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The Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) is an international agreement spearheaded by Ambassador Robert Joseph of the United States and Deputy Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Ivanovich Kislyak under which countries agreed to a Statement of Principles and a Terms of Reference for Implementation and Assessment on 30 - 31, October 2006. The GICNT comprises 76 partner nations and four international organizations which hold official observer status: the International Atomic Energy Agency, the European Union, INTERPOL, and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Contents

Overview

It is intended to prevent terrorists from sourcing and using a nuclear bomb by employing many measures to protect fissile material and nuclear stockpiles.
In a speech by Barack Obama in Prague on 5 April 2009, he described his aims for a world free of nuclear weapons and cited how the Proliferation Security Initiative and the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism would both play an important part of a forthcoming "Global Summit on Nuclear Security" in March, 2010.[1][2][3][4]

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Goals

  • Bring together experience and expertise from the nonproliferation, counter proliferation, and counterterrorism disciplines.
  • Integrate collective capabilities and resources to strengthen the overall global architecture to combat nuclear terrorism.
  • Provide the opportunity for nations to share information and expertise in a legally non-binding environment.

Principles

  • Develop, if necessary, and improve accounting, control and physical protection systems for nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances.
  • Enhance security of civilian nuclear facilities.
  • Improve the ability to detect nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances in order to prevent illicit trafficking in such materials and substances, to include cooperation in the research and development of national detection capabilities that would be interoperable.
  • Improve capabilities of participants to search for, confiscate, and establish safe control over unlawfully held nuclear or other radioactive materials and substances or devices using them.
  • Prevent the provision of safe haven to terrorists and financial or economic resources to terrorists seeking to acquire or use nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances.
  • Ensure adequate respective national legal and regulatory frameworks sufficient to provide for the implementation of appropriate criminal and, if applicable, civil liability for terrorists and those who facilitate acts of nuclear terrorism.
  • Improve capabilities of participants for response, mitigation, and investigation, in cases of terrorist attacks involving the use of nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances, including the development of technical means to identify nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances that are, or may be, involved in the incident.
  • Promote information sharing pertaining to the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism and their facilitation, taking appropriate measures consistent with their national law and international obligations to protect the confidentiality of any information which they exchange in confidence.

Current Partner Nations

1.  Afghanistan
2.  Albania
3.  Armenia
4.  Australia
5.  Austria
6.  Bahrain
7.  Belgium
8.  Belarus
9.  Bosnia
10.  Bulgaria
11.  Cambodia
12.  Canada
13.  Cape Verde
14.  Chile
15.  China
16.  Côte d'Ivoire
17.  Croatia
18.  Cyprus
19.  Czech Republic
20.  Denmark
21.  Estonia
22.  Finland
23.  France
24. Flag of Georgia Georgia
25.  Germany
26.  Greece

27.  Hungary
28.  Iceland
29.  India
30.  Ireland
31.  Israel
32.  Italy
33.  Japan
34.  Jordan
35.  Kazakhstan
36.  Kyrgyzstan
37.  Latvia
38.  Libya
39.  Lithuania
40.  Luxembourg
41.  Madagascar
42.  Malta
43.  Mauritius
44.  Montenegro
45.  Morocco
46.  Nepal
47.  Netherlands
48.  New Zealand
49.  Norway
50.  Pakistan
51.  Palau

52.  Panama
53.  Poland
54.  Portugal
55.  South Korea
56.  Macedonia
57.  Romania
58.  Russia
59.  Saudi Arabia
60.  Serbia
61.  Seychelles
62.  Slovakia
63.  Slovenia
64.  Spain
65.  Sri Lanka
66.  Sweden
67.  Switzerland
68.  Tajikistan
69.  Turkey
70.  Turkmenistan
71.  Ukraine
72.  United Arab Emirates
73.  United Kingdom
74.  United States
75.  Uzbekistan
76.  Zambia

Flag of IAEA IAEA (observer)
Flag of the United Nations UNODC (observer)
Interpol logo INTERPOL (observer)
 EU (observer)

References

  1. ^ YouTube, Barack Obama speech at Prague, 5 April 2009.
  2. ^ BBC News
  3. ^ Obama Calls for Global Nuclear Summit in March 2010 from America.gov, retrieved on 8 January 2010.
  4. ^ Addressing the Nuclear Threat: Fulfilling the Promise of Prague at the L’Aquila Summit from the White House Office of the Press Secretary, retrieved on 11 March 2010.

See also

External links


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