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George VI
Formal portrait, circa 1940–46.
King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions (more...)
Reign 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952
Coronation 12 May 1937 (aged 41)
Predecessor Edward VIII
Successor Elizabeth II
Prime Ministers See list
Spouse Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Issue
Elizabeth II
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Full name
Albert Frederick Arthur George
House House of Windsor
Father George V
Mother Mary of Teck
Born 14 December 1895 (1895-12-14)
York Cottage, Sandringham House, Norfolk, England
Died 6 February 1952 (1952-02-07) (aged 56)
Sandringham House, Norfolk
Burial 15 February 1952
St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
Signature
.George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death.^ King George V reigned as the British monarch from 1910 to 1936 .
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^ George V of the United Kingdom died at 71 .
  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King of the United Kingdom 1936–1952 .
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.He was the last Emperor of India (until 1947), the last King of Ireland (until 1949), and the first Head of the Commonwealth.^ King of Ireland 1936 – 1949 .
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emperor of India 1936–1947 .
  • George VI of the United Kingdom - Slider 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Emperor of India 1936 – 1947 .
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward.^ Edward VIII, son of George V, 1936 .
  • Rulers of England and Great Britain: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ As the second son of King George V , he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of .....
  • George V Of The United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC daymix.com [Source type: General]

^ George's elder brother, Edward , was therefore heir to the throne.

.He served in the Royal Navy during World War I, and after the war took on the usual round of public engagements.^ He served in the Royal Navy in his youth.
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^ He was king during the Second World War.

^ He served in the Royal Navy during World War I, and after the war took on the usual round of public engagements.
  • George Vi of the United Kingdom - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]
  • George VI of the United Kingdom, Country Leader - News - Evri 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: General]

.He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923, and they had two daughters, Elizabeth (who succeeded him as Queen Elizabeth II) and Margaret.^ He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923, and they had two daughters, Elizabeth (who succeeded him as Queen Elizabeth II) and Margaret.
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  • George VI of the United Kingdom, Country Leader - News - Evri 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: General]

^ He had married lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon and they had two daughters.
  • The Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.nettyroyal.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon , the youngest daughter of the Earl and Countess of Strathmore on April 26 , 1923 in Westminster Abbey .
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.George's elder brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII on the death of their father in 1936. However, less than a year later Edward revealed his desire to marry the twice-divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson.^ Later that year, Edward abdicated and her father became king.
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^ Edward VIII, son of George V, 1936 .
  • Rulers of England and Great Britain: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There Edward had relationships with a series of married women, including the American Wallis Simpson.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For political and religious reasons, the British Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin, advised Edward that he could not marry Mrs. Simpson and remain king. .So, Edward abdicated in order to marry, and George VI ascended the throne as the third monarch of the House of Windsor.^ Edward VI never married .
  • Kings and Queens of England and the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC tudorhistory.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Edward VII 1901-1910 George V 1910-1917 House of Windsor .
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^ So, Edward abdicated in order to marry.
  • George VI of the United Kingdom, Country Leader - News - Evri 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: General]

.Within twenty-four hours of his accession the Irish parliament, the Oireachtas, passed the External Relations Act, which essentially removed the power of the monarch in Ireland.^ Within 24 hours of his accession the Irish parliament (the Oireachtas) passed the External Relations Act, which essentially removed the power of the monarch in Ireland.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King George VI also served as the last King of Ireland in accordance with the provisions of the (Irish) External Relations Act , 1936, until its repeal and the coming into force of the Republic of Ireland Act , 1948, in April 1949.
  • George VI - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is George VI? What is George VI? Where is George VI? Definition of George VI. Meaning of George VI. 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ George V's reign began amid the continuing constitutional crisis over the House of Lords, which refused to pass a Parliament Bill limiting its powers (which would remove its power to veto a Bill from the Commons).

.Further events greatly altered the position of the monarchy during his reign: three years after his accession, his realms, except Ireland, were at war with Nazi Germany.^ Further events greatly altered the position of the monarchy during his reign: three years after his accession, his realms, except Ireland, were at war with Nazi Germany.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The actions of the King and Queen during the war years greatly added to the prestige of the monarchy.
  • The History of Britain 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.byfaith.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ During the late 1930s, the government of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain sought to avoid war by appeasing Nazi Germany, but after Hitler invaded Poland, the United Kingdom declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939.
  • History - United Kingdom - tax, problem, growth, area, system, future, power, policy, sector 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.nationsencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the next two years, war with Italy and the Empire of Japan followed.^ In the next two years, war with Italy and the Empire of Japan followed.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was followed by a period of war with revolutionary France and later the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte (1789-1815).
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^ Britain emerged from the War of the Austrian Succession and from the Seven Years War as the possessor of the world's greatest empire.
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.Though Britain and its allies were ultimately victorious, the United States and the Soviet Union rose as pre-eminent world powers and the British Empire declined.^ Britains Empire was the richest the world had ever seen.
  • The History of Britain 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.byfaith.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ A major consequence of World War II was the decline of the British Empire, with the United States and the Soviet Union rising as pre-eminent world powers.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is Morocco the best ally of the United States in the Arab world?
  • Interesting political analysis of US policy in Maghreb in Jeune Afrique by Christophe Boisbouvier – Article Claims Obama Plays ‘Balancing’ Act with Morocco & Algeria « U.S. Africa Command Blog 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC africom.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, and the foundation of the Republic of Ireland in 1949, George's reign saw the acceleration of the break-up of the Empire and its transition into the Commonwealth of Nations.^ India became independent in 1947.
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^ India : 1936 - 1947 Ireland : 1936 - 1949 .

^ India and Pakistan are granted independence.
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Contents

Birth and family

.George VI was born at York Cottage, on the Sandringham Estate in Norfolk, during the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria.^ George VI of the United Kingdom was born .
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  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ George VI was born on 14 December 1895 at York Cottage, on the Sandringham Estate , Norfolk .

^ George VI Windsor , King of the United Kingdom was born on 14 December 1895 at York Cottage, Sandringham, Norfolk, England .
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.His father was Prince George, Duke of York (later King George V), the second and eldest-surviving son of the Prince and Princess of Wales (later King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra).^ Later that year, Edward abdicated and her father became king.
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^ His father, the future George V, was the younger of the two sons of the then Prince of Wales, and was not expected ever to become king.

^ Prince Frederick's eldest son, Prince George (King George III).
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.His mother was the Duchess of York (later Queen Mary), the eldest daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Teck.^ The Duke and Duchess of York had two children: .
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^ Mother: von Teck, Mary , Queen of Britain, b.
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^ Mary, daughter of Francis, Duke of Teck .
  • Kings and Queens of England and the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC tudorhistory.org [Source type: Academic]

.His birthday (14 December 1895) was the anniversary of the death of his great-grandfather, Prince Albert, the Prince Consort.^ Albert Frederick Arthur George was born 3 at Sandringham House on 14 December, 1895, on the anniversary of the death of his great-grandfather, Prince Albert, who had died of typhoid on 14 December, 1861.
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^ Paternal grandfather: Albert, Prince Consort .

^ The day was the anniversary of the death of his great grandfather, Prince Albert, the Prince Consort.

.Uncertain of how the Prince Consort's widow Queen Victoria would take the news of the birth, the Prince of Wales wrote to the Duke of York that the Queen had been "rather distressed".[1] Two days later, he wrote again: "I really think it would gratify her if you yourself proposed the name Albert to her".[1] Queen Victoria was mollified by the proposal to name the new baby Albert, and wrote to the Duchess of York: "I am all impatience to see the new one, born on such a sad day but rather more dear to me, especially as he will be called by that dear name which is a byword for all that is great and good".[1] Consequently, he was baptised "Albert Frederick Arthur George" at St Mary Magdalene's Church near Sandringham three months later.^ Queen Victoria uses chloroform during birth of Prince Leopold.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This mollified the baby's great-grandmother, who wrote to the baby's mother, the Duchess of York: "I am all impatience to see the new one, born on such a sad day but rather more dear to me, especially as he will be called by that dear name which is a byword for all that is great and good."

^ The queen's great-grandfather was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Germany, and the consort and husband of Queen Victoria.
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[2] .As a great-grandson of Queen Victoria, he was known formally as "His Highness Prince Albert of York" from birth.^ Queen Victoria uses chloroform during birth of Prince Leopold.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a great grandson of Queen Victoria in the male line, he was styled His Highness Prince Albert of York from his birth.
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^ Edward VII was the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

Within the family, he was known informally as "Bertie".[3] However, his maternal grandmother, the Duchess of Teck, did not like the first name the baby had been given, and she wrote prophetically that she hoped the last name "may supplant the less favoured one".[4]
.Albert, as he was known, was fourth in line for the throne at birth, after his grandfather, father and older brother Edward.^ Prince Edward was then second in line for the throne, and Prince Albert was now third.

^ Prince Edward was then second in line for the throne, and Prince Albert was third.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the second son of his parents, he was thus fourth in line for the throne at birth.

Early life

.
Four kings: King Edward VII (far right), his son George, Prince of Wales, later George V (far left), and grandsons Edward, later Edward VIII (rear), and Albert, later George VI (foreground), c.
^ Prince Frederick's eldest son, Prince George (King George III).
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^ King George VI film belittles?
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^ The first two were later to become King Edward VIII and King George VI respectively.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

1908.
In 1898, Queen Victoria issued Letters Patent that granted the children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales the style Royal Highness, and at the age of two, Albert became "His Royal Highness Prince Albert of York".
.He often suffered from ill health and was described as "easily frightened and somewhat prone to tears".[5] His parents, the Duke and Duchess of York, were generally removed from their children's day-to-day upbringing, as was the norm in aristocratic families of that era.^ The Duke and Duchess had no children.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Duke and Duchess of York had two children: .
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^ His parents, the Duke and Duchess of York, were generally removed from their children's day-to-day upbringing, as was the norm in aristocratic families of that era.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was forced to write with his right hand although he was naturally left-handed, and developed a stammer that lasted for many years.^ He was also forced to write with his right hand although he was naturally left-handed.
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^ As a result, Albert developed a severe stammer that lasted for many years.

^ He was naturally left-handed , but he was forced by his father to write with his right hand 4 .
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.He suffered from chronic stomach problems as well as knock knees, for which he was forced to wear painful corrective splints.^ He also suffered from knock knees, and to correct this he had to wear splints, which were extremely painful.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The young prince's legs were encased in splints to straighten his knock-knees.
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^ Albert developed a severe stammer that lasted for many years as well as chronic stomach problems.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901, and the Prince of Wales succeeded her as King Edward VII. The Duke of York became next in line to the throne.^ In 1901, Queen Victoria died and George became next in line to the throne.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On 22 January 1901 , Queen Victoria died, and George's father, Albert Edward ascended the throne as King Edward VII. At that point George inherited the titles of Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay .
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^ Queen Victoria was 82 years old when she died in 1901.
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.Prince Edward moved up to second in line to the throne, and Prince Albert was third.^ Albert was now second in line for the throne.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward had given up the throne for nothing!
  • What It Means to Be a King in the Kingdom of God > June 2007 > World News & Prophecy 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.wnponline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prince Edward was then second in line for the throne, and Prince Albert was third.
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Military career and education

.From 1909, Albert attended the Royal Naval College, Osborne as a naval cadet.^ From 1909 Albert attended the Royal Naval College, Osborne as a naval cadet.

^ In 1909 , Albert joined the Royal Navy and served as a naval cadet.
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^ From 1909, Albert attended the Royal Naval College, Osborne as a naval cadet.
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.In 1911, he came bottom of the class in the final examination, but despite this he progressed to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth.^ Despite coming bottom of the class in the final examination, Albert progressed to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth in 1911.

^ He came bottom of the class in the final examination, but despite this he progressed to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth in 1911.
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^ Despite coming bottom of the class, Albert moved to Dartmouth and served as a midshipman.
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[7] .When Edward VII died in 1910, Albert's father became King George V. Prince Edward was created Prince of Wales, and Albert was second in line to the throne.^ In 1901, Queen Victoria died and George became next in line to the throne.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Later that year, Edward abdicated and her father became king.
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^ I George V succeeded his father in 1910.
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Prince Albert (left) as an RAF captain at a dinner in 1919
.Albert was commissioned as a midshipman on 15 September 1913 and one year later began service in World War I.^ Albert was commissioned as a midshipman on 15 September 1913 and one year later began service in World War I. His fellow officers gave their royal peer the ordinary nickname "Mr.
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^ Albert was commissioned as a midshipman on 15 September 1913, one year later he was serving in World War I ( 1914 – 1918).

^ Albert served during World War I. He saw action aboard HMS Collingwood in the Battle of Jutland in 1916.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

His fellow officers gave him the nickname "Mr. Johnson".[8] He was mentioned in despatches for his action as a turret officer aboard HMS Collingwood during the Battle of Jutland (31 May – 1 June 1916), an indecisive action against the German navy which emerged as a strategic victory for the United Kingdom. .He did not see further action in the war, largely because of ill health caused by a duodenal ulcer.^ In 1918 Albert transferred to the newly-created Royal Air Force but did not see any further action in the war, largely through ill health caused by a duodenal ulcer.

^ Albert did not see further action in the War largely because of ill health caused by a duodenal ulcer.
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^ Two months after the end of the war, the King's youngest son, John, died aged 13 after a short lifetime of ill-health.

[9] .In February 1918, he was appointed Officer in Charge of Boys at the Royal Naval Air Service's training establishment at Cranwell.^ In February 1918 Prince Albert was appointed Officer in Charge of Boys at the Royal Naval Air Service's training establishment at Cranwell.
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^ Naval academy at 13; following his brother David's path to the Royal Naval College at Dartmouth; September 1913 trained as an ordinary midshipman on the battleship HMS Collingwood.
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^ Before 1918 the Royal Naval Air Service used the White Ensign and I presume that the Royal Flying Corps used whatever flags were appropriate for a corps of the army, perhaps just the Union Jack?
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[10] .With the establishment of the Royal Air Force two months later and the transfer of Cranwell from Navy to Air Force control, he transferred from the Royal Navy to the Royal Air Force.^ Eden resigned two months later.
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^ With the establishment of the Royal Air Force later that year and the transfer of Cranwell from Navy to Air Force control, Albert transferred from the Royal Navy to the Royal Air Force.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The funeral of George VI's Queen Consort HM Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother took place 50 years and two months later, on April 9th 2002.
  • The Funeral at Windsor of King George VI. 1952. The Royal Windsor Website.com by ThamesWeb 23 September 2009 2:11 UTC www.thamesweb.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[9] .He was appointed Officer Commanding Number 4 Squadron of the Boys' Wing at Cranwell and he remained there until August 1918.[10] During the closing weeks of the war, Albert served on the staff of the Independent Air Force at its headquarters in Nancy.^ He was later appointed Officer Commanding Number 4 Squadron of the Boys' Wing at Cranwell and he remained there until August 1918.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In February 1918 Prince Albert was appointed Officer in Charge of Boys at the Royal Naval Air Service's training establishment at Cranwell.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Albert served during World War I. He saw action aboard HMS Collingwood in the Battle of Jutland in 1916.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .Following the disbanding of the Independent Air Force in November 1918, he remained on the continent as a staff officer with the Royal Air Force.^ Marshals of the Royal Air Force (27) .
  • George Vi - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC history.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ Marshals of the Royal Air Force (26) .
  • George Vi of the United Kingdom - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ Royal Air Force official ...
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]
.In October 1919, Albert went up to Trinity College, Cambridge where he studied history, economics and civics for a year.^ Later he joined the Royal Air Force before studying History and Economics at Trinity College, Cambridge from 1919 to 1920.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the war, Prince Albert studied history, economics and civics for a year at Trinity College, Cambridge, from October 1919.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the war, Albert studied history, economics and civics for a year at Trinity College, Cambridge , from October 1919.

[13] .On 4 June 1920, he was created Duke of York, Earl of Inverness and Baron Killarney.^ For the rest of that year, George was styled Duke of Cornwall and York , until November 9, 1901 when he was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester .
  • George V of the United Kingdom - Slider 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just before the wedding, which took place on 20 November, 1947, Philip was given the titles of Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich by the King.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charles, Prince of Wales Anne, Princess Royal Prince Andrew, Duke of York Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex .
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] .He then began to take on royal duties; he represented his father, the King, toured coal mines, factories, and railyards, and acquired the nickname of the "Industrial Prince".[15] His speech impediment, and his embarrassment over it, together with his tendency to shyness, caused him to appear much less impressive than his older brother, Edward.^ He then began to take on royal duties, representing his father, the King, touring coal mines, factories, and railyards, acquiring the nickname of the "Industrial Prince".
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He then began to take on royal duties, representing his father, King George V .
  • George VI of the United Kingdom - Slider 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nevertheless, Frederick was a much better father for George than his father had been for him.
  • Jorge III del Reino Unido / King George III of the United Kingdom. Biography - Atajo. Avizora 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.avizora.com [Source type: General]

.However, he was physically active and enjoyed playing tennis.^ However, he was physically active and enjoyed playing tennis.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He developed an interest in working conditions, and was President of the Industrial Welfare Society.^ Given NASA s interest in studying distant bodies in space as well as in improving life on Earth, the Agency has collaborated with private industry to develop terahertz technologies.
  • Daily 99-01 RSS Feed 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.sti.nasa.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The first industrial revolution occurred in Britain in the 18th and early 19th centuries and led to the development of the worlds first society dominated by a middle class.
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^ The ethnic origins of this population have been complicated by immigration, intermarriage, and the constant relocation of people in this highly developed industrial and technological society.
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.His series of annual summer camps for boys between 1921 and 1939 brought together boys from different social backgrounds.^ As children, the two boys were very close and were sent away together to naval college as a way of finishing their education, but their characters were very different.
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^ During 1921–1939 Northern Ireland struggled economically, and unresolved tensions between Catholics and Protestants continued to plague the region.

^ Moreover, growing national affluence has brought greater social mobility between the working class and the middle class.
  • Europe (United Kingdom, Spain, France) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.orgsites.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]

Marriage

House of Windsor
Badge of the House of Windsor.svg
George VI
   Elizabeth II
   Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
.In a time when royals were expected to marry fellow royals, it was unusual that Albert had a great deal of freedom in choosing a prospective wife.^ In a time when royals were expected to marry fellow royals, it was unusual that Albert had a great deal of freedom in choosing a prospective wife.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Albert had a great deal of freedom in choosing his wife.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was unusual, in a time when royals were expected to marry fellow royals, that Albert had a great deal of freedom in choosing a prospective wife.

.In 1920 he met Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the youngest daughter of the Earl and Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne.^ In 1920 he met Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the youngest daughter of Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and set his sights on marrying her.
  • George VI of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Albert ('Bertie') met Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon , youngest daughter of the 14th Earl of Strathmore, he was instantly smitten.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon , the youngest daughter of the Earl and Countess of Strathmore on April 26 , 1923 in Westminster Abbey .
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.He became determined to marry her.^ He became determined to marry her.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17]
.Although Lady Elizabeth was a descendant of King Robert I of Scotland and King Henry VII of England, she was, according to British law, a commoner.^ Although Lady Elizabeth was a direct descendent of King Robert I of Scotland and King Henry VII of England , she was in British law a commoner.

^ Although Lady Elizabeth was a descendant of King Robert I of Scotland and King Henry VII of England, she was, according to British law, a commoner.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elizabeth I had no children so her closest relative James VI of Scotland, the son of Elizabeth's old rival, Mary Queen of Scots, became King James I of England and the Stuart dynasty began.
  • The United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC skola.amoskadan.cz [Source type: Original source]

.She rejected his proposal twice and hesitated for nearly two years, reportedly because she was reluctant to make the sacrifices necessary to become a member of the royal family.^ She rejected his proposal twice and hesitated for nearly two years, reportedly because she was reluctant to make the sacrifices necessary to become a member of the royal family.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Standard of the other members of the Royal Family .
  • Flags of the Royal Family, United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.fotw.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She turned down several marriage proposals from him before he succeeded in convincing her to marry him, join the royal family, and endure the scrutiny of the press.
  • MySpace - King George VI - 22 - Male - Bucingham Pallace - myspace.com/69115867 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

[18] .In the words of Lady Elizabeth's mother, Albert would be "made or marred" by his choice of wife, and after a protracted courtship Elizabeth agreed to marry him.^ In the words of the Countess of Strathmore, Albert would be "made or marred" by his choice of wife and after a protracted courtship Elizabeth agreed to marry him.

^ In the words of Lady Elizabeth's mother, Albert would be "made or marred" by his choice of wife, and after a protracted courtship Elizabeth agreed to marry him.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Albert ('Bertie') met Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon , youngest daughter of the 14th Earl of Strathmore, he was instantly smitten.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19]
.They were married on 26 April 1923 in Westminster Abbey.^ They were married on 26 April 1923 in Westminster Abbey .

^ They were married on 26 April 1923 in Westminster Abbey.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were married on 26 April 1923.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The newly-formed British Broadcasting Company wished to record and broadcast the event on radio, but the Chapter vetoed the idea (although the Dean, Herbert Edward Ryle, was in favour).^ The newly-formed BBC wished to record and broadcast the event on radio , but the Chapter vetoed the idea (although the Dean, Herbert Edward Ryle was in favour).

^ The newly-formed British Broadcasting Company wished to record and broadcast the event on radio, but the Chapter vetoed the idea (although the Dean, Herbert Edward Ryle, was in favour).
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although Edward VII tried to make the British Royal Standard more personal by restricting its use, it is a British Royal Flag, and the same flag will become the Standard of her successor.
  • Flags of the Royal Family, United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.fotw.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .Lady Elizabeth was styled Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York after their marriage.^ Heiress presumptive When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII 's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - Free net encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.netipedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After George's marriage to May, she was styled Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York.
  • George V of the United Kingdom - Slider 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Albert's marriage to a British commoner was considered a modernising gesture.^ At that time, Albert's marriage to a British commoner was considered a modernising gesture.

^ Albert's freedom in choosing Elizabeth, legally a commoner though the daughter of a peer, was considered a gesture in favour of political modernisation; previously, princes were expected to marry princesses from other royal families.
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21]
.Because of his stammer, Albert dreaded public speaking.^ The Duchess helped him overcome his dread (due to stammering) of public speaking.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After his closing speech at the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley on 31 October 1925, which was an ordeal for both him and the listeners,[22] he began to see Lionel Logue, an Australian-born speech therapist.^ He was introduced by her to Lionel Logue, an Australian-born expert on speech.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Lionel Logue: Pioneer speech therapist" .
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Britain's overseas possessions (see British Empire ) were augmented by the victorious outcome of the War of the Spanish Succession, ratified in the Peace of Utrecht (1713).
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Duke and Logue practiced breathing exercises, and the Duchess rehearsed with him patiently.^ The Duke and Logue practiced breathing exercises, and the Duchess rehearsed with him patiently.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] .As a result of the training, the Duke's opening address at Australia's Federal Parliament at Canberra in 1927 went successfully,[24] and he was able to speak subsequently with only a slight hesitation.^ The Duke and Duchess of York travelled to Australia to open Parliament House in Canberra in 1927.
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a result of the training, the Duke's opening address at Australia's Federal Parliament at Canberra in 1927 went successfully, and he was able to speak thereafter with only a slight hesitation.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1900 , they toured the British Empire , visiting Australia , where the Duke opened the first session of the Australian Parliament upon the creation of the Commonwealth of Australia.
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  • George V of the United Kingdom - Free net encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.netipedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George V of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .His journey by sea to Australia took him via Jamaica, where Albert played doubles tennis partnered with a black man, which was unusual at the time and taken locally as a display of equality between races.^ In a time when royals were expected to marry fellow royals, it was unusual that Albert had a great deal of freedom in choosing a prospective wife.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If man, the prisoner of time, acts in conformity with the conventions of society into which he is born, it is difficult to judge him with irrevocable harshness.

^ He had fallen in love with Elizabeth that evening, although it had taken him time to realize it.
  • MySpace - King George VI - 22 - Male - Bucingham Pallace - myspace.com/69115867 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

[26]
.The Duke and Duchess of York had two children, Elizabeth (called "Lilibet" by the family), born 21 April 1926, who would succeed her father as Elizabeth II, and Margaret, born 21 August 1930. The Duke and Duchess and their two daughters lived a relatively sheltered life at their London residence, 145 Piccadilly.^ The Duke and Duchess had no children.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Duke and Duchess of York had two children: .
  • George VI of the United Kingdom - Slider 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ April 21, 1926 London, United Kingdom .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

.One of the few stirs arose when the Canadian Prime Minister, R. B. Bennett, considered the Duke for Governor General of Canada in 1931—a proposal that the King rejected on the advice of his ministers.^ The Duke and Duchess lived a relatively sheltered life at their London residence, 145 Piccadilly; one of the few stirs was when the Canadian Prime Minister, R. B. Bennett considered the Duke for Governor General of Canada in 1931 — a proposal which the King rejected on the advice of his ministers.

^ One of the few stirs arose when the Canadian Prime Minister, R. B. Bennett, considered the Duke for Governor General of Canada in 1931—a proposal that the King rejected on the advice of his ministers.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite the later claims of Lord Mountbatten of Burma that David Lloyd George, the Prime Minister, was opposed to the rescue of the Romanovs, records of the King's private secretary, Lord Stamfordham, suggest that George V opposed the rescue against the advice of Lloyd George.

[27]

Reluctant king

.On 20 January 1936, King George V died and Prince Edward ascended the throne as Edward VIII. As Edward had no children, Albert was the heir presumptive to the throne until his unmarried brother had any legitimate children, or died.^ King George V: Reign: 6 May 1910 - 20 January 1936: Coronation .
  • George V of the United Kingdom - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ On 6 May , 1910 , King Edward VII died, and the Prince of Wales ascended the throne.
  • George V of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 20 January 1936, King George V died and Prince Edward ascended the throne as Edward VIII. As Edward had no children, Albert was the heir presumptive to the throne until his unmarried brother had any legitimate children, or died.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.George V had severe reservations about Edward, saying, "I pray God that my eldest son will never marry and that nothing will come between Bertie and Lilibet and the throne."^ George V had had severe reservations about Edward, saying, "I pray God that my eldest son will never marry and that nothing will come between Bertie and Lilibet and the throne."
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George VI of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Edward was the eldest son of George V and Queen Mary.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I pray to God that my eldest son Edward will never marry and have children, and that nothing will come between Bertie and Lilibet and the throne.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28] .Less than a year later, on 11 December 1936, Edward VIII abdicated the throne in order to marry his mistress, the twice-divorced American Wallis Simpson.^ Later that year, Edward abdicated and her father became king.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward VIII, son of George V, 1936 .
  • Rulers of England and Great Britain: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There Edward had relationships with a series of married women, including the American Wallis Simpson.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Edward had been advised by Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin that he could not remain King and marry a divorced woman with two living ex-husbands.^ Edward had been advised by Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin that he could not remain King and marry a divorced woman with two living ex-husbands.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For political and religious reasons, the British Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin, advised Edward that he could not marry Mrs. Simpson and remain king.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward Heath became prime minister.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

.Edward chose abdication in preference to abandoning his marriage plans.^ Faced with this opposition, Edward chose to abdicate.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus Albert became king, a position he was reluctant to accept.^ Thus Prince Albert, Duke of York, was now king, a position he was reluctant to accept.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George VI of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When Edward VIII he abdicated on 11 December 1936, however, Albert became King George VI. .
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Edward VII died on 6 May 1910 Albert's father became King George V. Prince Edward was created Prince of Wales on 2 June 1910 and Albert was now second in line to the throne.

.The day before the abdication, he went to London to see his mother, Queen Mary.^ The day before the abdication, he went to London to see his mother, Queen Mary.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George VI of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After her husband's death, she was known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, to avoid confusion with her daughter, Elizabeth II (see queen mother).
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elizabeth was named after her mother, great-grandmother Queen Alexandra, and grandmother Queen Mary.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He wrote in his diary, "When I told her what had happened, I broke down and sobbed like a child."^ He wrote in his diary, "When I told her what had happened, I broke down and sobbed like a child."
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George VI of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At twenty he still wrote like a child.
  • Jorge III del Reino Unido / King George III of the United Kingdom. Biography - Atajo. Avizora 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.avizora.com [Source type: General]

[29]
.Courtier and journalist Dermot Morrah alleged that there was brief speculation as to the desirability of bypassing Albert (and his children) and his brother, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, in favour of their younger brother Prince George, Duke of Kent.^ Courtier and journalist Dermot Morroh alleged that there was brief speculation as to the desirability of bypassing Albert and his brother, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, in favour of the younger brother Prince George, Duke of Kent.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is alleged that there was brief speculation as to the desirability of bypassing him and his brother, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, in favour of the younger brother Prince George, Duke of Kent.

^ George Windsor, 1st Duke of Kent .
  • George VI of the United Kingdom - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is George VI of the United Kingdom? What is George VI of the United Kingdom? Where is George VI of the United Kingdom? Definition of George VI of the United Kingdom. Meaning of George VI of the United Kingdom. 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This seems to have been suggested on the grounds that Prince George was at that time the only brother with a son.^ When her son George left Hanover to come to England, he knew only a few words of English.
  • The History of England 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.byfaith.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Great Britain and Ireland 1738 1820, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1760 1820); son of Frederick Louis, prince of Wales, and grandson of George II , whom he succeeded.
  • George II King of Great Britain and Ireland: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Given that George was born only fifteen months after his brother Prince Albert Victor, it was decided to educate both royal princes together.
  • George V of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]
  • George V of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30]

Early reign

Three-storey Victorian building festooned with garlands with the words "God Save the King" mounted on the pitched roof
Darlington Town Hall decorated for the King's Coronation, 1937
.Albert assumed the style and title King George VI to emphasise continuity with his father and restore confidence in the monarchy.^ King George VI film belittles?
  • King George VI film belittles? - Colin Firth Gossip 23 September 2009 2:11 UTC celebrifi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King George VI has 1125 friends.
  • MySpace - King George VI - 22 - Male - Bucingham Pallace - myspace.com/69115867 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ The coronation of king george vi .
  • George Vi - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC history.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

[31] .The beginning of George VI's reign was taken up by questions surrounding his predecessor and brother, whose titles, style and position were uncertain.^ The beginning of George VI's reign was taken up by questions surrounding his predecessor and brother, whose titles, style and position were uncertain.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His brother became King George VI. .
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

^ He had been introduced as "His Royal Highness Prince Edward" for the Abdication broadcast,[27] but George VI felt that by abdicating and renouncing the succession Edward had lost the right to bear Royal titles, including "Royal Highness".
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He had been introduced as "His Royal Highness Prince Edward" for the Abdication broadcast,[32] but George VI felt that by abdicating and renouncing the succession Edward had lost the right to bear Royal titles, including "Royal Highness".[33] In settling the issue, George's first act as King was to confer upon his brother the title HRH The Duke of Windsor, but the Letters Patent creating the dukedom prevented any wife or children from bearing royal styles.^ King George VI film belittles?
  • King George VI film belittles? - Colin Firth Gossip 23 September 2009 2:11 UTC celebrifi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His brother, Prince Albert, Duke of York succeeded to the throne as King George VI. George VI made Edward the Duke of Windsor.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elizabeth was the first child of Prince Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI), and his wife, Elizabeth.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.George VI was also forced to buy the royal residences of Balmoral Castle and Sandringham House from Prince Edward, as these were private properties and did not pass to George VI automatically.^ Elizabeth's private residence in Sandringham, Norfolk.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sandringham House and Balmoral Castle are privately owned by the Queen.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ George VI was also forced to buy the royal residences of Balmoral Castle and Sandringham House from Prince Edward, as these were private properties and did not pass to George VI on his accession.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34] .Three days after his accession, on his 41st birthday, he invested his wife, the new Queen, with the Order of the Garter.^ Three days after his accession, on his 41st birthday, he invested his wife, the new Queen, with the Order of the Garter.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) in 1910.
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10068 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Academic]

^ He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.).
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10068 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Academic]

[35]
.George VI's coronation took place on 12 May 1937, the date previously intended for Edward's coronation.^ George VI's coronation took place on 12 May 1937, the previously intended date of Edward's coronation.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His Coronation at Westminster Abbey occurred on May 12 , 1937 and upon taking the throne, he chose the name "George VI", partly to comply with Queen Victoria 's wish that no king of England have the name "Albert" and partly to restore confidence in the monarchy by using the same name as his father.
  • George VI of the United Kingdom - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is George VI of the United Kingdom? What is George VI of the United Kingdom? Where is George VI of the United Kingdom? Definition of George VI of the United Kingdom. Meaning of George VI of the United Kingdom. 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Albert took the regnal name George VI. He and Elizabeth were crowned King and Queen of Great Britain, Ireland and the British dominions beyond the seas, and Emperor and Empress of India on 12 May 1937, the date already nominated for the coronation of Edward VIII. .
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a break with tradition, Queen Mary attended the ceremony as a show of support for her son.^ In a break with tradition, Queen Mary attended the coronation as a show of support for her son.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King George V and Queen Mary's coronation took place in June 1911, and his elder son David was declared Prince of Wales and heir apparent.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When he declared he would marry no other, his mother, Queen Mary, visited Glamis to see for herself the girl who had stolen her son's heart.
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36] .There was no Durbar held in Delhi for George VI, as had occurred for his father, as the cost would have been a burden to the government of India.^ "Without the King's initiative there would have been no National Government.
  • The Samuel Griffith Society: Volume 13: Chapter Nine 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.samuelgriffith.org.au [Source type: Original source]

^ There was no Durbar held in Delhi for George VI, as had occurred for his father, as the cost would have been a burden to the government of India.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Her father, George VI, was the last Emperor of India .
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] .Rising Indian nationalism made the welcome that the royal couple would have received likely to be muted at best,[38] and a prolonged absence from Britain would have been undesirable in the tense period before World War II.^ When Britain and France declared war on Germany, World War II began.
  • Europe (United Kingdom, Spain, France) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.orgsites.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He served in the Royal Navy during World War I, and after the war took on the usual round of public engagements.
  • George Vi - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC history.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ After the death of William's second son, Henry I , the country was subjected to a period of civil war that ended one year before the accession of Henry II in 1154.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two overseas tours were undertaken, to France and North America, both of which promised greater strategic advantages in the event of war.^ Prussia did most of the fighting in Europe, while Britain battled France in North America and India.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

^ Abroad, the constant wars with France expanded the British Empire all over the globe, particularly in North America and India.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the late 1600's, England and France had begun to challenge each other for commercial and colonial control of North America.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

[39]
.The growing likelihood of war in Europe dominated the early reign of George VI. The King was constitutionally bound to support Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler.^ Neville Chamberlain, a Conservative, became prime minister in 1937.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

^ The growing likelihood of war in Europe dominated the early reign of George VI. The King was constitutionally bound to support Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's appeasement stance towards Adolf Hitler.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King George VI film belittles?
  • King George VI film belittles? - Colin Firth Gossip 23 September 2009 2:11 UTC celebrifi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, when the King and Queen greeted Chamberlain on his return from negotiating the Munich Agreement in 1938, they invited him to appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace with them.^ However, when the King and Queen greeted Chamberlain on his return from negotiating the Munich Agreement in 1938, they invited him to appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace with them.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Upon Neville Chamberlain's return from Munich in 1938, he was invited onto the balcony of Buckingham Palace to receive acclamation from a crowd of well-wishers.
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1945, in an echo of Chamberlain's appearance, the King invited Churchill to appear with him on the balcony of Buckingham Palace for the VE Day celebrations.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This public association of the monarchy with a politician was exceptional, as balcony appearances were traditionally restricted to the royal family.^ Many members of the royal family are involved in charity work and maintain a public presence by visiting shelters, hospitals, and clinics.
  • Europe (United Kingdom, Spain, France) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.orgsites.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The royal family's seclusion caused public dismay.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On Victory in Europe (VE) Day, the Royal Family appeared on the balcony of Buckingham Palace to celebrate the end of the war in Europe.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
George VI, as King of Canada, grants Royal Assent to laws in the Canadian Senate, 19 May 1939. His consort, Queen Elizabeth, is to the right.
.In May and June 1939, the King and Queen toured Canada and the United States.^ King George V and Queen Mary's coronation took place in June 1911, and his elder son David was declared Prince of Wales and heir apparent.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Grain Elevators Canada - Photos of grain elevators in Canada and the United States.
  • George Bendo's Links 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC astro.imperial.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In October of that year, she toured Canada, and visited the President of the United States , Harry S. Truman , in Washington, D.C.; on the trip, the Princess carried with her a draft accession declaration for use if the King died while she was out of the United Kingdom.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From Ottawa, the royal couple were accompanied throughout the trip by the Prime Minister of Canada,[40] to present themselves in North America as King and Queen of Canada.^ The Queen appoints its leader as the Prime Minister .
  • The United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC skola.amoskadan.cz [Source type: Original source]

^ Canada becomes the first independent dominion in the British Empire under the Dominion of Canada Act 1868 - Disraeli succeeds Derby as Prime Minister.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1894, when Gladstone resigned for the last time but only on his own behalf, the Queen again exercised her discretion in selecting his successor as Prime Minister.
  • The Samuel Griffith Society: Volume 13: Chapter Nine 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.samuelgriffith.org.au [Source type: Original source]

[41][42] .George was the first reigning Monarch of Canada to visit North America, though he had been to Canada previously as Prince Albert and as Duke of York.^ George was the first reigning Monarch of Canada to visit North America, though he had been to his Canadian realm previously as Prince Albert and as Duke of York.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ George as Duke of Cornwall and York in 1901.

^ Courtier and journalist Dermot Morroh alleged that there was brief speculation as to the desirability of bypassing Albert and his brother, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, in favour of the younger brother Prince George, Duke of Kent.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Canadian Prime Minister, Mackenzie King, hoped that the King's presence in Canada would allow him to demonstrate in reality the principles of the Statute of Westminster 1931, which gave full self-government to the Dominions and recognised each Dominion as having a separate crown.^ Statute of Westminster (11 Dec 1931) .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Canadian Prime Minister at the time, William Lyon Mackenzie King, hoped that the King's presence in Canada would allow him to demonstrate in reality the principles of the Statute of Westminster 1931, which gave full self-government to the Dominions and recognised each Dominion as having a separate crown.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A dominion is a self-governing member of the empire that maintains its allegiance to the Crown.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, at his Canadian residence, Rideau Hall, George VI personally accepted and approved the Letter of Credence of the newly appointed U.S. Ambassador to Canada, Daniel Calhoun Roper.^ Thus, at his Canadian residence, Rideau Hall, George VI personally accepted and approved the Letter of Credence of the newly appointed U.S. Ambassador to Canada, Daniel Calhoun Roper.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When war broke out in 1939, George VI and his wife resolved to stay in London and not flee to Canada, as had been suggested.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kosacki received the Polish Silver Cross, and King George wrote him a personal letter of thanks.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The official Royal Tour historian, Gustave Lanctot, stated: "When Their Majesties walked into their Canadian residence, the Statute of Westminster had assumed full reality: the King of Canada had come home."[43]
The entire trip was a measure intended to soften the strong isolationist tendencies among the North American public with regard to the developing tensions in Europe. .Although the aim of the tour was mainly political, to shore up Atlantic support for Britain in any future war, the King and Queen were enthusiastically received by the public.^ Although the aim of the tour was mainly political, to shore up Atlantic support for Britain in any upcoming war, the King and Queen were enthusiastically received by the Canadian public.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tour was to have been made by the King and Queen, but the King was too frail.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Throughout the war, the King and Queen provided morale-boosting visits throughout the UK, visiting bomb sites and munitions factories.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44] .The fear that George would be unfavourably compared to his predecessor, Edward VIII, was dispelled.^ George V died in 1936 and was succeeded by his son, Edward VIII, who abdicated within a year in favor of his brother, George VI. .
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In late February 2003, Queen Elizabeth II's reign, then just over 51 years, surpassed the reigns of all four of her immediate predecessors combined ( King Edward VII , King George V , King Edward VIII and King George VI ).
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I would like to have seen more of the difficult relations between Bertie and his parents, and I feel personally that the character of Edward VIII was drawn to be crueler than he deserved.
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: Bertie and Elizabeth: The Reluctant Royals - The Story of King George VI & Queen Elizabeth 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

[45] .They visited the 1939 New York World's Fair and stayed with President Franklin D. Roosevelt at the White House and at his private estate at Hyde Park, New York.^ Together they visited the New York World Fair and the Royal party stayed at both the White House and Roosevelt's home in New York .
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During World War II , the king visited his armies where they were fighting, raising morale intently.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sean Conlon, New Hyde Park, NY, 5:59:53; 1345.

[46]

World War II

.After war broke out in September 1939, George VI and his wife resolved to stay in London, despite German bombing raids.^ Churchill had been Chancellor of the Exchequer in Baldwin's second administration, and after a long period in the political wilderness he had been appointed First Lord of the Admiralty by Chamberlain when war broke out in September, 1939.
  • The Samuel Griffith Society: Volume 13: Chapter Nine 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.samuelgriffith.org.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil war broke out between them soon after.

^ It was originally laid out by William George Armstrong and his wife during the 1860s, but some parts are far older.

.They officially stayed in Buckingham Palace throughout the war, although they usually spent nights at Windsor Castle.^ The King and Queen officially stayed in Buckingham Palace throughout the war, although they usually spent nights at Windsor Castle to avoid bombing raids.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, when the King and Queen greeted Chamberlain on his return from negotiating the Munich Agreement in 1938, they invited him to appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace with them.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Royal Family adhered to rationing restrictions in the country at the time; indeed, U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt during her stay at Buckingham Palace during the war reported expressly on the rationed food served in the Palace and the limited bathwater that was permitted.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47] .The first German raid on London, on 7 September 1940, killed about one thousand civilians, mostly in the East End.^ She often made visits to parts of London that were targeted by the German Luftwaffe, in particular the East End, near London's docks.
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On July 7 in London, bombs on three subway trains and a bus killed over 50 people and injured about 700 more.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

^ The Great Plague was an outbreak of bubonic plague that hit London, killing about 70,000 people (see Great Plague ).
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

[48] .On 13 September, the King and Queen narrowly avoided death when two German bombs exploded in a courtyard at Buckingham Palace while they were there.^ George VI and Queen Elizabeth narrowly avoided death when two German bombs exploded in a courtyard at Buckingham Palace while they were there.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, when the King and Queen greeted Chamberlain on his return from negotiating the Munich Agreement in 1938, they invited him to appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace with them.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Throughout the war, the King and Queen provided morale-boosting visits throughout the UK, visiting bomb sites and munitions factories.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49] In defiance, the Queen famously declared: "I am glad we have been bombed. .We can now look the East End in the face".[50] The royal family were portrayed as sharing the same dangers and deprivations as the rest of the country.^ It makes me feel I can look the East End in the face."
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Queen and the rest of the royal family were greatly concerned about the journey the Queen Mother was facing to get from Norfolk to Windsor.
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because foreigners are attracted to the pageantry of royalty, tourism related to the royal family brings a substantial amount of money into the country.
  • Europe (United Kingdom, Spain, France) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.orgsites.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They were subject to rationing restrictions, and U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt remarked on the rationed food served and the limited bathwater that was permitted during a stay at the unheated and boarded-up Palace.^ However, this point is contradicted by the official records; and Eleanor Roosevelt during her stay at Buckingham Palace during the war reported expressly on the rationed food served in the Palace and the limited bathwater that was permitted.
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Royal Family adhered to rationing restrictions in the country at the time; indeed, U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt during her stay at Buckingham Palace during the war reported expressly on the rationed food served in the Palace and the limited bathwater that was permitted.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first three times she was regent during her husband, King Henry d'Anjou's stay in his French possessions.

[51] .In August 1942, the King's brother, Prince George, Duke of Kent, was killed on active service.^ His brother became King George VI. .
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

^ George VI of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom from 1936 to his death, who unexpectedly succeeded the throne after the abdication of his brother.
  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prince George (second from the right) and family, circa 1891 In 1892 , Queen Victoria created George, Duke of York , Earl of Inverness and Baron Killarney .
  • George V of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52]
Eleanor Roosevelt (centre), King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in London, 23 October 1942
.In 1940, Winston Churchill replaced Neville Chamberlain as Prime Minister, though personally George would have preferred to appoint Lord Halifax.^ The choice of a successor to Neville Chamberlain had reduced itself to one between Winston Churchill and Lord Halifax.
  • The Samuel Griffith Society: Volume 13: Chapter Nine 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.samuelgriffith.org.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Neville Chamberlain, a Conservative, became prime minister in 1937.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

^ In this period of crisis, Winston Churchill, a Conservative, became prime minister.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

.After the King's initial dismay over Churchill's appointment of Lord Beaverbrook to the Cabinet, he and Churchill developed "the closest personal relationship in modern British history between a monarch and a Prime Minister".[53] Each Tuesday for four and a half years from September 1940 the two men met for private lunches to discuss the war in secret and with frankness.^ Lord Palmerston became prime minister.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1957 Eden did not proffer advice and so the Queen consulted Lords Salisbury and Kilmuir for the opinion of the Cabinet and Winston Churchill, as the only living former Conservative Prime Minister (following the precedent of George V consulting Salisbury's father and Arthur Balfour upon Andrew Bonar Law's resignation in 1923).
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1957 Eden did not proffer advice and so the Queen consulted Lords Salisbury and Kilmuir for the opinion of the Cabinet and Winston Churchill , as the only living former Conservative Prime Minister (following the precedent of George V consulting Salisbury's father and Arthur Balfour upon Andrew Bonar Law 's resignation in 1923 ).
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - Free net encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.netipedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[54]
.A strong bond of friendship was forged between the King and Queen and President and First Lady during the 1939 royal tour, which had major significance in the relations between the United States and the United Kingdom through the war years.^ Royal tour of Canada and the United States in 1939 In June 1939, Elizabeth's husband became the first reigning King of Canada to tour the country, as well as the United States.
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^ In 1939, the King and Queen undertook an extensive tour of Canada, during which they made a brief visit to the United States.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Navy - History - World War, 1939-1945 United States.
  • ArchiveGrid.org - historical sources from thousands of archives 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC archivegrid.org [Source type: Reference]

[55][56] .However, it was Roosevelt's relationship with Churchill that was critical.^ However, there have never been credible suggestions that the King took any strategic role in the war; his frequent letters to the President were mostly unanswered, and it was Roosevelt's relationship with Churchill that was critical.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Throughout the war, the King and Queen provided morale-boosting visits throughout the United Kingdom, visiting bomb sites and munitions factories, and (in the King's case) visiting military forces abroad.^ The war had a crippling effect on the United Kingdom.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

^ Throughout the war, the King and Queen provided morale-boosting visits throughout the UK, visiting bomb sites and munitions factories.
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^ The United Kingdom entered the war on Aug.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

.Their high public profile and apparently indefatigable determination secured their place as symbols of national resistance.^ This apparent threat to national identity or even, some fear, to security, reduces the willingness of the majority to accommodate free expression.

^ World War II During World War II, the King and Queen became symbols of the nation's resistance.
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In 1945, crowds shouted "We want the King!" in front of .Buckingham Palace during the Victory in Europe Day celebrations.^ On 8 May, 1945, on what is now called VE (Victory in Europe) Day, Buckingham Palace was a gathering place for the celebrations of the people, and up to a million cheered the appearance of the Royal Family on the famous balcony.
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^ When Buckingham Palace itself took several hits during the height of the bombing, Elizabeth was able to say, "I'm glad we've been bombed.
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^ In 1945, in an echo of Chamberlain's appearance, the King invited Churchill to appear with him on the balcony of Buckingham Palace for the VE Day celebrations.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In an echo of Chamberlain's appearance, the King invited Churchill to appear with him on the balcony to public acclaim.^ In 1945, in an echo of Chamberlain's appearance, the King invited Churchill to appear with him on the balcony of Buckingham Palace for the VE Day celebrations.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, when the King and Queen greeted Chamberlain on his return from negotiating the Munich Agreement in 1938, they invited him to appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace with them.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1945, Churchill was invited onto the balcony in a similar gesture.
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Empire to Commonwealth

Statue of George VI in Niagara Falls, Ontario
.George VI's reign saw the acceleration of the dissolution of the British Empire, which had begun with the Balfour Declaration at the 1926 Imperial Conference, when the Dominions were acknowledged to have evolved into sovereign states over a period of years—a declaration which was formalised in the Statute of Westminster 1931.^ Statute of Westminster (11 Dec 1931) .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In 1931 , the Statute of Westminster separated the crown so that George ruled the dominions as separate kingdoms.
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^ George VI's reign saw the acceleration of the dissolution of the British Empire, which had begun with the Balfour Declaration at the Imperial Conference of 1926, when the Commonwealth came into being and the Dominions were acknowledged to have evolved into sovereign states over a period of years previous—a declaration which was formalised in the Statute of Westminster 1931.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[57] .The process of transformation from an empire to a voluntary association of independent states, known as the Commonwealth, gathered pace after World War II. British India became the two independent dominions of India and Pakistan.^ Following World War II, most of the British colonies became independent.
  • United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.novelguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ India and Pakistan are granted independence.
  • United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.novelguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British Empire underwent rapid transformation.
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.George relinquished the title of Emperor of India, and became King of India and King of Pakistan instead.^ George relinquished the title of Emperor of India, and became King of India and King of Pakistan instead.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His brother became King George VI. .
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1876 Queen Victoria took the title of Empress of India, and Britain and its colonies became the British Empire.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

.He remained King of Pakistan until his death, but in 1950 George ceased to be King of India when that country became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, recognising George's new title as Head of the Commonwealth.^ In 1901, the country became the Commonwealth of Australia.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

^ He remained King of Pakistan until his death, but in 1950 George ceased to be King of India when that country became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, recognising George's new title as Head of the Commonwealth.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1947, India and Pakistan became independent nations within the Commonwealth.
  • United Kingdom, History of the | Article | World Book Student 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: Original source]

.Other countries, such as Transjordan in 1946, Burma in January 1948, Palestine (although divided between Israel and the Arab states) in May 1948 and Ireland in 1949, opted out of the Commonwealth.^ This process gathered pace after World War II. Transjordan became independent as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in 1946, Burma in January 1948, and Palestine (although divided between Israel and the Arab states) that May; all three opted out of the Commonwealth.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The role of this country should consist of friendly aid in the drafting of a European program and of the later support of such a program, by financial and other means, at European request.
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^ Events took place in many countries throughout the Queen's associated Commonwealth tour, and included a service of thanksgiving at St. Paul's Cathedral attended by dignitaries and other heads of state.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1947, the King and his family toured Southern Africa.^ In 1947, the King went on a state visit to South Africa, taking his family along, which was a first for a ruling monarch.
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^ Bond, p.10 Two years later, the Princess made her first official overseas tour, when she accompanied her parents to Southern Africa.
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.The Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa, Jan Smuts, was facing an election and hoped to make political capital out of the visit.^ Upon ascending to the throne George wrote to the British Prime Minister George Stanley Baldwin saying: "I am new to the job but I hope that time will be allowed to me to make amends for what has happened."
  • The History of Britain 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.byfaith.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Each is elected from single-member districts for a 5-year period, although new elections can be called early at the discretion of the prime minister.
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^ Acting through the Cabinet and in the name of the monarch, the prime minister exercises all of the theoretical powers of the crown, including making appointments.
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.George was appalled, however, when instructed by the South African government to only shake hands with whites,[58] and referred to his South African bodyguards as "the Gestapo".[59] Despite the tour, Smuts lost the election the following year, and the new government instituted a strict policy of racial segregation.^ South African segregation .

^ Also, the South African government had an official policy of racial segregation called apartheid.
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^ George Reid then became Premier, called fresh elections in mid 1895, when Dibbs lost his seat.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | October 12| Khrushchev shoe bang banging photo film watch Aleister Crowley Elizabeth Fry2002 Bali bombing Kuta Maria Lionza Columbus Day 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Illness and death

Statue of George VI at the Zoological and Botanical Gardens, Hong Kong
.The stress of the war had taken its toll on the King's health,[60] exacerbated by his heavy smoking and subsequent development of lung cancer among other ailments including arteriosclerosis.^ The stress of the war had taken its toll on the King's health,[46] exacerbated by his heavy smoking and subsequent development of lung cancer among other ailments including arteriosclerosis.
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^ He was a heavy smoker suffering from lung cancer , and had had a surgical operation on 23 September, 1951, during which his diseased lung was removed.
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^ Morabito, department chief at the ministry for sub-Saharan Africa, stressed that “Africa is no longer just a continent of wars and other problems but also one of opportunity”.

.Increasingly his daughter Princess Elizabeth, the heiress presumptive, took on more royal duties as her father's health deteriorated.^ Albert's freedom in choosing Elizabeth, legally a commoner though the daughter of a peer, was considered a gesture in favour of political modernisation; previously, princes were expected to marry princesses from other royal families.
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^ Heiress presumptive When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII 's abdication, she became Heiress Presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

.A planned tour of Australia and New Zealand was postponed after the King suffered an arterial blockage in his right leg, which was operated on in March 1949.[61] The delayed tour was re-organised with Princess Elizabeth and her husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, taking the place of the King and Queen.^ Prince Albert insisted on his rightful place as her husband and confidant.
  • The Hanoverian Dynasty 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC reallies.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bookmark places of interest, plan trips and take virtual tours.
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^ Prince Philip is consort to Queen Elizabeth.
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.The King was well enough to open the Festival of Britain in May 1951, but on 23 September 1951, he underwent a pneumonectomy where his left lung was removed following the discovery of a malignant tumour.^ In September 1951, George VI underwent a pneumonectomy where his left lung was removed following the discovery of a malignant tumour.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was a heavy smoker suffering from lung cancer , and had had a surgical operation on 23 September, 1951, during which his diseased lung was removed.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ultimate design was the penny black stamp, good for use throughout Britain on May 6 of the following year.
  • United Kingdom | This Day In Tech | Wired.com - Part 2 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

[62] .At the State Opening of Parliament in November, the King's Speech from the throne was read for him by Lord Chancellor Lord Simonds.^ The Queen, or her Governors-General in the realms outside the United Kingdom, also gives a speech at the annual State Opening of Parliament, outlining the government's legislative agenda for the year, but the speech is written by government ministers and reflects the view of the elected government.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ In her speech to Parliament at the Silver Jubilee in 1977 , Elizabeth stated "I cannot forget that I was crowned Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - Free net encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.netipedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Queen, or her Governors-General in the Realms outside the United Kingdom, also gives a speech at the annual State Opening of Parliament , outlining the government's legislative agenda for the year, but the speech is written by government ministers and reflects the view of the elected government.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

[63] His 1951 Christmas broadcast was recorded in sections, and then edited together.[64]
.On 31 January 1952, despite advice from those close to him, he went to the airport to see off Princess Elizabeth, who was going on her tour of Australia via Kenya.^ In early 1952, Elizabeth and Philip set out for a tour of Australia and New Zealand via Kenya.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In January 1952 Elizabeth and Philip set out for a tour of Australia and New Zealand .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - Free net encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.netipedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time her father had died, Elizabeth had been asleep high above ground in the now-famous Treetops Hotel, on her tour of Kenya.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A14113919 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Before takeoff he reportedly said to Bobo Macdonald, Elizabeth's childhood nanny who was accompanying her on the trip, "Take care of Lilibet for me", and she promised she would.^ Before takeoff he reportedly said to Bobo Macdonald, Elizabeth's nanny in childhood who was accompanying her on the trip, "Take care of Lilibet for me", and she promised she would.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MacDonald returned at 10.40 to Downing Street, said that he had told the King they could not go on as a united Cabinet and that the conference would take place on Monday.
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^ In 1926, the couple had their first child, Princess Elizabeth – "Lilibet" to the family – who would later become Queen Elizabeth II. Another daughter, Margaret Rose, was born four years later.
  • http://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Queen-Consort-of-the-United-Kingdom/3940609086280075061 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.geni.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[65] .On 6 February, George VI died from a coronary thrombosis in his sleep at Sandringham House in Norfolk, at the age of 56. His daughter Elizabeth flew back to Britain from Kenya, as Queen Elizabeth II.^ Elizabeth II succeeded George VI in 1952.
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/greatbritain.html?nav=el 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain (1926–) .

^ Elizabeth's private residence in Sandringham, Norfolk.
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His funeral took place at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 15 February, after a lying in state at Westminster Hall.[66] He was interred in the Royal Vault until transferred to the King George VI Memorial Chapel inside St. George's on 26 March 1969.[67] In 2002, the remains of his widow, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, and the ashes of his daughter, Princess Margaret, who both died that year, were interred in the chapel alongside him.

Legacy

Statue of George VI at Carlton Gardens, London
.The George Cross and the George Medal were founded at the King's suggestion during the Second World War to recognise acts of exceptional civilian bravery.^ The George Cross is a medal given by the British government for acts of heroism, primarily to civilians.
  • George on BabyNamer 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.babynamer.com [Source type: General]

^ Known for his bravery in World War I; became king upon the abdication of his brother Edward VIII (see list of British Monarchs ) George Walton Signer, Declaration of Independence, Georgia (see list of Signers of the Declaration of Independence ) George Washington (born 1732, died 1799) First President of the U.S., Revolutionary War commander, and ''Father of his Country.''
  • George on BabyNamer 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.babynamer.com [Source type: General]

^ Template:Infobox UKkingstyles King George's health declined during 1951 and Elizabeth frequently stood in for him at public events.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - Free net encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.netipedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[68] .There are a number of geographical features, roads, and institutions named after George VI. These include King George Hospital in London; King George VI Highway and King George Station in Surrey, British Columbia; George VI Sound in Antarctica; and the King George VI Chase, a horse race in the United Kingdom.^ CHARLIE SMITH london (London, United Kingdom) .
  • Events at artnet.com 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.artnet.com [Source type: News]

^ George V of the United Kingdom died at 71 .
  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ George VI of the United Kingdom was born .
  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1955, several years after his death, a statue of the king in his Garter robes was erected just off The Mall and Carlton Gardens in London.^ A statue of the king is also found in the Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ James was proclaimed king in 1524 but was for several years virtually a prisoner of Angus.

^ Several years later she returned home to the Britain, where she lived until her death.

.A neighbouring statue of his wife was unveiled in 2009.[69] Another statue of the king can be found in the Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens.^ Wing-chong Chan, Whampoa Garden, HONG KONG, 3:59:11; 114.

He was posthumously awarded the Ordre de la Libération by the French government in 1960, one of only two people (the other being Churchill) to be awarded the medal after 1946.[70]

In popular culture

.George has been portrayed on screen by Lyndon Brook in the 1979 BBC TV drama Churchill and the Generals, Owen Holder in the 1986 TV drama series Lord Mountbatten: The Last Viceroy, James Wilby in the 2002 Carlton Television drama Bertie and Elizabeth, Anthony Andrews in the 2003 BBC TV series Cambridge Spies, Mike Rose in the 2004 TV drama Ike: Countdown to D-Day, Harry Enfield in the 2004 spoof Churchill: The Hollywood Years, Bill Champion in the 2005 film Wallis and Edward, Iain Glen in the 2009 TV drama Into the Storm, and Colin Firth in the 2010 film The King's Speech.^ Bertie and Elizabeth: an overview , October 8, 2009 .
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: Bertie and Elizabeth: The Reluctant Royals - The Story of King George VI & Queen Elizabeth 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ George has been portrayed on screen by: * Lyndon Brook in the BBC TV drama Churchill and the Generals (1979) * Owen Holder in the TV drama series Lord Mountbatten: The Last Viceroy (1986) * James Wilby in the Carlton Television drama Bertie and Elizabeth (2002) * Anthony Andrews in the BBC TV series Cambridge Spies (2003) * Mike Rose in the TV drama Ike: Countdown to D-Day (2004) * Harry Enfield in the spoof Churchill: The Hollywood Years (2004) Titles, styles and honours Titles and styles .
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ James Wilby ("Gosford Park") and Juliet Aubrey ("Middlemarch") play Bertie and Elizabeth, with Alan Bates as King George V, Eileen Atkins as Queen Mary, Charles Edwards as Edward VIII and Amber Rose Sealey as Wallis Simpson (note: the two brothers are actually named Albert and Edward although they are called Bertie and David respectively by family and friends).
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: Bertie and Elizabeth: The Reluctant Royals - The Story of King George VI & Queen Elizabeth 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.George is a significant character in Michael Dobbs' 2003 novel Winston's War.^ A shop agent in Stephen King''s novel Firestarter (see list of Characters in Firestarter ) George Bernard Shaw (born 1856, died 1950) British playwright.
  • George on BabyNamer 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.babynamer.com [Source type: General]

^ The first victim of It in Stephen King''s novel It (see list of Characters in It ) George DeVille Fictional character.
  • George on BabyNamer 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.babynamer.com [Source type: General]

^ Dies of a heart attack in Stephen King''s novel The Stand (see list of Characters in The Stand ) George Meara Fictional character.
  • George on BabyNamer 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.babynamer.com [Source type: General]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 14 December 1895 – 28 May 1898: His Highness Prince Albert of York
  • 28 May 1898 – 22 January 1901: His Royal Highness Prince Albert of York
  • 22 January 1901 – 9 November 1901: His Royal Highness Prince Albert of Cornwall and York
  • 9 November 1901 – 6 May 1910: His Royal Highness Prince Albert of Wales
  • 6 May 1910 – 4 June 1920: His Royal Highness The Prince Albert
  • 4 June 1920 – 11 December 1936: His Royal Highness The Duke of York
  • 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952: His Majesty The King
.George held a number of titles throughout his life, as successively great-grandson, grandson and son of the monarch.^ The case was lost on the grounds that the pursuers had no title to sue the Crown, and also that the numbering of monarchs was part of the royal prerogative and not governed by the Act of Union.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - Free net encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.netipedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ George I, great-grandson of James I, 1714–27 .
  • Rulers of England and Great Britain: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Primogeniture, the passing of the throne to the eldest son when a monarch dies, has been the rule of succession, and when there are no sons, the eldest daughter ascends the throne.
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.As sovereign, he was referred to most often as simply The King or His Majesty; if a distinction was necessary, this was modified to His Britannic Majesty, His Imperial Majesty, His Canadian Majesty, etc.^ The country is often referred to simply as Britain.
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^ The executive branch also includes Her Majestys Government, commonly referred to simply as the government.
  • Europe (United Kingdom, Spain, France) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.orgsites.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Properly styled as "Her Majesty The Queen" (and when the distinction is necessary e.g.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - Free net encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.netipedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

.When in conversation with the King, the practice was to address him initially as Your Majesty and thereafter as Sir.^ When in conversation with the Queen, the practice is to initially address her as Your Majesty and thereafter as Ma'am (to rhyme with "ham").
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Firstly, the argument that the monarch was addressed as Your Grace , rather than Majesty , in pre-Union Scotland and secondly, that the preferred title had been King/Queen of Scots rather than of Scotland (although this was by no means unknown).
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - Free net encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.netipedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Firstly, the argument that the monarch was addressed as Your Grace, rather than Majesty, in pre-Union Scotland and secondly, that the preferred title had been King/Queen of Scots rather than of Scotland (although this was by no means unknown).
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

.In his position as sovereign, George automatically held the position of Commander-in-Chief in realms, such as Canada[71] and the United Kingdom.^ II. That when two Flag Officers of the same rank serve together the Commander-in-Chief may order either to carry such other flag as he sees fit.

^ Booking.com: hotel George Green Farm, Nr Stansted, United Kingdom - 31 Guest reviews.
  • Booking.com: hotel George Green Farm, Nr Stansted, United Kingdom - 31 Guest reviews. Book your hotel now! 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.booking.com [Source type: General]

^ Lauriston Place Edinburgh EH3 9EQ United Kingdom +44 131 229 7263 http://www.george-heriots.com/ .
  • Schmap Edinburgh Historic Buildings 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

[72]

Arms

.The Duke of York bore the royal arms, differenced with a label argent of three points, the centre bearing an anchor azure—a difference later awarded to his grandson, Prince Andrew, Duke of York.^ The Duke of York bore the royal arms, differenced with a label argent of three points, the centre bearing an anchor azure—a difference later awarded to his grandson, Prince Andrew, Duke of York.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As king, he bore the royal arms undifferenced.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From 21 April 1944, Elizabeth's arms consisted of a lozenge bearing the royal coat of arms, differenced with a label of three points argent , the centre bearing a Tudor Rose and the first and third a cross of St George.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As king, he bore the royal arms undifferenced.^ As king, he bore the royal arms undifferenced.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[73]
.
Albert's arms as Duke of York.^ George was the first reigning Monarch of Canada to visit North America, though he had been to his Canadian realm previously as Prince Albert and as Duke of York.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus Prince Albert, Duke of York, was now king, a position he was reluctant to accept.
  • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bertie and Elizabeth is the story of the courtship and marriage of Prince Albert, Duke of York and second son of King George V, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: Bertie and Elizabeth: The Reluctant Royals - The Story of King George VI & Queen Elizabeth 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

 
Arms as King of the United Kingdom. 

Ancestry

Notes and sources

  1. ^ a b c Wheeler-Bennett, Sir John (1958), King George VI: His Life and Reign, New York: Macmillan, pp. 7–8 
  2. ^ His godparents were Queen Victoria, Empress Frederick, Grand Duke Friedrich Wilhelm of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, his wife the Grand Duchess (formerly Princess Augusta of Cambridge), the Crown Prince of Denmark, the Duke of Connaught, Prince Adolphus of Teck, and the Duchess of Fife. Source: The Times, Tuesday 18 February 1896, p. 11
  3. ^ Windsor, The Duke of (1951), A King's Story, London: Cassell & Co Ltd, p. 9 
  4. ^ Bradford, Sarah (1989), King George VI, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, p. 2, ISBN 0-297-79667-4 
  5. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, pp. 17–18
  6. ^ a b Matthew, H. C. G. (2004), "George VI (1895–1952)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press) 
  7. ^ Bradford, pp. 41–45; Rhodes James, p. 91
  8. ^ Current Biography 1942, pp. 293–296
  9. ^ a b Bradford, pp. 55–76
  10. ^ a b RAF Cranwell - College History, Royal Air Force, http://www.raf.mod.uk/rafcranwell/aboutus/collegehistory.cfm, retrieved 22 April 2009 
  11. ^ Boyle, Andrew (1962), "Chapter 13", Trenchard Man of Vision, St. James's Place London: Collins, p. 360 
  12. ^ Laffin, John (1964), Swifter than Eagles. A biography of Marshal of the RAF Sir John Salmond, William Blackwood & Sons Ltd, p. 151 
  13. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, pp. 128–131
  14. ^ Weir, Alison (1996), Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, Revised Edition, London: Random House, p. 329, ISBN 0 712 67448 9 
  15. ^ Current Biography 1942, p. 280
  16. ^ Rhodes James, p. 97
  17. ^ Vickers, Hugo (2006), Elizabeth: The Queen Mother, Arrow Books/Random House, pp. 31, 44, ISBN 978-00994-76627 
  18. ^ Bradford, p. 106
  19. ^ Bradford, p. 77
  20. ^ Reith, John (1949), Into the Wind, London: Hodder and Staughton, p. 94 
  21. ^ Roberts, Andrew; Edited by Antonia Fraser (2000), The House of Windsor, London: Cassell & Co., pp. 57–58, ISBN 0-304-35406-6 
  22. ^ Rhodes James, p. 97
  23. ^ Rhodes James, p. 98
  24. ^ Rhodes James, p. 99
  25. ^ Current Biography 1942, pp. 294–295
  26. ^ Shawcross, William (2009), Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother: The Official Biography, Macmillan, p. 273, ISBN 9781405048590 
  27. ^ Howarth, Patrick (1987), George VI, Hutchinson, p. 53, ISBN 0-091-71000-6 
  28. ^ Ziegler, Philip (1990), King Edward VIII: The Official Biography, London: Collins, p. 199, ISBN 0-002-15741-1 
  29. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, p. 286
  30. ^ Howarth, p. 63
  31. ^ Howarth, p. 66
  32. ^ Sinclair, David (1988), Two Georges: the Making of the Modern Monarchy, Hodder and Staughton, p. 224, ISBN 0-340-33240-9 
  33. ^ Howarth, p. 143
  34. ^ Ziegler, p. 326
  35. ^ Bradford, p. 223
  36. ^ Bradford, p. 214
  37. ^ Vickers, p. 175
  38. ^ Bradford, p. 209
  39. ^ Bradford, pp. 269, 281
  40. ^ Library and Archives Canada, Biography and People > A Real Companion and Friend > Behind the Diary > Politics, Themes, and Events from King's Life > The Royal Tour of 1939, Queen's Printer for Canada, http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/king/023011-1070.06-e.html, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  41. ^ Bousfield, Arthur; Toffoli, Garry (1989), Royal Spring: The Royal Tour of 1939 and the Queen Mother in Canada, Toronto: Dundurn Press, pp. 60, 66, ISBN 1-55002-065-X, http://books.google.ca/books?id=1Go5p_CN8UQC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_navlinks_s#v=onepage&q=&f=false 
  42. ^ Lanctot, Gustave (1964), Royal Tour of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in Canada and the United States of America 1939, Toronto: E.P. Taylor Foundation 
  43. ^ Galbraith, William (1989), "Fiftieth Anniversary of the 1939 Royal Visit" (pdf), Canadian Parliamentary Review (Ottawa: Commonwealth Parliamentary Association) 12 (3): 7-9, http://www2.parl.gc.ca/Sites/LOP/Infoparl/12/3/12n3_89e.pdf, retrieved 14 December 2009 
  44. ^ Rhodes James, pp. 154–168; Vickers, p. 187
  45. ^ Bradford, pp. 298–299
  46. ^ The Times Monday, 12 June 1939 p. 12 col. A
  47. ^ Rhodes James, p. 214
  48. ^ Arnold-Forster, Mark (1983) [1973], The World at War, London: Thames Methuen, p. 303, ISBN 0 423 00680 0 
  49. ^ Churchill, Winston (1949), The Second World War, II, Cassell and Co. Ltd, p. 334 
  50. ^ Rhodes James, pp. 211–212
  51. ^ Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1994), No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II, New York: Simon & Schuster, p. 380 
  52. ^ Weir, p. 324
  53. ^ Rhodes James, p. 195
  54. ^ Rhodes James, pp. 202–210
  55. ^ Swift, Will (2004), The Roosevelts and the Royals: Franklin and Eleanor, the King and Queen of England, and the Friendship that Changed History, John Wiley & Sons 
  56. ^ Rhodes James, p. 344
  57. ^ History: Timeline, The Commonwealth Secretariat, http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Internal/34493/140633/timeline/, retrieved 22 April 2009 
  58. ^ Rhodes James, p. 295
  59. ^ Rhodes James, p. 294
  60. ^ King George VI, Official website of the British monarchy, http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQueensoftheUnitedKingdom/TheHouseofWindsor/GeorgeVI.aspx, retrieved 22 April 2009 
  61. ^ Rhodes James, pp. 314–317
  62. ^ Bradford, p. 454; Rhodes James, p. 330
  63. ^ Rhodes James, p. 331
  64. ^ Rhodes James, p. 334
  65. ^ Fisher, Graham; Fisher, Heather (1982), The Queen's Family, London: W. H. Allen & Co, ISBN 0-491-02867-9 
  66. ^ Bradford, p. 462
  67. ^ Royal Burials in the Chapel since 1805, Dean & Canons of Windsor, http://www.stgeorges-windsor.org/about-st-georges/royal-connection/burial/burials-in-the-chapel-since-1805.html, retrieved 15 February 2010 
  68. ^ Rhodes James, p. 216
  69. ^ Queen Mother statue is unveiled, BBC, 24 February 2009, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7906986.stm, retrieved 22 April 2009 
  70. ^ (pdf) List of Companions, Ordre de la Libération, http://www.ordredelaliberation.fr/fr_doc/liste_compagnons.pdf, retrieved 19 September 2009 
  71. ^ Constitution Act 1867; III.15, Queen's Printer for Canada, 1867, http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/const/c1867_e.html, retrieved 22 April 2009 
  72. ^ The Queen and the Armed Forces, Official web site of the British monarchy, http://www.royal.gov.uk/MonarchUK/ArmedForces/QueenandtheArmedForces.aspx, retrieved 22 April 2009 
  73. ^ Velde, François (19 April 2008), Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family, Heraldica, retrieved on 22 April 2009

References

  • Bradford, Sarah (1989), King George VI, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, ISBN 0-297-79667-4 
  • Howarth, Patrick (1987), George VI, Hutchinson, ISBN 0-091-71000-6 
  • Matthew, H. C. G. (2004), "George VI (1895–1952)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press) 
  • Rhodes James, Robert (1998), A Spirit Undaunted: The Political Role of George VI, London: Little, Brown and Co, ISBN 0 316 64765 9 
  • Sinclair, David (1988), Two Georges: the Making of the Modern Monarchy, Hodder and Staughton, ISBN 0-340-33240-9 
  • Wheeler-Bennett, Sir John (1958), King George VI: His Life and Reign, New York: Macmillan 
  • Weir, Alison (1996), Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, Revised Edition, London: Random House, ISBN 0 712 67448 9 

External links

George VI of the United Kingdom
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 14 December 1895 Died: 6 February 1952
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom and
British dominions beyond the seas

1936–1952
Succeeded by
Elizabeth II
As Queen of the Commonwealth realms
Emperor of India
1936–1947
Title removed by an
Order-in-Council¹ on 22 June 1948
King of Ireland
1936–1949
Succeeded by
Seán T. O'Kelly
As president of the Republic of Ireland
Succeeded by
himself
As the monarch in Northern Ireland
Political offices
New title Head of the Commonwealth
1949–1952
Succeeded by
Elizabeth II
British royalty
Preceded by
Edward, Prince of Wales
later became King Edward VIII,
later known as Edward, Duke of Windsor
Heir to the Throne
as heir presumptive

20 January 1936 – 11 December 1936
Succeeded by
Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh
later became Queen Elizabeth II
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Duke of York
7th creation

1920–1936
Merged in the Crown
Masonic offices
Preceded by
Iain Colquhoun
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland
1936–1937
Succeeded by
Norman Orr-Ewing
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Juan Belmonte
Cover of Time Magazine
12 January 1925
Succeeded by
John D. Rockefeller, Jr.
Notes and references
1. www.heraldica.org

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.George VI of the United Kingdom (Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor) (14 December 1895–6 February 1952).^ Was born on 14 December 1895 .
  • Who2 Almanac: George VI 23 September 2009 2:11 UTC almanac.who2.com [Source type: Academic]

^ George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor) ( 14 December 1895 - 6 February 1952) became the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Emperor of India, upon the unexpected abdication of his brother, Edward VIII .

^ He was born on December 14, 1895 as Albert Frederick Arthur George, the second son of King George V and his consort, Queen Victoria Mary.
  • George VI - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Attributed

  • You've been pretty unlucky with the weather, Mr Piper. .
    • On seeing John Piper's dark views of Windsor Castle painted during the last war.^ On seeing John Piper 's dark views of Windsor Castle painted during the last war.
      • George VI of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ King George V replaced the German-sounding title with that of Windsor during the First World War."
      • George VI Biography from Who2.com 23 September 2009 2:11 UTC who2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
      • George VI Biography (Royalty) — FactMonster.com 23 September 2009 2:11 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: General]

      ^ The King and Queen officially stayed in Buckingham Palace throughout the war, although they usually spent nights at Windsor Castle to avoid bombing raids.
      • Cyrrion - Catalog - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, George VI (1936-1952) 13 January 2010 12:27 UTC cyrrion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      Given in Times Literary Supplement, 7 October 1994, page 25.
  • We are not a family, we are a firm
    • On the Royal family, quoted by A. B. Baxter in Destiny Called to Them (Oxford University Press, 1939)

External links


Simple English

George VI
File:King George VI of England, formal photo portrait, circa
Formal portrait, circa 1940–46.
King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions (more...)
Reign 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952
Coronation 12 May 1937
Predecessor Edward VIII
Successor Elizabeth II
Prime Ministers See list
Spouse Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Issue
Elizabeth II
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Full name
Albert Frederick Arthur George
House House of Windsor
Father George V
Mother Mary of Teck
Born 14 December 1895
York Cottage, Sandringham House, Norfolk, England
Died 6 February 1952
Sandringham House, Norfolk
Burial 15 February 1952
St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle

George VI (December 14, 1895February 6, 1952) was the King of the United Kingdom from 11 December 1936 until he died on 6 February 1952. In 1923, he married Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.

He was followed by his daughter Queen Elizabeth II.

Other websites

English Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 16, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on George VI of the United Kingdom, which are similar to those in the above article.








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