George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon: Wikis

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The Most Honourable
 The Marquess of Ripon 
KG, GCSI, CIE, PC

Lord Ripon as Viceroy of India;
from an 1880 magazine.

In office
1880 – 1884
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by The Lord Lytton
Succeeded by The Earl of Dufferin

In office
1905 – 1908
Monarch Edward VII
Prime Minister Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Preceded by The Marquess of Lansdowne
Succeeded by The Earl of Crewe

Born 24 October 1827(1827-10-24)
10 Downing Street, London
Died 9 July 1909 (aged 81)
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Henrietta Vyner
(1833–1907)

George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon KG, GCSI, CIE, PC (24 October 1827 – 9 July 1909), known as Viscount Goderich from 1833 to 1859 and as the Earl de Grey and Ripon from 1859 to 1871, was a British politician who served in every Liberal cabinet from 1861 until his death forty-eight years later.

Contents

Background and education

Ripon was born at 10 Downing Street, London, the second son of Prime Minister Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich (who was created Earl of Ripon in 1833), by his wife Lady Sarah, daughter of Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire.

Political career

Although his father had been a Tory, Ripon was first a Whig and later a Liberal. He entered the House of Commons as member for Hull in 1852, and later sat for Huddersfield and the West Riding of Yorkshire. In 1859 he succeeded his father as second Earl of Ripon, taking his seat in the House of Lords, and later that year succeeded a cousin in the more senior title of Earl de Grey.

Lord Ripon by George Frederic Watts.

In 1861 de Grey first took office, and was then a member of every Liberal Cabinet until his death. In 1863, he was made a Privy Counsellor. He was Secretary of State for War (1863–66) under Palmerston and Secretary of State for India in 1866 under Russell. In Gladstone's first administration he was Lord President of the Council (1868–73). During this period he acted as chairman of the joint commission for drawing up the Treaty of Washington with the United States. For this he was created Marquess of Ripon. He was also made a Knight of the Garter in 1869.He served as President of the first day of the 1878 Co-operative Congress.[1]

When Gladstone returned to power in 1880 he appointed Ripon Viceroy of India, an office he held until 1884. During his time in India, Ripon introduced legislation (the "Ilbert Bill," named for his secretary Courtenay Ilbert) that would have granted native Indians more legal rights, including the right of Indian judges to judge Europeans in court. Though progressive in its intent, this legislation was gutted by the British Parliament who did not want to lose their legal superiority. In Gladstone's 1886 government he was First Lord of the Admiralty, and in that of 1892–95 he was Secretary of State for the Colonies. When the Liberals again returned to power in 1905 he took office, aged 78, as Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords. He resigned in 1908.

Other appointments

Lord Ripon was Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England from 1870 until his conversion to Catholicism in 1874. A devout Catholic in his later years, Ripon was generous in educational and charitable works. He was president of the Society of St Vincent de Paul from 1899 until his death and a great supporter of St. Joseph's Catholic Missionary Society.

He was Chancellor of the University of Leeds from 1904 until his death in 1909.

Legacy in India

Lord Ripon is very much revered in Chennai (formerly Madras), India. The Corporation of Chennai's Ripon Building was named for him, as well as the town of Riponpet in the Shivamogga district in the state of Karnataka.

Family

Lord Ripon married his cousin Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner (17 April 1833 – 28 February 1907), daughter of Henry Vyner and his wife Lady Mary Gertrude Robinson, daughter of Thomas Robinson, 2nd Earl de Grey, on 8 April 1851. They had one son and one daughter. Lady Ripon died in February 1907, aged 73. Lord Ripon survived her by two years and died in July 1909, aged 81. He was succeeded by his only son, Frederick.[2]

Notes

British High Commissioners for the 1871 Treaty of Washington. Lord Ripon seated in the centre.
  1. ^ Congress Presidents 1869-2002, February 2002, http://archive.co-op.ac.uk/downloadFiles/congressPresidentstable.pdf, retrieved 2008-05-10  
  2. ^ Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner at thepeerage.com (accessed 5 April 2008)

References

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Matthew Talbot Baines
James Clay
Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull
1852–1853
With: James Clay
Succeeded by
William Digby Seymour
William Henry Watson
Preceded by
William Rookes Crompton Stansfield
Member of Parliament for Huddersfield
1853–1857
Succeeded by
Edward Akroyd
Preceded by
Richard Cobden
Edmund Beckett Denison
Member of Parliament for the West Riding of Yorkshire
1857–1859
With: Edmund Beckett Denison
Succeeded by
Edmund Beckett Denison
Sir John Ramsden, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Rosslyn
Under-Secretary of State for War
1859–1861
Succeeded by
Thomas Baring
Preceded by
Thomas Baring
Under-Secretary of State for India
1861
Succeeded by
Thomas Baring
Preceded by
Thomas Baring
Under-Secretary of State for War
1861–1863
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Hartington
Preceded by
Sir George Lewis, Bt
Secretary of State for War
1863–1866
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Hartington
Preceded by
Sir Charles Wood, Bt
Secretary of State for India
1866
Succeeded by
Viscount Cranborne
Preceded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Lord President of the Council
1868–1873
Succeeded by
The Lord Aberdare
Preceded by
Lord George Hamilton
First Lord of the Admiralty
1886
Succeeded by
Lord George Hamilton
Preceded by
The Lord Knutsford
Secretary of State for the Colonies
1892–1895
Succeeded by
Joseph Chamberlain
Preceded by
The Marquess of Salisbury
Lord Privy Seal
1905–1908
Succeeded by
The Earl of Crewe
Preceded by
The Marquess of Lansdowne
Leader of the House of Lords
1905–1908
Government offices
Preceded by
The Lord Lytton
Viceroy of India
1880–1884
Succeeded by
The Earl of Dufferin
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Zetland
Grand Master
of the United Grand Lodge of England

1870–1874
Succeeded by
The Prince of Wales
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Zetland
Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire
1873–1906
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Bell, Bt
Academic offices
Preceded by
Chancellor at establishment
Chancellor of the University of Leeds
1904–1909
Succeeded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Marquess of Ripon
1871–1909
Succeeded by
Frederick Oliver Robinson
Preceded by
Frederick John Robinson
Earl of Ripon
1859–1909
Preceded by
Thomas Philip de Grey
Earl de Grey
1859–1909
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