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Afghanistan, Pakistan,
India and Iran
20th century
01-Georg Morgenstierne.jpg
Morgenstierne during a field work in Chitral, Pakistan
Name: Georg Valentin von Munthe af Morgenstierne
Birth: 1892
Death: 1978
School/tradition: Descriptive linguistics
Main interests: Indo-Iranian languages

Georg Morgenstierne (1892 Oslo, Norway – 1978, Oslo, Norway) was a Norwegian professor of linguistics with the University of Oslo (UiO). He specialized in Indo-Iranian languages.



During the years 1923 to 1971 Morgenstierne carried out field works in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Iran. In 1924, he undertook the first of his two major linguistic expeditions. He arrived in Kabul with a personal letter of introduction to the King of Afghanistan, from the King of Norway. Together with studying the languages, Morgenstierne collected remarkable scientific materials from the culture of the regional people, like images, movies from pre-Islamic ceremonial dances and sound recordings from nearly extinct languages[1]. The materials are available in his database at the National Library of Norway.


Further reading

  • Nils Johan Ringdal: Georg Valentin von Munthe af Morgenstiernes forunderlige liv og reiser Aschehoug 2008 ISBN 9788203188336 (Norwegian)
  • Ulf Andenæs: En norsk legende i Orienten. Bokanmeldelse i Aftenposten Kultur 22. may 2008 side 10 (Norwegian)

External links



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