The Full Wiki

Georges Charpak: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Georges Charpak
Born August 1, 1924 (age 85)
Dąbrowica, Ukraine
Nationality Poland, France
Fields Physics
Known for multiwire proportional chamber
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics, 1992

Georges Charpak (born August 1, 1924) is a Polish-French physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate.

Contents

Life

Charpak was born in the village of Dąbrowica in Poland (modern Dubrovytsia, Ukraine). Charpak's family moved from Poland to Paris when he was seven years old.

During World War II Charpak served in the resistance and was imprisoned by Vichy authorities in 1943. In 1944 he was deported to the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau, where he remained until the camp was liberated in 1945. After graduating from the Lycée Joffre in Montpellier, in 1945 he joined the Paris-based École des Mines, one of the most prestigious engineering schools in France. The following year he became a naturalized French citizen.

He graduated in 1948, earning the French degree of Civil Engineer of Mines (equivalent to a Master's degree) and started working for the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS). He received his doctorate in 1954 from Nuclear Physics at the Collège de France, Paris, where he worked in the laboratory of Frédéric Joliot-Curie. In 1959 he joined the staff of CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Geneva and in 1984 also became Joliot-Curie professor at the School of Advanced Studies in Physics and Chemistry (in French 'Ecole Superieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles', ESPCI), Paris.

He was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1985. In 1992, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber". This is the last time a single person has won the physics prize.

In France, Charpak is a very strong advocate for nuclear power. Prof. Charpak is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists [1].

Books

  • La vie à fil tendu, co-authored with Dominique Saudinos (1993 Odile Jacob, ISBN 2-7381-0214-X)
  • Devenez sorciers, devenez savants, co-authored with Henri Broch (Odile Jacob, ISBN 90-581-4005-9). Published in English as "Debunked!" by the Johns Hopkins University Press.

See also

External links

Advertisements

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Georges Charpak (born August 1, 1924) is a Polish-French physicist and 1992 Physics Nobel Prize laureate "for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber".

Sourced

  • Si on veut faire quelque chose, il faut donc s'occuper d'éducation.
    • literally: If we want to do something, we must deal with education.
    • If there's one thing to do, it's to engage in education.
    • in an edition by Michel Serres (2004). Les Limites de L'humain. L'Age d'Homme. p. 81. ISBN 2825118974.  

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message