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Geography of Martinique: Wikis


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Sobriquet: Island of Flowers
Map of Martinique
Location Caribbean Sea
Coordinates 14°40′N 61°00′W / 14.667°N 61°W / 14.667; -61
Archipelago Windward Islands
Area 1,060 km2 (410 sq mi)
Coastline 350 km (220 mi)
Highest point Montagne Pelee (1,397 m (4,580 ft))
Overseas department  Martinique
Largest city Fort-de-France (pop. 134,727)
Population 429,510 (as of 2008)
Density 405.2 /km2 (1,049 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups African and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, Indian Tamil or East Indian, Chinese less than 5%

Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates: 14°40′N 61°00′W / 14.667°N 61°W / 14.667; -61

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

total: 1,100 km²
land: 1,060 km²
water: 40 km²

Area - comparative: slightly more than six times the size of Washington, D.C.

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 350 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm (370.4 km)
territorial sea: 12 nm (22.2 km)

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees Celsius; humid

Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Montagne Pelee 1,397 m

Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

Land use:
arable land: 8%
permanent crops: 8%
permanent pastures: 17%
forests and woodland: 44%
other: 23% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 40 km² (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)

Environment - current issues: NA


See also : Martinique


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