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Gloucester County, New Jersey
Map of New Jersey highlighting Gloucester County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Seat Woodbury
Largest city Glassboro
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

337 sq mi (873 km²)
325 sq mi (842 km²)
12 sq mi (31 km²), 3.62%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

254,673
785/sq mi (303/km²)
Founded 1686
Website www.co.gloucester.nj.us

Gloucester County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 254,673. Its county seat is Woodbury[1].

This county is part of the Delaware Valley area. It is located south of Philadelphia and northwest of Atlantic City.

The primary newspaper is the Gloucester County Times, distributed daily and based in Woodbury.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 337 square miles (873 km²), of which, 325 square miles (841 km²) of it is land and 12 square miles (32 km²) of it (3.62%) is water.

Gloucester County is largely composed of low-lying rivers and coastal plains. The highest elevation in the county is a slight rise along County Route 654 southeast of Cross Keys that reaches approximately 180 feet (55 m) above sea level; the lowest point is sea level at the Delaware River.

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Adjacent counties

National protected area

History

Gloucester dates back to May 26, 1686, when courts were established separate from those of Burlington. It was officially formed and its boundaries defined as part of West Jersey on May 17, 1694. Portions of Gloucester County were set off on February 7, 1837 to create Atlantic County, and on March 13, 1844 to create Camden County.[2]

Woodbury, founded in 1683 by Henry Wood, is the oldest town in the county.[3] National Park, another town in the county, was the site of the Revolutionary War Battle of Red Bank (now included in a county park) where Fort Mercer once stood. Here can be seen the remains of the British ship Augusta (stored in a shed in the park), which sank during the battle. During the colonial era, Gloucester County's main economic activity was agriculture. In Woodbury (even then the main town) was located the county courthouse, the county jail, a Quaker meeting house (still in existence), and an inn (on the current location of Woodbury Crossings). Because of the county's many creeks leading to the Delaware River and the Atlantic Ocean, smuggling was very common. Today, Gloucester County has a large and diverse population.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 13,363
1800 16,115 20.6%
1810 19,744 22.5%
1820 23,089 16.9%
1830 28,431 23.1%
1840 25,438 * −10.5%
1850 14,655 * −42.4%
1860 18,444 25.9%
1870 21,562 16.9%
1880 25,886 20.1%
1890 28,649 10.7%
1900 31,905 11.4%
1910 37,368 17.1%
1920 48,224 29.1%
1930 70,802 46.8%
1940 72,219 2.0%
1950 91,727 27.0%
1960 134,840 47.0%
1970 172,681 28.1%
1980 199,917 15.8%
1990 230,082 15.1%
2000 254,673 10.7%
Est. 2005 276,910 [4] 8.7%
* lost territory
historical census data source:[5][6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 254,673 people, 90,717 households, and 67,221 families residing in the county. The population density was 784 people per square mile (303/km²). There were 95,054 housing units at an average density of 293 per square mile (113/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.07% White, 9.06% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 2.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.8% were of Italian, 19.3% Irish, 15.8% German and 7.6% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $54,273, and the median income for a family was $62,482 (these figures had risen to $69,990 and $82,556 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[8]). Males had a median income of $43,825 versus $31,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,708. About 4.30% of families and 6.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.60% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members. Currently, all of the Freeholders are Democrats. Freeholders are elected at large by the voters of Gloucester County in partisan elections and serve staggered 3-year terms. Gloucester County's Freeholders are:[9]

Politics

In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry carried Gloucester County by a 5.3% margin over George W. Bush, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush.[10]

In the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, Barack Obama carried Gloucester County by a 12.2% margin over John McCain, with Obama carrying the state by 15.5% over McCain.[11]

Municipalities

Index map of Gloucester County municipalities (click to see index key)

The following municipalities are located in Gloucester County. The municipality type is listed in parentheses after the name, except where the type is included as part of the name. Census-designated places and other unincorporated communities are listed under their municipalities.

Emergency services

Gloucester County is home to the first county based EMS agency in New Jersey providing services to the municipalities of Logan, Woolwich, Swedesboro, East Greenwich, Gibbstown, Paulsboro, West Deptford, National Park, Mantua, Pitman, Glassboro, Clayton, Woodbury and South Harrison. GCEMS was started in September 2007 and its goal is to provide emergency medical services to the residents of the county within 8:59 seconds from the time of dispatch 90% of the time (considered to be the gold standard in EMS). Currently GCEMS has 10 ambulances in service 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and 2 "power shift" ambulances on duty from the hours of 8AM to 9PM 7 days a week. The department operates out of 11 stations spread strategically throughout the county. The Gloucester County EMS administrative offices are located at the county's Emergency Response Center at 1200 N. Delsea Drive, Clayton, NJ 08312.[12]

Notable residents

Gloucester County is the home to several notable Americans, including:

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 137.
  3. ^ History of Woodbury, accessed January 26, 2007
  4. ^ "QuickFacts: Gloucester County, New Jersey". U.S. Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/34/34015.html. Retrieved 2007-03-01.  
  5. ^ "New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 - 1930". http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd5.htm.  
  6. ^ "Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/. Retrieved 2007-03-02.  
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  8. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=05000US34005&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C05000US34005&_street=&_county=gloucester+county&_cityTown=gloucester+county&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  9. ^ Gloucester County Elected Officials, accessed June 20, 2007.
  10. ^ New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.
  11. ^ U.S. Election Atlas
  12. ^ "Gloucester County Celebrates Emergency Medical Services Week", Gloucester County press release, dated May 21, 2008. Accessed June 28, 2008.

External links

Coordinates: 39°43′N 75°08′W / 39.71°N 75.14°W / 39.71; -75.14


Genealogy

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Gloucester County, New Jersey
Map
File:Map of New Jersey highlighting Gloucester County.png
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the USA highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1686
Seat Woodbury
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 3.62%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

254673
Website: www.co.gloucester.nj.us

Gloucester County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 254,673. Its county seat is Woodbury6.

This county is part of the Delaware Valley area. It is located south of Philadelphia and northwest of Atlantic City.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 873 km² (337 sq mi). 841 km² (325 sq mi) of it is land and 32 km² (12 sq mi) of it (3.62%) is water.

Gloucester County is largely composed of low-lying river and coastal plain. The highest elevation in the county is a slight rise along County Route 654 southeast of Cross Keys that reaches approximately 180 feet (55 m) above sea level; the lowest point is sea level at the Delaware River.

Adjacent Counties

History

Gloucester dates back to May 26, 1686, when courts were established separate from those of Burlington. It was officially formed and its boundaries defined as part of West Jersey on May 17, 1694. Portions of Gloucester County were set off on February 7, 1837 to create Atlantic County, and on March 13, 1844 to create Camden County.[1]

Woodbury, founded in 1683 by Henry Wood, is the oldest town in the county.[2] National Park, another town in the county, was the site of the Revolutionary War Battle of Red Bank (now included in a county park) where Fort Mercer once stood. Here can be seen the remains of the British ship Augusta (stored in a shed in the park), which sank during the battle. During the colonial era, Gloucester County's main economic activity was agriculture. In Woodbury (even then the main town) was located the county courthouse, the county jail, a Quaker meeting house (still in existence), and an inn (on the current location of Woodbury Crossings). Because of the county's many creeks leading to the Delaware River and the Atlantic Ocean, smuggling was very common. Today, Gloucester County has a large and diverse population.

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 254,673 people, 90,717 households, and 67,221 families residing in the county. The population density was 303/km² (784/sq mi). There were 95,054 housing units at an average density of 113/km² (293/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 87.07% White, 9.06% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 2.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.8% were of Italian, 19.3% Irish, 15.8% German and 7.6% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 90,717 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.90% were non-families. 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $54,273, and the median income for a family was $62,482. Males had a median income of $43,825 versus $31,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,708. About 4.30% of families and 6.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.60% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members. Currently, all of the Freeholders are Democrats. Freeholders are elected at large by the voters of Gloucester County in partisan elections and serve staggered 3-year terms. Gloucester County's Freeholders are:[3]

Municipalities

Index map of Gloucester County municipalities (click to see index key)

The following municipalities are located in Gloucester County. The municipality type is listed in parentheses after the name, except where the type is included as part of the name. Census-designated places and other unincorporated communities are listed under their municipalities.

Notable residents

Gloucester County is the home to several notable Americans, including:

References

  1. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 137.
  2. ^ History of Woodbury, accessed January 26, 2007
  3. ^ Gloucester County Elected Officials, accessed June 20, 2007.

Coordinates: 39°43′N 75°08′W / 39.71, -75.14


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Gloucester County, New Jersey. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Gloucester County, New JerseyRDF feed
County names Gloucester County, New Jersey  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 New Jersey  +
Short name Gloucester County  +

This article uses material from the "Gloucester County, New Jersey" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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