George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie: Wikis

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The Earl of Dalhousie 
GCB


In office
1816 – 1820
Monarch George III
Preceded by George Stracey Smith
Succeeded by Sir James Kempt

In office
1820 – 1828
Monarch George IV
Preceded by The Duke of Richmond
Succeeded by Sir James Kempt

In office
1830 – 1832
Monarch William IV
Preceded by The Viscount Combermere
Succeeded by Sir Edward Barnes

Born 23 October 1770 (1770-10-23)
Dalhousie Castle, Midlothian
Died 21 March 1838 (aged 67)
Dalhousie Castle, Midlothian
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Christian Broun (d. 1839)
Alma mater University of Edinburgh

General George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie GCB (23 October 1770 – 21 March 1838), styled Lord Ramsay until 1787, was a Scottish soldier and colonial administrator. He Governor of Nova Scotia from 1816 to 1820, Governor General of British North America from 1820 to 1828 and later Commander-in-Chief in India.

Contents

Background and education

Dalhousie was born at Dalhousie Castle, Midlothian, the son of George Ramsay, 8th Earl of Dalhousie, and Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Glen. He was educated at the Royal High School, Edinburgh, and the University of Edinburgh.

Military career

After his father's death in 1787, Dalhousie joined the British Army in July 1788 by purchasing a cornetcy in the 3rd Dragoons, and was later appointed to the captaincy of an independent company he himself had raised. He joined the 2nd battalion of the 1st Foot in January 1791, and purchased the rank of major in the 2nd Foot in June 1792. He travelled with the regiment to Martinique, as its commander, and succeeded to the lieutenant-colonelcy in August 1794. He was severely wounded in 1795 and returned to England. In 1798 he served in the Irish Rebellion, and in 1799 throughout the Flanders campaign. He received the brevet rank of colonel in January 1800, and fought in the later stages of the Egyptian campaign under Ralph Abercromby. In 1803 he served as a brigadier-general on the staff in Scotland, and was appointed Major-General in April 1805.

During the later stages of the Peninsular War Dalhousie commanded the 7th Division under the Duke of Wellington. He was voted the thanks of Parliament for his services at Battle of Vitoria where he commanded the Left Center Column, consisting of the 3rd and 7th Divisions. He was appointed lieutenant-general, and colonel of the 13th Foot in 1813. He led his division in the Battle of the Pyrenees where it was lightly engaged, then went home to England in October. After the previous commander was wounded at the Battle of Orthez in February 1814, Dalhousie briefly led the 7th Division again. He occupied the city of Bordeaux and thus missed the final Battle of Toulouse.

William Kemley was said to have saved the life of Ramsay in battle, by holding a flag over his body. In doing so he suffered a wound from a musket ball that left him with a permanent hole in the palm of his hand. His grandson, Peter Gordon Kemley, used to tell how he could put his finger through the palm of his grandfather's hand. For his actions, William Kemley was given a house on the Dalhousie Estate at Brechin Castle, rent-free for life. His daughter, Caroline Kemley, was born under a gun carriage the evening before the battle of Quatre Bras. Her mother was one of six wives per regiment permitted to accompany their husbands.

Later career

In 1815 he was created Baron Dalhousie, of Dalhousie Castle in the County of Edinburgh, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, to allow him to sit in the House of Lords by right (until that point he had sat as a Scottish representative peer).

Family

Lord Dalhousie married Christina, daughter of Charles Broun, of Coalstoun in East Lothian, Scotland, a lady of gentle extraction and distinguished gifts, in 1805. They had three sons, the two elder of whom died early. He died at Dalhousie Castle in March 1838, aged 67, and was succeeded by his youngest son, James, who was later created Marquess of Dalhousie. Lady Dalhousie died in January 1839.

While serving as Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia he founded Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The town of Dalhousie, New Brunswick was named after him when he visited there in 1826, although his diary entry for the day stated that he disapproved of changing the original French and Mi'kmaq location names.

See also

References

  • Glover, Michael. The Peninsular War 1807-1814. Penguin, 1974.
  • Oman, Charles. Wellington's Army, 1809-1814. Greenhill, (1913) 1993.
  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  • The Royal Military Calendar, Or Army Service and Commission Book, ed. John Philippart. p.248-249, Vol I of V, 3rd edition, London, 1820.
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Aboyne
Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland

1804–1806
Succeeded by
The Duke of Rothesay
Government offices
Preceded by
George Stracey Smith
Governor of Nova Scotia
1816–1820
Succeeded by
Sir James Kempt
Preceded by
The Duke of Richmond
Governor General of British North America
1820–1828
Succeeded by
Sir James Kempt
Military offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Combermere
Commander-in-Chief, India
1830–1832
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Barnes
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
George Ramsay
Earl of Dalhousie
1787–1838
Succeeded by
James Broun-Ramsay
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