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For the basketball coach, see Glen Rose.
Glen Rose, Texas
—  City  —
Downtown Glen Rose
Location of Glen Rose, Texas
Coordinates: 32°14′12″N 97°45′14″W / 32.23667°N 97.75389°W / 32.23667; -97.75389
Country United States
State Texas
County Somervell
Area
 - Total 2.7 sq mi (7.1 km2)
 - Land 2.7 sq mi (7.1 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 620 ft (189 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 2,122
 - Density 777.6/sq mi (300.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 76043
Area code(s) 254
FIPS code 48-29876[1]
GNIS feature ID 1373854[2]

Glen Rose is a city in Somervell County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,122 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Somervell County.[3] The general location is 60 miles (100 km) southwest of Dallas/Fort Worth.

Glen Rose is part of the Granbury Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

Glen Rose is located at 32°14′12″N 97°45′14″W / 32.23667°N 97.75389°W / 32.23667; -97.75389 (32.236637, -97.753823)[4], around the junction of U.S. Highway 67 and State Highway 144 in central Somervell County. The city is situated nearly 17 miles (27 km) south of Granbury and 52 miles (84 km) southwest of Fort Worth.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles (7.1 km²), all of it land.

History

The area was first settled in 1849 by Charles Barnard, who opened a trading post near Comanche Peak. After the region became a federal Indian reservation in 1855, Barnard moved his business to Fort Belknap. Around 1859 when the reservation was abolished, he returned to the area and built the first store on what is now the site of Glen Rose.[6]

A three-story stone gristmill was constructed along the Paluxy River and the town that grew up around it became known as Barnard's Mill.[5] The mill was sold to T.C. Jordan of Dallas in 1871 for $65,000. Jordan's wife, a native of Scotland, decided to rename the town Rose Glen to reflect the area's natural surroundings.[6] The citizens later voted to call the community Glen Rose.[7] A post office opened in 1874.

When Somervell County was formed on March 15, 1875, Glen Rose was designated as its county seat.[7] A Baptist college was organized in 1879 and was later sold to the Paluxy Batist Association. In 1889, the northern Presbyterians opened Glen Rose Collegiate Institute (also known as Glen Rose College), which remained in operation for the next 15 to 20 years.[8] A courthouse around Glen Rose's town square was completed around 1892, but burned down a year later. A newly built Romanesque Revival style courthouse was constructed soon after with locally quarried limestone.[5] That building sustained damage in a 1902 tornado that also damaged part of the town square.

Throughout the period from the 1900s to the 1920s, Glen Rose was home to approximately 1,000 people. The area's mineral springs attracted numerous doctors and self-styled healers to the community. During Prohibition, the area was a center of moonshining and Glen Rose became known as the "whiskey woods capital of the state."[6] The population remained steady during the Great Depression, although unemployment rates in both Glen Rose and Somervell County increased.[8] As part of the New Deal, Glen Rose borrowed $80,000 under the Public Works Administration (PWA) to construct a new water and sewage system. Three low-water dams on the Paluxy River, several local school buildings, and a canning plant were built with Works Projects Administration (WPA) money.[8]

During the post-war years, the population of Somervell County declined from 3,071 in 1940 to 2,542 in 1950 as many residents moved in search of greater employment opportunities. At the same time, Glen Rose grew from 1,050 residents in 1940 to 1,248 in 1950. The construction of the Comanche Peak Nuclear Power Plant in the mid-1970s brought financial advantages and new residents to the Glen Rose area. The city experienced a 34 percent increase in population between 1970 and 1980. The nuclear plant came to dominate the local economy. Other chief industries include farming, ranching, and tourism. 111 rated businesses were located in Glen Rose as of 1991. By 2000, the population of the city had grown to 2,122 and the total number of rated businesses rose to 224.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,122 people, 801 households, and 543 families residing in the city. The population density was 777.6 people per square mile (300.1/km²). There were 903 housing units at an average density of 330.9/sq mi (127.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.09% White, 0.28% African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 5.51% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.32% of the population.

There were 801 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,837, and the median income for a family was $37,545. Males had a median income of $30,238 versus $19,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,940. About 12.2% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of those age 65 or over.

Local media

Glen Rose and Somervell County are part of the Waco/Temple/Killeen Television media market in Northern Central Texas. Local News media outlets are: KCEN-TV, KWTX-TV, KXXV-TV, KWBU-TV, and KWKT-TV. Although they are provided satellite television services, residents of Somervell County are only allowed to view the Dallas/Fort Worth market stations, forcing some area residents to use television antennas to get local news and information.

Education

The City of Glen Rose is served by the Glen Rose Independent School District.

Tourism

  • Fossil Rim Wildlife Center is an 1,800 acre wildlife preserve open to the public. It features many different species of animals, including emus, giraffes, zebras, wolves, and many others.
  • Dinosaur Valley State Park, located just outside of Glen Rose, features a large number of dinosaur footprints, the Glen Rose Formation, in the bed of the Paluxy River. The park is one of the top local tourist attractions. Some have claimed to have discovered fossilized human footprints among the dinosaur prints, though scientists have since concluded that weathering and erosion caused some animal prints to appear human.
  • The nearby Creation Evidence Museum, founded by Young Earth Creationist Carl Baugh, documents the footprint controversy and presents other evidence for the young earth hypothesis.
  • The local Texas State Amphitheater features a summer musical, The Promise, portraying the life of Jesus Christ.
  • The Comanche Peak nuclear power plant is located north of town.
  • The town features a historic downtown, including the Somervell County courthouse.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ a b c "Glen Rose, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. http://www.texasescapes.com/CentralTexasTownsNorth/GlenRoseTexas/GlenRoseTexas.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-30.  
  6. ^ a b c "Glen Rose, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/GG/hjg3.html. Retrieved 2009-04-30.  
  7. ^ a b "The History of Glen Rose, Texas". GlenRoseArea.com. http://www.glenrosearea.com/pages/history.html. Retrieved 2009-04-30.  
  8. ^ a b c "Somervell County". The Handbook of Texas online. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/SS/hcs12.html. Retrieved 2009-04-30.  

External links

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