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George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton: Wikis

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The Lord Lyttelton 
PC


In office
25 November 1755 – 16 November 1756
Monarch George II
Prime Minister The Duke of Newcastle
Preceded by Hon. Henry Bilson Legge
Succeeded by Hon. Henry Bilson Legge

Born 17 January 1709 (1709-01-17)
Died 24 August 1773 (1773-08-25)
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) (1) Lucy Fortescue (d. 1747)
(2) Elizabeth Rich
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton PC (17 January 1709 – 24 August 1773), known as Sir George Lyttelton, Bt between 1751 and 1756, was a British politician and statesman and a patron of the arts.

Contents

Background and education

Lord Lyttelton was the son of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Baronet, by his wife Christian, daughter of Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.

Political career

He was one of the politicians who opposed Robert Walpole as a member (one of Cobham's Cubs) of the Whig Opposition the 1730s. He served as secretary to Frederick, Prince of Wales from 1737,[1] and as a Commissioner of the Treasury in 1744. After Walpole's fall, Lyttelton became Chancellor of the Exchequer (1755). In 1756 he was raised to the peerage as Lord Lyttelton, Baron of Frankley in the County of Worcester.

Patron of the arts

Lord Lyttelton was a friend and supporter to Alexander Pope in the 1730s and to Henry Fielding in the 1750s. James Thomson addresses him throughout his poem The Seasons, and Lyttelton arranged a pension for Thomson. He wrote Dialogues of the Dead in 1760 with Elizabeth Montagu, leader of the bluestockings, and The History of the Life of Henry the Second (1767–1771). The former work is part of a tradition of such dialogues. Henry Fielding dedicated Tom Jones to him. Lyttelton spent many years and a fortune developing Hagley Hall and its park which contains many follies. The hall itself, which is in north Worcestershire, was designed by Sanderson Miller and is the last of the great Palladian houses to be built in England.

Family

Lord Lyttelton married firstly Lucy, daughter of Hugh Fortescue, in 1742. After her death in 1747 he married secondly Elizabeth, daughter of Field Marshal Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, in 1749. He died in August 1773, aged 64, and was buried in Christ Church Cathedral.[2] He was succeeded by his eldest son from his first marriage, Thomas.

Notes

  1. ^ Office holders
  2. ^ Memorial there.

References

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
James Pelham
Secretary to Frederick, Prince of Wales
1737-1744
Succeeded by
Henry Drax
Preceded by
The Earl of Lincoln
Cofferer of the Household
1754–1756
Succeeded by
The Duke of Leeds
Preceded by
Henry Bilson Legge
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1755–1756
Succeeded by
Henry Bilson Legge
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Lyttelton
1756–1773
Succeeded by
Thomas Lyttelton
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Lyttelton
Baronet
(of Frankley)
1751–1773
Succeeded by
Thomas Lyttelton
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Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton (January 17, 1709August 24, 1773), known as Sir George Lyttelton, Baronet between 1751 and 1756, was a British politician and statesman and a patron of the arts.

Unsourced

  • For his chaste Muse employ'd her heaven-taught lyre
    None but the noblest passions to inspire,
    Not one immoral, one corrupted thought,
    One line which, dying, he could wish to blot.
    • Prologue to Thomson's Coriolanus.
  • Women, like princes, find few real friends.
    • Advice to a Lady.
  • What is your sex's earliest, latest care,
    Your heart's supreme ambition? To be fair.
    • Advice to a Lady.
  • The lover in the husband may be lost.
    • Advice to a Lady.
  • How much the wife is dearer than the bride.
    • An Irregular Ode.
  • None without hope e'er lov'd the brightest fair,
    But love can hope where reason would despair.
    • Epigram.
  • Where none admire, 't is useless to excel;
    Where none are beaux, 't is vain to be a belle.
    • Soliloquy on a Beauty in the Country.
  • Alas! by some degree of woe
    We every bliss must gain;
    The heart can ne'er a transport know
    That never feels a pain.
    • Song.

External links


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