German Grand Prix: Wikis

  
  
  

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Flag of Germany.svg German Grand Prix
Nürburgring
Nürburgring - Grand-Prix Stecke.svg
Race information
Laps 60
Circuit length 5.148 km (3.199 mi)
Race length 308.863 km (191.919 mi)
Number of times held 70
First held 1926
Most wins (drivers) Germany Rudolf Caracciola (6)
Most wins (constructors) Italy Ferrari (19)
Last race (2009):
Pole position Australia Mark Webber
Red Bull-Renault
1:32.230
Podium 1. Australia Mark Webber
Red Bull-Renault
1h 36m 43.310s
(191.598 km/h)
2. Germany Sebastian Vettel
Red Bull-Renault
+9.252s
3. Brazil Felipe Massa
Ferrari
+15.906s
Fastest lap Spain Fernando Alonso
Renault
1:33.365

The German Grand Prix (Großer Preis von Deutschland) is an annual automobile race.

Because Germany was banned from taking part in international events after World War II, the German GP only became part of the Formula One World Championship in 1951. It has been organized by AvD (Automobile Club of Germany) since 1926. The well-known ADAC hosts many other races, one of which has been the second F1 race in Germany at the Nürburgring, held there since 1995.

Contents

History

In 1907, Germany staged the first of the Kaiserpreis races at the Taunus Circuit. Entries were limited to touring cars with engines of less than eight litres. Italy's Felice Nazzaro won the race in a Fiat. Like the Prinz-Heinrich-Fahrt, which was held from 1908 to 1911, it was a precursor to the German Grand Prix.

The first national event in German Grand Prix motor racing was held at the AVUS (Automobil Verkehrs und Übungs-Straße) race circuit in southwestern Berlin in 1926 as a sports car race. The first race at AVUS, in heavy rain, was won by Germany's native son, Rudolf Caracciola in a Mercedes-Benz. The event was marred by Adolf Rosenberger's crash into one of the marshals' huts, killing three people. The German Grand Prix became an official event in 1929, but would not return to AVUS again until 1959, and then only once.

The Grand Prix moved to the new, 28 km (17.4 mi)-long course at Nürburgring, which was inaugurated on June 18, 1927, with the annual race, the ADAC Eifelrennen. It stayed mainly on the 22.8 km (14.2 mi) Nordschleife (North Loop) course until the 1970s, when the rival Hockenheimring would take over owing to safety concerns.

The 1930 and 1933 German Grands Prix were both cancelled because of the country's economic problems.

Starting in 1934, there were often several races each year with the so called "Silver Arrows" Grand Prix cars in Germany, eg. the Eifelrennen, the AVUS race, and several hillclimbs. Yet it was only the Grand Prix at the Nürburgring that was the national Grande Epreuve, which counted toward the European Championship from 1935 to 1939.

After Bernd Rosemeyer and Hans Stuck scored one victory each, Rudolf Caracciola took the German GP in 1937 and again in 1939, a feat no other German driver accomplished between 1937 and 1995, when Michael Schumacher won. During this time, foreigners scored two upset wins: Italian Tazio Nuvolari in 1935 and the British Dick Seaman in 1938.

At that time, a new track had been built near Dresden, called the Deutschlandring, which was intended to host the 1940 German Grand Prix. However, because of the outbreak of World War II, the race was never run.

After WWII, Germany and German drivers were banned from international contests until 1951, so the inaugural F1 Season in 1950 did not include the German GP.

Owing to the decline in attendance after the retirement of Mercedes and Juan Manuel Fangio, the AvD returned the German GP to AVUS in 1959. Owing to the simple layout of this high speed track and several accidents, it was considered a bad move. In anticipation of 1961 rule changes in F1, the 1960 GP was held for Formula 2 cars of Porsche as well as the F2 Ferrari Dino of Wolfgang von Trips, which did not show up. This GP did not count towards the World Championships, and was also held on the shorter 7.7 km (4.8 mi) Nürburgring Südschleife (South Loop).

After the former Formula 2 rules were declared the new Formula 1, Porsche entered Formula 1 in 1961. Additional F1 races were held at their home town Stuttgart at the Solitude circuit. These races, joined together with Grand Prix motorcycle racing World Championship events, drew an average of 288,000 spectators. There were rumours that the German Grand Prix might be moved to the more popular track, yet the opposite happened, as the Solitude races were canceled after 1965, while the GP had returned to the Nürburgring Nordschleife in 1961.

In 1970, drivers asked for safety improvements on such short notice that they could not be made, and the German Grand Prix moved to the Hockenheimring, which had already been modified. After a rebuild, the Nordschleife hosted six more GPs. Formula 1 finally declined to race there after 1976, with Niki Lauda's crash sealing this decision.

Since 1977, the Hockenheimring has become the German Grand Prix's permanent home, with the exception of the event in 1985, which was held on the new 4.5 km (2.8 mi) Nürburgring. In 1984 an additional F1 race already had been held at the Nürburgring following the inauguration of its modern "Grand Prix Strecke" layout. Following the success of Schumacher, this went on to become the venue for a second annual F1 race in Germany, the European Grand Prix or Luxembourg Grand Prix since 1995.

In 2006 it was reported that from 2007 until 2010, the German Grand Prix would be shared between the Nürburgring (former home of the European Grand Prix) and the Hockenheimring. The former would hold the races in 2007 and 2009 and the latter in 2008 and 2010. However, the name for the 2007 Grand Prix was later changed. While it was originally intended to be the German Grand Prix[1], the Nürburgring currently lists the 2007 event as "Großer Preis von Europa" (European Grand Prix).[2]

The 2010 GP, to be held in Hockenheim, is in jeopardy as the track owners, the city and the state of Baden-Württemberg, are not willing anymore to lose money due to the high licensing costs imposed by F1 management. In addition, talks with Bernie Ecclestone were hampered by his Hitler quotes. If the track is relieved from being the venue, the owners intend on returning the track back to its former layout.

Sponsors

Großer Mobil 1 Preis von Deutschland 1987-2006
Großer Preis Santander von Deutschland 2008-

Winners of the German Grand Prix

Repeat winners

Number of wins Driver Achieved
6 Germany Rudolf Caracciola 1926, 1928, 1931, 1932, 1937, 1939
4 Germany Michael Schumacher 1995, 2002, 2004, 2006
3 Italy Alberto Ascari 1950, 1951, 1952
Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1954, 1956, 1957
United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 1968, 1971, 1973
Brazil Nelson Piquet 1981, 1986, 1987
Brazil Ayrton Senna 1988, 1989, 1990
2 United Kingdom Tony Brooks 1958, 1959
United Kingdom John Surtees 1963, 1964
Belgium Jacky Ickx 1969, 1972
United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1991, 1992
France Alain Prost 1984, 1993
Austria Gerhard Berger 1994, 1997

A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

A cream background indicates an event which was part of the pre-war European Championship.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2009 Australia Mark Webber Red Bull-Renault Nürburgring Report
2008 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton McLaren-Mercedes Hockenheimring Report
2007 Cancelled [3]
2006 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Hockenheimring Report
2005 Spain Fernando Alonso Renault Hockenheimring Report
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Hockenheimring Report
2003 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Williams-BMW Hockenheimring Report
2002 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Hockenheimring Report
2001 Germany Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW Hockenheimring Report
2000 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Ferrari Hockenheimring Report
1999 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine Ferrari Hockenheimring Report
1998 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Hockenheimring Report
1997 Austria Gerhard Berger Benetton-Renault Hockenheimring Report
1996 United Kingdom Damon Hill Williams-Renault Hockenheimring Report
1995 Germany Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Hockenheimring Report
1994 Austria Gerhard Berger Ferrari Hockenheimring Report
1993 France Alain Prost Williams-Renault Hockenheimring Report
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Hockenheimring Report
1991 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Hockenheimring Report
1990 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Hockenheimring Report
1989 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Hockenheimring Report
1988 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Hockenheimring Report
1987 Brazil Nelson Piquet Williams-Honda Hockenheimring Report
1986 Brazil Nelson Piquet Williams-Honda Hockenheimring Report
1985 Italy Michele Alboreto Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1984 France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Hockenheimring Report
1983 France René Arnoux Ferrari Hockenheimring Report
1982 France Patrick Tambay Ferrari Hockenheimring Report
1981 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-Ford Hockenheimring Report
1980 France Jacques Laffite Ligier-Ford Hockenheimring Report
1979 Australia Alan Jones Williams-Ford Hockenheimring Report
1978 United States Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Hockenheimring Report
1977 Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari Hockenheimring Report
1976 United Kingdom James Hunt McLaren-Ford Nürburgring Report
1975 Argentina Carlos Reutemann Brabham-Ford Nürburgring Report
1974 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1973 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Nürburgring Report
1972 Belgium Jacky Ickx Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1971 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Nürburgring Report
1970 Austria Jochen Rindt Lotus-Ford Hockenheimring Report
1969 Belgium Jacky Ickx Brabham-Ford Nürburgring Report
1968 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Nürburgring Report
1967 New Zealand Denny Hulme Brabham-Repco Nürburgring Report
1966 Australia Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco Nürburgring Report
1965 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax Nürburgring Report
1964 United Kingdom John Surtees Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1963 United Kingdom John Surtees Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1962 United Kingdom Graham Hill BRM Nürburgring Report
1961 United Kingdom Stirling Moss Lotus-Climax Nürburgring Report
1960 Sweden Joakim Bonnier Porsche Nürburgring Südschleife Report
1959 United Kingdom Tony Brooks Ferrari AVUS Berlin Report
1958 United Kingdom Tony Brooks Vanwall Nürburgring Report
1957 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Maserati Nürburgring Report
1956 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1955 Not held
1954 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes-Benz Nürburgring Report
1953 Italy Giuseppe Farina Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1952 Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1951 Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1950 Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari Nürburgring Report
1949
-
1941
Not held
1940 Cancelled (Deutschlandring)
1939 Germany Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz Nürburgring Report
1938 United Kingdom Richard Seaman Mercedes-Benz Nürburgring Report
1937 Germany Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz Nürburgring Report
1936 Germany Bernd Rosemeyer Auto Union Nürburgring Report
1935 Italy Tazio Nuvolari Alfa Romeo Nürburgring Report
1934 Germany Hans Stuck Auto Union Nürburgring Report
1933 Cancelled
1932 Germany Rudolf Caracciola Alfa Romeo Nürburgring Report
1931 Germany Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz Nürburgring Report
1930 Cancelled
1929 Monaco Louis Chiron Bugatti Nürburgring Report
1928 Germany Rudolf Caracciola
Germany Christian Werner
Mercedes-Benz Nürburgring Report
1927 Germany Otto Merz Mercedes-Benz Nürburgring Report
1926 Germany Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz AVUS Berlin Report

References

  1. ^ "2007 FIA Formula One championship circuit and lap information, published on February 14, 2007". Official FIA press release. http://www.fia.com/mediacentre/Press_Releases/FIA_Sport/2007/February/140207-02.html. Retrieved 2007-04-22.  
  2. ^ "Nürburgring". Official Homepage of the Nürburgring. http://www.nuerburgring.de. Retrieved 2007-04-14.  
  3. ^ Originally to be held at Nürburgring, the title was changed to European Grand Prix owing to a dispute over ownership of the German Grand Prix name. See Autosport: Name row leads to return of European GP

External links

Coordinates: 49°19′55″N 8°34′48″E / 49.332°N 8.580°E / 49.332; 8.580


Simple English

File:Flag of German Grand Prix
Hockenheimring
File:Circuit
Race information
Laps 67
Circuit length 4.574 km (2.842 mi)
Race length 306.458 km (190.424 mi)
Number of times held 71
First held 1926, First F1-1951
Most wins (drivers) [1]Rudolf Caracciola (6)
Most wins (constructors) Ferrari (20)
Last race (2010):
Pole position Sebastian Vettel
Red Bull-Renault
1:13.791
Podium 1. Fernando Alonso
Ferrari
1h 27m 38.864s
(209.788 km/h)
2. Felipe Massa
Ferrari
+4.196s
3. Sebastian Vettel
Red Bull-Renault
+5.121s
Fastest lap Fernando Alonso
Ferrari
1:15.824

Contents

Winners

Multiple winners (drivers)

Wins Driver Years
4 Michael Schumacher 1995, 2002, 2004, 2006
3
Juan Manuel Fangio 1954, 1956, 1957
Jackie Stewart 1968, 1971, 1973
Nelson Piquet 1981, 1986, 1987
Ayrton Senna 1988, 1989, 1990
2 Alberto Ascari 1951, 1952
Tony Brooks 1958, 1959
John Surtees 1963, 1964
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jacky Ickx 1969, 1972
Alain Prost 1984, 1993
Nigel Mansell 1991, 1992
Gerhard Berger 1994, 1997
Fernando Alonso 2005, 2010

Active drivers are in bold.

Multiple winners (constructors)

Embolded constructors are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.

Wins Constructor Years
20 Ferrari 1951, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1959, 1963, 1964, 1972, 1974, 1977,
1982, 1983, 1985, 1994, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2010
9 Williams 1979, 1986, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 2001, 2003
7 McLaren 1976, 1984, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1998, 2008
5 Brabham 1966, 1967, 1969, 1975, 1981
4 Lotus 1961, 1965, 1970, 1978
2 Tyrrell 1971, 1973
Benetton 1995, 1997

Active constructors are in bold.

By year

Year Driver Constructor Track
2010 Fernando Alonso Ferrari Hockenheimring
2009 Mark Webber Red Bull-Renault Nürburgring
2008 Lewis Hamilton McLaren-Mercedes Hockenheimring
2007 Not held
2006 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Hockenheimring
2005 Fernando Alonso Renault Hockenheimring
2004 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Hockenheimring
2003 Juan Pablo Montoya Williams-BMW Hockenheimring
2002 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Hockenheimring
2001 Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW Hockenheimring
2000 Rubens Barrichello Ferrari Hockenheimring
1999 Eddie Irvine Ferrari Hockenheimring
1998 Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Hockenheimring
1997 Gerhard Berger Benetton-Renault Hockenheimring
1996 Damon Hill Williams-Renault Hockenheimring
1995 Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Hockenheimring
1994 Gerhard Berger Ferrari Hockenheimring
1993 Alain Prost Williams-Renault Hockenheimring
1992 Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Hockenheimring
1991 Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Hockenheimring
1990 Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Hockenheimring
1989 Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Hockenheimring
1988 Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Hockenheimring
1987 Nelson Piquet Williams-Honda Hockenheimring
1986 Nelson Piquet Williams-Honda Hockenheimring
1985 Michele Alboreto Ferrari Nürburgring
1984 Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Hockenheimring
1983 René Arnoux Ferrari Hockenheimring
1982 Patrick Tambay Ferrari Hockenheimring
1981 Nelson Piquet Brabham-Ford Hockenheimring
1980 Jacques Laffite Ligier-Ford Hockenheimring
1979 Alan Jones Williams-Ford Hockenheimring
1978 Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Hockenheimring
1977 Niki Lauda Ferrari Hockenheimring
1976 James Hunt McLaren-Ford Nürburgring
1975 Carlos Reutemann Brabham-Ford Nürburgring
1974 Clay Regazzoni Ferrari Nürburgring
1973 Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Nürburgring
1972 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jacky Ickx Ferrari Nürburgring
1971 Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Nürburgring
1970 Jochen Rindt Lotus-Ford Hockenheimring
1969 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jacky Ickx Brabham-Ford Nürburgring
1968 Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Nürburgring
1967 Denny Hulme Brabham-Repco Nürburgring
1966 Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco Nürburgring
1965 Jim Clark Lotus-Climax Nürburgring
1964 John Surtees Ferrari Nürburgring
1963 John Surtees Ferrari Nürburgring
1962 Graham Hill BRM Nürburgring
1961 Stirling Moss Lotus-Climax Nürburgring
1960 Not held
1959 Tony Brooks Ferrari AVUS
1958 Tony Brooks Vanwall Nürburgring
1957 Juan Manuel Fangio Maserati Nürburgring
1956 Juan Manuel Fangio Ferrari Nürburgring
1955 Not held
1954 Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes Nürburgring
1953 Giuseppe Farina Ferrari Nürburgring
1952 Alberto Ascari Ferrari Nürburgring
1951 Alberto Ascari Ferrari Nürburgring

References

  1. Four out of his six wins under this flag.







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