Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Wikis

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Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
—  Borough  —
Lincoln Square in downtown Gettysburg
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°49′42″N 77°13′56″W / 39.82833°N 77.23222°W / 39.82833; -77.23222
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Adams
Settled 1780
Incorporated 1806
Government
 - Type Borough Council
 - Mayor William Troxell
Area
 - Total 4.3 sq mi (11.1 km2)
 - Land 4.2 sq mi (10.9 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 558 ft (170 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 7,490
 Density 4,562.3/sq mi (1,761.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 17325
Area code(s) 717
Website Borough of Gettysburg

Gettysburg is a borough in and the county seat of Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States.[1] The population was 7,490 at the 2000 census.

Although known primarily as an attraction because of its proximity to the Gettysburg Battlefield, site of the Battle of Gettysburg, the borough is also known for its institutions of higher learning, namely the Lutheran Theological Seminary, founded in 1826, Gettysburg College (originally Pennsylvania College), which began operating in 1832, and Harrisburg Area Community College.

Many roads radiate from Gettysburg, providing hub-like access to Baltimore (52 miles/84 kilometers), Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (38 miles/61kilometers), Carlisle (30 miles/48 kilometers), Frederick and Hagerstown, Maryland (25 and 30 miles, or 40 and 48 kilometers, respectively), and Washington, D.C. (90 miles/145 kilometers)and New York City ((367 kilometers/266 miles)). Chambersburg is 25 miles (40 km) west on the Lincoln Highway (U.S. Route 30), the first transcontinental U.S. highway. Today the borough is a 2½ hour drive from Philadelphia and a 3½ hour drive from Pittsburgh via the Pennsylvania Turnpike and U.S. Route 15. Gettysburg Regional Airport, a small general aviation airport, is located 2 miles (4 km) west of Gettysburg.

In June of 2009, the Adams County Transit Authority implemented local transportation service to the boro operating under the name Freedom Transit[2]

Contents

Climate

Gettysburg has seasonal weather that varies from around 20  (−6.7 ) in the winter months to almost 100 ℉ (37.8 ℃) in the summer.

History and culture

Gettysburg was founded in 1786 and named after Samuel Gettys, an early settler and tavern owner.[3]

In 1858 the Gettysburg Railroad completed construction of a railroad line from Gettysburg to Hanover. The Gettysburg Railroad Station opened in 1859. Passenger train service to the city ended in 1942. The station was restored in 2006 and currently operates as a museum.

Gettysburg, home to the Battle of Gettysburg (1863) of the American Civil War, draws in large numbers of tourists every year to visit the historical sites around the small community as well as the battlefield itself. Gettysburg has many activities and tours to offer to vacationers and tourists that are interested in the Gettysburg area and the history of the community and the battle. A narrated tour via double-decker bus and tours of the Jenny Wade house are two examples. Ghost tours are also popular with tourists, profiling various locations reported to be haunted. One of the most popular times to visit Gettysburg is in the Summer and early Fall months, about June through October.

A popular attraction in Gettysburg is the reenactment of the Battle of Gettysburg which is held every summer for the three days around the Fourth of July. Events include tours, ghost stories and reenactments.

The Dobbin House Tavern, which is one of the most famous restaurants in Gettysburg, was once home to Reverend Alexander Dobbin in 1776. The restaurant has since been authentically restored and provides an ambiance that was once present during the historic days of Gettysburg. The Dobbin House is lit by candles while the wait staff serves authentic foods from two centuries ago dressed in Civil War attire. Other historical attractions are the hotels and bed and breakfasts around the borough. The Gettysburg Hotel is a popular destination for tourists because of all the history that the hotel holds. The Gettysburg Hotel is located in the heart of downtown Gettysburg, within walking distance to historical sites, restaurants and shopping. The hotel has been in business since 1797 and in 1863 witnessed events that took place during the three day battle.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 7,490 people, 2,541 households, and 1,229 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,562.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,761.5 /km2). There were 2,759 housing units at an average density of 1,680.6 per square mile (648.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 85.46% White, 5.79% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.67% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. 8.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,541 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.6% were non-families. 42.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the borough the population was spread out with 16.2% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 19.1% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $29,840, and the median income for a family was $40,489. Males had a median income of $30,341 versus $21,111 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,157. About 13.2% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 17 and 5.2% of those age 77 or over.

Federally, Gettysburg is part of Pennsylvania's 19th congressional district, represented by Republican Todd Platts, elected in 2000.

The state's senior member of the United States Senate is Democrat Arlen Specter, elected in 1980 as a Republican. The state's junior member of the United States Senate is Democrat Bob Casey, elected in 2006. The Governor of Pennsylvania is Democrat Ed Rendell, elected in 2002; he is term-limited and therefore will not seek re-election in 2010.

Tourism information

The main industry of the borough is tourism. Many places of interest involving the Battle of Gettysburg include Little Round Top, the High-water mark of the Confederacy on Cemetery Ridge, the Gettysburg Cyclorama, Devil's Den, and the Peacelight Memorial. Each summer around the days of July 1–3 (usually the first weekend of the month) visitors can witness the reenactment of the 1863 battle. Another site maintained by the National Park Service, the Eisenhower Farm, is also a popular tourist destination.

Media

Colleges and universities

Sister cities

Gettysburg has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International.

References

Bibliography

  • The History and Topography of Dauphin, Cumberland, Franklin, Bedford, Adams, and Perry Counties Lancaster City, PA: Gilbert Hills, 1846.

External links

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Simple English

Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
—  Borough  —

Coordinates: 39°49′42″N 77°13′56″W / 39.82833°N 77.23222°W / 39.82833; -77.23222
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Adams
Settled 1780
Incorporated 1806
Government
 - Type Borough Council
 - Mayor William Troxell
Area
 - Total 4.3 sq mi (11.1 km2)
 - Land 4.2 sq mi (10.9 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 558 ft (170 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 7,490
 Density 4,562.3/sq mi (1,761.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 17325
Area code(s) 717
Website Borough of Gettysburg

Gettysburg is a borough in and the county seat of Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States. There were about 7,490 people at the 2000 United States census (counting of the people).

It is known mostly because it is near to where the Battle of Gettysburg was held. Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address at Gettysburg. It is seen as one of the most historic sites in American history. Dwight Eisenhower lived at Gettysburg in his later years.

However, it is also known for the Lutheran Theological Seminary, founded in 1826, Gettysburg College (originally Pennsylvania College), which began operating in 1832, and Harrisburg Area Community College.

Many roads come from Gettysburg. It is at the junction of U.S. Route 15, U.S. Route 30 (the Lincoln Highway). Today it is a 2½ hour drive from Philadelphia. It is also a 3½ hour drive from Pittsburgh by the Pennsylvania Turnpike and U.S. Route 15. Gettysburg Regional Airport, a small general aviation airport, is 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Gettysburg. Gettysburg has weather that changes from around Template:F to C in the winter months to almost Template:F to C in the summer.


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