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German federal election, 1994: Wikis


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1990 Germany 1998
German federal election, 1994
All 672 seats in the Bundestag
16 October 1994 (1994-10-16)
First party Second party
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F074398-0021, Bonn, Pressekonferenz Bundestagswahlkampf, Kohl.jpg Scharping.jpg
Leader Helmut Kohl Rudolf Scharping
Leader since 1973 (chancellor since 1982) 1993
Last election 398 seats (with FDP) 247 seats (with Alliance'90/The Greens)
Seats won 341 (with FDP) 301 (with Alliance'90/The Greens)
Seat change -57 +54
Popular vote 22,775,563 20,564,669
Percentage 48.4% (coalition with FDP) 43.7% (with Alliance'90/The Greens)
Swing -6.4% +5.2%

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The 13th German federal election, 1994 was conducted on October 16, 1994, to elect members to the Bundestag (parliament) of the Federal Republic of Germany.


Issues and Campaign

The SPD let its members elect a candidate for Chancellor against Helmut Kohl. First out of three candidates (the others were Gerhard Schröder and Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul) came Rudolf Scharping, Minister-President of Rhineland-Palatinate.Tension between Scharping and other SPD leaders Oskar Lafontaine and Gerhard Schröder hampered his campaign.

For the first time the Green party seemed to be willing to actually join a government should a SPD - Green coalition have a majority.


Party Party List votes Vote percentage (change) Total Seats (change) Seat percentage
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 16,089,960 34.2% -2.5% 244 -24 36.3%
Christian Social Union (CSU) 3,427,196 7.3% +0.2% 50 -1 7.4%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 3,258,407 6.9% -4.1% 47 -32 7.0%
Social Democratic Party 17,140,354 36.4% +2.9% 252 +13 37.5%
Alliance '90/The Greens¹ 3,424,315 7.3% +2.3% 49 +41 7.3%
Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) 2,066,176 4.4% +2.0% 30 +13 4.5%
All Others 1,698,766 3.6%   0   0.0%
Totals 47,105,174 100.0%   672 +10 100.0%

¹ Totals for the Greens reflect the merger of the Western and Eastern Green parties.

Seat results -- SPD in red, combined Greens in green, PDS in purple, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black


The coalition between the CDU/CSU and the FDP was able to continue in power with Helmut Kohl as chancellor.

The PDS was able to secure four direct seats, making it eligible for full caucus status and proportional representation even though it remained below the 5% margin.




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