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Giro d'Italia
2010 Giro d'Italia
Giro d'Italia logo.png
The 90°Giro d'Italia logo
Race details
Date May-June
Region Italy
English name Tour of Italy
Local name(s) Giro d'Italia (Italian)
Discipline Road
Type Grand Tour
Organiser RCS Sport
History
First edition 1909
Editions 92 (as of 2009)
First winner  Luigi Ganna (ITA)
Most wins 5 wins:
 Alfredo Binda (ITA)
 Fausto Coppi (ITA)
 Eddy Merckx (BEL)
Most recent  Denis Menchov (RUS)

The Giro d'Italia (Tour of Italy), also simply known as The Giro, is a long distance road bicycle racing stage race for professional cyclists held over three weeks in May/early June in and around Italy. It is one of the three Grand Tours, and is part of the UCI World Ranking calendar. The most recent winner (2009) is Denis Menchov.

Contents

History

The Giro was inspired by the Tour de France, and just as the French race was intended to boost circulation of L'Auto, so Emilio Costamagna, the editor of La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper, aimed to increase his circulation. The first Giro d'Italia started on May 13, 1909 at Milan, with eight stages totalling 2,448 kilometres (1,521 miles). Luigi Ganna was the first winner.

The Giro is the second most important stage race in the world (after the Tour), and along with the Tour and the Road World Cycling Championship it makes up the Triple Crown of Cycling. The Tour de France, the Giro and the Vuelta a España are the three Grand Tours of the road bicycle racing season.

Classifications

Whereas the overall leader of the Tour de France is awarded a yellow jersey (originally to correspond with L'Auto 's yellow pages), since 1931 the leader of the general classification in the Giro sports the maglia rosa (pink jersey), which corresponds with newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport 's pink newsprint. The leader of the mountains classification wears the maglia verde (green jersey). The leader of the points classification wears the maglia ciclamino (mauve jersey), the best young rider wears the maglia bianca (white jersey).

The maglia rosa from the 88th edition of the race in 2005.

Italian Felice Gimondi holds the record for the most podium finishes: nine in total, consisting of three victories, two second places and four third place finishes.

In the 1940s, there also was a black jersey, for the cyclist who was last in the general classification.

General classification

The maglia rosa, or pink jersey, is worn each day by the cyclist with the fastest overall time up to that point of the Giro. The rider wearing the jersey may change from day to day, but given the glory and extra exposure for the team, individual and sponsor of the rider who holds the jersey, teams often make extra efforts to keep the jersey on the race leader from day to day. In fact, each team brings several pink jerseys to the race in case one of their riders becomes the leader. The cyclist with the lowest time at the end of the Giro's last stage wins the Giro. This is similar to the Yellow jersey used in the Tour de France.

Mountains classification

During mountain stages of the race, points are awarded to the rider who is first to reach the top of each significant climb. Points are also awarded for riders who closely follow the leader up each climb. The number of points awarded varies according to the hill classification, which is determined by the steepness and length of that particular hill. The green jersey is worn by the rider who, at the start of each stage, has the largest amount of climbing points. If a rider holds both the pink and green jerseys, the green jersey is worn by the rider in second place. At the end of the Giro, the rider holding the most climbing points wins the climbing competition. In fact, some riders, particularly those who are neither sprinters nor particularly good at time-trialing, may attempt only to win this particular competition within the race. This is a similar competition to the polka dot jersey award of the Tour de France, except that the Giro uses three categories for mountains while the Tour uses five. In the Giro, there are no Hors Catégorie or fourth-category ratings. Also, the Cima Coppi, the highest point reached in a particular Giro, is worth more points than the race's other first-category climbs.[1] In 2009, this classification was won by Stefano Garzelli.

Points classification

Points are given to the rider who is first to reach the end of, or determined places during, any stage of the Giro. The jersey is worn by the rider who at the start of each stage, has the largest amount of points. The rider whom at the end of the Giro, holds the most points, wins the points competition. This is a similar competition as the green jersey of the Tour de France, with one key difference. Whereas in the Tour de France flat stages award more points than climbing stages, in the Giro all stages award the same points on the same scale. The stage win awards 25 points, second place is worth 20 points, third 16, fourth 14, fifth 12, sixth 10, and one point less per place down the line, to a single point for fifteenth. The 2009 winner was Danilo Di Luca.

In addition, stages can have one or more intermediate sprints: 6, 4, and 2 points are awarded to the first three cyclists passing these lines. These points also count toward the TV classification (Traguardo Volante, or "flying sprint"), a separate award.

Youth Competition

The youth competition is a competition within the giro, celebrating young riders. The white jersey is given to the rider under the age of 25 who gets the highest ranking in the general classification. In 2009 it was won by Kevin Seeldraeyers.

List of overall winners

Giro Year Winner Nationality Team
92 2009 Denis Menchov  Russia Rabobank
91 2008 Alberto Contador  Spain Astana
90 2007 Danilo Di Luca  Italy Liquigas
89 2006 Ivan Basso  Italy Team CSC
88 2005 Paolo Savoldelli (2nd win)  Italy Discovery Channel
87 2004 Damiano Cunego  Italy Saeco
86 2003 Gilberto Simoni (2nd win)  Italy Saeco
85 2002 Paolo Savoldelli  Italy Index-Alexia
84 2001 Gilberto Simoni  Italy Lampre-Daikin
83 2000 Stefano Garzelli  Italy Mercatone Uno
82 1999 Ivan Gotti (2nd win)  Italy Polti
81 1998 Marco Pantani  Italy Mercatone Uno
80 1997 Ivan Gotti  Italy Saeco
79 1996 Pavel Tonkov  Russia Ceramiche Panaria-Vinavil
78 1995 Tony Rominger  Switzerland Mapei-GB-Latexco
77 1994 Eugeni Berzin  Russia Gewiss-Ballan
76 1993 Miguel Indurain (2nd win)  Spain Banesto
75 1992 Miguel Indurain  Spain Banesto
74 1991 Franco Chioccioli  Italy del Tongo
73 1990 Gianni Bugno  Italy Chateau d'Ax
72 1989 Laurent Fignon  France Super U-Raleigh-Fiat
71 1988 Andrew Hampsten  United States 7-Eleven
70 1987 Stephen Roche  Ireland Carrera-Vagabond
69 1986 Roberto Visentini  Italy Carrera-Inoxpran
68 1985 Bernard Hinault (3rd win)  France La Vie Claire
67 1984 Francesco Moser  Italy Gis-Tuc Lu
66 1983 Giuseppe Saronni (2nd win)  Italy Del Tongo
65 1982 Bernard Hinault (2nd win)  France Renault-Elf-Gitane
64 1981 Giovanni Battaglin  Italy Inoxpran
63 1980 Bernard Hinault  France Renault-Elf-Gitane
62 1979 Giuseppe Saronni  Italy Scic
61 1978 Johan de Muynck  Belgium Bianchi-Faema
60 1977 Michel Pollentier  Belgium Flandria-Velda
59 1976 Felice Gimondi (3rd win)  Italy Bianchi-Campagnolo
58 1975 Fausto Bertoglio  Italy Jollyceramica
57 1974 Eddy Merckx (5th win)  Belgium Molteni
56 1973 Eddy Merckx (4th win)  Belgium Molteni
55 1972 Eddy Merckx (3rd win)  Belgium Molteni
54 1971 Gösta Pettersson  Sweden Ferretti
53 1970 Eddy Merckx (2nd win)  Belgium Faema
52 1969 Felice Gimondi (2nd win)  Italy Faema
51 1968 Eddy Merckx  Belgium Faema
50 1967 Felice Gimondi  Italy Salvarani
49 1966 Gianni Motta  Italy Molteni
48 1965 Vittorio Adorni  Italy Salvarani
47 1964 Jacques Anquetil (2nd win)  France St.Raphael
46 1963 Franco Balmamion (2nd win)  Italy Carpano
45 1962 Franco Balmamion  Italy Carpano
44 1961 Arnaldo Pambianco  Italy Fides
43 1960 Jacques Anquetil  France Fynsec
42 1959 Charly Gaul (2nd win)  Luxembourg Emi G. S.
41 1958 Ercole Baldini  Italy Legnano
40 1957 Gastone Nencini  Italy Chlorodont
39 1956 Charly Gaul  Luxembourg Faema-Guerra
38 1955 Fiorenzo Magni (3rd win)  Italy Nivea-Fuchs
37 1954 Carlo Clerici  Switzerland Faema-Guerra
36 1953 Fausto Coppi (5th win)  Italy Bianchi-Pirelli
35 1952 Fausto Coppi (4th win)  Italy Bianchi-Pirelli
34 1951 Fiorenzo Magni (2nd win)  Italy Ganna
33 1950 Hugo Koblet  Switzerland Guerra
32 1949 Fausto Coppi (3rd win)  Italy Bianchi-Ursus
31 1948 Fiorenzo Magni  Italy Willier Triestina
30 1947 Fausto Coppi (2nd win)  Italy Bianchi
29 1946 Gino Bartali (3rd win)  Italy Legnano
1941 to 1945: suspended because of World War II
28 1940 Fausto Coppi Italy Italy Legnano
27 1939 Giovanni Valetti (2nd win) Italy Italy France Sport-Wobler
26 1938 Giovanni Valetti Italy Italy Fresjus
25 1937 Gino Bartali (2nd win) Italy Italy Legnano
24 1936 Gino Bartali Italy Italy Legnano
23 1935 Vasco Bergamaschi Italy Italy Maino-Girardengo
22 1934 Learco Guerra Italy Italy Maino-Clement
21 1933 Alfredo Binda (5th win) Italy Italy Legnano
20 1932 Antonio Pesenti Italy Italy Dei
19 1931 Francesco Camusso Italy Italy Gloria
18 1930 Luigi Marchisio Italy Italy Legnano
17 1929 Alfredo Binda (4th win) Italy Italy Legnano
16 1928 Alfredo Binda (3rd win) Italy Italy Legnano
15 1927 Alfredo Binda (2nd win) Italy Italy Legnano
14 1926 Giovanni Brunero (3rd win) Italy Italy Legnano
13 1925 Alfredo Binda Italy Italy Legnano
12 1924 Giuseppe Enrici Italy Italy
11 1923 Costante Girardengo (2nd win) Italy Italy Maino
10 1922 Giovanni Brunero (2nd win) Italy Italy Legnano
9 1921 Giovanni Brunero Italy Italy Legnano
8 1920 Gaetano Belloni Italy Italy Bianchi
7 1919 Costante Girardengo Italy Italy Stucchi
1915 to 1918: suspended because of World War I
6 1914 Alfonso Calzolari Italy Italy Stucchi
5 1913 Carlo Oriani Italy Italy Maino
4[2] 1912 Team Atala
Carlo Galetti (3rd win), Giovanni Micheletto, Eberardo Pavesi[3]
Italy Italy Team Atala
3 1911 Carlo Galetti (2nd win) Italy Italy Bianchi
2 1910 Carlo Galetti Italy Italy Team Atala
1 1909 Luigi Ganna Italy Italy Italy

Victories per country

Rank Country Victories
1  Italy 65
2  Belgium 7
3  France 6
4  Switzerland 3
 Spain 3
 Russia 3
7  Luxembourg 2
8  Ireland 1
 United States 1
 Sweden 1

Giro d'Italia stage victories

Rank Name Country Wins[4]
1 Mario Cipollini  Italy 42
2 Alfredo Binda  Italy 41
3 Learco Guerra  Italy 31
4 Costante Girardengo  Italy 30
5 Eddy Merckx  Belgium 25
6 Alessandro Petacchi  Italy 24
Giuseppe Saronni  Italy 24
8 Francesco Moser  Italy 23
9 Fausto Coppi  Italy 22
Roger De Vlaeminck  Belgium 22
11 Franco Bitossi  Italy 21
12 Giuseppe Olmo  Italy 20
Miguel Poblet  Spain 20

Records

  • Most Giro d'Italia victories: 5 by Alfredo Binda, Fausto Coppi, and Eddy Merckx
  • Most days in the maglia rosa: 76 by Eddy Merckx
  • Most stage victories in one Giro d'Italia: 12 by Alfredo Binda in 1927
  • Most consecutive stage victories: 8 by Alfredo Binda in the 1929 Giro d'Italia
  • Smallest margin of victory: Fiorenzo Magni wins by 11 seconds over Ezio Cecchi in 1948
  • Longest Giro d'Italia: 4,337 km in 1954
  • Shortest Giro d'Italia: 2,245 km in 1909
  • Most Competitors in one Giro d'Italia: 298 riders in 1928
  • Least Competitors in one Giro d'Italia: 56 riders in 1912
  • Fewest Finishers in one Giro d'Italia: 8 people finished in 1914
  • Longest Breakaway: 222 km by Antonio Menendez in 1976
  • Youngest Rider to win the Giro d'Italia: Fausto Coppi in 1940 he was 20 years, 8 months and 25 days old
  • Oldest Rider to win the Giro d'Italia: Fiorenzo Magni in 1955 he was 35 years old
  • Shortest Stage: 1.15 km in 2005
  • Most times on the podium: Felice Gimondi 3 wins, 2-time second placed; 4-time third placed

[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Laura Weislo (2008-05-13). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. http://autobus.cyclingnews.com/road/2008/giro08/?id=/features/2008/giro_classifications08. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  2. ^ The 1912 Giro was run as a team competition.
  3. ^ Luigi Ganna, also member of Team Atala, retired during the fifth stage.
  4. ^ "87th Giro d'Italia: a bit of History". dailypeloton.com. http://www.dailypeloton.com/displayarticle.asp?pk=5226. Retrieved 2007-10-29. 
  5. ^ http://autobus.cyclingnews.com/road/2009/giro09/?id=/features/2009/giro09_50facts

Simple English

, the pink jersey]] The Giro d'Italia, or Tour of Italy, is a famous bicycle race held in Italy, every spring. It is one of the most famous, and best paid bicycle races. The first race was in 1909. It started because the editor of a newspaper called La Gazzetta dello Sport wanted more people to read his newspaper. He planned a race similar to the Tour de France, which had started in 1903.

The leader of the race wears a pink jersey (called the [[maglia rosa]]. This is because pink is the colour of La Gazzetta dello Sport. The leader of the mountain climbing competition wears a green jersey (called the maglia verde), and the leader of the sprinters' competition wears a mauve jersey (called the maglia ciclamino). The leader of the young rider's competition wears a white jersey (called the maglia bianca). This is the same as the young riders' competition in the Tour de France.

Winners of the Giro d'Italia

Giro Year Winner Nationality Team
93 2010 Ivan Basso Liquigas
92 2009 Denis Menchov File:Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Rabobank
91 2008 Alberto Contador Velasco Astana
90 2007 Danilo Di Luca Liquigas
89 2006 Ivan Basso Team CSC
88 2005 Paolo Savoldelli (2) Discovery Channel
87 2004 Damiano Cunego Saeco
86 2003 Gilberto Simoni (2) Saeco
85 2002 Paolo Savoldelli Index-Alexia
84 2001 Gilberto Simoni Lampre-Daikin
83 2000 Stefano Garzelli Mercatone Uno
82 1999 Ivan Gotti (2) Polti
81 1998 Marco Pantani Mercatone Uno
80 1997 Ivan Gotti Saeco
79 1996 Pavel Tonkov File:Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Mapei-GB
78 1995 Tony Rominger Mapei-GB
77 1994 Eugeni Berzin File:Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Gewiss-Ballan
76 1993 Miguel Indurain (2) Banesto
75 1992 Miguel Indurain Banesto
74 1991 Franco Chioccioli del Tongo
73 1990 Gianni Bugno Chateau d'Ax
72 1989 Laurent Fignon Super U-Raleigh-Fiat
71 1988 Andrew Hampsten 7-Eleven
70 1987 Stephen Roche Carrera-Vagabond
69 1986 Roberto Visentini Carrera-Inoxpran
68 1985 Bernard Hinault (3) La Vie Claire
67 1984 Francesco Moser Gis-Tuc Lu
66 1983 Giuseppe Saronni (2) Del Tongo
65 1982 Bernard Hinault (2) Renault-Elf-Gitane
64 1981 Giovanni Battaglin Inoxpran
63 1980 Bernard Hinault Renault-Elf-Gitane
62 1979 Giuseppe Saronni Scic
61 1978 Johan de Muynck Bianchi-Faema
60 1977 Michel Pollentier Flandria-Velda
59 1976 Felice Gimondi (3) Bianchi-Campagnolo
58 1975 Fausto Bertoglio Jollyceramica
57 1974 Eddy Merckx (5) Molteni
56 1973 Eddy Merckx (4) Molteni
55 1972 Eddy Merckx (3) Molteni
54 1971 Gösta Pettersson Ferretti
53 1970 Eddy Merckx (2) Faema
52 1969 Felice Gimondi (2) Faema
51 1968 Eddy Merckx Faema
50 1967 Felice Gimondi Salvarani
49 1966 Gianni Motta Molteni
48 1965 Vittorio Adorni Salvarani
47 1964 Jacques Anquetil (2) St.Raphael
46 1963 Franco Balmamion (2) Carpano
45 1962 Franco Balmamion Carpano
44 1961 Arnaldo Pambianco Fides
43 1960 Jacques Anquetil Fynsec
42 1959 Charly Gaul (2) Emi G. S.
41 1958 Ercole Baldini Legnano
40 1957 Gastone Nencini Chlorodont
39 1956 Charly Gaul Faema-Guerra
38 1955 Fiorenzo Magni (3) Nivea-Fuchs
37 1954 Carlo Clerici Faema-Guerra
36 1953 Fausto Coppi (5) Bianchi-Pirelli
35 1952 Fausto Coppi (4) Bianchi-Pirelli
34 1951 Fiorenzo Magni (2) Ganna
33 1950 Hugo Koblet Guerra
32 1949 Fausto Coppi (3) Bianchi-Ursus
31 1948 Fiorenzo Magni Willier Triestina
30 1947 Fausto Coppi (2) Bianchi
29 1946 Gino Bartali (3) Legnano
1941 to 1945: no race because of World War II
28 1940 Fausto Coppi File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
27 1939 Giovanni Valetti (2) File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy France Sport-Wobler
26 1938 Giovanni Valetti File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Fresjus
25 1937 Gino Bartali (2) File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
24 1936 Gino Bartali File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
23 1935 Vasco Bergamaschi File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Maino-Girardengo
22 1934 Learco Guerra File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Maino-Clement
21 1933 Alfredo Binda (5) File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
20 1932 Antonio Pesenti File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Dei
19 1931 Francesco Camusso File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Gloria
18 1930 Luigi Marchisio File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
17 1929 Alfredo Binda (4) File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
16 1928 Alfredo Binda (3) File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
15 1927 Alfredo Binda (2) File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
14 1926 Giovanni Brunero (3) File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
13 1925 Alfredo Binda File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
12 1924 Giuseppe Enrici File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy
11 1923 Costante Girardengo File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Maino
10 1922 Giovanni Brunero (2) File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
9 1921 Giovanni Brunero File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Legnano
8 1920 Gaetano Belloni File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Bianchi
7 1919 Costante Girardengo File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Stucchi
1915 to 1918: no race because of World War I
6 1914 Alfonso Calzolari File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Stucchi
5 1913 Carlo Oriani File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Maino
4 1912 Team Atala: Carlo Galetti (3),
Giovanni Micheletto,
Eberardo Pavesi
File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Team Atala
3 1911 Carlo Galetti (2) File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Bianchi
2 1910 Carlo Galetti File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Team Atala
1 1909 Luigi Ganna File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy Team Atala








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