Ghoonghat or Ghunghat is a Hindi word which describes a type of veil or headscarf worn by Indian women to cover their head. Generally pallu, that is loose end of sari, is pulled over head, or dupatta is used sometimes.
Before the advent of Islam Indian women wore an unstiched cloth (called Sari) in a loincloth fashion as men. The Sari grew in length with an end which is used to cover the bosom and then the head and face. This allowed women to work in the fields beside men or even ride a horse like men. In Buddhist cave paintings in India, or in Sri Lnka such as Siguria, women often went around wearing just pieces of jewelery and nothing else.
The ghunghat was and is still a form of veiling of women, still practiced in rural parts of Northern India, especially in Rajastan.