Geographic Names Information System: Wikis

  
  

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.The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories.^ Context for words: geographic • names • information • system .
  • geographic names information system - related terms and sources 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC cwf.s3.amazonaws.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Geographic Names Information System contains information about physical and cultural geographic features of all types in the United States, associated areas, and Antarctica, current and historical, but not including roads and highways.
  • RMM CADD - GNIS Place Names 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.rmmcadd.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Purpose: The Geographic Names Information System contains information about physical and cultural geographic features of all types in the United States, associated areas, and Antarctica, current and historical, but not including roads and highways.
  • U.S. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) - Illinois Portion 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.isgs.illinois.edu [Source type: Reference]

It is a type of gazetteer. .GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.^ The GNIS accepts proposals for new or changed names for U.S. geographical features.
  • Web Search Results: Gnis 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.shopandgo.com [Source type: General]

^ Geographic Names Information System - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with ...
  • Web Search Results: Gnis 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.shopandgo.com [Source type: General]

^ The BGN deals with the standardization of names, not their regulation.
  • Cartographic Users Advisory Council (CUAC) 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC cuac.wustl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The database is part of a system that includes topographic map names and bibliographic references.^ USGS standard topographic map name.
  • Geographic Names Information System 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.ecy.wa.gov [Source type: Reference]
  • RMM CADD - GNIS Place Names 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.rmmcadd.com [Source type: Reference]

^ This database allows the user to query nearly two million geographic names by feature name, state or territory, elevation, and topographic map name.
  • Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Information - 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.avivadirectory.com [Source type: General]

^ Greetings All: http://geonames.usgs.gov/index.html The USGS Geographic Names Information System, the database of every name on the USGS topographic maps (as well as one for Antarctica) has just been redesigned.
  • [EdGIS] GNIS now allows data extracts in delimited format for GIS input 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC list.terc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The names of books and historic maps that confirm the feature or place name are cited.^ Interior and U.S. Geological Survey, this site includes an engine to search place names and feature names such as cemeteries, rivers, etc.
  • Web Resources: Reference: Atlases and Maps: Gazetteers - MCPL 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.mcpl.lib.mo.us [Source type: Reference]

^ Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Features The GNIS contains the official federally recognized geographic names for all known places, features, and areas in the United States that are identified by a proper name.
  • USGS Databases 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.census.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Geographic Cell Names Data Base contains current cell names and historical cell names, which are bases for most USGS topographic maps.
  • Geographic Names Information System 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC egsc.usgs.gov [Source type: Reference]

.Variant names, alternatives to official federal names for a feature, are also recorded.^ Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Features The GNIS contains the official federally recognized geographic names for all known places, features, and areas in the United States that are identified by a proper name.
  • USGS Databases 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.census.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, their names and locations are recorded in the GNIS, and as such are considered official for federal use.
  • Cartographic Users Advisory Council (CUAC) 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC cuac.wustl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FIPS55 Place Code attrlabl > < attrdef > Originally a five-digit feature record identifier in the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 55 database.
  • RMM CADD - GNIS Place Names 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.rmmcadd.com [Source type: Reference]

The database never removes an entry, "except in cases of obvious duplication".[1]

Contents

Changing names

.The GNIS accepts proposals for new or changed names for U.S. geographical features.^ The US Board on Geographic Names reviews proposals for the naming and renaming of features, but not all proposals are accepted.
  • 'Community' Feature Extract of Louisiana Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Points from USGS source data, Geographic NAD83, LOSCO (1999) [community] 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC katrina.lsu.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ The GNIS accepts proposals for new or changed names for U.S. geographical features.
  • Web Search Results: Gnis 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.shopandgo.com [Source type: General]

^ A form to propose or change a domestic geographic name can be found here also.
  • Cartographic Users Advisory Council (CUAC) 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC cuac.wustl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The general public can make proposals at at the GNIS web site and can review the justifications and supporters of the proposals.^ Process_Date: Not complete Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS - GNIS Process_Step: Process_Description: The following steps were performed by ESRI: Downloaded the tabular files from the U.S. Geological Survey web site.
  • U.S. Geographic Names Information System Summits 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC library.duke.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ The GNIS provides data to all levels of government and to the public, as well as to numerous applications through a web query site, web map and feature services, file download services, and customized files upon request.
  • Geographic Names Information System 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.ecy.wa.gov [Source type: Reference]
  • U.S. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) - Illinois Portion 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.isgs.illinois.edu [Source type: Reference]
  • RMM CADD - GNIS Place Names 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.rmmcadd.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The ASK USGS--Earth Science Information Center (ESIC) web site offers nationwide information and sales service for USGS map products and earth science publications.
  • USGS: National Hydrography Dataset - Geographic Names Information System - GNIS 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC nhd.usgs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other authorities

.
  • The Bureau of the Census defines Census Designated Places which are a subset of locations in the National Geographic Names Database.
  • U.S. Postal Service Publication 28 gives standards for addressing mail.^ The database also contains geographic names in Antarctica.
    • Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC ndis.nrel.colostate.edu [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Sources include: - USGS topographic Maps - Records of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names - U.S. Forest Service topographic maps and visitor maps - State Names Authorities - Council of Geographic Names Authorities (COGNA) - National Park Service (NPS) - Federal, state and local agencies - Public - Other sources Note: GNIS accepts data or data changes for consideration from any source, and upon validation by the Board on Geographic Names or the appropriate Federal or state agency, will enter the data into the database.
    • Metadata: Geographic Names Information System (USGS Place Names) 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.datafinder.org [Source type: Reference]

    ^ The GNIS provides geographic feature name data to the National Hydrography Dataset.
    • Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC ndis.nrel.colostate.edu [Source type: Reference]
    • Geographic Names Information System 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.ecy.wa.gov [Source type: Reference]
    • U.S. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) - Illinois Portion 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.isgs.illinois.edu [Source type: Reference]
    • RMM CADD - GNIS Place Names 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.rmmcadd.com [Source type: Reference]

    In this publication, the postal service defines two-letter state abbreviations, street identifiers such as boulevard (BLVD) and street (ST), and secondary identifiers such as suite (STE).
  • The names of post offices have historically been used to back up claims about the name of a community.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Cartographic Users Advisory Council (CUAC) (April 26-27, 2007). "2007 Agency Presentation Minutes". Reston, VA: US Geological Survey. http://cuac.wustl.edu/annualmtg2007.htm. 

References

.
  • U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, National Mapping Division, Digital Gazeteer: Users Manual, (Reston, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey, 1994).
  • Least Heat Moon, William, Blue Highways: A Journey Into America, (Boston: Little Brown and Company, 1982).^ Attribute : Attribute Label : TYPE Attribute Definition : The feature type Attribute Definition Source : U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 1987 Geographic Names Information System--Data Users Guide 6; Reston, Virginia.
    • SMMS METADATA REPORT 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC inside3.uidaho.edu [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Attribute Domain Values : Range Domain : Range Domain Minimum : -111 00 01 Range Domain Maximum : -117 13 05 Attribute : Attribute Label : NAME Attribute Definition : The official name of the feature Attribute Definition Source : U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 1987 Geographic Names Information System--Data Users Guide 6; Reston, Virginia.
    • SMMS METADATA REPORT 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC inside3.uidaho.edu [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Richard Huffine, National Library Coordinator, United States Geological Survey, Host of CUAC 2007 .
    • Cartographic Users Advisory Council (CUAC) 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC cuac.wustl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 0316353299
  • Jouris, David, All Over The Map, (Berkeley, California: Ten Speed Press, 1994.) ISBN 0898156491
  • Report: "Countries, Dependencies, Areas Of Special Sovereignty, And Their Principal Administrative Divisions," Federal Information Processing Standards, FIPS 10-4. Standard was withdrawn in September 2008, See Federal Register Notice: Vol.^ Canada (CA) edomv > < edomvd > Canada edomvd > < edomvds > Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 10-4, Countries, Dependencies, Areas Of Special Sovereignty, And Their Principal Administrative Divisions, U.S. Department Of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Institute Of Standards And Technology.
    • RMM CADD - GNIS Place Names 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.rmmcadd.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ FIPS55 Place Code attrlabl > < attrdef > Originally a five-digit feature record identifier in the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 55 database.
    • RMM CADD - GNIS Place Names 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.rmmcadd.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Codeset_Source: Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 6-4, Counties And Equivalent Entities Of The United States, Its Possessions, And Associated Areas.
    • Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC ndis.nrel.colostate.edu [Source type: Reference]
    • GRANIT: Metadata 15 September 2009 7:15 UTC www.granit.unh.edu [Source type: Reference]

    73, No. 170, page 51276 (September 2, 2008)
  • Report: "Principles, Policies, and Procedures: Domestic Geographic Names," U.S. Board on Geographic Names, 1997.
  • U.S. Postal Service Publication 28, November 2000.

External links


Simple English

The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) contains name and location information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 19, 2010

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