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George Allen


In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Chuck Robb
Succeeded by Jim Webb

In office
January 15, 1994 – January 17, 1998
Lieutenant Don Beyer
Preceded by L. Douglas Wilder
Succeeded by Jim Gilmore

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th district
In office
November 3, 1991 – January 3, 1993
Preceded by D. French Slaughter, Jr.
Succeeded by Thomas J. Bliley, Jr.

In office
1982–1991

Born March 8, 1952 (1952-03-08) (age 58)
Whittier, California
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) (1) Anne Patrice Rubel Allen, divorced;

(2) Susan Brown Allen

Children Forrest, Tyler, and Brooke
Residence Mount Vernon, Virginia
Alma mater University of Virginia
University of Virginia School of Law
Occupation attorney
Religion Presbyterian

George Felix Allen (born March 8, 1952) is a former United States Senator from the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the son of former NFL head coach George Allen. Allen served Virginia in the state legislature, as the 67th Governor, and in both bodies of the U.S. Congress. Allen's re-election in the 2006 race seemed likely until a video was revealed that showed him apparently using a racial epithet when referring to a staffer for his opponent, Democrat Jim Webb.[1] Allen now serves on the Reagan Ranch Board of Governors of Young America's Foundation where he is a Reagan Ranch Presidential Scholar.

Contents

Family and early years

Allen's father, George Herbert Allen, was a legendary NFL coach who was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2002.[2] During the 2006 senatorial campaign it was revealed that Allen's mother, Henrietta Lumbroso, was born to Sephardic Jewish parents in Tunisia.[3] He has a younger sister, Jennifer, an author and correspondent for NFL Network, and two brothers, including Bruce Allen, the current general manager of the Washington Redskins and former general manager of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Allen was born in Whittier, California. He and his family lived there until 1957. They moved to the suburbs of Chicago after George Sr. got a job with the Chicago Bears. Then, the family moved back to Southern California (Palos Verdes) in 1966 after Allen's father was named head coach of the Los Angeles Rams.[4]

Education

Allen graduated in 1970 from Palos Verdes High School, where he was a member of the falconry club and the car club. He was also quarterback of the varsity football team.

Allen attended the University of California, Los Angeles, for a year before transferring to the University of Virginia, in 1971, where he received a B.A. degree with distinction in history in 1974. He was class president in his fourth year at UVA.

After graduating, Allen completed a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1977. In 1976 he was the chairman of the "Young Virginians for Ronald Reagan". Allen was a supporter of Richard Nixon and the Vietnam War, although he did not serve in that conflict, taking a student deferment instead.[5]

Personal

Allen married Anne Patrice Rubel in June 1979. They divorced in 1983. In 1986 Allen married Susan Brown. The couple have three children: Tyler, Forrest and Brooke. The Allens are residents of Mount Vernon, Virginia.

Allen is a member of the Presbyterian Church. He is fond of using football metaphors, a tendency that has been remarked upon by journalists and political commentators.[6][7] Allen has been chewing tobacco since he was introduced to it in high school by his father's football players.

Career

Virginia state delegate

After earning his law degree, Allen served as clerk for a federal judge and then opened a law office in Charlottesville. Allen's first race for the Virginia House of Delegates was in 1979, two years after he graduated from law school. He placed third in a field of four candidates. Allen states that he lost because he wasn't himself and was listening to the advice of his campaign manager who suggested he wear wingtips instead of his usual cowboy boots. He ran again in 1981 with the cowboy boots and won the election.[8] The seat he held was the same one held by Thomas Jefferson. He was a delegate from 1982 to 1991, representing a district in Albemarle County. In his Charlottesville law office, Allen had a noose hanging from a ficus tree, a decoration some critics have argued was racially insensitive, but that Allen has explained as a symbol of his tough stance on law-and-order issues and as "really more of a lasso."[9]

U.S. House of Representatives

On November 5, 1991, Allen won a special election to fill the seat in the U.S. House of Representatives for Virginia's 7th District. Incumbent congressman D. French Slaughter, Jr. had resigned due to a series of strokes. Allen's opponent was Slaughter's cousin, Kay Slaughter. Allen won with 63 percent of the vote.[10]

Allen's career in the House was short-lived. In the 1990s round of redistricting, Allen's district, which stretched from the fringes of the Washington suburbs to Charlottesville and included much of the Shenandoah Valley, was eliminated even though Virginia gained a congressional seat as a result of the 1990 Census. This was because of the Justice Department's mandate to create a black-majority district in accordance with the Voting Rights Act.

The 7th, which had been the home district of the Byrd family dynasty, was split among three neighboring districts. While his home in Earlysville was placed in the 5th District of Lewis F. Payne, Jr., most of his district was placed in the 10th District of Frank Wolf. Allen moved to Mount Vernon and prepared to challenge Wolf in a primary. However, he bowed out of the primary a short time later; state Republican leaders had let it be known that he could not expect any support for his planned run for governor in 1993 if he made such a challenge.

Governor

Governor Allen visiting the USS George Washington in July 1996.

In November 1993, Allen was elected the 67th Governor of Virginia, serving from 1994 to 1998. His opponent in the 1993 election, Attorney General Mary Sue Terry, had an early 29-point lead in public opinion polls[11] and a million-dollar fundraising advantage.[12] However, Allen struck a hot button with voters across party and racial lines with his campaign proposal to abolish parole. This response to a surge of crime in the state connected with voters, in contrast to Terry's proposal to increase gun control as a remedy.[13] Allen overcame the deficit and won with 58.3% of the vote, the largest margin (+17.4 points) since Albertis S. Harrison Jr. defeated H. Clyde Pearson with a margin of +27.7 points in 1961.[14][15]

Allen could not run for re-election because Virginia's constitution does not allow a governor to succeed himself; as of 2007 Virginia is the only state that has such a provision.[16]

Law partner

In February 1998, Allen became a Richmond-based partner at the law firm McGuire Woods Battle & Boothe (now McGuireWoods LLP), as head of its business expansion and relocation team. At the time, Allen said "I think it's healthy to get out of government. If you stay in too long, you lose track of reality and the real world."[17] According to a disclosure form Allen filed on May 12, 2000, he was paid $450,000 by the firm between January 1999 and April 2000.[18]

Board member

While out of office, Allen became a director at two Virginia high-tech companies and advised a third, all government contractors that he had assisted while governor.[19]

Xybernaut

In mid-1998, Allen joined the board of Xybernaut,[20] a company selling mobile, flip-screen computers. The firm never made a profit– it posted 33 consecutive quarterly losses after it went public in 1996.[21] In September 1999, Allen and the rest of the company's board dismissed the company's accounting firm, PricewaterhouseCoopers, which had issued a report with a "going concern" paragraph that questioned the company’s financial health.[22]

Allen made almost no money from the stock, according to his communications director, John Reid.[18] According to the Associated Press, Allen steered compensation from his board service, other than stock options, to his law firm.[19] He was granted options worth $1.5 million at their peak.[18] Allen listed them on his disclosure forms for 2002 and 2003,[18] but never exercised them.[18]

Commonwealth Biotechnologies

Allen joined Commonwealth's board of directors about two months after leaving the governor's office in January 1998. "I learned a lot on their board and enjoyed working with 'em, and they seem to be doing all right, I guess," Allen said in October 2006.

Commonwealth granted Allen options on 15,000 shares of company stock at $7.50 a share in May 1999. Allen steered other compensation from his board service to his law firm, McGuire Woods. As of late 2006, Allen had not cashed in any options; the stock as of that date was well under $5 per share, making the options valueless for the moment. Commonwealth reported its first full year of profitability in 2005.[19]

Com-Net Ericsson

Allen became a member of the advisory board of Com-Net Ericsson in February 2000. The advisory board's responsibility was to meet at least twice a year and provide advice and service. Allen terminated his service on the board before the end of 2000. He was paid approximately $300,000 for his services.[23]

United States Senate

Allen was elected to the Senate in November 2000, defeating the Democratic incumbent, Chuck Robb. George Allen was the only Republican to unseat a Democratic incumbent that year.[24] Allen was a member of the Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee, the Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee, the Foreign Relations Committee and the Energy and Natural Resources Committee.

Allen was appointed in the last Congress to serve as the chairman of the High Tech Task Force. Allen was elected as a member of the Senate Republican leadership as Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee in 2002, and oversaw a net gain of four seats for the Republicans in the 2004 Senate elections. His successor as NRSC chair was Senator Elizabeth Dole. Dole was chairman of the NRSC in 2006, when Allen was defeated for re-election by Jim Webb.

Below are some bills that Allen introduced or authored in the Senate[25]

  • Introduced Constitutional Amendment to balance the budget[26]
  • Introduced Line Item Veto[27]
  • Introduced Paycheck Penalty Legislation, which withholds salaries from Congress until a budget is passed by beginning of the fiscal year[28]
  • Introduced National Innovation Act, which promotes growth of American science and engineering by grants, scholarships and training[29]
  • Introduced "Long-Term Care Act", which would allow people to use their 401(k) accounts to pay for long term care insurance[30]
  • Introduced "Flexibility for Champion Schools Act", which would allow states with higher education standards to lower their standards to match federal standards[31]
  • Co-authored the Internet Tax Nondiscrimination Act, which extends the ban on various Internet taxes until 2007

While serving in the Senate, Allen played a minor role as a Confederate officer in the 2003 film Gods and Generals, a movie that included many cameos of politicians such as Senator Robert Byrd and former Senator Phil Gramm [1]. His role included singing "The Bonnie Blue Flag" (Video) with this refrain:

Hurray! Hurrah!
For Southern Rights, Hurrah!
Hurrah for the Bonnie Blue Flag
That bears a Single Star!

2006 re-election campaign

Allen's term in the Senate expired in January 2007. He sought re-election in 2006. Allen won the Republican nomination on August 11, 2006, and faced two opponents in the general election: the Democratic Party nominee, former Secretary of the Navy James H. Webb,[32] and Gail Parker, a retired Air Force officer and retired civilian Pentagon budget analyst who ran on the Independent Green Party ballot line. Allen ran a campaign that appealled to cultural conservatives. During the campaign the Marshall-Newman Amendment was also on the ballot.

While the Virginia State Board of Elections still withheld its certification of the election results as of nightfall on November 8, Allen appeared in the initial count to fall short of winning re-election. Webb held a lead of approximately a third of a percent– 8,805 votes– for most of November 8; by the afternoon, he had named a transition team to plan the staffing of his Senate office.[33][34] On November 9, 2006, Senator Allen held a press conference in Alexandria, announcing he had conceded the race to challenger James Webb, and would not seek a recount, even though he was legally entitled to do so.[35]

Ownership of Barr Labs stock

It was reported on August 8, 2006, that Allen owned stock in Barr Pharmaceuticals, maker of the Plan B "morning after pill". The Webb campaign criticized Allen for holding stock in a company that makes a product that many of his supporters oppose. Allen responded by saying that he holds the stock because Barr has created jobs in Virginia, and by pointing to his consistently pro-life voting record.[36] As governor, Allen pushed successfully for parental notification of teenagers' abortions, and in the Senate, he opposed the approval of Plan B for over-the-counter sales, though he still favors its legality.[37] Allen opposes the use of public funding for elective abortions, although he supports the legality of abortions in cases of incest, rape, or when the woman's life is endangered.[38]

Macaca controversy

Allen points to Webb aide S.R. Sidarth, referring to him as "Macaca."[39]

On August 11, 2006, at a campaign stop in Breaks, Virginia, near the Kentucky border, Allen twice used the word macaca to refer to S.R. Sidarth, an Indian-American, who was filming the event as a "tracker" for the opposing Webb campaign. Macaca is generally used in francophone African nations, which led to speculation that Allen may have heard the epithet from his mother,[40] a Francophone who grew up in French-colonial Tunisia. Allen apologized and later said that he did not know the meaning of the word.[41] In 2008, The Washington Post speculated that, were it not for this single utterance, Allen would have been a strong candidate for the 2008 GOP presidential nomination.[42]

Allegations of Allen's use of racial slurs in college

On September 24, 2006, Salon.com Washington correspondent Michael Scherer reported that the magazine had interviewed 19 of his teammates and that "[t]hree former college football teammates of Sen. George Allen say that the Virginia Republican repeatedly used the racial epithet 'nigger' and demonstrated racist attitudes toward blacks during the early 1970s."[43] One of Allen's classmates who made such a claim is University of Virginia political science professor Larry Sabato. Sabato later said his information was second hand.[44] However, seven teammates have stated they do not recall any racist behavior on Allen's part. Four of these have made statements that were released by the Allen campaign.[45] Allen dismissed the claims as "ludicrously false."[46]

Mother's religious and ethnic background

On August 25, 2006, the Jewish periodical The Forward reported that in all likelihood, Allen's mother Etty Allen, née Henrietta Lumbroso, was Jewish.[40] At a debate on September 18, 2006, WUSA-TV reporter Peggy Fox noted to Allen, "It has been reported that your grandfather Felix, whom you were given your middle name for, was Jewish." Fox went on to ask, "Could you please tell us whether your forebearers include Jews, and if so, at which point Jewish identity might have ended?" Allen's indignant response, criticizing Fox for "making aspersions," attracted the attention of the national press, prompting speculation that he wanted to conceal any Jewish ancestry. The next day, Allen issued a statement confirming his mother's Jewish ancestry. Allen said his mother feared retribution against her family if her religious and ethnic background became public, and had originally asked Allen to keep that information private.[47]

Views on the Confederate flag

Allegedly, Allen displayed the Confederate flag, in some way, from 1967 to 2000.[9][48] Allen wore a Confederate flag pin for his high school senior class photo. In 1993, Allen's first statewide TV campaign ad for governor included a Confederate flag. Greg Stevens, the political consultant who made the 1993 TV ad, confirmed its inclusion. Allen has confirmed that the pin in his high school yearbook was a Confederate flag. Allen, who was observed by classmates at Palos Verdes High School driving his Ford Mustang with the Confederate flag in the front license plate frame, has said "it is possible" that he had a Confederate flag on his car in high school.[9]

Some minority groups, especially African-Americans, in Virginia criticized Allen for his policies and his embrace of the Confederate flag. Allen however claims that the confederate flag is a symbol of southern and state heritage as Virginia was the capital of the Confederacy. Allen also opposed a separate state holiday commemorating Martin Luther King Jr.[49] The state holiday in favor of Martin Luther King Jr. was initially attached to Lee-Jackson day, a day honoring noted Generals Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson. There was much controversy in Virginia about combining the days. Governor Jim Gilmore proposed splitting the days into a Lee-Jackson Day and a Martin Luther King day.[50]

In 1995, 1996, and 1997, Allen proclaimed April as Confederate History and Heritage Month and called the Civil War "a four-year struggle for independence and sovereign rights."[51] The proclamation did not mention slavery, and his successor, Republican Governor James Gilmore, changed the proclamation and wrote a version that denounced slavery.[48]

Allen's sister's memoir

In 2000, Allen's younger sister Jennifer Allen Richard wrote in her memoir Fifth Quarter: The Scrimmage of a Football Coach's Daughter (Random House Publishing, 2000) that Allen sometimes violently attacked his younger siblings and his sister's boyfriend during his childhood.[52]

In May 2006, Richard qualified some of the claims made in the book.[53] She stated that the book was a "novelization of the past" and written from the perspective of a young girl "surrounded by older brothers and a larger-than-life father." She states that she has a good relationship with her brother and noted that Allen stepped in for their father to walk her down the aisle at her wedding.[54]

2008 Presidential election

Prior to his loss to Webb in the November 2006 senatorial election, Allen had traveled a number of times to Iowa (the first state with a presidential caucus) and New Hampshire (the first state with a presidential primary). He had been widely assumed to be preparing a run for president.[55]

In a survey of 175 Washington insiders by National Journal, released in April 2005, Allen was the frontrunner for the Republican nomination for the 2008 presidential election.[56] In an insider survey by National Journal a year later, in May 2006, Allen had dropped to second place, and John McCain held a 3-to-1 lead over Allen.[57]

After the November 2006 election, it was widely assumed that Allen was no longer a viable candidate for the Republican nomination, principally because of the damage caused by the incidents that caused his double-digit lead in the polls to turn to a narrow defeat that contributed to the Republicans' loss of control of the Senate.[58][59][60]

On December 10, 2006, Allen gave an interview in which he stated that he would not seek the 2008 nomination.[61]

Current activities

In March 2007, Allen became a Reagan Scholar with Young America's Foundation. He is also the President of George Allen Strategies, a lobbying and consulting firm based in Alexandria, Virginia,[62] and leads the American Energy Freedom Center, a conservative think tank affiliated with the Institute for Energy Research.[63] He is also writing a book entitled The Triumph of Character: What Washington Can Learn From the World of Sports.[63]

In October 2007, the campaign of GOP presidential candidate Fred Thompson announced that Allen was one of three national co-chairs for the campaign. That month, Allen declined to speculate on his political future. Commenting on the 2009 governor's race in Virginia, Allen not only said that he had made no decisions but that "Susan and I have listened to a lot of people encouraging us to do that."[64] On January 8, 2008, Allen said that he would not run for governor in 2009, but later left open the possibility of challenging Democratic Senator Webb in 2012.[65]

References

  1. ^ New York Times
  2. ^ "George Allen". Football Hall of Fame. 2006. http://www.profootballhof.com/hof/member.jsp?player_id=14. 
  3. ^ "New 'N Word' Woe For George Allen". CBS News. 2006-09-26. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/09/26/politics/main2039589.shtml. Retrieved 2007-08-30. 
  4. ^ "George Allen: Pro Football Hall of Fame Head Coach". About.com. 2006. http://football.about.com/od/arenafootball/l/bl_georgeallen.htm. 
  5. ^ Friske, Warren (July 9, 2006). "Allen, Webb define Iraq stances". The Virginian-Pilot. http://home.hamptonroads.com/stories/story.cfm?story=107287&ran=42213. 
  6. ^ "A Tough Question for George Allen". The Decembrist. 2005-05-13. http://markschmitt.typepad.com/decembrist/2005/05/a_tough_questio.html. Retrieved 2006-08-15. 
  7. ^ "Mixing Politics, Pigskins". The Washington Post. February 6, 2006. p. C01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A1422-2005Feb5.html. 
  8. ^ Holeman, Daniel (2006-07-18). "The Jeffersonian". American Spectator. http://www.americanprowler.org/dsp_article.asp?art_id=10100. 
  9. ^ a b c "GEORGE ALLEN'S RACE PROBLEM". The New Republic. May 8, 2006. http://www.tnr.com/doc.mhtml?i=20060508&s=lizza050806. 
  10. ^ Jake Tapper, Dead senator running?, Salon magazine, November 17, 1999.
  11. ^ B. Drummond Ayres Jr (1993-11-03). "The 1993 Elections: Virginia; Conservative Republican Wins Easily". New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00610F73F550C708CDDA80994DB494D81&n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fOrganizations%2fD%2fDemocratic%20Party. 
  12. ^ "The Virginia Elections and State Elected Officials Database Project, 1776–2005". University of Virginia Library. http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/valeg/php/candidates.php?eid=1993RVAG. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  13. ^ George Allen (1998-12-09). "Remarks of Governor George Allen to the Heritage Foundation". The Heritage Foundation. http://www.heritage.org/Research/PoliticalPhilosophy/HL628a.cfm. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  14. ^ The Virginia Elections and State Elected Officials Database Project, 1776–2005
  15. ^ Our Campaigns
  16. ^ "One Price of a One-Term Governor High Turnover". The Virginian-Pilot. 1996-05-16. p. A14. http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/VA-news/VA-Pilot/issues/1996/vp960516/05160010.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  17. ^ Mark Hilpert, "Ex-Gov. Allen now `rainmaker' for Va. law firm", Washington Business Journal, February 13, 1998
  18. ^ a b c d e Garance Franke-Ruta,"Just a Gigolo: In the go-go ’90s, George Allen sat on the board of a Virginia tech company. Now, the company faces several class-action suits and an SEC insiders probe", American Prospect magazine, issue date of September 12, 2006
  19. ^ a b c Sharon Theimer and Bob Lewis, "AP: Allen failed to report stock options" Associated Press, October 8, 2006
  20. ^ Xybernaut October 1, 1999 SB-2 SEC filing
  21. ^ Ellen McCarthy, "Xybernaut Hid Gathering Storm In Bright Forecasts", Washington Post, April 21, 2005
  22. ^ Xybernaut SEC filing, Form 8-K, September 19, 1999
  23. ^ Chris Flores, News & Advance, June 2002, cited at
  24. ^ Trandahl, John (2001-06-21). "STATISTICS OF THE PRESIDENTIAL AND CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 7, 2000". http://clerk.house.gov/members/electionInfo/2000/2000Stat.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  25. ^ Legislation in Current Congress. The Library of Congress. Last accessed September 15, 2006.
  26. ^ "George Allen on Budget & Economy". OntheIssues.org. http://www.ontheissues.org/Economic/George_Allen_Budget_+_Economy.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  27. ^ "Senator Allen Proposes Federal Line Item Veto Amendment". The Western Alliance. 2005-09-28. http://westernalliance.blogspot.com/2005/09/senator-allen-proposes-federal-line.html. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  28. ^ "ALLEN CALLS FOR A “PAYCHECK PENALTY” ON CONGRESS". American Chronicle. 2006-02-10. http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/viewArticle.asp?articleID=5712. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  29. ^ "National Innovation Act Introduced". UCLA Government & Community Relations. 2005-12-15. http://www.advocacy.ucla.edu/news/051215_fed_innovation.html. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  30. ^ "S. 1706: Long-Term Care Act of 2005". GovTrack. http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=s109-1706. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  31. ^ "S. 901: Flexibility for Champion Schools Act". GovTrack. http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=s109-901. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  32. ^ Schapiro, Jeff E. (2006-05-17). "Former Robb aides endorse Webb in primary". Richmond Times-Dispatch. http://www.timesdispatch.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=RTD/MGArticle/RTD_BasicArticle&c=MGArticle&cid=1137836125082&path=!news&s=1045855934842. Retrieved 2006-10-31. 
  33. ^ Hugh Lessig (2006-11-08). "Webb still hangs on to a narrow lead". The Daily Press. http://www.dailypress.com/news/local/dp-elexfolo.n9,0,3744712.story?coll=dp-news-local-final. 
  34. ^ "Senator-Elect Webb Names Three to Transition Team". Jim Webb for Senate. 2006-11-08. http://www.webbforsenate.org/blog/node/263. 
  35. ^ "Webb promises 'diplomatic solution' in Iraq". CNN. 2006-11-09. http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/11/09/va.senate/index.html. 
  36. ^ Craig, Tim (2006-08-09). "Abortion Foe Allen Faulted for Stock in Morning-After Pill Maker". Washington Post: p. B05. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08/08/AR2006080801323.html. Retrieved 2006-10-27. 
  37. ^ Rein, Lisa (2006-10-23). "Women's Vote Could Tip Close Contest". Washington Post: p. A01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/22/AR2006102201161.html. Retrieved 2006-10-27. 
  38. ^ "2006 Congressional National Political Awareness Test". Project Vote Smart. http://www.vote-smart.org/npat.php?can_id=CNIP9093. Retrieved 2006-10-28. 
  39. ^ "Allen's Listening Tour". YouTube. 2006-08-14. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9G7gq7GQ71c. Retrieved 2006-08-15. 
  40. ^ a b Kessler, E.J. (2006-08-25). "Alleged Slur Casts Spotlight On Senator’s (Jewish?) Roots". The Forward (The Jewish Daily Forward). http://www.forward.com/articles/alleged-slur-casts-spotlight-on-senator%E2%80%99s-jewis/. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  41. ^ Craig, Tim (2006-08-15). "Allen Quip Provokes Outrage, Apology". Washington Post: p. A01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08/14/AR2006081400589.html. 
  42. ^ Tim Craig (2008-02-06). "The 'What If' of Allen Haunts the GOP Race". The Washington Post. p. B01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/02/05/AR2008020503237.html. 
  43. ^ Scherer, Michael (2006-09-24). "Teammates: Allen used "N-word" in college". Salon.com. http://salon.com/news/feature/2006/09/24/allen_football/. Retrieved 2006-10-29. 
  44. ^ http://www.readthehook.com/stories/2006/11/02/COVER-Sabato-E.doc.aspx
  45. ^ Sluss, Michael (2006-09-26). "Allen denies use of racial epithet at UVa". Roanoke.com. http://www.roanoke.com/politics/wb/wb/xp-84366. 
  46. ^ Lewis, Bob (2006-09-25). "Sen. Allen Denies Using Racial Slur". Associated Press. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15001190/. Retrieved 2006-10-29. 
  47. ^ Shear, Michael D (2006-09-21). "Allen's Mother Revealed Jewish Heritage to Him Last Month". Washington Post: p. A01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/20/AR2006092001965.html. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  48. ^ a b "George Allen's Flag Fetish". The New Republic. May 15, 2006. http://www.tnr.com/doc.mhtml?i=20060515&s=lizza051506. 
  49. ^ "George Allen's America". Washington Post. 2006-08-15. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08/14/AR2006081401114.html. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  50. ^ Matthew Barakat (2000-02-15). "Confederate group opposes move to rename bridges". Oakridger. http://www.oakridger.com/stories/021500/stt_0215000003.html. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  51. ^ "Governor Is Criticized For 'Confederacy Month'". The New York Times. April 11, 1997. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0DEFD7103CF932A25757C0A961958260. 
  52. ^ Fifth Quarter: The Scrimmage of a Football Coach's Daughter Contains editorial reviews
  53. ^ "Campaign Complicates Allen's Ambitions". ABC News. May 14, 2006 Ron Fournier. http://www.abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory?id=1961584&page=3. 
  54. ^ Bill Sammon (2006-09-19). "Meet the Next President: George Allen stays the course". The Examiner. http://www.examiner.com/a-295550~Meet_the_Next_President__George_Allen_stays_the_course.html. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  55. ^ Heilemann, John (2006-03-13). "George III". New York Magazine. http://nymag.com/news/politics/powergrid/16381/. Retrieved 2006-10-27. 
  56. ^ Glazer, Gwen (2005-04-29). "Signed, Sealed... But Not So Fast. Insiders' Predictions For WH 2008 May Not Match Public's Vision". National Journal. http://www.moore-info.com/signedsealed....htm. 
  57. ^ "McCain Roars Past Allen In New NJ Insiders Poll". National Journal. 2006-05-11. http://hotlineblog.nationaljournal.com/archives/2006/05/watch_your_verb.html. 
  58. ^ Richard Allen Greene, BBC News, "White House hopefuls begin race", 10 November 2006. Retrieved November 19, 2006
  59. ^ George Will, "Allen's Fumbles, Romney's Gain", Washington Post, November 1, 2006. Retrieved November 19, 2006
  60. ^ Nitya Venkataraman, ABC News, "Mr. President? 2008 is Closer Than it Appears", Nov. 19, 2006. Retrieved November 19, 2006
  61. ^ http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/news/politics/16207686.htm
  62. ^ George Allen Strategies (2009). Principals. Retrieved August 14, 2009.
  63. ^ a b Sandhya Somashekhar, Allen Tries to Shake Off the 'Macaca' Shadow, Washington Post, August 14, 2009.
  64. ^ Michael D. Shear, "George Allen's Back And Touting Thompson", Washington Post, October 9, 2007
  65. ^ Sandhya Somashekhar and Tim Craig, "Allen Rejects Run Next Year For 2nd Term As Governor", Washington Post, January 9, 2008

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
D. French Slaughter, Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th congressional district

November 5, 1991 – January 3, 1993
Succeeded by
Thomas J. Bliley, Jr.
Political offices
Preceded by
L. Douglas Wilder
Governor of Virginia
January 15, 1994 – January 17, 1998
Succeeded by
James S. Gilmore
United States Senate
Preceded by
Charles S. Robb
United States Senator (Class 1) from Virginia
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2007
Served alongside: John W. Warner
Succeeded by
James H. Webb, Jr.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bill Frist
Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee
2003 – 2005
Succeeded by
Elizabeth Dole
Preceded by
J. Marshall Coleman
Republican Party nominee for Governor of Virginia
1993
Succeeded by
James S. Gilmore
Preceded by
Oliver North
Republican Party nominee for United States Senator from Virginia (Class 1)
2000, 2006
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