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Glen Ridge, New Jersey
—  Borough  —
Map of Glen Ridge in Essex County. Inset: Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Glen Ridge, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°48′18″N 74°12′17″W / 40.805°N 74.20472°W / 40.805; -74.20472Coordinates: 40°48′18″N 74°12′17″W / 40.805°N 74.20472°W / 40.805; -74.20472
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated February 13, 1895
Government
 - Type Borough
 - Mayor Peter A. Hughes
Area
 - Total 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 - Land 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation [1] 217 ft (66 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 7,271
 - Density 5,593.1/sq mi (2,203.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07028
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 34-26610[2][3]
GNIS feature ID 0876626[4]
Website http://www.glenridgenj.org

Glen Ridge is a borough in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 7,271. Glen Ridge's public school system is one of the top-ranked in the state.

Glen Ridge was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 13, 1895, from portions of Bloomfield Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day.[5] In 1981, the name was changed to the "Township of Glen Ridge Borough" to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies.[6] Effective May 1993, it again became a borough.[7]

Of the many legacies left to the town by its founders, the one that has become its trademark is the gas lamps. With only 3,000 gaslights remaining in operation in the entire United States, Glen Ridge has 665 such lamps lighting its streets.[8] In 1924, Glen Ridge became the first municipality in New Jersey to establish a zoning ordinance.[9]

Contents

Geography

Glen Ridge is located at 40°48′18″N 74°12′17″W / 40.804950°N 74.204700°W / 40.804950; -74.204700 (40.804950, -74.204700).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.3 km2), all of it land. It is bounded by Bloomfield, Montclair and East Orange.

Glen Ridge at the most six blocks wide. In the borough north of Bay Avenue, "the Panhandle", it is only three or two blocks wide.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 1,960
1910 3,260 66.3%
1920 4,620 41.7%
1930 7,365 59.4%
1940 7,331 −0.5%
1950 7,620 3.9%
1960 8,322 9.2%
1970 8,518 2.4%
1980 7,855 −7.8%
1990 7,076 −9.9%
2000 7,271 2.8%
Est. 2006 6,908 [11] −5.0%
Population 1930 - 1990.[12]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 7,271 people, 2,458 households, and 1,978 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,695.0 people per square mile (2,193.2/km2). There were 2,490 housing units at an average density of 1,950.3/sq mi (751.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 89.18% White, 4.98% African American, 0.15% Native American, 3.34% Asian, 0.99% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.45% of the population.

There were 2,458 households out of which 46.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $105,638, and the median income for a family was $120,650. Males had a median income of $91,161 versus $51,444 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $48,456. About 1.9% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local government

Glen Ridge is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[13]

The mayor of Glen Ridge is Peter A. Hughes. The members of the Glen Ridge borough council are:[14]

  • Council President Linda W. Seyffarth - Chair of the Finance & Administration Committee
  • Stuart K. Patrick - Chair of the Public Safety Committee
  • Elizabeth K. Baker - Chair of the Community Affairs & Public Relations Committee
  • Arthur D. Dawson - Chair of the Public Works Committee
  • Paul A. Lisovicz - Chair of the Parks & Recreation Committee
  • Yvonne Provost - Chair of the Planning & Development Committee

The Glen Ridge Civic Conference Committee (est. 1913), made up of delegates from the community and from local civic organizations, provides a non-partisan method of candidate selection for Borough elections. The CCC endorsement is very significant; in most elections, the CCC's candidates are unopposed. The eight organizations currently sending delegates to the CCC are: The Democratic Club, Freeman Gardens Association, Friends of the Glen Ridge Library, The Glen Ridge Historical Society, The Northside Association, The Republican Club, The Golden Circle, The South End Association and the Women's Club of Glen Ridge.

In recent years, the CCC has been weakened both by changing attitudes in the town, the actions of a number of town residents, and internal conflicts within the CCC itself. The previous mayor, Carl Bergmanson, was the first mayor since the establishment of the CCC in 1913 to be elected without seeking (or receiving) the Committee's endorsement. A member of the council for three terms, he ran for mayor in 2000, losing to the CCC candidate Steven Plate. When Plate was appointed as the CCC candidate again in 2004 (violating the committee's precedent of one term per mayor), Bergmanson ran again, and won, gaining the majority in all but one of the town's districts. However, the CCC is still firmly in control of the town's political structure - of the 16 elected officials currently serving Glen Ridge, only Councilman Arthur D. Dawson was not nominated by the CCC. Generally, when non-CCC candidates run, they run as independents. The Democratic and Republican parties are not forces in local elections.

Federal, state and county representation

Glen Ridge is in the Eighth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 34th Legislative District.[15]

New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District, covering the southern portion of Passaic County and northern sections of Essex County, is represented by Bill Pascrell Jr. (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

For the 2008-2009 legislative Session, the 34th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Sheila Y. Oliver (D, East Orange).[16] The Governor of New Jersey is Jon Corzine (D, Hoboken).[17]

Essex County's County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr. The executive, along with the Board of Chosen Freeholders administer all county business. Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large), Freeholder Vice President Ralph R. Caputo (District 5), Johnny Jones (at large), Donald M. Payne, Jr. (at large), Patricia Sebold (at large) Samuel Gonzalez (District 1), D. Bilal Beasley (District 2), Carol Y. Clark (District 3) and Linda Lordi Cavanaugh (District 4).[18]

Politics

In national and state politics, Glen Ridge leans toward the Democratic Party. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 63% of the votes. In 2009, Democratic candidate for governor Jon Corzine polled 51% of the votes.[19]

History

Glen Ridge traces its beginning to 1666 when sixty-four Connecticut families led by Robert Treat bought land from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans and named it New Ark to reflect a covenant to worship freely without persecution. The territory included the future towns of Bloomfield, Montclair, Belleville and Nutley. When Bloomfield seceded in 1812, Glen Ridge was a section "on the hill" composed mostly of farms and woodlands with the exception of a thriving industrial area along the Toney's brook in the Glen. For most of the nineteenth century, three water-powered mills produced lumber, calico, pasteboard boxes and brass fittings. A copper mine and a sandstone quarry were nearby.

With the arrival of the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad in 1856, and the construction of the Glen Ridge Train Station, and also the New York & Greenwood Lake Railway in 1872, Glen Ridge began its transition to a suburban residential community. Stately homes slowly replaced orchards and wooded fields.

In 1891 Mountainside Hospital, a local hospital with more than 300 beds, was founded.

Residents "on the hill" became unhappy with their representation on the Bloomfield Council. In spite of repeated requests to Bloomfield officials, roads remained unpaved, water and sewer systems were nonexistent, and schools were miles away. Area residents marked out the boundaries of a 1.45-square-mile (3.8 km2) area to secede from the adjoining town. At the February 12, 1895, election, the decision to secede passed by only twenty-three votes. Robert Rudd was elected the first mayor of Glen Ridge.

In 1989, athletes from the high school were involved in the sexual assault of a mentally handicapped student with a baseball bat and a broomstick. Three teenagers were found guilty of first-degree aggravated sexual assault, a fourth teen was convicted of third-degree conspiracy [1]. Author Bernard Lefkowitz wrote about the incident in Our Guys: The Glen Ridge Rape and the Secret Life of the Perfect Suburb. Lefkowitz's book was adapted into the 1999 TV movie Our Guys: Outrage at Glen Ridge

Education

Ridgewood Avenue school

The Glen Ridge Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[20]) are two elementary schools — Linden Avenue School (255 students) and Forest Avenue School (286) — Ridgewood Avenue School for grades 3-6 (547) and Glen Ridge High School for grades 7-12 (726).

Forest Avenue School is an early childhood learning community serving children in grades pre-kindergarten through second.

Students in pre-kindergarten through second attend the Linden Avenue Elementary School.

Ridgewood Avenue School houses students in grades 3-6. In addition to an academic curriculum in the major disciplines of language arts literacy, mathematics, social studies, and science, students are exposed to art, instrumental and vocal music, physical education, health, library skills and Spanish. All students at Ridgewood Avenue School are required to move through the stations of the Synergistics Lab, solving real world problems through the study of mathematics, science, and technology.

Glen Ridge High School houses students in grades 7-12. Excellence in academic preparation is valued in both the school and community cultures. Standardized test scores far exceed both the state and national averages. More than 98% of the graduates from the Class of 2004 went on to study at four or two year colleges and universities. The remaining graduates continue their education in trade or technical schools, or in the armed services, while others find employment. The Class of 2004 average SAT scores were 583 on the math section and 591 on the verbal section. (Compared to a New Jersey average of 514 math, 501 verbal and USA average of 518 math, 508 verbal.) Over the past four years the graduation rate has been approximately 99%, while 100% of students pass the New Jersey High School Proficiency Assessment (HSPA). The High School is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and has been cited for excellent curricular and co-curricular programs.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Glen Ridge High School as the 5th best high school in New Jersey in its 2008 rankings of the "Top Public High Schools" in New Jersey.[21]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Borough of Glen Ridge, Geographic Names Information System, accessed October 22, 2007.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 128.
  6. ^ New Jersey State Commission on County and Municipal Government, Modern Forms of Municipal Government, 1992, Chapter VI: Municipal Names and Municipal Classification
  7. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, 1990s boundary changes: New Jersey, accessed June 2008
  8. ^ Read, Phillip. "In Glen Ridge, the future has a Manhattan flair and a French twist; Work begins on a big ratable: Luxury condos with the fancy name", The Star-Ledger, March 30, 2005.
  9. ^ Peterson, Mary Jo; and Gebeloff, MArk. "WHERE HOUSES DEFY THE DECADES; It's no accident that most Glen Ridge homes are old: The town sees red if you defy the blueprints.", The Star-Ledger', December 27, 2002.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  11. ^ Census data for Glen Ridge township, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 15, 2007.
  12. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  13. ^ 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 148. Text shows Glen Ridge as a borough both for type of government and form of government.
  14. ^ http://www.northjersey.com/news/80877162_Mayor_expects__difficult_choices_.html
  15. ^ 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 57. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  16. ^ Legislative Roster: 2008-2009 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed June 6, 2008.
  17. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 6 June 2008.  
  18. ^ The Board of Chosen Freeholders, Essex County, New Jersey. Acecssed August 8, 2008.
  19. ^ http://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/results_2009_doe.html
  20. ^ Data for the Glen Ridge Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed June 11, 2008.
  21. ^ "Top New Jersey High Schools 2008", New Jersey Monthly, August 7, 2008. Accessed May 11, 2009.
  22. ^ Biography of Horace Ashenfelter, accessed December 25, 2006.
  23. ^ " Dale Berra Is Indicted", The New York Times, August 25, 1989, accessed April 19, 2007. "Berra of Glen Ridge, N.J., was arrested April 20 after a six-month investigation into a drug operation that allegedly distributed $15,000 to $20,000 worth of cocaine each week in Essex, Morris, Passaic, Somerset and Union counties."
  24. ^ Severo, Richard. "Eddie Bracken, Who Acted in Sturges Comedies, Dies at 87", The New York Times, November 16, 2002, accessed April 12, 2007. "Eddie Bracken, a character actor whose portrayals of bewildered and long-suffering comic heroes crowned a stage, screen and television career of more than 70 years, died Thursday in Montclair, N.J. He was 87 and lived in Glen Ridge, N.J."
  25. ^ Brion makes the grade, The Hartford Courant, April 28, 2000. "Born in Glen Ridge, N.J., Brion moved to New Haven with his family when his father took a job as band director at Yale."
  26. ^ About Mary Jo Codey, State of New Jersey, copy of page from Internet Archive dated May 1, 2006. Accessed December 5, 2007.
  27. ^ Tom Cruise Biography, Filmography, Fox News, November 28, 2006.
  28. ^ Gary Cuozzo player profile, database Football. Accessed August 27, 2007.
  29. ^ Biography for Dr. Jack Cuozzo, accessed May 9, 2007. "Dr. Cuozzo is an orthodontist who practiced in Glen Ridge, NJ for 33 years."
  30. ^ http://www.mikedohertynj.com/.
  31. ^ Lauren English, USA Swimming. Accessed December 9, 2007.
  32. ^ Anthony Fasano profile, Dallas Cowboys. Accessed August 19, 2007.
  33. ^ Biography, Senator Nia Gill. Accessed December 13, 2007.
  34. ^ http://blogs.westword.com/backbeat/2008/03/qa_with_vampire_weekends_ezra.php
  35. ^ http://blogs.westword.com/backbeat/2008/06/qa_with_wes_miles_of_ra_ra_rio.php
  36. ^ "E.P. MITCHELL DIES; 50 YEARS ON THE SUN; Associate of Dana Succumbs to Cerebral Hemorrhage After Retiring at Age of 74. HIS DEATH NOT EXPECTED New England Youth Rose to Great Editorial Influence -- Tributes Paid by Associates.", The New York Times, January 23, 1927. "Mr. Mitchell had a home at Glen Ridge, N. J., for years."
  37. ^ Alison Stewart bio, CBS News, accessed April 12, 2007. "Stewart was born July 4, 1966 in Glen Ridge, N.J."
  38. ^ Beckerman, Jim. "A FUZZY NIGHTMARE, BROUGHT TO SCREEN", The Record (Bergen County), April 7, 1996. Accessed December 13, 2007.
  39. ^ http://www.georgesteinmetz.com/bio.php
  40. ^ Trott, Stephen S., Federal Judicial Center. Accessed December 13, 2007.
  41. ^ Zarra, Erica. "NYT reporter covers, and uncovers, Hillary Clinton in new book", The Montclair Times, October 31, 2007. "“I found her story to be fascinating and one that left a lot of room for more investigation,” said Van Natta, a Glen Ridge resident who spoke to The Times this week."
  42. ^ Tom Verducci Archive, Sports Illustrated. Accessed October 7, 2007. "Born in East Orange, New Jersey, and raised in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, Verducci led his high school football team to a state championship, calling his catch of the winning touchdown pass in the title game as the defining sports moment of his life."
  43. ^ Pulley, Brett. "Zimmer Has Set Aside Calm for His Political Passions", The New York Times, June 5, 1996. "When Mr. Zimmer was 12, his mother married Howard Rubin, a mailman who had three children of his own. They all moved to a house in suburban Glen Ridge."

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