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Ghauri-I / Hatf-V
External Image 1

GhauriMissile.jpg
Ghauri ballistic missile just before a test launch, Pakistan.

Type Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM)
Place of origin  Pakistan
Service history
In service 12 January 2003
Used by  Pakistan
Production history
Manufacturer Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL)
Specifications
Weight 15,850 kg
Length 15.90 m
Diameter 1.35 m

Engine Single stage liquid fuel rocket motor
Propellant Liquid fuel
Operational
range
1,500 km
Flight altitude 350 km reached in first test flight
Guidance
system
Inertial guidance system (INS)
Launch
platform
Transporter erector launcher (TEL)

Ghauri (Urdu: غوری), also designated Hatf-V, is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) developed by Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL) of Pakistan. The name Ghauri is taken from a historical Afghani figure, Muhammad Ghori, while the "Hatf" designation originates from the name of the sword/lance of Prophet Muhammad.[1] Powered by a single stage liquid fuel rocket motor, the missile has an optimum range of 1,500 km and can carry a payload of 700 kg. [2]

The Ghauri-II, a newer variant with an increased range of 2,300 km (1,429 miles), has been developed by increasing the motor assembly length and using improved propellants.[3] The latest variant, Ghauri-III, is under development with a planned range of 3500–4000 km.[4]

Contents

Design

The Ghauri design incorporates mechanisms that start spinning the single booster stage and warhead combination from approximately 10 seconds before termination of the powered flight at 110 seconds. At this point the warhead is separated from the rocket booster stage to fly on a re-entry trajectory that remains stable to its target. With the addition of GPS targeting the warhead accuracy is greatly enhanced.[5] The United States government believes that the Ghauri design is based on North Korea's Rodong-1 (also known as Nodong-1) missile.[6]

Operational history

The Ghauri was first test-fired on 6 April 1998 from Malute, near the city of Jhelum, about 76 miles south of the capital Islamabad.[7]. Fired from a mobile launcher, it travelled 1,100 km (682 miles) in a flight lasting 9 minutes and 58 seconds before hitting its designated target in the desert of Balochistan.[7]

See also

Related developments
Related lists

References

  1. ^ Pakistan's Missile Technology
  2. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=3823118
  3. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/1999/apr/14agni.htm
  4. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=3823118
  5. ^ http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/pakistan/missile/hatf-5.htm
  6. ^ Report to Congress, January - June 1999. Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions. Central Intelligence Agency.
  7. ^ a b http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/pakistan/hatf-5.htm

External links

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