Georgetown, Texas: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Georgetown, Texas
—  City  —
Nickname(s): Red Poppy Capital of Texas, Retirement Capital of Texas, Gtown
Motto: "Sincerely Yours"
Location of Georgetown, Texas
Coordinates: 30°39′4″N 97°40′53″W / 30.65111°N 97.68139°W / 30.65111; -97.68139Coordinates: 30°39′4″N 97°40′53″W / 30.65111°N 97.68139°W / 30.65111; -97.68139
Country United States
State Texas
County Williamson
Government
 - Type Mayor/Council
 - Mayor George Garver
 - City Manager Paul Brandenburg
Area
 - Total 24.9 sq mi (64.6 km2)
 - Land 22.8 sq mi (59.1 km2)
 - Water 2.1 sq mi (5.4 km2)
Elevation 755 ft (230 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 48,202
 Density 1,241.3/sq mi (479.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78626, 78627, 78628 & 78633
Area code(s) 512
FIPS code 48-29336[1]
GNIS feature ID 1357960[2]
Website http://www.georgetown.org

Georgetown is a city in and the county seat of Williamson County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 28,339 at the 2000 census. Southwestern University is located in Georgetown, about 1/2 mile east of the historic square. A popular tourist attraction, Inner Space Cavern is a cave found on the southside of the city, just off Interstate 35.

Contents

Geography

Georgetown is located at 30°39′04″N 97°40′53″W / 30.651187°N 97.681333°W / 30.651187; -97.681333 (30.651187, -97.681333)[4], 26 miles (42 km) north of Austin's Central Business District.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.9 square miles (64.6 km2), of which, 22.8 square miles (59.1 km2) of it is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) of it (8.42%) is water.

The city is located on the northeastern edge of Texas Hill Country, providing karst topography in western parts with more arable land to the east. The San Gabriel River runs through the city providing over 30 miles of hike and bike trails, several parks and recreation for both residents and visitors.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 28,339 people, 10,393 households, and 7,711 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,241.3 people per square mile (479.3/km2). There were 10,902 housing units at an average density of 477.5/sq mi (184.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.39% White, 3.39% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.31% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.07% of the population.

There were 10,393 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $54,098, and the median income for a family was $63,338. Males had a median income of $40,541 versus $27,082 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,287. About 4.4% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

History

The Tonkawa and Comanche Indians were some of the earliest to have a lived on the San Gabriel river many years before the arrival of the Spanish and settlers. Archaeologists have found evidence of Indian habitation that dates back some 11,700 years. Spanish Jesuits founded a short-lived mission in the area in the 1730s, but it was abandoned after only two years.

Georgetown was founded in 1848 at the fork of the San Gabriel River. The town was named for George Washington Glasscock who donated the land for the new town. Early American and Swedish pioneers were attracted to the area's abundance of timber and good, clear water, just as the Tonkawa Indians, who thrived in the area for many years. In addition, the land was inexpensive and extremely fertile. Georgetown, Texas is the county seat of Williamson County, which was formed on March 13, 1848 after the early settlers petitioned the State Legislature to create it out of Milam County. The county was originally to have been named San Gabriel County, but was instead named after Robert McAlpin Williamson (aka Three-Legged Willie), a Texas statesman and judge at the time.

Georgetown remained an agrarian community for most of the 19th and early 20th centuries. The establishment of Southwestern University in 1873 and construction of a railroad in 1878 contributed to the town's growth and importance. A stable economy was based largely on agriculture, mainly cotton. The Chisholm Trail, a cattle trail that led from Texas to the railcenters in Kansas and Missouri crossed through the heart of Georgetown.

Cotton production became dominant in the area from the 1880s through the 1920s. The Georgetown and Granger Railroad (GGR) was completed to Austin in 1904. Extensive loss from a 1921 flood led Georgetown to seek flood control, an effort that culminated in the building of a dam to impound Lake Georgetown, which opened officially on October 5, 1979. An unlicensed radio station appeared briefly in the 1930s, and Radio Station KGTN opened in 1962. At one time, Georgetown was served by two railroads, the International-Great Northern Railroad, which eventually was merged into the Missouri Pacific, and the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railway. Currently, Georgetown is served by the appropriately named Georgetown Railroad, a 'short line' railroad that uses portions of the former M-K-T and the I-GN to connect with the Union Pacific Railroad at Round Rock and at Granger.

Population growth and industrial expansion continued modestly in the twentieth century until about 1960, when residential, commercial, and industrial development, due to major growth and urban expansion of nearby Austin, greatly accelerated. In fact, Fortune Small Business Magazine in a 2008 publication named Georgetown the No. 2 best city in the nation to live and launch.

In the historic neighborhoods, adaptive restoration has been widely practiced, with special emphasis on a Main Street program and private restoration of older homes. The city was recently named one of the best places to purchase an historic house.[citation needed] Today, Georgetown is home to one of the best preserved Victorian and Pre-WW1 downtown historic districts, with The Beaux-Arts Williamson County Courthouse (1911) as its centerpiece. Due to its successful preservation efforts, Georgetown was named a national Main Street City in 1997, the first Texas city so designated.[citation needed] In 1998, the city celebrated the 150th anniversary of its founding with numerous community activities and events. By 2000, Georgetown and Williamson County experienced tremendous growth, doubling its population.

Retirement Capital of Texas

In addition to being well known as having one of the best preserved and active historic downtowns in Texas, Georgetown is considered to be one of the best places to retire in the nation due to its fairly warm climate year round, close proximity to both the countryside and Austin, excellent medical care including Alzheimer's care, and because of its increasing population of retirees.[citation needed] in 2007, Georgetown was named by Retirement Places Rated (Seventh Edition) as the Best Place in America to Retire. Part of this is due to the fact that Sun City Texas,a new and large community for the elderly, calls Georgetown home. More than ten thousand residents aged 55 and older reside there. Other active adult communities are also offered in Georgetown, including the Oaks at Wildwood, a single story maintenance free community. The city, county, and churches maintain compassionate care facilities for the elderly and other homeless at Bluebonnet and at less-expensive motels throughout the town.

Weather

Georgetown, like much of Central Texas, is characterized by its long and hot summers with cooler, very mild winters. The average summer temperature tops out at around 100 degrees during July and August. It is common for highs to be near 90 well into October but by this time the nights are noticeably cooler, giving the weather a more desert like feel.

Winters in Georgetown have highs in the 50s and 60’s with a few days dropping near freezing, providing the region with one or two ice storms per season. On the other hand, a few days will reach well above the average. It is not uncommon for the region to experience 80’s well into December and 70's in January.

Fall, winter and spring all average about two to three inches of rain per month while July and August are the driest averaging only one to two inches and sometimes will provide no precipitation at all. Most of what rain does fall during the long summer months comes from the outflow of Gulf storms that are often pushed away from the region by a large summer high pressure.

Georgetown sees over 300 days of at least partly cloudy skies per year with over 225 of those days being mostly sunny to sunny.

Education

The City of Georgetown is served by the Georgetown Independent School District and is the home of Southwestern University. Georgetown High School, a National Blue Ribbon Award School, serves the community.

Sites of interest

The Williamson County courthouse after its 2006-2007 renovation.
  • Historic Downtown Square
  • Williamson County Courthouse
  • Palace Theater
  • Grace Heritage Church
  • Windberg Art Gallery
  • 8th Street Art Studio
  • Williamson County Art Guild
  • Georgetown Public Library (ongoing art exhibits, occasional live music)
  • Founder's Park
  • The Williamson Museum
  • Georgetown Firefighters Museum
  • Georgetown Visitors Information Center
  • Inner Space Cavern
  • Southwestern University
  • Lake Georgetown
  • San Gabriel Park
  • Monument Cafe
  • The Levy House
  • Georgetown Municipal Airport

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Advertisements

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

GEORGETOWN, a city and the county-seat of Williamson county, Texas, U.S.A., on the San Gabriel river, about 25 m. N. by E. of Austin. Pop. (1890) 2447; (1900) 2790, of whom 608 were negroes. The city is served by the International & Great Northern, and the Missouri, Kansas & Texas railways. Georgetown is the seat of the Southwestern University (Methodist Episcopal, South, co-educational), formed in 1873 (chartered 1875) by the combination of Ruterville College (Methodist Episcopal, at Ruterville, Texas, chartered in 1840, and closed in 1850), McKenzie College (at Clarksville, Texas, founded in 1841 and closed in 1872), Wesleyan College at San Augustine (chartered in 1844, burned a few years later, and not rebuilt), and Soule University at Chapel Hill (chartered in 1856, but closed in 1870). The university includes a fitting school at Georgetown, and a medical department at Dallas, Texas; in 1909 it had an enrolment of 1037 students. The principal manufactures of Georgetown are cotton and cotton-seed oil, and planing-mill products.* In Page Park are mineral springs, whose waters have medicinal qualities similar to the famous Karlsbad waters. The first settlement was made here in 1848; and Georgetown was incorporated as a town in 1866, and was chartered as a city in 1890.


<< Georgetown, South Carolina

Georgia >>


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message