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George Olaf Roos-Keppel
7 September 1866 – 11 December 1921
George Roos Keppel.jpg
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1886-1920
Rank Lieutenant-Colonel
Battles/wars Third Anglo-Afghan War
Awards CIE (1900)
KCIE (1908)
KCSI (1915)
GCIE (1917)

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir George Olaf Roos-Keppel, GCIE, KCSI (7 September 1866 - 11 December 1921) was a British military officer who served in the capacities of Political Agent to the Governor-General in Kurram and Khyber, and later as Chief Commissioner, North West Frontier Province from 1908 till 1919. He is also known for his role in 3rd Afghan War[1].

He was commissioned in the Royal Scots Fusiliers in the 1880s and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1892 and to Captain in 1895. In 1900 he was appointed a CIE and was promoted to Brevet Major in 1902, receiving further promotions to Major in 1904 and to Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in 1907. In 1908, he was knighted with the KCIE and was promoted to full Lieutenant-Colonel in 1912.

In 1913, Roos-Keppel, along with Nawab Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum established Islamia College (Peshawar), which was inaugurated by Haji Sahib Turangzai. Roos-Keppel was also president of Central Committee of Examiners in Pashto. He is credited with foreseeing the genius in the young Cambridge graduate Inayatullah Khan by appointing him, at the age of 24, the Vice Principal of Islamia College (Peshawar) in 1913, and then the Principal in 1917. He was appointed a KCSI in 1915 and a GCIE in 1917. He formally retired from the Indian Army in 1920 and died on 11 December of the following year, aged 55.

Academic contributions

Roos-Keppel was well versed in the Pashto language:


  1. ^ Sir Olaf Caroe, The Pathans, London: Macmillan, 1958
Government offices
Preceded by
Harold Deane
Chief Commissioner of the
North-West Frontier Province

Succeeded by
William Rudolph Henry Merck
Preceded by
William Rudolph Henry Merck
2nd term
Succeeded by
Sir John Stuart Donald
Preceded by
Sir John Stuart Donald
3rd term
Succeeded by
Sir Alfred Hamilton Grant


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