Gilliam County, Oregon: Wikis

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Gilliam County, Oregon
Map of Oregon highlighting Gilliam County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Seat Condon
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,223 sq mi (3,168 km²)
1,204 sq mi (3,118 km²)
19 sq mi (49 km²), 1.53%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1,915
3/sq mi (1/km²)
Founded February 25, 1885
CondonGilliamcourthouse.jpg
Gilliam County Courthouse in Condon
Website www.co.gilliam.or.us

Gilliam County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. The county was established in 1885 and is named for Cornelius Gilliam, who commanded the forces of the provisional government of Oregon after the Whitman Massacre. In 2000, the population was 1,915. The seat of the county is Condon.

Contents

History

For untold generations, American Indians traversed the county on well-worn trails to reach fishing, hunting, foraging, and trading areas; but had claimed no tribal lands. Many of these trails are still visible in the rangeland. The first non-native people in the area were Americans following the Oregon Trail to the Willamette Valley. In the late 19th century, settlers arrived from the midwestern and eastern United States and Europe to stay and build farms and communities. Many settlers were also part of a larger reverse migration of people who had originally settled in the Willamette Valley.

The Legislative Assembly created Gilliam County on February 25, 1885, from the eastern third of Wasco County after residents complained that they were too far from the county seat in The Dalles. The first county seat was at Alkali, now Arlington. The question of a permanent county seat was placed on general election ballots in 1886, 1888, and again in 1890, when voters chose to move the county seat to Condon, known to early settlers as "Summit Springs." Once the question of the location of the county seat was settled, voters in Gilliam County proved reluctant to provide a courthouse in Condon. The county government operated out of a two-room house until 1903, when the county court appropriated money to construct a courthouse. This courthouse burned down in 1954 and was replaced the following year with the current courthouse.

Economy

Gilliam County is in the heart of the Columbia River Plateau wheat-growing region. The economy is based on agriculture, and wheat, barley and beef cattle are the principal products. Properties are large, with an average farm size of about 4,200 acres (17 km²).

Gilliam County is also home to numerous wind farms and stands in the center of wind industry expansion in the state of Oregon. In 2010, construction will begin on Shepherds Flat Wind Farm, currently slated to be the world's largest land based wind plant.[1]

The largest individual employers in the county are two subsidiaries of Waste Management Inc., Chemical Waste Management of the Northwest and Oregon Waste Systems, Inc., who run two regional waste disposal landfills. By levying a fee of $1 a ton, Gilliam County receives enough money to pay the first $500 of the property tax bills of its inhabitants, an amount that covers the full tax bill for almost half of the county inhabitants, as well as funding other county projects.

Hunting, fishing and tourism are secondary industries. Transportation also contributes to the local economy; two major rivers, the John Day and Columbia, cross the area east-to-west, as does Interstate 84. Oregon Route 19 connects the county's major cities north-to-south and provides access to the John Day Valley.

Politics

Though Gilliam County is located in central Oregon, politically it falls in line with the eastern side of the state. The majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Gilliam County, as well as most counties in eastern Oregon, are members of the Republican Party.[2] In the 2008 presidential election, 58.36% of Gilliam County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 38.74% voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 2.88% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate.[3] These numbers show a small but clear shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 66.3% of Gilliam Country voters voted for George W. Bush, while 32.5% voted for John Kerry, and 1.2% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate.[4]

Gilliam.gif[2]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,223 square miles (3,167 km²), of which, 1,204 square miles (3,119 km²) of it is land and 19 square miles (49 km²) of it (1.53%) is water.

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Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,915 people, 819 households, and 543 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,043 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.76% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.84% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 1.15% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 1.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.2% were of German, 18.1% American, 12.6% English, 12.5% Irish and 5.3% Scottish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 819 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,611, and the median income for a family was $41,477. Males had a median income of $30,915 versus $20,852 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,659. About 6.70% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.00% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

  • Blalock
  • Clem
  • Heppner Junction
  • Mayville
  • Mikkalo
  • Olex
  • Rock Creek
  • Thirtymile

References

External links

Coordinates: 45°23′N 120°13′W / 45.38°N 120.21°W / 45.38; -120.21


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Gilliam County, Oregon
Map
File:Map of Oregon highlighting Gilliam County.png
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the USA highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded February 25, 1885
Seat Condon
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.53%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1915

Gilliam County is located in the U.S. state of Oregon. The county was established in 1885 and is named for Cornelius Gilliam, who commanded the forces of the provisional government of Oregon after the Whitman Massacre. In 2000, the population was 1,915. The seat of the county is Condon.

Contents

Economy

Gilliam County is in the heart of the Columbia Plateau wheat-growing region. The economy is based on agriculture, and wheat, barley and beef cattle are the principal products. Properties are large, with an average farm size of about 4,200 acres (17 km²).

The largest individual employers in the county are two subsidiaries of Waste Management Inc., Chemical Waste Management of the Northwest and Oregon Waste Systems, Inc., who run two regional waste disposal landfills. By levying a fee of $1 a ton, Gilliam County receives enough money to pay the first $500 of the property tax bills of its inhabitants, an amount that covers the full tax bill for almost half of the county inhabitants, as well as funding other county projects.

Hunting, fishing and tourism are secondary industries. Transportation also contributes to the local economy; two major rivers, the John Day and Columbia, cross the area east-to-west, as does Interstate 84. State highway 19 connects the county's major cities north-to-south and provides access to the John Day Valley.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,167 km² (1,223 sq mi). 3,119 km² (1,204 sq mi) of it is land and 49 km² (19 sq mi) of it (1.53%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 1,915 people, 819 households, and 543 families residing in the county. The population density was 1/km² (2/sq mi). There were 1,043 housing units at an average density of 0/km² (1/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.76% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.84% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 1.15% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 1.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 819 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,611, and the median income for a family was $41,477. Males had a median income of $30,915 versus $20,852 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,659. About 6.70% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.00% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

History

For many years, Native Americans had traversed the county on well-worn trails to reach fishing, hunting, foraging, and trading areas. Many of these trails are still visible in the rangeland. The first non-native people in the area were Americans following the Oregon Trail to the Willamette Valley. In the late 19th century, settlers arrived from the midwestern and eastern United States and Europe to stay and build farms and communities. Many settlers were also part of a larger reverse migration of people who had originally settled in the Willamette Valley.

The Legislative Assembly created Gilliam County on February 25, 1885, from the eastern third of Wasco County after residents complained that they were too far from the county seat in The Dalles. The first county seat was at Alkali, now Arlington. The question of a permanent county seat was placed on general election ballots in 1886, 1888, and again in 1890, when voters chose to move the county seat to Condon, known to early settlers as "Summit Springs." Once the question of the location of the county seat was settled, voters in Gilliam County proved reluctant to provide a courthouse in Condon. The county government operated out of a two-room house until 1903, when the county court appropriated money to construct a courthouse.

Communities

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

External links

Coordinates: 45°23′N 120°13′W / 45.38, -120.21

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Gilliam County, Oregon. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Gilliam County, OregonRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Oregon  +
Short name Gilliam County  +

This article uses material from the "Gilliam County, Oregon" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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