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The Right Honourable
 The Lord Lloyd 
GCSI, GCIE, PC, DSO


In office
12 May 1940 – 4 February 1941
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Preceded by Malcolm MacDonald
Succeeded by The Lord Moyne

In office
December 1940 – 4 February 1941
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Preceded by The Viscount Halifax
Succeeded by The Lord Moyne

Born 19 September 1879 (1879-09-19)
Died 4 February 1941 (1941-02-05)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Hon. Blanche Lascelles
(1880-1969)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

George Ambrose Lloyd, 1st Baron Lloyd of Dolobran [1] GCSI, GCIE, DSO, PC (19 September 1879 – 4 February 1941) was a British Conservative politician strongly associated with the "Diehard" wing of the party.

Contents

Background and education

Lloyd was the son of Samspon Samuel Lloyd and Jane Emilia, daughter of Thomas Lloyd, and was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge.[2]

Early life

In 1901 Lloyd joined the family firm Stewarts & Lloyds as its youngest director. In 1903 he first became involved with the tariff reform movement of Joseph Chamberlain. In 1905 he turned down an offer by Stewart& Lloyds of a steady position in London and chose to embark on a study of the East in the British Empire. Through the efforts of his friends Samuel Pepys Cockerell, working in the commercial department of the Foreign Office, and Gertrude Bell who he had come to know, he started work as an unpaid honorary attaché in Constantinople. At "Old Stamboul"[3]as he came to remember the Embassy of Sir Nicholas O'Conor he worked together with Laurence Oliphant, Percy Loraine and Alexander Cadogan. There also he first met Mark Sykes and Aubrey Herbert. In April 1906 Aubrey Herbert joined him on an exploration of the state of the Baghdad Railway.[4]. His confidential memorandum of November 1906 on the Hejaz railway gave a detailed account of many economic problems. This, and other papers- on Turkish finance, for example-led to his appointement in January 1907 as a special commissioner to investigate trading prospects around the Persian Gulf.

Political career

At the January 1910 general election Lloyd was elected as a Liberal Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for West Staffordshire, marrying Blanche Lascelles the following year. During the First World War he served on the staff of Sir Ian Hamilton at Gallipoli landing with the ANZACs on the first day of that campaign and, after a time in Cairo, with T. E. Lawrence and the Arab Bureau in Hejaz, the Negev and the Sinai desert. He reached the rank of Captain in the Warwickshire Yeomanry and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in 1917.

In conjunction with Edward Wood (later Earl of Halifax) he wrote The Great Opportunity in 1918. This book was meant to be a Conservative challenge to the Lloyd George coalition and stressed devolution of power from Westminster and the importance of reviving English industry and agriculture. In December 1918 he was appointed Governor of Bombay and made KCIE. His principal activities while Governor were reclaiming land for housing in the Back Bay area of the city of Bombay and building the Sukkur Barrage an irrigation scheme both of which were funded by loans raised in India instead of in England. Lloyd's administration was the first to raise such funds locally. He completed his term as Governor in 1922 and was made a Privy Counsellor and GCSI.

In the 1920s he served as High Commissioner to Egypt until his resignation was forced by Foreign Secretary Arthur Henderson. He returned to Parliament again for Eastbourne in 1924, serving until 1925, when he was made Baron Lloyd, of Dolobran in the County of Montgomery. During the 1930s he was one of the most prominent opponents of proposals to grant Indian Home Rule, working alongside Winston Churchill against the National Government. When Churchill became Prime Minister in May 1940, he appointed Lloyd as Secretary of State for the Colonies and in December of that year he conferred the additional job of Leader of the House of Lords. However, Lloyd died in office two months later.

Family

Lord Lloyd married the Hon. Blanche, daughter of the Hon. Frederick Lascelles, in 1911. He died in February 1941, aged 61, and was succeeded in the barony by his son, Alexander. Lady Lloyd died in December 1969, aged 89.

Notes

  1. ^ James Lees-Milne, Ancestral Voices, London:Chatto & Windus, 1975, p. 6, n. 1
  2. ^ Lloyd, George Ambrose in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
  3. ^ John Charmley: Lord Lloyd and the Decline of the British Empire St Martin's Press, New York 1987 ISBN 031201306X
  4. ^ John Charmley Lord Lloyd New York 1987 Chapter 2 The Lure of the East

Biography

Lord Lloyd and the decline of the British Empire, John Charmley, Weidenfeld 1987

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry McLaren
Member of Parliament for West Staffordshire
January 19101918
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Rupert Gwynne
Member of Parliament for Eastbourne
19241925
Succeeded by
William Reginald Hall
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Willingdon
Governor of Bombay
1918 – 1923
Succeeded by
Leslie Orme Wilson
Preceded by
The Viscount Allenby
British High Commissioner in Egypt
1925 – 1929
Succeeded by
Sir Percy Loraine
Preceded by
Malcolm MacDonald
Secretary of State for the Colonies
1940 – 1941
Succeeded by
The Lord Moyne
Preceded by
The Viscount Halifax
Leader of the House of Lords
1940 – 1941
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Lloyd
1925 – 1941
Succeeded by
Alexander Lloyd
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