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George Clinton


In office
March 4, 1805 – April 20, 1812
President Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
Preceded by Aaron Burr
Succeeded by Elbridge Gerry

In office
July 30, 1777 – July 1, 1795
Lieutenant Pierre Van Cortlandt
Succeeded by John Jay
In office
July 1, 1801 – July 1, 1804
Lieutenant Jeremiah Van Rensselaer
Preceded by John Jay
Succeeded by Morgan Lewis

Born July 26, 1739(1739-07-26)
Little Britain, New York
Died April 20, 1812 (aged 72)
Washington, D.C.
Nationality American
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s) Sarah Cornelia Tappen
Children Catharine Clinton
Cornelia Tappen Clinton
George Washington Clinton
Elizabeth Clinton
Martha Washington Clinton
Maria Clinton
Religion Presbyterian
Signature
Military service
Service/branch British Army
American Militia
Rank Lieutenant
Brigadier General
Battles/wars French and Indian War
American Revolutionary War

George Clinton (July 26, 1739 – April 20, 1812) was an American soldier and politician, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

He was the first Governor of New York, and then the fourth Vice President of the United States, serving under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. He holds two distinctions: he was the first Vice President to serve under two different Presidents (the other being John C. Calhoun who served in the administrations of John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson); and he was the first Vice President to die in office.

Contents

Early life and participation in the Revolution

His political interests were inspired by his father, Charles Clinton, who was an Irish immigrant to Little Britain, New York and a member of the New York colonial assembly. George Clinton was the brother of General James Clinton and the uncle of New York's future governor, DeWitt Clinton.

At 18, he enlisted in the British Army to fight in the French and Indian War, eventually rising to the rank of lieutenant. He subsequently studied law, became clerk of the court of common pleas and served in the colonial assembly.

He was known for his hatred of Tories[1] and used seizure and sale of Tory estates to help keep taxes down. A supporter and friend of George Washington, he supplied food to the troops at Valley Forge, rode with Washington to the first Inauguration and gave an impressive dinner to celebrate it.

Marriage and children

On February 7, 1770, Clinton married Sarah Cornelia Tappen. They had five daughters and one son:

  1. Catharine Clinton (November 5, 1770 - January 10, 1811). Married first John Taylor and secondly Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr.-son of New York Lt. Governor Pierre Van Cortlandt.
  2. Cornelia Tappen Clinton (June 29, 1774 - March 28, 1810). Married Edmond-Charles Genet.
  3. George Washington Clinton (October 18, 1778 - March 27, 1813). Married Anna Floyd, daughter of William Floyd. (A brother-in-law was Congressman Benjamin Tallmadge)
  4. Elizabeth Clinton (July 10, 1780 - April 8, 1825). Married Matthias B. Tallmadge.
  5. Martha Washington Clinton (October 12, 1783 - February 20, 1795).
  6. Maria Clinton (October 6, 1785 - April 17, 1829). Married Dr. Stephen D. Beekman—a grandson of Pierre Van Cortlandt and Joanna Livingston.

Legacy

Federalist No. 10 was an essay by Madison and the tenth of the Federalist Papers, a series arguing for the ratification of the United States Constitution, it was pseudonymously published in November 1787. Clinton is widely believed to be the Anti-Federalist pseudonymously named Cato, in the essay.

Clinton County, New York, Clinton County, Missouri[2], Clinton County, Ohio and the village of Clinton, N.Y., site of Hamilton College, are named after him. Washington, D.C. has erected a gilded equestrian sculpture of him on Connecticut Avenue. In 1873, the state of New York donated a bronze statue of Clinton to the U.S. Capitol's National Statuary Hall Collection.

Clinton's pew in St. Paul's Chapel in New York City
The grave monument of George Clinton in Kingston, New York

The bridge between Rhinecliff and Kingston New York was named the George Clinton bridge.

See also

Bibliography

  • Kaminski, John P. George Clinton: Yeoman Politician of the New Republic. Madison House, 1993.
  1. ^ "AOC.gov". AOC.gov. http://www.aoc.gov/cc/art/nsh/clinton.cfm. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  2. ^ "Clinton Co. MO Historical Society". Rootsweb.com. http://www.rootsweb.com/~moclinto/histsoc/. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Aaron Burr
Vice President of the United States
March 4, 1805 – April 20, 1812
Vacant
Title next held by
Elbridge Gerry
Preceded by
John Jay
Governor of New York
1801 – 1804
Succeeded by
Morgan Lewis
Preceded by
Governor of the Province of New York
Governor of New York
1777 – 1795
Succeeded by
John Jay
Party political offices
Preceded by
Aaron Burr(1)
Democratic-Republican vice presidential candidate
1804, 1808
Succeeded by
Elbridge Gerry
Preceded by
New position
Democratic-Republican vice presidential candidate(1)
1792
Succeeded by
Aaron Burr(1)
Academic offices
Preceded by
Benjamin Moore
Chancellor of Columbia College
1784 – 1787
Succeeded by
William Samuel Johnson
Notes and references
1. Prior to the passage of the Twelfth Amendment in 1804, each presidential elector would cast two votes; the highest vote-getter with a majority would become President and the runner-up would become Vice President. In 1792, with George Washington as the prohibitive favorite to be elected President, the Democratic-Republican Party fielded Clinton with the intention that he be elected Vice President. Similarly, in both 1796 and 1800, the Democratic-Republican Party fielded both Aaron Burr and Thomas Jefferson, with the intention that Jefferson be elected President and Burr be elected Vice President.







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