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Gilbert Ironside the younger (1632–1701) was an English churchman and academic, Warden of Wadham College, Oxford from 1667, bishop of Bristol and bishop of Hereford.

Life

He was the third son of Gilbert Ironside the elder, born at Winterbourne Abbas. On 14 November 1650 he matriculated at Wadham College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. on 4 February 1653, M.A. 22 June 1655, B.D. 12 October 1664, and D.D. 30 June 1666. He became scholar of his college in 1651, fellow in 1656, and was appointed public reader in grammar in 1659, bursar in 1659 and 1661, sub-warden in 1660, and librarian in 1662. He was presented in 1663 to the rectory of Winterbourne Faringdon by Sir John Miller, with which he held from 1666, in succession to his father, the rectory of Winterbourne Steepleton.

On the promotion of Walter Blandford to the see of Oxford in 1667, he was elected Warden of Wadham, an office which he held for twenty-five years. According to Anthony Wood, he was strongly opposed to the high-handed John Fell, and refused to serve as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford during his lifetime. After Fell's death in 1686, he filled the office from 1687 to 1689, and when James II made his visit to Oxford in September 1687, with the view of compelling Magdalen to admit his nominee Anthony Farmer as President, Ironside in a discussion with the king insisted on the fellows' rights. He declined in November an invitation to dine with the king's special commissioners on the evening after they had expelled the fellows of Magdalen.

After the Glorious Revolution, Ironside was rewarded for his resistance by being appointed bishop of Bristol; the diocese was poor, and Ironside was consecrated, 13 October 1689, on the understanding that he should be translated to a more lucrative see when opportunity offered. On the death of Herbert Croft, he was transferred to the see of Hereford in July 1691. He died on 27 August 1701, and was buried in the church of St. Mary Somerset, Thames Street, London. On the demolition of that church in 1867, the bishop's remains were transferred to Hereford Cathedral. When about sixty years of age, according to Wood, Ironside married a widow of Bristol, nee Robinson.

Works

Ironside published, with a short preface, Nicholas Ridley's account of a disputation at Oxford on the sacrament, together with a letter of John Bradford's (Oxford, 1688), and a sermon preached before the king on 23 November 1684 (Oxford, 1685). A portrait is in the hall of Wadham College.

This article incorporates text from the entry Ironside, Gilbert (1632-1701) in the Dictionary of National Biography (1885–1900), a publication now in the public domain.

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