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Gijón
—  Municipality  —
Xixón

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Gijon
Gijón is located in Spain
Gijón
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 43°32′N 5°42′W / 43.533°N 5.7°W / 43.533; -5.7Coordinates: 43°32′N 5°42′W / 43.533°N 5.7°W / 43.533; -5.7
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Asturias
Province Asturias
Comarca Gijón
Judicial district Gijón
Founded 5th century BC (Noega, the first settlement on record)
Government
 - Alcalde Paz Fernández Felgueroso (2007) (PSOE)
Area
 - Total 181.6 km2 (70.1 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Highest elevation 737 m (2,418 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 275,699
 - Density 1,518.2/km2 (3,932/sq mi)
 - Demonym En castellano: Gijonés/sa En asturiano: Xixonés/sa
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 33201 -33212
Official language(s)
Website Official website

Gijón (Asturian: Xixón), is a coastal industrial city and a municipality in the autonomous community of Asturias in Spain. Early mediaeval texts mention it as "Gigia". It was an important regional Roman city, although the area has been settled since earliest history. The name was originally applied to a small peninsula presently referred to as Cimadevilla, literally "top of village," between two beaches, one of which has a recreational port today. The main port, one of the largest in the north of Spain, is called "El Musel". Gijón has a barely growing population of approximately 277,000 (2006).

City Hall

Contents

Geography

The city is situated on the coast of central Asturias, from sea level to an altitude of 513 metres at Picu Samartín and 672 metres at Peña de los Cuatro Jueces, bordered on the West by Carreño, the East by Villaviciosa, and to the South by Siero and Llanera

The city is situated along the Asturian coast and is distinguished by the peninsula of Cimadevilla (the original settlement) which separates the beach of San Lorenzo and adjacent neighborhoods to the east from the beaches of Poniente and Arbeyal, the shipyards, and the recreational port and the Port of El Musel to the west. It is close to the other main Asturian cities, Oviedo and Avilés.

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Districts

Gijón / Xixón districts

As a municipality, Gijón / Xixón is divided in 26 districts or parishes:

1. Serín 2. San Andrés de los Tacones 3. Fresno 4. Puao 5. Veriña 6. Jove / Xove 7. Gijón / Xixón city 8. Somió 9. Cabueñes 10. Deva 11. Caldones 12. Baldornón / Valdornón 13. Fano 14. Lavandera / Llavandera 15. Huerces / Samartín de Güerces 16. Leorio / Llorio 17. La Pedrera 18. Ruedes 19. Cenero / L'Abadía Cenero 20. Porceyo 21. Tremañes 22. Roces 23. Granda 24. Bernueces / Castiello Bernueces 25. Vega 26. Santurio

Gijón / Xixón city (numbered 7) is divided in four big areas (Centre, East, West and South) with several neighbourhoods within each one (Cimadevilla / Cimavilla, La Calzada, El Natahoyo, Pumarín, Viesques, El Llano, etc.)

Access

Statue of King Pelayo, emblem of the city, at Marqués square

The A-66 motorway (Ruta de La Plata), A-8 (Autopista del Cantábrico) and the AS-1 (Autovía Minera) are the main highway accesses. By train, Gijón has daily service to Madrid, Alicante, Zaragoza, and Barcelona. Cruise ships call at El Musel, and the Airport of Asturias is located in the not far away municipality of Castrillón with daily flights to major Spanish and European cities.
A subway system, called Metrotren, is currently under construction to improve the public transport in Gijón.
There are 22 regular lines of bus and 4 "night lines" of bus called "Buho" and special lines in special events like the Feria Internacional de Muestras de Gijon (Gijon International Exposition Fair) or the Semana Negra (literally Black Week)[2], the city's famous one-week Festival based on Hardboiled literature.

Climate

Gijón has an Atlantic humid maritime climate, with mild temperatures and high humidity throughout the year. The summers are warm, with both overcast and sunny days and winters are cold with significant rains. Gijón has a medium of 10 days of snow per year.

The bronze copy of the statue "Augustus of Prima Porta" at San Lorenzo beach.

Culture

  • During the early years of the 19th century the, then very small, town of Gijón was best known for its college or high-school known as the "Real Instituto Asturiano" founded by Jovellanos. [1]
  • Gijón has a wide range of museum options. The Museo Internacional de la Gaita (International Bagpipe Museum) contains bagpipes from around the world, focusing on the Asturian musical heritage and bagpipes. There are also several other museums:
  • Revillagigedo Palace and Museum (At Marqués square, near the City Hall)
  • Nicanor Piñole Museum (An art museum)
  • Evaristo Valle Museum (Local painter museum placed in a mansion at the outskirts)
  • Museo del Ferrocarril (Railroad Museum, near Poniente Beach)
  • Juan Barjola Museum (A museum about a local painter, also interested in avant-garde art)
  • LABoralCentro de Arte y Creación Industrial (An exhibition centre for contemporary art, science, technology and advanced visual industries)
  • The City Hall's sports and culture programs for citizens is wide, including the innovative Abierto Hasta el Amanecer (literally Open Till Dawn) nocturnal program, which tries to involve teens in cultural and sporting activities as an alternative to weekend nightlife.
  • Gijon has 13 libraries in its Cultural City Centers, which feature a wide network of swimming pools and gyms.
Upper front view of the San Lorenzo Church
Revillagigedo Palace
University Laboral of Gijón, as seen from the tower of the same university.
Tower of the university

Sports

Gijón's professional soccer team, Sporting de Gijón, plays in the Spanish National League and is presently in the first division. Men's basketball team, Gijón Baloncesto, competes in the Spanish third professional basketball league (LEB Plata). American football and baseball are played in Gijón at top levels, with the Gijón Mariners and El Llano BC competing in the most important Spanish leagues of those sports.

Not far from Gijón, there are several ski resorts in Asturias, the main being Valgrande-Pajares.

Gijón has 13 public sport centers (in Spanish: Centros Municipales Integrados) with swimming pools, gyms and saunas. Swimming pools are free for children up to age 14.

The city's marina houses an important fleet of yachts and is the base for many water sports, being Royal Astur Yacht Club the most important yacht club in town.

Economy

For much of the twentieth century the town was heavily dependent on mature heavy industries, but at the end of the Franco era, tertiary sector employment began to expand rapidly along with the city's population which by 2007 stood officially at 277,897 for Gijón proper, and approximately 380,000 for the total Gijón agglomeration.

The port is at the centre of many of the local businesses. Apart from directly port related activities, the economy is based on tourism, steel (Arcelor), other metallurgy, livestock rearing and fisheries.

References

  1. ^ (English) Name of the "Instituto Asturiano" and other details taken from the Universal Pronouncing Gazetteer By Thomas Baldwin, Sixth Edition, (1847). [1]

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Gijon article)

From Wikitravel

Gijon [1] (Spanish: Gijón) is a coastal city in Asturias province in northwest Spain. It lies close to the cities of Aviles and Oviedo.

The weather in Gijón is not like much of the rest of Spain. Gijón is on the northern coast of Spain were it is wet and very hot in summer.

Get in

You can get to Gijón by plane at the airport in Avilés (OVD) (about 30 minutes by bus or car from Gijón), by train with the Spanish company RENFE, by car, by bus with ALSA or by boat.

Get around

Since Gijon is a small city, it is easy to walk from one place of interest to another.

  • Acuario de Gijon - The aquarium [2]
  • The marina

Do

You can start your day with a walk along the San Lorenzo`s beach and stop to have breakfast in any cafeteria.

Semana Negra Festival in July.

Sightseeing tour bus.

Museo de ferrocarril - Train museum (not open on Mondays, free entrance on Sundays).

Casino de Asturias - Aslo a concert venue.

Go Karting in the Los Fresnos Centro Comercial on an indoor, multi level track.

Eat

The seafood is excellent in Gijón.

Drink

Cider (called sidra) is the local beverage of choice in Gijón.

  • La Casona de Jovellanos, Plazoleta Jovellanos, 1, 33201 - Gijón - Asturias, Spain, [3]. La Casona de Jovellanos offers travelers and guests a comfortable and cozy accommodations. El Chigre, their famous restaurant offers unique environment for people who appreciates good food. They serve good home cooked meals and you'll get the chane to taste the traditional dishes offered only in Asturias.  edit
  • Mirador de Deva Hotel, Deva - Serantes, Gijon, Asturias, 33394 , Spain, (00 34) 985131578. AMirador de Deva Hotel is in the district of Deva in the coastal industrial city of Gijón in Asturias. Museo de la Gaita, Nicanor Piñole Museum, and Evaristo Valle Museum are some of the nearby museums. A trip to the Atlantic Botanical Garden, located just five minutes from the hotel, is sure to make your vacation truly unforgettable. You can enjoy the lush landscape as you stroll along the neighboring trails of Mirador de Deva. Best rates on official website start at EUR €65.  edit
  • Hotel Playa Poniente, Calle Marqués de San Esteban, 49 Gijon, Asturias, 33206 Spain, 985 34 60 63, [4]. Hotel Playa Poniente is strategically located at the center of Gijón, just 20 meters off the Poniente Beach and Marina. It is likewise close to the Council of Proaza and Restaurant Traslavilla. Rates start at EUR €35+.  edit
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