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Glamis Castle

Glamis Castle is situated beside the village of Glamis (pronounced /ˈɡlɑːmz/) in Angus, Scotland. It is the home of the Earl and Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and is open to the public. Glamis Castle was the childhood home of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, best known as the Queen Mother. Her second daughter, Princess Margaret, was born there. Since 1987 an illustration of the castle has featured on the reverse side of ten pound notes issued by the Royal Bank of Scotland.[1]

The plasterwork ceilings of Glamis are noteworthy for their detail and preservation. Along with those of Muchalls Castle and Craigievar Castle, they are considered the finest in Scotland.

Contents

Setting

Glamis is set in the broad and fertile lowland valley of Strathmore, near Forfar, county town of Angus, which lies between the Sidlaw Hills to the south and the Grampian Mountains to the north, approximately 20 kilometres inland from the North Sea.

The estate surrounding the castle covers more than 14,000 acres (57 km²) and, in addition to the garden containing lush gardens and walking trails, produces several cash crops including lumber and beef. The two streams run through the estate, one of them the Glamis Burn. An arboretum overlooking Glamis Burn features trees from all over the world, many of them rare and several hundred years old. Birds and other small wildlife are common throughout the grounds.

There is a tea room in the castle, and part of the gardens and grounds are open to the public. The venue can be hired for functions like dinners and weddings.

Dinner dance at Glamis Castle 30/05/2009

History

The vicinity of Glamis Castle has prehistoric traces; for example, a noted intricately carved Pictish stone known as the Eassie Stone was found in a creek-bed at the nearby village of Eassie.[2] In 1034 AD King Malcolm II was murdered at Glamis.[3] Since 1372 Glamis Castle itself was home to the Lords of Glamis (later the Earl and Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne).[4] In William Shakespeare's play Macbeth (1603-06), the titular character resides at Glamis Castle, although the historical King Macbeth (d. 1057) had no connection to the castle.

Legends and tales

Glamis Castle in the snow, circa 1880.
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The Monster of Glamis

The most famous legend connected with the castle is that of the Monster of Glamis, a hideously deformed child born to the family. In the story, the monster was kept in the castle all his life and his suite of rooms bricked up after his death.[5][6][7][8] Another monster is supposed to have dwelt in Loch Calder near the castle.

An alternative version of the legend is that to every generation of the family a vampire child is born and is walled up in that room.[9]

There is an old story that guests staying at Glamis once hung towels from the windows of every room in a bid to find the bricked-up suite of the monster. When they looked at it from outside, several windows were apparently towel-less.[10]

The legend of the monster may have been inspired by the true story of the Ogilvies.[11][12] [13] Somewhere in the sixteen-foot thick walls is the famous room of skulls, where the Ogilvie family, who sought protection from their enemies the Lindsays, were walled up to die of starvation.

Earl Beardie

Another legend tells of "Earl Beardie", who has been identified with both Alexander Lyon, 2nd Lord Glamis,[14] and Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford. Several versions exist, but they all involve "Earl Beardie" playing cards. However, it was the sabbath, and either his hosts refused to play, or a servant advised him to stop. Lord Beardie became so furious that he claimed that he would play until doomsday, or with the Devil himself, depending on the version. A stranger then appears at the castle and joins Lord Beardie in a game of cards. The stranger is identified with the Devil, who takes Earl Beardie's soul and, in some versions, condemns the Earl to play cards until doomsday.[14][15]

Other traditions

According to the official website for Glamis Castle, in 1034, King Malcolm II was mortally wounded in a nearby battle and taken to a Royal Hunting Lodge, which sat at the site of the present castle, where he died.

There is a small chapel within the castle with seating for 46 people. The story given to visitors by castle tour guides states that one seat in the chapel is always reserved for the "Grey Lady" (supposedly a ghost which inhabits the castle), thought to be Janet Douglas, Lady Glamis. According to the guides, the chapel is still used regularly for family functions, but regardless, no one is allowed to sit in that seat.[16]

The late Sir David Bowes-Lyon, while taking a late stroll on the lawn after dinner, reportedly saw a girl gripping the bars of a castle window and staring distractedly into the night. He was about to speak to her when she abruptly disappeared, as if someone had torn her away from the window.

References

  1. ^ "Current Banknotes : Royal Bank of Scotland". The Committee of Scottish Clearing Bankers. http://www.scotbanks.org.uk/banknotes_current_royal_bank_of_scotland.php. Retrieved 2008-10-17.  
  2. ^ C.Michael Hogan, Eassie Stone, The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham, Oct. 7, 2007
  3. ^ Black's Picturesque Tourist of Scotland, Adam and Charles Black, Published 1861, Scotland, 635 pages
  4. ^ Tayside Village Walks
  5. ^ Copyright 2001-2008 Haunted Castles and Hotels (9 June 2009). "Haunted Castles And Hotels: Glamis Castle". http://www.hauntedcastlesandhotels.com/Scotland/glamis.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  
  6. ^ Mike Dash. "The Monster of Glamis". http://blogs.forteana.org/node/75. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  
  7. ^ The Crawford Papers: The Journals of David Lindsay, Twenty-Seventh Earl of Crawford during the years 1892-1940 (1984) Manchester University Press pp.86-87
  8. ^ James Wentworth-Day (1967) The Queen Mother’s Family Story pp.133-136
  9. ^ Mike Dash (9 June 2009). "The Monster of Glamis". http://blogs.forteana.org/node/75. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  
  10. ^ Mike Dash (9 June 2009). "The Monster of Glamis". http://blogs.forteana.org/node/75. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  
  11. ^ Mike Dash (9 June 2009). "The Monster of Glamis". http://blogs.forteana.org/node/75. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  
  12. ^ T.F. Thistleton Dyer (1900) Strange Pages From Family Papers, pp.98-103
  13. ^ Chambers’s Journal 1898, pp.627-8
  14. ^ a b "Glamis Castle". Haunted Castles and Hotels. http://www.hauntedcastlesandhotels.com/Scotland/glamis.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19.  
  15. ^ William Shand (24 September 2007). "Earl Beardie - the ghostly Earl of Crawford". Dundee Messenger. http://www.dundeemessenger.co.uk/myths/ghosts/earl_beardie.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19.  
  16. ^ "Myths and Legends"

External links

See also

Coordinates: 56°37′11″N 3°00′09″W / 56.61972°N 3.0025°W / 56.61972; -3.0025


Simple English

[[File:|thumb|300px|Glamis Castle]] Glamis Castle is one of the most famous castles in the United Kingdom. It is near the village of Glamis, in Angus, Scotland. It is the home of the Earl and Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne. Glamis Castle was the childhood home of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, best known as the Queen Mother. Her daughter, Princess Margaret, was born there. A picture of the castle is featured on the Royal Bank of Scotland ten pound note.

Parts of the castle and its gardens are open to the public. There is also a tea room for visitors.

There are many famous stories and legends about Glamis Castle. It is said to have more "dark secrets" than any other home in Scotland.

Contents

Setting

Glamis Castle is set in the wide valley of Strathmore, near Forfar, the capital of Angus. It lies between the Sidlaw Hills to the south and the Grampian Mountains to the north, approximately 20 kilometres from the North Sea.

The estate (the castle's land) covers more than 14,000 acres (57 km²). There are gardens and walking trails, as well as a farm which produces beef and a plantation (planted forest) which produces timber. There are two streams run through the estate. Near one stream, called the Glamis Burn is an arboretum (a tree garden) which has trees from all over the world, many of them rare and several hundred years old. Birds and other small wildlife can often be seen in the grounds.

History, legends and tales

File:Glamis
Glamis Castle in the snow, circa 1880.
  • People have lived in the area of Glamis Castle since Prehistoric times, and signs of these people can sometimes be found.
  • A stone with richly carved decoration was found in a creek-bed found nearby. It is known as the Eassie Stone and it is believed to date from about 600 AD.[1]
  • It is believed by many people that in 1034 AD Malcolm II of Scotland was murdered at Glamis.[2] On the official website of Glamis castle, it says that in 1034, King Malcolm II was wounded in a battle and was taken to a Royal Hunting Lodge, where he died. Later, the castle was built where the Hunting Lodge had been.
  • Since 1372 Glamis Castle was home to the Lords of Glamis.[3]
  • The most famous legend is that of the Monster of Glamis. The Monster was a very ugly disabled child who was kept hidden in the castle all his life. It is said that his rooms were bricked up after his death.
  • A different version of the legend is that in every generation of the family, a vampire child is born. The vampire children are walled up in that room.
  • The legend of the monster may have come from the true story of the Ogilvie family. The Ogilvie family hid at Glamis Castle when they were trying to escape from their enemies, the Lindsays. But they were found, and put into a small room in the walls, which are 16 fet thick. The door was bricked up and the family were left to die of starvation.
  • There is a story that some visiors who were staying at the Castle tried to find the hidden rooms. They hung towels from the windows of every room that they could find. Then they went outside and looked up. They could see some windows that had no towels. They thought that these must be the windows of the hidden rooms.
  • Another legend tells that the monster is in Loch Calder near the castle.
  • There is a small chapel in the castle, with seating for 46 people. One seat in the chapel is always kept empty for a ghost called the "Grey Lady". The "Grey Lady" is thought to be Janet Douglas, Lady Glamis. No one is allowed to sit in that seat.[4]
  • The legend of Earl Beardie tells about how he played cards with the Devil. The Earl was a guest in Glamis Castle. One night he was drunk and wanted to play cards. It was the Sunday, and no-one else wanted to play because it was a Holy Day. Lord Beardie was so angry that he said that he would play with the Devil himself. A stranger knocked at the castle door and asked if Lord Beardie would play cards with him. They began to play in one of the rooms. Later, the servants heard yelling and swearing coming from the room. One peeped through the keyhole, but there was a flash of light through the keyhole that blinded him. The stranger had disappeared, and had taken the Earl's soul with him. Many people say that they have heard the shouting and the sound of dice rolling, as the Earl is still playing cards with the Devil.[4]

Glamis in fiction

  • In William Shakespeare's play Macbeth, Macbeth murders King Duncan at Glamis Castle. The historical ruler Macbeth of Scotland did not really live at Glamis Castle.
  • Glamis Castle is also in Kelley Armstrong's fantasy novel Haunted.
  • The legendary "Horror of Glamis" in an issue of Grant Morrison's comic book series, The Invisibles...

Other pages

References

  1. C.Michael Hogan, Eassie Stone, The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham, Oct. 7, 2007
  2. Black's Picturesque Tourist of Scotland, Adam and Charles Black, Published 1861, Scotland, 635 pages
  3. Tayside Village Walks
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Myths and Legends"

Other websites

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Coordinates: 56°37′11″N, 3°00′09″W


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