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Glycyrrhiza
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Galegeae
Genus: Glycyrrhiza
Species

~18, see text

Glycyrrhiza is a genus of about 18 accepted species in the family Fabaceae (Leguminosae), with a subcosmopolitan distribution in Asia, Australia, Europe, and the Americas.

Contents

Genus

The genus is best known for liquorice (British English; licorice in American English), which is the product of G. glabra, a species native to the Mediterranean region. Very little G. glabra is grown in North America, but American Licorice G. lepidota is a common native species there.

Etymology

Russian Liquorice (G. echinata) and Chinese Liquorice (G. uralensis, (Chinese: pinyin: gāncǎo); lit. "sweet grass" or "sweet herb") are also cultivated, the latter being important in traditional Chinese medicine.

Species

Species include[1]:

  • Glycyrrhiza acanthocarpa
  • Glycyrrhiza aspera
  • Glycyrrhiza astragalina
  • Glycyrrhiza bucharica
  • Glycyrrhiza echinata - Russian liquorice
  • Glycyrrhiza eglandulosa
  • Glycyrrhiza foetida
  • Glycyrrhiza foetidissima
  • Glycyrrhiza glabra - liquorice, licorice
  • Glycyrrhiza gontscharovii
  • Glycyrrhiza iconica
  • Glycyrrhiza korshinskyi
  • Glycyrrhiza lepidota - American licorice
  • Glycyrrhiza pallidiflora
  • Glycyrrhiza squamulosa
  • Glycyrrhiza triphylla
  • Glycyrrhiza uralensis - Chinese liquorice
  • Glycyrrhiza yunnanensis

Gallery

References

  1. ^ ILDIS home page

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Glycyrrhiza lepidota

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Galegeae
Genus: Glycyrrhiza
Species: G. anthocarpa - G. aspera - G. echinata - G. glabra - G. inflata - G. korshinskyi - G. lepidota - G. pallidiflora - G. triphylla - G. uralensis

Name

Glycyrrhiza L.

Vernacular names

Русский: Солодка

Simple English

Glycyrrhiza
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Galegeae
Genus: Glycyrrhiza
Species

~18, see text

Glycyrrhiza is a genus of about 18 accepted species in the family Fabaceae (Leguminosae), with a subcosmopolitan distribution in Asia, Australia, Europe, and the Americas. It is best known for liquorice (British English; licorice in American English), which is the product of G. glabra, a species native to the Mediterranean region. Very little G. glabra is grown in North America, but American Licorice G. lepidota is a common native species there. Russian Liquorice (G. echinata) and Chinese Liquorice (G. uralensis, Chinese: gāncǎo, ; lit. "sweet grass" or "sweet herb") are also cultivated, the latter being important in traditional Chinese medicine.

Species include:

  • Glycyrrhiza acanthocarpa
  • Glycyrrhiza aspera
  • Glycyrrhiza astragalina
  • Glycyrrhiza bucharica
  • Glycyrrhiza echinata - Russian liquorice
  • Glycyrrhiza eglandulosa
  • Glycyrrhiza foetida
  • Glycyrrhiza foetidissima
  • Glycyrrhiza glabra - liquorice, licorice
  • Glycyrrhiza gontscharovii
  • Glycyrrhiza iconica
  • Glycyrrhiza korshinskyi
  • Glycyrrhiza lepidota - American licorice
  • Glycyrrhiza pallidiflora
  • Glycyrrhiza squamulosa
  • Glycyrrhiza triphylla
  • Glycyrrhiza uralensis - Chinese liquorice
  • Glycyrrhiza yunnanensis

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