Global warming: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Global warming

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

.Global annual surface temperatures relative to 1951-1980 mean temperatures from GISS.^ And by extension, if we can control atmospheric carbon dioxide, we can exert a positive control over the global mean temperature.

^ Point Four : there are natural cycles dealing with the Earth’s passage around the sun, its inclination and other technical factors which correlate with global mean temperatures.

^ It does so in spite of the strong correlation of cloud cover to cosmic ray intensity, and the correlation of cosmic ray intensity to global surface temperature.

.Analysis summarizes satellite measurements 1982 onward, and ship-based analysis from years earlier.^ Solar irradiance changes have been measured reliably by satellites for only 30 years.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite all the well known, insoluble problems with ground based measurements "Global Warming" is the only scientific discipline where the ground based observations are prefered over the satellite measurements.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The advent of satellite data (last ~30 years) has allowed for a far more detailed analysis of weather and climate patterns.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Estimated error 95% confidence resulting from incomplete spatial coverage.[1]
Comparison of ground based (blue) and satellite based (red: UAH; green: RSS) records of temperature variations since 1979. Trends plotted since January 1982.
Mean surface temperature change for the period 2000 to 2009 relative to the average temperatures from 1951 to 1980.[2]
.Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earth's near-surface air and oceans since the mid-20th century and its projected continuation.^ And since warm air is a key ingredient in smog, warmer temperatures will increase smog levels.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ What is the consensus regarding temperatures in the 20th century?
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The earth is warming and temperatures are evening out.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Global surface temperature increased 0.74 ± 0.18 °C (1.33 ± 0.32 °F) between the start and the end of the 20th century.^ What is the consensus regarding temperatures in the 20th century?
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Global temperature is increasing at an unprecedented rate.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mass extinction, claiming between 20-30% of species, is likely if the global temperature increase exceeds the range 1.5–2.5 °C. In the second half of this century terrestrial ecosystems will become a net source of carbon for the first time.

[3][A] .The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that most of the observed temperature increase since the middle of the 20th century was very likely caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases resulting from human activity such as fossil fuel burning and deforestation.^ Human burning of fossil fuels has increased the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere 4.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Human activity is likely to play only a small and uncertain role in climate change.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .The IPCC also concludes that variations in natural phenomena such as solar radiation and volcanic eruptions had a small cooling effect after 1950.[4][5] These basic conclusions have been endorsed by more than 40 scientific societies and academies of science,[B] including all of the national academies of science of the major industrialized countries.^ Major volcanic eruptions tend to cause an inverse greenhouse effect.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These practices are alien to all science.

^ Moreover, even the National Academy of Sciences is skeptical of the validity of the computer models and warns that the modeling of clouds -- a key factor -- is inadequate and poorly understood.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.Climate model projections summarized in the latest IPCC report indicate that the global surface temperature is likely to rise a further 1.1 to 6.4 °C (2.0 to 11.5 °F) during the 21st century.^ Global temperatures are rising 5.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scientists blame global warming and the rising temperature of the surface of the seas.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ IPCC global climate models do not model the hydrological cycle faithfully.

[3] .The uncertainty in this estimate arises from the use of models with differing sensitivity to greenhouse gas concentrations and the use of differing estimates of future greenhouse gas emissions.^ What is the concensus regarding FUTURE greenhouse gas emissions and FUTURE temperatures?
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under these circumstances ever greater penertration of renewable energy can lead to significant decarbonisation and lower greenhouse gas emissions.

^ This will cause companies to figure out the cheapest way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

.Most studies focus on the period leading up to the year 2100. However, warming is expected to continue beyond 2100 even if emissions stop, because of the large heat capacity of the oceans and the long lifetime of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.^ However, oceans take hundreds of years to heat up, which explains the lag.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The lifetime of carbon dioxide is over a century.

^ Despite the uncertainties noted above, there is adequate evidence from observations and interpretations of climate simulations to conclude that the atmosphere, ocean, and land surface are warming; that humans have significantly contributed to this change; and that further climate change will continue to have important impacts on human societies, on economies, on ecosystems, and on wildlife through the 21st century and beyond.
  • Think Progress » Huckabee And Thompson: Global Warming Is ‘Overblown’ 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[7][8]
.An increase in global temperature will cause sea levels to rise and will change the amount and pattern of precipitation, probably including expansion of subtropical deserts.^ Causes and consequences of global environmental change.-- v.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Scientists blame global warming and the rising temperature of the surface of the seas.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Rising sea levels?
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .Warming is expected to be strongest in the Arctic and would be associated with continuing retreat of glaciers, permafrost and sea ice.^ This year Arctic sea ice was at a record low but Antarctic sea ice has recently been at record highs.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In any other field of science work would be allowed to continue unhindered on all views until a definitive proof was obtained, but NO not so for global warming!
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You would expect it to cool down almost as much as it had warmed up.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other likely effects include changes in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, species extinctions, and changes in agricultural yields.^ Other fast feedbacks include changes of clouds, snow cover, and sea ice.

^ The economic cost of the damage will be moderated by changes in land use and by agricultural trade, with some regions more able to adapt than others.

^ Early effects of climate change: do they include changes in vector-borne disease?
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Warming and related changes will vary from region to region around the globe, though the nature of these regional variations is uncertain.^ Singer, who is founder of the Science and Environmental Policy Project , believes that the current warming is related to a natural cycle.

^ Solar Variability & Global Warming Some uncertainty remains about the role of natural variations in causing climate change.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, there is absolutely no way to measure any weather-related deviation as any miniscule change would be lost in the noise of the weather’s normal variability.

[10]
.Political and public debate continues regarding global warming and what actions to take in response.^ Now with regard to "global warming".
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On occasion of this meeting, on 8th November, 8-N, I will insert an article in my blog about Global Warming in order to call the attention of governments, institutions and citizens in general about the need to take immediate and urgent actions to stop the global warming.

^ Unfortunately the global warming ideology as peddled by the propagandists has attracted political attention, and, as usual, money has followed, unfortunately in huge quantities.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The available options are mitigation to reduce further emissions; adaptation to reduce the damage caused by warming; and, more speculatively, geoengineering to reverse global warming.^ I can beleive global warming, but not caused by us.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Global Warming is real, but it is not caused by CO2.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Scientists point the finger directly at global warming, which changed precipitation patterns and is now causing more "intense rainstorms across parts of the northern hemisphere."
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.Most national governments have signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.^ Action of emerging economies could take several forms, such as sustainable development policies and measures, an improved and strengthened clean development mechanism, the setting up of plans for the sectors that generate most pollution so as to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions compared with a business as usual scenario.

^ Advances in the geological storage of carbon dioxide: international approaches to reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ "One plan to reduce global warming would have the government set a limit on the amount of those emissions that companies could produce each year.

Contents

Temperature changes

.
Two millennia of mean surface temperatures according to different reconstructions, each smoothed on a decadal scale.
^ In fact, according to an analysis of "global-mean surface temperature[s]" last revised in January 2006 by NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies , "It is no longer correct to say that 'most global warming occurred before 1940' ": Global warming is now 0.6°C in the past three decades and 0.8°C in the past century.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The average surface temperature had risen for several decades, but it fell back substantially in the past few years.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the “CO2 drives the climate” theory the upper troposphere should be warming faster than surface “temperature”.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The instrumental record and the unsmoothed annual value for 2004 are shown in black.
.The most common measure of global warming is the trend in globally averaged temperature near the Earth's surface.^ The earth is warming and temperatures are evening out.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scientists blame global warming and the rising temperature of the surface of the seas.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ The surface temperature increase that partially gave rise to concerns about global warming coincided with a move to tethered electronic measuring devices (um, I think that means thermometers) that forced the movement of many stations closer to buildings and developed areas, causing warming that may not have been corrected for.
  • PoliGazette » Anthropogenic Global Warming Still Debatable 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.poligazette.com [Source type: Original source]

.Expressed as a linear trend, this temperature rose by 0.74 ± 0.18 °C over the period 1906–2005. The rate of warming over the last half of that period was almost double that for the period as a whole (0.13 ± 0.03 °C per decade, versus 0.07 °C ± 0.02 °C per decade).^ That works out to a warming rate of 0.62 C per decade from Dec.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This warming trend seems to have lasted for quite a while.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In that base line period, the average temperature rose about 0.5 0 C, which averages to 0.16 0 C per decade.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The urban heat island effect is estimated to account for about 0.002 °C of warming per decade since 1900.[11] Temperatures in the lower troposphere have increased between 0.13 and 0.22 °C (0.22 and 0.4 °F) per decade since 1979, according to satellite temperature measurements.^ The surface temperature increase that partially gave rise to concerns about global warming coincided with a move to tethered electronic measuring devices (um, I think that means thermometers) that forced the movement of many stations closer to buildings and developed areas, causing warming that may not have been corrected for.
  • PoliGazette » Anthropogenic Global Warming Still Debatable 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.poligazette.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pointing out urban heat island effects, loss of hundreds of old Soviet-era measurement stations, the pure political effect of Russia (communist countries) being able to shutdown western economies through AGW fears, Russia’s previouspropaganda efforts … None were considered valid.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This heat stress intensification is due to preferential warming of the hot tail of the daily temperature distribution, with 95th percentile maximum and minimum temperature magnitude increasing more than 75th percentile magnitude.

.Temperature is believed to have been relatively stable over the one or two thousand years before 1850, with regionally varying fluctuations such as the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age.^ Still recovering from the Little Ice Age?
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Medieval Warm Period/Little Ice Age represent one full cycle of the 1,470-year cycle.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medieval warm period was warmer too.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]
.Estimates by NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies and the National Climatic Data Center show that 2005 was the warmest year since reliable, widespread instrumental measurements became available in the late 1800s, exceeding the previous record set in 1998 by a few hundredths of a degree.^ It looks to me as though it’s the year of the previous record.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 2005, HadCRUT3 shows 0.2 C to 0.3 C of cooling.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hottest year on record is 2005, followed by 1998.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13][14] .Estimates prepared by the World Meteorological Organization and the Climatic Research Unit show 2005 as the second warmest year, behind 1998.[15][16] Temperatures in 1998 were unusually warm because the strongest El Niño in the past century occurred during that year.^ United States* in the past century that were in the 1930s.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mar 15, 2005 2:16:16 PM .
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dick Morgan, former advisor to the World Meteorological Organization and climatology researcher at University of Exeter, U.K. says, [7] "Had the IPCC used the standard parameter for climate change (the 30 year average) and used an equal area projection, instead of the Mercator (the 2D representation of a sphere which exaggerates the polar area) warming and cooling would have been almost in balance."
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17] .Global temperature is subject to short-term fluctuations that overlay long term trends and can temporarily mask them.^ Overall Arctic trends from the early 1900s to today are very similar to global temperature trends.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As for your graphs, well, in any period of just a few years, internal variation dominates and long term trends are not apparent .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Given what the proxies show it could be that in the absence of human activity global temperatures would be dropping and in fact a near flat trend is really evidence of warming.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The relative stability in temperature from 2002 to 2009 is consistent with such an episode.[18][19]
.Temperature changes vary over the globe.^ Has anyone mapped the temperature changes of these planets alongside the variations in the Earth’s temperatures?
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since 1979, land temperatures have increased about twice as fast as ocean temperatures (0.25 °C per decade against 0.13 °C per decade).^ It reports natural CO2 outgassed from the ocean as being exchanged with the atmosphere at about 90 gigatons per year, 100% of the emission rate.

^ For the fastest accumulation ice cores (2 of the Law Dome ice cores: 1.2 m ice equivalent per year), the smoothing is about 8 years, increasing to several hundreds of years for the Vostok ice core with a few mm ice equivalent.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the time period from 1850 through 2008 is used as a base, the net increase is just under 0.70C and the average rise is also 0.040C per decade!
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .Ocean temperatures increase more slowly than land temperatures because of the larger effective heat capacity of the oceans and because the ocean loses more heat by evaporation.^ The land will heat faster than ocean.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oceans were receiving MORE heat from the atmosphere.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This heat stress intensification is due to preferential warming of the hot tail of the daily temperature distribution, with 95th percentile maximum and minimum temperature magnitude increasing more than 75th percentile magnitude.

[21] .The Northern Hemisphere warms faster than the Southern Hemisphere because it has more land and because it has extensive areas of seasonal snow and sea-ice cover subject to ice-albedo feedback.^ The land will heat faster than ocean.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other fast feedbacks include changes of clouds, snow cover, and sea ice.

^ The Northern hemisphere has warmed while the Southern has cooled .
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although more greenhouse gases are emitted in the Northern than Southern Hemisphere this does not contribute to the difference in warming because the major greenhouse gases persist long enough to mix between hemispheres.^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Northern hemisphere has warmed while the Southern has cooled .
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scientists point the finger directly at global warming, which changed precipitation patterns and is now causing more "intense rainstorms across parts of the northern hemisphere."
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[22]
.The thermal inertia of the oceans and slow responses of other indirect effects mean that climate can take centuries or longer to adjust to changes in forcing.^ For me, the important points made by Prof. Ramanathan are that: 1) CO2 is not a significant climate driver, 2) the aqua-sphere is far more significant, 3) the response of the continents to global temperature changes depends significantly upon ocean thermal inertia, 4) climate scientists have a poor understanding of ocean thermal inertia.

^ The real fact to face is that there always is change in climate and weather over periods of several decades to centuries.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Throughout history climatic changes probably forced technological innovations and adaptations.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Climate commitment studies indicate that even if greenhouse gases were stabilized at 2000 levels, a further warming of about 0.5 °C (0.9 °F) would still occur.^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A heat source will still warm air that is devoid of greenhouse gases.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are therefore committed to taking strong and early action to tackle climate change in order to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.

[23]

External forcings

.External forcing refers to processes external to the climate system (though not necessarily external to Earth) that influence climate.^ A recent paper in Nature shows that a climate sensitivity greater than 1.5 °C has probably been a robust feature of the Earth's climate system over the past 420 million years.

^ [You have to be careful here: though we speak of "thermal inertia," there is no inertia in the climate system that is like the inertia of Newtonian mechanics.

^ The forward transfer function, λ 0 , is the "reference-system climate sensitivity parameter", comprising only a gain.

.Climate responds to several types of external forcing, such as radiative forcing due to changes in atmospheric composition (mainly greenhouse gas concentrations), changes in solar luminosity, volcanic eruptions, and variations in Earth's orbit around the Sun.^ Radiative forcing of climate change: expanding the concept and addressing uncertainties.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ When the earth's climate laps into and out of ice ages it is due to variations in earth's orbit.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This cannot be regarded as a surprise: that the sensitivity of the Earth's climate to changing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations must depend strongly on cloud feedbacks can be illustrated on the simplest theoretical grounds, using data that have been available for a long time.

[4] .Attribution of recent climate change focuses on the first three types of forcing.^ Throughout history climatic changes probably forced technological innovations and adaptations.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Evidence and implications of recent climate change in northern Alaska and other Arctic regions.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Instead of modeling climate as unstable, as their GCMs do, climatologists should investigate the dynamic range of the controlling variables, and changes in the forcing variables.

.Orbital cycles vary slowly over tens of thousands of years and thus are too gradual to have caused the temperature changes observed in the past century.^ After El Nino years the global temperature typically falls back – that is what is seen in 1999 and 2000 – before slowly recovering.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I read a paper on such a proxy in Science somewhile back and from this it was deduced that ice pack cover in the north atlantic has varied substantially in the last ten thousand years and even in the last thousand.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Solar Variability & Global Warming Some uncertainty remains about the role of natural variations in causing climate change.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Greenhouse gases

.Greenhouse effect schematic showing energy flows between space, the atmosphere, and earth's surface.^ Any honest analysis of the information available shows that it is the sun that has the greatest effect on the Earth's temperature, rather than some small fraction of a percetnage of CO2 that is in the atmosphere.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If Earth’s atmosphere lacked greenhouse gases…The lower atmosphere would be colder and the upper atmosphere would be warmer.” .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the hypothetical equilibrium earth system, the greenhouse effect does not “retain” anything.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Energy exchanges are expressed in watts per square meter (W/m2).
 
.Recent atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) increases.^ Carbon dioxide is increasing at an unprecedented rate.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And by extension, if we can control atmospheric carbon dioxide, we can exert a positive control over the global mean temperature.

^ Carbon dioxide is not the causal trigger for AGW, but may be little more than a lagging indicator that the warming oceans are emitting more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Monthly CO2 measurements display seasonal oscillations in overall yearly uptrend; each year's maximum occurs during the Northern Hemisphere's late spring, and declines during its growing season as plants remove some atmospheric CO2.
.The greenhouse effect is the process by which absorption and emission of infrared radiation by gases in the atmosphere warm a planet's lower atmosphere and surface.^ Emissions of greenhouse gases in the United States .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [These so-called greenhouse gases absorb infrared radiation, emitted by the Earth's surface, the atmosphere and clouds, except in a transparent part of the spectrum called the "atmospheric window", as shown in Figure 1.2.

.It was discovered by Joseph Fourier in 1824 and was first investigated quantitatively by Svante Arrhenius in 1896.[24] Existence of the greenhouse effect as such is not disputed, even by those who do not agree that the recent temperature increase is attributable to human activity.^ Temperature increases with TSI over the first period.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most recent report concluded both, that global temperatures are rising, that this is caused largely by human activities and, in addition, that for increases in global average temperature, there are projected to be major changes in ecosystem structure and function with predominantly negative consequences for biodiversity and ecosystems, e.g.

^ The changes will be most felt by those least able to adapt, such as the poor, the very young, the elderly and those who already have certain conditions.

.The question is instead how the strength of the greenhouse effect changes when human activity increases the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.^ That’s how the greenhouse effect works.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No, the world is NOT warming, the Arctic and temperate/tropic zone glaciers are NOT melting, seasons and planting zones are NOT shifting, and there is NOTHING to suggest that human activities have anything to do with what isn't happening anyway (CO2 and methane are NOT greenhouse gases, human activities - agriculture and soot emissions - do NOT create albedo changes).
  • Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming - Mises Economics Blog 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a compelling trend , shown on the referenced graph , that the average combined global land and marine surface temperature has been rising since 1860 and that increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to human activities are most likely the underlying cause of warming in the 20th century.

.Naturally occurring greenhouse gases have a mean warming effect of about 33 °C (59 °F).^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That the warming occuring today is natural, not manmade.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ This mechanism is called the natural greenhouse effect.

[25][C] .The major greenhouse gases are water vapor, which causes about 36–70 percent of the greenhouse effect; carbon dioxide (CO2), which causes 9–26 percent; methane (CH4), which causes 4–9 percent; and ozone (O3), which causes 3–7 percent.^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Major volcanic eruptions tend to cause an inverse greenhouse effect.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26][27][28] .Clouds also affect the radiation balance, but they are composed of liquid water or ice and so are considered separately from water vapor and other gases.^ In said theory, and in all other GH theories, water vapor is by FAR the most important GHG in Earth’s atmosphere.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Otherwise it is dominated by horizontal and vertical flows in water currents, clouds, and gases, and intense heat exchanges.

^ Regardless of whether solar radiation and outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) are balanced at any point, a small change in cloud cover causes a small change in OLR but a huge change in solar radiation.

.Human activity since the Industrial Revolution has increased the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, leading to increased radiative forcing from CO2, methane, tropospheric ozone, CFCs and nitrous oxide.^ Human burning of fossil fuels has increased the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere 4.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 1998 CO2 has increased while temperatures have fallen 3.Humanity has added CO2 to the atmosphere since the industrial revolution.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many environmentalists believe that the burning of fossil fuels, the release of methane from agricultural activities, and the escape of other chemicals into the air over the next few decades will lead to an effective doubling of greenhouse gases sometime in the next century.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The concentrations of CO2 and methane have increased by 36% and 148% respectively since 1750.[29] These levels are much higher than at any time during the last 650,000 years, the period for which reliable data has been extracted from ice cores.^ On methane: eyeballing the data, we see a ~8 ppb/year increase.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most plant growth increases at higher levels of CO 2 .
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The questionability of ice core CO 2 determination .
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30][31][32] .Less direct geological evidence indicates that CO2 values higher than this were last seen about 20 million years ago.^ Venus millions of years ago.
  • Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming - Mises Economics Blog 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The prevailing view among climatologists is that the Climatic Optimum -- 9,000 to 4,000 years ago -- resulted from orbital mechanics which increased summer radiation in the Northern Hemisphere, although winters received less heat than they do in the modern world.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About 1 year ago a forum like this would have been loaded with fools who bought into Al Gore's bogus claims, but things are changing for the better.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] .Fossil fuel burning has produced about three-quarters of the increase in CO2 from human activity over the past 20 years.^ Human burning of fossil fuels has increased the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere 4.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many environmentalists believe that the burning of fossil fuels, the release of methane from agricultural activities, and the escape of other chemicals into the air over the next few decades will lead to an effective doubling of greenhouse gases sometime in the next century.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ever-increasing demands for fossil fuels and increasing energy consumption worldwide complicate the problem.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Most of the rest is due to land-use change, particularly deforestation.^ All continents and most oceans show that many natural systems are being affected by regional climate changes, particularly temperature increases.

^ The economic cost of the damage will be moderated by changes in land use and by agricultural trade, with some regions more able to adapt than others.

^ The energy we currently use, which most say changes the climate, and the energy we will need in the future to supply more people and to stave off the effects of a changed climate.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34]
.CO2 concentrations are continuing to rise due to burning of fossil fuels and land-use change.^ Some alternate techniques that determine CO 2 concentration over time contradict the slow changing ice record, but this may in fact be due to 1).
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mechanism claimed is based on an increased greenhouse effect caused by anthropogenic increases in CO 2 from burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, cement manufacture, and also from increases in CH 4 from farm animals and other causes.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is due to the need to essentially reduce current Fossil Fuel combustion by about 90% to reach the sustainable targets required.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The future rate of rise will depend on uncertain economic, sociological, technological, and natural developments.^ The rate of change we are observing now, and forecast by the models for the near future, is extremely rapid compared to natural variations.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.Accordingly, the IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios gives a wide range of future CO2 scenarios, ranging from 541 to 970 ppm by the year 2100 (an increase by 90-250% since 1750).^ It reports natural CO2 outgassed from the ocean as being exchanged with the atmosphere at about 90 gigatons per year, 100% of the emission rate.

^ That is why the IPCC states with over 90% certainty that warming is occurring, and it is caused by mankind's emissions.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the uptake of IR by CO2 is logarithimic, increasing the ppm has less and less effect, since nearly all of the the available heat has already been taken up by the gas already present.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35] .Fossil fuel reserves are sufficient to reach these levels and continue emissions past 2100 if coal, tar sands or methane clathrates are extensively exploited.^ Purdue University press release : - A new, high- resolution interactive map of U.S. carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels has found that the emissions aren't all where we thought.

^ This is due to the need to essentially reduce current Fossil Fuel combustion by about 90% to reach the sustainable targets required.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ RE: peak oil then peak coal lucky if we have 50 more years of fossil fuels Posted by: luzmejor .
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[36]
.The destruction of stratospheric ozone by chlorofluorocarbons is sometimes mentioned in relation to global warming.^ And since the Stratosphere did not concurrently cool with the warming of the Troposphere, it really didn’t behave a manner consistent with CO2-driven global warming from 1979-1998 either.” .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In their conversation, Joe briefly discusses his thoughts on the upcoming 2009 hurricane season and the relation between global warming and hurricanes.

^ If you have less ozone, there’s less absorption of the ultraviolet light and the stratosphere doesn’t warm as much.” .
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.Although there are a few areas of linkage, the relationship between the two is not strong.^ Glassman believes there are two "stable states" of the earth and that it oscillates between them.

^ Maybe because there is far less cause-effect linkage between the two than advertised?
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are excellent correlations between the regular fluctuations of the Sun and the Earth’s temperature, while scientists cannot find a relationship between industrial activity, energy consumption, and global temperatures .

.Reduction of stratospheric ozone has a cooling influence, but substantial ozone depletion did not occur until the late 1970s.^ But that's the ATMOSPHERE. Ozone depletion occurs in the stratosphere.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The stratosphere did concurrently cool.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since almost all of the stratospheric cooling over the satellite record is due to volcanic events and stratospheric ozone depletion…There’s little (if any) stratospheric cooling left over to account for much enhancement of tropospheric greenhouse warming over the past 30 years.” .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] .Ozone in the troposphere (the lowest part of the Earth's atmosphere) does contribute to surface warming.^ [Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming] TokyoTom: TLWP Sam: You ask how on earth is anyone supposed to private the atmosphere and oceans?
  • Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming - Mises Economics Blog 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It should have read, “… Earth is warming in part due to man-made problems.” .
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ The contrast between the extreme cold near the poles and the warm moist atmosphere on the equator drives storms and much of the earth's climate.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38]

Aerosols and soot

.
Ship tracks over the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast of the United States.
^ People from ancient Denmark shipped amber along the Atlantic coast to the Mediterranean.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The climatic impacts from aerosol forcing could have a large effect on climate through the indirect effect.
.Global dimming, a gradual reduction in the amount of global direct irradiance at the Earth's surface, has partially counteracted global warming from 1960 to the present.^ Global Warming: 1981 – Present and Beyond .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The same amount would reach the Earth’s surface and warm it.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Looking ahead 50 years from today, do you think global warming will be a major threat to human life on earth, a minor threat, or not a threat?"

[39] .The main cause of this dimming is aerosols produced by volcanoes and pollutants.^ Francis (17:38:41) : “The drop in temperature from 1940 to 1970 was claimed to have been caused by “global dimming” caused by aerosols…” .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The temperature drop between 1940 and 1970, along with the underperforming model estimates were recently blamed on “Global Dimming” caused by particulate pollution.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The drop in temperature from 1940 to 1970 was claimed to have been caused by “global dimming” caused by aerosols made by human activity.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These aerosols exert a cooling effect by increasing the reflection of incoming sunlight.^ Another, which would oppose warming, is a rise in the quantity of sulphate-based aerosols, which encourage cloud formation and thus cool the air by reflecting sunlight back into space.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In these, and other volcanic eruption cases, the increased absorption and reflectivity of the dust and aerosols at high altitudes lowered the surface Solar insolation, but since they absorbed more energy, they increased the high altitude temperature.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These references suggest that Professor Ramanathan has changed his mind completely regarding the influence of aerosol pollutants from cooling to warming to cooling in two years.

.James E. Hansen and colleagues have proposed that the effects of the products of fossil fuel combustion—CO2 and aerosols—have largely offset one another in recent decades, so that net warming has been driven mainly by non-CO2 greenhouse gases.^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many environmentalists believe that the burning of fossil fuels, the release of methane from agricultural activities, and the escape of other chemicals into the air over the next few decades will lead to an effective doubling of greenhouse gases sometime in the next century.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Besides, no part of the theory that ascribes the most recent warming mainly to the effect of greenhouse gases suggests that every year should be warmer than the previous one.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40]
.In addition to their direct effect by scattering and absorbing solar radiation, aerosols have indirect effects on the radiation budget.^ In addition, Solar radiance at the sun's surface, is dependent on fluid dynamics within the sun.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Solar radiant energy is primarily absorbed in the ocean because of its surface area, total mass, and color.

^ Global climate change and agricultural production: direct and indirect effects of changing hydrological, pedological, and plant physiological processes.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

[41] .Sulfate aerosols act as cloud condensation nuclei and thus lead to clouds that have more and smaller cloud droplets.^ Good reason exists for this to be the case because humidity increases with increasing surface temperature, and cloud cover will increase with increasing humidity if sufficient condensation nuclei exist.

^ Low clouds are warm and consist of liquid water droplets, which depend on cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and may be influenced by ion-aerosol interactions.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By disrupting the natural condensation process which causes small cloud droplets to become larger ones and fall to earth as rain.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These clouds reflect solar radiation more efficiently than clouds with fewer and larger droplets.^ He gives estimates of the efficiency of hunting and gathering that indicate that the latter was more efficient than farming -- at least for large game.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Regardless of whether solar radiation and outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) are balanced at any point, a small change in cloud cover causes a small change in OLR but a huge change in solar radiation.

^ As shown in the Journal under the topic Solar Wind , the correlation of global average surface temperature with the solar wind is more than twice the correlation that the "devastating" El Niño has with temperature.

[42] .This effect also causes droplets to be of more uniform size, which reduces growth of raindrops and makes the cloud more reflective to incoming sunlight.^ To be able to massively grow their population base while the “concerned” people reduce the very population growth needed to sustain their own culture – that which makes the people of the region unique.

^ And the possible causes: attributed to more than average volcanic activity pumping sun reflecting SO2 into the high atmosphere and lower than usual sunspot activity.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Moreover, the enrichment of the atmosphere with CO2 will fertilize plants and make for more vigorous growth.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43]
.Soot may cool or warm, depending on whether it is airborne or deposited.^ The Earths overall temperature may be warming or cooling I dont know and there are models and measurements which can contradict each other.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Atmospheric soot aerosols directly absorb solar radiation, which heats the atmosphere and cools the surface.^ After the solar radiation heats the Earth’s surface, some of this energy is radiated back into the atmosphere.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the surface/atmosphere had “black-body” character, all the heat would be radiated directly to space, there would be no losses by any other mechanism, and the temperature would be 32K lower.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In these, and other volcanic eruption cases, the increased absorption and reflectivity of the dust and aerosols at high altitudes lowered the surface Solar insolation, but since they absorbed more energy, they increased the high altitude temperature.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In isolated areas with high soot production, such as rural India, as much as 50% of surface warming due to greenhouse gases may be masked by atmospheric brown clouds.^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Since emerging countries such as India and China will soon pass the United States as the largest contributor of greenhouse gases, what ever is done to control these gases should be undertaken by almost all industrial countries."

^ This preferential warming of the hot tail is dictated in large part by a surface moisture feedback, with areas of greatest warm-season drying showing the greatest increases in hot temperature extremes.

[44] .When deposited, especially on glaciers or on ice in arctic regions, the lower surface albedo can also directly heat the surface.^ If the surface/atmosphere had “black-body” character, all the heat would be radiated directly to space, there would be no losses by any other mechanism, and the temperature would be 32K lower.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Extensive ice and snow minimize the absorption of solar radiation, locking the surface at a temperature determined primarily by Earth's internal heat.

^ The former is from the Vostok record of glacial epochs, especially the 450,000 year reduction, and what little is known about the major ice ages.

[45] .The influences of aerosols, including black carbon, are most pronounced in the tropics and sub-tropics, particularly in Asia, while the effects of greenhouse gases are dominant in the extratropics and southern hemisphere.^ The most important greenhouse gases are water vapour and carbon dioxide.

^ In fact, the only thing I can really confirm for you is that carbon dioxide has a 'greenhouse effect' in our atmosphere, and we are responsible for 0.28% of it [6].
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The reality is that the contribution to the greenhouse effect by man-made CO2 is, for all practical purposes, negligible, and so all this fooling about with carbon taxes and policies will not make any difference.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]

Solar variation

Solar variation over the last thirty years.
.Variations in solar output have been the cause of past climate changes,[47] but solar forcing is generally thought to be too small to account for a significant part of global warming in recent decades.^ Solar Variability & Global Warming Some uncertainty remains about the role of natural variations in causing climate change.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I can beleive global warming, but not caused by us.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [T]here is no evidence that we are, or could ever cause global climate change.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[48][49]
.Greenhouse gases and solar forcing affect temperatures in different ways.^ While a component of recent global warming may have been caused by the increased solar activity of the last solar cycle, that component was very small compared to the effects of additional greenhouse gases.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [It is remarkable that our general circulation climate models are able to explain the observed temperature trends during the last century solely through variations in greenhouse gases, aerosols and solar irradiance.

^ The observed recent increase in CO 2 (and also Methane) is thought to have increased the greenhouse effect of atmospheric gases to trap more radiated heat and thus raise the surface temperature.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While both increased solar activity and increased greenhouse gases are expected to warm the troposphere, an increase in solar activity should warm the stratosphere while an increase in greenhouse gases should cool the stratosphere.^ Stratosphere and the Troposphere have linear cooling trends.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ RW (04:33:27) : “So an increase in greenhouse gases cools the Stratosphere and a decrease in greenhouse gases cools the Stratosphere?” .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .Observations show that temperatures in the stratosphere have been cooling since 1979, when satellite measurements became available.^ Since 2005, HadCRUT3 shows 0.2 C to 0.3 C of cooling.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any honest analysis of the information available shows that it is the sun that has the greatest effect on the Earth's temperature, rather than some small fraction of a percetnage of CO2 that is in the atmosphere.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 2003, the Stratosphere and Troposphere have had cooling trends… Jan 2003 – Apr 2009 .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Radiosonde (weather balloon) data from the pre-satellite era show cooling since 1958, though there is greater uncertainty in the early radiosonde record.^ The satellite data doesn't show any heating since its inception in 1970.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 2005, HadCRUT3 shows 0.2 C to 0.3 C of cooling.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The worst part is that there is an inherent upward bias in weather station data, the urban heat island effect.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50]
.A related hypothesis, proposed by Henrik Svensmark, is that magnetic activity of the sun deflects cosmic rays that may influence the generation of cloud condensation nuclei and thereby affect the climate.^ On Svensmark…His SKY experiment demonstrated the cosmic ray – cloud connection.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The cosmic ray-cloud connection and climate change .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clouds are determined by cosmic rays, determined by the earth's magnetic field, determined by the sun's magnetic field, determined by the wobble of the sun around the center of gravity of the solar system.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51] .Other research has found no relation between warming in recent decades and cosmic rays.^ No other postulated factor can account for the recent warming.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I will look for something recent on cosmic rays.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In any other field of science work would be allowed to continue unhindered on all views until a definitive proof was obtained, but NO not so for global warming!
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52][53] .A recent study concluded that the influence of cosmic rays on cloud cover is about a factor of 100 lower than needed to explain the observed changes in clouds or to be a significant contributor to present-day climate change.^ And it’s also the single most important factor in influencing global climate change.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ These climate changes are well within natural variability and explained quite easily by changes in the sun.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ But with climate change, the scientists are more worried than the public.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[54]

Feedback

.Feedback is a process in which changing one quantity changes a second quantity, and the change in the second quantity in turn changes the first.^ These are hydrological processes, dynamic feedbacks not modeled by IPCC but producing the first order climate effects and the natural background which mask any effects due to man.

^ Like the First Order Relative Changes of Sea Level and the Second Order Relative Changes of Sea Level on this chart .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Positive feedback amplifies the change in the first quantity while negative feedback reduces it.^ Cloud cover is almost certainly a positive feedback based on IPCC modeling, and that makes cloud albedo a negative feedback.

^ It is uncertain whether the cloud feedback is positive or negative, because clouds can increase or decrease in response to climate change.

^ The cloud albedo effect, changing in amounts too small even to be detected in today's state-of-the-art, is an overwhelming negative feedback to warming, reducing climate sensitivity due to the greenhouse effect by one full order of magnitude.

.Feedback is important in the study of global warming because it may amplify or diminish the effect of a particular process.^ The petroleum industry is spending a lot of money trying to discredit global warming, because it doesn’t want to lose money and it doesn’t want to have to do business a different way.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ A study by the relief group Christian Aid estimates the number of refugees around the world will top a billion by 2050, thanks in large part to global warming.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Even without any potential effects of global warming, feeding that many people might be difficult.

.The main positive feedback in global warming is the tendency of warming to increase the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere, which in turn leads to further warming.^ As the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere rises, more of the gas reacts with seawater to produce bicarbonate and hydrogen ions, increasing the acidity of the surface layer of water.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The findings that the predicted "tropical hot spots" do not exist are important because the IPCC models assume these hot spots will be formed by increased evaporation from warmer oceans leading to the accumulations of higher concentrations of water vapour in the upper atmosphere, and thereby generating a positive feedback reinforcing the small amount of warming that can be caused by CO2 alone.

^ By the Global Warming Theory I mean the theory that as a direct and primary result of human activity increasing the amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, we are causing the Earths aggregate temperature to increase at an unnatural rate which will be on the aggregate detrimental to human existence.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The main negative feedback is that according to the Stefan–Boltzmann law, the amount of heat radiated from the Earth into space increases with the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere.^ The gases are a resistance to Earth's radiation to deep space that cools the surface.

^ Heat that would otherwise escape into space is retained in the atmosphere.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the solar radiation heats the Earth’s surface, some of this energy is radiated back into the atmosphere.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Imperfect understanding of feedbacks is a major cause of uncertainty and concern about global warming.^ Myths and falsehoods about global warming .
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What do you suggest be done about global warming?
  • Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming - Mises Economics Blog 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I can beleive global warming, but not caused by us.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Climate models

Calculations of global warming prepared in or before 2001 from a range of climate models under the SRES A2 emissions scenario, which assumes no action is taken to reduce emissions and regionally divided economic development.
 
.The geographic distribution of surface warming during the 21st century calculated by the HadCM3 climate model if a business as usual scenario is assumed for economic growth and greenhouse gas emissions.^ The climate models are in part economic mo...
  • Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming - Mises Economics Blog 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meehl and his colleagues used two sophisticated computer models of global climate to predict what would happen under various scenarios for greenhouse gas emission controls, taking into account the oceanic time lag.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Engineer (01:07:21) : Sorry off subject – but has anyone attempted to explain the two warming periods (1910-45 and 1975-98) with respect to the vast differences in a) CO2 concentrations or b) Human CO2 emissions during the 2 periods.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In this figure, the globally averaged warming corresponds to 3.0 °C (5.4 °F).
.The main tools for projecting future climate changes are mathematical models based on physical principles including fluid dynamics, thermodynamics and radiative transfer.^ Their projections into the future—especially when combined with the output of economic models—are therefore a kind of fiction.
  • Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming - Mises Economics Blog 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ QC981.8.C5B864 2005 Cox, John D. Climate crash: abrupt climate change and what it means for our future .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ In addition, Solar radiance at the sun's surface, is dependent on fluid dynamics within the sun.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although they attempt to include as many processes as possible, simplifications of the actual climate system are inevitable because of the constraints of available computer power and limitations in knowledge of the climate system.^ Modern GCMs [global climate models] have no such objective claim to validity, because they cannot predict the weather over any relevant time scale.
  • Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming - Mises Economics Blog 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It’s bizarre when lay people imagine they’ve thought of some factor in the climate system that 2500 of the world’s leading scientists have somehow overlooked.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Other possibilities include the limitation of maternal or educational benefits to two children per family.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All modern climate models are in fact combinations of models for different parts of the Earth.^ The climate models are in part economic mo...
  • Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming - Mises Economics Blog 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Modern GCMs [global climate models] have no such objective claim to validity, because they cannot predict the weather over any relevant time scale.
  • Opponents of the "Consensus" on Anthropogenic Global Warming - Mises Economics Blog 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ David Rind, a climate modeler and NASA scientist, has questioned the applicability of past warming episodes to the modern issue of climatic alteration caused by increased CO2 concentrations.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These include an atmospheric model for air movement, temperature, clouds, and other atmospheric properties; an ocean model that predicts temperature, salt content, and circulation of ocean waters; models for ice cover on land and sea; and a model of heat and moisture transfer from soil and vegetation to the atmosphere.^ The land will heat faster than ocean.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other fast feedbacks include changes of clouds, snow cover, and sea ice.

^ The oceans were receiving MORE heat from the atmosphere.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some models also include treatments of chemical and biological processes.^ This assertion is seemingly supported primarily by computer models which embody some, but not all of the energy transfer mechanisms thought to occur in our dynamic planetary processes.

^ So, you're an engineer (probably either civil or, maybe, chemical), with some experience with modeling of risk assessment of solid waste units.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some models are also starting to include detailed chemistry and the processes driving the carbon cycle.

[55] .Warming due to increasing levels of greenhouse gases is not an assumption of the models; rather, it is an end result from the interaction of greenhouse gases with radiative transfer and other physical processes in the models.^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now a lot of work seems to be on the side of increasing the radiative effect due to increased CO2 without considering how this couples into the conductive process dominated by water vapour.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ David Rind, a climate modeler and NASA scientist, has questioned the applicability of past warming episodes to the modern issue of climatic alteration caused by increased CO2 concentrations.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[56] .Although much of the variation in model outcomes depends on the greenhouse gas emissions used as inputs, the temperature effect of a specific greenhouse gas concentration (climate sensitivity) varies depending on the model used.^ What is the concensus regarding FUTURE greenhouse gas emissions and FUTURE temperatures?
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meehl and his colleagues used two sophisticated computer models of global climate to predict what would happen under various scenarios for greenhouse gas emission controls, taking into account the oceanic time lag.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This cannot be regarded as a surprise: that the sensitivity of the Earth's climate to changing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations must depend strongly on cloud feedbacks can be illustrated on the simplest theoretical grounds, using data that have been available for a long time.

.The representation of clouds is one of the main sources of uncertainty in present-generation models.^ Current state-of-the-art climate models now include fully interactive representations of clouds, oceans, land surfaces and aerosols.

^ Spencer, et al, say that this uncertainty "makes accurate convective and cloud parameterization in General Circulation Models (GCMs) critical".

^ At the time of the TAR clouds remained a major source of uncertainty in the simulation of climate changes (as they still are at present).

[57]
.Global climate model projections of future climate most often have used estimates of greenhouse gas emissions from the IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES).^ What is the concensus regarding FUTURE greenhouse gas emissions and FUTURE temperatures?
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IPCC global climate models do not model the hydrological cycle faithfully.

^ Meehl and his colleagues used two sophisticated computer models of global climate to predict what would happen under various scenarios for greenhouse gas emission controls, taking into account the oceanic time lag.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to human-caused emissions, some models also include a simulation of the carbon cycle; this generally shows a positive feedback, though this response is uncertain.^ Some of it is probably caused by human activity.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some models are also starting to include detailed chemistry and the processes driving the carbon cycle.

^ This is a positive feedback which IPCC does not simulate.

.Some observational studies also show a positive feedback.^ Roy Spencer in a 2 part (18 minutes total) video showing there is a negative feedback mechanism in the Tropics not a positive : .
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58][59][60] Including uncertainties in future greenhouse gas concentrations and climate sensitivity, the IPCC anticipates a warming of 1.1 °C to 6.4 °C (2.0 °F to 11.5 °F) by the end of the 21st century, relative to 1980–1999.[3]
.Models are also used to help investigate the causes of recent climate change by comparing the observed changes to those that the models project from various natural and human-derived causes.^ Weather, climate, and climate change: human perspectives .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Being used by the climate change lobby.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Computer models can hindcast the climate up until then using natural causes.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although these models do not unambiguously attribute the warming that occurred from approximately 1910 to 1945 to either natural variation or human effects, they do indicate that the warming since 1970 is dominated by man-made greenhouse gas emissions.^ That the warming occuring today is natural, not manmade.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ This mechanism is called the natural greenhouse effect.

^ This blanketing is known as the natural greenhouse effect.

[4]
.The physical realism of models is tested by examining their ability to simulate current or past climates.^ And this one illustrating the divergence between the climate models and reality … .

^ Your suggestion that climate models depend on the laws of physics and chemistry is almost as irrelevant as it is disingenuous.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ David Rind, a climate modeler and NASA scientist, has questioned the applicability of past warming episodes to the modern issue of climatic alteration caused by increased CO2 concentrations.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[61] .Current climate models produce a good match to observations of global temperature changes over the last century, but do not simulate all aspects of climate.^ Global carbon cycle and climate change .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Climate change and global crop productivity .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Global climate change.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

[34] .Not all effects of global warming are accurately predicted by the climate models used by the IPCC.^ The focus here is on Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) as modeled by IPCC. .

^ After all, global warming is a religion.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IPCC global climate models do not model the hydrological cycle faithfully.

.For example, observed Arctic shrinkage has been faster than that predicted.^ Schneider: Not much change over the past few decades, except nature is cooperating with theory as formerly theoretical projections like heat waves and ice melt is now observed–at faster rates than predicted.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another recent report noted that Arctic ice is melting faster than ever before, and another says that atmospheric CO2 is rising faster than the rates that IPCC used in their predictions of climate change.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is true in the Arctic, which is warming faster than anywhere else.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[62]

Attributed and expected effects

Environmental

Sparse records indicate that glaciers have been retreating since the early 1800s. In the 1950s measurements began that allow the monitoring of glacial mass balance, reported to the WGMS and the NSIDC.
.It is usually impossible to connect specific weather events to global warming.^ Unfortunately the global warming ideology as peddled by the propagandists has attracted political attention, and, as usual, money has followed, unfortunately in huge quantities.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All politics aside, and irrespective of how true specific claims about global warming are,it seems that the worst thing we can do is nothing.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These days it is well nigh impossible to not be aware of the 'Global Warming' hysteria.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Instead, global warming is expected to cause changes in the overall distribution and intensity of events, such as changes to the frequency and intensity of heavy precipitation.^ Causes and consequences of global environmental change.-- v.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ I can beleive global warming, but not caused by us.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Global Warming is real, but it is not caused by CO2.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.Broader effects are expected to include glacial retreat, Arctic shrinkage including long-term shrinkage of the Greenland ice sheet[63], and worldwide sea level rise.^ The sea levels have been rising since the last ice age ended.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sea levels will continue to rise as polar ice caps melt.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rising sea levels?
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some effects on both the natural environment and human life are, at least in part, already being attributed to global warming.^ Scientists point the finger directly at global warming, which changed precipitation patterns and is now causing more "intense rainstorms across parts of the northern hemisphere."
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Many of their names were used as part of the "consensus" and they don't believe that Global Warming is caused by Human CO2 production.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Looking ahead 50 years from today, do you think global warming will be a major threat to human life on earth, a minor threat, or not a threat?"

.A 2001 report by the IPCC suggests that glacier retreat, ice shelf disruption such as that of the Larsen Ice Shelf, sea level rise, changes in rainfall patterns, and increased intensity and frequency of extreme weather events are attributable in part to global warming.^ Scientists blame global warming and the rising temperature of the surface of the seas.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ The sea levels have been rising since the last ice age ended.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sea levels will continue to rise as polar ice caps melt.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[64] .Other expected effects include water scarcity in some regions and increased precipitation in others, changes in mountain snowpack, and some adverse health effects from warmer temperatures.^ Any honest analysis of the information available shows that it is the sun that has the greatest effect on the Earth's temperature, rather than some small fraction of a percetnage of CO2 that is in the atmosphere.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The reasons for the shift are not clear but the initial change appears to be abrupt, as will be shown shortly, but while this provides some clues about cause it says little about the ongoing effects.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So spell out the assumptions on emissions that you made in your projections (don't forget effect of increasing precipitation on global wetland area, which would increase methane emissions).
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[65]
.Social and economic effects of global warming may be exacerbated by growing population densities in affected areas.^ The Science: The original global warming scare really got momentum when some GCMs (models) showed a warming effect from anthropogenic CO2.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fact that the interior ice sheet is growing is a predicted consequence of global climate warming."
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although most of the forecasts of global warming's repercussions have been dire, an examination of the likely effects suggests little basis for that gloomy view.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Temperate regions are projected to experience fewer cold-related deaths but many more deaths from heat exposure.[66] .A summary of probable effects and recent understanding can be found in the report made for the IPCC Third Assessment Report by Working Group II.[64] The newer IPCC Fourth Assessment Report summary reports that there is observational evidence for an increase in intense tropical cyclone activity in the North Atlantic Ocean since about 1970, in correlation with the increase in sea surface temperature (see Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation), but that the detection of long-term trends is complicated by the quality of records prior to routine satellite observations.^ Katie also talks about the IPCC's fourth assessment on climate change.

^ An IPCC report released in February found : .
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know that you are familiar with the IPCC Third Assessment Report.

.The summary also states that there is no clear trend in the annual worldwide number of tropical cyclones.^ The point was that a symmetrical oscillating function can impart an apparent secular trend where there is no true secular trend.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no statistically significant downward trend.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And with the recent paper published in Nature stating that there will be no warming for the next 10 years we'll have 20 years of no warming.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3]
.Additional expected effects include sea level rise of 0.18 to 0.59 meters (0.59 to 1.9 ft) in 2090–2100 relative to 1980–1999,[3] new trade routes resulting from arctic shrinkage,[67] possible thermohaline circulation slowing, increasingly intense, in some locations, (but less frequent) hurricanes [68]and extreme weather events,[69] reductions in the ozone layer, changes in agriculture yields, changes in the range of climate-dependent disease vectors,[70] which have been linked to increases in the prevalence of malaria and dengue fever,[71] and ocean oxygen depletion.^ Early effects of climate change: do they include changes in vector-borne disease?
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Climate change: Alarm over acidifying oceans .
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New extremes of weather and climate are exceeded every year.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[72] .Increased atmospheric CO2 increases the amount of CO2 dissolved in the oceans.^ As the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere rises, more of the gas reacts with seawater to produce bicarbonate and hydrogen ions, increasing the acidity of the surface layer of water.
  • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The observed recent increase in CO 2 (and also Methane) is thought to have increased the greenhouse effect of atmospheric gases to trap more radiated heat and thus raise the surface temperature.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The increase in winds has led to a release of natural CO 2 stored in the deep ocean, which is preventing further absorption of the greenhouse gas.

[73] .CO2 dissolved in the ocean reacts with water to form carbonic acid, resulting in ocean acidification.^ If AGW and ocean acidification are not problems even with some CO 2 increases, why the big issue.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Guilderson and Schrag [3] examined ocean water near the Galapagos Islands and discovered a sharp change in the amount of carbon-14 in the water.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The elkhorn coral which used to line the floor of the Caribbean are nearly gone, "victims of pollution, warmer water and acidification from the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide seeping into oceans."
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.Ocean surface pH is estimated to have decreased from 8.25 near the beginning of the industrial era to 8.14 by 2004,[74] and is projected to decrease by a further 0.14 to 0.5 units by 2100 as the ocean absorbs more CO2.^ The increase in winds has led to a release of natural CO 2 stored in the deep ocean, which is preventing further absorption of the greenhouse gas.

^ The present level of 385 ppm of CO 2 in the air has made surface pH levels go to 8.1.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even if the atmospheric CO 2 levels increase as much as the AGW predictions, and assuming this resulted in the projected drop in surface ocean pH (using the unrealistic linear extrapolation method), the results would still not be as unfavorable as stated.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3][75] .Heat and carbon dioxide trapped in the oceans may still take hundreds of years to be re-emitted, even after greenhouse gas emissions are eventually reduced.^ However, oceans take hundreds of years to heat up, which explains the lag.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions account for over 80 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions.

[8] Since organisms and ecosystems are adapted to a narrow range of pH, this raises extinction concerns and disruptions in food webs.[76] .One study predicts 18% to 35% of a sample of 1,103 animal and plant species would be extinct by 2050, based on future climate projections.^ In Israel, for example, one study found that people grew taller with the domestication of animals.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With little imagination, one would have predicted that we would still be warming today from whatever natural causes were in effect in 1750.

^ The UN IPCC is generally acknowledged to be left-leaning, and its 1995 report on climate change was one of the principle bases for the Kyoto meeting.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77] .However, few mechanistic studies have documented extinctions due to recent climate change,[78] and one study suggests that projected rates of extinction are uncertain.^ However, I must to accept that I was deceived through many years by another catastrophist idea on a scorching climate change.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As I said in my earlier post, no one is saying that climate change cannot happen without human interference.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Evidence and implications of recent climate change in northern Alaska and other Arctic regions.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

[79]

Economic

.
Projected temperature increase for a range of stabilization scenarios (the colored bands).
^ A chart projecting the rise of sea levels in six different scenarios showed that the "the best estimate for the high scenario," which defined the " likely range" of temperature increases over the next century to be from "2.4°C to 6.4°C," resulting in an increase in sea levels between 0.26 meters and 0.59 meters, which converts to a range of 10.24 to 23.23 inches.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The projected natural fluctuations of temperature for the current geological period are into a range of -3 °C to 3 °C (total of 6 °C), so a change of 0.55 °C is into the natural expected fluctuations.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Crop yield is projected to increase in temperate regions for a global temperature rise of up to 3 °C, above this value, if warming continues, yield declines.

.The black line in middle of the shaded area indicates 'best estimates'; the red and the blue lines the likely limits.^ The northern limit for grapes during the Middle Ages was about 300 miles above the current commercial wine areas in France and Germany.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

From IPCC AR4.
In a literature assessment, Smith and others concluded, with medium confidence,[D] that:
  • climate change would increase income inequalities between and within countries
  • a small increase in global mean temperature (up to 2 °C by 2100, measured against 1990 levels) would result in net negative market sector impacts in many developing countries and net positive market sector impacts in many developed countries
  • the aggregate market sector impact (i.e., total impacts across all regions) of a small increase in global mean temperature would amount to plus or minus a few percent of world GDP.
.With high confidence, Smith and others concluded that a medium (2-3 °C) to high (above 3 °C) level of warming would result in more intense negative impacts, and that net positive impacts would begin to decline and eventually become negative.^ In any other field of science work would be allowed to continue unhindered on all views until a definitive proof was obtained, but NO not so for global warming!
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You say it would have no effects on the earth and its environment because Al Gore's mentor said that maybe his thesis of rising carbon levels and the resultant warming should be viewed with caution?!
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Should warming become apparent at some time in the future and should it create more difficulties than benefits, policy makers would have to consider preventive measures.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[80] .They found that most studies showed aggregate net damages at a global scale above a medium temperature increase, with further damages at higher temperatures.^ Mass extinction, claiming between 20-30% of species, is likely if the global temperature increase exceeds the range 1.5–2.5 °C. In the second half of this century terrestrial ecosystems will become a net source of carbon for the first time.

^ This preferential warming of the hot tail is dictated in large part by a surface moisture feedback, with areas of greatest warm-season drying showing the greatest increases in hot temperature extremes.

^ By the Global Warming Theory I mean the theory that as a direct and primary result of human activity increasing the amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, we are causing the Earths aggregate temperature to increase at an unnatural rate which will be on the aggregate detrimental to human existence.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Depending on underlying assumptions, studies of the economic impacts of a doubling in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) from pre-industrial levels conclude that this would have a slightly negative to moderately positive aggregate effect on the agricultural sector.^ No-one has yet found a real reason to suppose that carbon dioxide has any more than a tiny effect.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And by extension, if we can control atmospheric carbon dioxide, we can exert a positive control over the global mean temperature.

^ Carbon dioxide is not the causal trigger for AGW, but may be little more than a lagging indicator that the warming oceans are emitting more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

[80] .This aggregate effect hides substantial regional differences, with benefits mostly predicted in the developed world and strongly negative impacts for populations poorly connected to regional and global trading systems.^ Beyond Kyoto: a new global climate certificate system: continuing Kyoto commitments or a global ’cap and trade’ scheme for a sustainable climate policy?
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Thus a system as complex and poorly understood as global climate is rendered less fearsome simply by declaring that it’s all mankind’s fault.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Weather Radar Katie also talks about the major impact of global warming on the Kootenay region of British Columbia.

.A number of other sectors will be affected by climate change, including the livestock, forestry, and fisheries industries.^ On the other hand, geologists have to understand climate, so climatology is included in their academic curriculum and geologists are certified in climatology also.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The debate on climate change is never boring, the debate is full of surprises, and anyone claiming the debate is over is simply dismissing a significant number of papers that appear regularly in the major journals."
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Evidence and implications of recent climate change in northern Alaska and other Arctic regions.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Other sectors sensitive to climate change include the energy, construction, insurance, tourism and recreation industries.^ Tourism, recreation, and climate change.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Thus climate changes are more sensitive to changes in water vapour than to CO2.

^ Evidence and implications of recent climate change in northern Alaska and other Arctic regions.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.The aggregate impact of climate change on most of these sectors is highly uncertain.^ In the case of climate change, the probability that the proposed regulatory actions would for the most part have little impact on climate, regardless of the scenario chosen, appears to be of no consequence.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is uncertain whether the cloud feedback is positive or negative, because clouds can increase or decrease in response to climate change.

^ Human activity is likely to play only a small and uncertain role in climate change.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[81]
.Stern in 2007 assessed climate change impacts using the basic economics of risk premiums.^ The economics of climate change: a primer.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The economics of abrupt climate change.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Stern review of climate change economics .
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[82] .He found that unmitigated climate change could result in a reduction in welfare equivalent to a persistent average fall in global per-capita consumption of at least 5%.^ Climate change and global crop productivity .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Climate change and global food security .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Global carbon cycle and climate change .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

The study by Stern has received both criticism and support from other economists (see Stern Review). .The IPCC in 2007 concluded that "Aggregate estimates of costs mask significant differences in impacts across sectors, regions and populations and very likely underestimate damage costs because they cannot include many non-quantifiable impacts."^ It is very likely that there will be slightly fewer hurricanes, but they may tend to be slightly stronger due to the higher absolute humidity possible with higher temperature.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All across Europe, the population went on an unparalleled building spree erecting at huge cost spectacular cathedrals and public edifices.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The economic cost of the damage will be moderated by changes in land use and by agricultural trade, with some regions more able to adapt than others.

[10]

Responses to global warming

.The broad agreement among climate scientists that global temperatures will continue to increase has led some nations, states, corporations and individuals to implement responses.^ Global temperature is increasing at an unprecedented rate.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While the temperature continues to increase.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Does increase in CO2 led to an increase “temperature”?
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These responses to global warming can be divided into mitigation of the causes and effects of global warming, adaptation to the changing global environment, and geoengineering to reverse global warming.^ Causes and consequences of global environmental change.-- v.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ I can beleive global warming, but not caused by us.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don’t want the hear what the general scientific community has to say about global warming, I want to hear what the leading scientists who understand climate changes have to say!
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

Mitigation

.
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is an approach to mitigation.
^ Advances in the geological storage of carbon dioxide: international approaches to reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ February 05, 2008 at 12:27 AM in Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) , Electric Power , Global Warming .

^ IPCC special report on carbon dioxide capture and storage .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Emissions may be sequestered from fossil fuel power plants, or removed during processing in hydrogen production.^ The burning of fossil fuel may generate an enhanced greenhouse effect or the release into the atmosphere of particulates may cause cooling.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Collecting and processing small seeds from such plants as wild wheat may produce only 700 to 1,300 kilocalories for each hour.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The world has to wean itself off fossil fuels and move over a to hydrogen and fusion economy, which involves mind-boggling investment in research and implementation.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When used on plants, it is known as bio-energy with carbon capture and storage.
.The IPCC's Working Group III is responsible for crafting reports on mitigation of global warming and the costs and benefits of different approaches.^ IPCC’s purportedly scientific working group).
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The petroleum industry is spending a lot of money trying to discredit global warming, because it doesn’t want to lose money and it doesn’t want to have to do business a different way.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ A large number of U.S. scientists are on the international Working Groups of the IPCC that prepare and review these reports.

.The 2007 IPCC Fourth Assessment Report concludes that no one technology or sector can be completely responsible for mitigating future warming.^ That did not change by 2007 with the Fourth Assessment Report.

^ "Do you think that global warming will be a major problem, a minor problem, or no problem at all for future generations?"

^ The IPCC acknowledge this and no temperature reconstruction in the IPCC report continue beyond 1980.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They find there are key practices and technologies in various sectors, such as energy supply, transportation, industry, and agriculture that should be implemented to reduced global emissions.^ They need cheaper materials like coals, oil, and burning many other carbon substances but they are saying there is global warming.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [There is strong agreement among the vast majority of climate scientists that Earth has been experiencing a warming trend in the last century and that this global climate change would not be expected from the natural variability such as that experienced in past millennia.

^ We all should conserve and be energy conscious, at all times.......but the global warming alarmists are just heating up themselves.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They estimate that stabilization of carbon dioxide equivalent between 445 and 710 ppm by 2030 will result in between a 0.6 percent increase and three percent decrease in global gross domestic product.^ Carbon dioxide is increasing at an unprecedented rate.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They concluded that increased carbon dioxide would boost productivity by 20 percent and that overall the harvest of timber in Canada would climb by about 7.5 percent.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They need cheaper materials like coals, oil, and burning many other carbon substances but they are saying there is global warming.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[83]
.Mitigation of global warming is accomplished through reductions in the rate of anthropogenic greenhouse gas release.^ What would change their mind and make them accept anthropogenic global warming and why they chose those criteria.

^ Before I really started checking out all the facts about global warming, I felt that anthropogenic global warming is very realy, needing quick action.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The increase in winds has led to a release of natural CO 2 stored in the deep ocean, which is preventing further absorption of the greenhouse gas.

.The world's primary international agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the Kyoto Protocol, now covers more than 160 countries and over 55 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.^ Governor Schwarzenegger's most notable accomplishments in his first five years in office include the nation-leading Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 - a bipartisan agreement to combat global warming by reducing California's greenhouse gas emissions - and overhauling the state's workers' compensation system - cutting costs by more than 35 percent.

^ Reply Desert Rat says: October 14, 2009 at 9:40 pm Water vapor is by far the most abundant greenhouse gas, much more so than CO2.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IEA GHG focuses its efforts on studying technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

[84] .As of February 2010, only the United States, historically the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases, has refused to ratify the treaty.^ Emissions of greenhouse gases in the United States .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ "Since emerging countries such as India and China will soon pass the United States as the largest contributor of greenhouse gases, what ever is done to control these gases should be undertaken by almost all industrial countries."

^ I have clearly stated on numerous occasions that the only facet of the AGW hypothesis that is correct, is the assertion that CO2 is a greenhouse gas.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The treaty expires in 2012. International talks began in May 2007 on a future treaty to succeed the current one.^ Clearly factors currently unknown to science can't be included, but we have no reason to suppose they exist.” Do you two also have no reason to suppose new science may emerge in the future.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may well be a minor cause of current warming, but is not scientifically proven to be the only cause or even the main one.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[85] .The 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference met in Copenhagen in December 2009 to agree on a framework for climate change mitigation.^ United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Haus Carstanjen Martin-Luther-King-Strasse 8 53175 Bonn, Germany http://unfccc.int/2860.php Since 1994, the Convention on Climate Change has set an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenge posed by climate change.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ "As you may know, representatives from around the world are gathering for a United Nations conference on global climate change in Copenhagen.

^ While climate scientists generally agree that the Earth’s temperature is always changing, not many of them would say that humans are responsible for those changes .” .

[86] No binding agreement was made.
.There has also been business action on climate change, including efforts to improve energy efficiency and limited moves towards use of alternative fuels.^ Being used by the climate change lobby.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a much broader consensus on the need for action than there was when President George H.W. Bush negotiated – and the Senate ratified – the Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1992 and much stronger support for action than when we completed the Kyoto Protocol in 1997.” .

^ Looking at over 75 individual studies, using in excess of 29,000 data sets, this unprecedented scientific effort has found that all continents are already experiencing the effects of climate change.

.In January 2005 the European Union introduced its European Union Emission Trading Scheme, through which companies in conjunction with government agree to cap their emissions or to purchase credits from those below their allowances.^ In setting a global goal for emissions reductions in the process we have agreed today involving all major emitters, we will consider seriously the decisions made by the European Union, Canada and Japan which include at least a halving of global emissions by 2050.

^ Cap-and-trade schemes, in which emission permits are bought and sold, have failed, he said, and must now be replaced by a carbon tax that will imposed on all producers of fossil fuels.

^ As CO2 emissions are capped, energy costs will rise, and along with those energy costs, every product and every service of man will become more expensive – except for nuclear energy.

.Australia announced its Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme in 2008. United States President Barack Obama has announced plans to introduce an economy-wide cap and trade scheme.^ Although, I wonder what kind of payday I'll hit investing in this carbon trading scheme.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My main point is that carbon caps and carbon trading schemes are absolutely not neccessary now since thay create severe costs and market distortions with no possible significant change in climate and may indeed be counterproductive.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The White House said on Wednesday the United States had done better at reducing carbon emissions than Europe, where US President George W. Bush's stance on global warming has been sharply criticized.

[87]

Adaptation

.A wide variety of measures have been suggested for adaptation to global warming, from the installation of air-conditioning equipment, to major infrastructure projects, such as abandoning settlements threatened by sea level rise.^ Rising sea levels?
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The increasingly warm climate was reflected in a rising sea level.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Think of hurricanes, rising sea level...
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Measures including water conservation,[88] water rationing, adaptive agricultural practices[89] including diversification, construction of flood defenses,[90] changes to medical care,[91] and interventions to protect threatened species[92] have all been suggested.^ What all the climate models suggest is that when you’ve got warming from additional carbon dioxide this will result in increased water vapour, so you’re going to get a positive feedback.

A wide-ranging study of the possible opportunities for adaptation of infrastructure has been published by the Institute of Mechanical Engineers.[93]

Geoengineering

Geoengineering is the concept of planetary engineering applied to Earth: i.e. the deliberate modification of Earth's natural environment on a large scale to suit human needs.[94] .An example is greenhouse gas remediation, which removes greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, usually through carbon sequestration techniques such as carbon dioxide air capture.^ The most important greenhouse gases are water vapour and carbon dioxide.

^ Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conventional gas-fired power stations burn methane, the primary component of natural gas, in a stream of air, producing a mixture of nitrogen and greenhouse gases including carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides, which are emitted into the atmosphere.

[95] .Solar radiation management reduces absorbed solar radiation, such as by the addition of stratospheric sulfur aerosols[96] or cool roof techniques.^ In addition, Solar radiance at the sun's surface, is dependent on fluid dynamics within the sun.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Solar radiant energy is primarily absorbed in the ocean because of its surface area, total mass, and color.

^ Stratospheric aerosols alter the global radiation budget mainly by absorbing and backscattering incoming solar radiation, and they also absorb some outgoing infrared radiation.” Aerosols have a double-warming effect on the upper atmosphere.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[97] .No geoengineering projects of significant scale have been implemented, and detailed study has largely been the work of small numbers of scientists; but various significant institutions such as the Royal Society and IMechE have recently suggested that further study is warranted.^ Such a conclusion is the indisputable consensus of the community of scientists actively involved in the research of climate variability and its causes.

^ A large number of U.S. scientists are on the international Working Groups of the IPCC that prepare and review these reports.

^ It took a prosperous society to launch such major architectural projects.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their various externalities and other costs are seen as major issues, and the idea or concern that one country could act unilaterally has also been raised.^ Leading one to the conclusion that the majority of our politicians and others are: intellectually lazy, corrupt, fellow travelers or just plain stupid.

^ A good idea for one of Europe’s legitimate core issues: renewable energy!
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Two separate issues arise in this common misperception, one held by RealClimate.org and others, and adopted by ScruffyDan.

[98][99][100]

Debate and skepticism

 
Per country greenhouse gas emissions in 2000, including land-use change.
.Increased publicity of the scientific findings surrounding global warming has resulted in political and economic debate.^ Unfortunately the global warming ideology as peddled by the propagandists has attracted political attention, and, as usual, money has followed, unfortunately in huge quantities.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All politics aside, and irrespective of how true specific claims about global warming are,it seems that the worst thing we can do is nothing.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don’t want the hear what the general scientific community has to say about global warming, I want to hear what the leading scientists who understand climate changes have to say!
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[101] .Poor regions, particularly Africa, appear at greatest risk from the projected effects of global warming, although their emissions have been small compared to those of the developed world.^ What would change their mind and make them accept anthropogenic global warming and why they chose those criteria.

^ Any honest analysis of the information available shows that it is the sun that has the greatest effect on the Earth's temperature, rather than some small fraction of a percetnage of CO2 that is in the atmosphere.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "One plan to reduce global warming would have the government set a limit on the amount of those emissions that companies could produce each year.

[102] .The exemption of developing countries from Kyoto Protocol restrictions has been used to justify non-ratification by the U.S. and a previous Australian Government.^ And yet the Kyoto protocol was justified largely by using this report.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Kyoto Protocol was not rejected by the Senate, because the Clinton-Gore administration never submitted it to the Senate for ratification.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yes, "developing" countries (like China and India) are not covered by the Kyoto Protocol.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[103] (Australia has since ratified the Kyoto protocol.)[104] .Another point of contention is the degree to which emerging economies such as India and China should be expected to constrain their emissions.^ "Since emerging countries such as India and China will soon pass the United States as the largest contributor of greenhouse gases, what ever is done to control these gases should be undertaken by almost all industrial countries."

^ The images suggest large CO2 emissions from the East and West coasts of the US. The emissions expected from Europe are strangely shifted south, and emissions from China and Japan are strangely not in evidence.

^ "Do you think the United States should take action on global warming only if other major industrial countries such as China and India agree to do equally effective things, that the United States should take action even if these other countries do less, or that the United States should not take action on this at all?"

[105] .The U.S. contends that if it must bear the cost of reducing emissions, then China should do the same[106][107] since China's gross national CO2 emissions now exceed those of the U.S.[108][109][110] China has contended that it is less obligated to reduce emissions since its per capita responsibility and per capita emissions are less that of the U.S.[111] India, also exempt, has made similar contentions.^ "Since emerging countries such as India and China will soon pass the United States as the largest contributor of greenhouse gases, what ever is done to control these gases should be undertaken by almost all industrial countries."

^ "One plan to reduce global warming would have the government set a limit on the amount of those emissions that companies could produce each year.

^ "Which do you think should be a higher priority for the Obama administration right now: taking major steps to improve the U.S. economy , or taking major steps to reduce global warming?"

[112]
In 2007–2008 Gallup Polls surveyed 127 countries. .Over a third of the world's population was unaware of global warming, with people in developing countries less aware than those in developed, and those in Africa the least aware.^ What would change their mind and make them accept anthropogenic global warming and why they chose those criteria.

^ I’m really sick and tired of people in the Clinton camp forcing global warming down my throat, and I’m sick and tired of the Bush camp saying it’s not true.
  • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ This is something that those who claim Global warming is something this planet has never experienced before, seem to ignore.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of those aware, Latin America leads in belief that temperature changes are a result of human activities while Africa, parts of Asia and the Middle East, and a few countries from the Former Soviet Union lead in the opposite belief.^ For the following, the assumption is made that the CO 2 increase is dominated by human activity and that this increase is assumed to be the cause of a significant part of the temperature rise.
  • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It should be noted that the largest part of the last 150 year increase in CO 2 , which is blamed on human activity, did not occur until after 1940, so the largest temperature rise effects should have occurred in that time.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While climate scientists generally agree that the Earth’s temperature is always changing, not many of them would say that humans are responsible for those changes .” .

[113] In the Western world, opinions over the concept and the appropriate responses are divided. .Nick Pidgeon of Cardiff University finds that "results show the different stages of engagement about global warming on each side of the Atlantic"; where Europe debates the appropriate responses while the United States debates whether climate change is happening.^ Myths and falsehoods about global warming .
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whether the climate will warm is far from certain; that it will change is unquestionable.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ G8 Declaration about Climate Change .

[114]
.Debates weigh the benefits of limiting industrial emissions of greenhouse gases against the costs that such changes would entail.^ "Since emerging countries such as India and China will soon pass the United States as the largest contributor of greenhouse gases, what ever is done to control these gases should be undertaken by almost all industrial countries."

^ "One plan to reduce global warming would have the government set a limit on the amount of those emissions that companies could produce each year.

^ A meteorologist who says that we should reduce our carbon emissions by 25% probably has no idea what sort of drop in GDP that would entail, and has difficulty imagining what such a drop would actually mean to everyday citizens.
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[83] .Using economic incentives, alternative and renewable energy have been promoted to reduce emissions while building infrastructure.^ New technologies will have reduced the amount of energy needed to power buildings and vehicles.

^ Under these circumstances ever greater penertration of renewable energy can lead to significant decarbonisation and lower greenhouse gas emissions.

^ Is it wrong to use low wattage light bulbs; to car share;to seek renewable energy sources;to recycle as much as possible?
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[115][116] .Organizations such as the libertarian Competitive Enterprise Institute, conservative commentators, and companies such as ExxonMobil have challenged IPCC climate change scenarios, funded scientists who disagree with the scientific consensus, and provided their own projections of the economic cost of stricter controls.^ Stern review of climate change economics .
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Media Matters for America has repeatedly documented , scientific organizations such as the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) share the consensus view that, as stated in a June 2006 NAS report , "human activities are responsible for much of the recent warming" of the planet.
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The IPCC was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) to fulfill the critical role of providing objective scientific, technical, and economic assessments of the current state of knowledge about various aspects of climate change.

[117][118][119][120] .Environmental organizations and public figures have emphasized changes in the current climate and the risks they entail, while promoting adaptation to changes in infrastructural needs and emissions reductions.^ No Need/ No Climate Change (vol.

^ Throughout history climatic changes probably forced technological innovations and adaptations.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The optimal way to deal with potential climate change is not to strive to prevent it, a useless activity in any case, but to promote growth and prosperity so that people will have the resources to deal with any shift.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[121] .Some fossil fuel companies have scaled back their efforts in recent years,[122] or called for policies to reduce global warming.^ We have NOT NEEDED fossil fuels for over 60 years.
  • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After El Nino years the global temperature typically falls back – that is what is seen in 1999 and 2000 – before slowly recovering.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Should warming become apparent at some time in the future and should it create more difficulties than benefits, policy makers would have to consider preventive measures.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[123] .Many studies link population growth with emissions and the effect of climate change.^ Looking at over 75 individual studies, using in excess of 29,000 data sets, this unprecedented scientific effort has found that all continents are already experiencing the effects of climate change.

^ While climate scientists generally agree that the Earth’s temperature is always changing, not many of them would say that humans are responsible for those changes .” .

^ However, I must to accept that I was deceived through many years by another catastrophist idea on a scorching climate change.
  • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[124][125][126]
.Some global warming skeptics in the science or political communities dispute all or some of the global warming scientific consensus, questioning whether global warming is actually occurring, whether human activity has contributed significantly to the warming, and the magnitude of the threat posed by global warming.^ After all, global warming is a religion.
  • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is the warming caused by human activity?
  • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sun, not human activity, causes global warming .
  • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Increase is for years 1905 to 2005. Global surface temperature is defined in the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report as the average of near-surface air temperature over land and sea surface temperature. These error bounds are constructed with a 90% confidence interval.
  2. ^ The 2001 joint statement was signed by the national academies of science of Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, the Caribbean, the People's Republic of China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Malaysia, New Zealand, Sweden, and the UK. The 2005 statement added Japan, Russia, and the U.S. The 2007 statement added Mexico and South Africa. The Network of African Science Academies, and the Polish Academy of Sciences have issued separate statements. Professional scientific societies include American Astronomical Society, American Chemical Society, American Geophysical Union, American Institute of Physics, American Meteorological Society, American Physical Society, American Quaternary Association, Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences, Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, European Academy of Sciences and Arts, European Geosciences Union, European Science Foundation, Geological Society of America, Geological Society of Australia, Geological Society of London-Stratigraphy Commission, InterAcademy Council, International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, International Union for Quaternary Research, National Association of Geoscience Teachers, National Research Council (US), Royal Meteorological Society, and World Meteorological Organization.
  3. ^ Note that the greenhouse effect produces an average worldwide temperature increase of about 33 °C (59 °F) compared to black body predictions without the greenhouse effect, not an average surface temperature of 33 °C (91 °F). The average worldwide surface temperature is about 14 °C (57 °F).
  4. ^ These confidence levels are Bayesian probabilities, and represent the degree of belief that Smith and his co-authors had in the validity of their conclusions. As a percentage chance of the conclusion being correct: high confidence ranges 67-95%, medium confidence ranges 33-67%.[127]

References

  1. ^ Hansen, J.; Sato, M.; Ruedy, R.; Lo, K.; Lea, D. W.; Medina-Elizade, M. (2006). "Global temperature change" (Full free text). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 (39): 14288-14293. doi:10.1073/pnas.0606291103. PMID 17001018. http://www.pnas.org/content/103/39/14288.full.pdf.  edit
  2. ^ 2009 Ends Warmest Decade on Record. NASA Earth Observatory Image of the Day, January 22, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g IPCC (2007-05-04). "Summary for Policymakers" (PDF). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. http://ipcc-wg1.ucar.edu/wg1/Report/AR4WG1_Print_SPM.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  4. ^ a b c d Hegerl, Gabriele C.; et al. (2007). "Understanding and Attributing Climate Change" (PDF). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC. http://ipcc-wg1.ucar.edu/wg1/Report/AR4WG1_Print_Ch09.pdf. "Recent estimates indicate a relatively small combined effect of natural forcings on the global mean temperature evolution of the second half of the 20th century, with a small net cooling from the combined effects of solar and volcanic forcings." 
  5. ^ Ammann, Caspar; et al. (2007). "Solar influence on climate during the past millennium: Results from transient simulations with the NCAR Climate Simulation Model" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104 (10): 3713–3718. doi:10.1073/pnas.0605064103. PMID 17360418. PMC 1810336. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/reprint/104/10/3713.pdf. "Simulations with only natural forcing components included yield an early 20th century peak warming of ≈0.2 °C (≈1950 AD), which is reduced to about half by the end of the century because of increased volcanism". 
  6. ^ Royal Society (2005). "Joint science academies' statement: Global response to climate change". http://royalsociety.org/Joint-science-academies-statement-Global-response-to-climate-change/. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  7. ^ Archer, David (2005). "Fate of fossil fuel CO2 in geologic time" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research 110 (C9): C09S05.1–C09S05.6. doi:10.1029/2004JC002625. http://geosci.uchicago.edu/~archer/reprints/archer.2005.fate_co2.pdf. 
  8. ^ a b Solomon, S; Plattner, GK; Knutti, R; Friedlingstein, P (2009). "Irreversible climate change due to carbon dioxide emissions". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (6): 1704–1709. doi:10.1073/pnas.0812721106. PMID 19179281. 
  9. ^ Lu, Jian; Vecchi, Gabriel A.; Reichler, Thomas (2007). "Expansion of the Hadley cell under global warming" (PDF). Geophysical Research Letters 34: L06805. doi:10.1029/2006GL028443. http://www.atmos.berkeley.edu/~jchiang/Class/Spr07/Geog257/Week10/Lu_Hadley06.pdf. 
  10. ^ a b IPCC (2007) (Full free text). Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. [Core Writing Team, Pachauri, R.K and Reisinger, A. (eds.)]. Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC. http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_ipcc_fourth_assessment_report_synthesis_report.htm. 
  11. ^ Trenberth, Kevin E.; et al. (2007). "Chapter 3: Observations: Surface and Atmospheric Climate Change" (PDF). IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. p. 244. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg1/ar4-wg1-chapter3.pdf. 
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ Hansen, James E.; et al. (2006-01-12). "Goddard Institute for Space Studies, GISS Surface Temperature Analysis". NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/2005/. Retrieved 2007-01-17. 
  14. ^ "NOAA/NCDC 2009 climate". http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/?report=global&year=2009&month=13. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  15. ^ "Global Temperature for 2005: second warmest year on record" (PDF). Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia. 2005-12-15. http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/press/2005-12-WMO.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  16. ^ "WMO statement on the status of the global climate in 2005" (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. 2005-12-15. http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/wcp/wcdmp/statement/documents/WMO998_E.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  17. ^ Changnon, Stanley A.; Bell, Gerald D. (2000). El Niño, 1997–1998: The Climate Event of the Century. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195135520. 
  18. ^ Knight, J.; Kenney, J.J.; Folland, C.; Harris, G.; Jones, G.S.; Palmer, M.; Parker, D.; Scaife, A. et al. (August 2009). "Do Global Temperature Trends Over the Last Decade Falsify Climate Predictions? [in "State of the Climate in 2008""] (PDF). Bull.Amer.Meteor.Soc. 90 (8): S75–S79. http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/corporate/pressoffice/2009/global_temperatures_09.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  19. ^ Global temperature slowdown — not an end to climate change. UK Met Office. http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climatechange/policymakers/policy/slowdown.html. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  20. ^ "IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Chapter 3" (PDF). 2007-02-05. pp. 237. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg1/ar4-wg1-chapter3.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-14. 
  21. ^ Rowan T. Sutton, Buwen Dong, Jonathan M. Gregory (2007). "Land/sea warming ratio in response to climate change: IPCC AR4 model results and comparison with observations". Geophysical Research Letters 34: L02701. doi:10.1029/2006GL028164. http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2007/2006GL028164.shtml. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 
  22. ^ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2001). "Atmospheric Chemistry and Greenhouse Gases". Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. http://www.grida.no/publications/other/ipcc_tar/?src=/CLIMATE/IPCC_TAR/WG1/127.htm. 
  23. ^ Meehl, Gerald A.; et al. (2005-03-18). "How Much More Global Warming and Sea Level Rise" (PDF). Science 307 (5716): 1769–1772. doi:10.1126/science.1106663. PMID 15774757. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/307/5716/1769.pdf. Retrieved 2007-02-11. 
  24. ^ Weart, Spencer (2008). "The Carbon Dioxide Greenhouse Effect". The Discovery of Global Warming. American Institute of Physics. http://www.aip.org/history/climate/co2.htm. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  25. ^ IPCC (2007). "Chapter 1: Historical Overview of Climate Change Science" (PDF). IPCC WG1 AR4 Report. IPCC. pp. p97 (PDF page 5 of 36). http://ipcc-wg1.ucar.edu/wg1/Report/AR4WG1_Print_Ch01.pdf. Retrieved 21 April 2009. "To emit 240 W m–2, a surface would have to have a temperature of around −19 °C. This is much colder than the conditions that actually exist at the Earth’s surface (the global mean surface temperature is about 14 °C). Instead, the necessary −19 °C is found at an altitude about 5 km above the surface." 
  26. ^ Kiehl, J.T.; Trenberth, K.E. (1997). "Earth's Annual Global Mean Energy Budget" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78 (2): 197–208. doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<0197:EAGMEB>2.0.CO;2. http://www.atmo.arizona.edu/students/courselinks/spring04/atmo451b/pdf/RadiationBudget.pdf. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  27. ^ Schmidt, Gavin (6 Apr 2005). "Water vapour: feedback or forcing?". RealClimate. http://www.realclimate.org/index.php?p=142. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  28. ^ Russell, Randy (May 16, 2007). "The Greenhouse Effect & Greenhouse Gases". University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Windows to the Universe. http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/climate/greenhouse_effect_gases.html&edu=high. Retrieved Dec 27, 2009. 
  29. ^ EPA (2008). "Recent Climate Change: Atmosphere Changes". Climate Change Science Program. United States Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/science/recentac.html. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  30. ^ Spahni, Renato; et al. (November 2005). "Atmospheric Methane and Nitrous Oxide of the Late Pleistocene from Antarctic Ice Cores". Science 310 (5752): 1317–1321. doi:10.1126/science.1120132. PMID 16311333. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/310/5752/1317. Retrieved 27 December 2009. 
  31. ^ Siegenthaler, Urs; et al. (November 2005). "Stable Carbon Cycle–Climate Relationship During the Late Pleistocene" (PDF). Science 310 (5752): 1313–1317. doi:10.1126/science.1120130. PMID 16311332. http://ic.ucsc.edu/~acr/ocea285/articles/Siegenthaler.etal.2005.pdf. Retrieved 27 December 2009. 
  32. ^ Petit, J. R.; et al. (3 June 1999). "Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica" (PDF). Nature 399 (6735): 429–436. doi:10.1038/20859. http://www.daycreek.com/dc/images/1999.pdf. Retrieved 27 December 2009. 
  33. ^ Pearson, PN; Palmer, MR (2000). "Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations over the past 60 million years". Nature 406 (6797): 695–699. doi:10.1038/35021000. PMID 10963587. 
  34. ^ a b IPCC (2001). "Summary for Policymakers" (PDF). Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/pdf/WG1_TAR-FRONT.pdf. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  35. ^ Prentice, I.C., et al. (2001). "The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: SRES scenarios and their implications for future CO2 concentration". Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/123.htm. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  36. ^ Nakicenovic., N., et al. (2001). "An Overview of Scenarios: Resource Availability". IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. IPCC. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc/emission/104.htm. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  37. ^ Sparling, Brien (May 30, 2001). "Ozone Depletion, History and politics". NASA. http://www.nas.nasa.gov/About/Education/Ozone/history.html. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  38. ^ Shindell, Drew; Faluvegi, Greg; Lacis, Andrew; Hansen, James; Ruedy, Reto; Aguilar, Elliot (2006). "Role of tropospheric ozone increases in 20th-century climate change". Journal of Geophysical Research 111: D08302. doi:10.1029/2005JD006348. 
  39. ^ Mitchell, J.F.B., et al. (2001). "Detection of Climate Change and Attribution of Causes: Space-time studies". Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/462.htm. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  40. ^ Hansen, J; Sato, M; Ruedy, R; Lacis, A; Oinas, V (2000). "Global warming in the twenty-first century: an alternative scenario". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (18): 9875–80. doi:10.1073/pnas.170278997. PMID 10944197. 
  41. ^ Lohmann, U. & J. Feichter (2005). "Global indirect aerosol effects: a review". Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5: 715–737. http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/5/715/2005/acp-5-715-2005.html. 
  42. ^ Twomey, S. (1977). "Influence of pollution on shortwave albedo of clouds". J. Atmos. Sci. 34: 1149–1152. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1977)034<1149:TIOPOT>2.0.CO;2. 
  43. ^ Albrecht, B. (1989). "Aerosols, cloud microphysics, and fractional cloudiness". Science 245 (4923): 1227–1239. doi:10.1126/science.245.4923.1227. PMID 17747885. 
  44. ^ Ramanathan, V; Chung, C; Kim, D; Bettge, T; Buja, L; Kiehl, JT; Washington, WM; Fu, Q et al. (2005). "Atmospheric brown clouds: Impacts on South Asian climate and hydrological cycle". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102 (15): 5326–5333. doi:10.1073/pnas.0500656102. PMID 15749818. PMC 552786. http://www.pnas.org/content/102/15/5326.abstract. 
  45. ^ Ramanathan, V., et al. (2008). "Report Summary" (PDF). Atmospheric Brown Clouds: Regional Assessment Report with Focus on Asia. United Nations Environment Programme. http://www.rrcap.unep.org/abc/impact/files/ABC_Report_Summary_Final.pdf. 
  46. ^ Ramanathan, V., et al. (2008). "Part III: Global and Future Implications" (PDF). Atmospheric Brown Clouds: Regional Assessment Report with Focus on Asia. United Nations Environment Programme. http://www.rrcap.unep.org/abc/publication/Part%20III.pdf. 
  47. ^ National Research Council (1994). Solar Influences On Global Change. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. p. 36. ISBN 0-309-05148-7. http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=4778&page=R1. 
  48. ^ Hansen, J. (2002). "Climate". Journal of Geophysical Research 107: 4347. doi:10.1029/2001JD001143. 
  49. ^ Hansen, J. (2005). "Efficacy of climate forcings". Journal of Geophysical Research 110: D18104. doi:10.1029/2005JD005776. 
  50. ^ Randel, William J.; Shine, Keith P.; Austin, John; Barnett, John; Claud, Chantal; Gillett, Nathan P.; Keckhut, Philippe; Langematz, Ulrike et al. (2009). "An update of observed stratospheric temperature trends". Journal of Geophysical Research 114: D02107. doi:10.1029/2008JD010421. 
  51. ^ Marsh, Nigel; Henrik, Svensmark (November 2000). "Cosmic Rays, Clouds, and Climate" (PDF). Space Science Reviews 94 (1–2): 215–230. doi:10.1023/A:1026723423896. http://www.dsri.dk/~hsv/SSR_Paper.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-17. 
  52. ^ Lockwood, Mike; Claus Fröhlich (2007). "Recent oppositely directed trends in solar climate forcings and the global mean surface air temperature" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society A 463: 2447. doi:10.1098/rspa.2007.1880. http://www.pubs.royalsoc.ac.uk/media/proceedings_a/rspa20071880.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-21. "Our results show that the observed rapid rise in global mean temperatures seen after 1985 cannot be ascribed to solar variability, whichever of the mechanisms is invoked and no matter how much the solar variation is amplified". 
  53. ^ T Sloan and A W Wolfendale (2008). "Testing the proposed causal link between cosmic rays and cloud cover". Environ. Res. Lett. 3: 024001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/2/024001. http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/1748-9326/3/2/024001/. 
  54. ^ Pierce, J.R. and P.J. Adams (2009). "Can cosmic rays affect cloud condensation nuclei by altering new particle formation rates?". Geophysical Research Letters 36: L09820. doi:10.1029/2009GL037946. 
  55. ^ Denman, K.L., et al. (2007). "Chapter 7, Couplings Between Changes in the Climate System and Biogeochemistry" (PDF). Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg1/ar4-wg1-chapter7.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  56. ^ Hansen, James (2000). Climatic Change: Understanding Global Warming. Health Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=sx6DFr8rbpIC&dq=robert+lanza&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=S7MXYzoDqR&sig=jfUo33FtVZ3PSUS2fcc_EtawEnQ. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  57. ^ Stocker, Thomas F.; et al. (2001). "7.2.2 Cloud Processes and Feedbacks". Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/271.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  58. ^ Torn, Margaret; Harte, John (2006). "Missing feedbacks, asymmetric uncertainties, and the underestimation of future warming". Geophysical Research Letters 33 (10): L10703. doi:10.1029/2005GL025540. L10703. http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2006/2005GL025540.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  59. ^ Harte, John; et al. (2006). "Shifts in plant dominance control carbon-cycle responses to experimental warming and widespread drought". Environmental Research Letters 1 (1): 014001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/1/1/014001. 014001. http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/1748-9326/1/1/014001/erl6_1_014001.html. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  60. ^ Scheffer, Marten; et al. (2006). "Positive feedback between global warming and atmospheric CO2 concentration inferred from past climate change." (PDF). Geophysical Research Letters 33: L10702. doi:10.1029/2005gl025044. http://www.pik-potsdam.de/~victor/recent/scheffer_etal_T_CO2_GRL_in_press.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-04. 
  61. ^ Randall, D.A., et al. (2007). "Chapter 8, Climate Models and Their Evaluation" (PDF). Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg1/ar4-wg1-chapter8.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  62. ^ Stroeve, J., et al. (2007). "Arctic sea ice decline: Faster than forecast". Geophysical Research Letters 34: L09501. doi:10.1029/2007GL029703. 
  63. ^ Ridley, J.; Gregory, J. M.; Huybrechts, P.; Lowe, J. (2009). "Thresholds for irreversible decline of the Greenland ice sheet". Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0646-0.  edit
  64. ^ a b "Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change". IPCC. 2001-02-16. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg2/index.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  65. ^ McMichael AJ, Woodruff RE, Hales S (2006). "Climate change and human health: present and future risks". Lancet 367 (9513): 859–69. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)68079-3. PMID 16530580. 
  66. ^ "Summary for Policymakers" (PDF). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Working Group II Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report. IPCC. 2007-04-13. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg2/ar4-wg2-spm.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  67. ^ Macey, Jennifer (September 19, 2007). "Global warming opens up Northwest Passage". ABC News. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/09/19/2037198.htm?section=business. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 
  68. ^ ftp://texmex.mit.edu/pub/emanuel/PAPERS/Emanuel_etal_2008.pdf
  69. ^ Knutson, Thomas R.; Sirutis, Joseph J.; Garner, Stephen T.; Vecchi, Gabriel A.; Held, Isaac M. (2008). "Simulated reduction in Atlantic hurricane frequency under twenty-first-century warming conditions". Nature Geoscience 1: 359. doi:10.1038/ngeo202. 
  70. ^ King, Gary M.; et al. (PDF). Global Environmental Change Microbial Contributions Microbial Solutions. American Society for Microbiology. pp. 7. http://www.asm.org/images/docfilename/0000006005/globalwarming%5B1%5D.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  71. ^ edited Martin Parry ... (2007). "Chapter 8: Human Health". in Parry, M.L.; Canziani, O.F.; Palutikof, J.P. et al. (PDF). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521-88010-7. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg2/ar4-wg2-chapter8.pdf. 
  72. ^ Shaffer, G., S.M. Olsen and G.O.P Pederson (2009). "Long-term ocean oxygen depletion in response to carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels". Nature Geoscience 2: 105–109. doi:10.1038/ngeo420. 
  73. ^ "Carbon Cycle". NASA. http://nasascience.nasa.gov/earth-science/oceanography/ocean-earth-system/ocean-carbon-cycle. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  74. ^ Jacobson, Mark Z. (2005-04-02). "Studying ocean acidification with conservative, stable numerical schemes for nonequilibrium air-ocean exchange and ocean equilibrium chemistry" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research 110 (D7): D07302. doi:10.1029/2004JD005220. D07302. http://www.stanford.edu/group/efmh/jacobson/2004JD005220.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  75. ^ Caldeira, Ken; Wickett, Michael E. (2005-09-21). "Ocean model predictions of chemistry changes from carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere and ocean". Journal of Geophysical Research 110 (C09S04): 1–12. doi:10.1029/2004JC002671. http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2005/2004JC002671.shtml. Retrieved 2006-02-14. 
  76. ^ Raven, John A.; et al. (2005-06-30) (ASP). Ocean acidification due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. Royal Society. http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/displaypagedoc.asp?id=13314. Retrieved 2007-05-04. 
  77. ^ Thomas, CD; Cameron, A; Green, RE; Bakkenes, M; Beaumont, LJ; Collingham, YC; Erasmus, BF; De Siqueira, MF et al. (2004-01-08). "Extinction risk from climate change" (PDF). Nature 427 (6970): 145–138. doi:10.1038/nature02121. PMID 14712274. http://www.geog.umd.edu/resac/outgoing/GEOG442%20Fall%202005/Lecture%20materials/extinctions%20and%20climate%20change.pdf. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  78. ^ McLaughlin, John F.; et al. (2002-04-30). "Climate change hastens population extinctions". PNAS 99 (9): 6070–6074. doi:10.1073/pnas.052131199. PMID 11972020. PMC 122903. http://www.pnas.org/content/99/9/6070. Retrieved 2007-03-29. 
  79. ^ Botkin, Daniel B.; et al. (March 2007). "Forecasting the Effects of Global Warming on Biodiversity" (PDF). BioScience 57 (3): 227–236. doi:10.1641/B570306. http://www.imv.dk/Admin/Public/DWSDownload.aspx?File=%2FFiles%2FFiler%2FIMV%2FPublikationer%2FFagartikler%2F2007%2F050307_Botkin_et_al.pdf. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  80. ^ a b Smith, J.B., Schellnhuber, H., Mirza, M.M.Q., Fankhauser, S., Leemans, R., Erda, L., Ogallo, L., Pittock, B., Richels, R., Rosenzweig, C., Safriel, U., Tol, R.S.J., Weyant, J., Yohe, G. (2001). "Chapter 19: Vulnerability to Climate Change and Reasons for Concern: A Synthesis". in Hope C. and Sinha S.K. (eds.) (Full free text). Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. pp. 957-958. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg2/pdf/wg2TARchap19.pdf. 
  81. ^ Schneider, S.H., S. Semenov, A. Patwardhan, I. Burton, C.H.D. Magadza, M. Oppenheimer, A.B. Pittock, A. Rahman, J.B. Smith, A. Suarez and F. Yamin (2007). "Chapter 19: Assessing key vulnerabilities and the risk from climate change". in M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson (eds.) (Full free text). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 790. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg2/ar4-wg2-chapter19.pdf. 
  82. ^ Yohe, G.W., R.D. Lasco, Q.K. Ahmad, N.W. Arnell, S.J. Cohen, C. Hope, A.C. Janetos and R.T. Perez (2007). "Chapter 20: Perspectives on climate change and sustainability". in M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson (eds.) (Full free text). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 821. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg2/ar4-wg2-chapter20.pdf. 
  83. ^ a b "Summary for Policymakers" (PDF). Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007-05-04. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg3/ar4-wg3-spm.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  84. ^ "Kyoto Protocol Status of Ratification" (PDF). United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 2006-07-10. http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-27. 
  85. ^ "Twenty-sixth session and Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG), Third session". United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. http://unfccc.int/meetings/sb26/items/3919.php. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  86. ^ Adam, David (14 April 2009). "World will not meet 2C warming target, climate change experts agree". Guardian News and Media Limited. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/apr/14/global-warming-target-2c. Retrieved 2009-04-14. "The poll comes as UN negotiations to agree a new global treaty to regulate carbon pollution gather pace in advance of a key meeting in Copenhagen in December. Officials will try to agree a successor to the Kyoto protocol, the first phase of which expires in 2012." 
  87. ^ "Barack Obama and Joe Biden: New Energy for America". http://my.barackobama.com/page/content/newenergy. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  88. ^ Boland, John J. (1997). "Assessing Urban Water Use and the Role of Water Conservation Measures under Climate Uncertainty". Climatic Change 37 (1): 157–176. doi:10.1023/A:1005324621274. 
  89. ^ Adams, R.M., et al. (1990). "Global climate change and US agriculture". Nature 345: 219. doi:10.1038/345219a0. 
  90. ^ Nicholls, R (2004). "Coastal flooding and wetland loss in the 21st century: changes under the SRES climate and socio-economic scenarios". Global Environmental Change 14: 69. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2003.10.007. 
  91. ^ Vanlieshout, M, R.S. Kovats, M.T.J. Livermore and P. Martens (2004). "Climate change and malaria: analysis of the SRES climate and socio-economic scenarios". Global Environmental Change 14: 87. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2003.10.009. 
  92. ^ Hulme, P.E. (2005). "Adapting to climate change: is there scope for ecological management in the face of a global threat?". Journal of Applied Ecology 42 (5): 784. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2005.01082.x. 
  93. ^ "Climate Change: Adapting to the inevitable" (PDF). IMechE. http://www.imeche.org/NR/rdonlyres/FA401F02-3193-4A19-826A-3FEEFB89DEDE/0/ClimateChangeAdaptationReportIMechE.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  94. ^ Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming: Mitigation, Adaptation, and the Science Base(1992), Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy(COSEPUP)
  95. ^ Keith, D.W., M. Ha-Duong and J.K. Stolaroff (2006). "Climate Strategy with CO2 Capture from the Air". Climatic Change 74: 17. doi:10.1007/s10584-005-9026-x. 
  96. ^ Crutzen, Paul J. (2006). "Albedo Enhancement by Stratospheric Sulfur Injections: A Contribution to Resolve a Policy Dilemma?". Climatic Change 77: 211. doi:10.1007/s10584-006-9101-y. 
  97. ^ The Independent, May 27, 2009, Obama's climate guru: Paint your roof white!
  98. ^ Royal Society, September 1, 2009, Geoengineering the climate: science, governance and uncertainty
  99. ^ M. Granger Morgan, Technology Review, January/February 2010, Why Geoengineering? We should study the costs and consequences of solar radiation management
  100. ^ Kevin Bullis, Technology Review, January/February 2010, The Geoengineering Gambit
  101. ^ Weart, Spencer (2006). "The Public and Climate Change". in Weart, Spencer. The Discovery of Global Warming. American Institute of Physics. http://www.aip.org/history/climate/Public.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-14. 
  102. ^ Revkin, Andrew (2007-04-01). "Poor Nations to Bear Brunt as World Warms". .The New York Times.^ It is taking out full-page adverts in papers such as the New York Times and the Swedish Falukuriren calling for the target level of CO2 to be lowered to 350ppm.

    ^ In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Nicholas D. Kristof of The New York Times wrote a column that lamented the lack of federal spending on global warming.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The nation entered the “longest warm spell since 1776,” according to a March 27, 1933, New York Times headline.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/01/science/earth/01climate.html?ex=1333080000&en=6c687d64add0b7ba&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss
    . Retrieved 2007-05-02.
     
  103. ^ Brahic, Catherine (2006-04-25). "China's emissions may surpass the US in 2007". New Scientist. http://environment.newscientist.com/article/dn11707-chinas-emissions-to-surpass-the-us-within-months.html. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  104. ^ "Australia ratifies Kyoto Protocol". Sydney Morning Herald. December 3, 2007. http://www.smh.com.au/news/environment/rudd-signs-kyoto-deal/2007/12/03/1196530553203.html. Retrieved Jan 21, 2010. 
  105. ^ Max, Arthur. "US envoy says China wants top line US technology in exchange for reining in CO2 emissions". Star Tribune. Associated Press. http://www.startribune.com/world/47783247.html?elr=KArks7PYDiaK7DUjyDD:_HP5P:QUiD3aPc:_Yyc:aUU. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  106. ^ "Chinese object to climate draft". BBC. 2008-05-01. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6610653.stm. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  107. ^ Mufson, Steven (2007-06-06). "In Battle for U.S. Carbon Caps, Eyes and Efforts Focus on China". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/06/05/AR2007060502546.html. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  108. ^ "China now top carbon polluter". BBC News. 2008-04-14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7347638.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  109. ^ "Group: China tops world in CO2 emissions". USA Today. Associated Press. 2007-06-20. http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/2007-06-20-124188869_x.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-16. 
  110. ^ "Group: China surpassed US in carbon emissions in 2006: Dutch report". livemint.com. Reuters. 2007-06-20. http://www.livemint.com/2007/06/20235536/China-surpassed-US-in-carbon-e.html. Retrieved 2007-10-16. 
  111. ^ Casey, Michael (2007-12-07). "China Says West Should Deal With Warming". Newsvine. http://www.newsvine.com/_news/2007/12/07/1147788-china-says-west-should-deal-with-warming. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  112. ^ IANS (2009-02-05). "India can’t be exempt from mandatory greenhouse gas emission cap: John Kerry". Thaindian.com. http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/uncategorized/india-cant-be-exempt-from-mandatory-greenhouse-gas-emission-cap-john-kerry_100151668.html. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  113. ^ Pelham, Brett (2009-04-22). "Awareness, Opinions About Global Warming Vary Worldwide". Gallup. http://www.gallup.com/poll/117772/Awareness-Opinions-Global-Warming-Vary-Worldwide.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  114. ^ "Summary of Findings". Little Consensus on Global Warming. Partisanship Drives Opinion. Pew Research Center. 2006-07-12. http://people-press.org/reports/display.php3?ReportID=280. Retrieved 2007-04-14. 
  115. ^ Blair, Tony (2009-07-03). "Breaking the Climate Deadlock". Kosovo Times. http://www.kosovotimes.net/project-syndicate/708-breaking-the-climate-deadlock.html. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  116. ^ Richards, Holly (2009-07-02). "Energy bill causing some tension among U.S. officials". Coshocton Tribune. http://www.coshoctontribune.com/article/20090702/NEWS01/907020302. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  117. ^ Begley, Sharon (2007-08-13). "The Truth About Denial". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/id/32482. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 
  118. ^ Adams, David (2006-09-20). "Royal Society tells Exxon: stop funding climate change denial". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2006/sep/20/oilandpetrol.business. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  119. ^ "Exxon cuts ties to global warming skeptics". MSNBC. 2007-01-12. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16593606. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  120. ^ Sandell, Clayton (2007-01-03). "Report: Big Money Confusing Public on Global Warming". ABC. http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/Business/story?id=2767979&page=1. Retrieved 2007-04-27. 
  121. ^ U.S. Global Change Research Program (June 6, 2009). "New Report Provides Authoritative Assessment of National, Regional Impacts of Global Climate Change" (PDF). Press release. http://www.globalchange.gov/images/cir/pdf/Climate-Impacts-PR_june-6-2009.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 
  122. ^ Reuters (May 18, 2007). "Greenpeace: Exxon still funding climate skeptics". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/weather/climate/globalwarming/2007-05-18-greenpeace-exxon_N.htm. Retrieved Jan 21, 2010. 
  123. ^ Ceres (May 13, 2004). "Global Warming Resolutions at U.S. Oil Companies Bring Policy Commitments from Leaders, and Record High Votes at Laggards". Press release. http://www.csrwire.com/press/press_release/23395-Global-Warming-Resolutions-at-U-S-Oil-Companies-Bring-Policy-Commitments-from-Leaders-and-Record-High-Votes-at-Laggards. Retrieved 2010-03-04. 
  124. ^ "Does Population Growth Impact Climate Change?". Scientific American. July 29, 2009. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=population-growth-climate-change. Retrieved Jan 21, 2010. 
  125. ^ Gray, Louise (December 8, 2009). "Copenhagen climate summit issues: population growth". Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/copenhagen-climate-change-confe/6716294/Copenhagen-climate-summit-issues-population-growth.html. Retrieved Jan 21, 2010. 
  126. ^ "Once taboo, population enters climate debate". The Independent. December 5, 2009. http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/once-taboo-population-enters-climate-debate-1834789.html. Retrieved Jan 21, 2010. 
  127. ^ Schneider, S., J. Sarukhan, J. Adejuwon, C. Azar, W. Baethgen, C. Hope, R. Moss, N. Leary, R. Richels, J.-P. van Ypersele, K. Kuntz-Duriseti and R.N. Jones (2001). "Chapter 1: Overview of Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability to Climate Change". in J. Bruce and B. Walker (eds.) (Full free text). Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 79. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg2/pdf/wg2TARchap1.pdf. 

Further reading

  • Association of British Insurers (2005–06) (PDF). Financial Risks of Climate Change. .http://www.climatewise.org.uk/storage/610/financial_risks_of_climate_change.pdf. 
  • Barnett, TP; Adam, JC; Lettenmaier, DP (2005-11-17).^ That's Odd says: July 11, 2009 at 9:03 pm http://www.friendsofscience.org/assets/documents/GlobalWarmingScam_Gray.pdf .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mars – I know this is a blog and not primary, but I need to get some work done http://gristmill.grist.org/story/2006/12/17/222712/69 .
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ For his view on anthropogenic global warming I suggest you read the article on his website at: http://www.amacad.org/publications/bulletin/spring2006/12globalwarming.pdf .

    ."Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions" (abstract).^ Weather Radar Katie also talks about the major impact of global warming on the Kootenay region of British Columbia.

    ^ In the first, Dr. Easterling discusses the potential impact of global warming on the world's food supply, and in the second, he gives his personal experience with working with the U.N. .

    ^ Most of the greenhouse effect comes from water vapor…A little bit of CO2 is enough to yield a disproportionately large percentage of CO2’s entire greenhouse warming potential.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Nature 438 (7066): 303–309. doi:10.1038/nature04141. PMID 16292301. .http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v438/n7066/abs/nature04141.html. 
  • Behrenfeld, MJ; O'malley, RT; Siegel, DA; Mcclain, CR; Sarmiento, JL; Feldman, GC; Milligan, AJ; Falkowski, PG et al.^ New Scientist http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn11642-climate-myths-mars-and-pluto-are-warming-too.html .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Obama Poised to Cede US Sovereignty, Claims British Lord http://www.campaignforliberty.com/blog.php?view=26474 .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ron de Haan (05:39:08) : “Without any comment: http://www.iceagenow.com/Record_Lows_2009.htm ” .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (2006-12-07). "Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity" (PDF). Nature 444 (7120): 752–755. doi:10.1038/nature05317. PMID 17151666. .http://www.icess.ucsb.edu/~davey/MyPapers/Behrenfeld_etal_2006_Nature.pdf. 
  • Choi, Onelack; Fisher, Ann (May 2005).^ JAXA http://www.ijis.iarc.uaf.edu/en/home/seaice_extent.htm .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Then I was directed to http://www-ramanathan.ucsd.edu/publications/Ram-&-Feng-ae43-37_2009.pdf (Note 3) in which Professor Ramanathan's abstract ends "the surface cooling effect of ABCs may have masked as much 47% of the global warming by greenhouse gases, with an uncertainty range of 20–80%.

    ^ That's Odd says: July 11, 2009 at 9:03 pm http://www.friendsofscience.org/assets/documents/GlobalWarmingScam_Gray.pdf .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."The Impacts of Socioeconomic Development and Climate Change on Severe Weather Catastrophe Losses: Mid-Atlantic Region (MAR) and the U.S.".^ The real fact to face is that there always is change in climate and weather over periods of several decades to centuries.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In the case of climate change, the probability that the proposed regulatory actions would for the most part have little impact on climate, regardless of the scenario chosen, appears to be of no consequence.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The report highlights current knowledge about responding to climate change, emphasising the point that future vulnerability not only depends on climate change, but also on development in key areas.

    .Climate Change 58 (1–2): 149–170. doi:10.1023/A:1023459216609.^ Bob Casey on November 06, 2007 at 10:53 PM Report this comment The only certain about Climate is change.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ To link his model and data with climate change, I started with his estimate of the world's people in 10,000 B.C. and calculated the rate of growth of the population over the next 5,000 years.
    • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But the climate system, and the model, is so complicated that it is impossible to "fix" the results by artificially changing such parameters.” BTW where did you get that <10% "hard fact"?
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .http://www.springerlink.com/content/m6308777613702q0/.
     
  • Dyurgerov, Mark B.; Meier, Mark F. (2005) (PDF).^ New Scientist http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn11642-climate-myths-mars-and-pluto-are-warming-too.html .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For his view on anthropogenic global warming I suggest you read the article on his website at: http://www.amacad.org/publications/bulletin/spring2006/12globalwarming.pdf .

    ^ Ron de Haan (05:39:08) : “Without any comment: http://www.iceagenow.com/Record_Lows_2009.htm ” .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Glaciers and the Changing Earth System: a 2004 Snapshot.^ The earth is a dynamic system and it changes constantly.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research Occasional Paper #58. ISSN 0069-6145. http://instaar.colorado.edu/other/download/OP58_dyurgerov_meier.pdf. 
  • Emanuel, K (2005-08-04). ."Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years." (PDF).^ About 50% of a CO2 increase will be removed from the atmosphere within 30 years, and a further 30% will be removed within a few centuries.

    ^ If you can find a better correlation for the sun rather than CO2 in the past 30 years I’m a Dutchman.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The models also predict that sea-surface temperatures in the tropics would be higher with increased CO2 but evidence from the past evinces no such relationship.
    • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Nature 436 (7051): 686–688. doi:10.1038/nature03906. PMID 16056221. .ftp://texmex.mit.edu/pub/emanuel/PAPERS/NATURE03906.pdf. 
  • Hansen, James; et al. (2005-06-03).^ Relying on Hansen et al., 1984, IPCC admits that doubling CO2 without feedbacks only causes a 1.2º C rise in temperature.

    ^ The data from Hansen et al., 1985, "was not established in the original paper and thus is included for guidance only".

    ^ A 2004 paper by Scafetta et al from Duke University shows conclusively the correlation between solar activity and global temperature.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    "Earth's Energy Imbalance: Confirmation and Implications" (PDF). .Science 308 (5727): 1431–1435. doi:10.1126/science.1110252.^ DOI: 10.1126/science.284.5422.1971 .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    PMID 15860591. http://pangea.stanford.edu/research/Oceans/GES205/Hansen_Science_Earth's%20Energy%20Balance.pdf. 
  • Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe; Hmelo, Laura R.; Sylva, Sean P. (2003-02-21). ."Molecular Fossil Record of Elevated Methane Levels in Late Pleistocene Coastal Waters". Science 299 (5610): 1214–1217. doi:10.1126/science.1079601.^ By 400 A.D., however, temperatures had warmed enough to raise water levels to about three feet above current elevations.
    • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The ocean, which had reached relatively high levels both in the late Roman period and again during the High Middle Ages, fell to lower elevations in the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries.
    • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But, so as not to be hypocritical, i checked the "science" The truth is the globe hasnt warmed in 10 yrs, its getting colder, and the icecap has grown to the highest levels in 30 yrs.
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    PMID 12595688.
     
  • Hirsch, Tim (2006-01-11). "Plants revealed as methane source". BBC. .http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4604332.stm. 
  • Hoyt, Douglas V.; Schatten, Kenneth H. (1993–11).^ Sean says: July 11, 2009 at 7:45 pm http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1206_041206_global_warming_2.html .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Print http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthnews/3312921/The-deceit-behind-global-warming.html TelegraphNews Earth News .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But it is the awareness itself that will drive the change and one of the ways it will drive the change is through global governance and global agreements.” http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article6658672.ece .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    "A discussion of plausible solar irradiance variations, 1700–1992". .Journal of Geophysical Research 98 (A11): 18,895–18,906. doi:10.1029/93JA01944.^ S.M. Freidenreich and V. Ramaswamy, "Solar Radiation Absorption by Carbon Dioxide, Overlap with Water, and a Parameterization for General Circulation Models," Journal of Geophysical Research 98 (1993):7255-7264 .
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=1993JGR....9818895H&db_key=AST&data_type=HTML&format=&high=448f267ff303582.
     
  • Karnaukhov, A. V. (2001).^ TrackBack URL for this entry:http://www.rocketscientistsjournal.com/cgi-bin/mt/mt-tb.cgi/50 .

    ."Role of the Biosphere in the Formation of the Earth’s Climate: The Greenhouse Catastrophe" (PDF).^ [There is no convincing scientific evidence that human release of carbon dioxide, methane, or other greenhouse gases is causing or will, in the foreseeable future, cause catastrophic heating of the Earth's atmosphere and disruption of the Earth's climate.

    Biophysics 46 (6). http://avturchin.narod.ru/Green.pdf. 
  • Kenneth, James P.; et al. (2003-02-14). Methane Hydrates in Quaternary Climate Change: The Clathrate Gun Hypothesis. .American Geophysical Union.^ But when I comes to global warming, I have to rely on the opinion of, say, the folks working at the Pew Center of Climate change, the American Geophysical Union, the IPCC, and the NAS. Why?
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Chandler, M. A.; Dowsett, H.; Dwyer, G.; Jonas, J.; Shukla, S. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2007, abstract #PP51E-06 .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ American Geophysical Union, pp.

    .https://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/agubooks?book=ASSP0542960.
     
  • Keppler, Frank; et al. (2006-01-18).^ Mars – I know this is a blog and not primary, but I need to get some work done http://gristmill.grist.org/story/2006/12/17/222712/69 .
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ For his view on anthropogenic global warming I suggest you read the article on his website at: http://www.amacad.org/publications/bulletin/spring2006/12globalwarming.pdf .

    ^ The case is probably best described for the non-scientist at http://www.middlebury.net/op-ed/global-warming-01.html .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Global Warming – The Blame Is not with the Plants".^ Dana Rohrabacher (CA-46) Blames Dinosaurs For Global Warming says: .
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ It's simply astounding how when anything out of the ordinary happens, global warming is blamed.

    ^ After all, if global warming were to be solved tomorrow, what would they blame the United States for?
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Max Planck Society. .http://www.mpg.de/english/illustrationsDocumentation/documentation/pressReleases/2006/pressRelease200601131/index.html. 
  • Lean, Judith L.; Wang, Y.M.; Sheeley, N.R. (2002–12).^ On Russian, GDP, basing off of: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/rs.html, they give a 42% shrinkage.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ron de Haan (05:39:08) : “Without any comment: http://www.iceagenow.com/Record_Lows_2009.htm ” .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ About Beck’s paper: see my comments here: http://www.ferdinand-engelbeen.be/klimaat/beck_data.html .
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."The effect of increasing solar activity on the Sun's total and open magnetic flux during multiple cycles: Implications for solar forcing of climate" (abstract).^ Wigley's carbon cycle work deals with the issue of stabilization of CO2 concentrations, and he has documented the implications of alternative concentration pathways for emissions, climate, and sea level."
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But another way of interpreting that, is that it would show that the climate is more unstable than otherwise believed, since one would have to conclude that a minor, probably solar, forcing caused a relatively large effect.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Right or wrong, Mr. Niroma makes (for me) a compelling case for the astrophysical aspects of the larger solar system that we call Home, and the cumulative effects on our sun.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Geophysical Research Letters 29 (24): 2224. doi:10.1029/2002GL015880. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002GeoRL..29x..77L. 
  • Lerner, K. Lee; Lerner, K. Lee; Wilmoth, Brenda (2006-07-26). Environmental issues: essential primary sources. Thomson Gale. ISBN 1414406258. 
  • Muscheler, Raimund, R; Joos, F; Müller, SA; Snowball, I (2005-07-28). ."Climate: How unusual is today's solar activity?" (PDF).^ It is vital that research into solar physics and solar activity and earths climate be accelerated so that we may better understand what the future may bring.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And seeing as how current solar activity is in opposition to the theories presented, then they might need to check their figures again.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Nature 436 (7012): 1084–1087. doi:10.1038/nature04045. PMID 16049429. .http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/ccr/raimund/publications/Muscheler_et_al_Nature2005.pdf. 
  • Oerlemans, J. (2005-04-29).^ Then I was directed to http://www-ramanathan.ucsd.edu/publications/Ram-&-Feng-ae43-37_2009.pdf (Note 3) in which Professor Ramanathan's abstract ends "the surface cooling effect of ABCs may have masked as much 47% of the global warming by greenhouse gases, with an uncertainty range of 20–80%.

    ^ On Russian, GDP, basing off of: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/rs.html, they give a 42% shrinkage.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Peer_review, citing from http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/172_04_210200/horton/horton.html .

    "Extracting a Climate Signal from 169 Glacier Records" (PDF). Science 308 (5722): 675–677. doi:10.1126/science.1107046. PMID 15746388. .http://www.cosis.net/abstracts/EGU05/04572/EGU05-J-04572.pdf. 
  • Oreskes, N (2004-12-03).^ That's Odd says: July 11, 2009 at 9:03 pm http://www.friendsofscience.org/assets/documents/GlobalWarmingScam_Gray.pdf .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For his view on anthropogenic global warming I suggest you read the article on his website at: http://www.amacad.org/publications/bulletin/spring2006/12globalwarming.pdf .

    ^ The case is probably best described for the non-scientist at http://www.middlebury.net/op-ed/global-warming-01.html .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Beyond the Ivory Tower: The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change" (PDF).^ I don’t want the hear what the general scientific community has to say about global warming, I want to hear what the leading scientists who understand climate changes have to say!
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ I don’t want the hear what the general scientific community has to say about global warming, I want to hear what the leading scientists who understand climate changes have to say!
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ [Anthes: Question 1 -- First, is there a scientific consensus in your atmospheric research community that the earth has been experiencing a warming trend in the last century and that this global climate change would not be expected from the study of climate changes that have occurred in past millennia?

    Science 306 (5702): 1686. doi:10.1126/science.1103618. PMID 15576594. .http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/306/5702/1686.pdf. 
  • Purse, BV; Mellor, PS; Rogers, DJ; Samuel, AR; Mertens, PP; Baylis, M (February 2005).^ The 0.038 percent concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is a drop in the bucket and totally irrelevant and insignificant http://www.giurfa.com/gh_experiments.pdf .
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Here are a few sites for you to peruse: http://www.livescience.com/environment/041109_wind_mills.html http://www.windaction.org/news/5888 http://www.atmos.uiuc.edu/~sbroy/publ/jgr2004.pdf .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The global cooling myth at http://www.realclimate.org/index.php?p=94 .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Climate change and the recent emergence of bluetongue in Europe" (abstract).^ CNN has been running a recent series on climate change in relation to Copenhagen and trying to find out whether it is fact or fiction.

    ^ But, Climate had changed, the temperatures rose and their time in Europe started.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Oreskes ( Science , 2004) analyzed all abstracts in refereed scientific publications from 1993-2003 with the keywords "global climate change" (928 papers).

    Nature Reviews Microbiology 3 (2): 171–181. doi:10.1038/nrmicro1090. PMID 15685226. .http://www.nature.com/nrmicro/journal/v3/n2/abs/nrmicro1090_fs.html. 
  • Revkin, Andrew C (2005-11-05).^ That's Odd says: July 11, 2009 at 9:05 pm http://neighbors.denverpost.com/blog.php/2009/06/01/enrons-global-warming-scam/ .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On Russian, GDP, basing off of: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/rs.html, they give a 42% shrinkage.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So, I went to http://www.wunderground.com and pulled up the weather history for eastern North Carolina where I live.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    "Rise in Gases Unmatched by a History in Ancient Ice". .The New York Times.^ It is taking out full-page adverts in papers such as the New York Times and the Swedish Falukuriren calling for the target level of CO2 to be lowered to 350ppm.

    ^ In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Nicholas D. Kristof of The New York Times wrote a column that lamented the lack of federal spending on global warming.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The nation entered the “longest warm spell since 1776,” according to a March 27, 1933, New York Times headline.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/25/science/earth/25core.html?ei=5090&en=d5078e33050b2b0c&ex=1290574800&adxnnl=1&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss.
     
  • Ruddiman, William F. (2005-12-15).^ That's Odd says: July 11, 2009 at 9:03 pm http://www.friendsofscience.org/assets/documents/GlobalWarmingScam_Gray.pdf .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ New Scientist http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn11642-climate-myths-mars-and-pluto-are-warming-too.html .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A NYTimes article about the controversy: http://preview.tinyurl.com/d3e8n5 .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Earth's Climate Past and Future.^ A recent paper in Nature shows that a climate sensitivity greater than 1.5 °C has probably been a robust feature of the Earth's climate system over the past 420 million years.

    ^ This respected paper stated, “Having presented evidence that major changes in past climate were associated with variations in the geometry of the earth's orbit, we should be able to predict the trend of future climate.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Accuweather.com's Headline Earth has had some interesting one-on-one interviews over the past couple of years in regards to climate change.

    New York: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-7167-3741-8. .http://www.whfreeman.com/ruddiman/. 
  • Ruddiman, William F. (2005-08-01).^ New Scientist http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn11642-climate-myths-mars-and-pluto-are-warming-too.html .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ron de Haan (05:39:08) : “Without any comment: http://www.iceagenow.com/Record_Lows_2009.htm ” .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The case is probably best described for the non-scientist at http://www.middlebury.net/op-ed/global-warming-01.html .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Plows, Plagues, and Petroleum: How Humans Took Control of Climate. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-12164-8. 
  • Solanki, SK; Usoskin, IG; Kromer, B; Schüssler, M; Beer, J (2004-10-23). ."Unusual activity of the Sun during recent decades compared to the previous 11,000 years." (PDF).^ During the last 18,000 years, the warming was particularly appreciable during the Middle Holocene.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Previous interglacial periods tended to last 10,000 to 20,000 years, and in fact most did not have temperatures as slow changing as the present one.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Our Warm Chicken Little, which happened during the 90s decade into our Icehouse period, was weak compared with those ancient big Chicken Little: .
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Nature 431 (7012): 1084–1087. doi:10.1038/nature02995. PMID 15510145. http://cc.oulu.fi/%7Eusoskin/personal/nature02995.pdf.
     
  • Solanki, Sami K.; et al. (2005-07-28). ."Climate: How unusual is today's solar activity?^ And seeing as how current solar activity is in opposition to the theories presented, then they might need to check their figures again.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is vital that research into solar physics and solar activity and earths climate be accelerated so that we may better understand what the future may bring.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (Reply)" (PDF). Nature 436: E4–E5. doi:10.1038/nature04046. http://cc.oulu.fi/%7Eusoskin/personal/sola_nature05.pdf. 
  • Sowers, Todd (2006-02-10). ."Late Quaternary Atmospheric CH4 Isotope Record Suggests Marine Clathrates Are Stable". Science 311 (5762): 838–840. doi:10.1126/science.1121235.^ DOI: 10.1126/science.284.5422.1971 .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .PMID 16469923. 
  • Svensmark, Henrik; et al. (2007-02-08).^ Mike Donald on November 08, 2007 at 01:02 PM Report this comment David, Nov 7, 6.34.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Steve on November 08, 2007 at 04:14 AM Report this comment Al Gore is the biggest fraud on the world stage today.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See Lee et al., 2007.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Experimental evidence for the role of ions in particle nucleation under atmospheric conditions". Proceedings of the Royal Society A (FirstCite Early Online Publishing) 463 (2078): 385–396. doi:10.1098/rspa.2006.1773. (online version requires registration)
  • Walter, KM; Zimov, SA; Chanton, JP; Verbyla, D; Chapin Fs, 3rd (2006-09-07).^ NRC 2006 and Wegman, who is a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, say very clearly Mann’s method is wrong.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Methane bubbling from Siberian thaw lakes as a positive feedback to climate warming". Nature 443 (7107): 71–75. doi:10.1038/nature05040.^ By its dismissal, IPCC ignores not only a major climate feedback, but one with the power to regulate Earth's climate in its warm state.

    ^ GCMs do not account for the natural, positive CO2 feedback caused by warming during the paleo record, and they can reproduce neither realistic cloud cover nor its dependence upon temperature and solar activity.

    ^ And with the recent paper published in Nature stating that there will be no warming for the next 10 years we'll have 20 years of no warming.
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    PMID 16957728. 
  • Wang, Y.-M.; Lean, J.L.; Sheeley, N.R. (2005-05-20). ."Modeling the sun's magnetic field and irradiance since 1713" (PDF).^ Clouds are determined by cosmic rays, determined by the earth's magnetic field, determined by the sun's magnetic field, determined by the wobble of the sun around the center of gravity of the solar system.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ One problem seems to be that some people cannot come to terms with the idea that we have no control over the sun's magnetic field, for example.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Astrophysical Journal 625: 522–538. doi:10.1086/429689. http://climatesci.colorado.edu/publications/pdf/Wang_2005.pdf.
     

External links

Research
Educational

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Contents

For

.
  • Global warming causing climate change may be the ultimate issue that unites us all.^ Aliens are causing global warming.

    ^ He is causing global warming, I mean cooling, I mean climate change!
    • Global Warming Ate My Homework: 100 Things Blamed on Global Warming | The Foundry: Conservative Policy News. 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC blog.heritage.org [Source type: General]

    ^ CO2 levels may or may not be causing global warming, and global warming may have stopped in 1998.
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .
  • "Why try to change the future when the present is so bleak"
    • Santa Bush 11/09/2007
  • "We simply must do everything we can in our power to slow down global warming before it is too late...^ June 19, 2007 at 11:58 AM in Global Warming .

    ^ September 05, 2007 at 11:48 AM in Global Warming .

    ^ April 04, 2008 at 11:58 PM in Global Warming .

    The science is clear. .The global warming debate is over."^ Global warming debated .

    ^ There is considerable ongoing debate about the science of global warming and its impacts and; 4.
    • EclectEcon: Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.eclectecon.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Carbon Dioxide irrelevant in global warming debate, Richard Linzen .

    .
  • "There's a better scientific consensus on this than on any issue I know -- except maybe Newton's second law of dynamics," said D. James Baker, administrator of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.^ ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER 38TH Governor of California .

    ^ The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s prediction for the 2006 hurricane season was about as wrong as wrong can be.
    • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed a bill requiring that students in the state's public schools be taught about global warming .
    • Global warming (Harper's Magazine) 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

    ."Man has reached the point where his impact on the climate can be as significant as nature's."^ NASA announces that natural, and not man made forces, play a significant role in climate change .

    ^ UN downgrades man's impact on the climate Richard Gray, Science Correspondent, Sunday Telegraph .
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Sun effects climate change - Man, as Canute took pains to demonstrate, is puny against Nature.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Warrick, Joby. “Consensus .Emerges Earth Is Warming – Now What?” Washington Post 12 Nov.^ Now I'm not trying to say that your light bulbs aren't causing a serious problem or anything, nor am I saying that the Sun is warming the Earth.

      ^ As I indicated in a yesterday’s post, Ian Pilimer’s book, available now at Heaven And Earth: Global Warming – The Missing Science , changed the view of Australians.
      • Global Warming | The Substratum 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.thesubstratum.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Global warming is the biggest problem on earth right now and needs immediate attention.
      • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

      .1997: A01.
  • "The answer to global warming is in the abolition of private property and production for human need.^ Where is that global warming when you need it?
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They need cheaper materials like coals, oil, and burning many other carbon substances but they are saying there is global warming.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I still maintain that we don't need to worry about Global Warming until the environmental groups start talking up the benefits of nuclear power.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A socialist world would place an enormous priority on alternative energy sources.^ The trouble is that alternative energy sources remain and will continue to be appallingly inefficient, offering a very poor to mostly negative return on investment.

    ^ Finding alternative energy is a good thing, because it makes us less dependent on other, less stable areas of the world.
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Speaking of Scientific Consensus on anthropogenic Climate Change 15 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If oil were allowed to rise to its natural price, there would be tremendous market incentives to find alternate sources of energy.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This is what ecologically-minded socialists have been exploring for quite some time now."^ Oh, and I would have thought that by now you would expect me to come from time to time with some particularly outrageous bits.
    • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming: a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?"

    ^ Now (some time back), an El Nina is in the Pacific as a cold water mass, and it is creating cold weather and droughts.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Louis Proyect, Columbia University
  • ‘Since global warming Eskimos now have twenty different words for water.’
    • John O'Farrell - This Is Your Life 2001
  • “If you asked me to name the three scariest threats facing the human race, I would give the same answer that most people would: nuclear war, global warming and Windows.”
  • "Gordon Brown thinks you can solve climate change by changing your lightbulbs.^ Let's change this there which is the new name for global warming since there isn't any global warming .
    • Richard Lindzen:Global Warming Denier | WRKO 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC audio.wrko.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At that point, global warming becomes irrelevant, since it would be offset by the nuclear winter.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Enjoy global warming while you can .

    .I think you should solve climate change by changing the government"
    • Sian Berry Green Party of England and Wales Principle Speaker [2]
  • “While human-induced global warming is not going to turn present-day Earth into present-day Mars, global warming is dire enough that our most distinguished scientists recently concluded that as many as 1 million species on the planet could be extinct by 2050 if affairs do not change.”
    • Jay Inslee
  • “In fact, even the current administration now is releasing recent reports indicating that climate change is real, that global warming is occurring, that it is heavily influenced by man-made objects and that it is something we cannot ignore any longer.”
    • Ron Kind
  • “Global warming is not a conqueror to kneel before - but a challenge to rise to.^ Enjoy global warming while you can .

    ^ It should have read, “… Earth is warming in part due to man-made problems.” .
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ This is something that those who claim Global warming is something this planet has never experienced before, seem to ignore.
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A challenge we must rise to.”
  • “Today, we can see with our own eyes what global warming is doing.^ It must be time to challenge all the public school and high school teachers who are hammering home the GISS received doctrine about global warming without even acknowledging the serious questions that are emerging.
    • EclectEcon: Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.eclectecon.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Yet by focusing entirely on carbon dioxide emissions, major environmental organizations have failed to account for published data showing that other gases are the main culprits behind the global warming we see today.
    • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ It seems to me that rational discussion on global warming is not acceptable if it doesn’t fall in line with the views of the politicians who have their own agenda to promote.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .In that context it becomes truly irresponsible, if not immoral, for us not to do something.”
    • Joe Lieberman
  • “Shame on us if 100 or 200 years from now our grandchildren and great-grandchildren are living on a planet that has been irreparably damaged by global warming, and they ask, 'How could those who came before us, who saw this coming, have let this happen?'”
    • Joe Lieberman
  • “When the penny drops to President Bush that global warming is really serious, they're going to be in trouble.”
  • "At its core, global climate change is not about economic theory or political platforms, nor about partisan advantage or interest group pressures.^ "Has global warming really stopped?"
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Global warming is real too.
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ How many more years of NO global warming will it take?
    • Global Warming: Man or Myth - Global Warming Denial Machine 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www2.sunysuffolk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It is about the future of God's creation and the one human family. .It is about protecting both `the human environment' and the natural environment."^ How about protecting the nation's environment?"

    ^ If "Probably has" (N=769): "Do you believe that the earth is getting warmer mostly because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, OR, mostly because of natural patterns in the earth's environment?"

    ^ Global Warming Scientific documentation and ramifications of global warming from both human as well as natural causes.
    • Global Warming: Methane Could Be Far Worse Than Carbon Dioxide - Health Supreme 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.newmediaexplorer.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • United States Conference of Catholic Bishops statement [3]
  • "Global warming is too serious for the world any longer to ignore its danger or split into opposing factions on it."
  • "Climate change is the most severe problem that we are facing today, more serious even than the threat of terrorism."^ But with climate change, the scientists are more worried than the public.
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ To me, global warming is much more alarming even than global terrorism.” .
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Today it is more than $5 billion.
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • David King, UK government chief scientific adviser, January 2004.
  • "Global warming is a serious threat.^ Seriously, Global Warming is just a ploy from the Government to get tax $??
    • Arctic Ice Grows 30 Per Cent In a Year 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "Sir David King, the Government's chief scientific adviser, says America, the world's greatest polluter, must take the threat of global warming more seriously.
    • Democrats.com Archive: global warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC archive.democrats.com [Source type: News]

    ^ UK to global warming.

    .There is overwhelming evidence that increasing amounts of carbon dioxide [and other gases] are heating up the Earth's climate and that inaction could be disastrous.^ And it means carbon dioxide is not heating the oceans.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Carbon dioxide is increasing at an unprecedented rate.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Human activities have altered the chemical composition of the atmosphere through the buildup of greenhouse gases - primarily carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide.
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    ... [I]n this case, doing what will earn respect and support around the world is also in our own best environmental and economic interests and is the right thing to do. .Even if, despite all the evidence, one chooses to remain a skeptic on climate change, taking action today -- as an insurance policy -- is the only wise course of action.^ "All that must be climate change, right?"

    ^ Climate-change policy .
    • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ But climate change not only threatens the Maldives, it threatens us all,” he said.
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    As the mercury rises, so does the need for a creative solution." .
    • Senator John McCain
  • "The Greenland ice sheet is likely to be eliminated [within 50 years] unless much more substantial reductions in emissions are made than those envisaged [and will] probably be irreversible, this side of a new ice age."^ Much is based on not much more than guesses.
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Speaking of Scientific Consensus on anthropogenic Climate Change 15 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There were three ice ages with more CO2 than today.

    ^ However, those benefits may be more than offset by the detrimental effects of increases in ozone, notably on crops.

    .
    • Jonathan Gregory, climatologist, University of Reading, April 2004
  • "The absolutely best case scenario - which in my opinion is unrealistic - with the minimum expected climate change...^ I wanted to start out with my 2008 predictions around climate change.

    ^ But you did not gainsay my major premise, which is that "climate change" is totally out of Man's control.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In any case, the climate changes that will occur will disrupt our life & agriculture as we know it, & not for the better.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    we end up with an estimate of .9% [of all species] facing extinction."^ A large new study found that up to half of all plant and animal species on land could face extinction by 2050 because of global warming .
    • Global warming (Harper's Magazine) 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

    .
    • Chris Thomas, ecologist, University of Leeds
  • "Our climate is warming at a faster rate than ever before recorded."^ According to the “CO2 drives the climate” theory the upper troposphere should be warming faster than surface “temperature”.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The rate at which the United States burns fossil fuels has made our country a leading contributor to global warming.
    • Democrats.com Archive: global warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC archive.democrats.com [Source type: News]

    ^ This corresponds with United Nations climate-change models that show Greenland warming at a faster rate than the rest of the planet and partially explains the rapid deterioration of the Greenland ice sheet in recent years.
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • NOAA Administrator D. James Baker April 18, 2000
  • "[W]hen we look at the graphs of rising ocean temperatures, rising carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and so on, we know that they are climbing far more steeply than can be accounted for by the natural oscillation of the weather ...^ It means oceans can heat the air far more than air can heat the oceans.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If the atmosphere heats more than the oceans, precipitation decreases.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And it means carbon dioxide is not heating the oceans.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .What people (must) do is to change their behavior and their attitudes ...^ Some people still laugh it away so they don’t have to act apon it and that attitude needs to change all over the world !
    • Global Warming - Quercus | Fubiz™ 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.fubiz.net [Source type: General]

    ^ In short, ACES is a flawed bill but it does what must be done – internalize an externality to change behavior.
    • PoliGazette » Anthropogenic Global Warming Still Debatable 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.poligazette.com [Source type: Original source]

    .If we do care about our grandchildren then we have to do something, and we have to demand that our governments do something."^ Question #9 What about plans already implemented by our government that have done more harm than good?
    • Global Warming Presentation 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ About five years ago ITV morning TV had an independent scientist and a scientist representing our government on the show, discussing global warming.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Chinese government has been successful in fighting desertification, but that is merely evidence that it is possible to something about the effects of AGW. The desertification would have continued if it was not for Chinese action taken against it.
    • PoliGazette » Anthropogenic Global Warming Still Debatable 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.poligazette.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • David Attenborough, naturalist[4]
  • "When I was a boy in the 1930s, the carbon dioxide level was still below 300 parts per million.^ If carbon dioxide emissions keep rising, surface waters could become more acidic than they have been for 300 million years - except perhaps during global catastrophes.
    • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ From 1990 to 2006, the carbon dioxide intensity of the economy fell by 26.5 percent or 1.9 percent per year.

    ^ Now we're at 385 parts per million.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This year, it reached 382, the highest figure for hundreds of thousands of years."^ Climate changes because that is what yhe climate has done for hundreds of thousands of years, the reasons for which we understand imperfectly.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ultimate recovery takes place on timescales of hundreds of thousands of years, a geologic longevity typically associated in public perceptions with nuclear waste."
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    ^ They fought against the idea for hundreds, even thousands of years.
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .
  • ""There is broad agreement within the scientific community that amplification of the Earth's natural greenhouse effect by the buildup of various gases introduced by human activity has the potential to produce dramatic changes in climate.^ That is not to say there is no effect from Human activity.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So humans produce a miniscule effect on CO2 which has a miniscule effect on climate.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This mechanism is called the natural greenhouse effect.

    .Only by taking action now can we ensure that future generations will not be put at risk."^ But we need to take action now.

    ^ The important thing is that we take action to prepare for the unavoidable consequences of climate change NOW. Past climate changes have happened quick, the most recent having taken only about a decade.
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In order to repower our economy, restore American economic and moral leadership in the world and regain control of our destiny, we must take bold action now.” .

    .
    • Statement by 49 Nobel Prize winners and 700 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 1990
  • "Ignoring climate change will be the most costly of all possible choices, for us and our children."^ Impacts of Climate Change - Science in 2008 .
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    ^ Impacts of Climate Change - Science in 2009 .
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    ^ Our climate is changing, just as it has always done, and always will.
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Peter Ewins, British Meteorological Office
  • "Brent Cross under a slate-grey sky on a Monday afternoon is enough to challenge the most optimistic and rational liberal. .It focuses the mind on the waste, greed, and short-sightedness of our species: you wonder how we are going to survive the enormous changes that the 21st century undoubtedly has in store, the largest of which any sane mind knows is global warming."^ Enjoy global warming while you can .

    ^ We are in species survival mode, you ass.
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Do you know how it was estimated?
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Henry Porter, UK Guardian July 16, 2006 [6]
  • "The European records, being so long, make a convincing case that we're already seeing changes ...^ They're actually about 20" long, although that makes this post much less exciting .

    ^ As for the bet you made in your testosterone-inflamed post: you don't need me to make it, and $100/year is chump change if you're so sure of your projections.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Unfortunately, we needed to start making changes a while ago and we're still sitting around like the climate will wait for us to get over our hubris.
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This is not like 'Centuries from now the ice sheets will melt.'^ Chamonix sites don’t mention the glacier has melted like synthetic coffee ice on a hot summer’s day).
    • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Because like your fingerprints, no two years are exactly alike in the ice melt pattern being demonstrated.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ NASA, rate of ice melt in Greenland will raise oceans only 1.4 inches in the next century .

    .This is 'In a few decades it will be dramatically different.'^ Even a few small changes to the assumptions in the models or even seat of the pants assumptions would mean some dramatically different conclusions.
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Speaking of Scientific Consensus on anthropogenic Climate Change 15 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    To me, that's alarming." .
    • Drew Shindell, NASA physicist, August 2006
  • "You owe it to yourself to see this film.^ You owe it to yourself and your family to get evaluated by a professional so you can learn the truth and take control of your life.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If you do not, and you have grandchildren, you should explain to them why you decided not to."^ AGW theorists can’t seem to explain WHY do you need man made CO2 to get this water vapor feedback started.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ CO2 emissions in cities are still unhealthy…………..’ Please explain why you feel CO2 emission in cities is unhealthly.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Reply Report Abuse by WhereIsMiddleAmerica ( March 23, 2007 6:22 pm ET ) Can you explain why the ice caps on mars are melting as well.
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Movie critic Roger Ebert, on Al Gore's movie about global warming, June 2, 2006
  • "...The United States is a quarter-century late in responding to global warming; serious climate change is already underway and requires action now, not later.^ Critical of global warming .
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    ^ He is now a critic of the anthropogenic theory of global warming .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But it's real strength is in the straightforward narrative about global warming and climate change.

    .There were warnings from the scientific community as early as 1979 and many in the 1980’s.^ And there is still the work of Ferenc Miskolczi which has been left open to the scientific community to be disproved.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Er, there is consensus in the scientific community that global warming is real… .
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ 'Voters believe that there is no consensus about global warming within the scientific community.
    • Democrats.com Archive: global warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC archive.democrats.com [Source type: News]

    .We frittered away that chance to respond, and here is what we are up against now.^ What I find a little odd here is that Gore at al are now proposing that we change these changes anthropogenically, which was the thing he was arguing against in the first place.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The amount of cold water showing up in the Pacific now certainly is helping tip the balance away from the warmth over land in the means.

    .If we want to avoid leaving a ruined world to our children, we are going to have to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by about 60 percent globally and 80 percent in the United States and other developed countries, both by 2050. To do this, global emissions must peak about 2020 and decline steadily thereafter.^ Emissions of greenhouse gases in the United States .
    • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The United States is the world's largest polluter.
    • Democrats.com Archive: global warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC archive.democrats.com [Source type: News]

    ^ California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed a bill requiring that students in the state's public schools be taught about global warming .
    • Global warming (Harper's Magazine) 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

    .Developed country emissions should already be declining.^ However, they hope that with time 1) developing countries will come on board and reduce their GHG emissions, and 2) developed countries will accept lower and lower emissions limits.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I just don’t think that we (USA) should be held to standards that China, India and any other developing country won’t be help too.
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ That should be paid for by developed nations with a history of emissions.
    • PoliGazette » Anthropogenic Global Warming Still Debatable 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.poligazette.com [Source type: Original source]

    The United States is clearly on the wrong path. .The Energy Information Administration projects that both U.S. coal use and carbon dioxide emissions are currently slated to increase by 40 percent by 2030."
    • Gus Speth, dean of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 2006
  • "I have not been one who believed in the global warming.^ Carbon Dioxide irrelevant in global warming debate, Richard Linzen .

    ^ "Do you believe global warming exists ?

    ^ Who believes in AGW (anthropogenic global warming)?
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .But I tell you, they are making a convert out of me as these blistering summers.^ His answer, as I heard about it, was something like this: “I tell them to listen respectfully and make sure they understand, because it is important to know what is current, as well as what is true.” .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But some folks pick out receding glaciers and tell you that’s what’s happening everywhere.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But these scientist indicate that they disagree with the results of the extensive research you’re citing.
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Speaking of Scientific Consensus on anthropogenic Climate Change 15 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    .They have broken heat records in a number of cities already this year and broken all-time records and it is getting hotter and the ice caps are melting and there is a build up of carbon dioxide in the air.^ And it means carbon dioxide is not heating the oceans.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ That means it all gets used up.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The carbon all cycles through carbon dioxide.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .We really need to address the burning of fossil fuels."^ It is very clear that even if we burned all forests, plants, animals, and fossil fuels in the world, we couldn't get the oxygen levels below 20% (and maybe not even 20.9%).

    ^ Does it really matter what if any correlation results between burning fossil fuels and average global termperature changes?
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Half the words population is without electricity and need fossil fuels to move out of poverty .

    .
    • Pat Robertson, 700 Club, talking about the heat wave on August 3, 2006
  • "The danger is that global warming may become self-sustaining, if it has not done so already.^ Myths and falsehoods about global warming .
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Global warming is self-limiting.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So All this talk about Man Made Global warming is bunk.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The melting of the Arctic and Antarctic ice caps reduces the fraction of solar energy reflected back into space, and so increases the temperature further.^ The polar ice caps on Mars are melting.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Greenland and Antarctic ice is increasing, not decreasing .
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Focusing on the next 30 years, convergence among emission scenarios and model results suggest strongly that increasing air temperatures will reduce snowpack, shift snowmelt timing, reduce crop production and rangeland fertility, and cause continued melting of the ice caps and sea level rise.
    • Think Progress » Huckabee And Thompson: Global Warming Is ‘Overblown’ 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .Climate change may kill off the Amazon and other rain forests, and so eliminate once one of the main ways in which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere.^ One can then calculate the temperature saving for any other quantities of carbon dioxide.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ MYTH Carbon dioxide changes in the atmosphere cause temperature changes on the earth.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Global carbon cycle and climate change .
    • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

    .The rise in sea temperature may trigger the release of large quantities of carbon dioxide, trapped as hydrides on the ocean floor.^ One can then calculate the temperature saving for any other quantities of carbon dioxide.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And it means carbon dioxide is not heating the oceans.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And by extension, if we can control atmospheric carbon dioxide, we can exert a positive control over the global mean temperature.

    .Both these phenomena would increase the greenhouse effect, and so global warming further.^ What would change their mind and make them accept anthropogenic global warming and why they chose those criteria.

    ^ "One plan to reduce global warming would have the government set a limit on the amount of those emissions that companies could produce each year.

    ^ In any other field of science work would be allowed to continue unhindered on all views until a definitive proof was obtained, but NO not so for global warming!
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .We have to reverse global warming urgently, if we still can."^ It is prompting action to reverse global warming.

    ^ I still maintain that we don't need to worry about Global Warming until the environmental groups start talking up the benefits of nuclear power.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The notion that we're due another ice age is still peddled as a reason not to worry about global warming.
    • Democrats.com Archive: global warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC archive.democrats.com [Source type: News]

    .
    • Professor Stephen Hawking - ABC News interview, August 16, 2006
  • "Unless we stop dumping 70 million tons of global warming pollution into the atmosphere every 24 hours, which we are doing right now … the continued acceleration of this pollution would destroy the future of human civilization."^ Now they want to slaughter kangaroos to stop global warming.

    ^ Right, there is no global warming.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This is said to show that global warming is accelerating.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Al Gore, September 2006
  • "In comparison to 10 years ago, now all countries recognize that climate change is an important issue, that we must continue Kyoto, that the time after 2012 must be in our sights and that we must do everything possible to improve energy efficiency and, at the same time, facilitate economic growth."^ "All that must be climate change, right?"

    ^ Al Gore: solutions to the climate crisis .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Instead, the climate is on a 10 year cooldown.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • German chancellor Angela Merkel, September 2006
  • "Preventing the transformation of the earth's atmosphere from greenhouse to unconstrained hothouse represents arguably the most imposing scientific and technical challenge that humanity has ever faced.^ Human activities have altered the chemical composition of the atmosphere through the buildup of greenhouse gases - primarily carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide.
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    ^ If Earth’s atmosphere lacked greenhouse gases…The lower atmosphere would be colder and the upper atmosphere would be warmer.” .
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In said theory, and in all other GH theories, water vapor is by FAR the most important GHG in Earth’s atmosphere.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It is local, national and international.^ One group consist of all those international, national, local and other committees whose members are supposed to be experts on the subject.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It will affect all of us as well as all our children."^ We all MUST adapt all our ways or die trying, in the greater view, if out children's children are going to have anything left at all.
    • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ I am, after all, a conservative and seek to conserve not just American traditions and our Constitution, but our natural resources as well.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They labelled us "deniers", said we were blind, mad to ignore the "evidence" and didn't we care about our children's future?
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • British environment minister David Miliband, October 2006
  • "It used to be controversial whether smoking caused lung cancer, it used to be controversial wheter HIV caused AIDS. Now, there are a few mavericks who deny those things.^ And the Republican Party looks the the American public like a cross between UFOlogists (”There are six sightings that cannot be convincingly explained away!”) and those distinguished folks who kept denying that smoking causes lung cancer.
    • Think Progress » Huckabee And Thompson: Global Warming Is ‘Overblown’ 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Those who live in beautiful natural environments who are actually in touch with nature know that the earth has natural cycles we still do not fully understand.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Remember all the psudo-science casting doubt that smoking tobacco caused cancer?
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .In the case of climate change, I think the debate is going the same way in that there is a strong consensus that it is a serious matter."^ Climate change is going to redistribute resources.

    ^ The climate is going to change no matter what we do.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There is a much broader consensus on the need for action than there was when President George H.W. Bush negotiated – and the Senate ratified – the Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1992 and much stronger support for action than when we completed the Kyoto Protocol in 1997.” .

    .
    • Lord Martin Rees, Royal Society president and Astronomer Royal of Great Britain, November 29, 2006
  • "Greenhouse gases are a class of gases that can trap heat near Earth's surface.^ The heat-trapping property of these gases is undisputed although uncertainties exist about exactly how earth's climate responds to them."
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    ^ If Earth’s atmosphere lacked greenhouse gases…The lower atmosphere would be colder and the upper atmosphere would be warmer.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Heat constantly migrates from the core of the earth to the surface.
    • Global Warming Science in Perspective. Earth Needs More CO2. 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC nov55.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .As they increase in the atmosphere, the extra heat they trap leads to global warming.^ Many of their names were used as part of the "consensus" and they don't believe that Global Warming is caused by Human CO2 production.
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ What would change their mind and make them accept anthropogenic global warming and why they chose those criteria.

    ^ By the Global Warming Theory I mean the theory that as a direct and primary result of human activity increasing the amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, we are causing the Earths aggregate temperature to increase at an unnatural rate which will be on the aggregate detrimental to human existence.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This warming in turn places pressure on Earth's climate system and can lead to climate change."^ Causes of global warming and climate change .

    ^ The earth is a dynamic system and it changes constantly.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If the PRIVATE central banks weren’t starting a ‘carbon credits’ trading exchange system to manipulate and profit from and all life on earth wasn’t carbon based, then I might believe the myth that man is causing climate change.
    • Arctic Ice Grows 30 Per Cent In a Year 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Tim Flannery, author of "The Weather Makers: How Man Is Changing the Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth"
  • "One very simple truth about Global Warming is this, that it will spare nobody, however rich, mighty and powerful we think we are....^ Climate does indeed change, and has done, over the life of Earth.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Climate change and global crop productivity .
    • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Does 'climate change' mean 'changing data'?

    .Mr Tony Blair, the Prime Minister of the UK once said that without proper action now, the average global temperatures would rise by 2 degrees Celsius.^ Global temperatures are rising 5.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ With average temperatures in the three winter months of December through February more than 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above average in most European countries, the environment's biological clock has been thrown off kilter, they say.

    ^ By 2100, the most likely increase would be in the range of 4 to 7 degrees, while there is a 90 percent chance global average temperatures will rise 3 to 9 degrees, they said."
    • Democrats.com Archive: global warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC archive.democrats.com [Source type: News]

    .Scientists estimate that the subsequent rise in the sea level would be enough to swamp a large proportion of Bangladesh in 30/40 years time.^ Estimates are that in that time the sea level has risen by over 300 feet.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Sea level rise is minimal today.

    ^ Rising sea levels?
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It would be a serious catastrophe for my country and for the whole region if much of the land in Bangladesh disappears under the sea.^ My hunch is that patterns would emerge that correlate to a similar time series of SST, with a lag.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ My reading would be that in that reduction would be a series of one-off reductions in point sources of VOCs (e.g.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In the context of this country, that would be life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, or as my Naval friend says, “Life, liberty, and the happiness of pursuit”.
    • Global Warming | The Substratum 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.thesubstratum.com [Source type: Original source]

    .I become frightened to think that my grand children (when I touch them) will have no place to live on this planet earth.^ Those who live in beautiful natural environments who are actually in touch with nature know that the earth has natural cycles we still do not fully understand.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ No other species on the planet possesses the savagery and cunning of homo sapiens; there is a reason we rule the earth.
    • Global Warming | The Substratum 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.thesubstratum.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Earth Day: save the planet, starve the children!

    .I really want to be sure that my grandchildren, and their children after them, will be able to enjoy the beauty of my country that I have enjoyed, and be able to have enough land to live, and enough land for food."^ I want my children to inherit a world worth living in.” .
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Sure, you can have a taste of some free vid, but if you want to really chase the dragon, you’re gonna pay.
    • Arctic Ice Grows 30 Per Cent In a Year 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Michael S. Baroi, Anglican Bishop of Bangladesh [7]
  • "I want to tell them that France will always be by their side when they need it, but I also want to tell them that friendship means accepting that your friends may think differently and that a great nation such as the United States has a duty not to put obstacles in the way of the fight against global warming, but on the contrary to take the lead in this fight, because what is at stake is the fate of humanity as a whole.^ Nor do I accept your definition of the 'real global warming dispute'.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Now they want to slaughter kangaroos to stop global warming.

    ^ After all, if global warming were to be solved tomorrow, what would they blame the United States for?
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .France will make this battle its primary battle"
    • Nicolas Sarkozy, president of France, May 2007
  • Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity, and it is the world’s most vulnerable populations who are most immediately at risk.^ One who makes up things about climate.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Climate change and human health: risks and responses .
    • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ No one is saying that the climate can’t change without human interference.
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    The actions of the wealthiest nations—those generating the vast majority of greenhouse gases—have tangible consequences for people in the rest of the world, especially in the poorest nations.’
    • Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor of New York
.
  • Still, is it fair to call climate denial a form of treason?^ US, China, India rebuff call to form a climate group," Associated Press ( Boston Globe ), February 4, 2007.
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    ^ The only scientists who still deny both climate change and the causes of it are on the oil company payroll and even they don't believe what they are saying.
    • M of A - Global Warning - Believe It! 18 September 2009 6:37 UTC www.moonofalabama.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Isn’t it politics as usual? Yes, it is — and that’s why it’s unforgivable ... .Do you remember the days when Bush administration officials claimed that terrorism posed an “existential threat” to America, a threat in whose face normal rules no longer applied?^ No worries, here's the 'global threats' warming and terror.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As you can see, on a longer time scale, there has been no temperature rise.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Now, if you make the same claim again without bothering to respond, you are no longer showing skepticism, but denial.
    • PoliGazette » Anthropogenic Global Warming Still Debatable 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.poligazette.com [Source type: Original source]

    .That was hyperbole -- but the existential threat from climate change is all too real.^ "All that must be climate change, right?"

    ^ That any examination of the historical record, using real temperature records or climate proxies such as ice cores or tree rings, does not indicate any past climate change was irreversible?

    ^ The focal point of all the issues surrounding climate change is energy.
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Yet the deniers are choosing, willfully, to ignore that threat, placing future generations of Americans in grave danger, simply because it’s in their political interest to pretend that there’s nothing to worry about.^ Nothing has been redistributed, because there was nowhere for it to be redistributed from.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It’s about politics and self-interest agendas.

    ^ All politics aside, and irrespective of how true specific claims about global warming are,it seems that the worst thing we can do is nothing.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    If that’s not betrayal, I don’t know what is.

Against

.
  • "All this concern with the effects of global warming is another manifestation of being politically correct"
    • Lord Young of Graffham, in a letter to The Times, 28th Nov 2000.
  • "Global warmers predict that global warming is coming, and our emissions are to blame.^ Where did the global warming come from then?
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Is global warming really all that bad?

    ^ On all fronts, global warming worries me.

    .They do that to keep us worried about our role in the whole thing.^ Those in power want to keep us scared so that they can continue gaining control over everyone's lives.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I was running over what I'd like to say to the commissioners in my head and trying not to be nervous about the whole thing.

    ^ It often disturbs me to think about how often to-day we accept things that would have horrified us then.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    If we aren't worried and guilty, we might not pay their salaries. It's that simple." .
    • Kary Mullis, Winner of the 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • "The problem we are faced with is that the meteorological establishment and the global warming lobby research bodies which receive large funding are now apparently so corrupted by the largesse they receive that the scientists in them have sold their integrity.^ Now they want to slaughter kangaroos to stop global warming.

    ^ Global warming is not a problem.
    • Democrats.com Archive: global warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC archive.democrats.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Scientists blame global warming.
    • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ."
    • Piers Corbyn, Weather Action bulletin, December 2000.
  • "The only people who would be hurt by abandoning the Kyoto Protocol would be several thousand people who make a living attending conferences on global warming"
    • Professor Kirill Kondratyev, Russian Academy of Sciences 2003-10-12
  • "Global warming — at least the modern nightmare vision - is a myth.^ Global warming facts and myths .

    ^ Here are the global warming myths debunked: .
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Myths and falsehoods about global warming .
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    I am sure of it and so are a growing number of scientists. .But what is really worrying is that the world's politicians and policy makers are not."^ What is the real agenda of the United Nations, a consortium of third-world nations that seems preoccupied with an environmental policy that starts and ends with population control?

    .
    • David Bellamy, Daily Mail, July 2004
  • "The European Union and environmental advocacy groups use global warming hysteria to advance their own special agendas.^ AP report on global warming hysteria .

    ^ Global warming, is a politiacal agenda.
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Many of their names were used as part of the "consensus" and they don't believe that Global Warming is caused by Human CO2 production.
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The European Union recognizes any significant reduction in CO2 emissions by the United States will significantly reduce its economic output, thereby bringing it closer to the inferior output of European nations.^ Emissions of greenhouse gases in the United States .
    • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ To the extent that nations reduce emissions significantly, the result will be a chilling effect, to a minor extent on the flora and fauna, but substantially on world economics.

    ^ Without significant, urgent and sustained emissions reductions, we will cross a threshold which will lead to continuing sea level rise of metres.” .
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    .Environmental advocacy groups work to stifle economic and industrial progress wherever they find it to inhibit the successful advancement of peoples in developing nations, inevitably making mankind a second class citizen of planet Earth.^ Carlin works specifically at the EPA’s National Center for Environmental Economics (NCEE), he prepared a report that is highly critical of this impending decision.
    • PoliGazette » Anthropogenic Global Warming Still Debatable 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.poligazette.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Porritt, who has two children, intends to persuade environmental pressure groups to make population a focus of campaigning .” .

    ^ To do so they have been forced to adjust all kinds of variables to find what works best.
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Speaking of Scientific Consensus on anthropogenic Climate Change 15 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    • Dr. Jay Lehr, science director, The Heartland Institute, 2004-11-19
  • "Global warming is indeed a scam, perpetrated by scientists with vested interests, but in need of crash courses in geology, logic and the philosophy of science." .
    • Dr Martin Keeley, Visiting Professor in Petroleum Geology, University College London, 2004-12-06. [BBC]
  • "CO2 - Some call it pollution.^ The team from University College London argued that the results provided the first definitive proof that the overall volume of Arctic ice was decreasing.
    • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

    ^ The infamous Kyoto accords exempt some of the world’s biggest CO2 polluters, including China and India.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Calling CO2 ‘pollution’ is nonsense peddled to the ignorant.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    We call it life." .
    • Competitive Enterprise Institute
  • Sea levels have been rising steadily since the peak of the last Ice Age about 18,000 years ago.^ That was 12,000 years ago.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The sea levels have been rising since the last ice age ended.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The sea levels will continue to rise as polar ice caps melt.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The total rise since then has been four hundred feet...For the last 5,000 years or so, the rate of rise has been about seven inches per century.^ What about recent temperature rises in the last century?
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ That’s about a 1/10 of 1 degree rise – over the next two hundred years.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ During the last 18,000 years, the warming was particularly appreciable during the Middle Holocene.
    • Limitations on Anthropogenic Global Warming « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


    .The Medieval and Roman warmings, with their intervening cold periods, present a huge problem for the advocates of man-made global warming.^ The Medieval Warm Period disappeared, as did criticism of the global warming orthodoxy.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Man-made global warming is at best not proven.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The overwhelming evidence is for man-made global warming, not the opposite.
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If the Medieval and Roman occurred warmer than today - without greenhouse gases, what would be so unusual about modern times being warm as well?^ You said that the stratosphere would be warmer in that case than it is today.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Greenhouse gases cause warming, 2.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ F warmer than today.
    • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


    .The temperatures at the North and South Poles are lower now than they were in 1930. The Antarctic Peninsula, the finger of land pointing north towards Argentina (and the equator) has been getting warmer...The other 97 percent of Antarctic has been cooling since the mid-1960s.^ We also know that it will warmer at the equator than the poles.
    • Think Progress » POLL: Only 13 Percent Of Congressional Republicans Believe In Man-Made Global Warming 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ In 2009, 40% percent of respondents in Gallup surveys that have interviewed more than 160,000 Americans have said that they are either “conservative” (31%) or “very conservative” (9%).
    • Global Warming | The Substratum 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.thesubstratum.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Scientists point the finger directly at global warming, which changed precipitation patterns and is now causing more "intense rainstorms across parts of the northern hemisphere."
    • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    .
    • S. Fred Singer,[10] Distinguished Research Professor, George Mason University, and Dennis Avery,[11] Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute, co-authors Unstoppable Global Warming: Every 1,500 Years[12] (February 2007)
  • Let's be clear: the work of science has nothing whatever to do with consensus.^ June 19, 2007 at 11:58 AM in Global Warming .

    ^ February 10, 2007 .

    ^ February 12, 2007 at 02:03 PM in Global Warming .

    Consensus is the business of politics. .Science, on the contrary, requires only one investigator who happens to be right, which means that he or she has results that are verifiable by reference to the real world.^ What is relevant in science is who is right, and who is wrong.
    • Asymmetrical Information: People who don't believe in global warming are big fat stupidheads! So there! 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Next Roe constructs a reference climate control system, but not specifically with signals, transfer functions, gains, and flow variables as systems science would require, and as one would expect to find in Bode '45.

    ^ Only a liberal could look you in the face, claim you are lying, and know who the real liar is.
    • Global Warming | The Substratum 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.thesubstratum.com [Source type: Original source]

    In science consensus is irrelevant. What is relevant is reproducible results. .The greatest scientists in history are great precisely because they broke with the consensus.^ After all, if one is to assert that we should listen to scientists who believe in significant anthropogenic warming because they are scientists, we should also listen to scientists who don’t believe in significant anthropogenic warming because they are scientists.
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Speaking of Scientific Consensus on anthropogenic Climate Change 15 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They’re flatly stating, from their perspective as scientists that there is no scientific consensus on the subject of global warmings or the degree to which humans contribute to it.
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Speaking of Scientific Consensus on anthropogenic Climate Change 15 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Of course it's true that the facts might change but until they do this particular scientist neither subscribes to the "consensus" nor sees the need to test the third prediction of the hypothesis.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


    .There is no such thing as consensus science.^ There’s no point debating the science.
    • Think Progress » Huckabee And Thompson: Global Warming Is ‘Overblown’ 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ It’s all climate; there’s no such thing as weather.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are no proofs in science.
    • Disproving The Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) Problem « Watts Up With That? 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If it's consensus, it isn't science.^ In short consensus isn't science.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If it's science, it isn't consensus.^ In short consensus isn't science.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Period. .
  • "Global Warming" represents the last gasp of so-called "scientific progressivism", a mass of pitifully transparent falsehoods being employed to justify reducing mankind under the absolute despotism of "experts", the obvious implication being that we can’t even breathe responsibly.^ Myths and falsehoods about global warming .
    • Myths and falsehoods about global warming | Media Matters for America 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ (Patrick Michael) Where is the global warming?

    ^ This is all at the heart of a political agenda called global warming, an event that ironically has NOTHING TO DO with the WEATHER! .

    .Environmentalism, Gaianism, is a religion on the basis of which — illegally under the First Amendment — public policy is being generated.^ While the confident pronouncements of scientifically unqualified environmental groups may provide for sensational headlines, they are no basis for mature policy formulation.
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Speaking of Scientific Consensus on anthropogenic Climate Change 15 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Both global warming and eugenics are being pushed as a religion and nay-sayers are shouted down as wanting to hurt future generations.
    • Global Warming | Ron Paul .com 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.ronpaul.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ SF-Environmental-Policy-Examiner~y2009m6d27-Next-generation-questions-for-global-warming .
    • PoliGazette » Anthropogenic Global Warming Still Debatable 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.poligazette.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Exhaling carbon dioxide is Original Sin, a reliable source of unlimited power and wealth to a Parasitic Class of politicians, bureaucrats, and cops with which our civilization now finds itself infested.^ They say the debate on global warming has been "hijacked" by a powerful alliance of politicians, scientists and environmentalists who have stifled all questioning about the true environmental impact of carbon dioxide emissions.
    • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In fact, the only thing I can really confirm for you is that carbon dioxide has a 'greenhouse effect' in our atmosphere, and we are responsible for 0.28% of it [6].
    • Anthropogenic Global Warming is Nonsense 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Researchers ran the model for a future climate scenario where carbon dioxide levels were double their current level and the Earth's surface was 5 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than it is now.

About

.
  • "(Israel) undermines the international community's reaction to global warming"
    • Clare Short, British MP and former Secretary of State for International Development.^ Global warming: a very short introduction .
      • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Archer defends against a "widespread misconception" about the duration of global warming, and confusion over the "commonly presumed short lifetime for CO2".

      ^ A recent study done by the International Institute for Strategic Studies has likened the international security effects of global warming to those caused by nuclear war.
      • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

      [16]

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

.Global warming is of current interest, as concerns over climate change have shifted from a focus on global cooling in the 1970s (when NASA scientists indicated global temperatures could be reduced by 3.5°C and “trigger an ice age”) to the current focus on global warming (defined as the increase in average global temperatures of 0.74±0.18°C over the last 100 years).^ Crop yields will be reduced and global hunger increased from global cooling.

^ Hadley Climate Center HadAT2 Data shows global cooling in the last year …..
  • Arctic Ice Grows 30 Per Cent In a Year 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The current global warming trend may create another Ice Age & this time man is responsible for the climate change.
  • The deceit behind global warming - Telegraph 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .It is a major concern, as research published in the journal Science indicates global warming will lead to a "tilting" of the Earth's axis.^ What does atheism have to do with science or global warming?
  • RealClimate: Methane hydrates and global warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.realclimate.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The science of global warming in perspective .

^ Yet by focusing entirely on carbon dioxide emissions, major environmental organizations have failed to account for published data showing that other gases are the main culprits behind the global warming we see today.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[2]. .NASA, the National Academy of Science and the UN have confirmed this warming is driven in large part by methane emitted by livestock flatulence.^ After the National Academy of Sciences, in a report requested by President Bush , confirmed that global warming is in fact real, the White House was forced to disappoint its stockholders in the petroleum industry and acknowledge that climate change is an “issue that nations do need to deal with—all nations, industrialized nations, the United States , developing nations, as well.” .
  • Global warming (Harper's Magazine) 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Moreover, even the National Academy of Sciences is skeptical of the validity of the computer models and warns that the modeling of clouds -- a key factor -- is inadequate and poorly understood.
  • Global Warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A study by the relief group Christian Aid estimates the number of refugees around the world will top a billion by 2050, thanks in large part to global warming.
  • Top 100 Ways Global Warming Will Change Your Life | Environment | AlterNet 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[3][4][5] .With respect to addressing the potential effects of this global warming, NASA climate scientist James Hansen has stated "We cannot afford to put off change any longer...We have only four years left."^ He is causing global warming, I mean cooling, I mean climate change!
  • Global Warming Ate My Homework: 100 Things Blamed on Global Warming | The Foundry: Conservative Policy News. 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC blog.heritage.org [Source type: General]

^ Climate change and global crop productivity .
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Global Warming and Climate Change, Where do you stand?
  • Global Warming (Sep. 13, 2006) 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC educate-yourself.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.Several prominent contributors to IPCC reports are critical of the claims of consensus on global warming.^ Critical of global warming .
  • Global warming - SourceWatch 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

^ AP report on global warming hysteria .

^ UN IPCC is only claiming global warming to make money.
  • Global Warming Presentation 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

One contributor, Dr. Paul Reiter, professor of medical entomology at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, France stated in testimony to the United States Senate "…such consensus is the stuff of politics, not of science. Science proceeds by observation, hypothesis and experiment. .The complexity of this process, and the uncertainties involved, are a major obstacle to a meaningful understanding of scientific issues by non-scientists.^ One major issue with oxygen in the atmosphere is that it is apparently more geological than biological – the net effect of biological processes is (over geological timescales) essentially zero.
  • RealClimate: Methane hydrates and global warming 22 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.realclimate.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sure, in the same sense that just because group-think and media pressure can influence the scientific process thousands of scientists the world over *must* have been influenced by it to a great degree.
  • PoliGazette » Anthropogenic Global Warming Still Debatable 10 September 2009 23:11 UTC www.poligazette.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The "poor understanding" of ocean thermal inertia refers to the scientific uncertainty over how long it will actually take before this heat is released.

.In reality, a genuine concern for mankind and the environment demands the inquiry, accuracy and skepticism that are intrinsic to authentic science.^ A4: Democrats are serious about science and are genuinely concerned about doing good.
  • Global Warming Presentation 27 January 2010 23:56 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The proposed limits on greenhouse gases would harm the environment, hinder the advance of science and technology, and damage the health and welfare of mankind.

^ Science demands constant scrutiny and the misuse of science, when it occurs, is everyone’s concern.
  • The Scientific Case for Modern Anthropogenic Global Warming - Monthly Review 15 September 2009 3:58 UTC monthlyreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A public that is unaware of this is vulnerable to abuse."[7]. Similarly, Dr. Richard S. Lindzen, the Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Atmospheric Science at MIT, indicated “Claims of consensus…serve to intimidate the public and even scientists” and are “a clear attempt to establish truth not by scientific methods but by perpetual repetition.”[8]

References

  1. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/173/3992/138?ck=nck
  2. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/02/06/2484792.htm
  3. http://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/news/20011210/
  4. http://www.physsci.uci.edu/psnews/?id=96
  5. http://www.sciencewa.net.au/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=693&Itemid=587
  6. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/jan/18/jim-hansen-obama
  7. http://commerce.senate.gov/pdf/reiter-042606.pdf
  8. http://online.wsj.com/article_print/SB115127582141890238.html

Wikimedia

See also

Search Results for Global-Warming on Wikviersity

Simple English

File:Instrumental Temperature
Global mean surface temperatures 1856-2004

Global warming is a slow but steady rise in Earth's surface temperature.[1] Temperatures today are 0.74 °C (1.33 °F) higher than 150 years ago.[2] Some people think that the warming is because of people burning fossil fuels like coal and oil. Some also think that humans are cutting down too many trees. Most scientists believe that the sun actually became colder and is not to blame. If this is so, the Earth should be a small amount colder. Many scientists say that the temperature will rise about 3.7 °C (6.7 °F) more in 100 years. Most major governments and science groups agree with these ideas.

If the earth's temperature becomes hotter, the sea level will also become higher because the temperature rise will make ice glaciers melt. The sea level rise may cause coastal areas to flood. Weather patterns, including where and how much precipitation there is, will change. Deserts will increase in size in some areas and decrease in others. Colder areas will become warmer faster than warm areas. Strong storms may become more likely and farming may not make as much food (but the changing weather may also mean that storms may become rare and farms may produce more food more easily). These effects will not be the same over the entire Earth. The changes from one area to another are not well known.

People in government have talked about global warming. They do not agree on what to do about it. Humans can burn less fossil fuels, adapt to any temperature changes, or try to change the Earth to reduce warming. The Kyoto Protocol tries to reduce pollution from the burning of fossil fuels. Most governments have agreed to it. Some people in government think nothing should change.

Contents

Temperature changes

See also: Temperature record of the past 1000 years
File:2000 Year Temperature
A graph of temperatures over the past two thousand years from different proxy reconstructions.

Since the 1800s, people have recorded the daily temperature. In about 1850, the number of temperature measurements worldwide was enough to allow scientists to estimate the global average temperature. From 1920 to 1940, the temperature got warmer. From 1940 to 1970, the temperature got slightly cooler. From 1970 to today, the global (world) temperature has increased by about 0.6 ± 0.2 °C.[3] Starting in 1979, satellites started measuring the temperature of the Earth.

Before 1800, we have no records that show how warm or cold it was. There have been many scientific studies trying to figure out past temperatures before people used thermometers using proxy measurements. This means measuring one thing, and using it to explain another thing. One way is to cut into a tree and measure how it is between tree rings. Trees that live a long time can give us an idea of how temperature and rain have changed while it was alive. Many scientists agree that over the past 2000 years the temperature has been quite stable, but there have been some times where the temperatures have increased such as the Medieval Warm Period, or decreased such as the Little Ice Age. Other proxy measurements such as bore holes show the same pattern as tree rings. Tree rings and bore holes can only help scientists work out the temperature until about 1000 years ago. Ice cores are also used to find out the temperature back to about half a million years ago. Ice cores show that the Earth goes through cycles of ice ages about every 100,000 years, and that it is not a stable temperature.

The greenhouse effect

File:Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide during the last 400,000 years and the rapid rise since the Industrial Revolution

Coal-burning power plants, car exhausts, factory smokestacks, and other man-made waste gas vents give off about 23 billion tons of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the Earth's atmosphere each year. The atmospheric concentration of CO2 has increased by 31% above pre-industrial levels since 1750. This is a lot higher than at any time during the last 425,000 years, the information for which has been collected from ice cores. From less direct geological evidence, people believe that CO2 values this high were last reached 40 million years ago. About three-quarters of the anthropogenic (human-made) emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere during the past 20 years are due to fossil fuel burning. The rest is mostly because changes in how land is used, especially deforestation.[4]

The Sun

The sun becomes hotter and colder every 11 years. This is called the 11-year sunspot cycle. The temperature of the sun does not change much during this cycle. On Earth, the change in temperature is very small. Scientists can barely detect it. If the sun was causing the Earth to warm up, scientists would be able to measure the temperature rise both at the surface and high up in the air. However, the higher air is actually getting colder.

Dust and dirt

People also make a lot of dust and dirt. Some of this dirt is large, so it falls out within a few hours. Some is so small that it could stay in the air for years. This big dirt is still very small. It's about the width of a human hair. The big dirt does not stay in the air for years though because rain hits it and brings it to the surface. It actually only stays in the air for about 7 days. But this is still a long time, and can cause changes in the temperature of the Earth.

Possible responses

There are two main ways that people think global warming can be stopped. The first is to stop putting greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Many people have tried to get countries to stop emitting greenhouse gases. The Kyoto Protocol was signed in 1997. It was supposed to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to below their levels in 1990. As of 2010, the Kyoto Protocol has not worked in reducing greenhouse gas levels. Carbon dioxide levels today are the highest they have been since the start of the Industrial Revolution.

The second is for people to change how they live because of any changes that global warming will bring. The amount of money a country has will affect how easily it adapts. Rich countries like the United States will be able to change more easily, while poor countries such as Bangladesh may not be able to change.

Related pages

Notes and references

  1. ”Biology Concepts & Connections Sixth Edition”, Campbell, Neil A. (2009), page 119. Retrieved 2010-07-21.
  2. IPCC (2007-05-04). "Summary for Policymakers" (PDF). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg1/ar4-wg1-spm.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  3. "Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis". Grida.no. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/figspm-1.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-03. 
  4. "Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis". Grida.no. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/006.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-03. 








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message