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Not to be confused with globalization.

Globalism refers to various theories that range from any ideology that focuses on issues that affect the globe to any advocacy for globalization. Political scientist Joseph Nye, co-founder of the international relations theory of neoliberalism, argues that globalism refers to any description and explanation of a world which is characterized by networks of connections that span multi-continental distances; while globalization refers to the increase or decline in the degree of globalism.[1] Globalism may be contrasted with individualism, localism, nationalism, regionalism or internationalism.

Other beliefs encompassed by globalism include:

  1. The idea of a central world government.
  2. The idea that global governance is better than national interest.
  3. The idea of "harmonizing" national laws into and under a global body of law.
  4. The idea that autonomy of nations is related to chauvinistic urges.
  5. The notion that international trade agreements should be signed for a higher purpose despite disadvantages to either party.

International lawyer and world federalist Francesco Stipo argues that the world is evolving towards a unitary framework, where different organized communities cooperate to prevent conflicts and promote the progress of humanity.[2]

Globalism has become more popular since various Nobel Prize work on non-zero-sum games. This work indicates that in some games the total size of the "pot" may increase through cooperation, and applies it to macroeconomics. Naive over-application of this science causes politicians to emphasize cooperation in all macroeconomic markets of any good or service. Yet some goods do not increase with cooperation: notably oil, natural gas, copper, rare earths and other raw materials.

Conspiracy theorists use the term "globalist" pejoratively to refer to the political agenda, and the members, of a secretive elite which they claim is conspiring to build a "New World Order" in the sense of a bureaucratic collectivist one-world government.[3]

References

  1. ^ Joseph Nye, "Globalism Versus Globalization" http://www.theglobalist.com/StoryId.aspx?StoryId=2392
  2. ^ Francesco Stipo, "World Federalist Manifesto. Guide to Political Globalization" http://www.worldfederalistmanifesto.com
  3. ^ Barkun, Michael (2003). A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. University of California Press; 1 edition. ISBN 0520238052.  

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