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Coordinates: 51°53′35″N 1°22′55″W / 51.893°N 1.382°W / 51.893; -1.382

Glympton
Glympton is located in Oxfordshire
Glympton

 Glympton shown within Oxfordshire
OS grid reference SP4221
Parish Glympton
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Woodstock
Postcode district OX20
Dialling code 01993
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
List of places: UK • England • Oxfordshire

Glympton is a village on the River Glyme about 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Woodstock, Oxfordshire.

Contents

Prehistory

Grim's Ditch in the southern part of the parish, just north of Grim's Dyke Farm, was dug in the 1st century.[1] The surviving section is about 550 yards (500 m) long.

Manor and church

The first known record of Glympton's existence is a charter from about AD 1050 in which it is given as a witness's address.[1] In the reign of King Edward the Confessor, Wulfward the White, a thegn of Edward's consort Queen Edith, held the manor of Glympton.[1] Wulfward survived the Norman conquest of England but by 1086 King William I had granted the manor to Geoffrey de Montbray, Bishop of Coutances.[1] By 1122 Geoffrey de Clinton, chamberlain of Henry I of England held the manor.[1] In 1633 the manor was bought by William Wheate, whose descendants continued to hold the estate until 1944.[1]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary was originally Norman.[2] The bell tower was added in the 16th or 17th century.[2] In 1872 the Gothic Revival architect G.E. Street rebuilt the chancel, inserted new windows in the nave, and added a porch and a vestry.[2]

Glympton Park is a country house that was built for the Wheate family in the 18th century. At the same time the River Glyme was dammed to form the lake in the park.[1] The house was remodelled in 1846.[3]

Economic and social history

Glympton village used to be grouped around the parish church.[1] However, William Wheate moved the entire village about 400 yards (370 m) southeast to make way for the landscaping of Glympton Park, apparently in the 1630's or 1640's, leaving the parish church isolated in its original position.[1] The gate lodge to Glympton Park was probably built at this time,[1] and despite a restoration in 1880 the lodge remains essentially a 17th century house.[3]

Apart from the parish church, no trace remains of the original village.[1] Of the relocated 17th century village none of the original houses survives either. One 18th century inn survives as a private house.[1] All the remaining houses in the relocated village were either remodelled in the 19th century or built new in the 20th century.[1]

Glympton's farmland was enclosed earlier than that of many other parishes. There were records of some enclosures having taken place by the early parts of the 14th, 15th and 17th centuries.[1] After William Wheate bought the manor in 1633 he began enclosing the remainder, and after 1690 Sir Thomas Wheate, 1st Baronet completed the process by agreement with his tenants.[1]

The main road through Glympton was once part of the main road between London and Aberystwyth.[1] It and the Oxford - Stratford-upon-Avon main road through the parish were made into turnpikes in 1729 and ceased to be turnpikes in 1878.[1] Since the 1920's the road has been classified as the B4027, and the Oxrord - Stratford road has been the A44.

Glympton's first record of a public house is from 1648.[1] By 1780 it had two inns, the Pole Axe and the Swan,[1] presumably deriving some of their trade from the then turnpike roads passing through the parish. The Pole Axe had closed by 1784 and The Swan in about 1853.[1]

The former school at Glympton

The village school was built in 1849 and became a Church of England School in 1903.[1] It was reorganised as a junior school in 1922 and closed in 1932.[1] In 1950 the building was converted into the village hall.[1]

The village post office was opened in 1887.[1]

In 1949 the owner of Glympton Park had a row of four almshouses built at Glympton.[1][3][4] When their site was being prepared, a hoard of coins from the reigns of James I and Charles I was found,[1] possibly dating from the English Civil War. In 1646 Royalist troops requisitioned food and carts from the village and in 1648 up to 50 Parliamentarian soldiers were billeted here.[1]

Sources

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Crossley, 1983, pages 120-131
  2. ^ a b c Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 612
  3. ^ a b c Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 613
  4. ^ Panoramio: The Alms Houses at Glympton
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