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Geography of Western Sahara: Wikis


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Political map of Western Sahara, including infrastructure and the Moroccan Wall.
Satellite image of Western Sahara, generated from raster graphics data supplied by The Map Library
Topography of Western Sahara

Western Sahara is a territory in Northern Africa, bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean, Morocco proper, Algeria (Tindouf region), and Mauritania. Geographic coordinates: 24°30′N 13°00′W / 24.5°N 13°W / 24.5; -13



Total: 266,060 km²

land: 266,000 km²
water: 0 km²
  • Coastline: 1,110 km;
  • Land boundaries: 2,046 km

The peninsula in the extreme southwest, with the city of Lagouira, is called Ras Nouadhibou, Cap Blanc, or Cabo Blanco. The eastern side is part of Mauritania.

Maritime claims: contingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue




The terrain is mostly low, flat desert with large areas of rocky or sandy surfaces rising to small mountains in south and northeast.

Elevation extremes:

Lowest point: Sebjet Tah -55 m
Highest point: unnamed location 463 m

Natural resources

phosphates, iron ore, fishing resources on Atlantic Ocean coast

Land use

Arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 19%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 81%
Irrigated land: NA km²

Natural hazards

Hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time, often severely restricting visibility. Flash flooding occurs during spring months.



It has a climate that is hot, dry desert; cold offshore air currents produce fog and heavy dew.

Current issues

sparse water and lack of arable land

External links



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