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Sir George Howard Darwin, FRS

Sir George Howard Darwin
Born 9 July 1845(1845-07-09)
Down House, Downe, Kent, England
Died 7 December 1912 (aged 67)
Cambridge, England
Citizenship British Citizenship
Nationality British
Ethnicity English
Fields astronomy and mathematics
Alma mater Cambridge
Doctoral advisor Edward John Routh
Notable awards Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1892

Sir George Howard Darwin, FRS (9 July 1845 – Cambridge, 7 December 1912)[1] was an English astronomer and mathematician, the second son and fifth child of Charles and Emma Darwin.



Darwin was born at Down House. He studied under Charles Pritchard, and entered St John's College, Cambridge in 1863, though he soon moved to Trinity College,[2] where his tutor was Edward John Routh. He graduated as second wrangler in 1868, when he was also placed second for the Smith's Prize and was appointed to a college fellowship. He was admitted to the bar in 1872, but returned to science.[2] In 1883 he became Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy at the University of Cambridge.

He studied tidal forces involving the Sun, Moon, and Earth, and formulated the fission theory of Moon formation.[3]

He won the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1892, and also later served as president of that organization.

Darwin married Martha (Maud) du Puy of Philadelphia. They had two sons and two daughters:


  1. ^ GRO Register of Deaths: DEC 1912 3b 552 CAMBRIDGE - George H. Darwin, aged 67
  2. ^ a b Darwin, George Howard in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
  3. ^ Sir George Darwin

Works by G. H. Darwin

External links



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