the mindless stoner bon mots that distract from what would otherwise be a deliciously narcotic groove (11/24/97) Preemptive Strike - DJ Shadow Pop/rock, review by Natasha Stovall Fusing hip-hop break beats with forays into soul, funk, jazz, new age, classical and real-life-whatnot, DJ Shadow takes us down long, winding rivers of sound on "Preemptive Strike."
    • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

    .It consists of a number of separate genres, many of which are still evolving.^ The number of titles is dropping, but the consolidation that comes from genre addiction still means there are a few big hits left.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    .One major category within this form of music is electronic dance music (EDM) which consists of a multitude of genres and sub-genres and is primarily associated with the dance and club scene.^ A few major games will dominate the mature genre and it is unlikely that Nintendo’s will be one of them.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Clicks + Cuts - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Andy Battaglia "Clicks + Cuts" reconciles avant-electronic music with the politics of dancing.
    • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

    ^ One or two ‘major new genres’ will emerge.
    • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Breakbeat - a term used to describe a collection of sub-genres of electronic music, usually characterized by the use of a non-straightened 4/4 drum pattern (as opposed to the steady beat of house or trance).^ Title: Round Drums Genre: Soundtrack Length: 0:53 Instrumentation: Percussion Tempo: 152 A collection of mostly large drums.
      • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Title: Deliberate Thought Genre: Soundtrack Length: 2:57 Instrumentation: Elecronic, Choir Tempo: 69 Calming round electronic music with a nice delay...
      • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Includes work by The Chemical Brothers, Fatboy Slim and Orbital.
    • Drum and Bass or Jungle - a type of electronic dance music which emerged in the late 1980s which is characterized by fast breaks and basslines.^ Clicks + Cuts - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Andy Battaglia "Clicks + Cuts" reconciles avant-electronic music with the politics of dancing.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ "Aphrodite" - Aphrodite Rock/Pop, review by Michelle Goldberg Aphrodite's first commercial drum 'n' bass record gets at the difference between music for the DJ and music for your stereo.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      .Includes work by Roni Size, Chase & Status and London Elektricity.
    • Ambient - a musical genre that focuses on the timbral characteristics of sounds, particularly organised or performed to evoke an "atmospheric", "visual" or "unobtrusive" quality.
    • Downtempo - a laid-back electronic music style similar to ambient music, but usually with a beat or groove unlike the beatless forms of Ambient music.
    • Electro - a genre of electronic music directly influenced by the use of TR-808 and funk records.^ In particular, every genre implies a distinctive constellation of relationships: it is supposed to be useful to members of a given community, in activities whose forms and purposes are heavily influenced by relationships with the members of particular other communities.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The Geometrid - Looper Pop/Rock, review by Joe Heim Belle and Sebastian spinoff Looper's billowy songs float on groovy rhythms, electronic beats and laid-back vibes.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ It is probably best to identify a genre with a particular medium: a folk song goes through important changes in its transition from live performance to audio recording to music video.
      • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Includes work by Kraftwerk.
    • House - a style of electronic dance music that originated in Chicago, Illinois, USA in the late 1970s and early 1980s.^ Clicks + Cuts - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Andy Battaglia "Clicks + Cuts" reconciles avant-electronic music with the politics of dancing.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ New York Underground - "Little Louie" Vega Pop/Rock, review by Jeff Stark "Little Louie" Vega's mix of early '90s dance remembers a time when electronic music was still sexy.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      .Includes work by Fedde Le Grand and Frankie Knuckles.
    • Trance - a style of electronic dance music that is generally characterized by a tempo of between approximately 128 and 150 BPM, melodic synthesizer phrases, and a musical form that is progressive as it builds up and down throughout a track.^ Title: Deliberate Thought Genre: Soundtrack Length: 2:57 Instrumentation: Elecronic, Choir Tempo: 69 Calming round electronic music with a nice delay...
      • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Clicks + Cuts - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Andy Battaglia "Clicks + Cuts" reconciles avant-electronic music with the politics of dancing.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Title: The Second Coming Genre: Soundtrack Length: 2:26 Instrumentation: Kit, Trombones, French Horns, Strings Tempo: 128 A sound track piece with Kit and Trombones/French Horns throughout.
      • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Includes work by Darude, ATB and Chicane.
    • Techno - a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, USA during the mid to late 1980s.^ Clicks + Cuts - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Andy Battaglia "Clicks + Cuts" reconciles avant-electronic music with the politics of dancing.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      .Includes work by Tomcraft, Leftfield and Moby.
    • UK Garage - an umbrella term that refers to several different varieties of modern electronic dance music generally connected to the evolution of house in the United Kingdom from early/mid-1990s.^ In modern English the term refers to the scriptures .
      • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Modern theologians sometimes take this to refer to an "emptying" of Christ's divinity, and so we have the term "Kenotic Christology" to refer to this interpretation.
      • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Clicks + Cuts - Various Artists Pop/Rock, review by Andy Battaglia "Clicks + Cuts" reconciles avant-electronic music with the politics of dancing.
      • Salon Magazine | Sharps & Flats By Genre: Pop/Rock 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

      Includes work by T2, The Artful Dodger and Shanks & Bigfoot.
  • Reggae - a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. .While sometimes used in a broader sense to refer to most types of Jamaican music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that originated following on the development of ska and rocksteady.^ Instead, the framework is supposed to be useful in making sense of particular cases, whether for understanding what people are already doing with genres or for designing new genres.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ These include the activities through which particular kinds of media are used, but they include much more.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The term may also be used loosely to refer to the institution which supports the practice of those ritual activities.
    • Vocabulary For Biblical Studies 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Reggae is based on a rhythmic style characterized by accents on the off-beat, known as the skank. Reggae is normally slower than ska. .Reggae usually accents the second and fourth beat in each bar.Reggae song lyrics deal with many subjects, including religion, love, sexuality, peace, relationships, poverty, injustice and other social and political issues.
  • Calypso: A music form that developed in the mid 20th century out of Kaiso music.^ The members of a community share a social location because they share relationships to people in other, adjacent locations.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This social capital is then convertible into other forms of capital in a wide variety of ways, usually unforeseen but usually unsurprising.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In practice, of course, we inherit these associational forms and institutions from others -- in other words, we enter a given community's forms of association by being socialized into them.
    • Designing Genres for New Media 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC polaris.gseis.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The genre became a worldwide hit 1950's when the 1956 album titled Calypso was the first full-length record to sell more than a million copies.^ Title: Attack of the Mole Men Genre: Soundtrack Length: 0:40 Instrumentation: Orchestral featuring French horns, chimes, and tremolo strings Tempo: 112 Written as an introduction to a play, this has the feel of a 1950's monster movie.
    • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Title: Promising Relationship Genre: Soundtrack Length: 1:48 Instrumentation: Piano, Strings Tempo: 56 A striking chordal change keeps the first and second halves different.
    • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Title: Touching Moments Four - Melody Genre: Soundtrack Length: 1:49 Instrumentation: Piano More melodic than most of the pieces presented here - can be distracting, or can be just what you're looking for.
    • Royalty Free Music 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.incompetech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Calypso's most notable and popular subgenre is Soca music.

References

  • Charaudeau, P.; Maingueneau, D. & Adam, J. Dictionnaire d'analyse du discours Seuil, 2002
  • Fairclough, Norman. Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research Routledge, 2003

Further reading

  • Sullivan, Ceri (2007) ‘Disposable elements? Indications of genre in early modern titles’, Modern Language Review 102.3, pp. 641–53

External links


Gaming

Up to date as of January 31, 2010

.From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!^ More Resources Become A Children's Book Author This guide offers you the insider information and practical advice you need to achieve your dream of becoming a published children's book author.

^ EA.com Get news and more on the latest games from EA. EA Mobile Find games for your phone The Sims The official site by Maxis Command and Conquer The official site of the Command and Conquer franchise.
  • Search Games - Video Game Browser - EA Games 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.ea.com [Source type: General]

^ Your games may sink in quality, but you'll still release one or two more sequels that do reasonably well financially.
  • Lost Garden 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC lostgarden.com [Source type: General]

.A genre is a category marked by distinctive content or style.^ A genre is simply a fancy name for a group of books which share style, form, or content.

^ This functional task and particular sphere of communication determine genre as an inseparable unity of thematic content, style (linguistic choices) and compositional structure.
  • BOKE / rhetoric / genre? 25 September 2009 0:43 UTC www.boke.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Genre is "a term used in literary criticism to designate the distinct types or categories into which literary works are grouped according to form or technique."

There are several articles about genres on Encyclopedia Gamia:
Disambiguation
This is a disambiguation page which serves to distinguish topics that share a common name.
.Disambiguation pages are navigational aids which list other pages that might otherwise share the same title.^ Requests for additions to the source list should include a full bibliographic citation (and photocopy of the title page, if available) for the item to be added.
  • Genre Source Codes (Library of Congress) 9 January 2010 17:37 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Enjoy  the festivities and take time out to read a good tale...   Please view the   Titles page for a complete list of  our wonderful stories.

^ The film is perceived as sharing aspects and attributes with other films in the same category, and is analysed accordingly.

If an article link referred to this page, you might want to go back and fix it to point directly to the intended page.

This article uses material from the "Genres" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 21, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Genre, which are similar to those in the above article.








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