Ghorewaha: Wikis

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Ghorewahas (or Gorewaha) are Kachwaha Rajputs in India. Raja Man, sixth in descent from Kush, son of Lord Ram), had two sons,Raja Kachwaha and Raja Hawaha (or Raja Awaha) of the lineage of Hawaha (161). According to H.A. Rose's Glosary of Panjab Tribes, the Ghorewaha Rajputs are the oldest Rajput Ruling House of Panjab with Many Rajas, Ranas, Mansabdars, Zamindars and Jagirdars. They lived in Hosiarpur, Nawanshahar and Jalandher before partition, but as many of the Ghorewaha followed Islam, most had to migrate to Pakistan after partition although the ones who remained Hindu continue to live on their ancestral estates in India. They use Rana and Chaudhry as their family title.

Contents

History

[1] The Rajputs are most numerous in Jallandhar and Nawanshahr, the tehsils nearest the hills, which contain more than two-thirds of the tribe. In Jallandhar, the Rajput villages form a broken line around the tehsil, being most numerous in the north-east, and least so in the south and south-east. In Nawanshahr, Rajputs are found everywhere in force, except in the north-west third of the Tehsil, where they are scantily represented: they are most numerous along the east border, and old bank of the Sutlej where the long villages lie partly in the up-lands and partly in the Bet. In Phillaur, they are more scattered, but here too, many estates on the old bank of the river are owned by Rajputs. In Nakodar, this tribe is found mostly in the south-west, but has some villages in the north-east, on the Bein, nor far from some Phillaur Rajput estates. The Ghorewahas are found in the greatest number in the south and cast of the Nawanshahr Tehsil, as well as in the adjoining Garhshanker Tahsil of Hoshiarpur, but they also hold estates in the east of the Phillaur Tehsil, and the Grand Trunk Road between Phagwara and Phillaur may be regarded as approximately the boundary between them and the Manj Rajputs. They are proprietors or part proprietors of Rahon, Nawanshahr, Gunachaur, Jadla, Awar, Baglaur, Hion, Kamam, Nauhra, Apra, Massani, Indina and other places of less importance.

Man, came from Kot Kurman or Kurwan on a pilgrimage to Jawala Mukhi. Near Awak or Rakh, a place in Ludhiana, close to Rupar, they met Shahabuddin Ghori, who was then the ruling monarch. They had a fine horse which they presented to the king, who, in return, gave each as much country as he could ride in a day. Hawaha took this side of the Sutlej, and Kachwaha took the other side; and at night-fall, the former threw down the spear (sela), where is now the village of Selkiana, to show the limit of his domain; while the latter marked the spot he had arrived at by his bracelet (kangan), on the site of the present village Kanganwal. After this Kuchwaha returned to Udaipur, but Hawaha stayed here and held both territories. The accounts of the successors of Hawaha are very various.

  • According to one version, furnished to Mr. Barkley by Suleman Khan of Rahon, the successor of Hawaha, for 13 generations all entitled Raja, were Sirinaur, Sirikand, Markand, Baddeo, Rajeshwar, Tekhmangal, Lohar, utho, Jaspal, Prithi, PAdam, Mall and Bin. Raja Bin was the father of Rana Rajpal, and of Bhinsi. From these the following Gots are descended:
    • Rajpal the descendants of Rana Rajpal, the son of Raja Bhin. Of this got are the Ghorewahas of Rahon and Shekhomazara, and those of Saroha Simli, Mukandpur and Gag in the Garhshanker Tahsil and of Bairsian, Kunail.
    • Bhinsi descended from 4 brothers Rana Rup Chand, Anup Chand, Sarup Chand and Partab Chand, who were descended from Bhin. Of this Got are those of Garhshankar, Hion, Gunachaur and Bhin.
    • Sard those of Katgarh, Balachaur, Banah, Taunsah and Rail; the Raho Rajputs do not know the origin of this name.
    • Rana Udho, the ancestor of the Rajput of Rahon was in the 7th generation from the Rana Rajpal. His ancestors are said to have to come from Kot Kurman, near Jaipur and he himself came from Kotgarh in the Garhshankar Tahsil to Shekhomazara, and thence to Udhowal in the Bet near Rahon. He and his sons, all of whom have, descendants in Rahon, continued Hindus. If the conquest of Rahon was effected by him or his sons, it must have been comparatively recent, as Suleman Khan of Rahon from whom Barkley had the generalogy, and who was in 1878, about 70 years of age, was but ten generations from Udho (Pahlwan, Mansur Khan, Mahmud Khan, Taj Khan, Bula Khan, Saif Khan, Roshan Khan, Dadu Khan, Hassan Khan, Suleman Khan).
  • The account given by Mr.Purser is that Raja Hawaha's descendants founded 9 cchats (a term the meaning of which is not clear), and 12 makans, and subdivided into 12 muhi, called, according to Nawanshahr tradition, after the sons of Uttam, the fourteenth in descent from Hawaha. There was a thirteenth brother who become a Kalandar, a Muhammadan ascetic. The Phillaur ghorewahas say Jaimal, their ancestor had thirteen sons after whom the muhis are called. They are the following:
  1. Rajpal in Nawanshahr
  2. Sedsur in Nawanshahr and Ambala
  3. Bhimsi in Nawanshahr, Phillaur and Garhshankar
  4. Sard in Garhshankar
  5. Sahupal in NAwanshahr
  6. Jai Chand in Nawanshahr and Phillaur
  7. Dip in Nawahshahr and Ludhiana
  8. Main in Ludhiana
  9. Rajpur in Hoshiarpur
  10. Salkho in Ludhiana
  11. Aju in Hoshiarpur
  12. Bhup in Ambala
  13. Ladha in Ambala

Of these names only 1-4, 7 and 8 agree with those given by Nawanshahr Ghorewahas. The latter mention one Sahn Chand who is probably the same as Sahnpal. Some of the Ghorewahas remained Hindu, but most of them gradually converted to Islam, principally in the reign of Aurangzeb. The Nawanshahr men say their real clan is Koshal, those of Phillaur say Koshash, and that Ghorewaha is only the name of a Sub division (al) of the clain (got). The former are contended to say that the horse given by the brothers was a very fine one; the latter assert that it was the offspring of a rover-horse and an ordinary terrestrial mare. The nine chat of the Ghorewahs above mentioned are Garhshanker, Punam, Saroya, Simli, Gunachaur, Kariam, Ratenda, Rahon and Hiun, of which the first four are in the Garhshankar Tahsil of Hoshiarpur, and the others in this district. The twelve makan are Matewara in Ludhiana, Samundra, and Birampur in Garhshankar, Judana in Phillaur, Bahram in Nawanshahr. The Jats say that a cchat is an important tribal centre and the makan and inferior one. In the Darbar at a marriage the mirasis used to get a certain gratuity for each cchat of which the tribe could boast and half as much for each makan; Re. 1 per cchat and annas 8 per makan. The cchat and makan thus measure the dues paid to mirasis at a marriage of the member of a tribe or a got. The more important the got, the more expensive the mirasis fees. They are said to have reached Rs.11 per chat. Mr. Barkley was given the Ghorewaha cchat as Garhshankar, Rahon, Kanian, Punam , Simli, Mir Jabhar, Mian Amir Ali Shah, Pir Hassan Jehanya of Rahon. Thus a Cchat does not necessarily imply a place but only a name, whether of a place or person in honour of which or whom the mirsasis get fees at marriage.

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Doad and Ghorewaha enmity

The stakes were high between Doad tribe and the neighboring Ghorewaha (They are descendent of Ram, Raja Man Singh who was sixth in line from Ram had two sons Kushwaha and Ghorewaha, many Ghorewahas became Muslims and migrated to Pakistan after partition. They use Rana as their family title. Although there are some Hindu Ghorewahas along with the Ruler of Jadla, in the regions of Doaba). tribes. Doad tribe always overcame the Ghorewaha tribe.

The Ghorewaha made a deadly plot against the Doads. They managed to buy Bharadwaj, the high priest of the Doad tribe. The priest Bharadwaj told Doad Rajputs that their bad days were coming and the only way to escape was to have their heads completely shaven, be without weapons and organize special payers in the temples. Their venerable priest also told them that if they see a Palanquin descending from the sky during the prayer it will be a sign of their prayer being accepted by God.

Doad Rajputs followed the advice of their Lord Priest and the date of the prayer celebrations was fixed. When the Doads were busy in the prayer, four members of the Korewan tribe entered the temple according to a well defined plan. The Palanquin was full of weapons. Doads were extremely happy to see the Palanquin coming because for them it was symbolizing the acceptance of there payer. In the meantime, the Korewan army surrounded the temple and attacked the armless Doads who were busy in prayer.

They killed brutally the Doads and fill the tank of the temple with dead bodies of the Doads. Thus, the Ghorewahas finally succeeded in conquering Garhshankar. This event took place around 1775. The Doads who managed to escape that slaughter migrated to other areas in Punjab (like Dandiyan, Mansowal, ...).

Successors of Raja Hawaha

According to Suleman Khan of Rahon, the successors of Raja Hawaha have been rajas for 13 generations. Raja Bin was the father of Rana Rajpal and Bhinsi. The Ghorewahas of Rahon and Shekhomazara and those of Saroha Simil, Mukandpur and Gag in the Garhshankar Tahsil and of Bairsian , Kunail are descended from Rana Rajpal, son of Raja Bhin.

The Raja of Machiwara, Rana Udho actively assisted Emperor Akbar in his fight for the Delhi Throne, he captured the rebellious Bairam Khan and subsequently the Raja was allowed to retain the Jagir of Rahon[2][3]

The Ghorewaha find mention in the Ain-I-Akbari as the Khori Wahah and are said to be in possession of the estates of Bajwara, Dardak Mahal (Rahon and Phillaur), Sankarbanot (Garhshanker) and Rahimabad with a total Mansab rank of 260 Cavalry and 4900 Infantry[4]

It is also worth mentioning here that the ancestral fort of Minhas Sikh Rajputs of Daroli Kalan, Adampur Doaba and Heeon fort of Parmaras of Nadalon, Panjoura, Ajnoha were destroyed by Ghorewaha Rajput conquerors.[5]

Until Indian independence in 1947 the Rana of Rahon and the Rajrana of Jadla controlled most of the estates, while the Muslim Rana of Rahon fled to Pakistan after Partition; the successors of the then Tikkaraj Rana Saheb Lambardar Shri Labh Singh Bahadur of the Zamindari of Jadla-Ghorewah remain in Punjab[6], the zamindari was brought down to 11 villages in the 1950s and abolished in 1956 while the title was handed down to his successor Tiikka Sahib Lambardar Shri Rana Saheb Jagdish Singh[7] .

Ghorewaha and Dahiya(Rathore) Enmity

10 Miles east of Ropar lies a small hamlet which contains the ruins of an ancient city dated to be at least 700 hundred years old. The local tradition is that the place was once ruled by a Rajput Raja of the Dahia tribe. A force of invaders of the Ghorewah section of the Rajput tribes came from the south. They pitched their tents outside the village and sent word to the Raja asking for dahi. The Raja took this demand for dahi as an insult. He sent out pitcherfuls of dung overspread with a small quantity of dahi. The strangers who were prepared for a conflict took up the gauntlet, and a battle ensued, ending in the complete victory of the Ghorewah invaders. From that day the loss of this place has become a bye-word among the Dahia Rajputs, and they say, on hearing of the birth of a child in their tribe " what if a child is born. He won't recover Bardar."[8] The migration of the Dahia Rajputs who are Rathores, originally found at Dahia near Manda in Uttar Pradesh to Bardar and Kurali in Punjab took place prior to this incident due to another act of a Ghorewaha Monarch. The Purohit or High Priest of the Rathores of Dahia made piligrimage to Haridwar with his daughter, the Ghorewaha monarch who was also present there abducted] his daughter and brought her to his principality in Punjab. The purohit when returned to Dahia begged the Rathores to retrieve his daughter from the Ghorewaha. The Dahias pitched their tents in the forests near the Ghorewah monarch's capital town. They launched an attack on the Ghorewahas and were severely defeated, later they settled along the forest tracts. When the Monarch's daughter was to be married, the Dahias sent a Tribute to the monarch, they tribute was pitcherfuls of Yougurt with just a layer of Yougurt (Dahi) and yellow wasps (dhaiy). When the pitchers were opened, the wasps attacked everyone and the Dahias launched another attack and the result of the battle was an accord between the Ghorewaha Raja and the Dahia Rathore Chief, the Dahias were given the Kurali. Bardar and some other areas. The incident metioned earlier by the State Gazzette was a counter offensive attck by the Ghorewahas to regain control of these lands.

Distribution

The Ghorey Wahs who migrated to Pakistan in 1947 were mostly settled in the region of Sargodha Sahiwal, Okara, Multan and Sialkot. Chak-20 in Tehsil cheechawatni, district Sahiwal has been considered as the next base of Ghorey Wahs of tehsil Garh-Shankar. Some of the families were migrated to village Judhala, Tehsil Pasrur in district Sialkot and chak 132 sargodha district. The prominent figures of ghorey wah rajputs of Garh-Shankar; who migrated to Pakistan; includes Rana Bashir Ahmed (Superintendent of Plice), Dr. Rana Sarwar, Rana Kashif Bashir.IN Sargodha sillanwali some Ghorewaha rajput also live namely as Rana Abu Jandal Khan.A very famous personality,Rana ghulam Ahmed Khan of Sillanwali also live in chak 132 village.He is a well known social and political personality. The Deputy speaker of Punjab Assembly of Pakistan, Rana Shamim Ahmed Khan and the famous chief justice of Pakistan, Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, belong to this clan.Also in multan district(ramkali rangpur colony )bhawalpur road. The most famous person is the Rana Mehmood ali and rana muhammad aslam.

Controversy

It is suggested that the Ghorewahs are not Kachwahas as Kot Kurman which is often identified with Udaipur is not where the Kachwahas are found. The Kachwahas are found in Jaipur and the Sisodias are found in Udaipur. But this is refuted since if we understand the meaning of "Kot Kurman", Kot means Fort and Kurman means Tortoise, like Kachwa from Kachwaha means the same.

Prominent Ghorewahas

Raja Hawaha - The First Ghorewaha Rajput Raja circa 1070 AD

Rana Udho Ji Bahadur, Raja of Machiwara, Helped Emperor Akbar in his fight for the delhi throne and captured the rebellious Bairam Khan.

HH Baba Sri Rana Saheb Bhoj Singhji Bahadur of Jaipur, founded Jadla about 540 years ago, thus becoming its first Rana after the division of the Ghorewaha Country.

His Grace Rana Sri Duloh Singh ji Bahadur - Tikkaraj Ala Lambardar Rana Bahadur of Jadla, a Panjab Chief and Zamindar of Jadla Zamindari.

T.H. Chaudhry Abdur Rehman Sahib, Rana of Rahon Jagir and a Member of the Punjab Legislative Assembly from the Unionist Party, before 1947.

His Grace Rana Sri Labh Singh Ji Bahadur, Tikkaraj Ala Lambardar Rana Bahadur of Jadla, Ala Malik and Zamindar of Jadla Zamindari.

Rana Moti Singhji, A veteran Indian National Congress leader. Former Punjab Congress President and received the Padma Shri Award for Science & Engineering.

Rana Shamim Ahmed Khan - The Deputy speaker of Punjab Assembly of Pakistan

Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry - Famous Chief Justice of Pakistan.

Rana Kuldeep Singh - District Congress President for Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar District.

See also

References


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