Georgia: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Georgia

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Contents

Georgia has two principal meanings:
Georgia may also refer to:

Places

Media and entertainment

Ships

Other uses

See also


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

There's more than one place called Georgia.

Caucasus

United States of America

Solomon Islands

  • New Georgia Islands

Islands of the Southern Ocean

This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.GEORGIA, a southern state of the United States of America, one of the thirteen original states, situated between 30° 3 1 ' 39" and 35° N., and between 81° and 8 5° 53' 38" W. It is bounded N. by Tennessee and North Carolina, E. by South Carolina and the Atlantic Ocean, S. by Florida, and W. by Alabama.^ The granddaughter of Francis L. Cardozo, the secretary of state of South Carolina during Reconstruction, she was a graduate of Columbia University and employed as a histological chemist.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The following year, the Journal of Negro History appeared, one of the oldest learned journals in the United States.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ His stay in the United States was a short one due to his treatment by the racist American film industries and because of criticism by blacks regarding his role as a corrupt emperor.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The total area of the state is 59,265 sq. m., of which 540 sq. m. are water surface.
The surface of Georgia is divided into five physiographic zones. From the sea coast, which is skirted by fertile, semi-tropical islands, a plain of 35,000 sq. m., known as South Georgia, extends northward to the " fall-line " passing from Augusta, through Milledgeville and Macon, to Columbus. This is a part of the great Atlantic Coastal Plain. For 20 m. from the coast its elevation is 10 ft., then it rises abruptly 70 ft. higher, and 20 m. farther N. another elevation begins, which reaches 575 ft. at Milledgeville, the average elevation of the entire region being 250 ft. North of the line mentioned, and collectively known as North Georgia, are the four other regions, each with well-defined characteristics. The largest and southernmost, a broad belt extending from the " fall-line " to a line passing through Clarkesville, Habersham county, Cartersville, Bartow county and Buchanan, Haralson county (approximately), is known as the Piedmont Belt or Plateau, being a region of faint relief eroded on highly complicated crystalline rocks. .The Blue Ridge escarpment, a striking topographic feature in Virginia and the Carolinas, extends into Georgia along the north-eastern border of this belt, but is less strongly developed here than elsewhere, dying out entirely towards the south-west.^ As the Blues craze died out in the late 1920s, Hattie started appearing in theatrical productions.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He often fought to punish his opponents rather than knock them out, endlessly avoiding their blows and striking with swift counters.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.North of the Piedmont Belt lie the Appalachian Mountains Region and the Great Valley Region, the former to the east, the latter to the west of a dividing line from Cartersville northward.^ O'Ree was born in 1935 and grew up in Fredericton, New Brunswick, a small city in coal mining region just north and east of Maine.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The former region consists of detached mountain masses of crystalline rocks, not yet eroded down to the level of the Piedmont Belt. In Towns county, in the Appalachian Region, is the highest point in the state, Brasstown Bald, also called Enota Mountain (4768 ft.). The Great Valley Region consists of folded sedimentary rocks, extensive erosion having removed the soft layers to form valleys, leaving the hard layers as ridges, both layers running in a N.E.-S.W. direction. In the extreme north-west corner of the state is a small part of the Cumberland Plateau, represented by Lookout and Sand Mts.
On the Blue Ridge escarpment near the ,N.E. corner of the state is a water-parting separating the waters which find their way respectively N.W. to the Tennessee river, S.W. to the Gulf of Mexico and S.E. to the Atlantic Ocean; indeed, according to B. M. and M. R. Hall (Water Resources of Georgia, p. 2), " there are three springs in north-east Georgia within a stone's throw of each other that send out their waters to Savannah, Ga., to Apalachicola, Fla., and to New Orleans, La." The water-parting between the waters flowing into the Atlantic and those flowing into the Gulf extends from this point first S.E. for a few miles, then turns S.W. to Atlanta, and from there extends S.S.E. to the Florida line. .West of where the escarpment dies out, the Great Valley Region and a considerable portion of the Appalachian Mountains Region are drained by the Coosa, the Tallapoosa and their tributaries, into Mobile Bay, but the Cumberland Plateau, like that part of the Appalachian Mountains Region which lies directly N. of the Blue Ridge escarpment, constitutes a part of the Tennessee Basin.^ As the Blues craze died out in the late 1920s, Hattie started appearing in theatrical productions.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The principal rivers of the state are the Chattahoochee and the Flint, which unite in the S. W. corner to form the Apalachicola; the Ocmulgee (whose western tributary, the Towaliga, falls 96 ft. in less than a quarter of a mile), and the Oconee, which unite in the S.E. to form the Altamaha; and the Savannah, which forms the boundary between Georgia and South Carolina. .All of these rise in the upper part of the Piedmont Plateau, through which they pursue a rapid course over rocky beds, and are navigable only south of the " fall-line," at which and north of which they furnish an abundance of water-power.^ Before my time, they had an all-black line with the Carnegie bothers, Herbie and Ossie, and Manny McIntyre.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Even though the boys said that they "didn't blame her for getting mad" after all the insults she had endured over the course of the year, Minnijean was suspended for six days.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The upper Savannah river first flows S.W., then turns abruptly S.E., while the Chattahoochee river rises near this point and continues S.W. This is because the upper Savannah 1 was formerly part of the Chattahoochee, but was captured and turned S.E. by headward growth of the Savannah. As a result of the capture there is a deep gorge along the upper Savannah, especially along the branch called the Tallulah river; and the upper Tallulah, in a series of cascades, 21 m. long, falls 525 ft. from the former higher level down to the main bed of the upper Savannah, at Tallulah Falls, a summer resort.
The fauna and flora have no distinctive features. (See United States.) Climate and Soils. - The climate of Georgia, though temperate, differs considerably in different parts of the state. .All the nine climate belts in the United States, except that of southern Florida, are represented within its borders.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In these dual capacities, he had operational command of all United States and Canadian strategic aerospace defense forces.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Decades of growing only cotton and tobacco had depleted the soils of the southern area of the United States of America.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The lowest mean annual temperature, 40° F. and below, is that of some of the mountain tops of northern Georgia; from the mountain-sides to the Piedmont Plateau this mean temperature varies from 45° to 60'; on the Piedmont Plateau from 60° to 65°; and on the Coastal Plain from 60° to 70°. .The July isotherm of 80° crosses the state a little N. of Augusta and Macon, touching the W. boundary at West Point, Troup county.^ In the spring Peary and his men left the camp with the goal of crossing Greenland from west to east in an attempt to find the northern-most point of the island.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The mean July temperature for the whole state is 81 8°; for the part S. of the 80° isotherm the average temperature for July is between 80° and 85°. The average rainfall for the state is 49.3 in.; the maximum is 71.7 in., at Rabun Gap in the extreme N.E. part of the state; the minimum is 39.4 at Swainsboro, Emanuel county, a little S.E. of the centre of the state.
Georgia is also notable for the variety of its soils. In the Cumberland Plateau and Great Valley Regions are a red or brown loam, rich in decomposed limestone and calcareous shales, and sandy or gravelly loaTns. In the Piedmont Plateau and Appalachian Mountains Regions the surface soil is generally sandy, but in considerable areas the subsoil is a red clay derived largely from the decomposition of hornblende. By far the greatest variety of soils is found in the Coastal Plain Region. Here the Central Cotton Belt, extending from the " fall-line " as far S. as a line bisecting Early county in the W. and passing through Baker, Worth, Dooly, Dodge, Laurens, Johnson, Jefferson and Burke counties, has three distinct kinds of soil; a sand, forming what is known as the sand-hill region; red clay derived from silicious rock in the red hills; and grey, sandy soils with a subsoil of yellow loam. South of the Cotton Belt is the Lime Sink Region, which includes Miller, Baker, Mitchell, Colquitt and Worth counties, the northern portions of Decatur, Grady, Thomas, Brooks and Lowndes, the eastern parts of Dooly and Lee, and the eastern portions of Berrien, Irwin, Wilcox, Dodge, and some parts of Burke, Screven and Bulloch. The soft limestone underlying this region is covered, in the uplands, with grey, sandy soils, which have a subsoil of loam; in the lowlands the surface soils are loams, the subsoils clays. Adjoining this region are the pine barrens, which extend S. to a line passing through the northern portions of Pierce, Wayne, Liberty, Bryan 1 According to the usual nomenclature, the branch flowing S.W. is called the Chattooga; this unites with the Tallulah to form the Tugaloo, which in turn unites with the Kiowee to form the Savannah proper.
and Effingham counties. Here the prevailing soils are grey and sandy with a subsoil of loam, but they are less fertile than those of the Lime Sink or Cotton Belts. The coast counties of the S.E. and generally those on the Florida frontier are not suitable for cultivation, on account of the numerous marshes and swamps, Okefinokee Swamp being 45 m. long and approximately 30 m. wide; but the southern portions of Decatur, Grady, Thomas and Brooks counties are sufficiently elevated for agriculture, and the islands off the coast are exceedingly productive.
Table of contents

Agriculture

.The principal occupation in Georgia is agriculture, which in 'goo engaged seven-tenths of the land surface of the state and the labour of three-fifths of the population, ten years old and over, who are employed in profitable occupations.^ He started skating when he was three years old and began playing in a league at age five.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Eighty-seven-year-old Woodrow Crockett was a part of that experiment.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The products are so diversified that, with the exception of some tropical fruits of California and Florida, almost everything cultivated in the United States can be produced.^ Produced by her own production company, Harpo Productions, Inc., the show is seen by an estimated 46 million viewers a week in the United States** and is broadcast internationally in 134 countries.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The chief staple is cotton, of which a valuable hybrid called the Floradora, a cross of long and short staple, has been singularly successful. .Cotton is raised in all counties of the state except Rabun, Towns and Fannin in the extreme north, and about one-third of the total cultivated land of the state was devoted to it in 1900-1907. In 1899-1904 the crop exceeded that of the other cotton-producing states except Texas, and in 1899, 1900 and 1903 Mississippi, averaging 1,467,121 commercial bales per annum; the crop in 1904 was 1,991,719 bales, and in 1907-1908 the crop was 1,815,834 bales, second only to the crop of Texas.^ Most important was the fact that he changed the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to being multi-crop farmlands, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses for their new crops.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Among other goals, the Nation of Islam fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Other inventors (http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blasphalt.htm#lights) had experimented with, marketed, and even patented traffic signals, however, Garrett Morgan was one of the first to apply for and acquire a U.S. patent for an inexpensive to produce traffic signal.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The cause of this extensive cultivation of cotton is not a high average yield per acre, but the fact that before 1860 " Cotton was King," and that the market value of the staple when the Civil War closed was so high that farmers began to cultivate it to the exclusion of the cereals, whose production, Indian corn excepted,.^ Most important was the fact that he changed the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to being multi-crop farmlands, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses for their new crops.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Crumpler practiced in Boston for a short while before moving to Richmond, Virginia, after the Civil War ended in 1865.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He failed, but his case helped light the fire that would cause the Civil War.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

showed a decline during each decade from 1879 to 1899. But in the 'nineties the price of the cotton fell below the cost of production, owing to the enormous supply, and this was accompanied by economic depression. These conditions have caused some diversification of crops, and successful experiments in cattleraising, movements encouraged by the Department of Agriculture and the leading newspapers.
The principal cereals cultivated are Indian corn (product, 53,75 0, 000 bushels in 1908) and wheat; the cultivation of the latter, formerly remunerative, declined on account of the competition of the Western States, but revived after 1899, largely owing to the efforts of the Georgia Wheat Growers' Association (organized in 1897), and in 1908 the yield was 2,208,000 bushels. The sugar-cane crop declined in value after 1890, and each year more of it was made into syrup. In 1908 the tobacco crop was 2,705,625 lb, and the average farm price was 35 cents, being nearly as high as that of the Florida crop; Sumatra leaf for wrappers is grown successfully.. .The acreage and product of tobacco and peanuts increased from 1890 to 1900 respectively 188% and 319.2%, and 92.6% and 129.9%, and in the production of sweet potatoes Georgia was in 1899 surpassed only by North Carolina.^ He educated the farmers to alternate the soil-depleting cotton crops with soil-enriching crops such as; peanuts, peas, soybeans, sweet potato, and pecans.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Alfalfa and grasses grow well. Truck farming and the cultivation of orchard and small fruits have long been remunerative occupations; the acreage devoted to peaches doubled between 1890 and 1900. Pecan nuts are an increasingly important crop.
Agriculture in Georgia was in a state of transition at the beginning of the 10th century. .Owing to the abundance of land and to negro slavery, exploitative methods of cultivation were employed before the Civil War, and such methods, by which lands after being worked to exhaustion are deserted for new fields, had not yet been altogether abandoned.^ Most important was the fact that he changed the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to being multi-crop farmlands, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses for their new crops.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Crumpler practiced in Boston for a short while before moving to Richmond, Virginia, after the Civil War ended in 1865.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ During the American Civil War he was forced to work on the fortifications in Charleston harbor but managed to escape to the West Indies, where he remained until the end of the war in 1865.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

One reason for this was that, according to the census of 1900, 36.9% of the farms were operated by negroes, of whom 86% were tenants who desired to secure the greatest possible product without regard to the care of the soil. .Consequently there were large tracts of untilled " waste " land; but these rapidly responded to fertilization and rotation of crops, often yielding Boo to 1200 lb of cotton per acre, and Georgia in 1899 used more fertilizers than any other state in the Union.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ More than 33,000 of these gallant soldiers gave their lives for the sake of freedom and their country.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ During that conflict, more than 180,000 African Americans (http://www.africanamericans.com/) wore the Union Army blue.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Another feature of agriculture in Georgia was the great increase in the number of farms, the average size of plantations having declined from 440 acres in 1860 to 117.5 in 1900, or almost 75%, while the area in cultivation increased only 15.6% between 1850 and 1900. The tenantry system was also undergoing a change - the share system which developed in the years succeeding the Civil War being replaced by a system of cash rental.^ He was born into difficult and changing times near the end of the Civil War.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ By the end of the Civil War, roughly 179,000 black men (10% of the Union Army) served as soldiers in the U.S. Army and another 19,000 served in the Navy.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The economy of the farming south had been devastated by years of civil war and the fact that the cotton and tobacco plantations could no longer (ab)use slave labor.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Manufactures

Although excelled by Alabama in th County Seats County Boundaries ;' -i f y? ' ' yii Bait { } ridge. t. o ?.,.'?. a 1 'J Y z4v.i</G 1 n ?S :l? .u iw manufacture of mineral products, and by North Carolina and South Carolina in the number and output of cotton mills, in 1900 and in 1905 Georgia surpassed each of those states in the total value of factory products, which was, however, less than the value of the factory products of Louisiana and Virginia among the southern states.^ The granddaughter of Francis L. Cardozo, the secretary of state of South Carolina during Reconstruction, she was a graduate of Columbia University and employed as a histological chemist.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Decades of growing only cotton and tobacco had depleted the soils of the southern area of the United States of America.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The chief features of this industrial activity are its early beginning and steady, constant development. As far back as 1850 there were 1522 manufacturing establishments (35 of which were cotton mills) in the state, whose total product was valued at $7,082,075. Despite the Civil War, there was some advance during each succeeding decade, the most prosperous relatively being that from 1880 to 1890. In 1900 the number of establishments was 7504, an increase of 75. I % over the number in 1890; the capital invested was $89,789,656, an increase of 57.7%, and the value of products ($ 10 6, 6 54,5 2 7) w a s 54.8% more than in 1890. Of the 7504 establishments in 1900, 3015 were conducted under the " factory system," and had a capital of $79,3 0 3,3 16 and products valued at $94,532,368. In 1905 there were 3219 factories, with a capital of $135,211,551 (an increase of 70.5% over 1900), and a gross product valued at $151,040455 (59.8% greater than the value of the factory product in 1900).
.The most important manufacturing industries are those that depend upon cotton for raw material, with a gross product in 1900 valued at $26,521,757. In that year 1 there were 67 mills engaged in the manufacture of cotton goods, with a capital of $24,158,159, and they yielded a gross product valued at $ 18 ,457, 6 45; the increase between 1900 and 1905 was actually much larger (and proportionately very much larger) than between 1890 and 1900; the number of factories in 1905 was 103 (an increase of 53.7% over 1900); their capital was $42,349,618 (75.3% more than in 1900); and their gross product was valued at $35,174,248 (an increase of 90 6% since 1900).^ His production company, 40 Acres & A Mule Filmworks (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/40_Acres_%26_A_Mule_Filmworks), has produced over 35 films since 1983.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Most important was the fact that he changed the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to being multi-crop farmlands, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses for their new crops.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ America's economy was heavily dependent upon agriculture during this era making Carver's achievements very significant.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The rank of Georgia among the cotton manufacturing states was seventh in 1900 and fourth in 1905. Cotton-seed oil and cake factories increased in number from 17 to 43 from 1890 to 1900, and to 112 in 1905, and the value of their product increased from $1,670,19610 $8,064,112, or 382.8%in 1890-1900, and to $13,539,899 in 1905, or an increase of 67.9% over 1900, and in 1900 and in 1905 the state ranked second (to Texas) in this industry in the United States.^ His stay in the United States was a short one due to his treatment by the racist American film industries and because of criticism by blacks regarding his role as a corrupt emperor.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ She was unable to successfully market her valuable inventions and found no support from United States Veteran's Administration, so she gave the patent rights to the French government in 1952.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1896, he moved from Indianapolis to Middletown, Connecticut, then a center of the United States bicycle industry with half a dozen factories and thirty bicycle shops, to work as a bicycle mechanic in the Worcester Cycle Manufacturing Company factory, owned by Birdie Munger who was to become his lifelong friend and mentor, and race for Munger's team.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

This growth in cotton manufactures is due to various causes, among them being_ the proximity of raw material, convenient water-power, municipal exemption from taxation and the cheapness of labour. .The relation between employer and employee is in the main far more personal and kindly than in the mills of the Northern States.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ This game was considered more important than the World Series and annually attracted between 20,000 and 50,000 fans.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The forests of Georgia, next to the fields, furnish the largest amount of raw material for manufactures. The yellow pines of the southern part of the state, which have a stand of approximately 1 3,77 8, 000 ft., yielded in 1900 rosin and turpentine valued at $8,110,468 (more than the product of any other state in the Union) and in 1905 valued at $7,705,643 (second only to the product of Florida). .From the same source was derived most of the lumber product valued 2 in 1900 at $13,341,160 (more than double what it was in 1890) and in 1905 at $16,716,594. The other important woods are cypress, oak and poplar.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ There was one "first" accomplishment that was more special than any of the others, however.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ This game was considered more important than the World Series and annually attracted between 20,000 and 50,000 fans.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Fourth in value in 1905 (first, cotton goods; second, lumber and timber; third, cotton-seed oil and cake) were fertilizers, the value of which increased from $3,367,353 in 1900 to $9,461,415 in 1905, when the state ranked first of the United States in this industry; in 1900 it had ranked sixth.^ In addition, he was the first African American to be admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ His stay in the United States was a short one due to his treatment by the racist American film industries and because of criticism by blacks regarding his role as a corrupt emperor.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He was the first elected African American governor in United States history.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Communications

.Means of transportation for these products are furnished by the rivers, which are generally navigable as far north as the " fall line " passing through Augusta, Milledgeville, Macon and Columbus; by ocean steamship lines which have piers at St Mary's, Brunswick, Darien and Savannah; and by railways whose mileage in January 1909 was 6,871.8 m.^ As word of Garrett Morgan’s life-saving inventions spread across North America and England, demand for these products grew.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The most important of the railways are the Central of Georgia, the Southern, the Atlantic Coast Line, the Seaboard Air Line, the Georgia and the Georgia Southern & Florida. In 1878 a state railway commission was established which has mandatory power for the settlement of all traffic problems and makes annual reports.

Population

The population of Georgia in 1880 was 1,542,180; in 1890 it was 1,837,353, an increase of 19.1%; in 1900 it was 1 The manufacturing statistics for 1900 which follow are not those given in the Twelfth Census, but are taken from the Census of Manufactures, 1905, the 1900 figures here given being only for " establishments on a factory basis," and thus being comparable with those of 1905. In 1890 there were 53 mills with a capital of $17,664,675 and a product valued at $12,035,629.
2 In these valuations for 1900 and for 1905 the rough lumber dressed or remanufactured in planing mills enters twice into the value of the product.
2,216,331, a further increase of 20.6%. 3 Of these inhabitants,. .53.3% were whites and 46.7% were negroes, 4 the centre of the black population being a little south of the " fall line."^ The idea seems to me as if it was thought up by a bunch of rich white guys as a way to placate the black population.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Here the negroes increased, from 1890 to 1900, faster than the whites in eighteen counties, but in northern Georgia, where the whites are in the majority, the negro population declined in twelve counties.^ It is not a crime to kill a negro in Talbot county, Maryland, farther than it is a deprivation of a man's property.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ As in the white major leagues, the Negro leagues had their own World Series.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Also the percentage of negro illiteracy is higher in northern Georgia than in other parts of the state, the percentage of negro male illiterates of voting age being 38.3% in Atlanta in 1900, and in Savannah only 30.7%.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ With this ship carrying them the first part of the way, the expedition was able to get closer to the Pole than any other human beings - within 174 miles.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The population. of Georgia has a very slight foreign-born element (. 6% in 1900) and a small percentage (I . 7% in 1900) of people of foreign. parentage. The urban population (i.e. the population in places. of 2 500 inhabitants and over) was 15.6% of the total in 1900, and the number of incorporated cities; towns and villages was 372. Of these only forty had a population exceeding 2000, and thirteen exceeding 500o. The largest city in 1900 was Atlanta, the capital since 1868 (Louisville, Jefferson county, was the capital in 1795-1804, and Milledgeville in 1804-1868), with 89,872 inhabitants. .Savannah ranked second with 54,244, and Augusta third with 39,441. In 1900 the other cities in the state with a population of more than 5000 were: Macon (23,272), Columbus (17,614), Athens (10,245), Brunswick (9081), Americus (7674), Rome (7291), Griffin (6857), Waycross (5919), Valdosta (56,3), and Thomasville (5322).^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Honors On Human Kindness Day 1974 in Washington DC more than 10,000 people paid tribute to Simone for her music and commitment to humanity.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ There was one "first" accomplishment that was more special than any of the others, however.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The total membership of the churches in 1906 was about 1,029,037, of whom 596,319 were Baptists, 349,079 were Methodist Episcopalians, 24,040 were Presbyterians, 19,273 were Roman Catholics, 12,703 were Disciples of Christ, 9790 were Protestant Episcopalians, and 5581 were Congregationalists.

Government

The present constitution, which was adopted in 1877, 5 provides for a system of government similar in general to that of the other states (see United States). .The executive officials are elected for a term of two years, and the judges of the Supreme Court and of the court of appeals for six years, while those of the superior court and of the ordinaries and the justices of the peace are chosen every four years.^ He worked in Mound Bayou as an insurance agent until 1954, the year a Supreme Court decision ruled school segregation unconstitutional.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ It was at this time that Henson proposed to, and married, Lucy Jane Ross, who he had been courting for two years.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ As an Associate Supreme Court Justice, Thurgood Marshall leaves a legacy that expands that early sensitivity to include all of America's voiceless.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Before 1909 all male citizens of the United States at least twenty-one years of age (except those mentioned below), who had lived in the state for one year immediately preceding an election and in the county six months, and had paid their taxes, were entitled to vote.^ He said "To be the first African-American quarterback into the Hall of Fame, all African-American QBs who played before me should share in this".
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The following year, the Journal of Negro History appeared, one of the oldest learned journals in the United States.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.From the suffrage and the holding of office are excluded idiots and insane persons and all those who have been convicted of treason, embezzlement, malfeasance in office, bribery or larceny, or any crime involving moral turpitude and punishable under the laws of the state by imprisonment in the penitentiary - this last disqualification, however, is removable by a pardon for the offence.^ Similarly, Islam, in all of its forms within the black community has offered an option for those who "thirst for an alternative to the church."
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Before 1909 there was no constitutional discrimination aimed against the exercise of the suffrage by the negro, but in fact the negro vote had in various ways been greatly reduced.^ She also has been lauded for her performances in the made-for-television movies Before Women Had Wings (1997), There Are No Children Here (1993), and The Women of Brewster Place (1989).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Having honed his skills since the case against the University of Maryland, he developed a profound sensitivity to injustice by way of the crucible of racial discrimination in this country.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

By a constitutional amendment adopted by a large majority at a special election in October 1908, new requirements for suffrage, designed primarily to exclude negroes, especially illiterate negroes, were imposed (supplementary to the requirements mentioned above concerning age, residence and the payment of taxes), the amendment coming into effect on the 1st of January 1909: in brief this amendment requires that the voter shall have served in land or naval forces of the United States or of the Confederate States or of the state of Georgia in time of war, or be lawfully descended from some one who did so serve; or that he be a person of good character who proves to the satisfaction of the registrars of elections that he understands the duties and obligations of a citizen; or that he read correctly in English and (unless physically disabled) write any paragraph of the Federal or state constitution; or that he own 4 0 acres of land or property valued at $500 and assessed for The population of the state was 82,548 in 1790, 162,686 in 1800, 2 5 2 ,433 in 1810, 340,989 in 1820, 516,823 in 1830, 691,392 in 1840, 906,185 in 1850, 1,057,286 in 1860, and 1,184,100 in 1870.
4 This negro percentage includes 211 Chinese, Japanese and Indians.
The state has had four other constitutions - those of 1777, 1789, 1798 and 1868.
taxation. .After the 1st of January 1915 no one may qualify as a voter under the first or second of these clauses (the " grandfather " and " understanding " clauses); but those who shall have registered under their requirements before the 1st of January 1915 thus become voters for life.^ Poitier made his film debut in the 1950 feature No Way Out, playing a doctor tormented by the racist (one who is prejudiced against other races) brother of a man whose life he could not save.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Others may tamely submit; not I. You may put the chains upon me and fetter me, but I am not a slave, for my master who puts the chains upon me, shall stand in as much dread of me as I do of him.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The program heralds under-recognized heroes of African American history who have contributed in profound and lasting ways to American life.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The governor, who receives a salary of $5000, must be at least thirty years old, must at the time of his election have been a citizen of the United States for fifteen years and of the state for six years, and " shall not be eligible to re-election after the expiration of a second term, for the period of four years." In case of his " death, removal or disability," the duties of his office devolve in the first instance upon the president of the Senate, and in the second upon the speaker of the House of Representatives. The governor's power of veto extends to separate items in appropriation bills, but in every case his veto may be overriden by a two-thirds vote of the legislature. An amendment to the constitution may be proposed by a twothirds vote of the legislature, and comes into effect on receiving a majority of the popular vote. .Members of the Senate must be at least twenty-five years old, must be citizens of the United States, and must, at the time of their election, have been citizens of the state for four years, and of the senatorial district for one year; representatives must be at least twenty-one years old, and must, at the time of their election, have been citizens of the state for two years.^ He started skating when he was three years old and began playing in a league at age five.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ While at Alcorn, he was a member of the debate team, the college choir, and the football and track teams, and he also held several student offices and was editor of the campus newspaper for two years and the annual for one year.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

By law, in Georgia, lobbying is a felony.
.Habitual intoxication, wilful desertion for three years, cruel treatment, and conviction for an offence the commission of which involved moral turpitude and for which the offender has been sentenced to imprisonment for at least two years, are recognized as causes for divorce.^ Finally, in a third trial in 1994 (and thirty-one years after Evers’ murder), Beckwith was convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

All petitions for divorce must be approved by two successive juries, and a woman holds in her own name all property acquired before and after marriage. .Marriage between the members of the white and negro races is prohibited by law.^ The film was Hollywood's first love story between members of different races that did not end tragically.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.As the result of the general campaign against child labour, an act was passed in 1906 providing that no child under 10 shall be employed or allowed to labour in or about any factory, under any circumstances; after the 1st of January 1907 no child under 12 shall be so employed, unless an orphan with no other means of support, or unless a widowed mother or disabled or aged father is dependent on the child's labour, in which case a certificate to the facts, holding good for one year only, is required; after the 1st of January 1908 no child under 14 shall be employed in a factory between the hours of 7 P.M. and 6 A.M.; after the same date no child under 14 shall be employed in any factory without a certificate of school attendance for 12 weeks (of which 6 weeks must be consecutive) of the preceding year; no child shall be employed without the filing of an affidavit as to age.^ By 1852 she had moved to Charlestown, Massachusetts, where she worked as a nurse for the next eight years (because the first formal school for nursing only opened in 1873, she was able to perform such work without any formal training).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Johnson would then spend the next several years in Memphis, and it was reportedly about this time that he began playing the guitar under his older half-brother's tutelage.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ As a result, on July 17, 1862, Congress passed the Second Confiscation and Militia Act, freeing slaves who had masters in the Confederate Army.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Making a false affidavit as to age or as to other facts required by the act, and the violation of the act by any agent or representative of a factory or by any parent or guardian of a child are misdemeanours.^ He began his formal education at the age of twelve, which required him to leave the home of his adopted parents.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In 1907 a state law was passed prohibiting after the 1st of January 1908 the manufacture or sale of intoxicating liquors; nine-tenths of the counties of the state, under local option laws, were already " dry " at the passage of this bill.^ Using the benefits provided under the G.I. Bill of Rights, he studied law at Howard University in Washington, D.C. He received his degree in 1959 and after passing the bar in Virginia established his own law firm, Wilder, Gregory, and Associates.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The law permits druggists to keep for sale no other form of alcoholic drink than pure alcohol; physicians prescribing alcohol must fill out a blank, specifying the patient's ailment, and certifying that alcohol is necessary; the prescription must be filled the day it is dated, must be served directly to the physician or to the patient, must not call for more than a pint, and may not be refilled.'^ African-American soldiers played a significant role in World War II. More than half a million served in Europe.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He developed a more patient approach than was customary in that day: playing defensively, waiting for a mistake, and then capitalizing on it.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The state supports four benevolent institutions: a lunatic asylum for the whites and a similar institution for the negroes, both at Milledgeville, an institute for the deaf and dumb at Cave Spring, and an academy for the blind at Macon. There are 1 Owing to the custom which holds in Georgia of choosing state senators in rotation from each of the counties making up a senatorial district, it happened in 1907 that few cities were represented directly by senators chosen from municipalities. It is believed that this fact contributed to the passage of the prohibition law.
also a number of private charitable institutions, the oldest being the .Bethesda orphan asylum, near Savannah, founded by George Whitefield in 1739. The Methodist, Baptist, Roman Catholic and Protestant Episcopal Churches, and the Hebrews of the state also support homes for orphans.^ He worked for a time as a medical doctor for the City Railway Company and for the Protestant Orphan Asylum.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ They moved to Nashville and The Wonder Children were signed with the National Baptist Convention to tour churches throughout the southern states.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ She was unable to successfully market her valuable inventions and found no support from United States Veteran's Administration, so she gave the patent rights to the French government in 1952.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

A penitentiary was established in 1817 at Milledgeville. In 1866 the lease system was introduced, by which the convicts were leased for a term of years to private individuals. In 1897 this was supplanted by the contract system, by which a prison commission accepted contracts for convict labour, but the prisoners were cared for by state officials. .But the contract system for convicts and the peonage system (under which immigrants were held in practical slavery while they " worked out " advances made for passage-money, &c.^ With the fans and his own teammates howling, Paige worked his way out of the jam and made a name for himself.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Even though they received good reviews, the crowds were small and they made very little money.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

) were still sources of much injustice. .State laws made liable to prosecution for misdemeanour any contract labourer who, having received advances, failed for any but good cause to fulfil the contract; or any contract labourer who made a second contract without giving notice tohis second employer of a prior and unfulfilled contract; or any employer of a labourer who had not completed the term of a prior contract.^ The unit was made up of black soldiers, who by Federal law were not permitted to serve alongside white troops.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Even though they received good reviews, the crowds were small and they made very little money.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In September 1908, after an investigation which showed that many wardens had been in the pay of convict lessees and that terrible cruelty had been practised in convict camps, an extra session of the legislature practically put an end to the convict lease or contract system; the act then passed provided that after the 31st of March 1909, the date of expiration of leases in force, no convicts may be leased for more than twelve months and none may be leased at all unless there are enough convicts to supply all demands for convict labour on roads made by counties, each county to receive its pro rata share on a population basis, and to satisfy all demands made by municipalities which thus secure labour for $100 per annum (per man) paid into the state treasury, and all demands made by the state prison farm and factory established by this law.^ They were exhausted, but the planning they had put into the expedition paid off.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He said "To be the first African-American quarterback into the Hall of Fame, all African-American QBs who played before me should share in this".
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Education

.Georgia's system of public instruction was not instituted until 1870, but as early as 1817 the legislature provided a fund for the education in the private schools of the state of children of indigent parents.^ She also has developed schools to educate thousands of underserved children internationally and created "The Oprah Winfrey Scholars Program," which gives scholarships to students determined to use their education to give back to their communities in the United States and abroad.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ His parents, wanting him to have the best education, enrolled him at the Queen's College Boys School in Guyana, resulting in him spending the ages between 2 and 17 in either Guyana or London.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ As directed by the NAACP leadership, the parents each attempted to enroll their children in the closest neighborhood school in the fall of 1951.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The constitution of 1868 authorized " a thorough system of general education, to be for ever free to all children of the State," and in 1870 the first public school law was enacted.^ She also has developed schools to educate thousands of underserved children internationally and created "The Oprah Winfrey Scholars Program," which gives scholarships to students determined to use their education to give back to their communities in the United States and abroad.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Assistant attorney general Paul Wilson — later distinguished emeritus professor of law at the University of birmingham (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_birmingham) — conducted the state's ambivalent defense in his first appellate trial.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He had little experience with educational institutions, but was always willing to contribute all of his resources and efforts to make the school a success.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Education, however, has never been made compulsory. .The constitution, as amended in 1905, provides that elections on the question ‘ of local school taxes for counties or for school districts may be called upon a petition signed by one-fourth of the qualified voters of the county, or district, in question; under this provision several counties and a large number of school districts are supplementing the general fund.^ The suit called for the school district to reverse its policy of racial segregation.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He reached out to schools and the general public through the establishment of several key organizations and founded Negro History Week (precursor to Black History Month).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ However, graduates had often gone back to their local communities only to find precious few schools and educational resources to work with in the largely impoverished South.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.But the principal source of the annual school revenue is a state tax; the fund derived from this tax, however, is not large enough.^ However, graduates had often gone back to their local communities only to find precious few schools and educational resources to work with in the largely impoverished South.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Because Burt High School didn't have the funding for a track team, coach Temple invited Wilma to Tennessee State for a summer sports camp.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In 1908 the common school fund approximated $3,786,830, of which amount the state paid $2,163,200 and about $1,010,680 was raised by local taxation.^ Because Burt High School didn't have the funding for a track team, coach Temple invited Wilma to Tennessee State for a summer sports camp.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

In 1908 69% of the school population (79% of whites; 58% of negroes) were enrolled in the schools; in 1902 it was estimated that the negroes, 52.3% of whom (ro years of age and over) were illiterates (i.e. could not write or could neither read nor write) in 1900 (81.6% of them were illiterate in 1880), received the benefit of only about a fifth of the school fund. Of the total population, 10 years of age and over, 30.5% were illiterates in 1 9 00 -49'9% were illiterates in 1880 - and as regards the whites of native birth alone, Georgia ranked ninth in illiteracy, in 1900, among the states and territories of the Union. .Of the illiterates about four-fifths were negroes in 1900. In addition to the public schools, the state also supports the University of Georgia; and in 1906 $235,000 was expended for the support of higher education.^ He reached out to schools and the general public through the establishment of several key organizations and founded Negro History Week (precursor to Black History Month).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The local schools were a source of much community pride and were of priceless value to African-American families during those troubled times in public education.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Additionally, General Davis was awarded an Honorary Degree of LL.D. from Atlanta University, Atlanta, Georgia.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In 1906-1907 eleven agricultural and mechanical arts colleges were established, one in each congressional district of the state.^ It is one of four remaining traditional men's colleges in the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Carver became a member of the faculty of the Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanics (the first black faculty member for Iowa College), teaching classes about soil conservation and chemurgy.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Of the colleges of the university, Franklin was the first state college chartered in America (1785); the Medical College of Georgia, at Augusta, was opened in 1829; the State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts was established at Athens in 1872; the North Georgia Agricultural College, at Dahlonega, was opened in 1873; the Georgia School of Technology, at Atlanta, in 1888; the Georgia Normal and Industrial College (for women), in Milledgeville, in 1899; the Georgia State Normal School, at Athens, in 1895; the Georgia State Industrial College for Coloured Youth, near Savannah, in 1890; the School of Pharmacy, at Athens, in 1903; and the School of Forestry, and the Georgia State College of Agriculture, at Athens, in 1906. Affiliated with the university, but not receiving state funds, are three preparatory schools, the South Georgia Military and Agricultural College at Thomasville, the Middle Georgia Military and Agricultural College at Milledgeville, and the West Georgia Agricultural and Mechanical College at Hamilton.^ With college life behind him, Robeson moved to the Harlem section of New York City to attend law school, first at New York University, later transferring to Columbia University.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ By 1852 she had moved to Charlestown, Massachusetts, where she worked as a nurse for the next eight years (because the first formal school for nursing only opened in 1873, she was able to perform such work without any formal training).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The granddaughter of Francis L. Cardozo, the secretary of state of South Carolina during Reconstruction, she was a graduate of Columbia University and employed as a histological chemist.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Among the institutions generally grouped as denominational are - Baptist: Mercer University, at Macon (Penfield, 1837; Macon, 1871), Shorter College (1877) at Rome, Spelman Seminary (1881) in Atlanta for negro women and girls, and Bessie Tift College, formerly Monroe College (1849) for women, at Forsyth; Methodist Episcopal: Emory College (1836), at Oxford, and Wesleyan Female College (1836) at Macon, both largely endowed by George Ingraham Seney (1837-1893), and the latter one of the earliest colleges for women in the country; Methodist Episcopal Church, South: Young Harris College (r855) at Young Harris, Andrew Female College (1854) at Cuthbert, and Dalton Female College (1872) at Dalton; Presbyterian: Agnes Scott College at Decatur; and African Methodist Episcopal: Morris Brown College (1885) at Atlanta.^ In 1879, the institute moved to the basement of the Friendship Baptist Church in Atlanta and changed its name to Atlanta Baptist Seminary.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1890 Dr. George Sale became the seminary's third president and in 1897 the school was renamed Atlanta Baptist College.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Morehouse entered into a cooperative agreement with Clark College and Spelman College in 1929 and later expanded the association to create the Atlanta University Center (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlanta_University_Center).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.A famous school for negroes is the non-sectarian Atlanta University (incorporated in 1867, opened in 1869), which has trained many negroes for teaching and other professions.^ In addition to training teachers, one of his great concerns was to teach the practical skills needed to succeed at farming or other trades.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Non-sectarian colleges for women are: Lucy Cobb Institute (1858) at Athens, Cox College (1843) at College Park, near Atlanta, and Brenau College Conservatory (1878) at Gainesville.

Finance

.The assessed value of taxable property in 1910 was about $735,000,000. A general property tax, which furnishes about four-fifths of the public revenue, worked so inequitably that a Board of Equalization was appointed in 1901. By the Constitution the tax rate is limited to $5 on the thousand, and, as the rate of taxation has increased faster than the taxable property, the state has been forced to contract several temporary loans since 1901, none of which has exceeded $200,000, the limit for each year set by the Constitution.^ Two years later, the Super Soaker generated over $200 million in retail sales, and became the number one selling toy in America.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ A man who would decline an invitation to work for a salary of more than $100,000 a year (almost a million today) to continue his research on behalf of his countrymen.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1883, he was one of only four African American doctors in the Chicago area, yet he gained so much respect within the medical community that six years later, in 1889, he was appointed to the Illinois Board of Health.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

On the 1st of January 1910 the bonded debt was $6,944,000, mainly incurred by the extravagance of the Reconstruction administration (see History, below). Each year $100,000 of this debt is paid off, and there are annual appropriations for the payment of interest (about $303,260 in 1910). The state owns the Western & Atlantic railway (137 m. long) from .Chattanooga, Tennessee, to Atlanta, which has valuable terminal facilities in both cities, and which in 1910 was estimated to be worth $8,400,240 (more than the amount of the bonded debt); this railway the state built in 1841-1850, and in 1890 leased for 29 years, at an annual rental of $420,012, to the Nashville, Chattanooga & St Louis railway.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Death In the last year of his life, Johnson is believed to have traveled to St. Louis and possibly Illinois, and then to some states in the East.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Perry moved to Hollywood and appeared in more than forty films over the next fifty years.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Banking in Georgia is in a prosperous condition. The largest class of depositors are the farmers, who more and more look to the banks for credit, instead of to the merchants and cotton speculators. Hence the number of banks in agricultural districts is increasing. .The state treasurer is the bank examiner, and to him all banks must make a quarterly statement and submit their books for examination twice a year.^ Because of all the celebrity she received from her track career, she took a year off from her studies to make appearances and compete in international track events.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ However Peary had stated from the beginning that "Henson must go all the way.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The legal rate of interest is 7%, but by contract it may be 8%.

History

Georgia derives its name from King George II. of Great Britain. It was the last to be established of the English colonies in America. Its formation was due to a desire of the British government to protect South Carolina from invasion by the Spaniards from Florida and by the French from Louisiana, as well as to the desire of James Edward Oglethorpe to found a refuge for the persecuted Protestant sects and the unfortunate but worthy indigent classes of Europe. A charter was granted in 1732 to " the Trustees for establishing the colony of Georgia in America," and parliament gave io,000 to the enterprise. The first settlement was made at Savannah in 1733 under the personal supervision of Oglethorpe. The early colonists were German Lutherans (Salzburgers), Piedmontese, Scottish Highlanders, Swiss, Portuguese Jews and Englishmen; but the main tide of immigration, from Virginia and the Carolinas, did not set in until 1752. As a bulwark against the Spanish, the colony was successful, but as an economic experiment it was a failure. The trustees desired that there should be grown in the colony wine grapes, hemp, silk and medical plants (barilla, kali, cubeb, caper, madder, &c.) for which England was dependent upon foreign countries; they required the settlers to plant mulberry trees, and forbade the sale of rum, the chief commercial staple of the colonies. They also forbade the introduction of negro slaves. Land was leased by military tenure, and until 1 739 grants were made only in male tail and alienations were forbidden. The industries planned for the colony did not thrive,. and as sufficient labour could not be obtained, the importation of slaves was permitted under certain conditions in .1749. About the same time the House of Commons directed the trustees to remove the prohibition on the sale of rum.^ The building, which came to be called "Red Cliff House," was completed at about the same time as Henson's twenty-fifth birthday.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The Page Cavanaugh Trio with the same set up as Cole came out of the chute about the same time, at the end of the war.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

In 1753 the charter of the trustees expired and Georgia became a royal province.
Under the new regime the colony was so prosperous that Sir James Wright (1716-1785), the last of the royal governors, declared Georgia to be " the most flourishing colony on the continent." The people were led to revolt against the mother country through sympathy with the other colonies rather than through any grievance of their own. The centre of revolutionary ideas was St John's Parish, settled by New Englanders (chiefly from Dorchester, Massachusetts). The Loyalist sentiment was so strong that only five of the twelve parishes sent representatives to the First Provincial Congress, which met on the 18th of January 1775, and its delegates to the Continental. Congress therefore did not claim seats in that assembly. .But six months later all the parishes sent representatives to another Provincial Congress which met on the 4th of July 1775. Soon afterward the royal government collapsed and the administration.^ Seven months later, on Saturday and Sunday, June 19–20, 1937, he was in Dallas, Texas at another session.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

of the colony was assumed by a council of safety.
.The war that followed was really a severe civil conflict, the Loyalist and Revolutionary parties being almost equal in numbers.^ During Reconstruction (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconstruction), the period following the American Civil War (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War), the South was impoverished.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In 1778 the British seized Savannah, which they held until 1782, meanwhile reviving the British civil administration, and in 1779 they captured Augusta and Sunbury; but after 1780 the Revolutionary forces were generally successful..^ The Redskins had no black players until they succumbed to the threat of civil-rights legal action by the Kennedy administration.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Civil affairs also fell into confusion. In 1777 a state constitution was adopted, but two factions soon appeared in the government, led by the governor and the executive council respectively, and. harmony was not secured until 1781.
.Georgia's policy in the formation of the United States government was strongly national.^ Shortly before his death in 1963, Garrett Morgan was awarded a citation for his traffic signal by the United States Government.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Before his subsequent nomination to the United States Supreme Court in 1967, Thurgood Marshall won 14 of the 19 cases he argued before the Supreme Court on behalf of the government.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In the constitutional convention of 1787 its delegates almost invariably gave their support to measures designed to strengthen the central government.^ She was unable to successfully market her valuable inventions and found no support from United States Veteran's Administration, so she gave the patent rights to the French government in 1952.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Georgia was the fourth state to ratify (January 2, 1788), and one of the three that ratified unanimously, the Federal Constitution. .But a series of conflicts between the Federal government and the state government caused a decline of this national sentiment and the growth of States Rights theories.^ She was unable to successfully market her valuable inventions and found no support from United States Veteran's Administration, so she gave the patent rights to the French government in 1952.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon returning to the United States she also learned that there were serious problems with the tax authorities, causing her to go back to Barbados again.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.First of these was the friction involved in the case, before the Supreme Court of the United States, of Chisolm v.^ Supreme Court review The case of Brown v.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Board of Education as heard before the Supreme Court combined five cases: Brown itself, High School (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Russa_Moton_Museum).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Georgia, by which the plaintiff, one Alexander Chisolm, a citizen of South Carolina, secured judgment in 1793 against the state of Georgia (see 2 Dallas Reports 419).^ Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The granddaughter of Francis L. Cardozo, the secretary of state of South Carolina during Reconstruction, she was a graduate of Columbia University and employed as a histological chemist.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

In protest, the Georgia House of Representatives, holding that the United States Supreme Court had no constitutional power to try suits against a sovereign state, resolved that any Federal marshal who should attempt to execute the court's decision would be " guilty of felony, and shall suffer death, without benefit of clergy, by being hanged." No effort was made to execute the decision, and in 1798 the Eleventh Amendment to the Federal Constitution was adopted, taking from Federal courts all jurisdiction over any suit brought " against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state." .The position of Congress and of the Supreme Court with reference to Georgia's policy in the Yazoo Frauds also aroused distrust of the Federal government.^ Before his subsequent nomination to the United States Supreme Court in 1967, Thurgood Marshall won 14 of the 19 cases he argued before the Supreme Court on behalf of the government.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ This policy had been endorsed in 1896 by the United States Supreme Court (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States) case of Plessy v.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

In 1795 the legislature granted for $50o,000 the territory extending from the Alabama and Coosa rivers to the Mississippi river and between 35° and 31° N. lat. (almost all of the present state of Mississippi and more than half of the present state of Alabama) to four land companies, but in the following year a new legislature rescinded the contracts on the ground that they had been fraudulently and corruptly made, as was probably the case, and the rescindment was embodied in the Constitution of 1798. In the meantime the United States Senate had appointed a committee to inquire into Georgia's claim to the land in question, and as this committee pronounced that claim invalid, Congress in 1800 established a Territorial government over the region. The legislature of Georgia remonstrated but expressed a willingness to cede the land to the United States, and in 1802 the cession was ratified, it being stipulated among other things that the United States should pay to the state $1,250,000, and should extinguish " at their own expense, for the use of Georgia, as soon as the same can be peaceably obtained on reasonable terms," the Indian title to all lands within the state of Georgia. .Eight years later the Supreme Court of the United States decided in the case of Fletcher v.^ Supreme Court review The case of Brown v.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The NAACP's chief counsel, Thurgood Marshall (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thurgood_Marshall) — who was later appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1967 — argued the case before the Supreme Court for the plaintiffs.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Later life (1974–2003) Simone left the United States in September 1970.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Peck (6 Cranch 87) that such a rescindment as that in the new state constitution was illegal, on the ground that a state cannot pass a law impairing the obligation of contracts; and at an expense of more than four millions of dollars the Federal government ultimately extinguished all claims to the lands.^ African-American soldiers played a significant role in World War II. More than half a million served in Europe.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ There are few activities more dangerous than Arctic exploration on land.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

This decision greatly irritated the political leaders of Georgia, and the question of extinguishing the Indian titles, on which there had long been a disagreement, caused further and even more serious friction between the Federal and state authorities. .The National government, until the administration of President Jackson, regarded the Indian tribes as sovereign nations with whom it alone had the power to treat, while Georgia held that the tribes were dependent communities with no other right to the soil than that of tenants at will.^ Lewis Adams and Tuskegee's governing body agreed, and hired Washington, although such positions had always been held by whites up until that time.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ She was unable to successfully market her valuable inventions and found no support from United States Veteran's Administration, so she gave the patent rights to the French government in 1952.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ While in office he dedicated himself to the passage of civil-rights legislation, pressing the interests not only of Blacks but also of other minorities, including the Indians and the Chinese in California.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

In 1785 Georgia made treaties with the Creeks by which those Indians ceded to the state their lands S. and W. of the Altamaha river and E. of the Oconee river, but after a remonstrance of one of their half-breed chiefs Congress decided that the cessions were invalid, and the National government negotiated, in 1790, a new treaty which ceded only the lands E. of the Oconee. .The state appealed to the National government to endeavour to secure further cessions, but none had been made when, in 1802, the United States assumed its obligation to extinguish all Indian titles within the state.^ Shortly before his death in 1963, Garrett Morgan was awarded a citation for his traffic signal by the United States Government.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Before his subsequent nomination to the United States Supreme Court in 1967, Thurgood Marshall won 14 of the 19 cases he argued before the Supreme Court on behalf of the government.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Several cessions were made between 1802 and 1824, but the state in the latter year remonstrated in vigorous terms against the dilatory manner in which the National government was discharging its obligation, and the effect of this was that in 1825 a treaty was negotiated at Indian Springs by which nearly all the Lower Creeks agreed to exchange their remaining lands in Georgia for equal territory beyond the Mississippi.^ To the untrained eye, there is no obvious evidence of the camp, but the close proximity to lower Pine Springs made it a valuable site to the military.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

But President J. Q. Adams, learning that this treaty was not approved by the entire Creek nation, authorized a new one, signed at Washington in 1826, by which the treaty of 1825 was abrogated and the Creeks kept certain lands W. of the Chattahoochee. The Georgia government, under the leadership of Governor George M. Troup (1780-1856), had proceeded to execute the first treaty, and the legislature declared the second treaty illegal and unconstitutional. .In reply to a communication of President Adams early in 1827 that the United States would take strong measures to enforce its policy, Governor Troup declared that he felt it his duty to resist to the utmost any military attack which the government of the United States should think proper to make, and ordered the military companies to prepare to resist " any hostile invasion of the territory of this state."^ Shortly before his death in 1963, Garrett Morgan was awarded a citation for his traffic signal by the United States Government.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Before his subsequent nomination to the United States Supreme Court in 1967, Thurgood Marshall won 14 of the 19 cases he argued before the Supreme Court on behalf of the government.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

But the strain produced by these conditions was relieved by information that new negotiations had been begun for the cession of all 'Creek lands in Georgia. These negotiations were completed late in the year.
.There was similar conflict in the relation of the United States and Georgia with the Cherokees.^ She returned to the United States, but there wasn't much work for women pilots.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon returning to the United States she also learned that there were serious problems with the tax authorities, causing her to go back to Barbados again.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In 1785 the Cherokees of Georgia placed themselves under the protection of the Federal government, and in 1823 their chiefs, who were mostly half-breeds, declared: " It is the fixed and unalterable determination of this nation never again to cede one foot more of land," and that they could not " recognize the sovereignty of any state within the limits of their territory "; in 1827 they framed a constitution and organized a representative government.^ Of course they did, but who's more gulity?
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Most of the veterans of the 761st that Jabar interviewed stated they were proud to have served under a general widely considered one of the most brilliant and feared Allied military leaders of World War II. During the Battle of the Bulge, German soldiers who had raided American warehouses were reported to have disguised themselves as Americans guarding the checkpoints in order to ambush American soldiers.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Among other goals, the Nation of Islam fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.President Monroe and President J. Q. Adams treated the Cherokees with the courtesy due to a sovereign nation, and held that the United States had done all that was required to meet the obligation assumed in 1802. The Georgia legislature, however, contended that the United States had not acted in good faith, declared that all land within the boundaries of the state belonged to Georgia, and in 1828 extended the jurisdiction of Georgia law to the Cherokee lands.^ On December 20, 1993, President Clinton signed the national "Oprah Bill" into law.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ His stay in the United States was a short one due to his treatment by the racist American film industries and because of criticism by blacks regarding his role as a corrupt emperor.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Then President Jackson, holding that Georgia was in the right on the Indian question, informed the Cherokees that their only alternative to submission to Georgia was emigration.^ When Dorothy informed him that she was only interested in the role of Carmen, Preminger told her that she was not right for the part.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ While in office he dedicated himself to the passage of civil-rights legislation, pressing the interests not only of Blacks but also of other minorities, including the Indians and the Chinese in California.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Johnson serves on the Board of Directors of the Georgia Alliance for Children, an organization which serves as an informed and influential voice to protect the rights and interests of Georgia’s less fortunate children.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Thereupon the chiefs resorted to the United States Supreme Court, which in 1832 declared that the Cherokees formed a distinct community " in which the laws of Georgia have no force," and annulled the decision of a Georgia court that had extended its jurisdiction into the Cherokee country (Worcester v.^ Biographers Michael Davis and Hunter Clark note that, "none of his (Marshall's) 98 majority decisions was ever reversed by the Supreme Court."
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ United States Armed Forces, which in time led to the end of racial segregation in the U.S. military forces.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ His father, William Marshall, instilled in him from youth an appreciation for the United States Constitution and the rule of law.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Georgia). But the governor of Georgia declared that the decision was an attempt at usurpation which would meet with determined resistance, and President Jackson refused to enforce the decree.^ The crisis in Little Rock showed America that the president could and would enforce court orders with federal troops.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The President did, however, work for the removal of the Indians, which was effected in 1838.
.On account of these conflicts a majority of Georgians adopted the principles of the Democratic-Republican party, and early in the 19th century the people were virtually unanimous in their political ideas.^ Together, these efforts eventually established and operated over 5,000 schools and supporting resources for the betterment of blacks throughout the South (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_United_States) in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Local partisanship centred in two factions: one, led by George M. Troup, which represented the interests of the aristocratic and slave-holding communities; the other, formed by John Clarke (1766-1832) and his brother Elijah, found support among the non-slave-holders and the frontiersmen.^ The movement he had founded quickly developed several factions, the most important of which was led by Poole, who had become a top lieutenant to Fard and whose name along the way had been changed to Elijah Muhammad.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ It would be one of three times in 1987 that Williams subbed for Schroeder and led the team to victory (the other two were 11/15 vs. Detroit and 12/26 at Minnesota).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ I used to know of one who boasted that he had killed two slaves, and with an oath would say, "I'm the only benefactor in the country."
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The cleavage of these factions was at first purely personal; but by 1832 it had become one of principle. .Then the Troup faction under the name of States Rights party, endorsed the nullification policy of South Carolina, while the Clarke faction, calling itself a Union party, opposed South Carolina's conduct, but on the grounds of expediency rather than of principle.^ The granddaughter of Francis L. Cardozo, the secretary of state of South Carolina during Reconstruction, she was a graduate of Columbia University and employed as a histological chemist.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ This policy had been endorsed in 1896 by the United States Supreme Court (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States) case of Plessy v.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.On account, however, of its opposition to President Jackson's attitude toward nullification, the States Rights party affiliated with thenew Whig party, which represented the national feeling in the South, while the Union party was merged into the Democratic party, which emphasized the sovereignty of the states.^ In 1978, he became the first black president of the National Union of Students.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The activity of Georgia in the slavery controversy was important. As early as 1835 the legislature adopted a resolution which asserted the legality of slavery in the Territories, a principle adopted by Congress in the Kansas Bill in 1854, and in 1847 ex-Governor Wilson Lumpkin (1783-1870) advocated the organization of the Southern states to resist the aggression of the North. .Popular opinion at first opposed the Compromise of 1850, and some politicians demanded immediate secession from the Union; and the legislature had approved the Alabama Platform of 1848. But Congressmen Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stephens, Whigs, and Howell Cobb, a Democrat, upon their return from Washington, contended that the Compromise was a great victory for the South, and in a campaign on this issue secured the election of such delegates to the state convention (at Milledgeville) of 1850 that that body adopted on the 10th of December, by a vote of 237 to 19, a series of conciliatory resolutions, since known as the " Georgia Platform, " which declared in substance: (1) that, although the state did not wholly approve of the Compromise, it would " abide by it as a permanent adjustment of this sectional controversy," to preserve the Union, as the thirteen original colonies had found compromise necessary for its formation; (2) that the state " will and ought to resist, even (as a last resort) to the disruption of every tie that binds her to the Union," any attempt to prohibit slavery in the Territories or a refusal to admit a slave state.^ Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition, he was the first African American to be admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ I am not from any of those States where the slaves are said to be in their most degraded condition; but from Maryland, where Slavery is said to exist in its mildest form; yet I can stand here and relate atrocities which would make your blood to boil at the statement of them.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The adoption of this platform was accompanied by a party reorganization, those who approved it organizing the Constitutional Union party, and those who disapproved, mostly Democrats, organizing the Southern Rights party; the approval in other states of the Georgia Platform in preference to the Alabama Platform (see Alabama) caused a reaction in the South against secession.^ Johnson serves on the Board of Directors of the Georgia Alliance for Children, an organization which serves as an informed and influential voice to protect the rights and interests of Georgia’s less fortunate children.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The reaction was followed for a short interval by a return to approximately the former party alignment, but in 1854 the rank and file of the Whigs joined the American or Know-Nothing party while most of the Whig leaders went over to the Democrats. The Know-Nothing party was nearly destroyed by its crushing defeat in 1856 and in the next year the Democrats by a large majority elected for governor Joseph Emerson Brown (1821-1894), who by three successive re-elections was continued in that office until the close of the Civil War. .Although Governor Brown represented the poorer class of white citizens he had taken a course in law at Yale College, had practised law, and at the time of his election was judge of a superior court; although he had never held slaves he believed that the abolition of slavery would soon result in the ruin of the South, and he was a man of strong convictions.^ Surprisingly,we don't know exactly where he attended school but it is believed it was an eastern college.He spent his spare time studying electronics.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The identity of Carver's father remains unknown, although he believed his father was a slave from a neighboring farm.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Lewis Adams and Tuskegee's governing body agreed, and hired Washington, although such positions had always been held by whites up until that time.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The Kansas question and the attitude of the North toward the decision in the Dred Scott case were arousing the South when he was inaugurated the first time, and in his inaugural address he clearly indicated that he would favour secession in the event of any further encroachment on the part of the North.^ "That was my first time in the south.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Every time I took a part, from the first part, from the first day, I always said to myself, 'This must reflect well on his name.'"
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ And that night, the banquet the townspeople held in her honor, was the first time in Clarksville's history that blacks and whites had ever gathered together for the same event.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In July 1859 Senator Alfred Iverson (1798-1874) declared that in the event of the election of a FreeSoil president in 1860 he would favour the establishment of an independent confederacy; later in the same year Governor Brown expressed himself to a similar effect and urged the improvement of the military service.^ Five years later, fearing she would be sold South, she made her escape.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Four years later, he ran for statewide office again, and, on January 13, 1990, L. Douglas Wilder became Virginia's sixty-sixth governor.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Johnson also had an uncanny ability to establish a rapport with his audience; in every town in which he stopped, Johnson would establish ties to the local community that would serve him well when he passed through again a month or a year later.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.On the 7th of November following the election of President Lincoln the governor, in a special message to the legislature, recommended the calling of a convention to decide the question of secession, and Alexander H. Stephens was about the only prominent political leader who contended that Lincoln's election was insufficient ground for such action.^ His classmates at Lincoln included a distinguished group of future Black leaders such as the poet and author Langston Hughes, the future President of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, and musician Cab Calloway.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

On the 17th of November the legislature passed an act directing the governor to order an election of delegates on the 2nd of January 1861 and their meeting in a convention on the 16th. .On the 19th this body passed an ordinance of secession by a vote of 208 to 89. Already the first regiment of Georgia Volunteers, under Colonel Alexander Lawton (1818-1896) had seized Fort Pulaski at the mouth of the Savannah river and now Governor Brown proceeded to Augusta and seized the Federal arsenal there.^ Volunteers from South Carolina, Tennessee, and Massachusetts filled the first authorized black regiments.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Toward the close of the same year, however, Federal warships blockaded Georgia's ports, and early in 1862 Federal forces captured Tybee Island, Fort Pulaski, St Mary's, Brunswick and St Simon Island.^ In that same period Simone recorded "My Baby Just Cares for Me", which would become her biggest hit years later in 1987, when it featured in a Chanel no.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In the early years of the 20th century it was not uncommon for bicycles, animal-powered wagons, and new gasoline-powered motor vehicles to share the same streets and roadways with pedestrians.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ However, Carter was forced to earn his living as a miner in Fayette County coal fields and was able to devote only a few months each year to his schooling.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Georgia had responded freely to the call for volunteers, but when the Confederate Congress had passed, in April 1862, the Conscript Law which required all white men (except those legally exempted from service) between the ages of 18 and 35 to enter the Confederate service, Governor Brown, in a correspondence with President Davis which was continued for several months, offered serious objections, his leading contentions being that the measure was unnecessary as to Georgia, unconstitutional, subversive of the state's sovereignty, and therefore " at war with the principles for the support of which Georgia entered into this revolution."^ He entered the military service on July 13, 1898, during the War with Spain as a temporary first lieutenant of the 8th United States Volunteer Infantry.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ After several attempts Mr. Brashear was finally allowed into diving school in Bayonne, N.J. Mr. Brashear, who entered the Navy with a seventh grade education, not only had to master the physical requirements of diving but the science behind working in deep water.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1863 the Confederate Congress threatened to punish severely officers of black troops and to enslave black soldiers.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

In 1863 north-west Georgia was involved in the Chattanooga campaign. .In the following spring Georgia was invaded from Tennessee by a Federal army under General William T. Sherman; the resistance of General Joseph E. Johnston and General J. B. Hood proved ineffectual; and on the 1st of September Atlanta was taken.^ Additionally, General Davis was awarded an Honorary Degree of LL.D. from Atlanta University, Atlanta, Georgia.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Then Sherman began his famous " march to the sea," from Atlanta to Savannah, which revealed the weakness of the Confederacy. .In the spring of 1865, General J. H. Wilson with a body of cavalry entered the state from Alabama, seized Columbus and West Point on the 16th of April, and on the 10th of May captured Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy, at Irwinville in Irwin county.^ In the spring Peary and his men left the camp with the goal of crossing Greenland from west to east in an attempt to find the northern-most point of the island.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In accord with President Andrew Johnson's plan for reorganizing the Southern States, a provisional governor, James Johnson, was appointed on the 17th of June 1865, and a state convention reformed the constitution to meet the new conditions, rescinding the ordinance of secession, abolishing slavery and formally repudiating the state debt incurred in the prosecution of the war.^ Two days later, slavery was abolished in the territories of the United States, and on July 22 President Lincoln (http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/blacks-civil-war/images/lincoln-portrait.gif) presented the preliminary draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to his Cabinet.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ They moved to Nashville and The Wonder Children were signed with the National Baptist Convention to tour churches throughout the southern states.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.A governor and legislature were elected in November 1865, the legislature ratified the Thirteenth Amendment on the 9th of December and five days later the governor-elect was inaugurated.^ He was freed in 1865 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1865) at the end of the Civil War (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War) by the Thirteenth Amendment (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitu tion).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.But both the convention and legislature incurred the suspicion and ill-will of Congress; the convention had congratulated the president on his policy, memorialized him on behalf of Jefferson Davis, and provided pensions for disabled Confederate soldiers and the widows of those who had lost their lives during the war, while the legislature passed apprenticeship, labour and vagrancy laws to protect and regulate the negroes, and rejected the Fourteenth Amendment.^ A legendary figure in his own lifetime, he was idolized by those who worked with him, and he inspired a generation of jazz performers and composers.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The tales of her exploits reveal her highly spiritual nature, as well as a grim determination to protect her charges and those who aided them.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1863 the Confederate Congress threatened to punish severely officers of black troops and to enslave black soldiers.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Although the civil rights were conferred upon the freedmen, Congress would not tolerate the political incapacity and social inferiority which the legislature had assigned to them, and therefore Georgia was placed under military government, as part of the third military district, by the Reconstruction Act of the 2nd of March 1867. Under the auspices of the military authorities registration of electors for a new state convention was begun and 95,168 negroes and 96,333 whites were registered.^ On March 1, 1909, Henson pointed his sledge north and, under Peary's orders, stated breaking the trail across the icepack toward the pole.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ I would be able to confront white society on its own terms.” While the Rices supported the goals of the civil rights movement, they did not agree with the idea of putting their child in harm's way.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ From then onwards, the civil rights message was standard in Simone's recording repertoire, where it had already become a part of her live performances.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The acceptance of the proposition to call the convention and the election of many conscientious and intelligent delegates were largely due to the influence of ex-Governor Brown, who was strongly convinced that the wisest course for the South was to accept quickly what Congress had offered. .The convention met in Atlanta on the 9th of December 1867 and by March 1868 had revised the constitution to meet the requirements of the Reconstruction Acts.^ Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The constitution was duly adopted by popular vote, and elections were held for the choice of a governor and legislature. Rufus Brown Bullock (b. 1834), Republican, was chosen governor, the Senate had a majority of Republicans, but in the House of Representatives a tie vote was cast for the election of a speaker. .On the 21st of July the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified, and a section of the state constitution (which denied the power of state courts to entertain against any resident of the state suits founded on contracts existing on the 15th of June 1865) was repealed by the legislature in pursuance of the congressional " Omnibus Bill " of the 25th of June 1868, and as evidence of the restoration of Georgia to the Union the congressmen were seated on the 25th of July in that year.^ His theft of power from a white-controlled company, and new rent-free residence under a white-only building, are symbols of his invisible rebellion against white society.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.But in September of the same year the Democrats in the state legislature, being assisted by some of the white Republicans, expelled the 27 negro members and seated their defeated white contestants, relying upon the legal theory that the right to hold office belonged only to those citizens designated by statute, the common law or custom.^ The following year, the Journal of Negro History appeared, one of the oldest learned journals in the United States.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Death In the last year of his life, Johnson is believed to have traveled to St. Louis and possibly Illinois, and then to some states in the East.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ She was almost always cast as a maid, cook, nanny or servant of some sort, these being the only types of roles available for African-Americans at the time.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.In retaliation the 41st Congress excluded the state's representatives on a technicality, and, on the theory that the government of Georgia was a provisional organization, passed an act requiring the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment before the admission of Georgia's senators and representatives.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ As a result, on July 17, 1862, Congress passed the Second Confiscation and Militia Act, freeing slaves who had masters in the Confederate Army.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The war department now concluded that the state was still subject to military authority, and placed General A. H. Terry in command.^ He entered the military service on July 13, 1898, during the War with Spain as a temporary first lieutenant of the 8th United States Volunteer Infantry.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

With his aid, and that of Congressional requirements that all members of the legislature must take the Test Oath and none be excluded on account of colour, a Republican majority was secured for both houses, and the Fifteenth Amendment was ratified. Georgia was now finally admitted to the Union by Act of Congress, on the 15th of July 1870.
The Reconstruction period in Georgia is remarkable for its comparative moderation. .Although there was great political excitement, there was not as much extravagance in public administration as there was in other Southern States, the state debt increasing approximately from $6,600,000 to $16,000,000. The explanation lies in the fact that there were comparatively few " carpet-baggers " or adventurers in the state, and that a large number of conservative citizens, under the leadership of ex-Governor Brown, supported the Reconstruction policy of Congress and joined the Republican party.^ Another 30,000 served in the Navy, and 200,000 served as workers on labor, engineering, hospital and other military support projects.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ She returned to the United States, but there wasn't much work for women pilots.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ She was unable to successfully market her valuable inventions and found no support from United States Veteran's Administration, so she gave the patent rights to the French government in 1952.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The election of 1871 gave the Democrats a majority in the legislature; Governor Bullock, fearing impeachment, resigned, and at a special election James M. Smith was chosen to fill the unexpired term. After that the control of the Democrats was complete. In 1891 the Populist party was organized, but it never succeeded in securing a majority of the votes in the state.
James Edward Oglethorpe 1
1732-1743
William Stephens 2. .
1743-1751
Henry Parker 2. .
1751-1753
Patrick Graham 2 .
1753-1754
II. Royal Administration.
John Reynolds. .
1754-1757
Henry Ellis.. .
1757-1760
Sir James Wright. .. .
1760-1782
William Ewen 3 .
Archibald Bulloch 4 .
Button Gwinnett 4 .
Jonathan Bryan ' .
IV. Georgia as a State.
1775
1776
1777
1777
John A. Treutlen
1777-1778
John Houston .
John Wereat
1778-1779
1779
George Walton .
1779-1780
Richard Hawley
1780
Stephen Heard
1780-1781
Myrick Davies
1781
Nathan Brownson
1781-1782
John Martin .
1782-1783
Lyman Hall .
1783-1785
Samuel Elbert .
1785-1786
Edward Telfair .
1786-1787
George Matthews
1787-1788
George Handley .
1788-1789
I. Administration of the Trustees. III. Provincial Administration. George Walton. Edward Telfair. George Matthews Jared Irwin. James Jackson. David Emanuel. Josiah Tattnall. John Milledge. Jared Irwin David B. Mitchell Peter Early David B. Mitchell William Rabun Matthew Talbot John Clarke. George M. Troup John Forsyth. George R. Gilmer Wilson Lumpkin William Schley. George Gilmer Charles J. McDonald George W. Crawford. George W. B. Towns Howell Cobb. Herschell V. Johnson Joseph E. Brown .
James Johnson 8. Charles J. Jenkins. Thomas H. Ruger .
Rufus B. Bullock. Benjamin Conley 7 .
James M. Smith. Alfred H. Colquitt. Alexander H. Stephens James S. Boynton 7. Henry D. McDaniel .
John B. Gordon. W. J. Northen .
W. Y. Atkinson. .
A. D. Candler.. Joseph M. Terrell .
Hoke Smith. Joseph M. Brown .
A brief bibliography, chiefly of historical materials, is given by U. B. Phillips in his monograph " Georgia and State Rights," in vol. ii. of the Annual Report of the American Historical Association for 1901 (Washington, 1902). Valuable information concerning the resources and products of the state is given in the publications of 1 De facto. 3 President of the Council of Safet 4 President of Georgia.
.First Governor under a State Co President Executive Council and 7 President of Senate.^ He was the first elected African American governor in United States history.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He won and became the first African American state senator in Virginia since Reconstruction.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

the Department of Agriculture, which include weekly and monthly Bulletins, biennial Reports and a volume entitled Georgia, Historical and Industrial (Atlanta, 1901). .The Reports of the United States Census (especially the Twelfth Census for 1900 and the special census of manufactures for 1905) should be consulted, and Memoirs of Georgia (2 vols., Atlanta, Ga., 1895) contains chapters on industrial conditions.^ His stay in the United States was a short one due to his treatment by the racist American film industries and because of criticism by blacks regarding his role as a corrupt emperor.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Washington was the dominant figure in the African American community in the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States) from 1890 to 1915, especially after he achieved prominence for his Atlanta Address of 1895 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlanta_Compromise).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ At the age of 11 she enrolled in the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, a private school founded by liberal-minded women from the northern United States.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The principal sources for public administration are the annual reports of the state officers, philanthropic institutions, the prison commission and the railroad commission, and the revised Code of Georgia (Atlanta, 1896), adopted in 1895; see also L. F. Schmeckebier's " Taxation in Georgia " (Johns Hopkins University Studies, vol.^ While still serving as a public school principal, Johnson studied law and became the first African American to pass the bar exam in Florida.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Bob Cole, James Weldon Johnson, and John Rosamond Johnson Educator and Songwriter After graduating from Atlanta University, Johnson became the principal of the Jacksonville school where his mother had taught, improving education there by adding ninth and tenth grades.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ College While attending Atlanta University, from which he earned his A.B. in 1894, Johnson taught for two summers in rural Hampton, Georgia.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

xviii.) and " Banking in Georgia " (Banker's Magazine, vol. xlviii.). .Education and social conditions are treated in C. E. Jones's History of Education in Georgia (Washington, 1890), the Annual Reports of the School Commissioner, and various magazine articles, such as- " Georgia Cracker in the Cotton Mill " (Century Magazine, vol.^ He educated the farmers to alternate the soil-depleting cotton crops with soil-enriching crops such as; peanuts, peas, soybeans, sweet potato, and pecans.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

xix.) and "A Plea for Light " (South Atlantic Quarterly, vol. iii.). .The view of slavery given in Frances A. Kemble's Journal of a Residence on a Georgia Plantation in 1838-1839 (New York, 1863) should be compared with R. Q. Mallard's Plantation Life before Emancipation (Richmond, Va., 1897), and with F. L. Olmsted's A Journey in the.^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ After graduating from the school where his mother taught, Johnson spent time with relatives in Nassau and in New York before continuing with his education.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Before coming to this meeting, I had a sort of desire I don't know but it was vanity to stand before a New York audience in the Tabernacle.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Seaboard Slave States
(New York, 1856).^ You, the people of New York, the people of Massachusetts, of New England, of the whole Northern States, have sworn under God that we shall be slaves or die!
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The best book for the entire field of Georgia history is Lawton B. Evans's A Student's History of Georgia (New York, 1898), a textbook for schools.^ After graduating from the school where his mother taught, Johnson spent time with relatives in Nassau and in New York before continuing with his education.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Patricia Bath graduated from the Howard University School of Medicine in 1968 and completed specialty training in ophthalmology and corneal transplant at both New York University and Columbia University.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Subsequent small film roles followed until the summer of 1938 when their manager informed them that he had booked them in the prestigious Cotton Club in New York City.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.This should be supplemented by C. C. Jones's, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, particularly of the Georgia Tribes (New York, 1873), for the aborigines; W. B. Stevens's History of Georgia to 1798 (2 vols., Philadelphia, 1847-1859) and C. C. Jones, jun., History of Georgia (2 vols., Boston, 1883) for the Colonial and Revolutionary periods; C. H. Haskins's The Yazoo Land Companies (Washington, 1891); the excellent monograph (mentioned above) by U. B. Phillips for politics prior to 1860; Miss Annie H. Abel's monograph " The History of Events Resulting in Indian Consolidation West of the Mississippi," in vol.^ He dropped out, spent some time in Boston, Massachusetts working various odd jobs, and then traveled to Harlem, New York where he committed petty crimes.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He returned to New York again in 1923, but this time with a group of friends from Washington D.C. They worked for a while with banjoist Elmer Snowden (http://www.redhotjazz.com/elmer.html) until there was a disagreement over missing money.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Robeson returned to New York briefly in 1933 to star in the film version of Emperor Jones before turning his attention to the study of singing and languages.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

i. of the .Annual Report of the American Historical Association for 1906 (Washington, 1908), for a good account of the removal of the Indians from Georgia; the judicious monograph by E. C. Woolley, Reconstruction in Georgia (New York, 1901); and I. W. Avery's History of Georgia from 185cr to 1881 (New York, 1881), which is marred by prejudice but contains material of value.^ Hughes's creative genius was influenced by his life in New York City's Harlem, a primarily African American neighborhood.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Samuel J. Battle, interviewed in 1960, was the first African American patrolman in New York City.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ On July 6th, 1908, the USS Roosevelt departed from New York for what would be the final attempt on the Pole, success or not.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The Confederate Records of the State of Georgia were published at Atlanta in 1909. See also: E. J. Harden's Life of George M. Troup (Savannah, 1840); R. M. Johnston and W. H. Browne, Life of Alexander H. Stephens (Philadelphia, 1878), and Louis Pendleton, Life of Alexander H. Stephens (Philadelphia, 1907); P. A. Stovall's Robert Toombs (New York, 1892); H. Fielder's Life, Times and Speeches of Joseph E. Brown (Springfield, Mass., 1883) and C. C. Jones, jun., Biographical Sketches of Delegates from Georgia to the Continental Congress (New York, 1891).^ After graduating from the school where his mother taught, Johnson spent time with relatives in Nassau and in New York before continuing with his education.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He dropped out, spent some time in Boston, Massachusetts working various odd jobs, and then traveled to Harlem, New York where he committed petty crimes.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ After some gigs at New York's Royal Roost, Davis was signed by Capitol Records (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitol_Records).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.There is much valuable material, also, in the publications (beginning with 1840) of the Georgia Historical Society (see the list in vol.^ The local schools were a source of much community pride and were of priceless value to African-American families during those troubled times in public education.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

ii. of the Report of the. American Historical Association for 1905).


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also georgia

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:
The country of Georgia.
Map of US highlighting the State of Georgia.

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Disputed, with several explanations offered (see Wikipedia entry):

Proper noun

Singular
Georgia
Plural
-
Georgia
  1. A country in West Asia or East Europe. Official name: Georgia. Capital: Tbilisi.
Derived terms
Translations
See also

Etymology 2

Proper noun

Singular
Georgia
Plural
-
Georgia
.
  1. A state of the United States of America.^ Decades of growing only cotton and tobacco had depleted the soils of the southern area of the United States of America.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    Capital: Atlanta.
Derived terms
Translations
See also

Etymology 3

Latinate feminine form of George, from Ancient Greek Γεώργιος (georgios), farmer).

Proper noun

Georgia
  1. A female given name.
Related terms
Translations

Dutch

Wikipedia-logo.png
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Georgia
Wikipedia nl

Proper noun

Georgia
  1. Georgia (US state)

Finnish

Wikipedia-logo.png
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Georgia
Wikipedia fi

Proper noun

Georgia (stem Georgi-*)
  1. Georgia (republic)
  2. Georgia (state)

Synonyms

Related terms


Italian

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Georgia
Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Georgia f.
  1. Georgia (country)
  2. Georgia (US state)

Related terms


Norwegian

Proper noun

Georgia
  1. Georgia (country)
  2. Georgia (US state)

Related terms


Polish

Proper noun

Georgia f.
  1. Georgia (state of the USA)

Declension

Singular only
Nominative Georgia
Genitive Georgii
Dative Georgii
Accusative Georgię
Instrumental Georgią
Locative Georgii
Vocative Georgio

Spanish

Proper noun

Georgia f.
  1. (country) Georgia
  2. (US state) Georgia

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Look up Georgia, georgia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Georgia may refer to:
In geography:
  • Georgia (Georgian: საქართველო, Sakartvelo), a nation-state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia; formerly:
  • Georgia, a state of the United States of America; formerly:
    • The Province of Georgia, a British colony (1732–1776) and one of the original thirteen colonies that became the United States
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, a territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean
  • Strait of Georgia, also known as the Gulf of Georgia, a 240 km (150 mi)–long strait between Vancouver Island and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada
  • Georgia, a town in the United States
  • New Georgia, an island in the Solomon Islands
In entertainment:
Georgia, a female given name derived from the Greek for "farmer", may refer to:
Georgia may also refer to:
  • USS Georgia, name given to four American warships, two with the United States Navy and two with the Confederate Navy
  • Georgia, a font designed by Matthew Carter in 1993
  • Georgia, a brand of coffee
  • The University of Georgia, a state university in the U.S. state of Georgia

See also

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. .As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.^ King was a Baptist (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressive_National_Baptist_Convention) minister, one of the few leadership roles available to black men at the time.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ There he developed his pitching skills under the guidance of Edward Byrd (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Byrd).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Content is available under Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported .
  • Principles of Ecology CA - CK12 - Flexbooks 11 September 2009 3:34 UTC authors.ck12.org [Source type: Reference]


This article uses material from the "Georgia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Georgia could mean either of two things:


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Atlanta, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message