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Coat of Arms of Gironde
Location of Gironde in France
Department number: 33
Region: Aquitaine
Prefecture: Bordeaux
Subprefectures: Arcachon
Arrondissements: 6
Cantons: 63
Communes: 542
President of the General Council: Philippe Madrelle
Population Ranked 9th
 -2006 1,393,758
Population density: 139/km2
Land area¹: 10,000 km2
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Gironde (Occitan: Gironda) is a common name for the Gironde Estuary, where the mouths of the Garonne and Dordogne rivers merge, and for a department in the Aquitaine region situated in southwest France.



Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascogne.

From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists.


Gironde is part of the current region of Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department of metropolitan France.

It is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birth place of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.


The President of the General Council is Philippe Madrelle of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 45
Union for a Popular Movement 12
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 1
MoDem 1
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition 1

See also

External links

Coordinates: 44°50′N 00°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel


Gironde is a department of the Aquitaine region in Southwestern France.


-Noisettines du Medoc : A confectionnery made in Medoc since 1981 in the north of Aquitaine. It is based on high quality hazelnuts, gauged and unshelled.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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