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Gerald Ford
A man in a suit sits, arms folded, in front of a United States Flag and the Presidential seal.

In office
August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
Vice President None (August–December 1974)
Nelson Rockefeller
(1974–1977)
Preceded by Richard M. Nixon
Succeeded by Jimmy Carter

In office
December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974
President Richard Nixon
Preceded by Spiro Agnew
Succeeded by Nelson Rockefeller

In office
January 3, 1965 – December 6, 1973
Deputy Leslie C. Arends
(Whip)
Preceded by Charles A. Halleck
Succeeded by John Jacob Rhodes

In office
January 3, 1949 – December 6, 1973
Preceded by Bartel J. Jonkman
Succeeded by Richard F. Vander Veen

Born July 14, 1913(1913-07-14)
Omaha, Nebraska
Died December 26, 2006 (aged 93)
Rancho Mirage, California[1]
Resting place Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum
Grand Rapids, Michigan
Birth name Leslie Lynch King, Jr.
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Elizabeth "Betty" Bloomer Ford
Children Michael Gerald Ford
John Gardner Ford
Steven Meigs Ford
Susan Elizabeth Ford
Alma mater University of Michigan (B.A.)
Yale Law School (J.D.)
Occupation Lawyer
Religion Episcopalianism
Signature Gerald R. Ford
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Rank Lieutenant Commander
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
American Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal
.Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King, Jr.; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was the 38th President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977, and the 40th Vice President of the United States serving from 1973 to 1974. As the first person appointed to the vice-presidency under the terms of the 25th Amendment, when he became President upon Richard Nixon's resignation on August 9, 1974, he also became the only President of the United States who was elected neither President nor Vice-President.^ Thank you for providing the United States and the world with Gerald Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ GERALD R. FORD July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006 .
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ December 28th, 2006 at 7:14 pm .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.Before ascending to the vice-presidency, Ford served nearly 25 years as Representative from Michigan's 5th congressional district, eight of them as the Republican Minority Leader.^ Before ascending to the vice-presidency, Ford served nearly 25 years as Representative from Michigan’s 5th congressional district, eight of them as the Republican Minority Leader.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford ascended to the presidency.
  • Gerald Ford's Legacy: Cheney and Rumsfeld 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]
  • Gerald Ford's Legacy: Cheney and Rumsfeld 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]

^ House Minority Leader In 1965, Republican members of the House elected Ford as its Minority Leader.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As President, Ford signed the Helsinki Accords, marking a move toward détente in the Cold War.^ As President, Ford signed the Helsinki Accords, marking a move toward détente in the 1 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cold War.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In an era of détente with the Soviet Union and improving relations with China, Ford's words seemed to represent an anachronistic, cold-war view of national security reminiscent of the 1950s.
  • Real History Blog: The Real History of Gerald Ford, Watergate, and the CIA 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC realhistoryarchives.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was cold, and President Ford was a bit late, but I staked out a place on the rope line leading from the speaker’s platform and waited patiently.
  • GayPatriot » In Memoriam Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.gaypatriot.net [Source type: General]

.With the conquest of South Vietnam by North Vietnam nine months into his presidency, US involvement in Vietnam essentially ended.^ All I’ve heard for the last 26 years has been how Reagan healed the nation after a decade that gave us the Vietnam War, Watergate, and the resignation of a president.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Just at the end, he went into Cheney being ‘traumatized by the post-Watergate revokation of the Imperial Presidency.
  • Firedoglake » R.I.P. Gerald R. Ford: 1913-2006 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the North Vietnamese invaded and conquered the South in 1975, Ford ordered the final withdrawal of U.S. civilians from Vietnam in ' Operation Frequent Wind ', and the subsequent fall of Saigon .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Domestically, Ford presided over what was then the worst economy since the Great Depression, with growing inflation and a recession during his tenure.^ President Ford personified that greatness.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Ford was a good President, not a great President but a good President.
  • GayPatriot » In Memoriam Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.gaypatriot.net [Source type: General]

^ Ford also struggled with rampant inflation and the highest unemployment rate since the Great Depression .

[2] .One of his more controversial acts was to grant a presidential pardon to President Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal.^ So President Ford made a courageous decision, and pardoned Richard Nixon.
  • WorldTribune.com: Gerald Ford at 93 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.worldtribune.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of his more controversial decisions was granting a presidential pardon to President Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Proclamation 4311 - Granting Pardon to Richard Nixon .

.During Ford’s incumbency, foreign policy was characterized in procedural terms by the increased role Congress began to play, and by the corresponding curb on the powers of the President.^ During Ford’s incumbency, foreign policy was characterized in procedural terms by the increased role Congress began to play, and by the corresponding curb on the powers of the President.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Domestically, Ford presided over the worst economy since the Great Depression, with growing inflation and a recession during his tenure.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of my neatest memories from my four years at the University of Michigan was shaking President Ford's hand (at Angell Hall) during a campaign appearance in 1976.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

[3] .In 1976, Ford narrowly defeated Ronald Reagan for the Republican nomination, but ultimately lost the presidential election to Democrat Jimmy Carter.^ In 1976, Ford narrowly defeated Ronald Reagan for the Republican nomination, but ultimately lost the presidential election to Democrat Jimmy Carter.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford (at right) and Jimmy Carter debate .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1976 , Ford narrowly defeated Ronald Reagan for the Republican nomination, but ultimately lost the presidential election to Democrat Jimmy Carter .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Following his years as president, Ford remained active in the Republican Party.^ Following his years as president, Ford remained active in the Republican Party.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He also was a member of the Republican Unity Coalition, which The New York Times described as "a group of prominent Republicans, including former President Gerald R. Ford, dedicated to making sexual orientation a non-issue in the Republican Party".
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In October 2001, Ford broke with conservative members of the Republican party by stating that gay and lesbian couples "ought The official White House portrait of Gerald Ford Ford remained relatively active in the years after his presidency and continued to make appearances at events of historical and ceremonial significance to the nation, such as presidential inaugurals and memorial services.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After experiencing health problems and being admitted to the hospital four times in 2006, Ford died in his home on December 26, 2006. He lived longer than any other U.S. president, dying at the age of 93 years and 165 days.^ President Gerald Ford died last night, at the age of 93.
  • Firedoglake » R.I.P. Gerald R. Ford: 1913-2006 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: Original source]

^ December 28th, 2006 at 11:26 am .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ PM on December 26, 2006 Jerrrrrryyyy!!!
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Early life

Childhood

.Ford was born as Leslie Lynch King, Jr., on July 14, 1913, at 3202 Woolworth Avenue in Omaha, Nebraska, where his parents lived with his paternal grandparents.^ July 14 1913 .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leslie Lynch King, Jr. Gerald R. Ford) at age three, 1916 Ford was born Leslie Lynch King, Jr. July 14 , 1913 at 12:43 a.m.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Born in Omaha, Douglas County , Neb., July 14, 1913 .
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

His father was Leslie Lynch King, Sr., a wool trader and son of prominent banker Charles Henry King and Martha King. .His mother was the former Dorothy Ayer Gardner.^ His mother was the former Dorothy Ayer Gardner.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From there she moved to the home of her parents, Levi Addison Gardner and his wife, the former Adele Augusta Ayer, in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dorothy separated from King Sr.^ Dorothy Ayer (Gardner) King Ford (1892-1967); step-son of Gerald Rudolph Ford, Sr.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

just sixteen days after her son's birth. .She took her son with her to the Oak Park, Illinois home of her sister Tannisse and her husband, Clarence Haskins James.^ His mother took him to the Oak Park , Illinois home of her sister Tannisse and her husband, Clarence Haskins James.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She took her son with her to the Oak Park, Illinois home of her sister Tannisse and her husband, Clarence Haskins James.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From there she moved to the home of her parents, Levi Addison Gardner and his wife, the former Adele Augusta Ayer, in Grand Rapids, Michigan.^ Baby in tow, Dorothy moved back to her parents’ house in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Gerald R. Ford (American Presidents Series), American Presidents Series, Douglas Brinkley, Book - Barnes & Noble 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC search.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: General]

^ From there she moved to the home of her parents, Levi Addison Gardner and his wife, the former Adele Augusta Ayer, in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His mother was the former Dorothy Ayer Gardner.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dorothy and Leslie King divorced in December 1913; she gained full custody of their son.^ Leslie King was born in Omaha, Nebraska, on 14th July, 1913.

^ Dorothy Ayer (Gardner) King Ford (1892-1967); step-son of Gerald Rudolph Ford, Sr.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Son of Leslie Lynch King, Sr.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ford's paternal grandfather Charles Henry King paid child support until shortly before his death in 1930.[4]
A young boy sits in a wicker chair, wearing a white outfit and smiling for a portrait.
Leslie Lynch King, Jr. (later known as Gerald R. Ford) at one year of age in 1914
.Gerald Ford later said his biological father had a history of hitting his mother.^ Gerald Ford later said his biological father was abusive and had a history of hitting his mother.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That same year his biological father, whom he described as a "carefree, well-to-do man", approached Ford while he was waiting tables in a Grand Rapids restaurant.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The elder Fords told their son he had a different biological father when he was twelve or thirteen.
  • Gerald R. Ford (American Presidents Series), American Presidents Series, Douglas Brinkley, Book - Barnes & Noble 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC search.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: General]

[5] .James M. Cannon, a member of the Ford administration, wrote in a Ford biography that the Kings' separation and divorce were sparked when, a few days after Ford's birth, Leslie King threatened Dorothy with a butcher knife and threatened to kill her, Ford, and Ford's nursemaid.^ Gerald Ford Leslie Lynch King, Jr. Gerald R. Ford) at one year of age in 1914 M. Cannon, a member of the Ford administration, wrote in a Ford biography that the Kings’ separation and divorce were sparked when, a few days after Ford’s birth, Leslie King threatened Dorothy with a butcher’s knife and threatened to kill her, the baby, and the baby’s nursemaid.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dorothy separated from King Sr.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ James 2 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ford also had three half-siblings from his father’s second marriage: Marjorie King (1921–1993), Leslie Henry King (1923–1976), and Patricia Jane King (born 1925).
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ford later told confidantes that his father had first hit his mother on their honeymoon for smiling at another man.^ Ford later told confidantes that his father had hit his mother first on their honeymoon, for smiling at another man.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gerald Ford later said his biological father had a history of hitting his mother.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gerald Ford later said his biological father was abusive and had a history of hitting his mother.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.After two and a half years with her parents, on February 1, 1916 Dorothy King married Gerald Rudolff Ford, a salesman in a family owned paint and varnish company.^ On February 1 , 1916 , now settled in Grand Rapids, Dorothy King married Gerald Rudolff Ford , a salesman in a family-owned paint and varnish company who later became president of the firm.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My condolences to Mrs. Betty Ford and family on the passing of President Gerald R. Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Like her new husband, Betty Ford had spent a few years under the bright lights of New York City, doing some modeling as well as a two-year stint dancing with the renowned Martha Graham Dance Company.
  • Gerald R. Ford (American Presidents Series), American Presidents Series, Douglas Brinkley, Book - Barnes & Noble 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC search.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: General]

.They then called her son Gerald Rudolff Ford, Jr.^ She began calling her son Gerald Rudolff Ford, Jr .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dorothy Ayer (Gardner) King Ford (1892-1967); step-son of Gerald Rudolph Ford, Sr.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leslie Lynch King, Jr. Gerald R. Ford) at age three, 1916 Ford was born Leslie Lynch King, Jr. July 14 , 1913 at 12:43 a.m.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The future president was never formally adopted, however, and he did not legally change his name until December 3, 1935; he also used a more conventional spelling of his middle name.^ They then called her son Gerald Rudolff Ford, Jr. The future president was never formally adopted, however, and he did not legally change his name until December 3, 1935; he also used a more conventional spelling of his middle name.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The future president was never formally adopted , however, and he did not legally change his name until December 3 , 1935 ; he also used a more conventional spelling of his middle name.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The couple did informally rename the child Gerald Rudolf Ford Jr. (His name would be legally changed on December 3, 1935, with the son choosing to spell his middle name “Rudolph” to give it a less Germanic cast.
  • Gerald R. Ford (American Presidents Series), American Presidents Series, Douglas Brinkley, Book - Barnes & Noble 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC search.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: General]

[7] .He was raised in Grand Rapids with his three half-brothers by his mother's second marriage: Thomas Gardner Ford (1918–1995), Richard Addison Ford (born 1924), and James Francis Ford (1927–2001).^ He was raised in Grand Rapids with his three half-brothers by his mother's second marriage: Thomas Gardner Ford (1918–1995), Richard Addison Ford (born 1924), and James Francis Ford (1927–2001).
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Grand Rapids, along with his brothers Thomas Gardner Ford, Richard Addison Ford and James Francis Ford.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As I watched coverage of President Ford's body arriving in Grand Rapids, I was shocked to suddenly hear "The Yellow and Blue" being played, followed by "The Victors".
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Ford also had three half-siblings from his father's second marriage: Marjorie King (1921–1993), Leslie Henry King (1923–1976), and Patricia Jane King (born 1925).^ James 2 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ford also had three half-siblings from his father’s second marriage: Marjorie King (1921–1993), Leslie Henry King (1923–1976), and Patricia Jane King (born 1925).
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early life Childhood Ford was born as Leslie Lynch King, Jr. July 14, 1913, at 3202 Woolworth Avenue in Omaha, Nebraska, where his parents lived with his paternal grandparents.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leslie King was born in Omaha, Nebraska, on 14th July, 1913.

.They never saw each other as children and he did not know them at all.^ Little did they know that that was precisely what endeared him—we could all relate!
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The EU can be against GE food all they want, but should not be imposing there will on others.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ All the other sites I visit have gone back to work, except for TP. They must be in the School Teachers’ Union…….
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.Ford was not aware of his biological father until he was 17, when his parents told him about the circumstances of his birth.^ Ford was not aware of his biological father until he was 17, when his parents told him about the circumstances of his birth.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford was not aware of his biological parentage until he was 17, when his parents told him about the circumstances of his birth.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the Twentieth Anniversary of the Assassination of President Kennedy, my father was producing a two-hour film about the life of JFK and asked my younger brother and I to fly to Rancho Mirage with him to interview President Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.That year his father Leslie King, whom Ford described as a "carefree, well-to-do man," approached Ford while he was waiting tables in a Grand Rapids restaurant.^ That same year his biological father, whom he described as a "carefree, well-to-do man", approached Ford while he was waiting tables in a Grand Rapids restaurant.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That same year his father Leslie King, whom Ford described as a "carefree, well-to-do man," approached Ford while he was waiting tables in a Grand Rapids restaurant.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ James 2 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ford also had three half-siblings from his father’s second marriage: Marjorie King (1921–1993), Leslie Henry King (1923–1976), and Patricia Jane King (born 1925).
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The two "maintained a sporadic contact" until Leslie King, Sr.'s death.^ He also had three half-siblings by his father's second marriage: Marjorie King (1921–1993), Leslie Henry King, Sr.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Son of Leslie Lynch King, Sr.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But when Leslie L. King Sr.
  • Gerald R. Ford (American Presidents Series), American Presidents Series, Douglas Brinkley, Book - Barnes & Noble 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC search.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: General]

[5][8]
.Ford maintained his distance emotionally, saying, "My stepfather was a magnificent person and my mother equally wonderful.^ Ford maintained his distance emotionally, saying, "My stepfather was a magnificent person and my mother equally wonderful.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meeting him in person was one of the biggest honors of my life and I do not believe America will ever again see a President as honest, humble or genuine as Gerald R. Ford was…But I pray that we do.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ My father, Leon Harrington, had some association with Ford as a local attorney and a Republican, but it was my mother who described him in a nutshell by saying he was one rare example of a "good and honest" politician (she was a Democrat).
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.So I couldn't have written a better prescription for a superb family upbringing."^ So I couldn’t have written a better prescription for a superb family upbringing."
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]

Scouting and athletics

Two men in suits and another man in a boy scout uniform stand beside 10 seated teenaged boys in Boy Scout uniforms. <a name=.Ford is indicated by a red circle."^ Eagle Scout Gerald Ford (circled in red) in 1929.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/01/1/2/1/92116651143220072.jpg" width="220" height="180" class="thumbimage" />
Eagle Scout Gerald Ford (circled in red) in 1929. Michigan Governor Fred Green at far left, holding hat.
.Ford was involved in The Boy Scouts of America, and attained that program's highest rank, Eagle Scout.^ Ford joined the Boy Scouts of America , and attained that program's highest rank, Eagle Scout .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remembering them has helped me many times to face a tough situation, take action, and make every effort possible despite adverse odds.” His teammates later voted Ford their most valuable player, with one assistant coach noting, “They felt Jerry was one guy who would stay and fight in a losing cause.”[16] Scouting and athletics Ford was involved in The Boy Scouts of America, and attained that program’s highest rank, Eagle Scout.
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^ Eagle Scout Gerald Ford (circled in red) in 1929.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .In subsequent years, Ford received the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award in May 1970 and Silver Buffalo Award from the Boy Scouts of America.^ In subsequent years, Ford received the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award in May 1970 and Silver Buffalo Award from the Boy Scouts of America.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He received the 1985 Old Tom Morris Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, GCSAA’s highest honor.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I had the opportunity to listen to President Ford speak at Grand Valley State University on my very first Boy Scout trip.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.He is the only US president who was an Eagle Scout.^ He is the only US president who was an Eagle Scout.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My sincere condolences to the family for their loss—a loss shared not only by those of us at the University of Michigan, but by a nation of people who respected President Gerald Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

[10] .Scouting was so important to Ford that his family asked that Scouts participate in his funeral.^ Scouting was so important to Ford that his family asked that Scouts participate in his funeral.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Lions, Scout has role in Ford funeral".
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford asked whether his successor might consider speaking at his funeral and offered, lightheartedly, to do the same for Mr. Carter, depending on who died first".
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.About 400 Eagle Scouts were part of the funeral procession, where they formed an honor guard as the casket went by in front of the museum.^ About 400 Eagle Scouts were part of the funeral procession, where they formed an honor guard as the casket went by in front of the museum, and served as ushers.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A few selected scouts served as ushers inside the National Cathedral.^ About 400 Eagle Scouts were part of the funeral procession, where they formed an honor guard as the casket went by in front of the museum, and served as ushers.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.Ford attended Grand Rapids South High School and was a star athlete and captain of his football team.^ Ford attended Grand Rapids South High School and was a star athlete and captain of his football team.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford as a University of Michigan football player, 1933 Ford attended Grand Rapids South High School and was a star athlete and captain of his football team.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford hoped to attend Yale's law school beginning in 1935 while serving as boxing coach and assistant varsity football coach, but Yale officials initially denied his admission to the law school, because of his full-time coaching responsibilities.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1930, he was selected to the All-City team of the Grand Rapids City League.^ In 1930, he was selected to the All-City team of the Grand Rapids City League.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford attended Grand Rapids South High School and was a star athlete and captain of his football team.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He also attracted the attention of college recruiters.^ He also attracted the attention of college recruiters.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]
.Attending the University of Michigan as an undergraduate, Ford played center and linebacker for the school’s football team[12] and helped the Wolverines to undefeated seasons and national titles in 1932 and 1933. The team suffered a steep decline in his 1934 senior year, however, winning only one game.^ The team suffered a steep decline in his 1934 senior year, however, winning only one game.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Attending the University of Michigan as an undergraduate, Ford played center and linebacker for the school’s football team[15] and helped the Wolverines to undefeated seasons and national titles in 1932 and 1933.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I was a senior at Michigan that year.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Ford was the team’s star nonetheless, and after a game during which Michigan held heavily favored Minnesota (the eventual national champion) to a scoreless tie in the first half, assistant coach Bennie Oosterbaan later said, “When I walked into the dressing room at half time, I had tears in my eyes I was so proud of them.^ Ford was the team’s star nonetheless, and after a game during which Michigan held heavily favored Minnesota (the eventual national champion) to a scoreless tie in the first half, assistant coach Bennie Oosterbaan later Eagle Scout Gerald Ford (circled in red) in 1929.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford was the team’s star nonetheless, and after a game during which Michigan held heavily favored Minnesota (the eventual national champion) to a scoreless tie in the first half, assistant coach Bennie Oosterbaan later said, “When I walked into the dressing room at half time, I had tears in my eyes I was so proud of them.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gerald Ford said, “When I walked into the dressing room at half time, I had tears in my eyes I was so proud of them.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ford and [Cedric] Sweet played their hearts out.^ Ford and [Cedric] Sweet played their hearts out.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We will likely never know how this played out behind the scenes, with Nixon resigning followed by Ford’s pardon.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

They were everywhere on defense.” Ford himself later recalled, “During 25 years in the rough-and-tumble world of politics, I often thought of the experiences before, during, and after that game in 1934. Remembering them has helped me many times to face a tough situation, take action, and make every effort possible despite adverse odds.” His teammates later voted Ford their most valuable player, with one assistant coach noting, “They felt Jerry was one guy who would stay and fight in a losing cause.”[13]
.During the same season, in a game against the University of Chicago, Ford “became the only future U.S. president to tackle a future Heisman Trophy winner when he brought down running back Jay Berwanger, who would win the first Heisman the following year.”[14] In 1934 Gerald Ford was selected for the Eastern Team on the Shriner’s East West Crippled Children game at San Francisco (a benefit for crippled children), played on January 1, 1935. As part of the 1935 Collegiate All-Star football team, Ford played against the Chicago Bears in an exhibition game at Soldier Field.^ The team suffered a steep decline in his 1934 senior year, however, winning only one game.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I wish I would have been around when he became president.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As part of the 1935 Collegiate All-Star football team, Ford played against the Chicago Bears in an exhibition game at Soldier Field .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[15] The University of Michigan retired Ford's #48 jersey in 1994.
.Ford retained his interest in football and his alma mater throughout life, occasionally attending games.^ Ford retained his interest in football and his alma mater throughout life, occasionally attending games and on one occasion asking to be awakened to find out the score of a Michigan-Ohio State football game, while 3 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia attending a summit in the Soviet Union as President.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Congressman Ford initially began donating his congressional papers to the Bentley Historical Library at the University of Michigan, his alma mater (B.A. 1935), in 1963.
  • Hotels Near Gerald R. Ford Library, Hotel close to Gerald R. Ford Library Michigan - Ann Arbor 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.hotelplanner.com [Source type: General]

^ Ford retained his interest in football and his alma mater, asking on one occasion to be awakened to find out the score of an Ohio State-Michigan football game while attending a summit in the Soviet Union.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ford also visited with players and coaches during practices, at one point asking to join the players in the huddle.^ During his first campaign in 1948, Ford visited farmers and promised he would work on their farms and milk the cows if elected—a promise he fulfilled.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During his first campaign in 1948 , Ford visited farmers and promised he would work on their farms and milk the cows if elected—a promise he fulfilled.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note also the positions that Rumsfeld held during the Ford Administration; Ford’s view of Rumsfeld was entirely different from the one we have now, nearly thirty years later.
  • Firedoglake » R.I.P. Gerald R. Ford: 1913-2006 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: Original source]

[16] .Ford often had the Naval band play the University of Michigan fight song, The Victors, prior to state events instead of Hail to the Chief.^ Ford often had the Naval band play the University of Michigan fight song, The Victors, prior to state events instead of Hail to the Chief.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In retirement Ford also devoted much time to his love of golf, often playing both privately and in public events with comedian Bob Hope, a longtime friend.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In retirement Ford also devoted much time to his love of golf , often playing both privately and in public events with comedian Bob Hope , a longtime friend.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17] .He also selected the song to be played during his funeral procession at the U.S. Capitol.^ He also selected the song to be played during his funeral procession at the U.S. Capitol.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] .On his death in December 2006, the University of Michigan Marching Band played the fight song for him one final time, for his last ride from the Gerald R. Ford Airport in Grand Rapids, Michigan.^ "Gerald Ford, 38th York Times.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In memoriam: Gerald Ford [27 december 2006 .
  • Real History Blog: The Real History of Gerald Ford, Watergate, and the CIA 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC realhistoryarchives.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PM on December 27, 2006 All this over Gerald Ford?
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[19]
A uniformed but helmetless American Football player is shown on a football field. <a name=.He is in a ready position, with legs in a wide stance and both hands on a football in front of him."^ Thirty seconds later in walked the President and I was standing right in front of him and he said "Hello there, is everything ready?"
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/08/4/5/7/6589481080016672.jpg" width="220" height="173" class="thumbimage" />
Ford as a University of Michigan football player, 1933
.Ford was also an avid golfer.^ Ford was also an avid golfer.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1977, he shot a hole in one during a Pro-am held in conjunction with the Danny Thomas Memphis Classic at Colonial Country Club in Memphis, Tennessee.^ In 1977, he shot a hole in one during a Pro-am held in conjunction with the Danny Thomas Memphis Classic at Colonial Country Club in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note also the positions that Rumsfeld held during the Ford Administration; Ford’s view of Rumsfeld was entirely different from the one we have now, nearly thirty years later.
  • Firedoglake » R.I.P. Gerald R. Ford: 1913-2006 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was a true gentleman and scholar, and one of the finest men ever to serve his country in the offices he held.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.He received the 1985 Old Tom Morris Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, GCSAA's highest honor.^ He received the 1985 Old Tom Morris Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, GCSAA’s highest honor.
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[20]

Education

.At University of Michigan, Ford became a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Omicron chapter) and washed dishes at his fraternity house to earn money for college expenses.^ At Michigan, Ford became a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and washed dishes at his fraternity house to earn money for college expenses.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Education Ford as a University of Michigan football player, 1933 At University of Michigan, Ford became a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Omicron chapter) and washed dishes at his fraternity house to earn money for college expenses.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of my neatest memories from my four years at the University of Michigan was shaking President Ford's hand (at Angell Hall) during a campaign appearance in 1976.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Following his graduation in 1935 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics, he turned down contract offers from the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers of the National Football League to take a coaching position at Yale and apply to its law school.^ Following his graduation in 1935 with a degree in political science and economics , he turned down contract offers from the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers of the National Football League in order to take a coaching position at Yale and apply to its law school.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following his graduation in 1935 with a degree in political science and economics, he turned down contract offers from the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers of the National Football League in order to take a coaching position at Yale and apply to its law school.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The petition was circulated nationally and was the inspiration for the America First Committee, a group determined to keep the U.S. out of World War II.[26] Ford graduated from law school in 1941, and was admitted to the Michigan bar shortly there after.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] Ford continued to contribute to football and boxing, accepting an assistant coaching job for both at Yale in September 1935.[22]
.Ford hoped to attend Yale's law school beginning in 1935 while serving as boxing coach, assistant varsity football coach, and teacher of JV cheerleading, at which he was very good because he knew how to do several tucks and back handsprings.^ Gerald Ford Ford hoped to attend Yale’s law school beginning in 1935 while serving as boxing coach and assistant varsity football coach; and also teaching JV cheerleading, which he was very good at, as he knew how to do several tucks and back handsprings but Yale officials initially denied his admission to the law school, because of his full-time coaching responsibilities.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford continued to contribute to football and boxing, accepting an assistant coaching job for both at Yale in September 1935.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While attending Yale Law School, he joined a group of students led by R. Douglas Stuart, Jr., and signed a petition to enforce the 1939 Neutrality Act.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Yale officials initially denied his admission to the law school, because of his full-time coaching responsibilities.^ Ford hoped to attend Yale's law school beginning in 1935 while serving as boxing coach and assistant varsity football coach, but Yale officials initially denied his admission to the law school, because of his full-time coaching responsibilities.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He spent the summer of 1937 as a student at the University of Michigan Law School [15] and was eventually admitted in the spring of 1938 to Yale Law School.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While attending Yale Law School , he joined a group of students led by R. Douglas Stuart, Jr., and signed a petition to enforce the 1939 Neutrality Act .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He spent the summer of 1937 as a student at the University of Michigan Law School[23] and was eventually admitted in the spring of 1938 to Yale Law School.^ He spent the summer of 1937 as a student at the University of Michigan Law School [15] and was eventually admitted in the spring of 1938 to Yale Law School.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He spent the summer of 1937 as a student at the University of Michigan Law School[24] and was eventually admitted in the spring of 1938 to Yale Law School.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The petition was circulated nationally and was the inspiration for the America First Committee, a group determined to keep the U.S. out of World War II.[26] Ford graduated from law school in 1941, and was admitted to the Michigan bar shortly there after.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24] .Ford earned his LL.B. degree in 1941 (later amended to Juris Doctor), graduating in the top 25 percent of his class.^ Ford earned his LL.B. degree in 1941 (later amended to Juris Doctor ), graduating in the top 25 percent of his class.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford earned his LL.B. degree in 1941 (later amended to Juris Doctor), graduating in the top 25 percent of his class.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I earned my letter in football while graduating with an engineering degree from the University of Michigan.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.His introduction to politics came in the summer of 1940 when he worked in Wendell Willkie's presidential campaign.^ His introduction to politics came in the summer of 1940 when he worked in Wendell Willkie’s presidential campaign.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His introduction to politics came in the summer of 1940 when he worked in Wendell Willkie's presidential campaign.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the 1980 presidential campaign, Teeter worked with George H.W. Bush in his attempt to secure the Republican presidential nomination.

.While attending Yale Law School, he joined a group of students led by R. Douglas Stuart, Jr., and signed a petition to enforce the 1939 Neutrality Act.^ While attending Yale Law School, he joined a group of students led by R. Douglas Stuart, Jr., and signed a petition to enforce the 1939 Neutrality Act.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While attending Yale Law School , he joined a group of students led by R. Douglas Stuart, Jr., and signed a petition to enforce the 1939 Neutrality Act .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The petition was circulated nationally and was the inspiration for the America First Committee, a group determined to keep the U.S. out of World War II.[26] Ford graduated from law school in 1941, and was admitted to the Michigan bar shortly there after.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The petition was circulated nationally and was the inspiration for the America First Committee, a group determined to keep the U.S. out of World War II.^ The petition was circulated nationally and was the inspiration for the America First Committee, a group determined to keep the U.S. out of World War II.[26] Ford graduated from law school in 1941, and was admitted to the Michigan bar shortly there after.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Naval service in World War II .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The petition was circulated nationally and was the inspiration for the America First Committee , a group determined to keep the U.S. out of World War II .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25]
.Ford graduated from law school in 1941, and was admitted to the Michigan bar shortly thereafter.^ Ford graduated from law school in 1941, and was admitted to the Michigan bar shortly thereafter.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford earned his LL.B. degree in 1941 (later amended to Juris Doctor ), graduating in the top 25 percent of his class.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I immediately recalled my days as a Graduate Student at the University of Michigan, School of Public Health from 1975-1977.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In May 1941, he opened a Grand Rapids law practice with a friend, Philip Buchen,[22] who would later serve as Ford's White House counsel.^ In May 1941, he opened a Grand Rapids law practice with a friend, Philip Buchen, [12] who would later serve as Ford's White House counsel.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In May 1941, he opened a Grand Rapids law practice with a friend, Philip Buchen,[23] who would later serve as Ford’s White House counsel.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ White House Counsel Fred Buzhardt had insisted that these records belong to Nixon and proposed shipping them forthwith to San Clemente; that prompted Ford to fire Buzhardt.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.But overseas developments caused a change in plans, and Ford responded to the attack on Pearl Harbor by enlisting in the Navy.^ But overseas developments caused a change in plans, and Ford responded to the attack on Pearl Harbor by enlisting in the Navy.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]

Naval service in World War II

The head and shoulders of a man in a World War Two-era uniform of the United States Navy.
Ford in Navy uniform, 1945
.Ford received a commission as ensign in the U.S. Naval Reserve on April 13, 1942. On April 20, he reported for active duty to the V-5 instructor school at Annapolis, Maryland.^ On April 20, he reported for active duty to the V-5 instructor school at Annapolis, Maryland.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford received a commission as ensign in the U.S. Naval Reserve on April 13 , 1942 .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On April 20 , he reported for active duty to the V-5 instructor school at Annapolis , Maryland .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After one month of training, he went to Navy Preflight School in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, where he was one of 83 instructors and taught elementary seamanship, ordnance, gunnery, first aid and military drill.^ After one month of training, he went to Navy Preflight School in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, where he was one of 83 instructors and taught elementary seamanship, ordnance, gunnery, first aid and military drill.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After one month of training, he went to Navy Preflight School in Chapel Hill , North Carolina , where he was one of 83 instructors and taught elementary seamanship, ordnance, gunnery, first aid and military drill.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the one year he was at the Preflight School, he was promoted to Lieutenant Junior Grade on June 2 , 1942 , and to Lieutenant in March 1943.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, he coached in all nine sports that were offered, but mostly in swimming, boxing and football.^ In addition, he coached in all nine sports that were offered, but mostly in swimming, boxing and football.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We have all had someone that was outstanding in College football coaching…Bo was just one of them…He then hit his next shot and it was right down the middle of the fairway.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Ford continued to contribute to football and boxing, accepting an assistant coaching job for both at Yale in September 1935.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

During the one year he was at the Preflight School, he was promoted to Lieutenant Junior Grade on June 2, 1942, and to Lieutenant in March 1943.
.Applying for sea duty, Ford was sent in May 1943 to the pre-commissioning detachment for the new aircraft carrier USS Monterey, at New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey.^ Ford in Navy uniform, 1945 detachment for the new aircraft carrier USS Monterey, at New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Applying for sea duty, Ford was sent in May 1943 to the pre-commissioning 4 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Gerald Ford three destroyers and over 800 men during the typhoon.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford in Navy uniform, 1945 Applying for sea duty, Ford was sent in May 1943 to the pre-commissioning detachment for the new aircraft carrier USS Monterey , at New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden , New Jersey .
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.From the ship's commissioning on June 17, 1943 until the end of December 1944, Ford served as the assistant navigator, Athletic Officer, and antiaircraft battery officer on board the Monterey.^ From the ship’s commissioning on June 17, 1943 until the end of December 1944, Ford served as the assistant navigator, Athletic Officer, and antiaircraft battery officer on board the Monterey.
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^ The Third Fleet lost Men aboard the USS Monterey playing basketball in the forward elevator well June, 1944; the jumper on the left is Ford.
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^ Studies in June 1976 served to assess opinion after the tough Ford-Reagan primary battles and to clarify strategies for the fall campaign.

.While he was on board, the carrier participated in many actions in the Pacific Theater with the Third and Fifth Fleets during the fall of 1943 and in 1944. In 1943, the carrier helped secure Makin Island in the Gilberts, and participated in carrier strikes against Kavieng, New Ireland in 1943. During the spring of 1944, the Monterey supported landings at Kwajalein and Eniwetok and participated in carrier strikes in the Marianas, Western Carolines, and northern New Guinea, as well as in the Battle of the Philippine Sea.^ During the spring of 1944, the Monterey supported landings at Kwajalein and Eniwetok and participated in carrier strikes in the Marianas , Western Carolines , and northern New Guinea , as well as in the Battle of the Philippine Sea .
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^ After overhaul, from September to November 1944, aircraft from the Monterey launched strikes against Wake Island, participated in strikes in the Philippines and Ryukyus, and supported the landings at Leyte and Mindoro.
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^ In 1943, the carrier helped secure Makin Island in the Gilberts, and participated in carrier strikes against Kavieng, New Ireland in 1943.
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[27] .After overhaul, from September to November 1944, aircraft from the Monterey launched strikes against Wake Island, participated in strikes in the Philippines and Ryukyus, and supported the landings at Leyte and Mindoro.^ After overhaul, from September to November 1944, aircraft from the Monterey launched strikes against Wake Island , participated in strikes in the Philippines and Ryukyus , and supported the landings at Leyte and Mindoro .
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^ During the spring of 1944, the Monterey supported landings at Kwajalein and Eniwetok and participated in carrier strikes in the Marianas , Western Carolines , and northern New Guinea , as well as in the Battle of the Philippine Sea .
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^ He also received the Philippine Liberation Medal with two bronze stars for Leyte and Mindoro, as well as the American Campaign and World War II Victory medals.
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[27]
Although the ship was not damaged by Japanese forces, the Monterey was one of several ships damaged by the typhoon that hit Admiral William Halsey's Third Fleet on December 18–19, 1944. .The Third Fleet lost three destroyers and over 800 men during the typhoon.^ The Third Fleet lost three destroyers and over 800 men during the typhoon.
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^ The Third Fleet lost Men aboard the USS Monterey playing basketball in the forward elevator well June, 1944; the jumper on the left is Ford.
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^ While he was on board, the carrier participated in many actions in the Pacific Theater with the Third and Fifth Fleets during the fall of 1943 and in 1944.
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.The Monterey was damaged by a fire, which was started by several of the ship's aircraft tearing loose from their cables and colliding on the hangar deck.^ The Monterey was damaged by a fire, which was started by several of the ship's aircraft tearing loose from their cables and colliding on the hanger deck.
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^ The Monterey was damaged by a fire, which was started by several of the ship’s aircraft tearing loose from their cables and colliding on the hanger deck.
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^ Although the ship was not damaged by Japanese forces, the Monterey was one of several ships damaged by the typhoon that hit Admiral William Halsey 's Third Fleet on December 18–19, 1944 .
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.During the storm, Ford narrowly avoided becoming a casualty himself.^ During the storm, Ford narrowly avoided becoming a casualty himself.
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.As he was going to his battle station on the bridge of the ship in the early morning of December 18, the ship rolled twenty-five degrees, which caused Ford to lose his footing and slide toward the edge of the deck.^ As he was going to his battle station on the bridge of the ship in the early morning of December 18, the ship rolled twenty-five degrees, which caused Ford to lose his footing and slide toward the edge of the deck.
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^ The two-inch steel ridge around the edge of the carrier slowed him enough so he could roll, and he twisted into the catwalk below the deck.
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^ Ford was a member of the House of Representatives for twenty-five years, holding the Grand Rapids congressional district seat from 1949 to 1973.
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.The two-inch steel ridge around the edge of the carrier slowed him enough so he could roll, and he twisted into the catwalk below the deck.^ The two-inch steel ridge around the edge of the carrier slowed him enough so he could roll, and he twisted into the catwalk below the deck.
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.As he later stated, "I was lucky; I could have easily gone overboard."^ As he later stated, "I was lucky; I could have easily gone overboard."
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.Because of the extent of the fires, Admiral Halsey ordered Captain Ingersoll to abandon ship.^ Because of the extent of the fires, Admiral Halsey ordered Captain Ingersoll to abandon ship.
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^ Instead Captain Ingersoll ordered Ford to lead a fire brigade below.
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.Instead Captain Ingersoll ordered Ford to lead a fire brigade below.^ Instead Captain Ingersoll ordered Ford to lead a fire brigade below.
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^ Because of the extent of the fires, Admiral Halsey ordered Captain Ingersoll to abandon ship.
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.After five hours he and his team had put out the fire.^ After five hours he and his team had put out the fire.
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Twenty-eight Sailors in the uniform of the United States Navy pose on the deck of a World War Two-era Aircraft Carrier.
The Gunnery officers of the USS Monterey. Ford is second from the right, in the front row.
.After the fire the Monterey was declared unfit for service, and the crippled carrier reached Ulithi on December 21 before continuing across the Pacific to Bremerton, Washington where it underwent repairs.^ The jumper on the left is Gerald Ford [21] [22] After the fire the Monterey was declared unfit for service, and the crippled carrier reached Ulithi on December 21 before proceeding across the Pacific to Bremerton , Washington where it underwent repairs.
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^ After the fire the Monterey was declared unfit for service, and the crippled carrier reached Ulithi on December 21 before proceeding across the Pacific to Bremerton, Washington where it underwent repairs.
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.On December 24, 1944 at Ulithi, Ford was detached from the ship and sent to the Athletic Department of the Navy Pre-Flight School at Saint Mary's College of California, where he was assigned to the Athletic Department until April 1945. One of his duties was to coach football.^ On December 24, 1944 at Ulithi, Ford was detached from the ship and sent to the Athletic Department of the Navy Pre-Flight School at Saint Mary’s College of California, where he was assigned to the Athletic Department until April 1945.
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^ One of his duties was to coach 5 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia football.
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^ Ford in Navy uniform, 1945 detachment for the new aircraft carrier USS Monterey, at New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey.
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.From the end of April 1945 to January 1946, he was on the staff of the Naval Reserve Training Command, Naval Air Station, Glenview, Illinois as the Staff Physical and Military Training Officer.^ Remarks on Arrival at Jacksonville Naval Air Station, Florida.

^ From the end of April 1945 to January 1946, he was on the staff of the Naval Reserve Training Command, Naval Air Station, Glenview, Illinois as the Staff Physical and Military Training Officer.
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^ On June 28, 1946, the Secretary of the Navy accepted Ford’s resignation from the Naval Reserve.
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.On October 3, 1945 he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander.^ On October 3, 1945 he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander.
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.In January 1946, he was sent to the Separation Center, Great Lakes to be processed out.^ In January 1946, he was sent to the Separation Center, Great Lakes to be processed out.
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.He was released from active duty under honorable conditions on February 23, 1946. On June 28, 1946, the Secretary of the Navy accepted Ford's resignation from the Naval Reserve.^ He was released from active duty under honorable conditions on February 23, 1946.
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^ On June 28, 1946, the Secretary of the Navy accepted Ford’s resignation from the Naval Reserve.
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^ Naval service in World War II Ford received a commission as ensign in the U.S. Naval Reserve on April 13, 1942.
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.For his naval service, Gerald Ford earned the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with nine engagement stars for operations in the Gilbert Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, Marshall Islands, Asiatic and Pacific carrier raids, Hollandia, Marianas, Western Carolines, Western New Guinea, and the Leyte Operation.^ For his naval service, Gerald Ford earned the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with nine engagement stars for operations in the Gilbert Islands , Bismarck Archipelago , Marshall Islands , Asiatic and Pacific carrier raids, Hollandia , Marianas, Western Carolines, Western New Guinea, and the Leyte Operation.
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^ For his naval service, Gerald Ford earned the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with nine engagement stars for operations in the Gilbert Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, Marshall Islands, Asiatic and Pacific carrier raids, Hollandia, Marianas, Western Carolines, Western New Guinea, and the Leyte Operation.
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^ The jumper on the left is Gerald Ford [21] [22] After the fire the Monterey was declared unfit for service, and the crippled carrier reached Ulithi on December 21 before proceeding across the Pacific to Bremerton , Washington where it underwent repairs.
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.He also received the Philippine Liberation Medal with two bronze stars for Leyte and Mindoro, as well as the American Campaign and World War II Victory Medals.^ He also received the Philippine Liberation Medal with two bronze stars for Leyte and Mindoro, as well as the American Campaign and World War II Victory medals.
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^ Naval service in World War II .
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^ American military personnel of World War II .
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[26]
.Ford was a member of several civic organizations, including the American Legion, AMVETS, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Sons of the Revolution[28], and Veterans of Foreign Wars.^ Ford was a member of several civic organizations, including the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, and AMVETS.Gerald R. Ford was initiated into Freemasonry on September 30, 1949.
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^ Gerald Ford was also a member of several other civic organizations.
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^ Executive Order 11931--Extending diplomatic privileges and immunities to Permanent Observers to the Organization of American States and to members of their diplomatic staffs .

.Gerald R. Ford was initiated into Freemasonry on September 30, 1949.[29] He later said in 1975, "When I took my obligation as a master mason—incidentally, with my three younger brothers—I recalled the value my own father attached to that order.^ Gerald Ford later said his biological father had a history of hitting his mother.
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^ He later said in 1975, "When I took my obligation as a master mason — incidentally, with my three younger brothers — I recalled the value my own father attached to that order.
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^ Johnson said of Ford at the time, "That Gerald Ford.
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.But I had no idea that I would ever be added to the company of the Father of our Country and 12 other members of the order who also served as Presidents of the United States."^ It was just me and the former President of the United States.
  • Former President Gerald Ford Remembered (Wizbang) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

^ But I had no idea that I would ever be added to the company of the Father of our Country and 12 other members of the order who also served as Presidents of the United States."
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^ Home of the 38th President of the United States.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

[30]

Marriage and children

A man in a suit leads a flower-carrying woman by the hand, walking out of a chapel.
The Fords on their wedding day, October 15, 1948
.On October 15, 1948, at Grace Episcopal Church in Grand Rapids, Ford married Elizabeth Bloomer Warren, a department store fashion consultant.^ The Fords had four children: • Michael Gerald, born in 1950 • John Gardner, known as Jack, born in 1952 • Steven Meigs, born in 1956 • Susan Elizabeth, born in 1957 Marriage and children On October 15, 1948, at Grace Episcopal Church in Grand Rapids, Ford married Elizabeth Bloomer Warren, a department store fashion consultant.
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^ October 15, 1948 , to Elizabeth Ann 'Betty' (Bloomer) Warren; half-brother of Thomas G. Ford, Sr.
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^ As I watched coverage of President Ford's body arriving in Grand Rapids, I was shocked to suddenly hear "The Yellow and Blue" being played, followed by "The Victors".
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Warren had been a John Robert Powers fashion model and a dancer in the auxiliary troupe of the Martha Graham Dance Company.^ Warren had been a John Robert Powers fashion model and a dancer in the auxiliary troupe of the Martha Graham Dance Company.
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.She had previously been married to and divorced from William G. Warren.^ She had previously been married to and divorced from William G. Warren.
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.At the time of his engagement, Ford was campaigning for what would be his first of thirteen terms as a member of the United States House of Representatives.^ Member of Alabama state house of representatives , 1892-96.
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^ Member of Nebraska state house of representatives , 1891.
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^ Member of Nebraska state house of representatives , 1903.
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The wedding was delayed until shortly before the elections because, as The New York Times reported in a 1974 profile of Betty Ford, "Jerry was running for Congress and wasn't sure how voters might feel about his marrying a divorced ex-dancer."[31]
The Fords had four children:

House of Representatives

A billboard shows a portrait of a man in a suit, with the text "To work for You in congress" at the top, followed by "Gerald R. Ford Jr.", followed by "Republican Primary September 14", with "United States Representative" across the bottom of the sign.
A billboard for Ford's 1948 Congressional Campaign.
.After returning to Grand Rapids, Ford became active in local Republican politics, and supporters urged him to take on Bartel J. Jonkman, the incumbent Republican congressman.^ Grand Rapids supporters urged him to take on Bartel J. Jonkman , the incumbent Republican congressman.
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^ The wedding was delayed until shortly before the elections because, as The New York Times House of Representatives Ford meets with President Richard Nixon as House Minority Leader 6 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia After returning to Grand Rapids, Ford became active in local Republican politics, and supporters urged him to take on Bartel J. Jonkman, the incumbent Republican congressman.
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^ Ford meets with President Richard Nixon as House Minority Leader Following his return from the war, Ford became active in local Republican politics.
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.Military service had changed his view of the world; "I came back a converted internationalist", Ford wrote, "and of course our congressman at that time was an avowed, dedicated isolationist.^ Ford had changed his view of the world as a result of his military service; "I came back a converted internationalist", Ford stated, "and of course our congressman at that time was an avowed, dedicated isolationist .
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^ Military service had changed his view of the world; "I came back a converted internationalist", Ford wrote, "and of course our congressman at that time was an avowed, dedicated isolationist.
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^ But most of all you helped this country through hard times and helped bring back our troops from Vietnam as well as to get things back in order.
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.And I thought he ought to be replaced.^ And I thought he ought to be replaced.
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.Nobody thought I could win.^ Nobody thought I could win.
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.I ended up winning two to one."^ I ended up winning two to one."
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^ Hyatt Summerfield Suites Dallas-Uptown is an up-scale, all suite hotel that features one bedroom and two bedroom, two-bath suites.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ Hyatt Summerfield Suites Richardson is an up-scale, all suite hotel that features one bedroom and two bedroom, two-bath suites.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

[9] .During his first campaign in 1948, Ford visited voters at their doorsteps and as they left the factories where they worked.^ During his first campaign in 1948, Ford visited farmers and promised he would work on their farms and milk the cows if elected—a promise he fulfilled.
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^ During his first campaign in 1948 , Ford visited farmers and promised he would work on their farms and milk the cows if elected—a promise he fulfilled.
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^ Ford was also the first unelected vice president, chosen by the man he would replace after Spiro Agnew left office in disgrace over tax evasion and money laundering.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

[32] .Ford also visited local farms where, in one instance, a wager resulted in Ford spending two weeks milking cows following his election victory.^ During his first campaign in 1948, Ford visited farmers and promised he would work on their farms and milk the cows if elected—a promise he fulfilled.
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^ During his first campaign in 1948 , Ford visited farmers and promised he would work on their farms and milk the cows if elected—a promise he fulfilled.
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^ Ford meets with President Richard Nixon as House Minority Leader Following his return from the war, Ford became active in local Republican politics.
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[33] Ford was known to his colleagues in the House as a "Congressman's Congressman".[34]
.Ford was a member of the House of Representatives for twenty-five years, holding the Grand Rapids congressional district seat from 1949 to 1973. It was a tenure largely notable for its modesty.^ Member from Michigan's 5th congressional district 1949 – 1973 .
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^ It was a tenure largely notable for its modesty.
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^ Member of Minnesota territorial House of Representatives 1st District, 1851.
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As an editorial in The New York Times described him, Ford "saw himself as a negotiator and a reconciler, and the record shows it: he did not write a single piece of major legislation in his entire career."[35] Appointed to the House Appropriations Committee two years after being elected, he was a prominent member of the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee. Ford described his philosophy as "a moderate in domestic affairs, an internationalist in foreign affairs, and a conservative in fiscal policy."[36]
.In the early 1950s, Ford declined offers to run for both the Senate and the Michigan governorship.^ In the early 1950s, Ford declined offers to run for both the Senate and the Michigan governorship.
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^ I met Mr. Ford thru my uncle when he would come visit us in Connecticut from his home in Michigan back in the early-mid 1960's.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ My brothers and I were at a rally in the Livonia Mall, Livonia, Michigan, when President Ford was running for the office of president back in '75.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Rather, his ambition was to become Speaker of the House.^ Rather, his ambition was to become Speaker of the House.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37]

Warren Commission

Four men in suits are outdoors, speaking to each other in front of a large white automobile.
Congressman Gerald Ford, MSFC director Wernher von Braun, Congressman George H. Mahon, and NASA Administrator James E. Webb visit the Marshall Space Flight Center for a briefing on the Saturn program, 1964
.In November 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Ford to the Warren Commission, a special task force set up to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.^ The press, used to sanitizing LBJ’s salty language, reported this as "Gerald Warren Commission Further information: John F. Kennedy assassination In November 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Ford to the Warren Commission, a special task force set up to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Congressman Gerald Ford, MSFC director Wernher von Braun , Congressman George H. Mahon , and NASA Administrator James E. Webb visit the Marshall Space Flight Center for a briefing on the Saturn program, 1964 In November 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Ford to the Warren Commission , a special task force set up to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While Ford will join the ranks of other dignified and classy presidents, like James Buchanan, John Tyler, and Franklin Pierce.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.Ford was assigned to prepare a biography of Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin.^ Ford was assigned to prepare a biography of Lee Harvey Oswald , the accused assassin.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Portrait of the assassin (Lee Harvey Oswald).
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Portrait of the assassin (Lee Harvey Oswald) .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38] .The Commission's work continues to be debated in the public arena.^ The Commission's work continues to be debated in the public arena.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Commission’s work continues to be debated in the public arena.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Immigration, Public Policy and the Skills Debate two distinguished scholars will present work addressing this important topic.
  • Past Events | Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC fordschool.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the foreword to his book, A Presidential Legacy and The Warren Commission, Ford said the CIA destroyed or kept from investigators critical secrets connected to the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.^ The press, used to sanitizing LBJ’s salty language, reported this as "Gerald Warren Commission Further information: John F. Kennedy assassination In November 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Ford to the Warren Commission, a special task force set up to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Congressman Gerald Ford, MSFC director Wernher von Braun , Congressman George H. Mahon , and NASA Administrator James E. Webb visit the Marshall Space Flight Center for a briefing on the Saturn program, 1964 In November 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Ford to the Warren Commission , a special task force set up to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the Twentieth Anniversary of the Assassination of President Kennedy, my father was producing a two-hour film about the life of JFK and asked my younger brother and I to fly to Rancho Mirage with him to interview President Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

He said the commission's probe put "certain classified and potentially damaging operations in danger of being exposed." The CIA's reaction, he added, "was to hide or destroy some information, which can easily be misinterpreted as collusion in JFK's assassination."[39]
.According to a 1963 FBI memo released in 2008, Ford secretly provided the FBI with information regarding two of his fellow commission members, both of whom were dubious about the FBI's conclusions regarding the assassination.^ President Ford, as a Member of The House of Representatives, was elected to Office every two years until he left the Congress to become Vice President.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ok Ford gives memoirs for future book, does not want information released so as people buy book.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Compare them all lying to Ford about Nixon's innocence and compare Nixon lying to all about not resigning until it was clear he'd be either impeached or convicted or both.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[40] .The FBI position was that President Kennedy was shot by a single gunman firing from the Texas Book Depository.^ Gerald Ford Congressman Gerald Ford, MSFC director Wernher von Braun, Congressman George H. Mahon, and NASA Administrator James E. Webb visit the Marshall Space Flight Center for a briefing on the Saturn program, 1964 that John F. Kennedy was shot from the sixth floor of the Texas Book Depository in Dallas.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another 1963 memo released in 1978 stated that Representative Ford volunteered to advise the FBI regarding the content of the commission's deliberations, provided that his involvement with the bureau was kept confidential, a condition which the bureau approved.^ Thank you for providing the United States and the world with Gerald Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time of his engagement, Ford was campaigning for what would be his first of thirteen terms as a member of the United States House of Representatives .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My wish is that maybe another day, this country will have another Gerald R. Ford as President of the United States.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

[41] Ford generally believed in the single assassin theory.[42] .According to the same reports, Ford generally had strong ties to the FBI and J. Edgar Hoover.^ Ford expressed "strong support for full educational opportunities for our handicapped children" according to the official White House press release for the bill signing.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42]

House Minority Leader

Men in suits are shown meeting in a conference room. <a name=.Five men are shown, one of whom is speaking to man on his right.^ Will we see the right-wing noise machine attack Ford, whom the preznit just praised as a “great man”, or will it be sufficient to attack Woodward?
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

A sixth man is visible from behind, facing the speaker." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/08/1/3/2/46135523146378348.png" width="220" height="157" class="thumbimage" />
Ford meets with President Richard Nixon as House Minority Leader
.In 1964, Democratic President Lyndon Johnson led a landslide victory for his party, securing another term as president and taking 36 seats from Republicans in the House of Representatives.^ Occurring in the wake of the Watergate scandal, the Democratic Party was able to turn voter dissatisfaction into large gains in the House elections , taking 49 seats from the Republican Party, and increasing their majority to 291 of the 435 seats, which was one more than the number needed (290) for a 2/3rds majority, necessary in order to over-ride a Presidential veto (or to submit a Constitutional Amendment).
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's not hard -- one president elected for four year terms, 435 House seats with two-year terms, a 100-member Senate with six-year terms, and a Supreme Court which members are appointed for life.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Served in the Union Army during the Civil War; farmer ; member of Vermont state house of representatives from Victory, 1888.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Following the election, members of the Republican delegation looked to select a new Minority Leader.^ House Minority Leader In 1965, Republican members of the House elected Ford as its Minority Leader.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Surveys conducted immediately following the 1974 mid-term elections measured significant shifting perceptions of the Republican Party and President Ford.

^ Before ascending to the vice-presidency, Ford served nearly 25 years as Representative from Michigan’s 5th congressional district, eight of them as the Republican Minority Leader.
  • Gerald_R._Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Three members approached Ford to see if he would be willing to serve; after consulting with his family, he agreed.^ The only people that Ford did a favor to were the members of his party and administration that would have been exposed, as well as the subversive political machinery that exists in DC. .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ I agree Ford was a decent man who had an absolute right to be removed from politics, but I don’t think it would have been a bad thing for the MSM to have attacked him as senile.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ See also Langer family of North Dakota Ford, Newton Jake — of Memphis, Shelby County , Tenn.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After a closely contested election, Ford was chosen to replace Charles Halleck of Indiana as Minority Leader.^ Ford was also the first unelected vice president, chosen by the man he would replace after Spiro Agnew left office in disgrace over tax evasion and money laundering.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Gerald R. Ford was never elected to the office – in fact, he had been appointed House Minority Leader in 1965, as well as to every office thereafter.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1965, Republican members of the House elected Ford as its Minority Leader .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43]
The Republicans had 140 seats in the House compared to the 295 seats held by the Democrats. .As a result, the Johnson Administration was able to propose and pass a series of programs termed by President Johnson as the "Great Society". During the first session of the Eighty-ninth Congress alone, the Johnson Administration submitted eighty-seven bills to Congress, and Johnson signed eighty-four, or 96%, arguably the most successful legislative agenda in U.S. Congressional history.^ As of October 12, the U.S. Congress has passed out of committee five health care reform bills, and members are poised to begin debating and reconciling these bills into one that may emerge for signing by President Barack Obama within the end of the year.
  • Past Events | Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC fordschool.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My fourth-great-grandfather, Richard Mentor Johnson, was the ninth Vice-President, and I am confident he looked upon the 38th President with great respect.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It was with great sadness to learn of the passing of President Ford, Michigan's favorite son.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

[44]
.Criticism over the Johnson Administration's handling of the Vietnam War began to grow in 1966, with Ford and Congressional Republicans expressing concern that the United States was not doing what was necessary to win the war.^ Perhaps due in part to this fact, the 94th Congress overrode the highest percentage of vetoes since Andrew Johnson was President of the United States (1865–1869).
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But President Johnson disliked Ford for the congressman's frequent attacks on the administration's " Great Society " programs as being unneeded or wasteful, and for his criticism of the President's handling of the Vietnam War .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thank you for providing the United States and the world with Gerald Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

Public sentiment also began to move against Johnson, and the 1966 midterm elections saw a 47-seat swing in favor of the Republicans. .This was not sufficient to give Republicans a majority in the House, but the victory did give Ford the opportunity to prevent the passage of further Great Society programs.^ About Gerald Ford, if he did a good to society, then he should be remembered for that.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Ford meets with President Richard Nixon as House Minority Leader Following his return from the war, Ford became active in local Republican politics.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a current student at the University of Michigan, I am honored to study where President Ford did and would be happy if I am able to give to our country even a fraction of what President Ford was able to during his lifetime.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

[43]
.Ford's private criticism of the Vietnam war became public following a speech from the floor of the House, in which he questioned whether the White House had a clear plan to bring the conflict to a successful conclusion.^ There were also several familiar faces in Ford's White House including George Bush, Sr., and these two...
  • President Gerald Ford Dies At 93 (Wizbang) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

^ White House Counsel Fred Buzhardt had insisted that these records belong to Nixon and proposed shipping them forthwith to San Clemente; that prompted Ford to fire Buzhardt.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In retirement Ford also devoted much time to his love of golf , often playing both privately and in public events with comedian Bob Hope , a longtime friend.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] .The speech angered President Johnson, who accused Ford of playing "too much football without a helmet."^ Andrew Johnson edges Ford (and Truman, who was tied with Ford) by a field goal at 15 to 12.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As I watched coverage of President Ford's body arriving in Grand Rapids, I was shocked to suddenly hear "The Yellow and Blue" being played, followed by "The Victors".
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Growing up in Illinois, I never would have imagined that I would someday be both an alumnus and an employee of the University that President Ford loved so much.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

[43][45]
.As Minority Leader in the House, Ford appeared in a popular series of televised press conferences with famed Illinois Senator Everett Dirksen, in which they proposed Republican alternatives to Johnson's policies.^ House Republican Leader 1965 – 1973 .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Minority Leader in the House, Ford appeared in a popular series of televised press conferences with famed Illinois Senator Everett Dirksen , in which they proposed Republican alternatives to Johnson's policies.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1965, Republican members of the House elected Ford as its Minority Leader .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many in the press jokingly called this "The Ev and Jerry Show".[46] Johnson said at the time, "Jerry Ford is so dumb he can't fart and chew gum at the same time."[47] The press, used to sanitizing LBJ's salty language, reported this as "Gerald Ford can't walk and chew gum at the same time."[48]
.Ford's role shifted under President Nixon to being an advocate for the White House agenda.^ There were also several familiar faces in Ford's White House including George Bush, Sr., and these two...
  • President Gerald Ford Dies At 93 (Wizbang) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Ford will forever be remember as the first president to assume power without ever being voted into office (he replaced Vice President Spiro Agnew), and his pardon of Richard Nixon.
  • President Gerald Ford Dies At 93 (Wizbang) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Now 88, Ford was a longtime Michigan congressman and Republican leader of the U.S. House before being appointed vice president and then rising to the presidency in 1974 after Richard Nixon's resignation.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

.Congress passed several of Nixon's proposals, including the National Environmental Policy Act and the Tax Reform Act of 1969.^ The economic focus began to change as the country sank into a mild recession , and in March 1975, Congress passed and Ford signed into law income tax rebates as part of the Tax Reduction Act of 1975 to boost the economy.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Congress passed the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act in 1978, Congress decisively resolved this debate.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another high-profile victory for the Republican minority was the State and Local Fiscal Assistance act.^ Ford meets with President Richard Nixon as House Minority Leader Following his return from the war, Ford became active in local Republican politics.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remarks in Yonkers, New York, Upon Signing the State and Local Fiscal Assistance Amendments of 1976.

.Passed in 1972, the act established a Revenue Sharing program for state and local governments.^ Letter to the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate Transmitting Proposed Legislation To Extend and Revise the General Revenue Sharing Program .

^ Statement on Congressional Action Extending the General Revenue Sharing Program.

^ Remarks at a Briefing for State and Local Officials on Energy and Economic Programs.

[49] .Ford's leadership was instrumental in shepherding revenue sharing through congress, and culminated in a bipartisan coalition that supported the bill with 223 votes in favor (compared to 185 against).^ Gerald R. Ford touched the lives of many people throughout the world, inspiring us through his leadership, generosity and compassion.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I applaud the incoming Democratic leadership in declaring that Congress is to become a Monday-through-Friday job, instead of the Tuesday-through-Thursday slapdash effort it has become.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43][50]
.During the eight years (1965–1973) he served as Minority Leader, Ford won many friends in the House because of his fair leadership and inoffensive personality.^ House Republican Leader 1965 – 1973 .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the eight years (1965–1973) he served as Minority Leader, Ford won many friends in the House because of his fair leadership and inoffensive personality.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1965, Republican members of the House elected Ford as its Minority Leader .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] .An office building in the U.S. Capitol Complex, House Annex 2, was renamed for Gerald Ford as the Ford House Office Building.^ Photo Gallery of the State Funeral at the U.S. Capitol Building ABC News Special Report - Announcement of President Ford's death .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States by Chief Justice Warren Burger in the White House East Room , while Betty Ford looks on.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remarks at the Unveiling of a Portrait of Representative Olin E. Teague in the Rayburn House Office Building.

Vice Presidency, 1973–74

.On October 10, 1973, Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned and then pleaded no contest to criminal charges of tax evasion and money laundering, part of a negotiated resolution to a scheme wherein he accepted $29,500 in bribes while governor of Maryland.^ After Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned during Richard Nixon's presidency October 10, 1973, Nixon nominated Ford to take Agnew's position .
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He directed the Political Research Division, and then rose to Executive Vice President in 1973 and President in 1979.

^ It was legal, and no different than what every President or Governor does with convicted criminals.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to The New York Times, "Nixon sought advice from senior Congressional leaders about a replacement.^ AM on January 2, 2007 if you refuse to see the relevance of Ford and Nixon's acts to today's leaders and what they do, and what they get away with, which is what all this is about, then i'm sorry.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Look at the records themselves, not the biased-bull$@#^ that many news orgs say about it--clearly he did serve during the time in question.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remarks to Long Island Labor and Business Leaders in Hempstead, New York.

The advice was unanimous. 'We gave Nixon no choice but Ford,' House Speaker Carl Albert recalled later".[35]
Two couples walk down a red carpet, away from the White House. Military Honor Guard from all services stand at attention along both sides of the carpet.
Vice President and Mrs. Ford walk the Nixons to their helicopter shortly after President Nixon bids farewell to his supporters at the White House. A few hours later, while Nixon was traveling home to California, Ford would take the oath of office.
.Ford was nominated to take Agnew's position on October 12, the first time the vice-presidential vacancy provision of the 25th Amendment had been implemented.^ After Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned during Richard Nixon's presidency October 10, 1973, Nixon nominated Ford to take Agnew's position .
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Fords and the Nixons in the White House Blue Room following President Nixon's nomination of Ford to be Vice President , October 1973 Ford was nominated to take Agnew's position on October 12 , the first time the vice-presidential vacancy provision of the 25th Amendment had been implemented.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first time I voted for a President, it was for President Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The United States Senate voted 92 to 3 to confirm Ford on November 27. Only three Senators, all Democrats, had voted against Ford's confirmation: Gaylord Nelson of Wisconsin, Thomas Eagleton of Missouri and William Hathaway of Maine.^ By 50.1% of the vote and with Ford carrying 27 states.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States Senate voted 92 to 3 to confirm Ford on November 27 , and on December 6 , the House confirmed him 387 to 35.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thank you for providing the United States and the world with Gerald Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.On December 6, the House confirmed Ford by a vote of 387 to 35. One hour after the confirmation vote in the House, Ford took the oath of office as Vice President of the United States.^ President of the United States Senate as Vice President December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974 .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I was born the day President Ford took the Oath of Office.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So Ford took one for the team.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Ford's brief tenure as Vice-President was little noted by the media.^ Ford's tenure as Vice President was little noted by the media.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford was also the first unelected vice president, chosen by the man he would replace after Spiro Agnew left office in disgrace over tax evasion and money laundering.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ President Ford, as a Member of The House of Representatives, was elected to Office every two years until he left the Congress to become Vice President.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Instead, reporters were preoccupied by the continuing revelations about criminal acts during the 1972 presidential election and allegations of cover-ups within the White House.^ Instead, reporters were preoccupied by the continuing revelations about criminal acts during the 1972 presidential election and allegations of cover-ups within the White House .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The report was an attempt to predict what issues would be important during the 1968 presidential campaign.

^ Elizabeth Teeters donation expanded the breadth of the Teeter Papers far beyond the 1972 and 1976 presidential elections.

.Following Ford's appointment, the Watergate investigation continued until Chief of Staff Alexander Haig contacted Ford on August 1, 1974, and told him that "smoking gun" evidence had been found.^ Nixon's Chief of Staff, Alexander Haig, did in fact offer a deal to Ford.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following Ford's appointment, the Watergate investigation continued until Chief of Staff Alexander Haig contacted Ford on August 1 , 1974 , and told him that " smoking gun " evidence had been found.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Surveys conducted immediately following the 1974 mid-term elections measured significant shifting perceptions of the Republican Party and President Ford.

.The evidence left little doubt that President Nixon had been a part of the Watergate cover-up.^ Dear Mrs. Ford and Family, I remember many years ago in my childhood watching the Watergate hearings on television, the resignation of President Nixon, and the swearing in of President Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Your cynicism sounds to me like it was shaped in part by the aftermath of Watergate and Ford's pardoning Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nixon was more hated than even Bush--I know you'll find that impossible to believe--and Ford is the President that finally ended up closing the book on the Watergate scandal.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the time, Ford and his wife, Betty, were living in suburban Virginia, waiting for their expected move into the newly designated vice president's residence in Washington, D.C. However, "Al Haig [asked] to come over and see me," Ford later related, "to tell me that there would be a new tape released on a Monday, and he said the evidence in there was devastating and there would probably be either an impeachment or a resignation.^ I was a freshman in college when Vice President Ford became the new President.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time, Ford and his wife, Betty, were living in suburban Virginia, waiting for their expected move into the newly designated vice president's residence in Washington However, "Al Haig [asked] to come over and see me," Ford later related, "to tell me that there would be a new tape released on a Monday, and he said the evidence in there was devastating and there would probably be either an impeachment or a resignation.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford was the third longest lived Vice President at the age of 93.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.And he said, 'I'm just warning you that you've got to be prepared, that things might change dramatically and you could become President.'^ And he said, 'I'm just warning you that you've got to be prepared, that things might change dramatically and you could become President.'
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is said that doing the right thing today, might not always be glamorous or popular.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Do you believe that either one of these former presidents just accepted what was being told to them without pressing for more, testing other channels?
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.And I said, 'Betty, I don't think we're ever going to live in the vice president's house.'"^ As far as his re-election chances, I don't think you're really understanding that Nixon was a Republican, and so was Ford.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I think they allow it so that former poresidents could more competently advise current presidents without needing weeks to catch up on what’s going on.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ I don’t think, if I had been president, on the basis of the facts as I saw them publicly,” Ford said, “ I don’t think I would have ordered the Iraq war .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[9]

Presidency, 1974–77

Accession

A man in a suit, his right hand in the air, stands next to his wife and speaks to another man in the robes of a judge. <a name=.The group stands in front of a curtain, behind a podium bearing the seal of the President of the United States."^ Home of the 38th President of the United States.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps due in part to this fact, the 94th Congress overrode the highest percentage of vetoes since Andrew Johnson was President of the United States (1865–1869).
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States by Chief Justice Warren Burger in the White House East Room , while Betty Ford looks on.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/1/1/4/3822820160798709.jpg" width="220" height="147" class="thumbimage" />
Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States by Chief Justice Warren Burger in the White House East Room, while Betty Ford looks on.
.When Nixon resigned in the wake of the Watergate scandal on August 9, 1974, Ford assumed the presidency, making him the only person to assume the vice-presidency and the presidency without having been voted into either office.^ President Ford SUCCEEDED Richard Nixon as President when Nixon resigned the Office (also under Article 25).
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President Ford was a healer to this nation after the Watergate scandal.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Bob Woodward , in his book Shadow , recounts that Haig entered Ford's office on August 1 , 1974 while Ford was still Vice President and Nixon had yet to resign.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Immediately after taking the oath of office in the East Room of the White House, he spoke to the assembled audience in a speech broadcast live to the nation.^ Immediately after taking the oath of office in the East Room of the White House , he spoke to the assembled audience in a speech broadcast live to the nation.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States by Chief Justice Warren Burger in the White House East Room , while Betty Ford looks on.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Fords and the Nixons in the White House Blue Room following President Nixon's nomination of Ford to be Vice President , October 1973 Ford was nominated to take Agnew's position on October 12 , the first time the vice-presidential vacancy provision of the 25th Amendment had been implemented.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ford noted the peculiarity of his position: "I am acutely aware that you have not elected me as your president by your ballots, and so I ask you to confirm me as your president with your prayers."^ I respect you all and thank you for your service with President Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That's what you get when you declare your president as virtual .
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thank you, President Ford, for demonstrating to the whole word what it means to be a Michigan Man!
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

[51] He went on to state:
I have not sought this enormous responsibility, but I will not shirk it. .Those who nominated and confirmed me as Vice President were my friends and are my friends.^ My friend paused, puffed on his cigarette, and before the elevator doors could open again, asked, "So who's Henry Kissinger?"
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My fourth-great-grandfather, Richard Mentor Johnson, was the ninth Vice-President, and I am confident he looked upon the 38th President with great respect.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Under the Twelth Amendment, it is the Electors (as in the Electoral College) who cas the ballots separately for president and vice president.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.They were of both parties, elected by all the people and acting under the Constitution in their name.^ All of these men, every one of them, put party politics before people and national interest.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.It is only fitting then that I should pledge to them and to you that I will be the President of all the people.^ I think people are flawed, not all good or all bad and that they are capable of great good when they strive for that, including Presidents.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Are you usually this slow-witted, or has all the imbibing gone to your (one and only) brain cell?
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ If you think my post was a "dismaying show of ignorance", you should abandon all hope now because I am well above average.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52]
He also stated:
-
.My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over.^ PM on December 26, 2006 [ 1 favorite ] My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sworn in just minutes after Richard Nixon was airlifted into exile, Ford told the country, "My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Ford, Please accept my sincere condolences to you and your family upon the passing of your husband, our nation's great President and fellow Michigander, Gerald R. Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

Our constitution works. Our great republic is a government of laws and not of men. Here, the people rule. But there is a higher power, by whatever name we honor Him. Who ordains not only righteousness but love, not only justice, but mercy.... .Let us restore the golden rule to our political process and let brotherly love purge our hearts of suspicion and hate.^ Let us give you a Texas-sized welcome to our Courtyard Dallas hotel.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ If we had done that, we would not be bleeding money from our treasurey, the world would not hate us, and maybe just maybe the men responsible would be on trial.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ In fact, those of us who care enough to participate in the dialog, on either side, obviously do love our country or we wouldn't be trying to improve it.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A portion of the speech would later be memorialized with a plaque at the entrance to his presidential museum.
A man is shown from behind, seated in a leather chair at an ornate wooden desk in the Oval Office. His right hand is reaching to the floor to pet a large golden retriever laying at his feet.
Ford and his golden retriever, Liberty, in the Oval Office, 1974
.On August 20, Ford nominated former New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller to fill the vice presidency he had vacated.^ I was a freshman in college when Vice President Ford became the new President.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 20 Ford nominated former New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller to fill the vice presidency he had vacated.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford was also the first unelected vice president, chosen by the man he would replace after Spiro Agnew left office in disgrace over tax evasion and money laundering.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

Rockefeller's top competitor had been George H. W. Bush. .Rockefeller underwent extended hearings before Congress, which caused embarrassment when it was revealed he made massive gifts to senior aides, such as Henry Kissinger.^ My friend paused, puffed on his cigarette, and before the elevator doors could open again, asked, "So who's Henry Kissinger?"
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although conservative Republicans were not pleased that Rockefeller was picked, most of them did vote for his confirmation, and his nomination passed both the House and Senate.^ Rockefeller was confirmed by the House and Senate.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Which is why they voted them INTO the majority position in both the Senate and House in November?
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ The United States Senate voted 92 to 3 to confirm Ford on November 27 , and on December 6 , the House confirmed him 387 to 35.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, some, including Barry Goldwater, voted against him.^ Our local Judge was a good man and honestly more conservative than the Republican that was running against him, so I decided to vote for him in the Dem primary.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53]

Pardon of Nixon

.On September 8, 1974, Ford issued Proclamation 4311, which gave Nixon a full and unconditional pardon for any crimes he may have committed against the United States while President.^ A president may issue a pardon for any crimes that may have been committed.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Had the full House voted for Impeachment, Ford could not have pardoned Nixon.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Nixon was pardoned for any crime he committed or may have committed during a particular time period.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[54][55] .In a televised broadcast to the nation, Ford explained that he felt the pardon was in the best interests of the country, and that the Nixon family's situation "is a tragedy in which we all have played a part.^ Best wishes to all of his family and friends.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps this is why Ford pardoned Nixon.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ His rationale for doing so was not one of self-interest, but in what he felt was in the best interest of the country.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.It could go on and on and on, or someone must write the end to it.^ But on the bright side, it could also go a long way towards ending hunger IF done correctly.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

I have concluded that only I can do that, and if I can, I must."[56] .At the same time as he announced the Nixon pardon, Ford introduced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam War draft dodgers who had fled to countries such as Canada.^ Yeah, he pardoned Nixon, yeah, he gave the draft-dodgers a freebie.
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At least he introduced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam War draft dodgers who had fled to countries such as Canada.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ford's pardon of Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[57] .Unconditional amnesty, however, did not come about until the Jimmy Carter Presidency.^ Unconditional amnesty, however, did not come about until the Jimmy Carter presidency .
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Carter and Clinton did it after their presidency.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ However, your insistence that your “opposition” to the Iraq war not be made public until after your death displays a cowardice that is becoming all too familiar with recent republican presidents.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[58]
.The Nixon pardon was highly controversial.^ The Nixon pardon was highly controversial.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of his more controversial decisions was granting a presidential pardon to President Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not realizing until studying American History a decade later the magnitude of the problems President Ford inherited and the controversy of his decision to pardon President Nixon.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Critics derided the move and claimed, a "corrupt bargain" had been struck between the men.^ Critics derided the move and claimed, a " corrupt bargain " had been struck between the men.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .They claimed Ford's pardon was quid pro quo, in exchange for Nixon's resignation that elevated Ford to the Presidency.^ Does anyone really think that the pardon wasn't a quid pro quo for the presidency?
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps this is why Ford pardoned Nixon.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Ford's pardon of Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to Bob Woodward, Nixon Chief of Staff Alexander Haig proposed a pardon deal to Ford.^ Perhaps this is why Ford pardoned Nixon.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Ford, according to the powers granted by him by the consitution, pardoned Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ford's pardon of Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.In his book Shadow, Woodward states that Haig entered Ford's office on August 1, 1974 while Ford was still Vice President and Nixon had yet to resign.^ President Ford SUCCEEDED Richard Nixon as President when Nixon resigned the Office (also under Article 25).
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President of the United States Senate as Vice President December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974 .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President of the United States August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977 .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Haig told Ford that there were three pardon options: (1) Nixon could pardon himself and resign; (2) Nixon could pardon his aides involved in Watergate and then resign; or (3) Nixon could agree to leave in return for an agreement that the new president would pardon him.^ Thus, Ford would not have been able to pardon him.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Ford, according to the powers granted by him by the consitution, pardoned Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I agree with you there but think Ford's pardoning Nixon and his making Bush Sr.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.After listing these options, Haig handed Ford various papers; one of these papers included a discussion of the president's legal authority to pardon, and another sheet was a draft pardon form that only needed Ford's signature and Nixon's name to make it legal.^ Ford's pardon of Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ford one of most athletic Presidents .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After listing these options, Haig handed Ford various papers; one of these papers included a discussion of the president's legal authority to pardon and another sheet was a draft pardon form that only needed Ford's signature and Nixon's name to make it legal.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Woodward summarizes the setting between Haig and Ford as follows: "Even if Haig offered no direct words on his views, the message was almost certainly sent.^ Woodward summarizes the setting between Haig and Ford as follows: "Even if Haig offered no direct words on his views, the message was almost certainly sent.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't view him as the worst of our politicians by any means, but he is certainly no example of outstanding virtue.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite the situation, Ford never accepted the offer from Haig and later decided to pardon Nixon on his own terms.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An emotional man, Haig was incapable of concealing his feelings; those who worked closely with him rarely found him ambiguous."^ But the role of President itself was considered by the majority, who voted him in, one of attempting to work for the people, not merely for his own narcissistic needs.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I recall him as being a man of great leadership, honesty, and a person who felt very strongly about the United States!
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I agree Ford was a decent man who had an absolute right to be removed from politics, but I don’t think it would have been a bad thing for the MSM to have attacked him as senile.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.Despite the situation, Ford never accepted any offer from Haig.^ Despite the situation, Ford never accepted the offer from Haig and later decided to pardon Nixon on his own terms.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Woodward summarizes the setting between Haig and Ford as follows: "Even if Haig offered no direct words on his views, the message was almost certainly sent.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nixon's Chief of Staff, Alexander Haig, did in fact offer a deal to Ford.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He later decided to pardon Nixon for other reasons, primarily the friendship he and Nixon shared.^ He pardoned Nixon for what he believed were good reasons.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other than the Nixon pardon I didn't think there was much of a reason to hate the man.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite the situation, Ford never accepted the offer from Haig and later decided to pardon Nixon on his own terms.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[59] .Regardless, historians believe the controversy was one of the major reasons Ford lost the election in 1976, an observation with which Ford concurred.^ Regardless, historians believe the controversy was one of the major reasons Ford lost the election in 1976 , an observation with which Ford concurred.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of my neatest memories from my four years at the University of Michigan was shaking President Ford's hand (at Angell Hall) during a campaign appearance in 1976.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Meeting him in person was one of the biggest honors of my life and I do not believe America will ever again see a President as honest, humble or genuine as Gerald R. Ford was…But I pray that we do.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

[59] In an editorial at the time, The New York Times stated that the Nixon pardon was "a profoundly unwise, divisive and unjust act" that in a stroke had destroyed the new president's "credibility as a man of judgment, candor and competence."[35]
A man in a suit is seated at a table as he speaks into a bank of microphones. An audience is visible behind him.
President Ford appears at a House Judiciary Subcommittee hearing regarding his pardon of Richard Nixon.
.Ford's first press secretary and close friend Jerald Franklin terHorst resigned his post in protest after the announcement of President Nixon's full pardon.^ Ford's first press secretary and close friend Jerald Franklin terHorst resigned his post in protest after the announcement of President Nixon's full pardon.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Had the full House voted for Impeachment, Ford could not have pardoned Nixon.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Ford and family, President Ford was the first president I can remember.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Ford also voluntarily appeared before Congress on October 17, 1974 to give sworn testimony—the only time a sitting president has done so—about the pardon.^ Ford also voluntarily appeared before Congress on October 17 , 1974 to give sworn testimony—the only time a sitting president has done so—about the pardon.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first time I voted for a President, it was for President Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He is talking, of course, about the sitting president.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[22]
After Ford left the White House in 1977, intimates said that the former President privately justified his pardon of Nixon by carrying in his wallet a portion of the text of Burdick v. .United States, a 1915 U.S. Supreme Court decision which stated that a pardon indicated a presumption of guilt, and that acceptance of a pardon was tantamount to a confession of that guilt.^ United States , a 1915 U.S. Supreme Court decision which stated that a pardon indicated a presumption of guilt and that acceptance of a pardon was tantamount to a confession of that guilt.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My inclinations go towards the later, but a split decision by the Supreme Court, even then, is not out of the realm of possibility.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ A pardon, the excerpt said, “carries an imputation of guilt,” and acceptance of a pardon is “a confession of it.” posted by found missing at 10:03 AM on December 29, 2006 I can't belive we have to deal with 5 days of this mourning Ford tripe.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[59] .In 2001, the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation awarded the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award to Ford for his pardon of Nixon.^ Ford pardoned Nixon so as to protect the American people from the unpleasant truths that would have been exposed during Nixon’s criminal trials.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Burhanistan at 8:41 AM on December 27, 2006 Ford's pardon of Nixon was a small but key step in the criminalization of the office of the Presidency.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Your cynicism sounds to me like it was shaped in part by the aftermath of Watergate and Ford's pardoning Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[60] .In presenting the award to Ford, Senator Ted Kennedy said that he had initially been opposed to the pardon of Nixon, but admitted that history had proved Ford to have made the correct decision.^ Ford's pardon of Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hell, even Ted Kennedy and Jimmy Carter praised Ford and his decision to pardon Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Ford left the White House in 1977, intimates said that the former President privately justified his pardon of Nixon by carrying in his wallet a portion of the text of Burdick v.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[61]

Administration and cabinet

.Upon assuming office, Ford inherited Nixon's cabinet.^ Upon assuming office, Ford inherited the cabinet Nixon selected during his tenure in office.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President Ford SUCCEEDED Richard Nixon as President when Nixon resigned the Office (also under Article 25).
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913 - 2006) | Betanews 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President Ford could still have pardoned Nixon for all crimes commited while in office and thus precluded the possibility of criminal prosecution in the court system.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.Over the course of Ford's relatively brief administration, only Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Secretary of the Treasury William E. Simon remained.^ Over the course of Ford's relatively brief administration, only Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Secretary of the Treasury William E. Simon remained.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford conditioned his acceptance on Reagan's agreement to an unprecedented "co-presidency", [73] giving Ford the power to control key executive branch appointments (such as Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State and Alan Greenspan as Treasury Secretary).
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford conditioned his acceptance on Reagan's agreement to an unprecedented "co-presidency" , giving Ford the power to control key executive branch appointments (such as Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State and Alan Greenspan as Treasury Secretary).
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

Ford appointed William .Coleman as Secretary of Transportation, the second African American to serve in a presidential cabinet (after Robert Clifton Weaver) and the first appointed in a Republican administration.^ Ford appointed William Coleman as Secretary of Transportation , the second African American to serve in a presidential cabinet (after Robert Clifton Weaver ) and the first appointed in a Republican administration.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: United States presidential election, 1976 Ford reluctantly agreed to run for office in 1976, but first he had to counter a challenge for the Republican party nomination.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prior to 1973, he served for over eight years as the Republican Minority Leader of the House of Representatives ; he was first elected to Congress in 1948 from Michigan's 5th congressional district .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[62]
The Ford Cabinet
OFFICE NAME TERM

President Gerald Ford 1974–1977
Vice President Nelson Rockefeller 1974–1977

State Henry Kissinger 1974–1977
Treasury William E. Simon 1974–1977
Defense James R. Schlesinger 1974–1975
  Donald Rumsfeld 1975–1977
Justice William B. Saxbe 1974–1975
  Edward Levi 1975–1977
Interior Rogers Morton 1974–1975
  Stanley K. Hathaway 1975
  Thomas S. Kleppe 1975–1977
Agriculture Earl Butz 1974–1976
  John Albert Knebel 1976–1977
Commerce Frederick B. Dent 1974–1975
  Rogers Morton 1975
  Elliot Richardson 1975–1977
Labor Peter J. Brennan 1974–1975
  John Thomas Dunlop 1975–1976
  William Usery, Jr. 1976–1977
HEW Caspar Weinberger 1974–1975
  F. David Mathews 1975–1977
HUD James Thomas Lynn 1974–1975
  Carla Anderson Hills 1975–1977
Transportation Claude Brinegar 1974–1975
  William Thaddeus Coleman, Jr. 1975–1977
Other cabinet-level posts:
Other important posts:
Ford selected George H.W. Bush to be his liaison to the People's Republic of China in 1974 and then Director of the Central Intelligence Agency in late 1975.[63]
.Ford's transition chairman and first Chief of Staff was former congressman and ambassador Donald Rumsfeld.^ Ford's transition chairman and first Chief of Staff was former congressman and ambassador Donald Rumsfeld .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nixon's Chief of Staff, Alexander Haig, did in fact offer a deal to Ford.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford chose a young Wyoming politician, Richard Cheney , to replace Rumsfeld as his new Chief of Staff and later campaign manager for Ford's 1976 presidential campaign .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1975, Rumsfeld was named by Ford as the youngest-ever Secretary of Defense.^ In 1975, Ford also selected former congressman and ambassador Donald Rumsfeld as Secretary of Defense.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Ford chose a young Wyoming politician, Richard Cheney, to replace Rumsfeld as his new Chief of Staff and later campaign manager for Ford's 1976 presidential campaign.^ Rumsfeld had previously served as Ford's transition chairman and later Chief of Staff.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Additionally, Ford chose a young Wyoming politician, Richard Cheney, to be his new Chief of Staff and later campaign manager for Ford's 1976 presidential campaign .
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ford chose a young Wyoming politician, Richard Cheney , to replace Rumsfeld as his new Chief of Staff and later campaign manager for Ford's 1976 presidential campaign .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[64] Ford's dramatic reorganization of his Cabinet in the fall of 1975 has been referred to by political commentators as the "Halloween Massacre."

Midterm elections

.The 1974 Congressional midterm elections took place less than three months after Ford assumed office and in the wake of the Watergate scandal.^ Main articles: United States House elections, 1974 and United States Senate elections, 1974 The 1974 Congressional midterm elections took place less than three months after Ford assumed office.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Nixon resigned in the wake of the Watergate scandal on August 9 , 1974 , Ford assumed the presidency.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford and his golden retriever Liberty in the Oval Office , 1974 ^ a b Funk, Josh (2006).
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Democratic Party was able to turn voter dissatisfaction into large gains in the House elections, taking 49 seats from the Republican Party, and increasing their majority to 291 of the 435 seats.^ Occurring in the wake of the Watergate scandal, the Democratic Party was able to turn voter dissatisfaction into large gains in the House elections , taking 49 seats from the Republican Party, and increasing their majority to 291 of the 435 seats, which was one more than the number needed (290) for a 2/3rds majority, necessary in order to over-ride a Presidential veto (or to submit a Constitutional Amendment).
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Democratic nominee and former Georgia governor Jimmy Carter campaigned as an outsider and reformer; he gained support from voters dismayed by the Watergate scandal.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Surveys conducted immediately following the 1974 mid-term elections measured significant shifting perceptions of the Republican Party and President Ford.

.This was one more than the number needed (290) for a two-thirds majority, necessary to override a Presidential veto (or to submit a Constitutional Amendment).^ Even though he was lampooned as bumbling and dumb, he was still more "presidential" than the current occupant.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PM on December 26, 2006 [ 4 favorites ] Even though he was lampooned as bumbling and dumb, he was still more "presidential" than the current occupant.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the more than 5 years since, we have lost about the same number in Iraq.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.Perhaps due in part to this fact, the 94th Congress overrode the highest percentage of vetoes since Andrew Johnson was President of the United States (1865–1869).^ [The President] shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment.” U.S. Constitution, Article 2, Section 2.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Executive Order 11919--Delegating authority of the President to concur in designations of Commissioners, United States Parole Commission .

[65] .Even Ford's old, reliably Republican seat was taken by Democrat Richard VanderVeen, defeating Republican Robert VanderLaan.^ Ford appointed William Coleman as Secretary of Transportation , the second African American to serve in a presidential cabinet (after Robert Clifton Weaver ) and the first appointed in a Republican administration.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1976 , Ford narrowly defeated Ronald Reagan for the Republican nomination, but ultimately lost the presidential election to Democrat Jimmy Carter .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford meets with President Richard Nixon as House Minority Leader Following his return from the war, Ford became active in local Republican politics.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the Senate elections, the Democratic majority became 61 in the 100-seat body.[66]

Domestic policy

Twenty people meet in a conference room around an oval table. One man, at the center of the table on the right-hand side, is addressing the others. All are wearing suits or similar attire.
President Ford meets with his Cabinet in 1975.
.The economy was a great concern during the Ford administration.^ During the Ford Administration, Teeter conducted survey research on behalf of the Republican National Committee.

In response to rising inflation, Ford went before the American public in October 1974 and asked them to "Whip Inflation Now." As part of this program, he urged people to wear "WIN" buttons.[67] In hindsight, this was viewed as simply a public relations gimmick without offering any effective means of solving the underlying problems.[68] At the time, inflation was approximately seven percent.[69]
Ford was confronted with a potential swine flu pandemic. .Sometime in the early 1970s, an influenza strain H1N1 shifted from a form of flu that affected primarily pigs and crossed over to humans.^ Sometime in the early 1970s, an influenza strain H1N1 shifted from a form of flu that affected primarily pigs and crossed over to humans.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On February 5, 1976, an Army recruit at Fort Dix mysteriously died and four fellow soldiers were hospitalized; health officials announced that "swine flu" was the cause.^ Letter to the Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Health and the Environment on the National Swine Flu Immunization Program.

^ Remarks Upon Signing the National Swine Flu Immunization Program of 1976.

^ Remarks Announcing the National Swine Flu Immunization Program.

.Soon after, public health officials in the Ford administration urged that every person in the United States be vaccinated.^ When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Pretend for a moment that you’re a former President of the United States who began each and every day of your term in office in a meeting with your own personal intelligence briefer.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Event was co-sponsored by the International Policy Center, Ford School of Public Policy and the UM Global Health Research & Training Initiative (UM-GHRT).
  • Past Events | Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC fordschool.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70] .Although the vaccination program was plagued by delays and public relations problems, some 25% of the population was vaccinated by the time the program was canceled in December of that year.^ PM on December 26, 2006 Years of trials, and a virtual standstill of the US government at a time of war, Where do people get the idea that "trial of public official"="shutdown of the US government"??
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The vaccine was blamed for twenty-five deaths; more people died from the shots than from the swine flu.^ On February 5 , 1976 , an Army recruit at Fort Dix mysteriously died and four fellow soldiers were hospitalized; health officials announced that "swine flu" was the cause.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes people can be greater in death than Alive and this is his message to the American people Take Heed ???
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Dear Timid Terry – I have had MORE “people” post phony garbage using my moniker than you ever thought of.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[71]
Ford was an outspoken supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment, issuing Presidential Proclamation 4383.
.In this Land of the Free, it is right, and by nature it ought to be, that all men and all women are equal before the law.^ Equality of all before the law, my ass.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hallmarks of adherence to the rule of law commonly include a clear separation of powers, legal certainty, the principle of legitimate expectation and equality of all before the law.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, either there is the rule of law, and it applies to all sectors of society, and applies equally, or there isn't.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Now, therefore, I, Gerald R. Ford, President of the United States of America, to remind all Americans that it is fitting and just to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment adopted by the Congress of the United States of America, in order to secure legal equality for all women and men, do hereby designate and proclaim August 26, 1975, as Women's Equality Day.^ Message on the Observance of Women's Equality Day, 1975.

^ Proclamation 4383 - Women's Equality Day, 1975 .

^ Slarty Bartfast at 9:08 PM on December 26, 2006 [ 1 favorite ] Ford's pardon speech: ...Now, therefore, I, Gerald R. Ford, President of the United States, pursuant to the pardon power conferred upon me by Article II, Section 2, of the Constitution, have granted and by these presents do grant a full, free, and absolute pardon unto Richard Nixon for all offenses against the United States which he, Richard Nixon, has committed or may have committed or taken part in during the period from July (January) 20, 1969, through August 9, 1974.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[72]
As president, Ford's position on abortion was that he supported "a federal constitutional amendment that would permit each one of the 50 States to make the choice."[73] This had also been his position as House Minority Leader in response to the 1973 Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade, which he opposed.[74] .Ford came under criticism for a 60 Minutes interview his wife Betty gave in 1975, in which she stated that Roe v.^ Ford came under criticism for a 60 Minutes interview his wife Betty gave in 1975, in which she stated that Roe v.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States by Chief Justice Warren Burger in the White House East Room , while Betty Ford looks on.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President George W. Bush with former President Ford and his wife Betty on April 23 , 2006 ; this is the last known public photo of Gerald Ford.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Wade
was a "great, great decision."^ Wade was a "great, great decision."
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[75] .During his later life, Ford would identify as pro-choice.^ In later life, Ford would identify as pro-choice .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford pardoned Nixon so as to protect the American people from the unpleasant truths that would have been exposed during Nixon’s criminal trials.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ 'We gave Nixon no choice but Ford,' House Speaker Carl Albert recalled later".
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[76]

Budget

.Ford ran a budget deficit (which he had inherited from his predecessors) every year he was President.^ PM on December 27, 2006 If only we had someone as rational and congenial as Gerry Ford as president for the last 6 years....
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ford's lowest level of support was in the Bible Belt states of the Deep South (Carter won every Southern state that year except Virginia ).
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford is one of only four former Presidents to live to 90 or more years of age.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77] .Despite his reservations about how this program ultimately would be funded in an era of tight public budgeting, Ford still signed the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, which established special education throughout the United States.^ Despite his reservations about how this program ultimately would be funded in an era of tight public budgeting, Ford still signed the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, which established special education throughout the United States.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The economic focus began to change as the country sank into a mild recession , and in March 1975, Congress passed and Ford signed into law income tax rebates as part of the Tax Reduction Act of 1975 to boost the economy.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now, THEREFORE, I, GERALD R. FORD, President of the United States of America, to remind all Americans that it is fitting and just to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment adopted by the Congress of the United States of America, in order to secure legal equality for all women and men, do hereby designate and proclaim August 26 , 1975 , as Women's Equality Day.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ford expressed "strong support for full educational opportunities for our handicapped children" according to the official White House press release for the bill signing.^ Ford expressed "strong support for full educational opportunities for our handicapped children" according to the official White House press release for the bill signing.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ White House Counsel Fred Buzhardt had insisted that these records belong to Nixon and proposed shipping them forthwith to San Clemente; that prompted Ford to fire Buzhardt.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States by Chief Justice Warren Burger in the White House East Room , while Betty Ford looks on.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[78]
The economic focus began to change as the country sank into a mild recession, and in March 1975, Congress passed and Ford signed into law income tax rebates as part of the Tax Reduction Act of 1975 to boost the economy. .When New York City faced bankruptcy in 1975, Mayor Abraham Beame was unsuccessful in obtaining Ford's support for a federal bailout.^ When New York City faced bankruptcy in 1975, Mayor Abraham Beame was unsuccessful in obtaining Ford's support for a federal bailout.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The incident prompted the New York Daily News ' notorious headline: "Ford to City: Drop Dead."
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On December 28 , 2006 , the New York Times reported that, at Ford's request, former President Jimmy Carter would deliver a eulogy.
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The incident prompted the New York Daily News' notorious headline: "Ford to City: Drop Dead."[79]

Foreign policy

Two men in suits are seated, each signing a document in front of them. Six men, one in a military uniform, stand behind them.
Ford meets with Soviet Union leader Leonid Brezhnev in Vladivostok, November 1974, to sign a joint communiqué on the SALT treaty
.Ford continued the détente policy with both the Soviet Union and China, easing the tensions of the Cold War.^ They document prominent U.S. foreign policy and world events including: the fall of the Soviet Union; the Persian Gulf War; the conflict in Bosnia; the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks; the War on Terrorism; and the wars with Afghanistan and Iraq.

^ This series documents prominent U.S. foreign policy and world events including: the fall of the Soviet Union; the Persian Gulf War; the conflict in Bosnia; the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks; the War on Terrorism; and the wars with Afghanistan and Iraq.

^ Ford did what most presidents would've done then...continue the same policy of supporting Suharto established in the early 60s.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Still in place from the Nixon Administration was the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT).^ The Limits of Power: The Nixon and Ford Administrations .
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Still in place from the Nixon Administration was the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT).
  • Gerald Ford (1913)/Biography - Familypedia 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Joint United States-Soviet Statement on the Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.

[80] .The thawing relationship brought about by Nixon's visit to China was reinforced by Ford's December 1975 visit to the communist country.^ PM on December 27, 2006 I'm late to the thread, but can we please stop with the "Nixon opened China" bs?
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Secret Life of Gravy at 7:11 AM on December 27, 2006 President Ford helped put integrity back into the presidency after the Resignation of Richard Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AM on December 27, 2006 Your cynicism sounds to me like it was shaped in part by the aftermath of Watergate and Ford's pardoning Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[81] .In 1975, the Administration entered into the Helsinki Accords[82] with the Soviet Union, creating the framework of the Helsinki Watch, an independent non-governmental organization created to monitor compliance that later evolved into Human Rights Watch.^ Proclamation 4408 - Bill of Rights Day, Human Rights Day and Week, 1975 .

^ Exchange With Reporters in Helsinki Following a Meeting With General Secretary L. I. Brezhnev of the Soviet Union.

[83]
.Ford attended the inaugural meeting of the Group of Seven (G7) industrialized nations (initially the G5) in 1975 and secured membership for Canada.^ He is in a group of senators on a Congressional trip to meet meet with presidents of a few SouthAmerican nations.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ The February 1975 study includes reports on focus group interviews, a random national sample, an intensive sample of Michigan voters, and a variety of supplementary analyses.

Ford supported international solutions to issues. "We live in an interdependent world and, therefore, must work together to resolve common economic problems," he said in a 1974 speech.[84]

Middle East

In the Middle East and eastern Mediterranean, two on-going international disputes developed into crises. The ongoing Cyprus dispute turned into a crisis with the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, causing extreme strain within the NATO alliance. .In mid-August, the government withdrew Greece from the NATO military structure; in mid-September 1974 the Senate and House of Representatives overwhelmingly voted to halt military aid to Turkey.^ Which is why they voted them INTO the majority position in both the Senate and House in November?
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ No problem Exley > in the House of Representatives a simple majority can win by one vote in impeaching a president, so a tie vote can happen there.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Letter to the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate Retransmitting the United States-Turkey Defense Cooperation Agreement .

.Ford, concerned with both the effect of this on Turkish-American relations and the deterioration of security on NATO’s eastern front, vetoed the bill.^ I said that -in the article- Ford seems less concerned with whether or not Hussein actually had WMD than how the occupation was sold to the American people.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.A second bill was passed by the house, and vetoed, although a compromise was accepted to continue aid until the end of the year.^ Veto of Second Continuing Appropriations Resolution Providing for Suspension of Military Aid to Turkey.

^ Remarks on Signing Veto of Continuing Appropriations Resolution Containing an Amendment Suspending Military Aid to Turkey.

^ Statement on House Action Sustaining Veto of the Tax Reduction Bill.

[3] As Ford expected, Turkish relations were considerably disrupted until 1978.
In the continuing Arab-Israeli conflict, although the initial cease fire had been implemented to end active conflict in the Yom Kippur War, Kissinger’s continuing shuttle diplomacy was showing little progress. Ford considered it “stalling” and wrote, “Their [Israeli] tactics frustrated the Egyptians and made me mad as hell.’[85] During Kissinger’s shuttle to Israel in early March 1975, a last minute reversal to consider further withdrawal, prompted a cable from Ford to Prime Minister Yitzak Rabin, which included;
I wish to express my profound disappointment over Israel’s attitude in the course of the negotiations... Failure of the negotiation will have a far reaching impact on the region and on our relations. .I have given instructions for a reassessment of United States policy in the region, including our relations with Israel, with the aim of ensuring that overall American interests...^ Text of the "Joint Statement on Principles of United States-Polish Relations."

^ Message to the Senate Transmitting the United States-Israel Convention on Income Tax.

^ Address Before a Joint Session of the Congress Reporting on United States Foreign Policy.

are protected. You will be notified of our decision[86]
.On March 24, Ford received congressional leaders of both parties and informed them of the reassessment of the administration policies in the Middle East.^ He is a 1986 alumnus of the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy and received his BS in 1980 in community economic development from the University of California-Davis.
  • Past Events | Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC fordschool.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ U.S. Policy in the Middle East: The Democracy Agenda .
  • Past Events | Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC fordschool.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Policy Priorities for the New Administration: Ford School Alumni Perspectives .
  • Past Events | Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC fordschool.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There was only one way a “reassessment” could have a practical meaning: to cancel or suspend further aid to Israel. And this indeed was what happened. .For six months between March and September 1975 the United States refused to conclude any new arms agreements with Israel.^ Proclamation 4339 - March of Dimes Birth Defects Prevention Month, 1975 .

^ Message to the Congress Transmitting the United States-Soviet Union International Fishery Agreement.

^ Message to the Senate Transmitting the United States-Israel Convention on Income Tax.

.Rabin notes it was ”an innocent-sounding term that heralded one of the worst periods in American-Israeli relations.”[87] As could be expected, the announced reassessments upset the American Jewish community and Israel’s well-wishers in Congress.^ Carter is the only American politician to regognize the Israeli-Palestinian situation for what it is, a 60 year land grab by Israel.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ There is no snark or sarcasm or blind idealism going on with me here, I think the pardon of Nixon was one of the absolute worst things anybody could have done.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.On May 21, Ford “experienced a real shock,” seventy-six senators wrote him a letter urging him to be “responsive” to Israel’s request for $2.59 billion in military and economic aid.^ Letter to the Senate Minority Leader Urging Extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

^ Letter to the Speaker of the House and Senate Committee Chairmen Recommending Economic and Military Assistance for Greece.

^ Letter to the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate Transmitting Proposed Legislation for United States Participation in the Financial Support Fund of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development .

Ford felt truly annoyed and thought the chance for peace was jeopardized. .It was, since the September 1974 ban on arms to Turkey, the second major congressional intrusion upon the President’s [foreign policy] prerogatives.^ Again, President Jimmy Carter warned America about the effects of being dependent upon foreign oil back in 1978.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[88] .The following summer months were described by Ford as an American-Israeli “war of nerves” or ”test of wills,”[89] and after much bargaining, the Sinai Interim Agreement (Sinai II), was formally signed on September 1 and aid resumed.^ In the interview, Ford does not seem interested in discussing the existence of the WMD, but on how the war was sold to the American public.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Statement on the Interim Egyptian-Israeli Troop Disengagement Agreement.

^ Remarks Upon Signing a Proclamation Designating May as Older Americans Month.

Vietnam

.One of Ford's greatest challenges was dealing with the continued Conflict in Vietnam.^ Ford covered for the party and never said one thing in public that might conflict with the cheney/rove/bush policy or decisions.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.American offensive operations against North Vietnam had ended with the Paris Peace Accords, signed on 27 January 1973. The accords declared a cease fire across both North and South Vietnam, and required the release of American prisoners of war.^ According to the international conventions it is forbidden to hand a prisoner of war to his adversary,” he said on Thursday.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Newly constructed hotel, opened January 2005, located off I-35E, Exit 443C from the South and 443B, from the North.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ According to the international conventions it is forbidden to hand a prisoner of war to his adversary,” he said on Thursday.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

The agreement guaranteed the territorial integrity of Vietnam and, like the Geneva Conference of 1954, called for national elections in the North and South. The Paris Peace Accords stipulated a sixty-day period for the total withdrawal of U.S. forces.[90]
The accords had been negotiated by United States National Security Advisor Dr. Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese politburo member Le Duc Tho. South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu was not involved in the final negotiations, and publicly criticized the proposed agreement. .However, anti-war pressures within the United States forced Nixon and Kissinger to pressure Thieu to sign the agreement and enable the withdrawal of American forces.^ On Friday Nixon signed an agreement.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.In multiple letters to the South Vietnamese president, Nixon had promised that the United States would defend his government, should the North Vietnamese violate the accords.^ Wayne, ….Even if the House had voted for Articles of Impeachment, Nixon still would have been President.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Interpretation by the president.– (A) As provided by the Constitution and by this section, the President has the authority for the United States to interpret the meaning and application of the Geneva Conventions and to promulgate higher standards and administrative regulations for violations of treaty obligations which are not grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Executive Order 11919--Delegating authority of the President to concur in designations of Commissioners, United States Parole Commission .

[91]
.In December 1974, just months after Ford took office, North Vietnamese forces invaded the province of Phuoc Long.^ AM on December 27, 2006 Coincidentally, Gerald Ford was the subject of a 1974 James Brown hit single .
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sworn in just minutes after Richard Nixon was airlifted into exile, Ford told the country, "My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Burhanistan at 8:41 AM on December 27, 2006 Ford's pardon of Nixon was a small but key step in the criminalization of the office of the Presidency.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.General Trần Văn Trà sought to gauge any South Vietnamese or American response to the invasion, as well as to solve logistical issues before proceeding with the invasion.^ Any former president who disagreed with Bush’s plans for invasion had a responsibility as an American first to enter the public debate.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[92]
As North Vietnamese forces advanced, Ford requested aid for South Vietnam in a $522 million aid package. .The funds had been promised by the Nixon administration, but Congress voted against the proposal by a wide margin.^ Special Message to the Congress Proposing Legislation to Fund Security Assistance Programs .

[80] Senator Jacob Javits offered "...large sums for evacuation, but not one nickel for military aid."[80] President Thieu resigned on April 21, 1975, publicly blaming the lack of support from the United States for the fall of his country.[93] Two days later, on April 23, Ford gave a speech at Tulane University. In that speech, he announced that the Vietnam War was over "...as far as America is concerned."[91] The announcement was met with thunderous applause.[91]
1,373 U.S. citizens and 5,595 Vietnamese and third country nationals were evacuated from the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon during Operation Frequent Wind. Military and Air America helicopters took evacuees to U.S. Navy ships off-shore during an approximately 24-hour period on April 29 to 30, 1975, immediately preceding the fall of Saigon. .During the operation, so many South Vietnamese helicopters landed on the vessels taking the evacuees that some were pushed overboard to make room for more people.^ The La Quinta Inn & Suites Dallas Arlington South features rooms with free high-speed Internet access and more!
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ It’s then less about revenge (which I don’t support because it is based in anger) and more about justice (which I do because it is based in preventing people from making negative choices in teh first place.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ I guess Greenpeace knows far more better what Monsanto and other corporations are trying to give to the people than you and I to make that simplistic comment.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

Other helicopters, having nowhere to land, were deliberately crash landed into the sea, close to the ships, their pilots bailing out at the last moment to be picked up by rescue boats.[94] .Many of the Vietnamese evacuees were allowed to enter the United States under the Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act.^ January 22, 1963, Entitled "Administration of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962" .

^ Remarks on Senate Action To Prohibit United States Assistance to Angola.

^ Remarks to Reporters Following a Meeting With Congressmen To Discuss United States Military Assistance to Turkey .

[95]

Mayaguez and Panmunjom

.North Vietnam's victory over the South led to a considerable shift in the political winds in Asia, and Ford administration officials worried about a consequent loss of U.S. influence there.^ Ford told Price he applauds President Bush’s decision to appoint three openly gay officials to his administration.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Clearly he volunteered to say "There is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe, and there will be none under a Ford administration."
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are few studies concerning the consequences of eating a tomato which has north fish´s genes in order to endure winters.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

The administration proved it was willing to respond forcefully to challenges to its interests in the region on two occasions, once when Khmer Rouge forces seized an American ship in international waters and then again during the Axe murder incident in Korea.[96]
The first crisis was the Mayaguez Incident. In May 1975, shortly after the fall of Saigon and the Khmer Rouge conquest of Cambodia, Cambodians seized the American merchant ship Mayaguez in international waters. Ford dispatched Marines to rescue the crew, but the Marines landed on the wrong island and met unexpectedly stiff resistance just as, unknown to the U.S., the Mayaguez sailors were being released. In the operation, two Military transport helicopters carrying the Marines for the assault operation were shot down, and 41 U.S. servicemen were killed and 50 wounded while approximately 60 Khmer Rouge soldiers were killed.[97]. .Despite the American losses, the operation was seen as a success in the United States and Ford enjoyed an 11-point boost in his approval ratings in the aftermath.^ Gerald Ford, the 38th president of the United States and the only president to have never been elected, has died at 93 .
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Letter to Congressional Leaders Urging Approval of United States Participation in the Early Warning System in the Sinai Peninsula .

^ Statement on Suspension of United States Military Operations in Turkey.

[98] The Americans killed during the operation became the last to have their names inscribed on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial wall in Washington, D.C.
Some historians have argued that the Ford administration felt the need to respond forcefully to the incident because it was construed as a Soviet plot.[99] .But recent work by Andrew Gawthorpe, based on an analysis of the administration's internal discussions, shows that Ford's national security team understood that the seizure of the vessel was a local, and perhaps even accidental, provocation by an immature Khmer government.^ Bush 1 did the same with Iran-Contra, and no one even cared by that point, after Ford's blatant disregard for the law and for the nation.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps, what President Ford saw in his expertise was a way to resolve conflict without shame and therefore retain the moral highground and honor of the nation.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ During the Ford Administration, Teeter conducted survey research on behalf of the Republican National Committee.

Nevertheless, they felt the need to respond forcefully to discourage further provocations by other Communist countries in Asia.[100]
The second incident which the Ford administration believed required a forceful response occurred at Panmunjom, a village which stands in the demilitarized zone (DMZ) between the two Koreas. .At the time, this was the only part of the DMZ where forces from the North and the South came into contact with each other.^ That said, Ford came into the job at a difficult time for our country, I believe he tried his best.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

Encouraged by U.S. difficulties in Vietnam, North Korea had been waging a campaign of diplomatic pressure and minor military harassment to try and convince the U.S. to withdraw from South Korea.[101] Then, in August 1976, North Korean forces killed two U.S. officers and injured South Korean guards who were engaged in trimming a tree in Panmunjom's Joint Security Area. .The attack coincided with a meeting of the Non-Aligned Conference in Colombo, at which the North presented the incident as an example of American aggression, helping a motion calling for a U.S. withdrawal from the South to be passed.^ Text of Remarks at a Meeting With Representatives of Americans of Eastern European Background Concerning the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe.

[102]
.After mulling various options and deciding that a forceful response was necessary despite the risk of escalation into a wider battle, the Ford administration decided it needed to respond forcefully and show the North Koreans that it would defend its interests.^ The only people that Ford did a favor to were the members of his party and administration that would have been exposed, as well as the subversive political machinery that exists in DC. .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

At administration meetings, Henry Kissinger voiced the concern that the North would see the U.S. as "the paper tigers of Saigon" if they did not respond. Ford agreed. The administration sent in a large number of ground forces to cut down the tree, while simultaneously making a show of force that included B-52 bomber flights over Panmunjom. The North backed down and allowed the tree-cutting to go ahead, and later issued an unprecedented diplomatic apology.[103]

Assassination attempts

.Ford faced two assassination attempts during his presidency, occurring within three weeks of each other: while in Sacramento, California on September 5, 1975, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a follower of Charles Manson, pointed a Colt 45-caliber handgun at Ford.^ Pollomacho at 5:47 PM on December 27, 2006 This is the president that faced two assassination attempts during his presidency, occurring within three weeks of each other.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AM on December 28, 2006 and don't forget Squeaky Fromme It's more likely that we've forgotten the other would-be assassin, and the foiler of her attack .
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Teeter also played a key role in preparing President Ford for his three debates with Jimmy Carter.

As Fromme pulled the trigger, Larry Buendorf,[104] a Secret Service agent, grabbed the gun and managed to insert the webbing of his thumb under the hammer, preventing the gun from firing. It was later found that, although the semi-automatic pistol had four cartridges in the magazine, the slide had not been pulled to place a round in the firing chamber, making it impossible for the gun to fire. Fromme was taken into custody; she was later convicted of attempted assassination of the President and was sentenced to life in prison, but was paroled on August 14, 2009.[105]
A chaotic scene of motorcade vehicles surrounded by crowd of people including police and press
Reaction immediately after the second assassination attempt.
.In reaction to this attempt, the Secret Service began keeping Ford at a more secure distance from anonymous crowds, a strategy that may have saved his life seventeen days later: as he left a hotel in downtown San Francisco, Sara Jane Moore, standing in a crowd of onlookers across the street, pointed her pistol at him.^ Ford might have died on September 22, 1975, when an attempt was made on his life by Sara Jane Moore outside the St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco, less than three weeks after a similar assassination attempt was made by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme in Sacramento.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Welcome to the Hotel Lumen, a modern boutique hotel in Dallas, Texas directly across the street from Southern Methodist University, where youll find the perfect balance of style and service.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ Public transportation within walking distance of hotel with access to Fort Worth, Downtown Dallas, Convention, Hospital and Marketplace Areas.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

[106] .Just before she fired, former Marine Oliver Sipple grabbed at the gun and deflected her shot; one person was injured.^ Do you believe that either one of these former presidents just accepted what was being told to them without pressing for more, testing other channels?
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ This time Ford's life was saved by Oliver Sipple (see photo), a former Marine who lunged at Moore, deflecting the intended bullet.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

Moore was later sentenced to life in prison. .She was paroled from prison on December 31, 2007, having served 32 years.^ AM on January 2, 2007 who's going to save us from a country where people whine about things for 32 years?
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PM on December 30, 2006 who's going to save us from a country where people whine about things for 32 years?
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PM on January 1, 2007 who's going to save us from a country where people whine about things for 32 years?
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[107]

Judicial appointments

.In 1975, Ford appointed John Paul Stevens as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States to replace retiring Justice William O. Douglas.^ When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Remarks Announcing Intention To Nominate John Paul Stevens To Be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

^ He tried, repeatedly, to impeach Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, despite the fact that Douglas had committed no crimes, and Ford himself did not accuse Douglas of committing crimes, he just didn't like him.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Stevens had been a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, appointed by President Nixon.^ Gerald Ford, the 38th president of the United States and the only president to have never been elected, has died at 93 .
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

[108] .During his tenure as House Republican leader, Ford had led efforts to have Douglas impeached.^ Now 88, Ford was a longtime Michigan congressman and Republican leader of the U.S. House before being appointed vice president and then rising to the presidency in 1974 after Richard Nixon's resignation.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Had Nixon been impeached, then resigned before the trial, could Ford have pardoned him prior to trial, or would the House impeachment vote have sufficed to preclude a pardon.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ During the Ford Administration, Teeter conducted survey research on behalf of the Republican National Committee.

After being confirmed, Stevens eventually disappointed some conservatives by siding with the Court's liberal wing regarding the outcome of many key issues.[109] .Nevertheless, President Ford paid tribute to Stevens.^ I saw on the BBC website yesterday in the comment section a spot where you could “Voice Your Tribute to President Ford”.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

."He has served his nation well," Ford said of Stevens, "with dignity, intellect and without partisan political concerns."^ Said Ford: "The political lesson of Watergate is this: Never again must America allow an arrogant, elite guard of political adolescents to by-pass the regular party organization and dictate the terms of a national election."
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

[110]
.In addition to the Stevens appointment, Ford appointed 11 judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, and 50 judges to the United States district courts.^ Gerald Ford, the 38th president of the United States and the only president to have never been elected, has died at 93 .
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition to his work in the United States, Teeter also conducted research in Canada for the Progressive Conservative Party during the 1970s and 1980s (this work is not represented in the Teeter Papers).

^ Executive Order 11835 - Prescribing Amendments to the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States, 1969 (Revised Edition) .

[111]

1976 presidential election

.Ford reluctantly agreed to run for office in 1976, but first he had to counter a challenge for the Republican party nomination.^ Ford was also the first unelected vice president, chosen by the man he would replace after Spiro Agnew left office in disgrace over tax evasion and money laundering.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ This action again shows that Ford put the Republican party’s needs ahead of those of the country.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Surveys conducted immediately following the 1974 mid-term elections measured significant shifting perceptions of the Republican Party and President Ford.

.Then-former Governor of California Ronald Reagan and the party's conservative wing faulted Ford for failing to do more in South Vietnam, for signing the Helsinki Accords and for negotiating to cede the Panama Canal (negotiations for the canal continued under President Carter, who eventually signed the Torrijos-Carter Treaties).^ President Ford agrees with “the two biggest narcissists: Clinton and Carter” that Bush made a huge mistake and lied to get into a war.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Teeter also played a key role in preparing President Ford for his three debates with Jimmy Carter.

^ Ford, daddy Bush, Rumsfeld, Cheney and wiretaps posted by amberglow at 11:06 PM on December 26, 2006 Rummy and Cheney under Ford posted by amberglow at 11:11 PM on December 26, 2006 No more or less a war criminal than, say, Reagan or Carter.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Reagan launched his campaign in autumn of 1975 and won several primaries before withdrawing from the race at the Republican Convention in Kansas City, Missouri.^ Several state files contain material on voter demographics, media markets, primary campaigns, and congressional and state elections.

^ But negotiations between the Reagan and Ford camps at the Republican National Convention in Detroit were unsuccessful.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Studies in June 1976 served to assess opinion after the tough Ford-Reagan primary battles and to clarify strategies for the fall campaign.

.The conservative insurgency convinced Ford to drop the more liberal Vice President Nelson Rockefeller in favor of Kansas Senator Bob Dole.^ Ford was also the first unelected vice president, chosen by the man he would replace after Spiro Agnew left office in disgrace over tax evasion and money laundering.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ After Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned during Richard Nixon's presidency October 10, 1973, Nixon nominated Ford to take Agnew's position .
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Remarks in Kansas City Announcing Senator Robert Dole of Kansas as the President's Selection for the Vice-Presidential Nomination .

[112]
In addition to the pardon dispute and lingering anti-Republican sentiment, Ford had to counter a plethora of negative media imagery. .Chevy Chase often did pratfalls on Saturday Night Live, imitating Ford, who had been seen stumbling on two occasions during his term.^ He said that he did not think they should be divisive for anyone who lived by the great commandments and the great commission to love God and to love neighbor."
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Saturday Night Live (7) .
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

.As Chase commented, "He even mentioned in his own autobiography it had an effect over a period of time that affected the election to some degree."^ Seem’s to me James Brown left a better legacy with his music and non violance stance even though he served some prison time.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Seriously, I feel that there should be lableing to mark the “cloned” thing from the “real” thing for at lease some time until we know the full effects.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[113]
.President Ford's 1976 election campaign had the advantage that he was an incumbent President during several anniversary events held during the period leading up to the United States Bicentennial.^ During the 1976 primary campaigns, Teeter coordinated surveys in the key states and initiated daily tracking techniques in the North Carolina and Wisconsin primaries.

^ Several state files contain material on voter demographics, media markets, primary campaigns, and congressional and state elections.

^ Surveys conducted immediately following the 1974 mid-term elections measured significant shifting perceptions of the Republican Party and President Ford.

The Washington, D.C. fireworks display on the Fourth of July was presided over by the President and televised nationally.[114] .On July 7, 1976, the President and First Lady served as hosts at a White House state dinner for Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip of the United Kingdom, which was televised on the Public Broadcasting Service network.^ Any former president who disagreed with Bush’s plans for invasion had a responsibility as an American first to enter the public debate.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ We might have had the Sedition Act II. If you recall, the first one criminalized speech disparaging the President, but not the Vice President!
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Memoranda from Teeter to White House and President Ford Committee staff members.

The 200th anniversary of the Battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts gave Ford the opportunity to deliver a speech to 110,000 in Concord acknowledging the need for a strong national defense tempered with a plea for "reconciliation, not recrimination" and "reconstruction, not rancor" between the United States and those who would pose "threats to peace".[115] Speaking in New Hampshire on the previous day, Ford condemned the growing trend toward big government bureaucracy and argued for a return to "basic American virtues".[116]
Ford (at right) and Jimmy Carter debate
.Democratic nominee and former Georgia governor Jimmy Carter campaigned as an outsider and reformer, gaining support from voters dismayed by the Watergate scandal and Nixon pardon.^ Hell, even Ted Kennedy and Jimmy Carter praised Ford and his decision to pardon Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Your cynicism sounds to me like it was shaped in part by the aftermath of Watergate and Ford's pardoning Nixon.
  • Gerald Ford Passes Away | MetaFilter 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In awarding President Ford the honor, Carline Kennedy said, ” “As President, he made a controversial decision of conscience to pardon former president Nixon and end the national trauma of Watergate.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.After the Democratic National Convention, he held a huge 33-point lead over Ford in the polls.^ Democratic National Convention (33) .
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ To President Ford ‑ Summary of Pre‑Convention Poll on Potential Vice Presidential Choices .

.However, as the campaign continued, the race tightened, and, by election day, the polls showed the race as too close to call.^ However, he was, at times, called on for informal campaign advice.

^ During the 1968 presidential election, the research firm Opinion Research Corporation (ORC) coordinated activities of the polling firms during the campaign, but Teeter and MOR contributed many of the surveys.

There were three main events in the fall campaign. .Most importantly, Carter repeated a promise of a "blanket pardon" for Christian and other religious refugees and other opponents of the Vietnam War draft dodgers (Ford had only issued a conditional amnesty) in response to a question on the subject posed by a reporter during the presidential debates, an act which froze Ford's poll numbers in Ohio, Wisconsin, Hawaii, and Mississippi.^ Thanks to Episcopalian minister Robert G. Certain, the late President Gerald Ford weighed in posthumously on the debate between gays and the Episcopal Church , and gays and Christianity in general.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ In my opinion Ford didn’t have the balls or fortitude of Clinton and Carter because he kept silent on an issue he disagreed with and thought was bad for America.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Carter was right and some of the most profound problems we face today would be non-issues if we had gone Carter’s way.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

(Ford had needed only to shift 11,000 votes in two of those four states in order to win.) Americans viewed the pardon as an essential moral act and as the true end to a bitterly hated war. .It was the first act signed by Carter, on January 20, 1977. Earlier, Playboy magazine had published a controversial interview with Carter; in the interview Carter admitted to having "lusted in his heart" for women other than his wife, which cut into his support among women and evangelical Christians.^ The other former president has a wife whom he and she plan to become the first woman president.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Statement on Signing the Department of Defense Appropriation Authorization Act, 1977.

^ Remarks Upon Signing the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1977 .

.Also, on September 24, Ford performed well in what was the first televised presidential debate since 1960.^ He plotted a summary of voters reactions to videotapes of the debate, allowing the presidential advisers to judge Fords substantive comments and delivery, and adjust his performance accordingly.

Polls taken after the debate showed that most viewers felt that Ford was the winner. .Carter was also hurt by Ford's charges that he lacked the necessary experience to be an effective national leader, and that Carter was vague on many issues.^ The telephone surveys of a random proportional sample of prospective voters tested attitudes toward Ford and Carter on personality and national issues.

.Presidential debates were reintroduced for the first time since the 1960 election.^ VHS video tapes of campaign advertisements, public opinion focus groups, and candidate debate reactions and advertising test for selected presidential, congressional, and gubernatorial elections.

While Ford was seen as the winner of the first debate, during the second debate he startlingly blundered when he stated, "There is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe and there never will be under a Ford Administration." Ford also said that he did not "believe that the Poles consider themselves dominated by the Soviet Union".[117] In an interview years later, Ford said he had intended to imply that the Soviets would never crush the spirits of eastern Europeans seeking independence. However, the phrasing was so awkward that questioner Max Frankel was visibly incredulous at the response.[118] .As a result of this blunder, and Carter's promise of a full presidential pardon for political refugees from the Vietnam era during the presidential debates, Ford's surge stalled and Carter was able to maintain a slight lead in the polls.^ The first donation of Teeter papers primarily documents his survey research activity during the 1972 presidential campaign and national polling efforts leading up to and during the 1976 presidential campaign.

^ Teeter also played a key role in preparing President Ford for his three debates with Jimmy Carter.

^ He plotted a summary of voters reactions to videotapes of the debate, allowing the presidential advisers to judge Fords substantive comments and delivery, and adjust his performance accordingly.

.In the end, Carter won the election, receiving 50.1% of the popular vote and 297 electoral votes compared with 48.0% and 240 electoral votes for Ford.^ Post-Election Recontact Study: Comparative Findings and Analysis of Voting Behavior (Congressional Districts), January 1985 (prepared for National Republican Congressional Committee) .

.The election was close enough that had fewer than 25,000 votes shifted in Ohio and Wisconsin – both of which neighbored his home state – Ford would have won the electoral vote.^ Had Nixon been impeached, then resigned before the trial, could Ford have pardoned him prior to trial, or would the House impeachment vote have sufficed to preclude a pardon.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ So if the vote went forward and the vote for impeachment passed, Ford’s pardon would have been an unconstitutional option.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Until he was removed by the Senate he would still have been president, and nothing Ford could have done as Vice President would have stopped that (unless the Senate vote resulted in a tie.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[119] .Though he lost, in the three months between the Republican National Convention and the election Ford managed to close what was once a 34-point Carter lead to a 2-point margin.^ Teeter participated in the senior management of seven Republican presidential campaigns, from Richard M. Nixon in 1968 to the George H. W. Bush re-election bid in 1992, of which he was national chairman.

^ Surveys conducted immediately following the 1974 mid-term elections measured significant shifting perceptions of the Republican Party and President Ford.

^ July 12, 1990 - Republican National Convention - Chicago Speech .

.In fact, the Gallup poll the day before the election showed Ford held a statistically insignificant 1-point advantage over Carter.^ Ford's later pardon of Nixon is widely thought to have cost him the 1976 election to Jimmy Carter.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ If Gerald Ford healed, reconciled, and restored confidence then why did people show their gratitude by voting for Carter???
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ It was used to illustrate the fact that TP has been showing up ~ 10:30 – 2:00 these past few days.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[120]

Post-presidential years, 1977–2006

Activity

The Nixon pardon controversy eventually subsided. Ford's successor, Jimmy Carter, opened his 1977 inaugural address by praising the outgoing President, saying, "For myself and for our Nation, I want to thank my predecessor for all he has done to heal our land."[121]
.Ford remained relatively active in the years after his presidency and continued to make appearances at events of historical and ceremonial significance to the nation, such as presidential inaugurals and memorial services.^ All I’ve heard for the last 26 years has been how Reagan healed the nation after a decade that gave us the Vietnam War, Watergate, and the resignation of a president.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Making use of new computerized technology, he provided President Fords advisers with instantaneous reactions to the debates.

^ Remarks at an Unveiling Ceremony at the George Washington Masonic National Memorial, Alexandria, Virginia.

.In 1977, he reluctantly agreed to be interviewed by James M. Naughton, a New York Times journalist who was given the assignment to write the former President's advance obituary, an article that would be updated prior to its eventual publication.^ Wayne, ….Even if the House had voted for Articles of Impeachment, Nixon still would have been President.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Bush may have clamped down on the information given to former presidents in their CIA briefings, but consider this: .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ This donation also contains a series of Robert Teeters speeches and interviews that are an excellent source to identify Teeters thoughts about politics, particular campaigns, issues, voting behavior, demographics, and public opinion at a given time.

[122] In 1979, Ford published his autobiography, A Time to Heal (Harper/Reader's Digest, 454 pages). A review in Foreign Affairs described it as, "Serene, unruffled, unpretentious, like the author. This is the shortest and most honest of recent presidential memoirs, but there are no surprises, no deep probings of motives or events. .No more here than meets the eye."^ His suppositions were no more valid than yours or mine.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[123]
.During the term of office of his successor, Jimmy Carter, Ford received monthly briefs by President Carter’s senior staff on international and domestic issues, and was always invited to lunch at the White House whenever he was in Washington, D.C. Their close friendship developed after Carter had left office, with the catalyst being their trip together to the funeral of Anwar el-Sadat in 1981.[124] Until Ford's death, Carter and his wife, Rosalynn, visited the Fords' home frequently.^ Memoranda from Teeter to White House and President Ford Committee staff members.

^ But a member of the Senate, no matter how senior, does not have the advantages and access that a former president has once he leaves office.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ In my opinion Ford didn’t have the balls or fortitude of Clinton and Carter because he kept silent on an issue he disagreed with and thought was bad for America.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[125] .In 2001, Ford and Carter served as honorary co-chairs of the National Commission on Federal Election Reform.^ The telephone surveys of a random proportional sample of prospective voters tested attitudes toward Ford and Carter on personality and national issues.

.Like Presidents Carter, George H.W. Bush, and Clinton, Ford was an honorary co-chair of the Council for Excellence in Government, a group dedicated to excellence in government performance and which provides leadership training to top federal employees.^ Carter and Clinton did it after their presidency.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ While Ford will join the ranks of other dignified and classy presidents, like James Buchanan, John Tyler, and Franklin Pierce.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Topics include school performance, accountability, funding, parental involvement, the role of federal and state governments in education, standardized testing, teacher training and retention, costs for higher education, student aid programs, the No Child Left Behind Act, and other aspects of President George W. Bushs education plan.

.After securing the Republican nomination in 1980, Ronald Reagan considered his former rival Ford as a potential vice-presidential running mate, but negotiations between the Reagan and Ford camps at the Republican National Convention were unsuccessful.^ During the 1980 presidential campaign, Teeter worked with George H.W. Bush in his attempt to secure the Republican presidential nomination.

^ Technically,you could have a vice president elected different from the presidential candidate’s running mate.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ After it became apparent that Ronald Reagan would have the nomination, Teeter worked with Reagan and James A. Baker to help secure the Vice Presidential nomination for Bush.

.Ford conditioned his acceptance on Reagan's agreement to an unprecedented "co-presidency",[126] giving Ford the power to control key executive branch appointments (such as Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State and Alan Greenspan as Treasury Secretary).^ Thus, as the head of the executive branch, the President generally is acknowledged to be “the owner” of national intelligence.” .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Market Opinion Research Co., Detroit (1973‑79, Executive Vice President; 1979-87 President) .

^ Thus, as the head of the executive branch, the President generally is acknowledged to be “the owner” of national intelligence.” .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.After rejecting these terms, Reagan offered the vice-presidential nomination instead to George H.W. Bush.^ After it became apparent that Ronald Reagan would have the nomination, Teeter worked with Reagan and James A. Baker to help secure the Vice Presidential nomination for Bush.

^ A significant portion of the publications relate to George H.W. Bush and the 1988 and 1992 Presidential campaigns.

^ For example, during the 2000 election, Teeter informally advised George W. Bush in his search for a Vice Presidential running mate.

[127]
.After his presidency, Ford joined the American Enterprise Institute as a distinguished fellow.^ While Ford will join the ranks of other dignified and classy presidents, like James Buchanan, John Tyler, and Franklin Pierce.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Sworn in just minutes after Richard Nixon was airlifted into exile, Ford told the country, "My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Remarks at a Reception for Members of the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

He founded the annual AEI World Forum in 1982. Ford was awarded an honorary doctorate at Central Connecticut State University[128] on March 23, 1988.
.In 1977, he established the Gerald R. Ford Institute of Public Policy at Albion College in Albion, Michigan, to give undergraduates training in public policy.^ Ford covered for the party and never said one thing in public that might conflict with the cheney/rove/bush policy or decisions.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Remarks at a Reception for Members of the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

^ Remarks at Dedication Ceremonies for the Gerald R. Ford Health and Physical Education Building at Grand Rapids Junior College.

.In April 1981, he opened the Gerald R. Ford Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan, on the north campus of his alma mater, the University of Michigan,[129] followed in September by the Gerald R. Ford Museum in Grand Rapids.^ November 20, 1994 - Ann Arbor Economic Dinner Group - Michigan .

^ If you want to stay close to Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, here you can compare the distance to each hotel.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ December 12, 1990 - Persian Gulf - Pioneer High School - Ann Arbor, Michigan .

[130] .In 1999, Ford was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Bill Clinton.^ Gallup Presidential Polls: Approval - Franklin D. Roosevelt through Bill Clinton (1)-(2) .

[131] .In 2001, he was presented with the John F. Kennedy Profiles in Courage Award for his decision to pardon Richard Nixon to stop the agony America was experiencing over Watergate.^ A Michigan congressman who first gained fame for whitewashing the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Ford was seen as a kindly, sane figure who would take care of matters after Richard Nixon’s spectacular fall.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Proclamation 4311 - Granting Pardon to Richard Nixon .

^ In awarding President Ford the honor, Carline Kennedy said, ” “As President, he made a controversial decision of conscience to pardon former president Nixon and end the national trauma of Watergate.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[132] .In retirement Ford also devoted much time to his love of golf, often playing both privately and in public events with comedian Bob Hope, a longtime friend.^ Well, here we are again….I stated the other day I hoped they would not do like they did with regan and go on for day’s with pomp and ceramony used for pope’s and king’s and ofcourse they are doing just that….Ford was in office 28 month’s and I am sure loved by friends and relatives, not so much by the enlightened public….He did not do anything great after his presidency, except golf if my memory serves me…..I am on burn out to all this.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ But time has a way of clarifying past events, and now we see that President Ford was right.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ This is yet another Bob Woodward interview that was held back from the public, ‘embargoed’ (his word) until after Ford’s death.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

Two men in suits are flanked by two women in formal dresses, standing beside a large birthday cake with lit candles and flowers. The cake is decorated with the text "Happy 90th Birthday President Ford".
Ford at his 90th birthday with Laura Bush, President George W. Bush, and Betty Ford in the White House State Dining Room in 2003
.In October 2001, Ford broke with conservative members of the Republican party by stating that gay and lesbian couples "ought to be treated equally.^ Surveys conducted immediately following the 1974 mid-term elections measured significant shifting perceptions of the Republican Party and President Ford.

^ This action again shows that Ford put the Republican party’s needs ahead of those of the country.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ In addition to his work in the United States, Teeter also conducted research in Canada for the Progressive Conservative Party during the 1970s and 1980s (this work is not represented in the Teeter Papers).

Period." .He became the highest ranking Republican to embrace full equality for gays and lesbians, stating his belief that there should be a federal amendment outlawing anti-gay job discrimination and expressing his hope that the Republican Party would reach out to gay and lesbian voters.^ Perhaps for you – as there might not be a Libertarian Party had the Republicans actually punished their own law breaker.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ That would’ve been just a few months before his Republicans were up for re-election, so there was no way he’d do it.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ There is no way that the Clintons didn’t know we were being rushed into that war based on lies – and that once in it would be nearly impossible to get out.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[133] He also was a member of the Republican Unity Coalition, which The New York Times described as "a group of prominent Republicans, including former President Gerald R. Ford, dedicated to making sexual orientation a non-issue in the Republican Party."[134]
.On November 22, 2004, New York Republican Governor George Pataki named Ford and the other living former Presidents (Carter, George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton) as honorary members of the board rebuilding the World Trade Center.^ Carter and Clinton did it after their presidency.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ While Ford will join the ranks of other dignified and classy presidents, like James Buchanan, John Tyler, and Franklin Pierce.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Do you believe that either one of these former presidents just accepted what was being told to them without pressing for more, testing other channels?
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.In a pre-recorded embargoed interview with Bob Woodward of The Washington Post in July 2004, Ford stated that he disagreed "very strongly" with the Bush administration's choice of Iraq's alleged weapons of mass destruction as justification for its decision to invade Iraq, calling it a "big mistake" unrelated to the national security of the United States and indicating that he would not have gone to war had he been President.^ Ford was also the first unelected vice president, chosen by the man he would replace after Spiro Agnew left office in disgrace over tax evasion and money laundering.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Ford told Price he applauds President Bush’s decision to appoint three openly gay officials to his administration.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Executive Order 11919--Delegating authority of the President to concur in designations of Commissioners, United States Parole Commission .

.The details of the interview were not released until after Ford's death, as he requested.^ This is yet another Bob Woodward interview that was held back from the public, ‘embargoed’ (his word) until after Ford’s death.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ But Ford said it was OK to release the info in the book, or upon his death.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ He also wasn’t dead when he had them agree that they would not release it until a future book deal OR his death (Because dead people don’t care about book sales) .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[135][136]

Health problems

.As Ford approached his 90th year, he began to experience health problems associated with old age.^ Gerald Ford was 91 years old when he gave the Woodward interview.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ BTW I understand that Ford’s comments, had they been expressed two years ago, would have caused an old man much distress.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.He suffered two minor strokes at the 2000 Republican National Convention, but made a quick recovery after being admitted to Hahnemann University Hospital.^ July 12, 1990 - Republican National Convention - Chicago Speech .

[137][138] .In January 2006, he spent 11 days at the Eisenhower Medical Center near his residence at Rancho Mirage, California, for treatment of pneumonia.^ Welcome to the Days Inn & Suites Dallas, TX just moments away from the Baylor Regional Medical Center and the Texas Heart Hospital Plano.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ Days Inn and Suites Plano Medical Center/Dallas 19373 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75252 $ 54.01 avg.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ The Days Inn & Suites is centrally located to many Plano and Compare Room Rates Days Inn and Suites Plano Medical Center/Dallas .
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

[139] .On April 23, President George W. Bush visited Ford at his home in Rancho Mirage for a little over an hour.^ Hyatt Place Dallas Garland 5101 North President George Bush Highway, Garland, TX 75040 $ 71.00 avg.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ Almost all surveys contain questions concerning approval ratings for the then-current President (George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton or George W. Bush).

^ President Ford agrees with “the two biggest narcissists: Clinton and Carter” that Bush made a huge mistake and lied to get into a war.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

This was Ford's last public appearance and produced the last known public photos, video footage and voice recording. While vacationing in Vail, Colorado, he was hospitalized for two days in July, 2006 for shortness of breath.[140] On August 15 Ford was admitted to St. Mary's Hospital of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, for testing and evaluation. On August 21, it was reported that he had been fitted with a pacemaker. On August 25, he underwent an angioplasty procedure at the Mayo Clinic, according to a statement from an assistant to Ford. .On August 28, Ford was released from the hospital and returned with his wife Betty to their California home.^ His wife, Betty, issued a brief statement from their home in California: ''My family joins me in sharing the difficult news that Gerald Ford, our beloved husband, father, grandfather and great grandfather has passed away at 93 years of age.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

.On October 13, he was scheduled to attend the dedication of a building of his namesake, the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, but due to poor health and on the advice of his doctors he did not attend.^ I am still trying to figure out, what Harry Reid attending, or not attending has to do with the thread about how Gerald Ford didn’t support the Iraq war.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ If Gerald Ford healed, reconciled, and restored confidence then why did people show their gratitude by voting for Carter???
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Ford covered for the party and never said one thing in public that might conflict with the cheney/rove/bush policy or decisions.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.The previous day, Ford entered the Eisenhower Medical Center for undisclosed tests; he was released on October 16.[141] By November 2006 he was confined to a bed in his study.^ Days Inn and Suites Plano Medical Center/Dallas 19373 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75252 $ 54.01 avg.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ Welcome to the Days Inn & Suites Dallas, TX just moments away from the Baylor Regional Medical Center and the Texas Heart Hospital Plano.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

^ The Days Inn & Suites is centrally located to many Plano and Compare Room Rates Days Inn and Suites Plano Medical Center/Dallas .
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

[142]

Death

.
An arching stone wall is set into a small grass-covered hillside.</span><span class=^ Gerald Ford did not attend the funeral and instead sent family and friends a letter of condolence.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ On topic, my opinion about the death of Gerald Ford is the same I could have about any human being.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Gerald Ford, the 38th president of the United States and the only president to have never been elected, has died at 93 .
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

.The wall is engraved thus: "Lives Committed to God, Country, and Love", with two names engraved underneath, reading "Gerald R. Ford, 1913-2006" and "Elizabeth Bloomer Ford, 1919- ".^ When the country needed healing, reconciliation and restoration of confidence, Gerald Ford provided it.” – Bob Woodward.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ When the country needed healing, reconciliation and restoration of confidence, Gerald Ford provided it.” – Bob Woodward.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ President Ford could still have pardoned Nixon for all crimes commited while in office and thus precluded the possibility of criminal prosecution in the court system.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

Two flowered wreaths are placed beside the names on stands." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/08/1/8/3/32770162319850829.jpg" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" />
President Ford's tomb at his Presidential Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan
.Ford died on December 26, 2006, at his home in Rancho Mirage, California, of arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular disease and diffuse arteriosclerosis.^ December 28th, 2006 at 1:26 pm .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ December 28th, 2006 at 11:26 am .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ December 28th, 2006 at 2:26 pm .
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.His age at the time of his death was 93 years and 165 days, making Ford the longest-lived U.S. President.^ But time has a way of clarifying past events, and now we see that President Ford was right.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Making use of new computerized technology, he provided President Fords advisers with instantaneous reactions to the debates.

[143] .On December 30, 2006, Ford became the 11th U.S. President to lie in state.^ Gerald Ford, the 38th president of the United States and the only president to have never been elected, has died at 93 .
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

.The burial was preceded by a state funeral and memorial services held at the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C., on January 2, 2007. After the service, Ford was interred at his Presidential Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan.^ Following the 1988 election, Teeter was co-director of the Office for Presidential Transition, and he and Lukens remained in Washington, DC through January 1989.

^ Remarks at an Unveiling Ceremony at the George Washington Masonic National Memorial, Alexandria, Virginia.

^ Remarks on Arrival at Grand Rapids, Michigan .

[144]
.Ford died on the 34th anniversary of President Harry Truman's death, thus becoming the second U.S. President to die on Boxing Day.^ However, your insistence that your “opposition” to the Iraq war not be made public until after your death displays a cowardice that is becoming all too familiar with recent republican presidents.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ President Ford could still have pardoned Nixon for all crimes commited while in office and thus precluded the possibility of criminal prosecution in the court system.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Ford was only in office for 895 days, but lived longer than any U.S. president.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

He was the last surviving member of the Warren Commission.[145]

Longevity

A man in a suit is standing next to an older man and woman in casual attire. The trio stands in front of a yellow house.
President George W. Bush with Ford and his wife Betty on April 23, 2006. This is the last known public photo of Gerald Ford.
.Ford was the longest-lived U.S. President, his lifespan being 45 days longer than Ronald Reagan's.^ Ford was only in office for 895 days, but lived longer than any U.S. president.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Funny…up until Ford’s death, I could have sworn it was Ronald Reagan that provided those things.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.He was the third-longest-lived Vice President, falling short only of John Nance Garner, 98, and Levi P. Morton, 96. Ford had the second-longest post-presidency (29 years and 11 months) after Herbert Hoover (31 years and 7 months).^ It is only upon a trial and conviction in the Senate that Nixon would have been removed from ofice and Ford become president.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ One of them (Bush 41) is not only a former president, but the former head of the CIA. A beloved head of the CIA, the man whose son (the current president) is feeding them to the wolves for 9/11.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Ford sort of respected the tradition of former presidents not second-guessing a sitting president while in office (should have said not to publish until Bush was out of office).
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.At 29 months and 11 days, Ford's tenure in office was the least time of any 20th century President.^ But time has a way of clarifying past events, and now we see that President Ford was right.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ President Ford could still have pardoned Nixon for all crimes commited while in office and thus precluded the possibility of criminal prosecution in the court system.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Gerald Ford was a caretaker president, whose job was to fill in the office after Nixon was forced to resign, then in 1976 the voters rejected him to elect Jimmy Carter.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

On November 12, 2006, upon surpassing Ronald Reagan's lifespan, Ford released his last public statement:
.The length of one’s days matters less than the love of one’s family and friends.^ The La Quinta Inn Dallas - Uptown is located by the popular Uptown/West Village area and less than three miles north of downtown Dallas and no more than one mile east of Love Field airport.
  • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

.I thank God for the gift of every sunrise and, even more, for all the years He has blessed me with Betty and the children; with our extended family and the friends of a lifetime.^ The power of the President, in respect to pardons, would extend to all cases, EXCEPT THOSE OF IMPEACHMENT. The governor of New York may pardon in all cases, even in those of impeachment, except for treason and murder.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ The more I’ve been learning about just how different our government was to be from every other government attempted in human history, the more I admire them.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ I prefer protecting our freedoms and lifestyle and reducing our exposure to terrorism, even if makes it more difficult to elicit sympathetic feelings from others.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

That includes countless Americans who, in recent months, have remembered me in their prayers. Your kindness touches me deeply. May God bless you all and may God bless America.[146]

Public image

.Ford was the only president never elected to be either president or vice-president.^ It is only upon a trial and conviction in the Senate that Nixon would have been removed from ofice and Ford become president.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Until he was removed by the Senate he would still have been president, and nothing Ford could have done as Vice President would have stopped that (unless the Senate vote resulted in a tie.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Technically,you could have a vice president elected different from the presidential candidate’s running mate.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.The choice of Ford to fulfill Agnew's vacated role as vice president was based on his reputation for openness and honesty.^ Ford was also the first unelected vice president, chosen by the man he would replace after Spiro Agnew left office in disgrace over tax evasion and money laundering.
  • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Teeter also played a key role in preparing President Ford for his three debates with Jimmy Carter.

^ Since the Chief Justice of the United States presides over the Senate trial, I believe the Vice President would have no role in a Senate trial.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[147] "In all the years I sat in the House, I never knew Mr Ford to make a dishonest statement nor a statement part-true and part-false. He never attempted to shade a statement, and I never heard him utter an unkind word," said Martha Griffiths.[148]
.The trust the American people had in him was severely and rapidly tarnished by his pardon of Nixon.^ Had Nixon been impeached, then resigned before the trial, could Ford have pardoned him prior to trial, or would the House impeachment vote have sufficed to preclude a pardon.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Ford's later pardon of Nixon is widely thought to have cost him the 1976 election to Jimmy Carter.
  • Former President Gerald Ford is Dead at 93 - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Ford pardoned Nixon so as to protect the American people from the unpleasant truths that would have been exposed during Nixon’s criminal trials.
  • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[148] .Nonetheless, many grant in hindsight that he had respectably discharged with considerable dignity a great responsibility that he had not sought,[148] and that his pardon, though deeply unpopular at the time, was probably the best way to heal the country.^ American religious teams work to get help to those who are suffering, as officials from many countries plan ways to help Haiti rebuild for the long term.
  • Gerald R. Ford | Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

His subsequent loss to Carter in 1976 has come to be seen as an honorable sacrifice he made for the nation.[147]
In spite of his athletic record and remarkable career accomplishments, Ford acquired a reputation as a clumsy, likable and simple-minded Everyman. An incident in 1975 when he tripped while exiting the presidential jet in Austria, was famously and repetitively parodied by Chevy Chase, cementing Ford's image as a klutz.[148][149][150] Pieces of Ford's common Everyman image have also been attributed to Ford's inevitable comparison to Nixon, as well as his perceived Midwestern stodginess and self-deprecation.[147] Ridicule often extended to supposed intellectual limitations, with Lyndon Johnson once joking, "He's a nice fellow but he spent too much time playing football without a helmet."[148]

Named after Gerald Ford

.
  • Gerald R. Ford Freeway (Nebraska)
  • Gerald R. Ford Freeway (Michigan)
  • Gerald Ford Memorial Highway, I-70 in Eagle County Colorado
  • Gerald R. Ford International Airport in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Gerald R. Ford Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Gerald R. Ford Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan
  • Gerald R. Ford Institute of Public Policy, Albion College
  • USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78)
  • Gerald R. Ford Elementary School, Indian Wells, California
  • Gerald Ford Boys and Girls Club, La Quinta, California
  • Gerald R. Ford Council, Boy Scouts of America The council where he was awarded the rank of Eagle Scout.^ Our convenient highway location allows easy access to attractions Compare Room Rates La Quinta Inn AND Suites DFW Airport South .
    • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Centrally located in Irving between Dallas and Fort Worth, convenient highway access put Compare Room Rates La Quinta Inn AND Suites Dallas DFW Airport North .
    • Reserve Hotels near Gerald Ford Stadium - Southern Methodist University in Dallas 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.shdweb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Remarks to Participants in the National Explorer Presidents' Congress of the Boy Scouts of America.

    (Includes the following Michigan Counties: Allegan, Barry, Ionia, Kent, Lake, Mason, Mecosta, Montcalm, Muskegon, Newago, and Oceana). Council Headquarters is located in Walker, Michigan.[151]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ James M. Naughton, Adam Clymer (December 27, 2006). "Gerald Ford, 38th President, Dies at 93". The New York times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/27/washington/27webford.html?_r=1&hp&ex=1167282000&en=8487. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  2. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 14. ISBN 0465041957. 
  3. ^ a b George Lenczowski (1990). American Presidents, and the Middle East. Duke University Press. pp. 142–143. ISBN 0822309726. 
  4. ^ Young, Jeff C. (1997). The Fathers of American Presidents. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co.. ISBN 0-7864-0182-6. 
  5. ^ a b Funk, Josh (2006-12-27). "Nebraska-born Ford Left State as Infant". Associated Press. Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/wires/2006Dec27/0,4670,FordNebraska,00.html. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  6. ^ Cannon, James. "Gerald R. Ford". Character Above All. Public Broadcasting System. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/character/essays/ford.html. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  7. ^ "Gerald R. Ford Genealogical Information". Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library & Museum. University of Texas. http://www.ford.utexas.edu/grf/genealog.asp. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  8. ^ ""A Common Man on an Uncommon Climb"". The New York Times: p. 28. August 19, 1976. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=2&res=F10F10FF3E5D14768FDDA00994D0405B868BF1D3. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Kunhardt, Jr., Phillip (1999). Gerald R. Ford "Healing the Nation". New York: Riverhead Books. pp. 79–85. http://www.americanpresident.org/history/geraldford/biography/resources/ArticlesCopy1/KunhardtFordBio.article.shtml. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  10. ^ a b Townley, Alvin (2007). Legacy of Honor: The Values and Influence of America's Eagle Scouts. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 12–13 and 87. ISBN 0-312-36653-1. http://us.macmillan.com/legacyofhonor. Retrieved 2006-12-29. 
  11. ^ Ray, Mark (2007). "Eagle Scout Welcome Gerald Ford Home". Scouting Magazine. Boy Scouts of America. http://www.scoutingmagazine.org/issues/0703/a-ford.html. Retrieved 2007-03-05. 
  12. ^ Wertheimer, Linda (December 27, 2006). "Special Report: Former President Gerald Ford Dies; Sought to Heal Nation Disillusioned by Watergate Scandal". National Public Radio. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4529638. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  13. ^ Perry, Will (1974). "No Cheers From the Alumni" (PDF). The Wolverines: A Story of Michigan Football. Huntsville, Alabama: The Strode Publishers. pp. 150–152. ISBN 0-87397-055-1. http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/FootballStudies/1999/FS0202h.pdf. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  14. ^ "Ford one of most athletic Presidents". Associated Press via MSNBC. 2006-12-27. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16367165/. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  15. ^ Greene, J.R. (1995). The Presidency of Gerald R. Ford (American Presidency Series). University Press of Kansas. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-7006-0638-2. 
  16. ^ "Clumsy image aside, Ford was Accomplished Athlete". Los Angeles Times. 2006-12-28. http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/bal-sp.ford28dec28,0,6535524.story. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  17. ^ Rozell, Mark J. (October 15, 1992). The Press and the Ford Presidency. University of Michigan Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-472-10350-4. 
  18. ^ Anne E. Kornblut, "Ford Arranged His Funeral to Reflect Himself and Drew in a Former Adversary," The New York Times, December 29, 2006.
  19. ^ "Funeral: Marching Band Plays in His Honor". Eugene Register-Guard. 2007-01-03. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=eIEVAAAAIBAJ&sjid=tfADAAAAIBAJ&pg=5206,309767&dq=michigan+marching+band+ford+funeral. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  20. ^ "Old Tom Morris Award Recipients". Golf Course Superintendents Association of America. http://www.gcsaa.org/cm/contentm/modules/display_dynamic.ahtml?params=MSw3ODEs. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  21. ^ Wendy Wolff (1997). Vice Presidents of the United States 1789-1993. United States Government Printing Office. 
  22. ^ a b c "Timeline of President Ford's Life and Career". Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library & Museum. Gerald R. Ford Library. http://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/grf/timeline.asp. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  23. ^ "The U-M Remembers Gerald R. Ford". The University of Michigan. http://www.umich.edu/ford/timeline.html. Retrieved 2007-01-02. 
  24. ^ "Gerald R. Ford Biography". Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library & Museum. Gerald R. Ford Library. http://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/grf/timeline.asp. Retrieved 2007-01-02. 
  25. ^ Doenecke, Justus D. (1990). "In Danger Undaunted: The Anti-Interventionist Movement of 1940–1941 As Revealed in the Papers of the America First Committee (Hoover Archival Documentaries)". Hoover Institution Press. http://www.amazon.com/gp/reader/0817988416/. Retrieved 2006-12-28.  p. 7
  26. ^ a b Naughton, James M.; Adam Clymer (2006-12-26). "Gerald Ford, 38th President, Dies at 93 years and 165 day". The New York Times (Naval Historical Center). http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/27/washington/27webford.html?pagewanted=4. Retrieved 2007-10-19. 
  27. ^ a b Hove, Duane (2003). American Warriors: Five Presidents in the Pacific Theater of World War II. Burd Street Press. ISBN 1-57249-307-0. 
  28. ^ "Gerald R. Ford 1913-2006". SRCalifornia.com (Van Nuys, Calif.: Sons of the Revolution in the State of California). 2006. http://www.srcalifornia.com/Gerald_Ford.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-08. 
  29. ^ The Supreme Council, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction, USA.
  30. ^ "Gerald Ford". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=5485. Retrieved 2007-01-17. 
  31. ^ Howard, Jane (1974-12-08). "The 38th First Lady: Not a Robot At All". The New York Times. 
  32. ^ Winget, Mary Mueller (2007). Gerald R. Ford. Twenty-First Century Books. http://books.google.com/books?id=pzL6X3Dv_SYC&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  33. ^ Kruse, Melissa (2003-01-03). "The Patterson Barn, Grand Rapids, Michigan—Barn razing erases vintage landmark". The Grand Rapids Press: p. D1. http://victorianrevivalbirdhouses.com/barnhistory.html. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  34. ^ Celebrating the life of President Gerald R. Ford on what would have been his 96th birthday, H.R. 409, 111st Congress, 1st Session (2009).
  35. ^ a b c "Gerald R. Ford". Editorial. The New York Times. 2006-12-28. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/character/essays/ford.html. Retrieved 2006-12-29. 
  36. ^ "Gerald R. Ford". The Whitehouse. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/geraldford/. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  37. ^ "Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum". Ford.utexas.edu. http://www.ford.utexas.edu/grf/fordbiop.asp. Retrieved 2009-08-09. 
  38. ^ In 1997 the Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB) released a document that revealed that Ford had altered the first draft of the report to read: "A bullet had entered the base of the back of [Kennedy's] neck slightly to the right of the spine." Some believed that Ford had elevated the location of the wound from its true location in the back to the neck to support the single bullet theory. ("Gerald Ford". Spartacus Schoolnet. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAfordG.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-29. ) The original first draft of the Warren Commission Report stated that a bullet had entered Kennedy's "back at a point slightly above the shoulder and to the right of the spine." Ford replied in an introduction to a new edition of the Warren Commission Report in 2004:
    I have been accused of changing some wording on the Warren Commission Report to favor the lone-assassin conclusion. That is absurd. Here is what the draft said: "A bullet had entered his back at a point slightly above the shoulder and to the right of the spine.” To any reasonable person, “above the shoulder and to the right” sounds very high and way off the side—and that’s what it sounded like to me. That would have given the totally wrong impression. Technically, from a medical perspective, the bullet entered just to the right at the base of the neck, so my recommendation to the other members was to change it to say, “A bullet had entered the back of his neck, slightly to the right of the spine.” After further investigation, we then unanimously agreed that it should read, “A bullet had entered the base of his neck slightly to the right of the spine.” As with any report, there were many clarifications and language changes suggested by several of us.
    Ford's description matched a drawing prepared for the Commission under the direction of Dr. James J. Humes, supervisor of Kennedy's autopsy, who in his testimony to the Commission said three times that the entrance wound was in the "low neck." The Commission was not shown the autopsy photographs.
  39. ^ Ford, Gerald R. (2007). A Presidential Legacy and The Warren Commission. The FlatSigned Press. ISBN 9781934304020. http://books.google.com/books?id=HOCdGQAACAAJ&. 
  40. ^ Newton, Jim (2007). Justice for All: Earl Warren and the Nation He Made. Penguin Group. ISBN 1594482705, 9781594482700. 
  41. ^ Stephens, Joe (August 8, 2008). "Ford Told FBI of Skeptics on Warren Commission". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/07/AR2008080702757.html. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  42. ^ a b "Ford told FBI about panel's doubts on JFK murder". USA Today. 2008-08-09. 
  43. ^ a b c d e f Roger H. Davidson, Susan Webb Hammond, Raymond Smock (1988). Masters of the House: Congressional leadership over two centuries. Westview Press. pp. 267–275. 
  44. ^ Unger, Irwin, 1996: 'The Best of Intentions: the triumphs and failures of the Great Society under Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon': Doubleday, p. 104.
  45. ^ Gray, Paul (2006-12-27). "Gerald Ford: Steady Hand for a Nation in Crisis". Time Magazine. http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1572927,00.html. Retrieved 2009-09-16. 
  46. ^ Ford, Gerald (2001-05-23). "Address by President Gerald R. Ford, May 23, 2001". United States Senate. http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/generic/Leaders_Lecture_Series_Ford.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  47. ^ Jackson, Harold (2006-12-27). "Guardian newspaper obituary". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,,1978937,00.html. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  48. ^ Reeves, Richard (1975). A Ford, not a Lincoln. 
  49. ^ James Midgley, Michelle Livermore (2008). The Handbook of Social Policy. SAGE. p. 162. ISBN 1412950767. 
  50. ^ Hoff, Joan (1995). Nixon Reconsidered. Basic Books. p. 69. ISBN 0465051057. 
  51. ^ "Remarks By President Gerald Ford On Taking the Oath Of Office As President". Watergate.info. 1974. http://watergate.info/ford/ford-swearing-in.shtml. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  52. ^ "Danny Miller: Coming of Age with Gerald Ford". Huffingtonpost.com. 2006-12-27. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/danny-miller/coming-of-age-with-gerald_b_37242.html. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  53. ^ Monday, May. 12, 1975 (1975-05-12). "THE VICE PRESIDENCY: Rocky's Turn to the Right". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,917422,00.html. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  54. ^ Ford, Gerald (1974-09-08). "President Gerald R. Ford's Proclamation 4311, Granting a Pardon to Richard Nixon". Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library & Museum. University of Texas. http://www.ford.utexas.edu/library/speeches/740061.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  55. ^ Ford, Gerald (1974-09-08). "Presidential Proclamation 4311 by President Gerald R. Ford granting a pardon to Richard M. Nixon". Pardon images. University of Maryland. http://narademo.umiacs.umd.edu/cgi-bin/isadg/viewitem.pl?item=100775. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  56. ^ Ford, Gerald (1974-09-08). "Gerald R. Ford Pardoning Richard Nixon". Great Speeches Collection. The History Place. http://www.historyplace.com/speeches/ford.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  57. ^ Bacon, Paul. "The Pardoning President". Public Broadcasting System. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/amerpres/presidents/pres38/pres38_intro.html. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  58. ^ "Carter's Pardon". McNeil/Lehrer Report. Public Broadcasting System. 1977-01-21. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/asia/vietnam/vietnam_1-21-77.html. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  59. ^ a b c Shane, Scott. "For Ford, Pardon Decision Was Always Clear-Cut". The New York Times. p. A1. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/29/washington/29pardon.html. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
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  77. ^ CRS Report RL33305, The Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax of the 1980s: Implications for Current Energy Policy, by Salvatore Lazzari, p. 5.
  78. ^ President Gerald R. Ford's Statement on Signing the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975. Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library, December 2, 1975. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
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  80. ^ a b c Mieczkowski, Yanek (2005). Gerald Ford And The Challenges Of The 1970s. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. p. 284. ISBN 0-8131-2349-6. 
  81. ^ "Trip To China". Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library. University of Texas. http://www.ford.utexas.edu/avproj/china.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  82. ^ "President Gerald R. Ford's Address in Helsinki Before the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe". USA-presidents.info. http://www.usa-presidents.info/speeches/helsinki.html. Retrieved 2007-04-04. 
  83. ^ "About Human Rights Watch". Human Rights Watch. http://www.hrw.org/about/whoweare.html. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  84. ^ "President Ford got Canada into G7". Canadian Broadcasting Company. December 27, 2006. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2006/12/27/ford-canada.html. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  85. ^ Gerald Ford, A Time to Heal, 1979, p.240
  86. ^ Yitzak Rabin, The Rabin Memoirs, ISBN 0-520-20766-1 , p256
  87. ^ Yitzak Rabin, The Rabin Memoirs, ISBN 0-520-20766-1 , p261
  88. ^ George Lenczowsk, American Presidents, and the Middle East, 1990, p.150
  89. ^ Gerald Ford, A Time to Heal, 1979, p.298
  90. ^ Peter Church, ed (2006). A Short History of South-East Asia.. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 193–194. 
  91. ^ a b c Brinkley, Douglas (2007). Gerald R. Ford. .New York, NY: Times Books.^ CBS / New York Times Exit Poll .

    pp. 89–98. ISBN 0-805-06909-7.
     
  92. ^ Karnow, Stanley (1991). Vietnam: A History. Viking. 
  93. ^ "Vietnam's President Thieu resigns". BBC News. 1975-04-21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/21/newsid_2935000/2935347.stm. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  94. ^ Bowman, John S. (1985). The Vietnam War: An Almanac. Pharos Books. p. 434. ISBN 0-911818-85-5. 
  95. ^ "Legislation from 1961-1980; United States Citizenship and Immigration Services" (PDF). United Stated Department of Homeland Security. http://www.uscis.gov/files/nativedocuments/Legislation%20from%201961-1980.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  96. ^ Gawthorpe, A. J. 'The Ford Administration and Security Policy in the Asia-Pacific after the Fall of Saigon,' The Historical Journal, vol. 52, no. 3 (2009) pp. 697-716.
  97. ^ "Capture and Release of SS Mayaguez by Khmer Rouge forces in May 1975". United States Merchant Marine. 2000. http://www.usmm.org/mayaguez.html. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  98. ^ Gerald R. Ford, A Time to Heal, p. 284
  99. ^ Cécile Menétray-Monchau, 'The Mayaguez Incident as an Epilogue to the Vietnam War and its Reflection on the Post-Vietnam Political Equilibrium in Southeast Asia', Cold War History (August 2005), p. 346.
  100. ^ Gawthorpe, 'The Ford Administration and Security Policy', pp. 707 - 709.
  101. ^ Don Oberdorfer, The two Koreas: a contemporary history (New York, NY, 2001), pp. 47–83.
  102. ^ Gawthorpe, 'The Ford Administration and Security Policy', p. 711.
  103. ^ Gawthorpe, 'The Ford Administration and Security Policy', pp. 710 - 714.
  104. ^ Election Is Crunch Time for U.S. Secret Service. National Geographic News. Retrieved on 2008-03-02.
  105. ^ McLaren, Janet (2005-06-26). "'Squeaky' up for parole". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/front/story/322697p-275745c.html. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  106. ^ United States Secret Service. "Public Report of the White House Security Review". United States Department of the Treasury. http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/ustreas/usss/t1pubrpt.html. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  107. ^ Lee, Vic (2007-01-02). "Interview: Woman Who Tried To Assassinate Ford". ABC-7 News. KGO-TV. http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=local&id=4900159. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  108. ^ "John Paul Stevens". OYEZ. http://www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/101/biography. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  109. ^ Levenick, Christopher (2005-09-25). "The Conservative Persuasion". The Daily Standard. http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/006/135jlkrj.asp. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  110. ^ Letter from Gerald Ford to Michael Treanor (PDF). Fordham University, 2005-09-21 Retrieved on 2008-03-02.
  111. ^ Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  112. ^ Another Loss For the Gipper. Time, March 29, 1976. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  113. ^ VH1 News Presents: Politics: A Pop Culture History Premiering Wednesday, October 20 at 10:00 p.m. (ET/PT). PRNewswire October 19, 2004. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  114. ^ Election of 1976: A Political Outsider Prevails. C-SPAN. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  115. ^ Shabecoff, Philip. "160,000 Mark Two 1775 Battles; Concord Protesters Jeer Ford -- Reconciliation Plea." New York Times, April 20, 1975, p. 1.
  116. ^ Shabecoff, Philip. "Ford, on Bicentennial Trip, Bids U.S. Heed Old Values." New York Times, April 19, 1975, p. 1.
  117. ^ Election 2000: 1976 Presidential Debates. CNN (2001). Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  118. ^ Lehrer, Jim (2000). "1976:No Audio and No Soviet Domination". Debating Our Destiny. PBS. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/debatingourdestiny/dod/1976-broadcast.html. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  119. ^ Presidential Election 1976 States Carried. multied.com. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  120. ^ "Americans On - Gerald Ford". Hear The Issues. Gallup Poll. http://www.heartheissues.com/americanson-geraldford-200612-g.html. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  121. ^ "Jimmy Carter". U.S. Inaugural Addresses. Bartleby.com. 1977-01-20. http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres60.html. Retrieved 2009-08-14. 
  122. ^ Naughton, James M (2006-12-27). "The Real Jerry Ford". PoynterOnline. http://www.poynter.org/content/content_view.asp?id=115796. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  123. ^ Smith, Gaddis (1979). "A Time to Heal". Foreign Affairs. Council on Foreign Relations. http://www.foreignaffairs.org/19790901fabook14015/gerald-r-ford/a-time-to-heal.html. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  124. ^ Kornblut, Anne (2006-12-29). "Ford Arranged His Funeral to Reflect Himself and Drew in a Former Adversary". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/29/washington/29funeral.html?ex=1325048400&en=44d6cd10bbdba342&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss. Retrieved 2007-04-04. 
  125. ^ Updegrove, Mark K. "Flying Coach to Cairo". AmericanHeritage.com (August/September 2006). Retrieved on December 31, 2006. "Certainly few observers in January 1977 would have predicted that Jimmy and I would become the closest of friends," Ford said in 2000.
  126. ^ Thomas, Evan (2007). "The 38th President: More Than Met the Eye". Newsweek National News. http://www.newsweek.com/id/56688. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  127. ^ Allen, Richard V. How the Bush Dynasty Almost Wasn't. Hoover Institution, reprinted from the New York Times Magazine, July 30, 2000. Retrieved on December 31, 2006.
  128. ^ Whipple, Scott (2005-10-18). "A $3m gift". The New Britain Herald. http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=15404901&BRD=1641&PAG=461&dept_id=17739&rfi=6. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  129. ^ Lessenberry, Jack (1981-04-20). "Ford to Formally Unveil His Presidential Library". Toledo Blade. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=MQsVAAAAIBAJ&sjid=mgIEAAAAIBAJ&dq=gerald%20ford%20presidential%20library%201981&pg=3006%2C1433139. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  130. ^ Tucker, Brian (1981-09-18). "Reagan Praises Ford at Opening of Museum". Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/specials/gerald_ford/articles/ford_museum_opens/. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  131. ^ "Politicians Who Received the Medal of Freedom". The Political Graveyard. http://politicalgraveyard.com/special/medal-of-freedom.html. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  132. ^ "Gerald Ford". John F. Kennedy Library Foundation. 2001. http://www.jfklibrary.org/Education+and+Public+Programs/Profile+in+Courage+Award/Award+Recipients/Gerald+Ford/. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  133. ^ Price, Deb. Gerald Ford: Treat gay couples equally. The Detroit News, October 29, 2001. Retrieved on December 28, 2006
  134. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay. "Vocal Gay Republicans Upsetting Conservatives," The New York Times, June 1, 2003, p. N26.
  135. ^ Woodward, Bob. "Ford Disagreed With Bush About Invading Iraq". The Washington Post, December 28, 2006. Retrieved on December 28, 2006
  136. ^ Embargoed Interview Reveals Ford Opposed Iraq War. Democracy Now Headlines for December 28, 2006. Retrieved on December 28, 2006
  137. ^ Gerald Ford recovering after strokes. BBC, August 2, 2000. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  138. ^ Hospitalized After Suffering a Stroke, Former President Ford Is Expected to Fully Recover NYTimes, August 3, 2000. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  139. ^ Former President Ford, 92, hospitalized with pneumonia. Associated Press, January 17, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-10-19.
  140. ^ Gerald Ford released from hospital. Associated Press, July 26, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  141. ^ "Former President Gerald Ford Released from Hospital". Fox News. 2006-10-16. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,221379,00.html. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  142. ^ Gerald Ford Dies At Age 93. CNN Transcript December 26, 2006. Retrieved on 2008-03-02.
  143. ^ "US ex-President Gerald Ford dies". BBC News. 2006-12-27. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6211407.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  144. ^ "Ford Is Buried After Thousands in Hometown Pay Respects". New York Times. 2007-01-04. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/04/washington/04ford.html?pagewanted=print. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  145. ^ Stout, David (2007-01-02). "Bush and ex-presidents eulogize Gerald R. Ford". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/02/world/americas/02iht-web.0207ford.4080367.html. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  146. ^ "Ford eclipses Reagan as oldest ex-president". USA Today. 2006-11-12. http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2006-11-10-ford_x.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  147. ^ a b c "Gerald Ford, Betty's Husband". The Phoenix Media/Communications Group. http://thephoenix.com/Boston/News/30916-Gerald-Ford-Bettys-husband/. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  148. ^ a b c d e "Gerald R Ford". independent.co.uk. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/presidents/gerald-r-ford-1451818.html. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  149. ^ Jake, Coyle (2008-09-12). "'SNL' returns with spotlight on prez impersonators". 2009 CBS Interactive Inc. http://www.theinsider.com/news/1185909__SNL_returns_with_spotlight_on_prez_impersonators. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  150. ^ "Chevy Chase recalls Ford as ‘a terrific guy’: ‘SNL’ comedian became famous in the ’70s portraying president as klutz". MSNBC. 2006-12-27. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16370028/. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  151. ^ Gerald R. Ford Council, Boy Scouts of America

References

Primary sources

  • Ford, Gerald R. (1994). Presidential Perspectives from the National Archives. .Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration.^ Researchers interested in further documentation of the 1972 campaign should contact the National Archives Nixon Presidential Materials Project in Washington, DC for information on available holdings.

    ^ Some items are temporarily restricted under terms of the donors deeds of gift, a copy of which is available on request, or under National Archives and Records Administration general restrictions (36 CFR 1256).

    ISBN 1-880875-04-7.
     
  • Ford, Gerald R. (1987). Humor and the Presidency. New York: Arbor House. ISBN 0-87795-918-8. 
  • Ford, Gerald R. (1979). .A Time to Heal: The Autobiography of Gerald R. Ford.^ When the country needed healing, reconciliation and restoration of confidence, Gerald Ford provided it.” – Bob Woodward.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ When the country needed healing, reconciliation and restoration of confidence, Gerald Ford provided it.” – Bob Woodward.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ If Gerald Ford healed, reconciled, and restored confidence then why did people show their gratitude by voting for Carter???
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    New York, NY: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-011297-2.
     
  • Ford, Gerald R. (1973). Selected Speeches. Arlington, Va.: R. W. Beatty. ISBN 0-87948-029-7. 
  • Ford, Gerald R. (1965). Portrait of the assassin (Lee Harvey Oswald). ASIN B0006BMZM4. 
  • Ford, Betty (1978). The Times of My Life. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-011298-0. 
  • Casserly, John J. (1977). .The Ford White House: Diary of a Speechwriter.^ Memoranda from Teeter to White House and President Ford Committee staff members.

    ^ Ford’s pardoning of Nixon allowed the hidden corruption in DC to continue and now has exploded with Bush in the White House.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    Boulder: Colorado Associated University Press. ISBN 0-87081-106-1.
     
  • Coyne, John R. (1979). Fall in and Cheer. Garden City/N.Y.: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-11119-3. 
  • DeFrank, Thomas. (2007). .Write It When I'm Gone: Remarkable Off-the-Record Conversations with Gerald R. Ford.^ Remarks at an Unveiling Ceremony for the Gerald R. Ford Mural in Grand Rapids, Michigan.

    ^ Remarks at Dedication Ceremonies for the Gerald R. Ford Health and Physical Education Building at Grand Rapids Junior College.

    New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. ISBN 0-399-15450-7.
     
  • Gergen, David. (2000). Eyewitness to Power: The Essence of Leadership. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-82663-1. , by speechwriter
  • Hartmann, Robert T. (1980). Palace Politics: An Insider's Account of the Ford Years. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-026951-3. , by chief of staff
  • Hersey, John (1980). .Aspects of the Presidency: Truman and Ford in Office (The President: A Minute-by-Minute Account of a Week in the Life of Gerald Ford).^ Ford sort of respected the tradition of former presidents not second-guessing a sitting president while in office (should have said not to publish until Bush was out of office).
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ I don’t think, if I had been president, on the basis of the facts as I saw them publicly,” Gerald Ford – - .
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ President Ford could still have pardoned Nixon for all crimes commited while in office and thus precluded the possibility of criminal prosecution in the court system.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    New Haven: Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 0-89919-012-X.
     
  • Kissinger, Henry A. (1999). Years of Renewal. New York: Touchstone. ISBN 0-684-85572-0.  by Secretary of State
  • Thompson, Kenneth (ed.) (1980). .The Ford Presidency: Twenty-Two Intimate Perspectives of Gerald Ford.^ President Ford agrees with “the two biggest narcissists: Clinton and Carter” that Bush made a huge mistake and lied to get into a war.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ If Woodward’s statement had the least bit of truth to it, then why didn’t Gerald Ford win the presidency in 1976 in a landslide???
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ I don’t think, if I had been president, on the basis of the facts as I saw them publicly,” Gerald Ford – - .
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    Lanham: University Press of America. ISBN 0-8191-6960-9.
     

Secondary sources

  • Brinkley, Douglas (2007). Gerald R. Ford. .New York, NY: Times Books.^ CBS / New York Times Exit Poll .

    ISBN 0-805-06909-7.
      full-scale biography
  • Cannon, James (1993). Time and Chance: Gerald R. Ford's Appointment with History. .Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.^ Died, Ann Arbor, Michigan .

    ^ November 20, 1994 - Ann Arbor Economic Dinner Group - Michigan .

    ^ December 12, 1990 - Persian Gulf - Pioneer High School - Ann Arbor, Michigan .

    ISBN 0-472-08482-8.
      full-scale biography
  • Conley, Richard S. "Presidential Influence and Minority Party Liaison on Veto Overrides: New Evidence from the Ford Presidency." American Politics Research 2002 30(1): 34–65. Issn: 1532-673x Fulltext: in Swetswise
  • Firestone, Bernard J. and Alexej Ugrinsky (eds) (1992). .Gerald R. Ford and the Politics of Post-Watergate America.^ Posted 1:00 PM EST by on in Episcopal Church , Gay Rights , Gene Robinson , George W. Bush , Gerald Ford , News , Religion , Republican Party .
    • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Posted 1:29 AM EST by on in Gerald Ford , Jimmy Carter , News , Oliver Sipple , Republican Party .
    • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Posted 11:13 AM EST by on in Architecture , Gerald Ford , Michigan , News , Real Estate , Republican Party .
    • Gerald Ford Hub | Gerald Ford Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

    Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-28009-6.
     
  • Greene, John Robert (1992). .The Limits of Power: The Nixon and Ford Administrations.^ And consider that 30 years later we have a runaway administration whose attempts at obtaining unlimited power put Nixon to shame.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press. ISBN 0-253-32637-0.
     
  • Greene, John Robert (1995). .The Presidency of Gerald R. Ford.^ Gerald Ford was a caretaker president, whose job was to fill in the office after Nixon was forced to resign, then in 1976 the voters rejected him to elect Jimmy Carter.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Ford accomplished basically nothing as president, and covered up Nixon’s crimes by pardoning him, so historians will not be kind to Gerald Ford.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ If Woodward’s statement had the least bit of truth to it, then why didn’t Gerald Ford win the presidency in 1976 in a landslide???
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    Lawrence: Univ. Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-0639-4.
     , the major scholarly study
  • Hersey, John Richard. .The President: A Minute-By-Minute Account of a Week in the Life of Gerald Ford.^ I don’t think, if I had been president, on the basis of the facts as I saw them publicly,” Gerald Ford – - .
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ If Woodward’s statement had the least bit of truth to it, then why didn’t Gerald Ford win the presidency in 1976 in a landslide???
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Gerald Ford was a caretaker president, whose job was to fill in the office after Nixon was forced to resign, then in 1976 the voters rejected him to elect Jimmy Carter.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .New York: Alfred A. Knopf.^ Remarks at the Annual Alfred E. Smith Memorial Dinner in New York City.

    .1975.
  • Hult, Karen M. and Walcott, Charles E. Empowering the White House: Governance under Nixon, Ford, and Carter. U. Press of Kansas, 2004.
  • Jespersen, T. Christopher.^ Consider, that Ford lost to Carter, most likely because of his pardon of Nixon, and the gaff at the debate, where he stated eastern europe wasn’t under the control of communist russia.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Had Nixon been impeached, then resigned before the trial, could Ford have pardoned him prior to trial, or would the House impeachment vote have sufficed to preclude a pardon.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Had the full House voted for Impeachment, Ford could not have pardoned Nixon.
    • Think Progress » Gerald Ford opposed the Iraq war. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    "Kissinger, Ford, and Congress: the Very Bitter End in Vietnam." Pacific Historical Review 2002 71(3): 439–473. Issn: 0030-8684 Fulltext: in University of California; Swetswise; Jstor and Ebsco
  • Jespersen, T. Christopher. ."The Bitter End and the Lost Chance in Vietnam: Congress, the Ford Administration, and the Battle over Vietnam, 1975–76." Diplomatic History 2000 24(2): 265–293. Issn: 0145-2096 Fulltext: in Swetswise, Ingenta, Ebsco
  • Maynard, Christopher A. "Manufacturing Voter Confidence: a Video Analysis of the American 1976 Presidential and Vice-presidential Debates."^ In addition, the Ford administration portion of the collection supplements extensive holdings on the 1976 campaign already available for research at the Ford Library.

    ^ VHS video tapes of campaign advertisements, public opinion focus groups, and candidate debate reactions and advertising test for selected presidential, congressional, and gubernatorial elections.

    ^ Studies in June 1976 served to assess opinion after the tough Ford-Reagan primary battles and to clarify strategies for the fall campaign.

    Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 1997 17(4): 523–562. Issn: 0143-9685 Fulltext: in Ingenta

External links

Published works

Libraries and museums

Biographies

Multimedia and other

Political offices
Preceded by
Richard Nixon
President of the United States
August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
Succeeded by
Jimmy Carter
Vacant
Title last held by
Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974
Vacant
Title next held by
Nelson Rockefeller
Preceded by
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
France
Chairman of the G7
1976
Succeeded by
James Callaghan
United Kingdom
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Bartel J. Jonkman
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 5th congressional district

January 3, 1949 – December 6, 1973
Succeeded by
Richard F. Vander Veen
Party political offices
Preceded by
Richard Nixon
Republican Party presidential candidate
1976
Succeeded by
Ronald Reagan
Preceded by
Charles A. Halleck
House Minority Leader
1965–1973
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John Jacob Rhodes
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1965–1973
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Charles Hoeven
Chairman of the House Republican Conference
1963–1965
Succeeded by
Melvin Laird
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Ronald Reagan
Oldest U.S. President still living
June 5, 2004 – December 26, 2006
Succeeded by
George H. W. Bush
Preceded by
Rosa Parks
Persons who have lain in state or honor
in the United States Capitol rotunda

December 30, 2006 – January 2, 2007
Most recent

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.
If you have not chosen me by secret ballot, neither have I gained office by any secret promises...
^ If you have not chosen me by secret ballot, neither have I gained office by any secret promises.
  • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • YouTube - Gerald Ford Inauguration 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.youtube.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jump to: navigation , search If you have not chosen me by secret ballot, neither have I gained office by any secret promises...
  • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He said he had neither sought the presidency nor made any "secret promises" to attain it.
  • Gerald R. Ford, 93, Dies 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: News]
  • Gerald R. Ford, 93, Dies 16 September 2009 23:26 UTC www.jonesreport.com [Source type: News]

.I have not subscribed to any partisan platform.^ I have not subscribed to any partisan platform.
  • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

I am indebted to no man, and only to one woman — my dear wife — as I begin this very difficult job.
.Gerald Ford (14 July 191326 December 2006) was the 38th President of the United States.^ Thank you for providing the United States and the world with Gerald Ford.
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ GERALD R. FORD July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006 .
  • The U-M Remembers President Gerald R. Ford 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Gerald Ford, 1913-2006 .

Contents

Sourced

.
  • Too often critics seem more intent on seeking new ways to alter Congress than to truly learn how it functions. They might well profit from the advice of Thomas Huxley, who said a century ago: "Sit down before facts as a little child, be prepared to give up every preconceived notion — or you shall learn nothing."
    • Address at the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (3 November 1966); published in Gerald R. Ford,Selected Speeches (1973) edited by Michael V. Doyle
  • America now is stumbling through the darkness of hatred and divisiveness.^ It's a toss-up if the initial version will be called the Gerald R. Ford or America.
    • Gerald R Ford - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Gerald R Ford - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC politics.kosmix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There was little support for this in the new Congress.
    • Gerald R. Ford, 93, Dies 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: News]
    • Gerald R. Ford, 93, Dies 16 September 2009 23:26 UTC www.jonesreport.com [Source type: News]
    • Gerald R. Ford, 93, Dies; Led in Watergate's Wake - washingtonpost.com 16 September 2009 23:26 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Too often critics seem more intent on seeking new ways to alter Congress than to truly learn how it functions.
    • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Our values, our principles, and our determination to succeed as a free and democratic people will give us a torch to light the way.^ Our values, our principles, and our determination to succeed as a free and democratic people will give us a torch to light the way.
    • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gerald Ford - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Although some dismissed the accords as worthless, some historians now believe they paved the way for later democratic reforms among the Soviet people.
    • Gerald Ford Dies At 93 - Los Angeles Times 3 February 2010 15:52 UTC articles.latimes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Let us give you a Texas-sized welcome to our Courtyard Dallas hotel.