German Navy: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

German Navy
Deutsche Marine
German Naval Ensign
Components
Organization
Ships
Naval Air Arm
Kampfschwimmer
Command
Fleet Command
Marineamt
Equipment
Ship Classes
History and Traditions
Prussian Navy
Norddeutsche Bundesmarine
Kaiserliche Marine
Reichsmarine
Kriegsmarine
Volksmarine
Awards, Decorations and Badges
Badge of Honour of the Bundeswehr
Military Proficiency Badge
Badge of Marksmanship
Service Medal
Flood Service Medal

The German Navy (Deutsche Marine (About this sound listen ) is the navy of Germany and part of the Bundeswehr (German Armed Forces).

The German Navy traces its roots back to the Imperial Fleet (Reichsflotte) of the revolutionary era of 1848–1852 and more directly to the Prussian Navy, which later evolved into the Northern German Federal Navy (Norddeutsche Bundesmarine, 1866–1871) and became the Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine, 1872–1918). From 1919 to 1921 it was known as the Temporary Imperial Navy (Vorläufige Reichsmarine) and then became the Reichsmarine. It was known as the War Navy (Kriegsmarine) from 1935 to 1945.

From 1945 to 1956, the German Mine Sweeping Administration and its successor organisations, made up of former members of the Kriegsmarine, became something of a transition stage for the German Navy, allowing the future Bundesmarine to draw on experienced personnel upon its formation.

In 1956, with West Germany's accession to NATO, a new navy was established and was referred to as the Federal Navy (Bundesmarine). With the reunification of Germany in 1990, and the take-over of units of the former East German Volksmarine ("People's Navy"), it was decided to simply use the name Deutsche Marine ("German Navy").

In total, there are 50 commissioned ships in the German Navy, excluding the 10 submarines and 43 auxiliary ships.

Contents

Mission

The German Navy is part of the German armed forces (Bundeswehr), and is deeply integrated into the NATO alliance. Its mission includes the participation in peace-keeping and peace enforcement operations as well as the protection of German and Allied territories.

Operations

A German Navy boarding team member assigned to the frigate FGS Augsburg (F213) provides security with a P8 pistol for the remainder of his team as they board a local cargo dhow by fast rope to conduct a search of the vessel.

German war ships permanently participate in all four NATO Maritime Groups. The German Navy is also engaged in operations against international terrorism such as Operation Enduring Freedom and NATO Operation Active Endeavour.

Presently the largest operation the German Navy is participating in is UNIFIL II off the coast of Lebanon. The German contribution to this operation is two frigates, four fast attack craft, and two auxiliary vessels. The naval component of UNIFIL has been under German command.[1] There have been reports of Israeli F-16s firing against German ships. Israel denied that the F-16s fired against the ships and stated that it was only overflying the ships.[2]

Organization

The German Navy is commanded by the Inspekteur der Marine in the Federal Ministry of Defence in Bonn. The major commands are the Fleet Command at Glücksburg near Flensburg and the Naval Office at Rostock. The Fleet is commanded by the Befehlshaber der Flotte (Commander-in-Chief German Fleet or CINCGERFLEET) and comprises all combat vessels, aircraft, helicopters and other combat forces, while schools, naval bases and test installations are under the purview of the Naval Office. The strength of the Navy is about 19,000 men and women with another 6,000 navy personnel serving in different elements of the central military organization of the Bundeswehr.

The navy as a part of the Bundeswehr is responsible for developing and providing the maritime capabilities of the German armed forces. Therefore it is operating a number of development and testing installations as part of an inter-service and international network.

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The Fleet

  • Fleet Command (Flottenkommando), Glücksburg
    • 1st Flotilla (Einsatzflottille 1), Kiel
      • HQ 1st Flotilla
        • Centre of Excellence for Operations in Confined and Shallow Waters (COE CSW)
      • 1st Corvette Squadron (1. Korvettengeschwader), Warnemünde
      • 1st Submarine Squadron (1. Unterseebootgeschwader), Eckernförde
      • Submarine Training Centre (Ausbildungszentrum Unterseeboote), Eckernförde
      • 3rd Mine Countermeasures Squadron (3. Minensuchgeschwader), Kiel
      • 7th Fast Patrol Boat Squadron (7. Schnellbootgeschwader), Warnemünde
      • 5th Mine Countermeasures Squadron (5. Minensuchgeschwader), Kiel
      • Force Protection Group, (Marineschutzkräfte), Eckernförde
        • one HQ & support company
        • four Force Protection companies (Marinesicherungskompanie)
      • Special Warfare Group, (Spezialisierte Einsatzkräfte Marine), Eckernförde
        • HQ & support company
        • combat diver company (Kampfschwimmerkompanie)
        • mine clearance diver company (mine countermeasures and explosive ordnance disposal; Minentaucherkompanie)
        • combat diver support company (KS-Unterstützungskompanie)
        • company for special operations (e.g. boarding)
        • support company
        • special training center
    • 2nd Flotilla (Einsatzflottille 2), Wilhelmshaven
    • Naval Air Wing 3 (Marinefliegergeschwader 3), Nordholz
    • Naval Air Wing 5 (Marinefliegergeschwader 5), Kiel
    • Naval Medical Institute (Schiffahrtsmedizinisches Institut), Kiel (responsible especially for diving medicine)

Naval Office

  • Naval Office (Marineamt), Rostock
    • Department for Development of the Navy, Bremerhaven
    • Navy Schools (Admiral Naval Training)
      • Naval Academy (Marineschule Mürwik), Flensburg-Mürwik
      • Petty Officer School (Marineunteroffiziersschule), Plön
      • Engineering School (Marinetechnikschule), Parow, near Stralsund
        • Damage Control Training Centre (Ausbildungszentrum für Schiffssicherung), Neustadt in Holstein
      • Naval Operations School (Marineoperationsschule), Bremerhaven
    • Supporting Installations (Admiral Naval Logistics)
      • Naval Base Command (Marinestützpunktkommando) Wilhelmshaven
      • Naval Base Command (Marinestützpunktkommando) Eckernförde
      • Naval Base Command (Marinestützpunktkommando) Kiel
      • Naval Base Command (Marinestützpunktkommando) Warnemünde
      • Naval Service Test Command (Kommando Truppenversuche der Marine), Eckernförde
      • Naval Command & Control Systems Command (Kommando Marineführungssysteme), Wilhelmshaven

Ranks

Officers

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
 Germany (Edit) Großadmiral 23 - ad.GIF
Admiral
22 - vad.GIF
Vizeadmiral
21 - kad.GIF
Konteradmiral
20 - fltlad.GIF
Flottillenadmiral
19 - kpt zs.GIF
Kapitän zur See
18 - fkpt.GIF
Fregattenkapitän
17 - kkpt.GIF
Korvettenkapitän
16 - stkptlt.GIF
Stabskapitänleutnant
16 - kptlt.GIF
Kapitänleutnant
15 - olt zs.GIF
Oberleutnant zur See
14 - lt zs.GIF
Leutnant zur See
11 - ofhr zs.GIF
Oberfähnrich zur See
OFD2 Marine lo.png
Fähnrich zur See
7 - skad.GIF
Seekadett
Enlisted rank plus a star indicating cadet's career

Enlisted

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Germany Germany
(Edit)
GE-NAVY-OR-9 OStBtsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-8 StBtsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-7a HptBtsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-6c OBtsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-6a Btsm.png GE-NAVY-OR-5c OMaat Var1.png GE-NAVY-OR-5a Maat Var1.png GE-NAVY-OR-4b OStGefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-4a StGefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-3b HptGefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-3a OGefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-2 Gefr.png GE-NAVY-OR-1 Matr.png
Oberstabsbootsmann Stabsbootsmann Hauptbootsmann Oberbootsmann Bootsmann Obermaat Maat Oberstabsgefreiter Stabsgefreiter Hauptgefreiter Obergefreiter Gefreiter Matrose

Gallery

Ships and weapon systems

Surface Vessels

Submarines

  • Submarines
    • 8 × U212A class (multi-purpose submarine), 2 more under construction, replace some U206A class
    • 6 × U206A class (coastal submarine)

Auxiliary vessels

  • Naval Base auxiliary vessels
    • 2 × Wustrow class (Type 414) harbour tug
    • 3 × Langeroog class (Type 754) (sea-going tug and diver training boat)
    • 1 × Sylt class (Type 724) large harbour tug
    • 6 × Lütje Horn class (Type 725) harbour tug
    • 2 × Bottsand class (Type 738) oil recovery ship
  • Other Auxiliary Vessels
    • 3 × Helmsand class multi-purpose ship (Type 748) trial and fleet service ships
    • 1 × Wilhelm Pullwer class (Type 741) trial boat
    • 1 × Gorch Fock tall ship (Type 441) sail training ship
    • 1 × Eisvogel class (Type 721) icebreaker
    • 1 × Planet class research ship (Type 751); SWATH vessel
    • 1 × Alliance class (Type 753) research ship (NATO vessel under German flag)

Aircraft

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[3] Notes
Transport/Utility Helicopter
Westland Lynx  United Kingdom antisubmarine helicopter Sea Lynx Mk 88 22
Westland Sea King  United Kingdom naval helicopter Sea King Mk 41 21
Maritime Patrol
Lockheed P-3 Orion  United States maritime patrol P-3C 8 former Netherlands Navy Maritime Patrol
Dornier Do 228  Germany pollution control Do 228 LM 2 Under orders by the Federal Ministry of Transport
Reconnaissance Aircraft
Camcopter S-100  Austria unmanned aerial vehicle Camcopter S-100 0 A first batch of 6 UAVs has been ordered (more being planned)
Breguet Atlantic  France signals intelligence BR 1150 2 to be replaced by 5 Luftwaffe Eurohawk

Radio and communication stations

Developments

  • A first batch of 4 × frigates of the F125 class (Baden-Württemberg class) specialised for persistent stabilisation missions is planned to replace some Bremen class (8 × guided-missile frigates) ships. Each F125 will have two crews. They will enter service between 2016 and 2018.
  • 6 × medium surface combat ships are planned under the name Korvette "K131" (corvette "K131")
  • Some Joint Support Ships (JSS) for strategic troop transport and amphibious operations are planned.[4]
  • A new development called "Mehrzweckeinsatzschiff" (multi-mission ship) was announced in January 2009.[5]
  • One more Berlin class replenishment ship was ordered in December 2008.
  • 30 × MH90 frigate helicopters are planned to replace 22 Sea King helicopter of Naval Air Wing 5 and some Sea Lynx.
  • A first batch of 6 × Camcopter S-100 UAVs for the use on the Braunschweig class corvettes has been ordered (more being planned). Deliveries will take place in 2013.[6]

Sources

References

External links

Wikilinks


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