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Georgia Dome
Georgia Dome.svg
NewGeorgiaDome.JPG
Location 1 Georgia Dome Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30313-1591
Coordinates 33°45′27″N 84°24′3″W / 33.7575°N 84.40083°W / 33.7575; -84.40083Coordinates: 33°45′27″N 84°24′3″W / 33.7575°N 84.40083°W / 33.7575; -84.40083
Opened 1992
Owner State of Georgia
Operator Georgia World Congress Center Authority
Surface FieldTurf
Construction cost $214 million
Architect Heery International; Rosser FABRAP International; and Thompson, Ventulett, Stainback & Associates (TVS)
Capacity Football: 71,228
Basketball: 26,000[1]
Tenants
Atlanta Falcons (NFL) (1992-present)
Atlanta Hawks (NBA) (1997-1999)
Sugar Bowl (NCAA) (2006)
Chick-fil-A Bowl (NCAA) (1992-present)
SEC Championship Game (1994-present)
1996 Summer Olympics (basketball, gymnastics and handball venue)
Final Four (2002, 2007), 2013
FIRST Robotics World Championship (2004-2010)
Georgia State Panthers (NCAA) (Scheduled for 2010)
WrestleMania XXVII (2011)

The Georgia Dome is a domed stadium located in Atlanta, Georgia, between downtown to the east and Vine City to the west. It has been the home stadium for the Atlanta Falcons since 1992, and is owned and operated by the State of Georgia as part of the Georgia World Congress Center. The Georgia Dome was the largest domed structure in the world until 1999, when the Millennium Dome in London was completed.

The Dome is accessible by rail via MARTA's East-West and Proctor Creek lines, which service the nearby Dome/GWCC/Philips Arena/CNN Center and Vine City stations.

Contents

Construction

The Georgia Dome was completed in 1992 at a cost of $214 million (US), which came from the Georgia General Assembly, making it one of the largest state-funded construction projects in state history. It seats 71,228 for football, and can hold approximately: 75,000 for concerts, 53,000 for basketball when the dome is fully open and 40,000 for basketball and gymnastics when the dome is sectioned off (one half closed off by a large curtain). The record for overall attendance at the Georgia Dome is 75,892 for the 2008 SEC Championship Game in football.[2]

The structure is located on 9.19 acres (37,200 m²) of land; the dome has a height of 270.67 feet (82.5 m), a structure length of 744.75 feet (227 m), a structure width of 606.96 feet (185 m), and a total floor area of 102,149.51 ft² (9,490 m²). The dome is the largest cable-supported dome in the world. Its roof is made of teflon-coated fiberglass fabric (which is strong and lightweight) and has an area of 374,584.08 ft² (34,800 m²). From its completion until the December 31, 1999 opening of the 20-acre (81,000 m2) Millennium Dome in London, it was the largest domed structure of any type in the world, but still remains the largest indoor sporting facility in the United States.

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Surface

The Georgia Dome originally had AstroTurf artificial surface for its football events. In 2003, Arthur Blank, the new owner of the Atlanta Falcons, funded the new state-of-the-art FieldTurf artificial surface system.[3] FieldTurf has been favorably compared to real grass.

Renovations

In 2006, the Atlanta Falcons and the Georgia World Congress Center Authority announced a $30 million renovation to the Georgia Dome. The project was separated into two stages. The first stage, which took place before the 2007 NFL season, focused on updating the premium seating areas, including the creation of eight 'super-suites' as well as an owners club.[4] In 2008, the exterior of the stadium was repainted from its original color scheme to match the Falcons' team colors, and the stadium's original teal seats were replaced with red seats in the 100 and 300 levels and black seats in the Verizon Wireless Club Level (200 Level). The entrance gates and concourses were also renovated and updated before the 2008 football season.[5][6]. Additionally, in 2009 the 2 video screens in both endzones have been widened considerably to enhance views of replays.

Major weather-related issues

Three years after completion of the dome, pooling of water became an issue during a Falcons pre-season game when a severe rain storm led to tearing of the roof and a section of the roof falling into the stadium. No one was injured during the incident as the part of the roof that fell happened after the fans had left the stadium. The water and roof material smashed seats in the upper decks and knocked holes in concrete floors. The storm was intense enough that the roof panels could be seen moving during the game. The roof was repaired at that time in such a way to prevent this from occurring in the future.[7][8]

In the 2008 Atlanta tornado outbreak on March 14, 2008, during the 2008 SEC Men's Basketball Tournament, a tornado ripped two holes in the dome during the AlabamaMississippi State quarterfinal game, which delayed the game for 1 hour and 3 minutes. The quarterfinal game to follow between Kentucky Wildcats and Georgia Bulldogs was postponed to the following day.[8] The resulting damage forced the rest of the tournament to be moved to the Alexander Memorial Coliseum at Georgia Tech.[9]

New stadium proposal

On December 25, 2008, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution reported that a land developer, The Sembler Company, is in preliminary talks and negoitations to buy the former General Motors plant in Doraville to build a new stadium for the Falcons. However, there has been a push by Georgia state legislators to keep the Falcons in downtown. Also, the GM Doraville site has recently been sold to a Florida firm that has stated that it will redeveloping it into a new mixed use community. [10][11][12]

Events hosted

The Georgia Dome prior to the 2006 Chick-fil-A Bowl

The Dome is home to the NFL's Atlanta Falcons and the annual host to the Southeastern Conference Football Championship Game, Chick-fil-A Bowl (formerly known as The Chick-fil-a Peach Bowl and The Peach Bowl) post-season college football games, and since 2004 the FIRST World Championships. Since 1998, the Dome also hosts the Atlanta Football Classic by Bank of America and the 100 Black Men of Atlanta. This is an annual HBCU football game between Tennessee State University and Florida A&M University. It was also one of two homes, along with Alexander Memorial Coliseum, for the NBA's Atlanta Hawks during the construction of Philips Arena from 1997 to 1999, as well as hosting basketball[13], team handball and gymnastics during the 1996 Summer Olympics. Since 1994, the Dome has hosted two Super Bowls and has also been host to both the Men's and Women's NCAA Final Four Basketball National Championships and several SEC and ACC basketball championships.

It hosted Super Bowl XXVIII in 1994 and Super Bowl XXXIV in 2000, as well as the prestigious NCAA Final Four Men's Basketball National Championship in 2002 and 2007 along with regional semifinals and finals in 2001, 2004, and 2006 and NCAA Women's Final Four in 2003. The stadium will also host the 2013 NCAA Final Four Men's Basketball National Championship as well as the NCAA South Regional Semifinals and Final in 2012. The Dome has been host to many WCW Monday Nitro and WWE Raw live events, including the now-infamous "Fingerpoke of Doom" in 1999 as well as the memorable championship bout between Goldberg and Hulk Hogan. It was also the host to WWR Showdown XV. Since 2004, the Georgia Dome has annually hosted the FIRST Robotics Championship Event. Also, Drum Corps International held its first event at the Georgia Dome in July 2006 when the Dome hosted DCI Atlanta – The Southeastern Championship. As a result of damage done to the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana by Hurricane Katrina, the Sugar Bowl game was played at the Georgia Dome on January 2, 2006 which was the first time "the South's Biggest Bowl Game" was ever played outside the state of Louisiana. The Sugar Bowl finished a string of three football games in four days that started with the Chick-fil-a Peach Bowl between LSU and Miami (Florida) and an NFL game between the Falcons and the Carolina Panthers two days later. The Dome also hosted the inaugural Chick-Fil-A Kickoff Game in 2008, a college football game played between Clemson and Alabama. The Georgia Dome has also been the site of two NFC Divisional Playoff games, both won by the Falcons, during the 1998 and 2004 seasons. In the future, the stadium said it is highly interested in hosting a 2018 or 2022 FIFA World Cup match(es) if the United States is selected for either one now that the dome has been approved by FIFA to host soccer matches[14].

While playing at the Georgia Dome on March 27, 1998, the Atlanta Hawks broke the NBA single-game attendance record with 62,046 fans.

The Georgia Dome also hosted the Georgia High School Association football semi-finals until 2007. The GHSA hosted the football finals for all classifications at the Dome in 2008.[15] The Georgia Dome has also hosted many sold out concerts from many prominent music artists. These include U2 who played with MUSE, Metallica, Paul McCartney, Kid Rock, Korn, N' Sync, and many others.

The Georgia Dome will also host the inaugural football season for Georgia State University when the school fields its first gridiron team in 2010. The Georgia Dome will also host the 2010 General Conference Sessions of Seventh-day Adventists.

The USHRA Monster Jam series comes to the Georgia Dome every January for their winter season kickoff show. It's known as the "Super Bowl of Motorsports" and it has become one of the biggest stops Monster Jam makes in North America.

The Georgia Dome has hosted the world FIRST Robotics Championship since 2004. Over 300 teams from around the world qualify annually, to compete in the championship held in mid April. The FIRST LEGO League World Festival and First Tech Challenge Championships occur at the same time, at different ends of the Dome.

On June 24, 2009, the dome hosted its first ever soccer match between Mexico and Venezuela. The dome held an attendance of 51,115 fans. Precision Turf of Lilburn laid 4-by-8 foot grass sections over the Dome’s FieldTurf.[16]. Subsequently,on July 22, 2009, the Dome hosted a exhibition match between AC Milan of Italian Serie A league and Club America of Mexican Primera División league as part of the World Football Challenge. The game featured stars such as Ronaldinho and the attendance for the match was 53,600 with Club America defeating AC Milan 2-1.[17]

It was announced on February 1, 2010, that the Georgia Dome will be hosting World Wrestling Entertainment's WrestleMania XXVII on April 3, 2011. The first WrestleMania held in the state of Georgia.[18]

The interior of the Georgia Dome prior to the 2008 Chick-fil-A College Kickoff

See also

References

External links

Preceded by
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium
Home of the
Atlanta Falcons

1992 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Omni Coliseum
Home of the
Atlanta Hawks

1997–1999
Succeeded by
Philips Arena
Preceded by
Legion Field
Home of the
SEC Championship Game

1994 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium
Home of the
Chick-fil-A Bowl

1992 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Pavelló Olímpic de Badalona
Badalona
Olympic Basketball tournament
Final Venue

1996
Succeeded by
Sydney SuperDome
Sydney
Preceded by
Louisiana Superdome
Home of the
Sugar Bowl

2006
Succeeded by
Louisiana Superdome
Preceded by

H.H.H. Metrodome
RCA Dome
Louisiana Superdome
NCAA Men's Division I
Basketball Tournament
Finals Venue

2002
2007
2013
Succeeded by

Louisiana Superdome
Alamodome
Cowboys Stadium
Preceded by
Rose Bowl
Pro Player Stadium
Host of the Super Bowl
XXVIII 1994
XXXIV 2000
Succeeded by
Joe Robbie Stadium
Raymond James Stadium
Preceded by
University of Phoenix Stadium
Host of WrestleMania XXVII
2011
Succeeded by
current

Simple English

The Georgia Dome is a domed stadium. It is in Atlanta. It costs $214 million to build. It was the largest domed building in the world until 1999. It opened in 1992. It was funded by the state. It originally had AstroTurf but later FieldTurf was used. It takes up 9.19 acres of land. It can host football and basketball.


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