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Genryaku (元暦 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Juei and before Bunji. This period spanned the years from 1184 through 1185. The reigning emperors were Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇 ?) and Go-Toba-tennō (後鳥羽天皇 ?).[1]


Change of era

  • Genryaku gannen (元暦元年 ?); 1184: The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Juei 3, on the 16th day of the 4th month of 1184.[2]

Events of the Genryaku era

  • Genryaku 2, on the 24th day of the 3rd month (1185): the Taira (also known as the Heike) and the Minamoto clashed in the Battle of Dan-no-ura; and the Heike are utterly defeated.[3]
  • Genryaku 2, 9th day of the 7th month (1185): Great earthquake causes turmoil in the capital and in the neighboring provinces.[3]


  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 207-221; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 334-339; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 215-220.
  2. ^ Brown, p. 337.
  3. ^ a b Kitagawa, Hiroshi et al. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 787.

External links

Genryaku 1st 2nd
Gregorian 1184 1185

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:

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