German federal election, 2009: Wikis

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2005 Germany Next
German federal election, 2009
All 598 seats (plus 24 overhangs) in the Bundestag
27 September 2009 (2009-09-27)
First party Second party Third party
Angela Merkel 24092007.jpg Seehofer.JPG Frank-Walter Steinmeier 20090902-DSCF9761.jpg Franz Müntefering 2009-08-31.jpg Westerwelle Bundesparteitag.jpg
Leader Angela Merkel and Horst Seehofer Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Franz Müntefering Guido Westerwelle
Party CDU/CSU SPD FDP
Last election 226 seats 222 seats 61 seats
Seats before 222 221 61
Seats won 239 146 93
Seat change +13 -76 +32
Popular vote 14,655,004 9,988,843 6,313,023
Percentage 33.8% 23.0% 14.6%
Swing -1.4 -11.2 +4.8
Fourth party Fifth party
Gregor Gysi.jpg Oskar Lafontaine.jpg Renate Künast.jpg WikiCemOezdemir.JPG
Leader Gregor Gysi and Oskar Lafontaine Renate Künast and Cem Özdemir
Party The Left Green
Last election 54 seats 51 seats
Seats before 53 51
Seats won 76 68
Seat change +22 +17
Popular vote 5,153,884 4,641,197
Percentage 11.9% 10.7%
Swing +3.2 +2.6
Bundestag Wahlkreise 2009 Erststimmenmehrheit.svg
Parliamentary districts won by

– CDU – CSU – SPD – The Left – Greens

Resulting Chancellor
Angela Merkel
CDU/CSU

The German federal election, 2009 was an election that took place on 27 September 2009 to elect the members of the Bundestag, the federal parliament of Germany.[1] Preliminary results showed that the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU), and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) won the election, and the three parties announced their intention to form a new centre-right government with Angela Merkel as Chancellor. Their main opponent, Frank-Walter Steinmeier's Social Democratic Party (SPD), conceded defeat.[2] The Christian Democrats previously governed in coalition with the FDP in most of the 1949–1966 governments of Konrad Adenauer and Ludwig Erhard and the 1982–1998 governments of Helmut Kohl.

Contents

Campaign

Since the 2005 election, Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) had governed in a grand coalition with the SPD. However, it was her stated goal to win a majority for CDU/CSU and FDP (the CDU/CSU's traditional coalition partner) in 2009.

Foreign minister and Vice Chancellor Frank-Walter Steinmeier (SPD) was formally nominated as his party's chancellor-candidate at a convention on 18 October 2008.[3] He aimed to form a government in which the SPD was the strongest party, but which also excluded the far-left party The Left.

The election campaign was considered exceptionally boring,[4] which may be attributable to a perceived lack of charisma on the part of the leaders of the CDU and SPD.[5] Another reason pointed to for the sedate campaign is that the CDU and SPD have both defended the record of their grand coalition, as well as facing the possibility of having to continue the grand coalition in a friendly manner.[6] Merkel was content with the low-key campaign style, which was largely seen as benefiting her party because of her high approval ratings.[7]

One of the lighter moments in the campaign came when CDU candidate Vera Lengsfeld released a campaign poster featuring herself and Merkel in a way that emphasized their cleavage. The poster bore the slogan "We have more to offer" (German: "Wir haben mehr zu bieten").[8]

The federal election was the final and most important election in what is called a Superwahljahr (super election year) in Germany. In addition to the election of a new Bundestag, also scheduled for 2009 were the election to the European Parliament on 7 June, seven local elections on the same day, five state elections and an additional local election in August and September, and the election of the President of Germany by the Federal Assembly on 23 May.

Opinion polls

The CDU/CSU and FDP, with an average vote share of around 50% in pre-election polling, were clearly ahead of the other traditional coalition partners in Germany, SPD and the Greens.[9]

Institute Date CDU/CSU SPD Greens FDP The Left Others
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen [10] 18.09.2009 36 % 25 % 10 % 13 % 11 % 5 %
Forsa 16.09.2009 37 % 24 % 11 % 12 % 10 % 6 %
Allensbach 16.09.2009 36 % 22.5 % 12 % 12.5 % 12 % 6 %
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen [10] 11.09.2009 36 % 23 % 11 % 14 % 11 % 5 %
Infratest dimap [10] 10.09.2009 35 % 23 % 12 % 14 % 12 % 4 %
Allensbach [11] 09.09.2009 35 % 22.5 % 13 % 13 % 11.5 % 5 %
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen [10] 04.09.2009 37 % 23 % 11 % 15 % 10 % 4 %
Emnid [10] 03.09.2009 34 % 26 % 11 % 14 % 11 % 4 %
INFO GmbH [12] 02.09.2009 35 % 23 % 12 % 14 % 11 % 4 %
Allensbach [10] 01.09.2009 35.5 % 23 % 13.5 % 14 % 9.5 % 4.5 %
GMS [10] 24.08.2009 37 % 23 % 13 % 13 % 9 % 5 %

Results

The Christian Democratic Union (CDU), the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU), and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) were able to form a centre-right government, with Angela Merkel of the CDU continuing as the Chancellor and the leader of the FDP, Guido Westerwelle, becoming Foreign Minister and Vice-Chancellor.[13]

The CDU/CSU received a slightly lower proportion than in the previous election, with the Bavarian CSU receiving its lowest vote share in decades.[14] Overall, the CDU/CSU had their worst vote share in 60 years[15] In contrast, their preferred coalition partner, the liberal FDP, gained nearly 5% points to give it 14.6% of the vote, the best result of its history. The big loser of the election was the SPD which received its worst result ever in a federal election, receiving only 23% of the total party vote and suffering the biggest percentage loss of any party in German federal election history in 60 years. The two other parties represented in the Bundestag, the Left and the Greens, both made large gains and received the highest vote share of their respective histories. For the first time, The Left won constituency seats outside its traditional stronghold of East Berlin. As a result of the losses by the SPD and the gains by the FDP, the alliance of the CDU/CSU and FDP received an outright majority of seats, ensuring that Angela Merkel would continue as Chancellor.

Had the CDU/CSU and FDP failed to win a majority of seats, possible alternative coalitions may have included a continuation of the grand coalition of CDU/CSU and SPD. A traffic light coalition (SPD–FDP–Greens) was specifically ruled out by FDP leader Guido Westerwelle.[16]

Germany

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e • d  Summary of the 27 September 2009 German Bundestag election results
Parties Constituency Party list Total seats
Votes  % +/− Seats +/− Votes  % +/− Seats +/− Seats +/−  %
Christian Democratic Union[A] 13,852,743 32.0 -0.6 173 +67 11,824,794 27.3 −0.5 21 −53 194 +14 31.2
Christian Social Union of Bavaria[A] 3,190,950 7.4 −0.9 45 +1 2,830,210 6.5 −0.9 0 −2 45 −1 7.2
Social Democratic Party 12,077,437 27.9 −10.5 64 −81 9,988,843 23.0 −11.2 82 +5 146 −76 23.5
Free Democratic Party 4,075,115 9.4 +4.7 0 6,313,023 14.6 +4.8 93 +32 93 +32 15.0
The Left 4,790,007 11.1 +3.1 16 +13 5,153,884 11.9 +3.2 60 +9 76 +22 12.2
Alliance '90/The Greens 3,974,803 9.2 +3.8 1 4,641,197 10.7 +2.6 67 +17 68 +17 10.9
Pirate Party 46,750 0.1 +0.1 0 845,904 2.0 +2.0 0 0
National Democratic Party 768,175 1.8 −0.0 0 635,437 1.5 −0.1 0 0
Human Environment Animal Welfare 16,881 0.0 +0.0 0 230,572 0.5 +0.3 0 0
The Republicans 30,045 0.1 −0.0 0 193,473 0.4 −0.1 0 0
Ecological Democratic Party 105,276 0.2 +0.2 0 132,395 0.3 +0.3 0 0
Family Party 17,837 0.0 −0.1 0 120,716 0.3 −0.1 0 0
Others 289,798 0.7 +0.2 0 447,094 1.0 −0.2 0 0
Totals 43,235,817 100.0 299 43,357,542 100 323 +8 622 +8

A The Christian Democratic Union and the Christian Social Union of Bavaria call themselves sister parties. They do not compete against each other in the same geographical regions and they form one group within the Bundestag.

Results by state

State CDU/CSU
(%)
SPD
(%)
FDP
(%)
Left
(%)
Green
(%)
others
(%)
Flag of Baden-Württemberg.svg Baden-Württemberg 34.5 19.3 18.8 7.2 13.9 6.3
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg Bavaria 42.6 16.8 14.7 6.5 10.8 8.6
Flag of Berlin.svg Berlin 22.8 20.2 11.5 20.2 17.4 7.9
Flag of Brandenburg.svg Brandenburg 23.6 25.1 9.3 28.5 6.1 7.4
Flag of Bremen.svg Bremen 23.9 30.3 10.6 14.2 15.4 5.6
Flag of Hamburg.svg Hamburg 27.9 27.4 13.2 11.2 15.6 4.7
Flag of Hesse.svg Hesse 32.2 25.6 16.6 8.5 12.0 5.1
Flag of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.svg Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 33.2 16.6 9.8 29.0 5.5 5.9
Flag of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony 33.2 29.3 13.3 8.6 10.7 4.9
Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia (state).svg North Rhine-Westphalia 33.1 28.5 14.9 8.4 10.1 5.0
Flag of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg Rhineland-Palatinate 35.0 23.8 16.6 9.4 9.7 5.5
Flag of Saarland.svg Saarland 30.7 24.7 11.9 21.2 6.8 4.7
Flag of Saxony (state).svg Saxony 35.6 14.6 13.3 24.5 6.7 5.3
Flag of Saxony-Anhalt (state).svg Saxony-Anhalt 30.1 16.9 10.3 32.4 5.1 5.2
Flag of Schleswig-Holstein.svg Schleswig-Holstein 32.2 26.8 16.3 7.9 12.7 4.1
Flag of Thuringia (state).svg Thuringia 31.2 17.6 9.8 28.8 6.0 6.6

Source: Bundeswahlleiter[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Der Wahltermin für die Bundestagswahl 2009". Der Bundeswahlleiter. http://www.bundeswahlleiter.de/de/bundestagswahlen/BTW_BUND_09. Retrieved 2009-01-05.  
  2. ^ Published: 5:42PM BST 27 Sep 2009. "Merkel's rival concedes defeat in German election". Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/germany/6237210/Merkels-rival-concedes-defeat-in-German-election.html. Retrieved 2009-09-28.  
  3. ^ "Frank-Walter Steinmeier zum SPD-Kanzlerkandidaten gewählt". Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands. 2008-10-18. http://www.spd.de/menu/1759371.  
  4. ^ "Apathy in Germany: Record Low Voter Turnout Expected in National Election". Der Spiegel. 25 September 2009. http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,651614,00.html. Retrieved 27 September 2009.  
  5. ^ "'Merkel factor' could decide German vote". BBC News. 17 September 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8256413.stm. Retrieved 27 September 2009.  
  6. ^ "The left in the German elections". Socialist Worker Online. 25 September 2009. http://socialistworker.org/2009/09/25/left-german-elections. Retrieved 27 September 2009.  
  7. ^ "German election a yawner for voters". Los Angeles Times. 27 September 2009. http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-germany-election27-2009sep27,0,6021371.story?track=rss. Retrieved 27 September 2009.  
  8. ^ "German Politician Uses Merkel's Cleavage to Woo Voters". 11 August 2009. http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,641787,00.html. Retrieved 28 September 2009.  
  9. ^ "Opinion Poll Tracker Bundestagswahl 2009 Germany's Federal Election". Alexej Behnisch. 2009-07-17. http://www.abehnisch.com/btw09.html. Retrieved 2009-07-21.  
  10. ^ Allensbach-Umfrage: Vorsprung für Schwarz-Gelb schrumpft. FAZ.NET, 09.09.2009
  11. ^ "Merkel’s FDP Coalition Partner Approves Four-Year Policy Plan". http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=acOIBUgWZgQ4.  
  12. ^ "Boost for the FDP: The German Election's Biggest Winner". Der Spiegel Online. 28 September 2009. http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,651688,00.html. Retrieved 28 September 2009.  
  13. ^ The Economist, 28 September 2009
  14. ^ Spiegel Interview With FDP Leader Westerwelle, 18 August 2009
  15. ^ Vorläufiges Ergebnis der Bundestagswahl 2009 in den Ländern

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