The Full Wiki

German federal election, 1990: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1987 Germany 1994
German federal election, 1990
All 662 seats in the Bundestag
2 December 1990 (1990-12-02)
First party Second party
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F074398-0021, Bonn, Pressekonferenz Bundestagswahlkampf, Kohl.jpg Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1990-1025-300, Dessau, SPD-Wahlkundgebung, Oskar Lafontaine.jpg
Leader Helmut Kohl Oskar Lafontaine
Leader since 1973 (chancellor since 1982) -
Last election 269 seats (with FDP) 186 seats
Seats won 398 (with FDP) 247 (with the Greens)(SPD: 239)
Seat change +129 +61
Popular vote 25,481,329 17,892,773
Percentage 54.8% (coalition with FDP) 38.5% (with the Greens) (SPD: 33.5%)
Swing +1.5% +1.5% (SPD: -3.5%)

The 12th German federal election, 1990 was conducted on December 2, 1990, to elect members to the Bundestag (parliament) of the Federal Republic of Germany.


Issues and campaign

This was the first election conducted after the German Reunification that had happened two months earlier, and a large number of seats were added to represent the Eastern regional states of Germany without reducing the number of Western members. The euphoria following the reunification gave the ruling CDU/CSU–FDP coalition a dramatic advantage in both Western and Eastern Germany throughout the campaign.



This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of

Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal

All change figures are relative to the pre-existing West German Bundestag.

Party Party List votes Vote percentage (change) Total Seats (change) Seat percentage
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 17,055,116 36.7% +2.3% 268 +94 40.5%
Christian Social Union (CSU) 3,302,980 7.1% -2.7% 51 +2 7.7%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 5,123,233 11.0% +1.9% 79 +33 11.9%
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 15,545,366 33.5% -3.5% 239 +53 36.1%
Alliance '90/The Greens (East) 559,207 1.2% +1.2% 8 +8 1.2%
The Greens (West) 1,788,200 3.8% -4.5% 0 -42 0.0%
Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) 1,129,578 2.4% +2.4% 17 +17 2.6%
All Others 1,952,092 4.2%   0   0.0%
Totals 46,455,772 100.0%   662 +165 100.0%

This was the one and only election for which the 5% threshold was not applied nation-wide, but separately for East and West. As a result The Greens (West) failed to gain representation while the East German Green Party did.


The coalition between the CDU/CSU and the FDP was returned to office with an increased majority, and Helmut Kohl remained chancellor.

Seat results -- SPD in red, combined Greens in green, PDS in purple, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black




Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address