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საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა
(Georgian)
Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика
(Russian)
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

Flag of Georgia (1918-1921).svg
19211991 Flag of Georgia (1990-2004).svg
Flag of Georgian SSR.svg Coat of arms of Georgian SSR.png
Flag Coat of arms
SovietUnionGeorgia.png
Capital Tbilisi
Official language Georgian, Russian, Abkhaz (in the Abkhazian ASSR) and Ossetic (in the South Ossetian AO)
Established
In the Soviet Union:
 - Since
 - Until
February 25, 1921

December 30, 1922
December 26, 1991
Area
 - Total
 - Water (%)
Ranked 10th in the USSR
69,700 km²
negligible
Population
 - Total 
 - Density
Ranked 9th in the USSR
4,337,600 (1989)
62.2/km²
Time zone UTC + 3
Anthem Anthem of Georgian SSR
Medals Leninorder.jpg Order of Lenin

The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (Georgian: საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა sakartvelos sabch'ota socialist'uri resp'ublik'a; Russian: Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as the Georgian SSR for short, was one of the republics that made up the former Soviet Union.

History

Main article: History of the Georgian SSR

On November 28, 1917, after the October Revolution in Russia, there was established Transcaucasian commissariat heading by Mensheviks in Tbilisi.

Order of the Red Banner of Georgian SSR, 1923.

The Socialist Soviet Republic of Georgia was established on February 25, 1921. On March 2 of the following year the first constitution of Soviet Georgia was accepted.

From March 12, 1922 to December 5, 1936 it was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR together with the Armenian SSR and the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1936, the TSFSR was dissolved. During this period the province was led by Lavrentiy Beria, first secretary of the Georgian Central Committee of the Georgian Communist Party[1]

Under Khrushchev, the government was decentralized and the Georgian Communist Party rose in power. Alongside it, a black market economy and corruption grew. Eduard Shevardnadze worked for years to fight this corruption from the mid 1960s until 1985, when he was appointed Soviet Foreign Minister.

On October 28, 1990, democratic parliamentary elections were held, and on November 15 the nation was renamed the "Republic of Georgia." It declared independence on April 9, 1991, under Zviad Gamsakhurdia. However, this was unrecognized by the Soviet government and Georgia was in the USSR until its collapse in December 1991.

References

  1. ^ .Geronti Kikodze (1954) Notes of a Contemporary, first published in 1989, Mnatobi, Issue 1, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Main article: History of the Georgian SSR

On November 28, 1917, after the October Revolution in Russia, there was established Transcaucasian commissariat heading by Mensheviks in Tbilisi.

Order of the Red Banner of Georgian SSR, 1923.

The Socialist Soviet Republic of Georgia was established on February 25, 1921. On March 2 of the following year the first constitution of Soviet Georgia was accepted.

From March 12, 1922 to December 5, 1936 it was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR together with the Armenian SSR and the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1936, the TSFSR was dissolved. During this period the province was led by Lavrentiy Beria, first secretary of the Georgian Central Committee of the Georgian Communist Party[1]

Under Khrushchev, the government was decentralized and the Georgian Communist Party rose in power. Alongside it, a black market economy and corruption grew. Eduard Shevardnadze worked for years to fight this corruption from the mid 1960s until 1985, when he was appointed Soviet Foreign Minister.

On October 28, 1990, democratic parliamentary elections were held, and on November 15 the nation was renamed the "Republic of Georgia." It declared independence on April 9, 1991, under Zviad Gamsakhurdia. However, this was unrecognized by the Soviet government and Georgia was in the USSR until its collapse in December 1991. [edit] References

External links

Sameba 16.jpg

This article is part of the series on:

History of Georgia

Prehistoric Georgia
Colchis
Egrisi-Lazica
Caucasian Iberia
Medieval History
Tao-Klarjeti
Kingdom of Abkhazeti-Egrisi
Russian Rule
Georgia Under Imperial Russia
Early Independence
Democratic Republic of Georgia
Soviet Georgia
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
1956 Georgian demonstrations
April 9 tragedy
Modern Georgia
Republic of Georgia
Georgian Civil War
Rose Revolution
Post-Shevardnadze
History By Autonomous Republics
History of Abkhazia
History of Adjara
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