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The Most Honourable
 The Marquess of Buckingham 
KG, PC


In office
19 December 1783 – 23 December 1783
Prime Minister William Pitt
Preceded by Charles James Fox
Succeeded by Marquess of Carmarthen

In office
27 October 1787 – 24 October 1789
Prime Minister William Pitt
Preceded by The Duke of Rutland
Succeeded by The Earl of Westmorland

George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham, KG, PC (17 June 1753 – 11 February 1813) was a British statesman; he was the second son of George Grenville and a brother of the 1st Baron Grenville.

Educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, he was appointed a Teller of the Exchequer in 1764, and ten years later was returned to Parliament as one of the Members for Buckinghamshire. In the House of Commons he was a sharp critic of the American policy of Lord North. In September 1779 he succeeded his uncle as Earl Temple; in 1782 was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire; and in July of the same year became a member of the Privy Council and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in the Ministry of Lord Shelburne. On his advice the Renunciation Act 1783 was passed, which supplemented the legislative independence granted to Ireland in 1782. By Royal Warrant he created the Order of St Patrick in February 1783, with himself as the first Grand Master. Lord Temple left Ireland in 1783, and again turned his attention to English politics. He enjoyed the confidence of King George III, and having opposed Fox's East India Bill, he was authorized by the King to say that "whoever voted for the India Bill was not only not his friend, but would be considered by him as an enemy", a message which ensured the defeat of the Bill. He was appointed a Secretary of State when the younger Pitt formed his Ministry in December 1783, but resigned two days later. In December 1784 he was created Marquess of Buckingham.

In November 1787 he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland under Pitt, but his second tenure of this office was hardly as successful as the first. He was denounced by Grattan for extravagance; was censured by the Irish Houses of Parliament for refusing to transmit to England an address calling upon the Prince of Wales to assume the regency; and he could only maintain his position by resorting to bribery on a large scale. Having become very unpopular he resigned his office in September 1789 and subsequently took very little part in politics, although he spoke in favour of the union with Ireland. He died at his residence, Stowe in Buckinghamshire, on 11 February 1813, and was buried at Wotton.

In 1775 he had married Lady Mary Nugent, daughter of the 1st Viscount Clare (later the 1st Earl Nugent), whom he succeeded as Earl Nugent in 1788. Lady Buckingham died in 1812.

Styles from birth to death

  • George Grenville, Esq. (1753–1774)
  • George Grenville, Esq., MP (1774–1779)
  • The Rt Hon. The Earl Temple (1779–1782)
  • The Rt Hon. The Earl Temple, PC (1782–1784)
  • The Most Hon. The Marquess of Buckingham, PC (1784–1786)
  • The Most Hon. The Marquess of Buckingham, KG, PC (1786–1813)

See also

References

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Richard Lowndes
The Earl Verney
Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
1774 – 1779
With: The Earl Verney
Succeeded by
The Earl Verney
Thomas Grenville
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Macclesfield
Teller of the Exchequer
1763 – 1813
Succeeded by
Spencer Perceval
Preceded by
The Duke of Portland
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1782 – 1783
Succeeded by
The Earl of Northington
Preceded by
Charles James Fox
Foreign Secretary
1783
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Carmarthen
Preceded by
Lord North
Home Secretary
1783
Succeeded by
The Lord Sydney
Preceded by
The Duke of Rutland
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1787 – 1789
Succeeded by
The Earl of Westmorland
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Chesterfield
Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
1782 – 1813
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Buckingham
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Marquess of Buckingham
1784 – 1813
Succeeded by
Richard Grenville
Preceded by
Richard Grenville-Temple
Earl Temple
1779 – 1813
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Robert Nugent
Earl Nugent
1788 – 1813
Succeeded by
Richard Grenville
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