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Gita Sahgal
Born 1956/1957 (age 53–54)
India
Residence England
Alma mater School of Oriental and African Studies[1]
Occupation Writer, journalist, film director, human rights activist.
Employer Amnesty International; Head of Gender Unit[2]
Known for Suspended by Amnesty as head of its Gender Unit, after criticizing it for its links with Moazzam Begg
Religion Atheist
Parents Nayantara Sahgal (mother)
Relatives Vijayalakshmi Pandit (grandmother); Jawaharlal Nehru (great uncle)

Gita Sahgal, born 1956/1957 (age 53–54) in India,[3] is a writer and journalist on issues of feminism, fundamentalism, and racism, a director of prize-winning documentary films, and a human rights activist.[4]

Sahgal has battled suppression of women by religious fundamentalists.[5] She has been a co-founder and active member of women's organizations.[1][6] She has also been head of Amnesty International's Gender Unit, and one of Amnesty's leading voices against oppression of women.[7][6]

In February 2010 she was suspended by Amnesty as head of its Gender Unit after she was quoted by The Sunday Times in an article about Amnesty, criticizing Amnesty for its high-profile associations with Moazzam Begg, the director of a campaign group called Cageprisoners, whom she referred to as "Britain's most famous supporter of the Taliban".[8] Amnesty responded that she was not suspended "for raising these issues internally." Among those who spoke up in her support was Salman Rushdie.

Contents

Family and education

Sahgal's great-uncle,
former Indian Prime Minister Nehru

Sahgal is originally from India, and now lives in England.

She is the daughter of novelist Nayantara Sahgal. She is also the great-niece of former Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, and the grandaughter of his sister Vijayalakshmi Pandit.[9][10]

Schooled first in India, she then graduated from London’s School of Oriental and African Studies.[1]

Career

Women's organizations

She co-founded in 1979 and has been an active member of Southall Black Sisters, a non-profit organisation based in Southall, West London, that has worked against domestic violence and bigotry.[1][6][11] She also co-founded in 1989 and has actively participated with Women against Fundamentalism, which was formed to challenge the rise of fundamentalism in all religions.[1][6][12]

Writing

Among her various writings, in 1992, she contributed to and co-edited Refusing holy orders: women and fundamentalism in Britain with Nira Yuval-Davis.

Film producer

In 2002 she was the producer of "Tying the Knot". The film was commissioned by the U.K.'s Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Community Liaison Unit, which was set up to handle the problem of British victims of forced marriage who have been, or may be, taken abroad to marry against their will. Sahgal said that while she was not against arranged marriage, she was against those that involve "pressure, emotional blackmail, the massive physical pressure of beatings and abduction".[13] The educational video on marriage and freedom of choice was produced for use in schools, youth groups, and other organisations working with young people, examines marriage across various cultures, and was designed to promote discussion on the issues it raises.[14]

She also made a film for Despatches, one of British TV’s main investigative documentary programs, on the subject of Kiranjit Ahluwalia, a Punjabi woman brought to the UK by arranged marriage who was abused by her husband, set him on fire when he was drunk and asleep—killing him, and won the subsequent legal battle for her freedom.[15]

Rape

In her early years in Delhi, India, Sahgal was part of a feminist network that fought against rape and dowry laws.[6]

Commenting on the use of rape in wars, Sahgal said in 2004 that it is a mistake to think such assaults are primarily about "spoils of war" or sexual gratification. She said rape is often used in ethnic conflicts as a way for attackers to perpetuate social control and redraw ethnic boundaries. "Women are seen as the reproducers and carers of the community," she said.[16]

Prostitution and peacekeeping efforts

Sahgal spoke out in 2004 with regard to the fact that prostitution and sex abuse crops up wherever humanitarian intervention efforts are set up. She observed: "The issue with the UN is that peacekeeping operations unfortunately seem to be doing the same thing that other militaries do. Even the guardians have to be guarded."[17]

Detention and torture of Muslim men

Sahgal vociferously condemned the detention and torture of Muslim men at Guantanamo Bay.[18] She told Moazzam Begg, a former Guantanamo Bay detainee, that she is “horrified and appalled” by the treatment of people like him.[18]

Amnesty International controversy; Moazzam Begg and Cageprisoners

Sahgal quote and suspension

She came to wide public attention in February 2010, when she was suspended by Amnesty International as head of the organisation's Gender Unit, after she was quoted by The Sunday Times in an article about Amnesty, criticizing Amnesty for its high-profile associations with Moazzam Begg, the director of a campaign group called Cageprisoners.[19][20]

She said:

To be appearing on platforms with Britain’s most famous supporter of the Taliban [Begg], whom we treat as a human rights defender, is a gross error of judgment.[19][21]

Sahgal argued that by associating itself with Begg and Cageprisoners, Amnesty is risking its reputation on human rights.[19][22][23][24] "As a former Guantanamo detainee, it was legitimate to hear his experiences, but as a supporter of the Taliban it was absolutely wrong to legitimise him as a partner,” Sahgal said.[19]

Begg spent time at a mujahideen training camp in Afghanistan in 1993, where the camp's leader told him: “To me jihad is a drug I’m allowed to take and I always come back for more ... As long as Muslim lands [such as Kashmir and Israel] are occupied, I have vowed to fight for their liberation”.[21] Begg wrote in 2006 that his time at the training camp:

was a life-changing experience for me.... I had met men who seemed to me exemplary in their faith and self-sacrifice, and seen a world that awed and inspired me.[25][21]

In 2001, Taliban police in Afghanistan were beating women for improper dress, had fired all women in public service, had effectively abolished education for women, and were engaging in Friday stonings and amputations in applying sharia law.[18][21] Begg wrote in his autobiography that in 2001 the Taliban had made "some modest progress—in social justice and upholding pure, old Islamic values forgotten in many Islamic countries".[18][21] He also said that the Taliban was "better than anything Afghanistan has had in 20 years".[19] Begg said later that it was his perception at the time, and that since then he has criticised the Taliban for human rights abuses.[18][21][26] Cageprisoners has championed, among others, al-Qaeda member Anwar al-Awlaki (linked to three of the 9/11 bombers, the Fort Hood shooter, and the Christmas Day 2009 bomber), Abu Hamza, Sajid Badat, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, and Abu Qatada.[19][21]

Amnesty has brought Begg (representing Cageprisoners) to a meeting at Downing Street delivering a letter to U.K. Prime Minister Gordon Brown demanding the closure of Guantanamo Bay, hosted Begg on a European tour urging countries to offer safe haven to Guantanamo detainees, and paid expenses for his attendance at its events.[19]

The Sunday Times published an article about Amnesty's association with groups that support the Taliban and promote "Islamic Right" ideas on 7 February 2010.[19][8] Sahgal spoke to the newspaper because she felt that for two years Amnesty had ignored her concerns on the subject.[19] Sahgal's views on Amnesty's high-profile associations with Begg and Cageprisoners were quoted.[8] Within a few hours of the article being published, Amnesty suspended her.[8]

Sahgal statements

Sahgal issued a statement in which she explained further that she felt that Amnesty was risking its reputation by associating with and thereby politically legitimizing Begg, because Cageprisoners "actively promotes Islamic Right ideas and individuals".[8] She headed off the argument that the issue was Begg's rights, by saying she has always opposed the illegal detention and torture of Muslim men, and been "horrified and appalled" by the treatment of people like Begg. But that the issue is not about Begg’s "freedom of opinion, nor about his right to propound his views: he already exercises these rights fully as he should. The issue is ... the importance of the human rights movement maintaining an objective distance from groups and ideas that are committed to systematic discrimination and fundamentally undermine the universality of human rights."

Her statement also said in part:

A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when a great organisation must ask: if it lies to itself, can it demand the truth of others? ... Amnesty ... has sanitized the history and politics of ... Begg and completely failed to recognize the nature of ... Cageprisoners....
I sent two memos to my management asking a series of questions about what considerations were given to the nature of the relationship with ... Begg and ... Cageprisoners. I have received no answer.... Amnesty has created the impression that Begg is not only a victim of human rights violations, but a defender of human rights....
I have been a human rights campaigner for over three decades, defending the rights of women and ethnic minorities, defending religious freedom and the rights of victims of torture, and campaigning against illegal detention and state repression. I have raised the issue of the association of Amnesty International with groups such as Begg’s consistently within the organisation. I have now been suspended for trying to do my job and staying faithful to Amnesty’s mission to protect and defend human rights universally and impartially.[8]

On 27 February, she said in an interview on National Public Radio (NPR) that Amnesty had provided Begg with a platform and legitimized him as a human rights defender, while Cageprisoners promotes people who in turn promote "a violent and discriminatory agenda".[2] She also said that Cageprisoners' Asim Qureshi spoke supporting global jihad at a Hizb ut-Tahrir rally.[2] And she noted that Begg had run a bookshop, a bestseller of which was a book by jihad-promotor Abdullah Azzam—a mentor of Osama bin Laden, and a founder of Lashkar-e-Taiba, which has attacked civilians and been implicated in the 2008 Mumbai attacks.[2] In a separate interview, she pointed as well to Begg having attended jihadi training camps and sold books and videos promoting global jihad and terrorist attacks, to Quereshi having affirmed his support for global jihad on a BBC World Service programme, and said that "these things could have been stated in his introduction".[27]

Amnesty responses

Amnesty responded on its website with a statement by its interim Secretary General, Claudio Cordone:

[Sahgal] was not suspended ... for raising these issues internally... [Begg] speaks about his own views ..., not Amnesty International’s... Sometimes the people whose rights we defend may not share each others views–but they all have human rights, and all human rights are worth defending.[28]

Amnesty's Senior Director of International Law and Policy, Widney Brown, also spoke on the NPR program.[2] She said the fact that Begg's bookstore sold "books that undermine women's rights ... books that you don't like" shouldn't undermine him as a legitimate voice on Guantanamo Bay abuses.[2] Responding to the observation that Amnesty had sponsored his tours through Europe, which might be seen as more than just hearing his views, she said that because Begg was one of the first detainees released, he was able able to dispel Guantanamo Bay's secrecy.[2] She added that, as a British citizen, Begg has "an incredibly effective voice in talking to governments in Europe about the importance of" their accepting Guantanamo detainees.[2] As to the praiseworthiness of Sahgal's work, she said:

There's no question about it. Gita is incredibly intelligent, very strong analysis .... She's done great work for us. And I think the real tragedy of this particular circumstance is by going public in this particular way knowing that we were addressing her issue means that she's maybe undermining her own work in fact.[2]

Also, Amnesty's Cordone said on a Canadian radio program that he thought Begg's politics are benign, and that so far there was not any evidence to suggest that Amnesty should cut its ties with him.[29] Responding to criticism from Salman Rushdie, Kate Allen, director of Amnesty UK, said it took criticism “seriously” but would continue to seek “universal respect” for human rights.[30]

Amnesty’s international secretariat Policy Director, Anne Fitzgerad, when asked if she thought Begg was a human rights advocate, said: “It’s something you’d have to speak to him about. I don’t have the information to answer that.”[19]

Begg response

Begg said Sahgal's claims of jihadi connections and support for terrorism were "ridiculous."[19][31] He defended his support for the Taliban, saying: “We need to be engaging with those people who we find most unpalatable. I don’t consider anybody a terrorist until they have been charged and convicted of terrorism.”[19]

Reactions

Pro-Sahgal

Salman Rushdie, who was championed by Amnesty after Iran placed a fatwā on him for writing The Satanic Verses, said:

Amnesty ... has done its reputation incalculable damage by allying itself with Moazzam Begg and his group Cageprisoners, and holding them up as human rights advocates. It looks very much as if Amnesty's leadership is suffering from a kind of moral bankruptcy, and has lost the ability to distinguish right from wrong. It has greatly compounded its error by suspending the redoubtable Gita Sahgal for the crime of going public with her concerns. Gita Sahgal is a woman of immense integrity and distinction.... It is people like Gita Sahgal who are the true voices of the human rights movement; Amnesty and Begg have revealed, by their statements and actions, that they deserve our contempt.[32][33]

Denis MacShane, a Member of the British Parliament, wrote Amnesty protesting its suspension of Gita Sahgal: "one of its most respected researchers because she rightly called into question Amnesty’s endorsement of Mozzam Begg whose views on the Taliban and on Islamist jihad stand in total contradiction of everything Amnesty has fought for."[34] He called "Kafkaesque" the fact that Amnesty—"the very organisation meant to defend human rights"—would threaten the career of Sahgal for her having exposed "an ideology that denies human rights".[34]

Writing in The National Post, writer Christopher Hitchens said "It's well-nigh incredible that Amnesty should give a platform to people who are shady on this question and absolutely disgraceful that it should suspend a renowned employee who gave voice to her deep and sincere misgivings," writing in The Independent, journalist and human rights activist Joan Smith said "Amnesty's mistake is simple and egregious", and writing in The Spectator journalist Martin Bright said: "It is Gita Sahgal who should be the darling of the human rights establishment, not Moazzam Begg," and columnist Melanie Phillips wrote "her real crime has been to expose the extraordinary sympathy by white ‘liberals’, committed to ‘human rights’, for Islamic jihadists—who are committed to the extinction of human rights."[35][36][37][38] The Times (not connected to The Sunday Times) wrote: "In an extraordinary inversion of its traditional role, Amnesty has stifled its own still small voice of conscience," and journalist Nick Cohen wrote in The Observer "Amnesty is living in the make-believe world ... where it thinks that liberals are free to form alliances with defenders of clerical fascists who want to do everything in their power to suppress liberals, most notably liberal-minded Muslims."[39][40] Writer Michael Weiss opined in The Wall Street Journal that Sahgal had correctly characterized Begg, whom Weiss said has written favorably about the Taliban, and journalist Antara Dev Sen wrote in Daily News & Analysis: "It was a gutsy stand, given the dread of political correctness that cripples our thought and makes us bend over backwards till we almost topple over. ... Suspending Sahgal was an illiberal knee-jerk response unbecoming of this cherished human rights organisation."[29] Farrukh Dhondy wrote in her support, in The Asian Age, as did The Herald (Scotland), columnist and author Mona Charen in Australia's The Daily Advertiser, commentator Jonathan Power in Dubai's Khaleej Times, journalist and author Terry Glavin in the National Post, columnist Rod Liddle in The Spectator, columnist Jay Nordlinger in National Review, and David Aaronovitch in a column in The Times entitled "How Amnesty Chose the Wrong Poster-boy".[41][18][42][43][44][45][21] Feminist historian Urvashi Butalia also spoke up in her support.[6]

Her mother,
novelist Nayantara Sahgal

Sahgal's mother, Nehru’s niece novelist Nayantara Sahgal, said she was proud of Gita:

for her very correct and courageous stand. Gita had been taking up the matter for a couple of years now, but after not having received a response she decided to go public—which was a very brave thing to do.... Amnesty has been supporting Begg, legitimising him, making him a partner and sponsoring his tour of Europe. They should at least have checked his credentials. It simply gives them a bad reputation.[46]

An organization called Human rights for All formed in her defense.[47]

Mixed

Leaked extracts from an internal 10 February 2010, memo by Amnesty’s Asia-Pacific director Sam Zarifi, which echoed some of the concerns raised by Sahgal, were published by The Sunday Times.[48] In the memo he said Amnesty should publicly admit its mistake in not establishing sufficiently publicly that it does not support all or even many of Begg's views. Zarifi said Amnesty "did not always sufficiently distinguish between the rights of detainees to be free from torture, and the validity of their views", adding that the organization "did not always clarify that while we champion the rights of all—including terrorism suspects, and more important, victims of terrorism—we do not champion their views”.[49] In a subsequent letter to The Sunday Times, while Zarifi did not retract any of the above, he said he fully agreed with the measures Amnesty took in response to Sahgal sharing her views publicly.[50]

Pro-Begg

Author, former journalist, and Muslim convert Yvonne Ridley (who coincidentally was invited, along with Begg and Qureshi, to speak at University College London in 2007 by Christmas Day bomber Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab) said Begg was being “demonised”, and that he was “a great supporter of women and a promoter of their rights”.[21]

Select writings

Book

Chapters

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Shah, Neelima (19 February 2010). "It’s Very Human To Disagree; She feels the rip of Amnesty International’s barbs for speaking up; Neelima Shah on Gita Sahgal". Outlook. http://www.outlookindia.com/article.aspx?264315. Retrieved 21 February 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Is Amnesty International Supporting a Jihadist?". All Things Considered. NPR. 27 February 2010. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=124156482. Retrieved 28 February 2010. 
  3. ^ Hasan Suroor (9 February 2010). "Suroor, Hasan, "Amnesty in row over “collaborating” with pro-jehadis", The Hindu, 9 February 2010, accessed 16 February 2010". Beta.thehindu.com. http://beta.thehindu.com/news/international/article103279.ece. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "The situated politics of belonging – Google Books". Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=lang_en&id=6iy0cLkigiEC&oi=fnd&pg=PA205&dq=%22Gita+Sahgal%22&ots=AH_aL6Fol5&sig=lucO7p8ZlbF5dVOGtjYksPRKQ7M#v=onepage&q=%22Gita%20Sahgal%22&f=false. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Amit Roy (10 February 2010). "The Telegraph – Calcutta (Kolkata) | Frontpage | Amnesty suspends Nehru kin". Telegraphindia.com. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1100210/jsp/frontpage/story_12088582.jsp. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Nair, Malini (21 February 2010). "A fundamental question for human rights groups". Daily News & Review. http://www.dnaindia.com/world/report_a-fundamental-question-for-human-rights-groups_1350522. Retrieved 1 March 2010. 
  7. ^ "Women Against Fundamentalisms | Variant 16". Variant.org.uk. http://www.variant.org.uk/16texts/WAF.html. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Sahgal, Gita; http://www.spectator.co.uk/martinbright/5759197/gita-sahgal-a-statement.thtml+(7 February 2010). "Gita Sahgal: A Statement". 
  9. ^ "Amnesty suspends Nehru kin Gita Sahgal – NewsofAP.com – Andhra Pradesh News, Andhra News ,Andhra Pradesh, Telugu News". NewsofAP.com. http://www.newsofap.com/newsofap-5470-25-amnesty-suspends-nehru-kin-gita-sahgal-newsofap.html. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  10. ^ Hasan Suroor (9 February 2010). "The Hindu : News / International : Amnesty in row over “collaborating” with pro-jehadis". Beta.thehindu.com. http://beta.thehindu.com/news/international/article103279.ece. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  11. ^ ""Who Are SBS?", Southall Black Sisters, accessed 28 February 2010". Southallblacksisters.org.uk. http://www.southallblacksisters.org.uk/. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  12. ^ ""Who We Are", Women Against Fundamentalism, accessed 28 February 2010". Womenagainstfundamentalism.org.uk. http://www.womenagainstfundamentalism.org.uk/. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  13. ^ "Video on 'forced marriages' sent to schools," BBC News, 11 March 2002, accessed 21 February 2010
  14. ^ ""Baroness Amos launches ''Tying the Knot'', an educational video on marriage and freedom of choice," ''M2 Presswire'', 11 March 2002, accessed 16 February, 2010". Goliath.ecnext.com. 11 March 2002. http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-1583658/Baroness-Amos-launches-Tying-the.html. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  15. ^ The Thin Edge – Ruchir Joshi (10 June 2007). "Joshi, Ruchir, " Unprovoked-A historic moment swallowed by the box office," ''The Telegraph'', 10 June 2007, accessed 16 February 2010". Telegraphindia.com. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1070610/asp/opinion/story_7900361.asp. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  16. ^ "In Depth | How did rape become a weapon of war?". BBC News. 8 December 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/in_depth/4078677.stm. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  17. ^ Sex charges haunt UN forces; In places like Congo and Kosovo, peacekeepers have been accused of abusing the people they're protecting," Christian Science Monitor, 26 November 2004, accessed 16 February 2010
  18. ^ a b c d e f "The right-on are wrong to champion so-called victims". The Herald (Scotland). 11 February 2010. http://www.heraldscotland.com/comment/guest-commentary/the-right-on-are-wrong-to-champion-so-called-victims-1.1005798. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kerbaj, Richard (7 February 2010). "Amnesty International is ‘damaged’ by Taliban link; An official at the human rights charity deplores its work with a ‘jihadist’". The Sunday Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/afghanistan/article7017810.ece. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  20. ^ Gupta, Rahila, "Double standards on human rights; Where does Amnesty International stand on women's rights after suspending Gita Sahgal for criticising links with Moazzam Begg?," The Guardian, 9 February 2010, accessed 11 February 2010
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i Aaronovitch, David (9 February 2010). "How Amnesty chose the wrong poster-boy; Collaboration with Moazzam Begg, an extremist who has supported jihadi movements, looks like a serious mistake". The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/columnists/david_aaronovitch/article7019817.ece. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  22. ^ ""Amnesty chief suspended after attacking group's links to 'Britain's most famous Taliban supporter'", Daily Mail, 9 February 2010, accessed 10 February 2010". Dailymail.co.uk. 9 February 2010. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1249649/Amnesty-turmoil-suspending-chief-attacked-groups-links-Muslim-jihadists.html. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  23. ^ "Bright, Martin, "Gita Sahgal: A Statement", ''Spectator'', 7 February 2010, accessed 10 February 2010". Spectator.co.uk. 7 February 2010. http://www.spectator.co.uk/martinbright/5759197/gita-sahgal-a-statement.thtml. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  24. ^ "Joan Smith: Amnesty shouldn't support men like Moazzam Begg; A prisoner of conscience can turn into an apologist for extremism," The Independent, 11 February 2010, accessed 11 February 2010
  25. ^ Menon, Lakshman, "A victim of wanderlust?", Business Standard, 19 February 2010, accessed 8 February 2010
  26. ^ Suroor, Hasan, "Amnesty: caught with strange bedfellows", The Hindu, 15 February 2010, accessed 28 February, 2010
  27. ^ Chakraberty, Sumit, "Gita Sahgal talks about human wrongs", Daily News & Analysis, 21 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  28. ^ ""Amnesty International on its work with Moazzam Begg and Cageprisoners," 11 February 2010, accessed 11 February 2010". Amnestyusa.org. 11 February 2010. http://www.amnestyusa.org/document.php?id=ENGNAU2010021115380&lang=e. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  29. ^ a b Weiss, Michael (26 February 2010). "Amnesty International and the Taliban; A staffer dissents from celebrating a terror spokesman, and is suspended.". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704454304575081331766664948.html?mod=WSJ_latestheadlines. Retrieved 1 March 2010. 
  30. ^ Kerbaj, Richard, "Salman Rushdie: Amnesty International is morally bankrupt", The Sunday Times, 21 February 2010, accessed 28 February 2010
  31. ^ ""Amnesty defends ties to GITMO detainee", ''UPI'', 11 February 2010, 2 March 2010". Upi.com. 11 February 2010. http://www.upi.com/Top_News/Special/2010/02/11/Amnesty-defends-ties-to-GITMO-detainee/UPI-93921265919762/. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  32. ^ Salman Rushdie's statement on Amnesty International, The Sunday Times, 21 February 2010
  33. ^ "Amnesty has no morals, says Rushdie", The Times of India, 22 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  34. ^ a b MacShane, Member of British Parliament, Denis (10 February 2010). "Letter To Amnesty International from". http://www.human-rights-for-all.org/spip.php?article11. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  35. ^ Phillips, Melanie (14 February 2010). "The human wrongs industry spits out one of its own". The Spectator. http://www.spectator.co.uk/melaniephillips/5774326/the-human-wrongs-industry-spits-out-one-of-its-own.thtml. Retrieved 23 February 2010. 
  36. ^ Smith, Joan, "Joan Smith: Amnesty shouldn't support men like Moazzam Begg; A prisoner of conscience can turn into an apologist for extremism", The Independent, 11 February 2010, accessed 17 February 2010
  37. ^ Hitchens, Christopher, "Christopher Hitchens: Amnesty International's suspension of conscience", The National Post, 17 February 2010, accessed 17 February 2010
  38. ^ Bright, Martin, "Amnesty International, Moazzam Begg and the Bravery of Gita Sahgal", The Spectator, 7 February 2010
  39. ^ "Misalliance; Amnesty has lent spurious legitimacy to extremists who spurn its values," The Times, 12 February 2010, accessed 17 February 2010
  40. ^ Cohen, Nick, "We abhor torture – but that requires paying a price; Spineless judges, third-rate politicians and Amnesty prefer an easy life to fighting for liberty," The Observer, 14 February 2010, 17 February 2010
  41. ^ "No amnesty for dissent," The Asian Age, 20 February 2010, accessed 21 February 2010
  42. ^ Charen, Mona, "Amnesty International betrays its own mission", The Daily Advertiser, 1 March 2010, accessed 2 March 2010
  43. ^ Power, Jonathan, "Amnesty International Off the Piste", Khaleej Times, 28 February 2010, accessed 28 February 2010
  44. ^ Liddle, Rod, "Why give money to charity when they shaft what they purport to defend?", The Spectator, 8 February 2010, accessed 2 March 2010
  45. ^ "Glavin, Terry, "Terry Glavin: Amnesty International doubles down on appeasement; This has been going on for far too long. Now it's gone too far," ''National Post'', 8 February 2010, 2 March 2010". Network.nationalpost.com. http://network.nationalpost.com/np/blogs/fullcomment/archive/2010/02/08/392897.aspx. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  46. ^ "Roy, Esha, "Ties with Taliban supporter a damage to Amnesty reputation, says Nehru kin", ''Indian Express'', 17 February 2010, accessed 15 February 2010". Indianexpress.com. 17 February 2010. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/ties-with-taliban-supporter-a-damage-to-amnesty-reputation-says-nehru-kin/580564/0. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  47. ^ Human rights for All website.
  48. ^ Kerbaj, Richard, "Second Amnesty chief attacks Islamist links", The Times, 14 February 2010, accessed 17 February 2010
  49. ^ Suroor, Hasan, "Another Amnesty official questions its links with jihadi group ," The Hindu, 15 February 2010, accessed 15 February 2010
  50. ^ "Amnesty misconception", The Sunday Times, 21 February 2010, accessed 21 February 2010

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